Articles

 

Page 18 of 1189, showing 50 records out of 59449 total, starting on record 851, ending on 900

African Journal of Biotechnology
Relationship between 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline and aroma in Uganda rice populations with Oryza (barthi, glaberrima and sativa) backgrounds

November 2019

The sweet popcorn aroma conferred by 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2AP) is a highly economic trait of rice grain attracting premium price worldwide. This research study was conducted to determine the levels of 2AP in Ugandan rice lines with the aim of establishing a better understanding on the level and classes of 2AP and aroma phenotype. Concentration of 2AP was assayed using two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight...

Author(s): David Ocan, Rongrong Zhang, Martin Odoch, Michael Kanaabi,  Angele Pembele Ibanda, Agnes Akwero, Bill Williams Khizzah, Ephraim Nuwamanya, Jimmy Lamo, Melissa Anne Fitzgerald, Venea Dara Daygon and Patrick Rutimbanzigu Rubaihayo

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Assessment of drugs pressure on Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. uropathogens in patients attending Abobo-Avocatier Hospital, North of Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire)

November 2019

The problem of antibiotic resistance of uropathogens appears in Abobo municipality to be worsening because of the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. This study aims to assess the impact of drugs pressure on uropathogenic Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. strains isolated from patients attending Abobo-Avocatier Hospital. The study was conducted in patients suffering from urinary tract infection. Urine samples of...

Author(s): Innocent Allepo ABE, Mathurin KOFFI, Paulin Didier SOKOURI, Bernardin Ahouty AHOUTY, Martial Kassi N’DJETCHI, Siriki SIMARO, Edwige Abla SOKOURI, Barkissa TRAORE, Thomas Konan KONAN, William YAVO, Sanogo Abiba TIDOU and Simon-Pierre N’GUETTA  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Challenges of the care of HIV positive adolescents in Jos, Nigeria

October-December 2019

The introduction of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) to children with perinatally acquired HIV has prolonged their lifespan to adolescence and beyond. These HIV positive adolescents on care face challenges as they undertake their treatment which this study aimed to determine. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study of challenges faced by adolescents between the ages 10 and 19 years on routine...

Author(s): Esther S. Yiltok, Vivian Yuwa, Asabe Mshelia, Helen Akhiwu, Emeka U. Ejeliogu, Augustine O. Ebonyi, Patricia A. Agaba, Oche Agbaji and Stephen Oguche  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Estimates of genetic parameters and genotype by environment interactions for sugar yield and its components in sugarcane genotypes in Western Kenya

October-December 2019

This study was conducted to estimate broad sense heritability, genetic advance, GE interactions and correlations among quality traits in sugarcane clones in western Kenya. Thirteen sugarcane promising clones and one check cultivar were evaluated plant and ratoon crops in three locations under rain fed conditions using the randomised complete block design with three replications.  Analysis of variance showed...

Author(s): Japheth Embeywa Jamoza, James Owuoche and Oliver Kiplagat

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic dissimilarity and growth of coffee in Cerrado

October-December 2019

Genetic dissimilarity can be used to identify promising genotypes for cultivation in specific conditions. Thus, the objective of this work is to study the genetic dissimilarity among 35 genotypes of Coffea arabica in the Cerrado, under irrigation, using phenological data and multivariate statistics. Plant height, stem diameter, canopy diameter, number of orthotropic branch nodes, length of orthotropic branch internodes,...

Author(s): Cleiton Mateus Sousa, Welington Pereira, Marcos Gonçalves da Silveira, Mariella Camargo Rocha and Vinicius Gonçalves Almeida  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effect of Withania somnifera in the treatment of male infertility: A literature review

November, 2019

The high prevalence of male infertility associated with the high costs of its conventional treatment motivated researchers to look for alternative approaches to the treatment of sexual dysfunction. The use of medicinal plants for these fins has been adopted in Withania somnifera which is one of the plants that has been associated with improvements in male fertility. Thus, the aim of this study was to review data...

