Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
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Article Number - 755A06D41616


Vol.5(11), pp. 183-188 , November 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JPP2013.0291
ISSN: 2141-2502



Full Length Research Paper

In vivo and in vitro antibacterial activities of Momordica charantia on Salmonella typhi and its effect on liver function in typhoid-infected rats


Adeyi, A. O.1*, Jinadu, A. M.2, Arojojoye, O. A.2, Alao, O. O.2, Ighodaro, O. M.2 and Adeyi, O. E.3




1Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

2Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria.

3Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria.


Email: delegenius@yahoo.com






 Accepted: 24 October 2013  Published: 30 November 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Typhoid fever is a disease prevalent in the tropics. In spite of the availability of various therapies, treatment of patients with the disease has been quite challenging in the face of resistance to drugs used. Momordica charantia has been used locally to treat typhoid. This study investigated the antimicrobial potency of methanolic extract of M. charantia leaves on Salmonella typhi in male albino rats (Sprague dawley) and the effects of treatment on liver function. There were 5 groups of 10 rats each. 1 ml aliquot of the 4th dilution of S. typhi was administered orally to rats in four of the groups to be infected with typhoid, while the last group served as the control. Infected groups were thereafter treated with 100 and 200mg/kg of M. charantia and 10mg/kg of chloramphenicol, respectively for seven days, while the remaining group was not treated after infection. The effect of treatment on infection level, body weight and liver enzymes were thereafter investigated. Marked reduction in infection level was observed in all treated rats. Rats treated with 200 mg/kg of the plant extract had total clearance by the sixth day, while significantly lower (p < 0.05) infection level was recorded in rats treated with the plant extract than those treated with the standard drug. Mean body weight of all treated rat groups increased during treatment. Concentrations of total and direct bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) were higher (p < 0.05) in untreated rats than the treated rats. In conclusion, these results suggest that leaf extract of M. charantia is a potent antimicrobial drug against S. typhi with hepatoameliorative potentials.

Key words: Typhoid, Momordica charantia, liver, Salmonella typhi.

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APA (2013). In vivo and in vitro antibacterial activities of Momordica charantia on Salmonella typhi and its effect on liver function in typhoid-infected rats. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, 5(11), 183-188.
Chicago Adeyi, A. O., Jinadu, A. M., Arojojoye, O. A., Alao, O. O., Ighodaro, O. M. and Adeyi, O. E.. "In vivo and in vitro antibacterial activities of Momordica charantia on Salmonella typhi and its effect on liver function in typhoid-infected rats." Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy 5, no. 11 (2013): 183-188.
MLA Adeyi, et al. "In vivo and in vitro antibacterial activities of Momordica charantia on Salmonella typhi and its effect on liver function in typhoid-infected rats." Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy 5.11 (2013): 183-188.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPP2013.0291
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPP/article-abstract/755A06D41616

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