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Article Number - F70B56451271

Vol.10(5), pp. 177-183 , March 2015
ISSN: 1992-2248

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Full Length Research Paper

Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of crude water extract of the stem bark of Ficus glumosa.

H. A. Kwazo1, U. Z. Faruq2*, S. M. Dangoggo2, B. S. Malami3 and D. O. Moronkola

1Department of Chemistry Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria.

2Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria.

3Department of Animal Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria.

4Department of Chemical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria.

Email: [email protected]

 Received: 03 December 2013  Accepted: 03 July 2014  Published: 15 March 2015

Copyright © 2015 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Water and methanol extracts of the stem bark of Ficus glumosa were screened for their antimicrobial properties against Salmonella species. Preliminary results showed that the active compound was in the water extract. Therefore, the water extracts (hot and cold) were subjected to column chromatographic fractions and antibacterial screening. The most active fraction was subjected to phytochemical screening and finally Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrography (GC/MS) analysis. The result indicated that the most active fraction was the 3rd hot water extract and its GC/MS analysis was narrowed down to  3,3’-(4-methyl-1,3-phenylene)bis(1-heptylurea), isothujol and Terbuthyl azine. 
Key words: Phytochemical screening, Ficus glumosa, column chromatography and antimicrobial activity.

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APA Kwazo, H. A., Faruq, U. Z., Dangoggo, S. M., Malami, B. S., & Moronkola, D. O. (2015). Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of crude water extract of the stem bark of Ficus glumosa.. Scientific Research and Essays, 10(5), 177-183.
Chicago H. A. Kwazo, U. Z. Faruq, S. M. Dangoggo, B. S. Malami and D. O. Moronkola. "Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of crude water extract of the stem bark of Ficus glumosa.." Scientific Research and Essays 10, no. 5 (2015): 177-183.
MLA H. A. Kwazo, et al. "Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of crude water extract of the stem bark of Ficus glumosa.." Scientific Research and Essays 10.5 (2015): 177-183.

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