Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
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Article Number - 36A24FA64028


Vol.9(5), pp. 35-44 , May 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS2017.0385
ISSN: 2006-9820



Full Length Research Paper

Biosorption of heavy metals onto different eco-friendly substrates



Eman M. Fawzy
  • Eman M. Fawzy
  • Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt
  • Google Scholar
Fatma F. Abdel-Motaal
  • Fatma F. Abdel-Motaal
  • Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt
  • Google Scholar
Soad A. El-zayat
  • Soad A. El-zayat
  • Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 26 February 2017  Accepted: 28 March 2017  Published: 31 May 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Fungi play an important role in biosorption of heavy metals in heavily contaminated soil. Five metals-tolerant fungal species were isolated from two different contaminated soil (soils 1 and 2). The number of fungal colonies isolated from the contaminated soil 2 was higher than that of soil 1. The most resistant fungal species for the toxic studied metals (Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn) was Rhizopus stolonifier followed by Macrophomina phaseolina. It was established that the metal toxicity was related to the contamination levels, the physicochemical properties including pH, conductivity, organic matter and carbonate contents of the soils. This study confirmed the good ability of different chemicals (CaCO3, MO, Zeolite and phosphate) and biological fungal substrates (M. phaseolina and R. stolonifier) in bioremediation of polluted soils and reducing different heavy metals levels as compared to the control, especially for fungi. M. phaseolina amendment was superior in reducing the chemically available heavy metals in the studied soils.

 

Key words: Heavy metals, fungal adsorption, soil remediation, amendments, sequential extraction technique.

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APA Fawzy, E. M., Abdel-Motaal, F. F. & El-zayat, S. A. (2017). Biosorption of heavy metals onto different eco-friendly substrates. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences, 9(5), 35-44.
Chicago Eman M. Fawzy, Fatma F. Abdel-Motaal and Soad A. El-zayat. "Biosorption of heavy metals onto different eco-friendly substrates." Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences 9, no. 5 (2017): 35-44.
MLA Eman M. Fawzy, Fatma F. Abdel-Motaal and Soad A. El-zayat. "Biosorption of heavy metals onto different eco-friendly substrates." Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences 9.5 (2017): 35-44.
   
DOI 10.5897/JTEHS2017.0385
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JTEHS/article-abstract/36A24FA64028

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