Author(s): Maria Yasmin Paz Teixeira and Camilla Oliveira Duarte de Araujo  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of aphrodisiac properties of the aqueous extract of the trunk barks of Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv. (Bignoniaceae) on albino rats (Rattus norvegicus)

November, 2019

Spathodea campanulata P. Beauvois (Bignoniaceae) is a tree from the tropical and subtropical forests of Africa, used in folk medicine for the treatment of several diseases such as gastric pain, rheumatism, lumbago, cataracts and some intestinal parasites. In West Cameroon, traditional healers use a decoction of the bark of the trunk as an aphrodisiac in males. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the...

Author(s): Talla Clovis, Ilyassa Yaya, Nnanga Nga, Dibong Siegfried Didier and Mpondo Mpondo Emmanuel,  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of coffee berry disease resistance (Colletotrichum kahawae) in F2 populations derived from Arabica coffee varieties Rume Sudan and SL 28

October-December 2019

Coffee supports livelihoods of approximately 125 million families worldwide and over 700,000 households in Kenya. The epidemics of Coffee berry disease (CBD), caused by Colletotrichum kahawae, destroy up to 80% of the developing berries on susceptible varieties. The control of the disease using chemicals accounts for 30 to 40% of the production cost and contributes to environment pollution, hence the use of resistant...

Author(s): James M. Gimase, Wilson M. Thagana, Chripine O. Omondi and John M. Ithiru  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of mineral nutrition on plant development and chemical composition of volatile oils of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass subspecies

November, 2019

The objective of this study was to find out the influence of soil nutrition on the composition of volatile oils of Porophyllum ruderale subsp. macrocephalum and Porophyllum ruderale subsp. ruderale. The seedlings were transplanted into pots containing sand as substrate. Every seven days, different Hoagland solutions were applied: Complete solution and solution lacking, respectively nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium,...

Author(s): Rodrigues D. S., Leporini N., Raggi L., Zara K. R. and Young M. C. M.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Transforming smallholder agriculture through cooperatives for improving households’ food security at OR Tambo District Municipality, South Africa

November, 2019

Agriculture is a primary source of food, employment and income in rural households. Agricultural cooperatives have been regarded as possible vehicles in achieving these objectives. Small holder farming in the OR Tambo District Municipality has marginally been performed in contributing to households’ food security. Research indicates that there are many factors affecting agricultural cooperative development and...

Author(s): Cishe B. E. and Shisanya S. O.  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Opportunities and determinants of rural non-agricultural activities in Ethiopia

November 2019

The main goal of this study is to investigate the characteristics and determinants of rural non-agricultural activities using country representative household survey. This study is based on 14,616 sampled households which was collected from the four main regions of Ethiopia, namely Tigray, Amhara, Oromia and SNNPR which represent more than 90% of the population of Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics and probit model were...

Author(s): Abdulaziz Mosa, Khalid Siddig and Harald Grethe  

Educational Research and Reviews
Comparison of seventh-grade Turkish and Iranian social studies textbooks in terms of value education

November 2019

One of the objectives of comparative education research is to compare within a certain period of time educational systems that have developed in similar or different environments and processes. The aim of this qualitative study is to compare the value education in Turkish and Iranian seventh-grade social studies textbooks. Data were collected using document analysis. Results show that both books underscore the values of...

Author(s): Kemal Kaya  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Dynamics of weed biomass on yield and yield component stability of maize under various weed management strategies

November, 2019

Weed is a very significant enemy of crop production. Its density, diversity and the interaction complexes on the yield and yield component of maize cv “Quality protein” were investigated in the present study. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) containing five weed management strategies and a weedy check as treatments in 2015 and 2016. Data were collected on weed density,...

Author(s): Adewale B. Daniel and Badmus A. Adesile  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antimicrobial activity of cotton and silk fabrics dyed with Datura stramonium (Jimson weed) plant leaf extracts

November 2019

Functional finishes are agents that are applied to fabrics to make them suitable for specific uses and contribute a specific attribute to a fabric without altering its appearance.  In this context, the present study reveals the importance of dyed fabrics with Datura stramonium plant leaf extracts to control antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which have been a threat to human health and posed noticeable challenges...

