Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
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Article Number - 42F66A047857


Vol.6(10), pp. 151-155 , October 2014
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2014.0162
ISSN: 2141-2510



Full Length Research Paper

Hard Ticks of Camel in Southern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia



Semere Kiros,
  • Semere Kiros,
  • Raya Azebo District Veterinary Clinic, Southern Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Nesibu Awol*,
  • Nesibu Awol*,
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Yisehak Tsegaye
  • Yisehak Tsegaye
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Birhanu Hadush
  • Birhanu Hadush
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 13 July 2014  Accepted: 08 September 2014  Published: 31 October 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This cross-sectional study was carried out in Raya Azebo district with the objective of determining the prevalence and species diversity of hard ticks encountered in camels. During the study period, a total of 384 camels were examined and 96.6% of them were found infested with ticks. A total of 15,723 ticks were collected from half body regions of infected camels during the study period. The average tick burden from half body region of camels was 42.4 ± 19.63. In this study four genera and ten species of hard ticks were identified. The genera identified were Amblyomma (11.11%), Boophilus (1.8%), Hyalomma (23.32%) and Rhipicephalus (61.77%). The tick species identified during the study period were Amblyomma variegatum, Boophilus decolaratus, Amblyomma cohaerence, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Rhipicephalus pulchelis, Amblyomma gemma, Amblyomma lepidum, Hyalomma rufipes, Hyalomma dromedarii and Hyalomma truncatum at a prevalence of 22.9, 16.7, 23.2, 41.5, 92.7, 7.8, 3.4, 47.4, 42.7 and 8.9%, respectively. Further study and appropriate control measures are recommended to improve the health and productivity of camel.

 

Key words: Amblyomma, Boophilus, camel, ectoparasite, Hyalomma, Raya Azebo, Rhipicephalus, tick.

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APA Kiros, S., Awol*, N., Tsegaye, Y., & Hadush, B. (2014). Hard Ticks of Camel in Southern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology, 6(10), 151-155.
Chicago Semere Kiros, Nesibu Awol, Yisehak Tsegaye and Birhanu Hadush. "Hard Ticks of Camel in Southern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia." Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology 6, no. 10 (2014): 151-155.
MLA Semere Kiros, et al. "Hard Ticks of Camel in Southern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia." Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology 6.10 (2014): 151-155.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPVB2014.0162
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPVB/article-abstract/42F66A047857

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