Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
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Article Number - E78E99C66286


Vol.9(11), pp. 300-312 , November 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH2017.0617
ISSN: 2141-2529



Full Length Research Paper

Health and welfare status of donkeys in and around Hawassa Town, Southern Ethiopia



Agegnehu Ashinde
  • Agegnehu Ashinde
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, P. O. Box. 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Abebaw Gashaw
  • Abebaw Gashaw
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, P. O. Box. 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Nejash Abdela
  • Nejash Abdela
  • School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, P. O. Box. 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 30 June 2017  Accepted: 26 July 2017  Published: 30 November 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objective of assessing the welfare situation and identifying major health problem of donkeys in association with risk factors identification using physical examination and questionnaire survey in and around Hawassa town, Southern Ethiopia. Three hundred and eighty four donkeys were physically examined for health related and management problems and three hundred and eighty four donkey owners and cart drivers were interviewed for awareness and welfare assessment in the study area. Out of the total 384 donkeys, the prevalence of wound, lameness, skin problem, other illness signs, eye problem, dental problem and change on visible mucous membrane were found in 47.7, 38.8 36.2, 14.3, 9.4, 7.6 and 6.3%, respectively. Statistically significant (p<0.05) association was observed between the occurrence of wound and age, type of work, duration of work and body condition of the study animals. The prevalence of wound in old age groups, poor body conditioned animals, donkeys that transport construction material and those working for more than 10 h were 76.6, 74.6, 71.2 and 93.8%, respectively. Furthermore, the welfare problems association with donkey users’ ownership status, age, and educational status were assessed and 51.3% of cart drivers’ owners, 47.1% young drivers and 62.2% had educational status under grade four and have little experience on handling working donkeys. Out of 384 respondents, 63.2% were not aware of common animal welfare freedoms. The health and welfare problems of cart pulling donkeys in the study area were created and complicated with multiple influential factors. The whole community should participate on awareness creation, introduction of improved design of harnesses and carts, also training on animal welfare to owners should be given to reduce health and welfare problems on donkeys.

Key words: Donkeys, health problems, risk factors, welfare, wound.

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APA Ashinde, A., Gashaw, A., & Abdela, N. (2017). Health and welfare status of donkeys in and around Hawassa Town, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 9(11), 300-312.
Chicago Agegnehu Ashinde, Abebaw Gashaw and Nejash Abdela. "Health and welfare status of donkeys in and around Hawassa Town, Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9, no. 11 (2017): 300-312.
MLA Agegnehu Ashinde, Abebaw Gashaw and Nejash Abdela. "Health and welfare status of donkeys in and around Hawassa Town, Southern Ethiopia." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 9.11 (2017): 300-312.
   
DOI 10.5897/JVMAH2017.0617
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JVMAH/article-abstract/E78E99C66286

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