Author(s): Alex Musinguzi, Josphat Igadwa Mwasiagi, Aaron Wanyama and Onesmas Gumisiriza  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors influencing the adoption of improved cowpea varieties in the Sudan Savannas of Northern Nigeria

November 2019

The study was undertaken to determine the level and factors influencing adoption of improved cowpea varieties introduced by the Sudan Savanna Taskforce project in Musawa Local Government Area of Katsina State. Data were collected from a random sample of 300 households from ten communities in the study area. The analytical tools used for data analysis include descriptive statistics to examine the level of adoption of...

Author(s): Joseph James Mbavai, Muhammad Bello Shitu, Tahirou Abdoulaye, Oyakhilimen Oyinbo and Amadu Y. Kamara  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Current scenario and challenges of agricultural production to future food security in Bangladesh

November 2019

Ensuring food security is a global challenge that can be mitigated by improving agricultural production. From the last few decades, many developed nations have introduced modern and sustainable agricultural system to abate this challenge. Now, developing countries also demand the blessings of sustainable agricultural system to face this globally burning issue. The purpose of this study is to examine the current...

Author(s): Momotaz, Tanjinul Haque Mollah, Anannya Mazumder and Takaaki Nihei  

Educational Research and Reviews
The approach of learning a foreign language by watching TV series

November 2019

In this study, the process of learning Turkish as a foreign language by watching TV series was analysed. It is a qualitative based study with document analysis, case study and mixed research design. The case study is based on the analysis of data obtained from 44 citizens of the Republic of Kosovo who have learned Turkish by watching TV series. 56.81% of these people do not know Turkish, while 29.54% of them know very...

Author(s): Ulker Mehmet  

Educational Research and Reviews
The influence of learning styles on academic performance among science education undergraduates at the University of Calabar

November 2019

This research work investigated the influence of learning styles on academic performance among Science Education undergraduates of the University of Calabar, Nigeria. The learning model used for this study comprised, visual, auditory, kindergarten, global analytical impulsive, reflective, individual and group models. Expo facto design was used for the study. The target population included all Science Education students...

Author(s): Cecilia Obi Nja, Cornelius-Ukpepi Beneddtte Umali, Edoho Emmanuel Asuquo, and Richard Ekonesi Orim  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Evaluation of aflatoxins levels and molecular identification of toxigenic molds in cereals and cereal-derived breakfast foods in Nigeria

November 2019

In the last decade, there have been an increase in safety concerns on the aflatoxins contents of cereals and cereal-derived food products in Nigeria. In the current study, evaluation of aflatoxins levels and molecular identification of toxigenic molds recovered from cereals and cereal-derived foods products in Nigeria were studied. Enzyme Link Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...

Author(s): Michael O. Odo, Fidelis Azi, Ignatius C. Alaka and Veronica N. Nwobasi

Educational Research and Reviews
Relationship between social challenges and the education of the girl-child as perceived by female academics in the tertiary institutions of Edo State, Nigeria

November 2019

The study looked at some social challenges confronting the education of the girl-child as perceived by female academics in the tertiary institutions in Edo State. To guide this study, seven research questions were raised and one hypothesis was formulated. The population was made up of all the female academics in all the tertiary institutions in Edo State, Nigeria. Three hundred and fifty females made up the sample of...

Author(s): R. I. Osarenren-Osaghae, O. S. Imhangbe and Q. O. Irabor

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Cytotoxic effects on MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines, phenol and flavonoid contents, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis and antioxidant activity of Maerua pseudopetalosa (Gilg and Bened) De Wolf fractions

November, 2019

Maerua pseudopetalosa (Gilg and Bened.) De Wolf tubers which are used traditionally as antitumor agent in Sudan were subjected to separation by column chromatography technique. Eight fractions were obtained for the ethyl acetate extract and twelve for the ethanolic extract. The ethanolic fractions F8, F9, F11 and F12, with high bioactivity were subjected to further investigations....

Author(s): Manal A Ibrahim and Manal M Ramadan

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effect of vermicompost and blended fertilizers rates on yield and yield components of Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter)

October-December 2019

Tef is a stable crop in Ethiopia in which its yield is constrained by poor soil fertility management. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted for two consecutive years during 2016 and 2017 on clayey textural soil to assess the effect of vermicompost and inorganic fertilizer rates on yield and yield components of tef. Accordingly, field experiment with four levels of vermicompost (0, 2, 4 and 6 t ha-1) and four...

