Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Subscribe to JVMAH
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 5BA25C665163


Vol.9(8), pp. 186-192 , August 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2016.0523
ISSN: 2141-2529



Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence, gross pathological lesions and financial losses of bovine Fasciolosis in Arba Minch Municipal Abattoir, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia



Mandefrot Meaza
  • Mandefrot Meaza
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Abayneh Keda
  • Abayneh Keda
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Biresaw Serda
  • Biresaw Serda
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Mishamo Sulayman
  • Mishamo Sulayman
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 16 September 2016  Accepted: 28 December 2016  Published: 31 August 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A cross sectional study on bovine fasciolosis was carried out from October 2009 to April 2010 at Arba Minch Municipal abattoir with the aim of determining the prevalence and estimating financial loss. Out of the total 600 cattle examined during the study period, 203 were positive for Fasciola spp. infection with the prevalence rate of 33.83%. Fasciola gigantica was found to be the predominant Fasciola species affecting cattle slaughtered in the study area, 179 (88.18%) of the total livers positive for bovine fasciolosis were infected by F. gigantica, while 15 ( 7.39%) livers had F. hepatica and 9 (4.43) were infected by both species (Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica). From positive livers for the parasite, 44.33, 33.50 and 22.17% of the livers had slight, moderate and severe gross lesions, respectively. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of fasciolosis (P<0.01) among different body conditions and also among different origins. Higher prevalence of the parasite was observed in animals with poor body condition and lowland origin. The total estimated annual financial losses due to fasciolosis in the abattoir during the study period was726,561.5 ETB ($52,649.38 US) of which 49,493.29 ETB ($3,586.47 USD) was due to liver condemnation (direct) and 677,068.21 ETB ($49,062.91 USD) was because of carcass weight loss (indirect). The estimated annual financial loss showed that fasciolosis is an economically important disease in the abattoir. Therefore, there is a need for further detailed studies on the epidemiology of the disease and snail intermediate hosts found in the area and strategic measure should be taken to control the disease.

Key words: Abattoir, Arba Minch, cattle, Ethiopia, Fasciolosis, financial loss, prevalence.

Abebe F, Meharenet B, Mekibib B (2011). Major Fasciolosis infections of cattle slaughtered at Jimma municipality abattoir and the occurrence of the intermediate hosts in selected water bodies of the zone. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 10:1592-1597
Crossref

 

Abunna F, Asfaw L, Megersa B, Regassa, A (2009). Bovine fasciolosis: coprological, abattoir survey and its economic impact due to liver condemnation at Soddo municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 42(2):289-292.
Crossref

 
 

Afera B (2012). Prevalence of bovine fascilosis in municipal Abbatoir of Adigrat, Tigray, Ethiopia. Available at: 

View

 
 

Andrews S (1999).The Life Cycle of Fasciola hepatica. In Fasciolosis, Ed. Dalton, J.P. CABI Publishing. pp:1-29.

 
 

Aragaw K, Negus Y, Denbarga Y, Sheferaw De (2012). Fasciolosis in Slaughtered Cattle in Addis Ababa Abattoir, Ethiopia. Global Vet. 8 (2):115-118.

 
 

Aregay F, Bekele J, Ferede Y, Hailemelekot M (2013). Study on the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in and around Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. Ethiop. Vet. J. 17(1):1-11.
Crossref

 
 

Badreldeen BM, Elfadil AA (2015). A Cross-Sectional Survey of Bovine Fasciolosis at Elkadaro Abattoir, Khartoum State, Sudan. Glob. J. Med. Res. 15(2):1-9.

 
 

Behm C, Sangster N (1999). Pathology, pathophysiology and clinical aspects. In: Dalton, JP ed, Fasciolosis. CABI Publishing. Wallingford. pp: 185-224.

 
 

Belay E, Molla W, Amare A (2012). Prevalence and Economic Losses of Bovine Fasciolosis in Dessie Municipal Abattoir, South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia. Europ. J. Biol. Sci. 4 (2):53-59.

 
 

Centre of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Va. USA. (2013). Available at: 

View

 
 

Chhabra MB, Singla LD (2009) Food-borne parasitic zoonoses in India: Review of recent reports of human infections. J. Vet. Parasitol. 23(2):103-110.

