Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 182

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of biomedical waste in Kogi State University Teaching Hospital, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria

Sawyerr H. O.
  • Sawyerr H. O.
  • Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Health, Allied and Environmental Sciences, College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria.
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Adeolu A. T.*
  • Adeolu A. T.*
  • Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Health, Allied and Environmental Sciences, College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria.
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Salami O. O.
  • Salami O. O.
  • Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, School of Health, Allied and Environmental Sciences, College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria.
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Adejoh P. A.
  • Adejoh P. A.
  • Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Health, Allied and Environmental Sciences, College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 09 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 11 October 2016
  •  Published: 30 April 2017

Abstract

Adequate handling, efficient treatment and effective methods of biomedical waste play a vital role in the hospital infection control programme. Inadequate management of healthcare waste is a serious concern in many developing countries due to the risks posed to human health and environment. This study evaluates the biomedical waste generated at the Kogi State University Teaching Hospital, Anyigba. Seven wards were selected within the health facilities to determine the quantities of waste. The result showed that total waste generated in seven consecutive days was 19.89 kg/week. The average waste generated in seven wards was 2.8 kg/week and average waste generated per day was 0.4 kg/day. The quantity of waste increased as the number of patients and visitors increased. There were non-availability of bags in all the bins used for waste collection, storage and the bins were not colour coded, neither was there segregation of waste in the seven units. The study equally showed that the waste collected from the hospital are subjected to open burning which may affect the health of the workers, patients, visitors and the residents. There should be proper management of healthcare waste which can be improved through employment and retraining of staff, provision of colour coded bins and at least an incinerator for waste treatment before final disposal.

Key words: Biomedical waste, Kogi State University Teaching Hospital, Anyigba, waste generation, waste segregation, waste disposal.