Journal of
Stored Products and Postharvest Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6567
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSPPR
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 128

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of sesame Sesamum indicum grain storage loss due to Indian Meal Moth Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera) for small scale-farmers in western zone of Tigray, North Ethiopia

Zenawi Gebregergis Gebremichael
  • Zenawi Gebregergis Gebremichael
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Humera Agricultural Research Center P. O. Box 62, Humera, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 26 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 12 January 2017
  •  Published: 28 February 2017

Abstract

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the world’s oldest oil seed crop grown mainly for its seeds. Insect pests are one of the most important factors affecting production and storage of sesame grain affecting both its quality and quantity. In order to assess and determine storage grain loss due to Plodia interpunctella, an assessment was conducted in western zone of Tigray (13°45’ to 14°28’ N latitude and 36°20’ to 37°31’ E longitude) in 2016. Sample of 1 kg sesame grain was taken from 10 small scale’s storage houses in each districts. Collected data analyzed statically with one-way ANOVA. All locations were significantly similar on all parameters. An average weight loss of 17.8% and total percentage loss of 25.2% due to P. interpunctella have been recorded in the surveying areas. P. interpunctella has distributed throughout the sesame producing area of western zone of Tigray and found to be causing substantial grain loss, especially for sesame stored more than a year. Further studies have to be conducted on control strategies of Indian meal moth P. interpunctella.

Key words: Assessment, storage loss, Plodia interpunctella, Sesamum indicum, Western Tigray.