Articles

 

Page 5 of 1138, showing 50 records out of 56876 total, starting on record 201, ending on 250

September 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The antecedents of innovativeness in small and medium manufacturing enterprises in Kenya: A critical review of literature

Innovation has been accepted as a key stimulus for growth. This is more so with SMEs which are widely acknowledged as being a significant driver in economic growth. In a review of over 90 peer reviewed journal articles and conference papers; this paper brings together different arguments that have been made in explaining the antecedents for innovativeness. This is a critical review of the literature with respect to...

Author(s): Mkalama B. W., Ndemo B. E. and Maalu J. K.

September 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Assessing the impact of Chinese foreign direct investment on economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa

This study was conducted to assess the impact of Chinese outward foreign direct investment flows on economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. The design used was a longitudinal study. The analysis used was existing data on 37 sub-Saharan African countries between 2003 and 2011. Two balanced panel regressions were estimated using time and country fixed effects, respectively. The estimations suggested that Chinese foreign...

Author(s): Mamadou Saliou Kokouma Diallo, Jingdong Luan and Hawaou Diallo  

September 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of simplified licensing on registration and formalizing of start-ups in Mozambique

The Mozambican Government has long realized that the only way to solve the unemployment problem is by encouraging entrepreneurship amongst the youths through the formation of small enterprises. Legally operating enterprises will also contribute to the government’s coffers through taxations, exercise duties and contributions to the provident fund. The government introduced two accessible licenses for small firms...

Author(s): Alen Sawaya and Shepherd Bhero  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Modeling of hypsometric distribution of Handroanthus heptaphyllus seedlings in different containers

Hypsometric information of seedlings allows greater assertiveness of silvicultural decisions in nurseries. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of different Probability Density Functions (PDF) to estimate and compare the height distribution of Handroanthus heptaphyllus seedlings in different cultivation containers. One hundred and thirty one seedlings were produce in two types of containers; 81 units in tubes and...

Author(s): Bruno Oliveira Lafetá, Renolde Rodrigues, Tamires Mousslech Andrade Penido and Patrícia Lage

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Identification and estimation of the sugarcane production potential of Mozambique

Identifying the potential areas that can produce sugarcane is extremely important, especially for developing countries. Most of the territories in Mozambique have soils with high and medium agricultural potential but are hampered by water conditions. Therefore, irrigation is the only solution to ensure certainty in agricultural production. In addition, to set up new business a minimum of infrastructure is required, like...

Author(s): Rafael Aldighieri Moraes, Edgar Gomes Ferreira de Beauclair, Felipe Haenel Gomes, Marcelo Melo Ramalho Moreira and Rui da Maia  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evapotranspiration and crop coefficient for Radish under protected cultivation

The objective of this study was to evaluate the real crop evapotranspiration and radish crop coefficient, “Crimson Gigante” cultivar, for different phenological stages under protected cultivation. The research was performed from March to April 2015 in pots arranged in greenhouse located at the Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG). Dripping irrigation system was used for plants irrigation and the...

Author(s): P. F. Silva, R. M. Matos, M. O. Pereira, A.P. Melo Junior, J. Dantas Neto and V. L. A. Lima  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of planting dates and spacing on growth and flowering of French marigold Sel. ‘FM – 786’

The present study was carried out in an experimental farm in the Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (H.P.) during March to December, 2010. The experiment was laid out in split plot design, comprising of eight different planting dates and two spacing, (viz., 30 × 20 cm and 30 × 30 cm) as sub-plot treatment at monthly intervals...

Author(s): Pratibha, C., Gupta, Y. C., Dhiman, S. R. and Gupta, R. K.  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Broadcast and in line application of phosphorus in soils with different densities

The efficiency of broadcast versus in line phosphate fertilization has been studied; however, soil density as a determining factor for soil efficiency has been less studied.  Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of broadcast and in line phosphate fertilization in soil with different densities on corn development. The experiment was conducted in pots under greenhouse condition. A completely...

Author(s): Luciano de Souza Maria, Ivone da Silva Neves, Henildo de Souza Pereira, Guilherme Ferreira Ferbonink, Gustavo Caione and Flavia de Bastos Agostinho  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Reaction of watermelon accessions to Meloidogyne enterolobii

Identification of resistant germplasms is crucial for crop breeding. The aim of this study was to determine the reaction of accessions of watermelon plants to Meloidogine enterolobii using two experiments. In the first experiment, 20 accessions were evaluated, and in the second, the four most promising accessions were selected in the first experiment and two controls. Both experiments were implemented under a completely...

