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Article Number - 380D3C114211


Vol.3(2), pp. 061-065 , February 2008

ISSN: 1992-2248



Full Length Research Paper

Impact assessment of water scarcity at Somntongo in the lowveld region of Swaziland


Yahaya Mijinyawa1* and Stanley S’manga Dlamini2




 

1Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

2Department of Land Use and Mechanization, University of Swaziland, Luyengo Campus, Swaziland.


Email: mijin1957@yahoo.com






 Accepted: 04 January 2008  Published: 29 February 2008

Copyright © 2008 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


 

A survey was conducted to assess the impact of water scarcity in Somntongo, in the lowveld region of Swaziland. The study adopted the use of questionnaire, interview schedules and focused group discussions. Information sought included sources of water, distances between water sources and places of residence, and the effect of water scarcity on the various aspects of human activities. The study revealed that only two rivers and five boreholes were the major sources of water while distances of as much as 5 – 20 km were covered in search of water. In about 82% of the homesteads, the water use was about 3.3 litres/head/day and 2.3 litres/livestock/day. These are quite low compared to the minimum standards of 25 litres/head/day, and between 25 and 35 litres/livestock/day. Water scarcity has resulted in the death of livestocks; some cultivated crops have withered while others are not cultivated for lack of irrigation water. In some instances, schools have temporarily been closed due to water shortages. Construction of more boreholes and dams can reduce the water scarcity and promote the standard of living in the community.

 

Key words: Swaziland, water, scarcity, harvesting, irrigation, agriculture.


APA (2008). Impact assessment of water scarcity at Somntongo in the lowveld region of Swaziland. Scientific Research and Essays, 3(2), 061-065.
Chicago Yahaya Mijinyawa and Stanley S’manga Dlamini. "Impact assessment of water scarcity at Somntongo in the lowveld region of Swaziland." Scientific Research and Essays 3, no. 2 (2008): 061-065.
MLA Yahaya Mijinyawa and Stanley S’manga Dlamini. "Impact assessment of water scarcity at Somntongo in the lowveld region of Swaziland." Scientific Research and Essays 3.2 (2008): 061-065.
   
DOI
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/SRE/article-abstract/380D3C114211

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