Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Subscribe to JYFR
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - A2AD9E310086


Vol.4(7), pp. 84-91 , September 2013
https://doi.org/10.5897/JYFR2013.0122
ISSN: 2141-2413


 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0

Full Length Research Paper

Role of some micromycetes in biosorption of heavy metals in different polluted water samples


Syeda Bint E. Zahira* and Abdul Nasir Khalid




Department of Botany, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.


Email: [email protected]






 Accepted: 30 August 2013  Published: 30 September 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


In this study, heavy metal biosorption potential of indigenous micromycetes was determined. Water samples were collected from different waste water points, chemical industry and tanneries effluents. Indigenous mycoflora was isolated on 2% MEA medium and purified for biomass production. Selected water samples were exposed to UV radiation to kill microbial life in them. Isolated biomass was added to respective water sample for biosorption study. Residual metal concentration was analyzed after 15 and 30 days of fungal inoculation using ICO-ES (Inductively Coupled Optical- Emission Spectrophotometer). Results obtained show that the indigenous micromycetes are significantly efficient in heavy metal biosorption. Concentration of Cr, Cd, Pb and Co reduced to 90-100, >90, 95-100 and 90-100%, respectively. While the concentration of Na and K reduced to 59-90 and 54-83%, respectively, in all water samples. Our findings show that micromycetes present in polluted water are helpful in uptake of heavy metal and can be used for water pollution remediation.

 

Key words:  Biosorption, heavy metals, industrial effluent, micromycetes.

Abou-Shanab RAI, Berkum P, Angle JS (2007). Heavy metal resistance and genotypic analysis of metal resistance genes in Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria present in Ni-rich serpentine soil and in the rhizosphere of Alyssum murale. Chemosphere 68:360-367.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.12.051
 
Andleeb S, Atiq N, Ali MI, Razi-Ul-Hussnain R, Shafique M, Ahmad B, Ghumro PB, Hussain M, Hameed A, Ahmad S (2010). Biological treatment of textile effluent in stirred tank bioreactor. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 12:256-260
 
Bai RS, Abraham TE (2001). Biosorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution by Rhizopus nigrican. Biores tech 79(1):73.
 
Barros LM, Macedo GR, Duarte ML, Silva EP, Lobato AKCL (2003). Biosorption of Cd using the fungus A. niger. Braz J. Chem. Eng. 20: 229-239.
 
Bashar H, Margaritis A, Berutti F, Maurice B (2003). Kinetics and Equilibrium of Cadmium Biosorption by Yeast Cells S. cerevisiae and K. Fragilis. Int. J. Chem. Reactor. Eng. 1:1-16.
 
Benito B, Garciadeblás B, Schreier P, Rodríguez-Navarro A (2004). Novel P-Type ATPases Mediate High-Affinity Potassium or Sodium Uptake in Fungi. Eukaryotic Cell. 3(2):359-368.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/EC.3.2.359-368.2004
 
Córdova FJC, León AMG, Reyes RBG, González MTG, Regalado TS, González MNS, López IQ (2011). Response surface methodology for lead biosorption on Aspergillus terreus. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 8 (4):695-704.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03326254
 
Crist RH, Oberholser K, Shank K, Nguyen M (1981). Nature of bonding between metallic ions and algal cell walls. Environ. Sci. Technol. 15:1212-1217.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es00092a010
 
Filipović-Kovačević Z, Sipos L, Briški F (2000). Biosorption of chromium, copper, nickel and zinc ions onto fungal pellets of Aspergillus niger 405 from aqueous solutions. Food Tech. Biotechnol. 38(3):69-74.
 
Gadd GM (1990). Fungi and Yeast metal accumulation, in microbial mineral recovery, H L Ehrlich and C L Brierley, Mc. Graw-Hill book Co., New York. p. 249.
 
Gong R, Dingh LY, Chen Q (2005). Lead biosorption and desorption by intact and pretreated Spirulina maxima biomass. Chemosphere. 58:125-130.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.08.055
 
Gourdon R, Bhande S, Rus E, Sofer SS (1990). Comparison of Cadmium biosorption by Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria from activated sludge. Biotechnol. Lett. 12(1):839-842.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01022606
 
Gupta R, Ahuja P, Khan S, Saxena RK, Mahapatra H (2000). Microbial Biosorbents: Meeting challenges of heavy metal pollution in aqueous solutions. Curr. Sci. 78:967-973.
 
Haluk C, Ulki Y (2001). Biosorption of Ni(II) and Pb(II) by Phanerochaete chrysosporium from a binary metal system kinetics. Water SA. 27:15-20.
 
Hayat S, Ahmad I, Azam ZM, Ahmad A, Inam A, Samiulluah (2002). Effect of long term application of oil refinery wastewater on soil health wiyh special reference to microbial characteristics. Biores Tech. 84:159.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00027-5
 
Hussein H, Farag S, Moawad H (2003). Isolation and characterisation of Pseudomonas resistant to heavy metals contaminants. Arab J. Biotechnol. 7:13-22.
 
