Nigerian Journal of
Medical Imaging and Radiation Therapy

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE NIGERIAN INSTITUTE OF RADIOGRAPHY
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 15497-8613
  • DOI: 10.5897/NJMIRT
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 46

A review of radiation protection in North Eastern Nigeria: Does paediatric radiography get the required attention?

Nkubli BF
  • Nkubli BF
  • Department of Medical Radiography, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
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Moi SA
  • Moi SA
  • Department of Medical Radiography, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Nwobi IC
  • Nwobi IC
  • Department of Medical Radiography, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
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Nzotta CC
  • Nzotta CC
  • Department of Radiography and Radiological Sciences, Faculty of Health Science and Technology, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.
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  • Article Number - 02D1F6155297
  • Vol.5(1), pp. 6-10, October 2016
  •  Received: 01 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 01 October 2016
  •  Published: 31 October 2016

Abstract

Background: Research in paediatric radiography in Nigeria, particularly as it relates to paediatric radiation protection has been a neglected area. This is further complicated by the fact that paediatric patients do not have a voice of their own.

Objective of Study: To assess the status of radiation proctection among paedatrics.

Methods: An extensive search of the literature was conducted on Google, Google Scholar, Mendeley, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Radiation Protection of Patients (RPoP) website and the alliance for radiation safety and image gently websites to gain an in-depth and up-to-date information on the subject. Terms such as paediatric radiography, paediatric radiology, and radiation protection were used in the search. There was no restriction on date and source of articles but emphasis was laid on publications from Nigeria and other developing countries.

Results: Current evidence from relevant literature search shows that the collective global effort is towards strengthening radiation protection in medicine worldwide with specific interest in paediatric patients. The situation in most developing countries especially in crisis prone areas like North Eastern Nigeria is still far from global reality.

Conclusion: Paediatric radiation protection in North Eastern Nigeria has not been given the attention it deserves. This is evidenced by the paucity of literature on the subject and apparent lack of dedicated paediatric radiography units and specialized training.

Keywords: paediatric radiography, paediatric radiology, radiation protection.