Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Subscribe to JPBCS
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 79D49F167151


Vol.9(12), pp. 217-223 , December 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0684
ISSN: 2006-9758



Full Length Research Paper

Estimates of combining ability for resistance to pod shattering in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) genotypes



F. A. Umar
  • F. A. Umar
  • National Cereals Research Institute, P. M. B. 8, Badeggi, Niger State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
M. S. Mohammed
  • M. S. Mohammed
  • Department of Plant Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
M. Oyekunle
  • M. Oyekunle
  • Department of Plant Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
I. S. Usman
  • I. S. Usman
  • Department of Plant Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
M. N. Ishaq
  • M. N. Ishaq
  • National Cereals Research Institute, P. M. B. 8, Badeggi, Niger State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
S. N. Dachi
  • S. N. Dachi
  • National Cereals Research Institute, P. M. B. 8, Badeggi, Niger State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 16 August 2017  Accepted: 04 October 2017  Published: 31 December 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Combining ability estimates were studied for pod shattering and other agronomic traits in eight  parental soybean genotypes of different pod shattering group namely: susceptible to pod shattering, moderately resistant to pod shattering were crossed in a 4 x 4 North Carolina mating design II to generate 16 crosses, due to missing stands encountered in some crosses, 9 successful F1S hybrids were obtained in the present study and evaluated along with the parents to estimate the mode of gene action controlling pod shattering in soybean and the combining ability for pod shattering and other agronomic traits in soybean. The mean square from the analysis of variance for the ten traits measured showed highly significant differences (p<0.01) among the genotypes. This has demonstrated the existence of genetic variability among soybean genotypes with pod shattering under additive gene action. TGX1955-10E, NG/AD/11/08/023 and NG/SA/07/100 were good general combiners for resistance to pod shattering, plant height, days to 50% flowering and days to maturity while NG/MR/11/11/060, NGBOO/08, TGX1740-1F and NG/SA/07/055 are good general combiner for number of seeds/ pod, pod length, hundred seed weight and grain yield. NG/SA/07/100 x TGX1740-1F, NG/MR/11/11/060 x NGBOO129 and NG/MR/11/11/060 x NG/AD/11/08/023 had positive specific combining ability effects for number of branches/ plant, number of pods/plant, pod length, number of seeds/pod, hundred seed weight and grain yield.  NG/MR/11/11/060 X NG/SA/07/055had negative SCA effects for plant height. This implied that these hybrids performed better than the parents GCA effects. This suggests that the cross combination can be advanced for selection in later generation.

Key words: Combining ability effects, soybean genotypes, pod shattering, Samaru.

Asian Vegetable Research Development Centre (AVRDC) (1979). International Co-operator's Guide. Suggested cultural practices for soybean. Asian Vegetable Research Development Centre, Taiwan. Robinson, H.F. No.79-112.

 

Bara N, Khare D, Srivastava AN (2013). Studies on the factors affecting pod shattering in soybean. Ind. J. Genetics. 73(3):270-277.
Crossref

 
 

Context Network and Sahel Capital (2016). Early Generation Seed System, Study feed the future: Building Capacity for African Agricultural Transformation (Africa Lead II). pp. 51-52.

 
 

Caviness CE (1969). Heritability of pod dehiscence and its association with some agronomic characters in soybeans. J. Crop Sci. 9:207-209.
Crossref

 
 

Cruz CD, Regazzi AD, Carnero PCS (2004). Modelos biometricos aplicados ao melhoramento genetico. Vicosa: Universidade Federal de Vicosa. P 480.

 
 

Daniel OI, Oloyede HT, Adeniji OT, Ojo DK, Adegbite AE (2006). Genetic analysis of earliness and yield in elite parental lines and hybrids of tropical maize (Zea mays L.) J. Genet. Breed. 60:289-296

 
 

Ercan C, Mehmet AA (2005). Combining Ability and Hetetrosis for Grain Yield and Some Yield Components in Pea (Pisum sativum L.). Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 8(10):1447-1452.
Crossref

 
 

Haruna M (2010). Genetic analysis of resistance to pod shattering in soybean (Glycine max. (L.) Merrill). An MSc. Thesis Submitted to the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi. pp. 50-55.

 
 

Helms TC (1994). Greenhouse and field evaluation of pod dehiscence in soybean. Can. J. Plant Sci. 74(4):699-701.
Crossref

 
 

Indu B (2014). Gene Action for Yield and Related Traits in Soybean and Development of Interspecific Hybrids Involving Wild Species. A PhD. Thesis Submitted to the Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar University, India. pp. 82-83.

 
 

Kadams AM, Ugherughe PO, Abakura J.B (1999). Genetic Correlation and Path Coefficient International Analysis of Yield and its Components in Wheat. Nig. J. Trop. Agric. 1:107-114.

 
 

Krisnawati A, Adie MM (2016). Pod shattering resistance in different soybean genotypes. Proceedings of ILETRI National Seminar. ILETRI, IAARD, Malang. [Indonesian].

 
 

Marame F, Desalegne L, Fininsa C, Sagvald R (2009). Genetic analysis for some plant and fruit traits, and its implication for a breeding progeny of hot ppepper. Hereditas 146:131-140.
Crossref

 
 

Nassar MAA (2013). Heterosis and combining ability for yield and its components in some crosses of soybean. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 7(1):566-572.

 
 

Saul EM, Mildred OS, Kassim S, Boris A, Patrick R, Paul G, Wales S, Richard E (2017). Estimates of combining ability and heritability in cowpea genotypes under drought stress and non-stress conditions. J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci. 9(2):10-18.
Crossref

 
 

Shiv D, Sajeela N, Bhadana VP, Sharma PR (2011). Gene action for yield and its components in soybean (Glycine max (L.). Merrill). Int. J. Plant Res. 24(1):89-92.

 
 

Singh RK, Chaudhary BD (1977). Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani Pub., Ludhiana

 
 

Thakare DS, Chimote MP, Deshmukh MP, Bhailume MS, Adsul AT (2017). Inheritance of yield and yield components in Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill.) J. Plant Breed. 8(1):176-181.
Crossref

 

 


APA Umar, F. A., Mohammed, M. S., Oyekunle, M., Usman, I. S., Ishaq, M. N., & Dachi, S. N. (2017). Estimates of combining ability for resistance to pod shattering in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) genotypes. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 9(12), 217-223.
Chicago F. A. Umar, M. S. Mohammed, M. Oyekunle, I. S. Usman, M. N. Ishaq and S. N. Dachi. "Estimates of combining ability for resistance to pod shattering in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) genotypes." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 9, no. 12 (2017): 217-223.
MLA F. A. Umar, et al. "Estimates of combining ability for resistance to pod shattering in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) genotypes." Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 9.12 (2017): 217-223.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPBCS2017.0684
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPBCS/article-abstract/79D49F167151

Subscription Form