Proceedings

 

Articles

11th Annual National Conference of the Association for Encouraging Quality Education in Nigeria

Concentration level of phosphate and nitrate in Ikpoba River of Edo State, Nigeria

Water is vital to the existence of all living organisms, but its value is increasingly being threatened as human populations grow and demand more water of high quality for various activities. This has led to water deterioration in quality and quantity for consumption by humans and has also impacted in the aquatic ecosystem. The aim of this paper is to access the vulnerability of Ikpoba River to eutrophication through...

Author(s): Omoruyi C. I. and Oghuvwu P. O.

  • Proceeding Number: 7E01D2

11th Egerton University International Conference and innovation Week

Promising environmental education practices at primary schools: Study reflections from Geography primary teachers and pupils

Environmental education continues to be a crucial component of curricula at all levels of education. Waste management remains a serious challenge in our communities and schools, which must be addressed in school and in extra curricula activities in order to reduce waste accumulation and its undesirable effect on human life. This paper describes a study that tested a model to stimulate the teaching and learning of...

Author(s): Johaiven Kashaigili and Kalafunja Mlang’a Osaki

  • Proceeding Number: B2CCF2

10th Egerton University International Conference and Research Week

Prediction modelling of academic performance with logistic regression: A case of rural primary school students in Kenya

Every year, when the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE) examination results are released, the same story of mass failure in rural schools is repeated. Academic performance prediction modelling could provide an opportunity for learners' outcomes to be known early, before they sit for final examinations. This would be particularly useful for education stakeholders to initiate intervention measures to help...

Author(s): Mvurya Mgala and Audrey Mbogho

  • Proceeding Number: A82C94

2nd International Conference on Strategies and Implication for Education and Technological Advancement

Heavy metals concentrations in roadside soil collected from various points along three major roads in Benin City

Road construction materials and vehicular emissions have been found to constitute the major sources of soil and air pollution. This study attempts to investigate the influence of road furniture and vehicular emissions on the accumulation of heavy metal in some of the roadside soil of Benin City, Edo State. The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of heavy metals such as Zn, Pb, Mn, Cr, Cd, Cu, and...

Author(s): Oghuvwu P. O.  

  • Proceeding Number: 0CD0E6

11th Egerton University International Conference and innovation Week

Label-free surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic detection of HIV-1 infection in blood and plasma adsorbed on conductive silver pasted glass substrate

This study reports on application of conductive silver paste smeared glass slides as Raman spectroscopy sample substrates for label-free detection of HIV-1 p24 antigen in blood plasma. It showed that the same substrates can be applied in Raman spectroscopic screening of blood plasma for presence of HIV. The characteristic Raman spectrum of HIV-1 p24 antigen displayed prominent bands that were assigned to Ribonucleic...

Author(s): Ben Otange, Zephania Birech, Ronald Rop and Julius Oyugi  

  • Proceeding Number: ABC268

1st International Conference Nigeria Statistical Society

A sensitive survey model for HIV seroprevalence research

Sensitive questions like HIV status may cause biased estimation of unknown population parameters as well as increase in the variance of the estimates due to evasive responses. The randomized response techniques (RRT) can be used to avoid the concealment of information or evasive answers. The RRT guarantees the anonymity of respondents in surveys aimed at determining the frequency of stigmatic, embarrassing or criminal...

Author(s): Aliyu Usman, Muhammed Baba and Saddam Damisa  

  • Proceeding Number: DA0A410

WANNPRES Conference 2018

Effects of aqueous extract of kuding leaves on cyanide-induced toxicity and packed cell volume (PCV)

Cyanide poisoning occurs when a living organism is exposed to a compound that produces cyanide ions (CN−) when dissolved in water. Kuding leaves are Chinese leaves used for weight control. Aqueous extract of kuding leaves was assessed for its effect on cyanide-induced toxicity and packed cell volume (PCV) in Wistar rats. Group A was administered 1% Tween-80 at 5 ml/kg. Group B was not induced but received 400...

Author(s): Obiajulu Christian Ezeigwe, Christopher Onyemeziri Alisa and Josephine Ezekwesili-Ofili

  • Proceeding Number: 3518D12

1st International Conference Nigeria Statistical Society

Fitting of seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average to the Nigerian stock exchange trading activities

This research work was set to examine the activities of the Nigerian Stock Exchange using the All-Share Index monthly data published between the year 2000 and 2015. Based on the plotted ACF graph of the original series, it was observed that the series was non-stationary and also exhibited some elements of seasonality which necessitated the series to be differenced to attain stationarity as well as reducing the seasonal...

Author(s): Nureni Olawale Adeboye and Idowu Fagoyinbo

  • Proceeding Number: 0227914

WANNPRES Conference 2018

Promotion of wound healing in mice using a formulation of Ficus sur Forssk aqueous leaf extract

Injuries from accidents are frequent occurrences. In most developing countries, patronage of alternative medicines to treat such injuries is common. Ficus sur Forssk (Moraceae) leaves are used for wound management in alternative medicine in Northern Nigeria. This study aimed at determining the effect of a formulation of the aqueous extract of F. sur on wound healing. A decoction of powdered leaves of F. sur was prepared...

