Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
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Article Number - 5475E0863929


Vol.9(5), pp. 54-62 , May 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0620
ISSN: 2006-9758



Full Length Research Paper

Improvement of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) by intraspecific hybridization between ecotypes of Africa and Americana



Ayizannon R. G.
  • Ayizannon R. G.
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques/Université d’Abomey-Calavi (Bénin) BP 526 Recette Principale de Cotonou
  • Google Scholar
Ahoton L. E.
  • Ahoton L. E.
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques/Université d’Abomey-Calavi (Bénin) BP 526 Recette Principale de Cotonou
  • Google Scholar
Ezin V.
  • Ezin V.
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques/Université d’Abomey-Calavi (Bénin) BP 526 Recette Principale de Cotonou
  • Google Scholar
Quenum F.
  • Quenum F.
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques/Université d’Abomey-Calavi (Bénin) BP 526 Recette Principale de Cotonou
  • Google Scholar
Mergeai G.
  • Mergeai G.
  • Unité de Phytotechnie Tropicale et Horticulture, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Université de Liège, Belgium
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 05 November 2016  Accepted: 20 March 2017  Published: 31 May 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Jatropha curcas is a plant with several attributes, multiples uses and considerable potentials. To mitigate the effects of climatic change, it is necessary to alleviate fossil power energy and increase biofuel energy. Plant-based fuels are among the best renewable sources, and their use can lead to a better balance of CO2 and other greenhouse gases responsible for global warming. The aim of this work was to study the progeny of intraspecific cross of J. curcas (Equator × Senegal (Dialocoto)) in order to improve the productivity of the cultivated species through intra specific hybridization. The results showed that hybrids obtained from the cross between Equator ecotypes and Senegal ecotype (Dialocoto) showed the best production traits. For the width and length of the leaves, Equator ecotypes and hybrids had almost the same size (19.79 and 17.73 cm for Equator ecotypes and 19.0 and 17.23 cm for hybrids). The physical fruit properties of the hybrid showed dominance in comparison with the best parent due to heterosis effect. The hybrids showed a positive heterosis in fruit length, with significant H (30.17%) and Hb (3.47%) values. For the qualitative data, hybrids had the same leaf and petiole color as the Senegal ecotype, but the same leaf size with the Equator ecotype. The introduction of genetic variability can be performed by intraspecific cross.

 

Key words:  Benin, ecotype, Jatropha curcas, heterosis, hybrids.

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APA Ayizannon, R. G., Ahoton, L. E., Ezin, V., Quenum, F. and Mergeai, G. (2017). Improvement of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) by intraspecific hybridization between ecotypes of Africa and Americana. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 9(5), 54-62.
Chicago Ayizannon R. G., Ahoton L. E., Ezin V., Quenum  F. and Mergeai G.. "Improvement of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) by intraspecific hybridization between ecotypes of Africa and Americana." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 9, no. 5 (2017): 54-62.
MLA Ayizannon R. G., et al. "Improvement of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) by intraspecific hybridization between ecotypes of Africa and Americana." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 9.5 (2017): 54-62.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPBCS2016.0620
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPBCS/article-abstract/5475E0863929

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