Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 474

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge, attitude and practice on hand washing and associated factors among public primary schools children in Hosanna town, Southern Ethiopia

Alula Seyum Buda
  • Alula Seyum Buda
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wachemouniversity, Hadiyya, Ethiopia.
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Dejene Ermias Mekengo
  • Dejene Ermias Mekengo
  • Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wachemouniversity, Hadiyya, Ethiopia.
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Terefe Markos Lodebo
  • Terefe Markos Lodebo
  • Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
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Abinet Arega Sadore
  • Abinet Arega Sadore
  • Department of Health education and Behavioural Science, Faculty of Public Health, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
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Bazie Mekonnen
  • Bazie Mekonnen
  • School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 24 November 2017
  •  Accepted: 05 February 2018
  •  Published: 30 June 2018

Abstract

The burden of communicable diseases within developing countries is mainly influenced by poor personal hygiene practices Despite substantial evidence about the effectiveness of hand washing, especially using soap at all critical time, the practice is poor in developing countries including Ethiopia. The problem is not researched well on children who are major risk groups for diarrheal diseases, ARI and other hygiene related problems. To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of hand washing and associated factors among primary school children in Hosanna town, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Institution based cross sectional study was conducted with sample size of 246 students in Girma Bekele primary school in Hosanna town from April 15 -30/2016.Data  was collected using interviewer administered pre tasted structured questionnaires by trained data collectors. From students participated in this study over all 167(69.9%) students have good and 72 (30.1%) have poor knowledge. Knowledge of students in this primary school is affected by grade of student and area of residence with (AOR, 95% CI 9.099(.587-.850) and (AOR.384; 95% CI (.114-.299)) respectively. Regarding the attitude of students 142(59.4%) and 97(40.6%) have good and poor attitude respectively. Overall 172(71.97%) of students have good practice and 67 (28.03%) have poor practice toward hand washing. Majority of the study subjects has adequate knowledge and about more than half of them have positive attitude. Overall practice of HW is good but utilization of soap and HW after toilet visit is low. Maternal educational status, area of residence, age, sex and grade of student are factors that affect KAP of school children toward hand washing with soap.

Key words: Primary school children, hand washing, knowledge, attitude and practice, Ethiopia.