Author(s): Kinfe Tekulu, Tsadik Tadele, Tewolde Berhe, Weldegebreal Gebrehiwot, Gebresemaeti Kahsu, Solomon Mebrahtom, Goitom Aregawi and Gidena Tasew  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Estimate of bed load transport and scour depth in Kwadna watershed in Minna, Niger State, Nigeria

October-December 2019

Knowledge of sediment transport has been used to determine whether erosion or deposition will occur beneath the hydraulic structures, especially the magnitude of this erosion or deposition, and the time and distance over which it will occur. This paper, utilizes the stream gauging by wading method in estimating the bed load transport and scour depth in Kwadna Basin. The estimate of bed load transport enhances the...

Author(s): Adesiji A. R., Gbadebo O. A., Musa J. J., Asogwa E. O., Odekunle M. O. and Mangey J. A.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Yield of different varieties of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) in different harvest intervals

November, 2019

This experiment was installed in the experimental plot of the Faculty of Agrarian Sciences, National University of Asunción Department of Amambay, Paraguay, with the objective of evaluating the yield of four varieties of cassava in three harvest intervals. The experimental design was randomized blocks, with four treatments (Seda, Pomberi, Sa’yju and Tacuara) and five repetitions. The spacing was 0.8 x 0.7...

Author(s): Wilfrido Meza Giménez, Sonia Liliana Recalde Sanabria, Gustavo Daniel Vega Britez, Sixto Barreto Pérez, Derlys Salinas Cohene, José Augusto Velazquez Duarte, Victorina Barreto Pérez, Laiana Patricia Paredes Lopes and Nelson David Lesmo Duarte  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genotype×environment interaction and stability analysis of soybean genotypes for yield and yield components across two locations in Nigeria

November, 2019

A multilocational evaluation of 20 soybean genotypes was conducted in two distinct locations (Nsukka in Derived Savanna agro-ecology and Jalingo in northern Guinea Savanna) of Nigeria in 2015 and 2016 cropping seasons. The main objective of this study was to assess the genotype-by-environment interaction (G x E) for specific traits such as number of pods, pod weight, seed yield and yield stability. The results revealed...

Author(s): Jandong, E. A., Uguru, M. I. and Okechukwu, E. C.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of yield and yield components of some groundnut genotypes under rainfed condition in Mali using biplot analysis

November, 2019

Sixteen groundnut genotypes were evaluated under three different environmental conditions of Mali during 2015/2016 rainy season. The environments were Tioribougou, Djijan and Samanko affiliated at International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). The experiments were conducted in a 2×8 alpha lattice with three replications. Within the environment, the main effect of a genotype was...

Author(s): Ousmane Sanogo, Pangirayi B. Tongoona, Kwadwo Ofori, Samuel K. Offei and Haile Desmae  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Whole-genome optical mapping: Improving assembly of Macrophomina phaseolina MS6 through spanning of twelve blunt end chromosomes by obviating all errors and misassembles

November 2019

Deciphering genetic information through next-generation sequencing (NGS) is considered as the basic platform to unveil in details of an organism. However, as it produces short reads that lead to difficulties in assembly, we generated long scaffold-based optical mapping (OM) data of previously sequenced devastating fungus, Macrophomina phaseolina MS6. In the process, KpnI identified as the most effective restriction...

Author(s): Quazi Md. Mosaddeque Hossen, Md. Shahidul Islam, Emdadul Mannan Emdad, Md. Samiul Haque, Md. Monjurul Alam and Maqsudul Alam,

African Journal of Biotechnology
Callus induction in three mosaic disease resistant cassava cultivars in Benin and genetic stability of the induced calli using simple sequence repeat (SSR) and sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers

November 2019

The effect of different concentrations of thidiazuron (TDZ), benzyl amino purine (BAP), kinetin and 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2, 4-D) on callus induction in three elite cassava cultivars (agric-rouge, atinwewe and agblehoundo) was evaluated. Leaf explants harvested from greenhouse-grown cassava were sterilised using different concentrations of commercial bleach commonly called Jik (3.85% NaOCl) at different time...

