Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
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Article Number - E5453D365646


Vol.8(8), pp. 85-92 , August 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JSPPR2017.0235
ISSN: 2141-6567



Full Length Research Paper

Inventory of farmers’ indigenous innovations for primary processing and storage of selected food legumes in Uganda: Implications to food safety and storage bruchids management



Muhumuza, J. B.
  • Muhumuza, J. B.
  • Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MBAZARDI), National Agricultural Research Organisation, P. O. Box 389, Mbarara, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Muyanja, C.
  • Muyanja, C.
  • Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Muzira, R.
  • Muzira, R.
  • Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MBAZARDI), National Agricultural Research Organisation, P. O. Box 389, Mbarara, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 31 January 2017  Accepted: 24 April 2017  Published: 31 August 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) are among important food legumes in African small scale agricultural systems and livelihoods of many rural poor. High volumes of these food legumes are lost during storage, mostly to a group of beetles called bruchids. To be able to develop safe, sustainable and effective practices of managing storage bruchids, it was critical to first understand farmers’ indigenous innovations of handling food legumes in the selected regions. A household survey was conducted to determine the various indigenous innovations used in postharvest handling of food legumes in purposively selected areas in South-western, Northern, and Eastern regions of Uganda. A total of 468 households were covered and data was collected using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire focusing on major postharvest handling innovations. Results indicated that there were differences in terms of innovations used by farmers in postharvest handling of food legumes across the three study regions. Results also revealed that the targeted legumes were mostly dried on bare ground whereas in other cases were left to dry in the fields. Over 63% of households in Northern region used synthetic pesticides to manage bruchids whereas over 80 and 58% in South-western and Eastern regions used indigenous innovations respectively. The indigenous innovations identified for bruchids management were; wood ash, cowdung ash, goat pellets, pesticidal plants, airtight created conditions, and frequent sun drying of grains. Other innovations reported included use of finely crushed burnt bricks. There was no standard procedure during the use of indigenous innovations among households to achieve consistent protection of storage legume grains against bruchids. The study suggests the need for sustainable and easily adaptable innovations for improved postharvest handling of not only targeted grain legumes but also other food legumes under smallholder farming systems in Uganda.

Key words: Bruchids, innovations, grain legumes, food, nutrition.

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APA Muhumuza, J. B., Muyanja, C. & Muzira, R. (2017). Inventory of farmers’ indigenous innovations for primary processing and storage of selected food legumes in Uganda: Implications to food safety and storage bruchids management. Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research, 8(8), 85-92.
Chicago Muhumuza, J. B., Muyanja, C. and Muzira, R.. "Inventory of farmers’ indigenous innovations for primary processing and storage of selected food legumes in Uganda: Implications to food safety and storage bruchids management." Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research 8, no. 8 (2017): 85-92.
MLA Muhumuza, et al. "Inventory of farmers’ indigenous innovations for primary processing and storage of selected food legumes in Uganda: Implications to food safety and storage bruchids management." Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research 8.8 (2017): 85-92.
   
DOI 10.5897/JSPPR2017.0235
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JSPPR/article-abstract/E5453D365646

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