Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
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Article Number - A2243A364381


Vol.9(6), pp. 189-197 , June 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0928
ISSN: 2141-2316



Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste collectors in Yeka Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia



Zerihun Emiru
  • Zerihun Emiru
  • Diseases Prevention and Control, Addis Ababa City Administration Health Bureau Ethiopia.
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Meaza Gezu
  • Meaza Gezu
  • School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
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Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu
  • Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu
  • Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Lemma Dessalegn
  • Lemma Dessalegn
  • Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
  • Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
  • Department of Medical Laboratory, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 28 February 2017  Accepted: 28 March 2017  Published: 30 June 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Respiratory symptoms are frequently manifested among solid waste collectors. They are suffering from respiratory diseases because of frequent exposure to waste materials containing pathogenic materials and chemicals hazards for human being. Cross-sectional study was carried out to assess prevalence of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste workers  in Yeka sub city, Addis Ababa from March to April, 2016. The sub city has a total of 13 woredas. All woredas had different number of unions organized under small scale enterprises. Thirty eight micro and small enterprise unions from all woredas were selected randomly. Study subjects were taken from selected enterprise consecutively. Observational checklist and structured questionnaire were used to collect data associated with respiratory symptoms. Binary logistic regression was performed to identify the risk factors associated with respiratory symptoms; p-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. The overall prevalence of respiratory symptoms among solid waste collectors in Yeka sub city was 40.7%. Multivariate analysis revealed that respiratory symptoms prevalence was 2 times less likely among individuals use facemask on job (adjusted odd ratio [AOR] 2, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-4). The prevalence of respiratory symptom was 2.6 times more likely among individuals having sleeping disorder (AOR 2.6, 95% CI: 1.5-4.42). The prevalence of respiratory symptoms was 4.8 times more likely among study subjects who had past illness (AOR 4.8, 95% CI: 3.2-7.22). Respiratory symptoms among solid waste collectors were high. So, individuals participating in collecting solid west should use facemask, while collecting the wastes, municipal should change working hours and individuals who had history of past illness should get health information during enrollment.

 

Key words: Respiratory symptoms, solid waste, solid waste collectors.

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APA Emiru, Z., Gezu, M., Chichiabellu, T. Y., Dessalegn, L., & Anjulo, A. A. (2017). Assessment of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste collectors in Yeka Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, 9(6), 189-197.
Chicago Zerihun Emiru, Meaza Gezu, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu, Lemma Dessalegn and Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo. "Assessment of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste collectors in Yeka Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia." Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 9, no. 6 (2017): 189-197.
MLA Zerihun Emiru, et al. "Assessment of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste collectors in Yeka Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia." Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 9.6 (2017): 189-197.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPHE2017.0928
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPHE/article-abstract/A2243A364381

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