Author(s): Lucy B. John-Africa, Christianah YIsimi, Medina Abbas and Aisha Daburi  

  • Proceeding Number: B60E616

11th Egerton University International Conference and innovation Week

Alternative strategies against malfunctioning Criminal Justice System in ensuring security in Kenya

Crime control in any country though primarily a mandate of the government should be a responsibility for all people, and an engagement of several agencies. This is because crime which is the main source of insecurity has many negative impacts. At the individual, family and neighbourhood levels, effective crime control lies in ensuring that one does not become a victim. However, in some countries like Kenya, provision of...

Author(s): Omboto John Onyango

  • Proceeding Number: E28D618

9th iSTEAMS Cross-Border Conference Ghana 2017

Impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) in telecommunications on Nigeria’s economic growth: A descriptive analysis

An effective telecommunications system, in one way or the other, enhances development as it also boosts investor confidence and promotes business transactions. Thus, the importance of telecommunications development to economic growth and development especially in the developing countries cannot be understated. This study examines the impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in telecommunications on economic growth. The...

Author(s): Ajala, Olufunmilayo Adekemi and Adesanya, Teniola Abosede  

  • Proceeding Number: E89C920

WANNPRES Conference 2018

Effects of n-Hexane fraction of Gongronema latifolium on some biochemical parameters in alloxan-induced diabetic albino Wistar rats

Diabetes mellitus is a burden affecting both developed and developing countries of the world and it has been known to be associated with hyperglycaemia, lipid disorders and cardiovascular complications. This work was undertaken to ascertain the effects of the n-Hexane leaf fraction of Gongronema latifolium as an anti-diabetic agent using standard methods. The results indicated a significant percentage increase...

Author(s): Grace Sylvester Effiong, Grace Emmanuel Essien, Adedayo Adedoyin Tologbonse and Danladi Ngyan Bala

  • Proceeding Number: D259622

9th iSTEAMS Cross-Border Conference Ghana 2017

Fingerprint recognition system using multiple representations

Recent advances in automated fingerprint recognition systems coupled with the growing need for reliable and efficient identification system have resulted in an increased deployment of fingerprint biometric technology in many broad applications. The system has been adjudged one of the most publicized biometrics across the globe as it offers reliable means of personal identification because of its uniqueness and...

Author(s): Aranuwa, F. O.  

  • Proceeding Number: 24A7324

WANNPRES Conference 2018

Effect of methanol extract of Synsepalum dulcificum pulp on some biochemical parameters in albino rats

Synsepalum dulcificum is believed to have medicinal and nutritional potentials. The objective of this study was to determine the beneficial effects of the methanol extract of the plant on some biochemical parameters such as liver function tests (alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST), total bilirubin, total protein, albumin and globulin), blood glucose levels and...

Author(s): Nkwocha, Chinelo Chinelo, Nworah, Florence Nkechi, Nwagwe, Ruth Onyinyechi and Njoku, Obioma Uzoma  

  • Proceeding Number: E78B526

WANNPRES Conference 2018

Effect of Senna mimosoides leaf aqueous extract on the lactase activity, total protein and the electrolyte-inducing potentials of carbon tetrachloride induced hepatoxicity in Wistar albino rats

Aqueous extract of Senna mimosoides leaves (ASML) (a common weed in Savannah region of the African Continent) has been used in management of lactose intolerance and breast toxicity by locals. This study evaluated phytoconstituent of the aqueous extract of S. mimosoides leaves and the effect on lactase activity and subsequent electrolyte-inducing potentials. Thirty female albino rats were used for this study and were...

Author(s): NWORAH Florence Nkechi, NKWOCHA Chinelo Chinenye and NWACHUKWU Justus Nmaduka

  • Proceeding Number: EBB6428

9th iSTEAMS Cross-Border Conference Ghana 2017

Sustainable health in view: Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of cobalt complex of thiosemicarbazide and 4-aminoquinoline mixed ligand

In the present study, complex of cobalt(II) with mixed ligand of thiosemicarbazide and 4-aminoquinoline was reported. The complex was characterized by physical and spectral analysis. Antibacterial activity was carried out on the complex against Salmonella typhi, Shigella species, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species, Staphylococcus auerus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The complex of the type ML1L2...

Author(s): Adekanmbi, T. O. and Daramola, B. E.  

  • Proceeding Number: F245730

WANNPRES Conference 2018

Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activity of the Commelina ascendens J.K Morton (Commelinaceae) aerial part extract

This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of Commelina ascendens using experimentally induced inflammatory models in rats. Oedema was induced on the rat hind paw by the injection of 0.1 mL of undiluted fresh egg albumin (phlogistic agent) into the subplantar surface of the right rat paw. Oedema was assessed in terms of volume of distilled water displaced by the paw. Tissue granuloma was induced in the rats by...

Author(s): Akachukwu Marytheresa Onwuka, Chukwuemeka Sylvester Nworu, Ikechukwu Emmanuel Peter, Florence Nwakaego Mbaoji, Bonaventure Chukwunonso Obi, Azubuike Collins Onyeto, Ifeoma Amarachukwu Nwabunike, Ogechukwu Nnanyelugo Isiogugu, Nneoma Martha Ofokansi, Ogbonnaya Charles and Peter Achunike Akah

  • Proceeding Number: 86EA232

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