Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Subscribe to JPHE
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 670F85B56028

Vol.10(3), pp. 69-76 , March 2018
ISSN: 2141-2316

 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0

Full Length Research Paper

Physical activity levels among Fayoum governorate population (Egypt): Community-based survey

Naglaa A. El-Sherbiny
  • Naglaa A. El-Sherbiny
  • Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Gamma St., Keman Square – Fayoum –Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
Asmaa Younis Elsary
  • Asmaa Younis Elsary
  • Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Gamma St., Keman Square – Fayoum –Egypt.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 12 October 2017  Accepted: 29 January 2018  Published: 31 March 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Physical inactivity is one of the most important public health problems in the 21st century. It plays an active role in the prevention of both non-communicable diseases and premature death. A community-based survey was conducted to assess the level of physical activity among household population and to identify associated demographic factors of physical inactivity. A sample of 5000 households was selected by a multi-stage stratified cluster random sample. A standardized world health organization (WHO) structured questionnaire global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) was used in data collection. About 25.2% of the study population practiced a physical activity less than WHO recommended level for their ages. The study has shown statistically-significant insufficient physical activity level among females (31.3%), adolescent (42.6%), the old (57.1%), housewives (38.8%), and the low-income (32.5%), with a P-value of <0.001. The study concluded that Fayoum community practice physical activity less than recommended level by the WHO especially among females, adolescents, elderly, and the low-income households' population. Further studies should be recommended.

Key words: Physical inactivity, recreational activity, global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ).

Abhinav V, Alexandra K (2014). Physical activity level and its socio-demographic correlates in a peri-urban Nepalese population: a cross-sectional study from the Jhaukhel-Duwakot health demographic surveillance site. Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Activity 11:39.


Al-Hazza HM (2007). Health-enhancing physical activity among Saudi adults using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Publ. Health Nutr. 10(suppl 1):59-64.


Anna M, Petra P, Renate KM, Ulrike T, Timo H (2011). Barriers to physical activity in older adults in Germany: a cross-sectional study. Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Activity 8:121Crossref


Bauman AE, Reis RS, Sallis JF, Wells JC, Loos RJ, Martin BW (2012). Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not? Lancet 380:258-271


Blair SN (2009). Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century. Br. J. Sports Med. 43:1-2.


Center for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) (2014). State indicator report on physical activity. Available at: 



Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) (2013). Demographic and Vital Statistics (Statistics of morbidities) estimation for the year-Egypt. Avalable at: 



Chae HP, Steriani E, Kyo MK (2014). Factors influencing physical activity in older adults. J. Exercise Rehab. 10(1):45-52.


David K (2015). Adult physical inactivity prevalence in the Muslim world: Analysis of 38 countries. Prev. Med. Rep. 2:71-75.


De Moraes AC, Guerra PH, Menezes PR (2013). The worldwide prevalence of insufficient physical activity in adolescents; a systematic review. Nutr Hosp. 28:575-584.


Ford CA, Nonnemaker JM, Wirth KE (2008). The Influence of Adolescent Body Mass Index, Physical Activity, and Tobacco Use on Blood Pressure and Cholesterol in Young Adulthood. J. Adolesc. Health 43(6):576-3.


Gabriela TL, Gisele AN, Juliano PB (2013). Prevalence of insufficient physical activity in adolescents in South Brazil. Br. J. Anthrop. Human Perform. 15(3):286-295.


Gerson LM, Timóteo LA, Luis CO, Victor M, Mauro F (2015). Association between electronic equipment in the bedroom and sedentary lifestyle, physical activity, and body mass index of children. J. Pediatr. 91:6


Gupta R, Sharma KK, Gupta A, Agrawal A, Mohan I, Gupta VP, Khedar RS, Guptha S (2012). Persistent high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the urban middle class in India: Jaipur Heart Watch-5. J. Assoc. Phys. India. 60:11-16.


Hakimi M, Van MH, Juvekar S, Razzaque A, Ashraf A, Ahmed SM, Kanungsukkasem U, Soonthornthada K, Bich TH (2009). Prevalence of physical inactivity in nine rural INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems in five Asian countries. Global Health Action 2:44-53.


Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U (2012). Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet 380:247-257.


Human Development Index Report (2015). Work for Human Development, Countries profile. Egypt Human Development report. Available at: 



King AC, King DK (2017). Physical Activity for an Aging Population. Publ. Health Rev. 32(2):401-426.


Kylasov A, Gavrov S (2011). Diversity Of Sport: non-destructive evaluation. Paris: UNESCO: Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems. pp. 462-491.


Liana H (2008). Physical activity prevalence and barriers to physical activity among Yerevan adult population. Caucasus research resource center.


Oanh TH, Nguyen DN, Michael JD, Philayrath P, Adrian EB (2008). The prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity among adults in Ho Chi Minh City. BMC Public Health 8:204.


Paul M, Donfeng GU, Rachel PW, Jichun C, Wenqi Q, Paul KW, Jiang H (2005). Prevalence of Physical Activity among Chinese Adults: Results from the International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia. Am. J. Public Health 95(9):1631-1636.


Ranjit MA, Rajendra P, Ashok KD, Mohan D, Anil B, Shashank RJ, Prashant PJ, Vinay KD, Paturi VR, Vasudevan S, Radhakrishnan S, Ranjit U, Sri VM, Tanvir K, Viswanathan M (2014). Physical activity and inactivity patterns in India – results from the ICMR-INDIAB study (Phase-1). Int. J. Behav. Nutr Phys. Act. 11:26.


Samuel CD, Marlos RD, Denise PG, Pedro CH, Ana MB, Harold WK (2010). Prevalence and correlates of physical activity among adolescents from Southern Brazil. Revista de Saúde Pública 44(3).


Samuel CD, Pedro CH, Rodrigo SR, Harold WK (2011). Worldwide prevalence of physical inactivity and its association with human development index in 76 countries. Prev. Med. 53:24-28


Saulo VR, Maura MG, Tânia MA, Loiamara BS, Wisla KM (2013). Factors associated with physical activity inleisure fail between elderly Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte 19(3).


Teng YK, Huang JL, Kuo WY, Lin SF, Chia HL, Wei FM, Shin DL, Li CC (2014). Influential Factors of Insufficient Physical Activity among Adolescents with Asthma in Taiwan. PLOS ONE December 31, 2014.


World Health Organization (WHO) (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. World Health Organization, 2010. Available at: 



World Health Organization (WHO) (2016). Diet, Exercise, and Sleep. National Sleep Foundation. Retrieved 20 April 2016. Available at: 



World Health Organization (WHO) (2017). Physical activity fact sheet. Available at: 




APA El-Sherbiny, N. A., & Elsary, A. Y. (2018). Physical activity levels among Fayoum governorate population (Egypt): Community-based survey. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, 10(3), 69-76.
Chicago Naglaa A. El-Sherbiny and Asmaa Younis Elsary. "Physical activity levels among Fayoum governorate population (Egypt): Community-based survey." Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 10, no. 3 (2018): 69-76.
MLA Naglaa A. El-Sherbiny and Asmaa Younis Elsary. "Physical activity levels among Fayoum governorate population (Egypt): Community-based survey." Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 10.3 (2018): 69-76.

Subscription Form