Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 182

Full Length Research Paper

Analysis of the incidence of the deficit of sanitation on the health of the populations in a context of urban growth: Case of the municipalities Yopougon, Abobo and Treichville' (Abidjan, Ivory Coast)

Yapo Toussaint Wolfgang
  • Yapo Toussaint Wolfgang
  • National Institut of Public Health (NIPH), BPV 14, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Amin N’cho Christophe
  • Amin N’cho Christophe
  • National Institut of Public Health (NIPH), BPV 14, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Yapo Ossey Bernard
  • Yapo Ossey Bernard
  • Laboratoire of Sciences Environment, Group of Research in Chemistry Water, Nangui Abrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Mambo Veronique
  • Mambo Veronique
  • Laboratoire of Sciences Environment, Group of Research in Chemistry Water, Nangui Abrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire.
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  •  Received: 06 April 2017
  •  Accepted: 02 June 2017
  •  Published: 30 June 2017

Abstract

The emergence of pathologies and their impacts on the health of the populations were studied in the municipalities of Yopougon, Abobo, and Treichville. This study highlights the conditions of noxious life and the health of the populations. To achieve this, a transverse investigation with the households was conducted on 300 households in 2013. It is concerned with the sources of water supply. It was noticed that 80% of the households from the municipality of Abobo, 90% from Yopougon, and 85% from Treichville use the water from public adduction network. Besides, in these municipalities, the mode of management of waste water is to eliminate the waste through autonomous works, collective works or nature. So in these municipalities, a retrospective study was made on these sanitary data registered in health centers during these years. So, in the municipality of Yopougon, the data of year 2006 produced 124446 cases of malaria, acute respiratory infections and diarrheic diseases. To Treichville, 28547 cases of morbidity were collected during the year 2008. For Abobo, the sanitary data of the year 2008 showed 89280 cases of morbidity. The children of less than 5 years of these municipalities are exposed to a lot of diarrheic diseases; with 56.58% cases in Yopougon, 40.47% in Treichville and 42.03% in Abobo.

Key words: Health of the populations, diarrhea, malaria, acute respiratory infection.