Author(s): José Hamilton da Costa Filho, Manoel Abílio de Queiroz, José Mauro da Cunha Castro, Larissa de Oliveira Fontes, Hailson Alves Ferreira Preston, Tarciana Silva Santos, Nickson Fernandes de Oliveira Carvalho, Saulo Candido de Andrade Silva, Murilo Ferreira dos Santos and Debora Candido  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity of seed storage protein in the Ethiopian garden cress (Lepidium sativum L.)

The Ethiopian garden cress (Lepidium sativum L.) is an important crop extensively used as food and medicine. In this study, total seed storage proteins of 112 garden cress genotypes collected from diverse growing regions in Ethiopia were investigated to assess patterns of genetic diversity and relationships. Using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), a total of 1774 stable protein bands...

Author(s): Legesse Tadesse, Firew Mekbib, Adugna Wakjira and Zerihun Tadele

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Identification and evaluation of secondary metabolites by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in native strains of Trichoderma species

Trichoderma species is a heterotrophic saprobion organism, which competes with other microorganisms, preventing them from developing. This fungus has mechanisms of action, among which are: production of antibiotics and metabolites, and hyperparasitism, which also promotes the induction of systemic resistance in plants. In this study, five native Trichoderma strains which were collected from agricultural land in...

Author(s): Martínez-Padrón Hadassa Yuef, Torres-Castillo Jorge Ariel, Rodríguez-Herrera Raúl, López-Santillán José Alberto, Estrada-Drouaillet Benigno and Osorio-Hernández Eduardo

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Heterozygote polymorphisms of ARG16GLY and GLN27GLU ADRB2 gene is risk protective for obesity in Javanese population of Indonesia

The relationship between obesity and insulin resistance is influenced by various factors, including genetics. ADRB2 gene polymorphisms of Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu showed inconsistent results toward obesity and insulin resistance in some populations. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of the genetic polymorphisms of Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu of the ADRB2 gene and to analyze risk factors for obesity and insulin...

Author(s): Nazula Rahma Shafriani, Pramudji Hastuti and Ahmad Hamim Sadewa  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
The technological influence of the different methods of extraction on the initial concentration of thymol in the essential oil of thyme (Thymus satureioides)

The present study deals with the influence of the technological factor in relation to the technique used for the extraction of essential oil of thyme, its chemical composition, and in particular, the concentration of thymol as the principal chemo-typical active substance of this variety of thyme from the Moroccan High Atlas. The working protocol includes the extraction of the essential oil by three different methods...

Author(s): Imad eddine Elkacimi, Yahia Cherrah and Katim Alaoui

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant potentiality of Solanum xanthocarpum

Inflammation is the body’s immune response to combat suspected harmful effect by a stimulus. Antioxidants prevent chain of reaction that would result in the production of free radicals. Prolonged usage of steroids as anti-inflammatory agents is unsafe, demanding search for anti-inflammatory compounds with sustainable future. In this study, seeds and leaves of Solanum xanthocarpum were explored in vitro for their...

Author(s): Rohini Pungle, Aditya Tambe, Anil more and Arun Kharat  

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis activity of fractions from selected medicinal plants used traditionally for treating cough and respiratory disorders in South West of Nigeria

Tuberculosis is a contagious airborne infection that mostly affects the lungs. The causative agent of tuberculosis in human is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The emergence and dissemination of M. tuberculosis isolates that are resistant to multiple antimicrobial drugs represent a growing public health threat. Fractions from Alafia barteri, Chasmanthera dependence, Chrysophyllum albidum, Emilia coccinea, Mezoneuron...

Author(s): Morufu Adisa Ademoye, Labunmi Lajide, Bodunde Joseph Owolabi, and Catherine Chizoba Onubogu

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
A comparative study of the histopathological modifications of adrenal gland in STZ-induced diabetic Wistar rats administered with selected herbal plants versus Glimepiride

This study investigated the comparative study of four herbal extract versus Glimepiride on the histomorphological modification of adrenal gland in STZ induced diabetic rats with a view to understanding their antidiabetic properties.  Forty- two healthy adult Wistar rats (Rattus novergicus) with an average weight of 153.4 g were randomly divided into seven groups (n=6). STZ (65 mg/kg) dissolved in citrate buffer was...

Author(s): Komolafe Omobola A., Ofusori David A., Odukoya Samson A., Saka Olusola S. and Arayombo Babatunde E.

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-oxidant and anti-microbial study of Adiantum capillus veneris and Pteris quadriureta L

Adiantum capillus veneris (ACV) and Pteris quadriureta (PQ), two common ferns belonging to Pteridophyta family, has been used in traditional Ayurvedic and Unani medicine against numerous human ailments since ancient times. This study was designed to analyse the presence of various phytochemicals in the ACV and PQ leaves and their pharmacological activities. The methanol extract of ACV and PQ leaves was screened for the...

