Journal of
Parasitology and Vector Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2510
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPVB
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 153

Full Length Research Paper

The prevalence of intestinal helminthic infections and associated risk factors among school Children in Lumame town, Northwest, Ethiopia

Mengistu Wale
  • Mengistu Wale
  • Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, P. O. Box 30726 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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Melaku Wale
  • Melaku Wale
  • College of Science, Bahar Dar University P. O. Box 26 Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
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Tesfu Fekensa*
  • Tesfu Fekensa*
  • Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, P. O. Box 30726 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 14 June 2014
  •  Accepted: 28 August 2014
  •  Published: 31 October 2014

Abstract

This study was conducted on prevalence of intestinal helminthes infection and their associated risk factors among school children from a rural and a semi urban setting in Lumame town, Northwest, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional parasitological study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of intestinal helminthes infection. A total of 402 students’ stool samples were taken and processed with direct wet mount and formalin ether concentration techniques from December to January 2011/2012. A structured questionnaire was prepared to assess the association of intestinal helminthes infection with socio-demographic and socioeconomic variables. The data collected was analyzed using c2 test and logistic regression (p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant). The overall prevalence rate for at least one intestinal helminthes infection was 54.5%. Of which Ascaris lumbricoides (32.6%) was the dominant followed by hookworm (12.2%); the others were minor cases. High rate infection (A. lumbricoides) was recorded among students who had dirty finger nails, large family, habit of eating undercooked vegetable, walking barefoot, and had no latrine than their respective counterpart. Such relatively high prevalence rate of helminthes infection in the study area could be used as a baseline for the concerned bodies to launch de-worming intervention.

 

Key words: Intestinal helminthes, prevalence, school children, Lumame town.