 
 

Daniel F (1995). Economic Importance of organ condemnation due to Fasciolosis and Hydatidosis in Cattle and Sheep slaughtered at Dire Dawa abattoir, DVM, Thesis, FVM, AAU Debre zeit, Ethiopia. pp: 18-26.

 
 

Dubinsky P (1993). Trematody atrematodozy. In: Jurasek V, Dubinsky P, kolektiv A, Vet. Parasitol. Priroda AS, Bratislava. pp:158-187.

 
 

Dwinger RH, Leriche PD, Kuhne GI (1982). Fascioliasis in beef cattle in North Western Argentina. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 14(3):167-171.
Crossref

 
 

Esteban JG, Gonzalez C, Curtale F, Mun˜oz-Antoli C, Valero MA, Bargues MD, El-Sayed M, El Wakeel A, Andel-Wahab Y, Montresor A, Engels D, Savioli L, Mas-Coma S (2003). Hyperendemic fascioliasis associated with schistosomiasis in villages in the Nile Delta of Egypt. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 69:429-437.

 
 

Gamo Goffa Zone Agricultural and Rural Development Office (GZARDO) (2007). Livestock Resource Development and Animal Health Department Annual Report, Arbaminch, Ethiopia.

 
 

Gebretsadik B, Kassahun B, Gebrehiwot T (2009). Prevalence and economic significance of fasciolosis in cattle in Mekelle Area of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41:1503-1504.
Crossref

 
 

Hagos A (2007). Study on prevalence and economic impact of bovine Hydatidosis and Fasciolosis at Mekelle Municipal Abattoir, DVM Thesis, FVM, AAU, Debre zeit, Ethiopia. pp:15-23.

 
 

Hillyer GV, Apt W (1997). Food-borne trematode infections in the Americas. Parasitol. Today 13:87-88.
Crossref

 
 

Ibrahim N, Wasihun P, Tolosa T (2009). Prevalence of Bovines Fasciolosis and Economic Importance due to Liver Condemnation at Kombolcah Industrial Abattoir, Ethioipia. Internet J. Vet. Med. 8(2).

 
 

ILRI (2009). Management of vertisols in Sub-Saharan Africa, Proceedings of a Conference Post-mortem differential parasite counts FAO corporate document Repository.

 
 

International Livestock Center for Africa (ILCA) (1992). Debre Berhan experimental station annual report. P 46.

 
 

Keyyu JD, Kassuku AA, Msalilwa PL, Monrad J, Kyvsgaard CN (2006). Crosssectional prevalence of helminth infections in cattle on traditional, small-scale and large scale dairy farms in Iringa District, Tanzania. Vet. Res. Commun. 30:45-55.
Crossref

 
 

Manyazewal AZ, Gurnesa M, Tesfaye T (2014). Economic Significance of Fasciolosis at Mettu Municipal Abattoir, Southwest, and Ethiopia. J. Adv. Vet. Res. 4(2):53-59.

 
 

Mason C (2004). Fasciolosis associated with metabolic disease in a dairy herd and its effects on health and productivity. Cattle Pract. 12:7-13

 
 

Miheretab B, Tesfay H, Getachew Y (2010). Bovine Fasciolosis: Prevalence and its economic loss due to liver condemnation at Adwa Municipal Abattoir, North Ethiopia. EJAST 1(1):39-47.

 
 

Moje N, Mathewos S, Desissa F, Regassa A (2015). Cross-sectional study on bovine fasciolosis: prevalence, coprological, abattoir survey and financial loss due to liver condemnation at Areka Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 7(1):33-38.
Crossref

 
 

Mulat N, Basaznew B, Mersha C, Achenef M, Tewodros F (2012). Comparison of coprological and postmortem examination techniques for the determination of prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis. J. Adv. Vet. Res. 2:18-23.

 
 

Mulugeta S, Begna F, Tesgaye E (2011). Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis and itsnEconomic Significance in and Around Assela, Ethiopia. Glob. J. Med. Res. 11(3):1-7.