Author(s): Amitchihoué Franck Sessou, Jane W. Kahia, Elijah Ateka, Jerome Anani Houngue, Colombe Dadjo, Peter Njenga and Corneille Ahanhanzo  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Biochemical characterization of four less exploited edible fruits in Congo-Brazzaville: Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa, Aframomum alboviolaceum, Saba comorensis and Clitandra cymulosa

November, 2019

The aim of this study was to determine the biochemical characteristics (moisture, crude protein, crude lipids, ash, pH, titrable acidity, minerals and free sugars) of four popular edible fruits (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa, Aframomum alboviolaceum, Saba comorensis and Clitandra cymulosa), but less exploited. The pulp and seeds of P. edulis f. flavicarpa and A. alboviolaceum was also investigated in order to identify...

Author(s): Josiane Enzonga, Jean Paul Latran Ossoko, Yves Okandza, Arielle Makimouha-Kali and Mvoula Tsieri  

International Journal of Physical Sciences
On the slow-time geomagnetic field modulation of cosmic rays

November, 2019

In this work, monthly means of cosmic ray count rates from two mid latitude (Hermanus and Rome), and two higher latitude (Inuvik and Oulu) neutron monitors (NM) were employed and their variability was compared with geomagnetic stations that are in close proximity to the NMs. The data spans 1966 to 2008 and covers four solar cycles. The difference (CRdiff) between the mean count rate of all days and the mean of the five...

Author(s): Egbunu Friday, and Okpala Kingsley Chukwudi  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Does culture influence birth experiences of first-generation Nigerian women in London?

October-December 2019

The study was undertaken to explore the influence of cultural practices on birth experiences of first-generation Nigerian women (FGNW) living in London, with the objective of highlighting factors within emic and etic care that may influence birth outcomes for this population. The study entailed an exploratory, descriptive, contextual and qualitative methodology organised in two stages.   Focus group...

Author(s): Priscilla Dike  

Educational Research and Reviews
Actıvıty suggestions for ımprovıng crıtıcal lıstenıng skılls

November 2019

Listening skill is the least researched language skill. Most of the published studies include theoretical information about this skill. The fact that individuals have acquired some theoretical knowledge does not mean that they will use them effectively in their lives. In very few studies, listening activities were suggested and implemented. Moreover, there are no recommendations and practices of activity in the...

Author(s): GüLTEN Erkek and Zekerya Batur  

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Evaluation of NPSZnB fertilizer levels on yield and yield component of maize (Zea mays L.) at Laelay Adiyabo and Medebay Zana districts, Western Tigray, Ethiopia

July –December 2019

The use of right amount of fertilizer based on crop requirement has a significant importance for sustainable crop production. Study was undertaken to investigate the effects of NPSZnB blended fertilizer for maize yield production at Laelay Adiyabo and Medebay Zana districts. Seven treatments were used for the field experiment. Treatments were without fertilizer, blanket recommended NP (64 kg N ha-1+69 kg P2O5 ha-1) and...

Author(s): Kinfe Tekulu, Tsadik Tadele, Tewolde Berhe, Weldegebreal Gebrehiwot, Gebresemaeti Kahsu, Solomon Mebrahtom and Goitom Aregawi  

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Evaluation in Gampela (Burkina Faso) of agronomic performances of peanut genotypes (Arachis hypogaea L.) selected in Texas

July –December 2019

Peanut is of paramount importance in human and animal nutrition, as well as in improving producers’ income. However, its production is faced with abiotic and biotic constraints. Among the biotic constraints, Cercosporiosis diseases are a major handicap in Burkina Faso. In order to minimize the impact of these diseases on peanut yield, important work has been carried out and is still ongoing to select and develop...

Author(s): Sanon E., Lomadji R. S. S., Dabire K., Bertin M’Bi Zagre, Marc Burow and Philippe Sankara  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Heritability studies of drought tolerance in groundnuts using the North Carolina design II fashion and variance component method

October-December 2019

Drought is the most important abiotic limitation to groundnut yields across the world, and the Northern Regions of Ghana. The study estimated the heritability and genetic variability of selected parents of groundnut for drought tolerance traits to aid in their effective selection and utilization. The North Carolina II mating design was adopted while the variance component method was used to estimate heritabilities in...

