Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
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Article Number - 531CBB665747


Vol.9(9), pp. 250-254 , September 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2015.0421
ISSN: 2141-2529



Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiosis in Gamogoffa Zone, Ouba Debrestahay District, Southern Ethiopia



Migbaru Keffale Bezabih
  • Migbaru Keffale Bezabih
  • Department of Biomedical Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, P. O. Box 38,
  • Google Scholar
Mabure Shille Bisho
  • Mabure Shille Bisho
  • Debre-Tsehay District Agricultural Office, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 24 August 2015  Accepted: 23 November 2015  Published: 30 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This cross-sectional study was conducted in Ouba Debre-Tsehay District, Gamogoffa Zone, Southern Ethiopia from October 2013 to July 2014 with the objectives of estimating the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and to assess the possible risk factors. Blood samples were collected from 384 randomly selected cattle from purposefully selected peasant associations with consideration of different age groups and both sexes. Buffy coat method was employed for parasitological survey and packed cell volume (PCV) determination was done. From the examined animals, 58 (15.1%; 95% CI: 11.7-19.6) were positive for trypanosome infection. In the area, Trypanosome congolense and Trypanosome vivax were the two identified Trypanosoma species with proportion of 60.3 and 27.6% , respectively and 12.1% mixed infection. Trypanosomiasis was observed as 13.8% in males and 15.9% in females out of these, 4.9 (95% CI: 1.0-13.7), 11 (95% CI: 5.8-18.4) and 20.1% (95% CI: 14.9-26.1) were found in animals <1year, between 1 and 3 years and above 3 years of age, respectively. Significant difference was observed between <1 year and >3 years of age (p<0.05). Based on body condition category, 8 (95% CI: 4.7-13.8), 16 (95%CI: 10.2-23.5) and 26.1% (95%CI: 17.3-36.6) were good, medium and poor conditioned animals, respectively and there was a significant association between good and poor condition animals (p<0.05). The recorded overall mean PCV in parasitaemic and aparasitaemic animals was 20.4 and 25.6%, respectively; it significantly varied (t=12.28, p = 0.00). Out of the parasitaemic and aparasitaemic animals, 77.6 and 16.6% were anemic, respectively (with PCV < 24%).

Key words: Cattle, Ouba Debre-Tsehay, prevalence, Trypanosoma, trypanosomosis.

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APA Bezabih, M. K., & Bisho, M. S. (2017). Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiosis in Gamogoffa Zone, Ouba Debrestahay District, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 9(9), 250-254.
Chicago Migbaru Keffale Bezabih and Mabure Shille Bisho. "Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiosis in Gamogoffa Zone, Ouba Debrestahay District, Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9, no. 9 (2017): 250-254.
MLA Migbaru Keffale Bezabih and Mabure Shille Bisho. "Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiosis in Gamogoffa Zone, Ouba Debrestahay District, Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9.9 (2017): 250-254.
   
DOI 10.5897/JVMAH2015.0421
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/531CBB665747

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