Kapoor A, Viraraghavan T (1995). Fungal biosorption - An alternative treatment option for heavy metal bearing wastewaters: A review. Biores. Technol. 53:195-206.
 
Limin D, Juan D, Xin B, Naili Y, Chunhui F, Ying Z (2009). Mechanism of Pb(ll) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Env. Sci. Info. Appl. Technol. pp. 712-715.
 
Mala SJG, Unni Nair B & Puvanakrishnan R (2006). Bioaccumulation and biosorption of chromium by Aspergillus niger MTCC 2594. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 52(3):179-86.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2323/jgam.52.179
 
Mogollon L, Rodrbufz R, Larrota W, Ramirfz N, Torres R (1998). Biosorption of Nickel Using Filamentous Fungi, Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 70:593-601.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02920171
 
Narvekar S, Vaidya VK (2009). Role of functional groups on Aspergillus niger biomass in the detoxification of hexavalent chromium. J. Environ. Sci. Eng. 51(4):233-228.
 
Ozer A, Ozer D (2003). Comparative study of the biosorption of Pb(II), Ni(II) and Cr(VI) ions onto S. cerevisiae: determination of biosorption heats. J. Hazard. Mat. 100:219-229.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3894(03)00109-2
 
Pal A, Ghosh S, Paul AK (2006). Biosorption of cobalt by fungi from serpentine soil of Andaman. Bioresource Technology. 97:1253-1258.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.01.043
 
Pal TK, Bhattacharyya S, Basumajumdar A (2010). Cellular distribution of bioaccumulated toxic heavy metals in Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus arrhizus. Int. J. Pharm. Biol. Sci. 1(2):1-6.
 
Parvathi K, Ramachandramurthy N & Radhakrishnan N (2007). Lead biosorption onto waste beer yeast by-product, a means to decontaminate effluent generated from battery manufacturing industry. Elect. J. Biotech. 10:156-162.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2225/vol10-issue1-fulltext-13
 
Patra M, Bhowmik N, Bandopadhyay B, Sharma A (2004). Comparison of mercury, lead and arsenic with respect to genotoxic effects on plant systems and the development of genetic tolerance. Environ. Exp. Bot. 52:199-223.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2004.02.009
 
Prasenjit B, Sumathi S (2005). Uptake of chromium by Aspergillus foetidus. J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manage. 7: 88-92.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10163-005-0131-8
 
Purvis OW, Halls C (1996). A review of lichens in metal-enriched environments. Lichenologist. 28:571-601.
 
Rama Rao VSKV, Akhtar N, Mohan MP (1997). Isolation of a cadmium tolerant Curvularia spp. from polluted effluent. Curr Sci. 73(5):453.
 
Say R, Denizli A, Yakup AM (2001). Biosorption of cadmium(II), lead(II) and copper(II) with the filamentous fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Bioresour. Technol. 76:67-70.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(00)00071-7
 
Shankar C, Sridevi D, Joonhong P, Dexilin M, Thamaraiselvi K (2007).Biosorption of chromium and nickel by heavy metal resistant fungal and bacterial isolates. J. Hazard. Mater. 146: 270-277.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.12.017
 
Srivastava S, Thakur IS (2006). Biosorption potency of Aspergillus niger for removal of chromium (VI). Curr Microbiol. 53(3):232-237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-006-0103-9
 
Steel RGD, Torrie JH (1980). Principal and procedure of Statistical, 2nd Edition.McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc.New York. pp. 232-249.
 
Veglio F, Beolchini F (1997). Removal of metals by biosorption: a review. Hydrometallurgy. 44:301-316.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-386X(96)00059-X
 
Volesky B, Holan ZR (1995). Biosorption of heavy metals. Biotechnol. Prog. 11:235-250.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bp00033a001
 
Volesky B, Kuyucak N (1989). The mechanism of cobalt biosorption. Biotechnol Bioeng 33(7):823-831.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.260330705
 
Yan G, Viraraghavan T (2000). Effect of pretreatment on the bioadsorption of heavy metals on Mucor rouxii. Water SA. 26: 119-123.
 
Zafar S, Aqil F, Ahmad I (2007). Metal tolerance and biosorption potential of filamentous fungi isolated from metal contaminated agricultural soil. Bioresource Technology. 98:2557-2561.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.09.051
 
Zhou JI (1999). Zn biosorption by Rhizopus arrhizus and other fungi, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 51:686-693.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002530051453

 


APA (2013). Role of some micromycetes in biosorption of heavy metals in different polluted water samples. Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research , 4(7), 84-91.
Chicago Syeda Bint E. Zahira and Abdul Nasir Khalid. "Role of some micromycetes in biosorption of heavy metals in different polluted water samples." Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research 4, no. 7 (2013): 84-91.
MLA Syeda Bint E. Zahira and Abdul Nasir Khalid. "Role of some micromycetes in biosorption of heavy metals in different polluted water samples." Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research 4.7 (2013): 84-91.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JYFR2013.0122
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JYFR/article-abstract/A2AD9E310086

Subscription Form