Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
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Article Number - 0641E7D67150


Vol.9(12), pp. 208-216 , December 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0697
ISSN: 2006-9758



Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the inheritance pattern of the novel "female only flower" trait in Jatropha curcas L. as potential for hybrid seed production



Gongora-Canul, C. C.
  • Gongora-Canul, C. C.
  • Universidad Anáhuac Mayab, División de Ingeniería y Ciencias Exactas. Carretera Mérida-Progreso Km 15.5, interior Km 2 Carretera a Chablekal, Oncá, Cordemex, CP 97310, Mérida, Yucatán, México.
  • Google Scholar
Aguilera-Cauich, E. A.
  • Aguilera-Cauich, E. A.
  • Agroindustria Alternativa del Sureste - Grupo Lodemo. Calle 60 diagonal, Num. 490, CP: 97300 Parque Industrial Yucatán, México.
  • Google Scholar
Martinez-Sebastián, G.
  • Martinez-Sebastián, G.
  • Agroindustria Alternativa del Sureste - Grupo Lodemo. Calle 60 diagonal, Num. 490, CP: 97300 Parque Industrial Yucatán, México.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 08 October 2017  Accepted: 17 November 2017  Published: 31 December 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Jatropha curcas L. (JLC) is a perennial shrub, originating in Central and South America and widely distributed in the tropical regions of the world. It is important in the bioenergy industries due to the characteristics of its oil which can be transformed into high quality biofuel for the substitution of diesel and jet fuel. The native gene, female only flower (FOF), is a desirable trait in the production of hybrid seed of J. curcas. L. In this study, inbreeding was induced in eight accessions from wild, S1, S2 to S3 endogamy level, and two wild accessions naturally expressing the FOF trait were used as females to cross with male accessions (FM) in order to estimate segregation. The Chi-Square test was used to determine if the FOF trait follows a Mendelian inheritance. Results strongly support the assumption that FOF trait follows a recessive monogenic Mendelian inheritance pattern since, in the inbreeding process of the trait, it segregated a phenotypic frequency of 3:1 (FM:FOF) and in crosses, a frequency of 1:1 (FM:FOF) was segregated. This study potentially contributes to furthering the commercial production of JLC hybrid seed, given that the plants with FOF trait can be used as female parents to be naturally pollinated in isolated plots, thereby reducing labor and cost.

Key words: Floral biology, heredity, inbreeding, Jatropha curcas, native gene.

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APA Gongora-Canul, C. C., Aguilera-Cauich, E. A., & Martinez-Sebastián, G. (2017). Assessment of the inheritance pattern of the novel "female only flower" trait in Jatropha curcas L. as potential for hybrid seed production. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 9(12), 208-216.
Chicago Gongora-Canul, C. C., Aguilera-Cauich, E. A. and Martinez-Sebasti&an, G.. "Assessment of the inheritance pattern of the novel "female only flower" trait in Jatropha curcas L. as potential for hybrid seed production." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 9, no. 12 (2017): 208-216.
MLA Gongora-Canul, et al. "Assessment of the inheritance pattern of the novel "female only flower" trait in Jatropha curcas L. as potential for hybrid seed production." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 9.12 (2017): 208-216.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0697
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPBCS/article-abstract/0641E7D67150

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