Author(s): Oppong-Sekyere D., Akromah, R., Ozias-Akins P., Laary, J. K. and Gimode D.  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Efficacy of insecticides and crop critical stage for the management of chickpea pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) in Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

October-December 2019

Chickpea pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) is a major insect pest constraining chickpea production in Tigray, northern Ethiopia, as there is no recommended management option in the area. Therefore the present study was conducted to assess the efficacy of insecticides and to determine the critical growth stage of the crop for effective spray at Axum Agricultural Research Center. Results indicated that in laboratory profit...

Author(s): Zereabruk Gebretsadkan, Weldu Nahom and Wolday Kiros  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Socioeconomic and ecological consequences of Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) in Boset Woreda, Ethiopia

November, 2019

Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.), an invasive alien species, has been spreading at alarming rate in Ethiopia, causing biodiversity degradation, yield losses in field and horticultural crops, health problems to human beings and livestock. A study on the socioeconomic and ecological impacts of P. hysterophorus was conducted in five Kebeles (lowest administrative division) of Boset Woreda (District), Ethiopia....

Author(s): Gadisa Duguma, Daniel Fitamo and Firew Kebede  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genotype-by-environment interaction and stability analysis of soybean genotypes for yield and yield components across two locations in Nigeria

November, 2019

A multilocational evaluation of 20 soybean genotypes was conducted in two distinct locations (Nsukka in Derived Savanna agro-ecology and Jalingo in Northern Guinea Savanna) of Nigeria in 2015 and 2016 cropping seasons. The experiments were laid out in an Alpha lattice design and replicated three times in each location. The main objective of the research was to determine the genotype-by-environment interaction (G x E)...

Author(s): Jandong, E. A., Uguru, M. I. and Okechukwu, E. C.  

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
A short note on inequalities of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy matrices

July-December 2019

Inequality, also known as inequation, but unlike equation does not have rich history. After the introduction of equation, inequation captures its popularity in different fields namely algebra, geometry, trigonometry, probability, set theory, fuzzy set theory, logic, calculus etc. Whereas inequalities used in algebra are called algebraic inequalities, the ones used in geometry are called geometric inequalities etc....

Author(s): Somen Debnath  

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Total revenue function for non-regular fixed lifetime inventory system

July-December 2019

The fixed lifetime inventory system assumes that outdated items are discarded from inventory. Such inventory system is here referred to as regular inventory system. The non-regular fixed lifetime inventory system assumes that outdated items are not discarded from inventory. The features of both the regular and non-regular inventory systems are compared in this work and the total revenue function for the non-regular...

Author(s): Izevbizua O., and Apanapudor J. S.,  

African Journal of Food Science
Risk factors associated with retail meat vendors in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo

November 2019

Food safety risk factors associated with retail meat sales in Lubumbashi, Congo D.R., was assessed in 2013. The study involved 168 meat vendors. The methods used were an interview and direct observation. Females represented 55.9%, and males represented 44% of the study respondents. Their age ranged from 18 to 40 years (92.8%). Sixty percent had obtained a primary level of education, 38% a secondary level, and only 1.1%...

Author(s): Rosette Kabwang, Mireille Kitwa, Pierrette Melin, Georges Daube, Patrick De Mol and Mukeng A. Kaut  

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of process treatments on the proximate composition of tigernut-soy milk blends

November 2019

The effect of pasteurisation parameters and formulation components on the nutritional composition (carbohydrate, protein, fat, ash and moisture contents) of tigernut-soy milk blend was investigated. Twenty-six different formulations (F1 – F26) were prepared from tigernut and soy milk. The process treatments employed were; pasteurisation temperature, pasteurisation duration and mixing duration which varied from 60...

Author(s): Bosede Adelola Orhevba and Oluwatobi Samuel Bankole

African Journal of Food Science
The nutritional values of two species of sea cucumbers (Holothuria scabra and Holothuria lessoni) from Madagascar

November 2019

Sea cucumbers are fishery products that are not used for consumption by the Malagasy people. In this study, nutritional values of two species of trepangs (air dried sea cucumber) from Madagascar Holothuria scabra and Holothuria lessoni were determined including moisture, ash, fat, protein and carbonhydrate. The results showed that H. scabra and H. lessoni had respective water contents of 13 and 14%, the dry matter...

