Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 325

Full Length Research Paper

A study on gross and histopathological pulmonary lesions of cattle slaughtered at Abergelle Abattoir, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

Kidane Workelul Yalew
  • Kidane Workelul Yalew
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary, Mekelle University, Kelamino, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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Nesibu Awol
  • Nesibu Awol
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.
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Yishak Tsegay
  • Yishak Tsegay
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary, Mekelle University, Kelamino, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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Haftay Abraha
  • Haftay Abraha
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary, Mekelle University, Kelamino, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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Hailesilassie W/mariam
  • Hailesilassie W/mariam
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary, Mekelle University, Kelamino, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 12 February 2018
  •  Accepted: 18 April 2018
  •  Published: 30 June 2018

Abstract

Animals in sub-Saharan African countries are used as source of milk, meat, hides and skin where animal diseases are one of the primary constraints in increasing the productivity of food animals. Studies were conducted to examine various respiratory problems of cattle with purpose of identifying the gross and histopathological lesions in lungs of slaughtered cattle at Abergelle Export Abattoir from April 2015 to June 2015 Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia. A total of 240 lungs of cattle originating from different parts of Tigray regions were examined and as many as 208 lung samples with gross pulmonary lesions were collected for further confirmatory histopathological study. The prevalence of pulmonary lesions of cattle in this study was 86.6% (n=208). The case of pneumonia was found to be highest followed by lung emphysema and congestion besides cases of oedema, hydatidosis, abscess and atelectasis. These results indicated that respiratory problem is still a major health problem in cattle production.

Key words: Lung, pneumonia, pulmonary lesion, Ethiopia.