Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Subscribe to JYFR
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 6F33E6359150

Vol.7(4), pp. 28-38 , May 2016
ISSN: 2141-2413

 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnomycology of Termitomyces R. Heim in Nepal

Hari Prasad Aryal
  • Hari Prasad Aryal
  • Bhairahawa Multiple Campus, Siddarthanagar, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar
Usha Budathoki
  • Usha Budathoki
  • Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 16 April 2015  Accepted: 22 April 2016  Published: 31 May 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Study on the consumption and uses of edible fungi by selected ethnic tribes/groups in selected geographical regions in Nepal is lacking. This paper highlights the various ways of using Termitomyces spp. in Tarai, Siwalik and Midhill in Nepal. The investigation was conducted before, during and after monsoon, from 2010 to 2012. Data were obtained by interacting with members of the ethnic groups used in this study, as well as interviews. It was found that there were nineteen termitomyces taxa, used as food and medicine.

Key words: Distribution, fungi, nutrients, taxonomy.


Adejumo TO, Awosanya OB (2005). Proximate and mineral composition of four edible mushrooms species from south western Nigeria. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 4(10):1084-1088.


Adhikari MK (2000). Mushrooms of Nepal. P.N. Printers, Battisputali, Kathmandu, Nepal, 236 p.


Aryal HP (2015). Termitomyces R. Heim (Tricholomataceae) in Nepal: Diversity, Nutrients and Growth. A Doctorate thesis Submitted to the Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Nepal.


Aryal HP, Budhathoki U (2014). Ethnomycology of Termitomyces spp. R. Heim for its medicinal importance in Nepal. Int. J. Med. Plants 6(2):128-137.


Aryal HP, Budhathoki U (2015). New Records of Termite's mushroom from Nepal. J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 45(2):182-188.


Aryal HP, Ghimire SR, Budhathoki U (2016). Termitomyces: New to the Science. J. Plant Sci. Res. 3(1):150.


Bels PJ, Pataragetvit S (1982). Edible mushrooms in Thailand cultivated by Termites. Chinese University Press, Hong Kong.


Bother WJ, Eicker A (1992). Nutritional values of Termitomyces mycelial protein and growth of mycelium on natural substrate. Mycol. Res. 96(5):350-354.


Chaube HS (1995). Nutritional and Medicinal Value of Mushroom Production Technology, University of Agriculture and Technology, India, pp. 1-6.


Elliott JM (1971). Some methods for the statistical analysis of samples of benthic invertebrates. Sci. Publ. 25. Freshwater Biological Association, Ambleside, Westmorland, UK, 144 p.


Freudenberg KS (2011). A Manual for CRS Field Workers and Partner. Maryland, USA.


Harkonen MTN, Mwasumbi L (2003). Tanzanian Mushrooms. Edible, harmful and other fungi. Botanical Museum Finnish Museum of Natural History.


Heim R (1942a). Novelles etudes descriptives sur les agaris termitophiles d'Afrique tropicale. Archives de Muse'um National d'Historie 6(18):1-60.


Heim R (1942b). Les champignons des termitieres. Nouveaux aspects d'un problem de biologie et de systematique generales. Rev. Sci. 3205:69-86.


Heim R (1942c). Nouvelles etudes descriptive sur les Agarics termitophiles d'Afrique tropicale. Archives du Muse'um National d'Histoire Naturelle 6(18):107-166.


Heim R (1977). Termites et Champignons. Les termitophiles d'Afrique Noire at d'asie Meridionale. Paris, France: Societe Novelle des Edition. Boubee 11, Place Saint-Michel. Paris-6.


Jiskani MM (2001). Energy potential of mushrooms. The DAWN Economic and Business, Review, Oct. 15-21, 2001. P. IV.


Khowala S, Ghosh AK, Sengupta S (1992). Saccharification of xylan by an amyloglucosidase of Termitomyces clypeatus and synergism in the presence of xylanase. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 37:287-292.


Khan MA, Tania M, Lui R, Rahman MM (2013). Hericium erinaceus: an edible mushroom with medicinal values. J. Complement. Integr. Med. 10(1):1-6.


Manning K (1995). Food value and chemical composition. The biological and Technology of cultivated mushrooms. John Wiley and Sons, New York.


Ogundana SK, Fagade O (1981). The nutritive value of some Nigerian edible mushrooms. In. Mushroom Science XI, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Scientific Congress on the Cultivation of Edible Fungi, Australia. pp.123-131.


Singer R (1986). The Agaricales in modern taxonomy (4th edition), Bishen Singh and Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun. 981p.


Singh SC, Shrestha R (1986). Two New Records of Fungi for Nepal. Himalayan Res. Dev. 5:71-72.


Spores A Field (2011). The Newsletter of the Colorado Mycological Society.


Tibuhwa DD (2012). Antiradical and antioxidant activities of methanolic extracts of Indigenous termitarian mushroom from Tanzania. Food Sci. Qual. Manage. 7:13-23.


Turnbull E, Watling R (1999). Some records of Termitomyces from old world rain forests. Kew Bull. pp.731-738.



APA Aryal, H. P., & Budathoki, U. (2016). Ethnomycology of Termitomyces R. Heim in Nepal. Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research , 7(4), 28-38.
Chicago Hari Prasad Aryal and Usha Budathoki. "Ethnomycology of Termitomyces R. Heim in Nepal." Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research 7, no. 4 (2016): 28-38.
MLA Hari Prasad Aryal and Usha Budathoki. "Ethnomycology of Termitomyces R. Heim in Nepal." Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research 7.4 (2016): 28-38.

Subscription Form