Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels
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Article Number - 767ECB048370


Vol.5(3), pp. 26-30 , October 2014
DOI: 10.5897/JPTAF2014.0109
ISSN: 2360-8560



Review

Simulation and characterization in the refining industry: A review



Sumaya A. Mohamed
  • Sumaya A. Mohamed
  • Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan
  • Google Scholar
Dhallia Mamoun Beshir
  • Dhallia Mamoun Beshir
  • Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan.
  • Google Scholar
Ali A. Rabah
  • Ali A. Rabah
  • University of Khartoum, Sudan
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 28 August 2014  Accepted: 23 October 2014  Published: 31 October 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Oil refining is one of the most complex chemical industries; the objective of refinery operations is to generate as much profit as possible by converting crude oils into valuable products. The current trend toward processing petroleum needs sufficient compositional information to understand the chemistry of reactions that are involved. The objective of the present paper is to review the simulation technologies and characterization techniques which have been used in refining industry. It is found that simulation can be used in crude oil scheduling, predicting wax precipitation, asphaltene deposition, and for fractionation of crude oil based on equilibrium stage relations. The review on characterization methods clearly illustrates that the spectroscopic techniques (IR/FTIR, NMR, NIR); chromatographic techniques; true boiling point; solvent precipitation; refractive index; differential scanning calorimeter and thermogravimetry; and near- infrared region are mostly used in characterizing crude oil.
 
Key words: Simulation, oil refining, crude oil characterization, true boiling point

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APA Mohamed, S. A., Beshir, D. M., & Rabah, A. A. (2014). Simulation and characterization in the refining industry: A review. Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels, 5(3), 26-30.
Chicago Sumaya A. Mohamed, Dhallia Mamoun Beshir and Ali A. Rabah. "Simulation and characterization in the refining industry: A review." Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels 5, no. 3 (2014): 26-30.
MLA Sumaya A. Mohamed, Dhallia Mamoun Beshir and Ali A. Rabah. "Simulation and characterization in the refining industry: A review." Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels 5.3 (2014): 26-30.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPTAF2014.0109
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPTAF/article-abstract/767ECB048370

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