Author(s): Valerie Lalao RAZAFINDRATOVO ANDRIAMANAMISATA and Antonio Fidinirina TELESPHORE

Journal of Music and Dance
The Basarwa melon throwing circle dance (Siqciru/Sigcuru): The case of Kaudwane village in Kweneng West District of Botswana

July-December 2019

This paper aims at examining the practical use of the melon dance by Basarwa (San) of Kaudwane village in the Kweneng West District of Botswana. Basarwa is a group of people who originate from the Central Kgalagadi Game Reserve (CKGR). Taking into consideration the Basarwa traditional way of life, this research focuses mainly on women and girls as the main participants of the melon dance music genre. Some authors refer...

Author(s): Otukile Sindiso Phibion and Tuelo Nicolette Aedige  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Screening of fungal contaminants in banana tissue cultures in Jkuat, Kenya

November 2019

Tissue culture is prone to high costs of production arising from losses incurred from fungal contamination. The aim of the study was to  characterise fungal contaminants and elucidate the exhibited mode of resistance to most preferred sterilants. Twenty nine fungal samples were collected at the different stages of tissue culture growth, using purposive sampling technique. Morphology results were confirmed by...

Author(s): Eunice M. Kithaku, Anne W. T. Muigai, Johnstone O. Neondo and Cecilia M. Mweu  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Utilization potential of quality protein maize in spiced ogi

November 2019

The high incidence of protein energy malnutrition among children under 5 years in Nigeria informed this study. Quality protein maize (QPM) produces more lysine and tryptophan than most modern varieties of maize. It has been reported to be economically superior to traditional maize. This research focuses on QPM ogi fortified with indigenous food spices in order to improve its health benefits and organoleptic properties....

Author(s): Ejigbo E. A., Farinde E. O. and Olanipekun O. T.

African Journal of Plant Science
Morphological characterization of blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson) genetic resources in Kenya

November 2019

The variation of morphological and physiological traits of blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson) is vital for successful breeding of the fruit crop. The objective of this study was to characterize blackberry accessions in-situ using morphological descriptors in Kenya. Each blackberry accession was nested within its county of collection. A phylogenetic tree was then constructed using the Gower’s coefficient...

Author(s): Jared A. Ochieng, Robert M. Gesimba, Maurice E. Oyoo, Paul C. Korir, James O. Owuoche and Miheso M.  

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Effects of the combination of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius and Metformin on the glycemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetes rats

July-December 2019

Currently, diabetes mellitus type two is a public health challenge worldwide. Even though there are many oral hypoglycemic agents, a large part of the population continues to use herbal remedies with proven benefits. However, there are few works aimed at evaluating combinations of drugs and herbal remedies. These combinations of drugs and herbal substances can lead to a decrease in the therapeutic effect of each of...

Author(s): Eduardo Lozano Guzmán, Francisco Javier Moreno Cruz, Fernanda Jacqueline Quiñones Vidal, David Quiñonez Rodríguez, Maribel Cervantes Flores and Maria Guadalupe Nieto Pescador  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Gastrointestinal nematodiasis in Ethiopian sheep under community-based breeding program

November, 2019

Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) are amongst the main health and production problems in sheep throughout the world. Faecal egg count (FEC) and FAffa MAlan CHArt (FAMACHA) score can be used as indictors to select genetically resistant animals against the infections. This study was undertaken to (1) determine intensity of and the factors associated with GIN infections in Ethiopian sheep under communal breeding program,...

Author(s): Solomon Shiferaw Tufa, Gábor Mészáros, Aynalem Haile, Joram Mwacharo, Maria Wurzinger and Johann Sölkner

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of recommended improved crop technologies and socio-economic factors on coffee profitability among smallholder farmers in Embu County, Kenya

November, 2019

This study was carried out to determine the combined effects of recommended production technologies and farmer characteristics on coffee profitability at the farm level in Embu County, Kenya, using the profit function approach. Data were collected using semi structured questionnaires from a sample of 376 farmers who were randomly selected from six cooperative societies, using multistage stratified and probability...

Author(s): Daniel M. Wambua, Samuel N. Ndirangu, Lucy K. Njeru and Bernard M. Gichimu  

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