 
 

Mungube EO, Bauni MS, Tenghagen BA, Wamae WL, Nginyi MJ, Mugambi MJ (2006). The Prevalence and Economic Significance of Fasciola gigantica and Stilesia hepatica in Slaughtered Animals in the Semi Arid Coastal Kenya. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 38:475-483.
Crossref

 
 

Nicholson MJ, Butterworth HM (1986). A guide to condition scoring of zebu cattle. International Livestock Center for Africa (ILCA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 
 

Ogunrinade A, Ogunrinade B (1980). Economic importance bovine fasciolosis in Nigeria. Trop. Anim. Health Prod.12(3):155-1590.
Crossref

 
 

Pal M (2007). Zoonoses. (2nd edn.), Satyam Publishers, Jaipur, India

 
 

Petros A, Kebede A, Wolde A (2013). Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in Nekemt Municipal Abattoir. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 5(8):202-205.

 
 

Phiri AM, Phiri IK, Sikasunge CS, Monrad J (2005). Prevalence of fasciolosis in Zambian cattle observed at selected abattoirs with emphasis on age, sex and origin. J. Vet. Med. 52:414-416.
Crossref

 
 

Radostitis OM, Gray CC, Hinchcliff KW, Constable PD (2007). Hepatic disease associated with thrematods. In text book of cattle, horse, pigs and goats. Veterinary Medicine 10th ed. pp:1576-1580.

 
 

Ramato A (1992). Fasciolosis: clinical occurrence, coprological, abattoir and snail survey in Around Wolliso. DVM Thesis, FVM, AAU, Debre Zeit. P 35.

 
 

Regassa A, Woldemariam T, Demisie S, Moje N, Ayana D, Abunna F (2012). Bovine Fasciolosis: Coprological, Abattoir Survey and Financial loss Due to Liver Condemnation in Bishooftu Municipal Abattoir, Central Ethiopia. Europ. J. Biol. Sci. 4:83-90.

 
 

Robertson A (1976). Hand book on animal disease in tropics. pp: 3:304.

 
 

Soulsby EJL (1982). Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals,7th edition. Balliere Tindall, London, UK. pp: 40-52.

 
 

Ssimbwa G, Baluka AS, Ocaido M (2014). Prevalence and financial losses associated with bovine fasciolosis at Lyantonde Town abattoir. Livest. Res. Rural Dev. 26(9) Available at: 

View

 
 

Taylor AM, Coop LR, Wall LR (2007). Veterinary Parasitology, 3rd Edition, UK, Wiley-Blackwell prublisher. pp:343-345.

 
 

Terefe D, Wondimu A, Dechasa GF (2012). Prevalence, gross pathological lesions and economic losses of bovine fasciolosis at Jimma Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 4:6-11.

 
 

Thrustfield M (1995). Veterinary epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Black well Science. 2:180-188.

 
 

Tolosa T, Tigre W (2007). The prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis at Jimma abattoir, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med.3(2):1-5.

 
 

Troncy PM (1989). Helminthes of livestock and poultry in Tropical Africa. In: Fischer (ed.), Manual of Tropical Veterinary Parasitology. CAB International, UK. pp. 63-73.

 
 

Urquhart GMS, Armour JL, Dunn AM, Jennings FW, Duncan JL (1996). Veterinary Parasitology 2ed. Blackwell Science, London. pp: 87-185.

 
 

Yilma JM, Mesifin A (2000). Dry season bovine fasciolosis in Northwestern part of Ethiopia. Rev. Med. Vet. 151:493-5050

 
 

Yusuf M, Ibrahim N, Tafese W, Deneke Y (2016). Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis in Municipal Abattoir of Haramaya, Ethiopia. Food Sci. Quality Manag. 48:38-43.

 
 

Zegeye Y (2003). Challenges and opportunities of livestock marketing in Ethiopia. In: Proc. of the 10th annual conference of Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 47-54

 

 


APA Meaza, M., Keda, A., Serda, B., & Sulayman, M. (2017). Prevalence, gross pathological lesions and financial losses of bovine Fasciolosis in Arba Minch Municipal Abattoir, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 9(8), 186-192.
Chicago Mandefrot Meaza, Abayneh Keda, Biresaw Serda and Mishamo Sulayman. "Prevalence, gross pathological lesions and financial losses of bovine Fasciolosis in Arba Minch Municipal Abattoir, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9, no. 8 (2017): 186-192.
MLA M, et al. "Prevalence, gross pathological lesions and financial losses of bovine Fasciolosis in Arba Minch Municipal Abattoir, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9.8 (2017): 186-192.
   
DOI 10.5897/JVMAH2016.0523
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/5BA25C665163

Subscription Form