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Article Number - 08BCBF055332


Vol.10(1), pp. 1-12 , January 2018
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0695
ISSN: 2006-9758



Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of crossability studies between selected eggplant accessions with wild relatives S. torvum, S. anguivi and S. aethopicum (Shum group)



Afful N. T.
  • Afful N. T.
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Nyadanu D.
  • Nyadanu D.
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Akromah R.
  • Akromah R.
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Amoatey H. M.
  • Amoatey H. M.
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Biotech and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Legon, P. O. Box 80, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Annor C.
  • Annor C.
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Biotech and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Legon, P. O. Box 80, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Diawouh R. G.
  • Diawouh R. G.
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Biotech and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Legon, P. O. Box 80, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 04 October 2017  Accepted: 30 November 2017  Published: 31 January 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Wild relatives of eggplants represent a good source of variation for breeding programmes, in particular for traits related to biotic and abiotic stresses and also fruit quality traits. However, wild species remain largely unexploited for eggplant breeding compared to other crops like tomato. Seven cultivated eggplant accessions (SM001-02, SM001-04, SM001-06, SM001-07, SA002-02, SA002-03 and SMA003-03) were crossed with three wild accessions (ST004-03 (Solanum tovum), San005-01 (Solanum anguivi) and SA002-08 (Solanum aethiopicum)) in an open field using completely randomized design. The success of fruit and seed set as well as seed germination depended on the cross combination and the direction of the cross. In this regard, no fruit set was recorded when the wild accessions were used as female parents. The highest fruit set and mean number of seeds/fruit was obtained from the crosses Sm001-07 × ST004-03 (6%; 264 seeds) and Sm001-07 × San005-01 (5.7%, 114 seeds), respectively. The germination of hybrid seeds was recorded in only three crosses, SM001-07 × ST004-03, SM001-07 × San005-01 and SA002-02 × San005-01 with germination range from 3.3 to 16.6%. However, plantlets from these seeds did not survive after two weeks of germination. The hybridity of the putative interspecific F1 hybrids (through tissue culture) was confirmed with a morphological marker. These hybrids obtained will contribute to broadening the genetic background of cultivated eggplant species used in this study and to the genetic enhancement of this crop.
 
Key words: Crossability, eggplant, fruit set, germination, introgression, seed set, wild relatives.

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APA Afful, N. T., Nyadanu, D., Akromah, R., Amoatey, H. M., Annor, C., & Diawouh, R. G. (2018). Evaluation of crossability studies between selected eggplant accessions with wild relatives S. torvum, S. anguivi and S. aethopicum (Shum group). Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 10(1), 1-12.
Chicago Afful N. T., Nyadanu D., Akromah R., Amoatey H. M., Annor C. and Diawouh R. G.. "Evaluation of crossability studies between selected eggplant accessions with wild relatives S. torvum, S. anguivi and S. aethopicum (Shum group)." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 10, no. 1 (2018): 1-12.
MLA Afful N. T., et al. "Evaluation of crossability studies between selected eggplant accessions with wild relatives S. torvum, S. anguivi and S. aethopicum (Shum group)." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 10.1 (2018): 1-12.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0695
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPBCS/article-abstract/08BCBF055332

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