Author(s): Satabdi Rautray, Sukanya Panikar, Asaithambi Sofia and A. Usha Rajananthini    

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Hypoglycemic profile and ameliorative potential of aqueous garlic extract on sperm characteristics in glibenclamide treated diabetic male rats

This study was carried out to determine the protective effect of aqueous garlic extract on testicular and spermatogenic changes in glibenclamide treated diabetic male rats. Thirty matured male rats were used in this study and were assigned into five groups of six rats each. Diabetes was induced in groups 1, 2, 3, 5 but not induced in group 4. Rats in group 1 were treated with glibenclamide (0.6 mg/kg) daily for 21 days....

Author(s): Odo Rita Ifeoma, Mbegbu Edmund, Samuel Okezie Ekere and C.F. Amaeze      

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Analysis of patient information leaflets on Artemisinin-based combination therapy

The objective of this research was to analyze the various patient information leaflets on Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACTs) sold in Côte-D’Ivoire. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1st to February 20th, 2016, that included all patient information leaflets relating to ACTs registered and marketed in Côte-d’Ivoire. The leaflets were compared to European...

Author(s): Thérèse Daubrey-Potey, Mamadou Kamagaté and Henri Die-Kacou  

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance gene status in the Horn of Africa: A systematic review

Antimalarial drug resistance monitoring is the key factor in malaria control policy for early detection and subsequent prevention of drug resistance spread. This review was performed to collate all available data of P. falciparum resistant genes in the Horn of Africa as a baseline for future appraisal of the regional malaria control policy. The search of this review was performed in January 2018 using the scientific...

Author(s): Abdifatah Abdullahi Jalei, Wanna Chaijaroenkul and Kesara Na-Bangchang,  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular phylogeny and genetic diversity studies of some potent endophytic fungi isolated from medicinal plants (Calotropis procera and Catharanthus roseus) using 18S rRNA and RAPD analysis

Molecular identification of four endophytic fungi (Penicillium singorense, Curvularia geniculata, Aspergillus neoflavipes and Alternaria alternata) from two important medicinal plants, Calotropis procera (L.) R.Br. and Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don. was carried out by 18SrRNA sequencing. Genetic diversity using two RAPD primer viz. OPB-07 and OPC-06 showed good result with high polymorphism between the four strains....

Author(s): Debjani Roy Chowdhury, Swapan Kumar Chattopadhyay and Subhash Kanti Roy

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Detection of β-tubulin gene from benomyl sensitive isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causing anthracnose disease in mango

Twenty six isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides from anthracnose infected mango fruits were isolated from different places of Tamil Nadu, India and these isolates were identified as C. gloeosporioides by Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and species specific (CgInt) primers. The sensitivity of C. gloeosporioides isolates to benomyl fungicide were evaluated at five different concentrations viz., 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10...

Author(s): Archana S., Raguchander T. and Prabakar K.

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Sero-prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 in goats from Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a cause for public health concern in many developing countries where sanitation conditions are poor. Increasing attention has been focused on the zoonotic nature of HEV. Goats, along with other species of small ruminants have been reported to be susceptible to HEV infection. This study was designed to determine the infection rate of HEV3 by detecting antibodies against capsid proteins of HEV...

Author(s): Alkali B. R., Shuaibu A. B., Bello M., Abubakar M. B. and Daneji A. I.  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Allometric relationships and carbon content for biomass-carbon estimation of East African Highland Bananas (Musa spp. AAA-EAHB) cv. Kibuzi, Nakitembe, Enyeru and Nakinyika

Globally, interests to increase carbon stocks have gained momentum in both woody and non-woody ecosystems. Despite efforts made to generate appropriate methods to estimate these stocks, most equations developed do not cater for intraspecific variabilities across e.g. species, regions or growth stages; especially in the case of bananas. Therefore, there is need to develop more robust equations to improve on the precision...

Author(s): Daphine Kamusingize, Jackson Mwanjalolo Majaliwa, Everline Komutunga, Susan Tumwebaze, Kephas Nowakunda, Priver Namanya and Jerome Kubiriba  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Performance of varieties of green manure in conventionally used soil

The objective of this research was to evaluate the performance of different types of summer green manures in conventionally used soil. This research project was carried out in the district of Concepción (Paraguay). A Randomised Complete Block Design (RCBD) was used, consisting of four treatments and five repetitions. The treatments were Mucuna pruriens (T1); Canavalia ensiformis (T2); Dolichos lablab (T3) and...

Author(s): Amilcar Isidro Servín Niz, Wilfrido Daniel Lugo Pereira, Derlys Fernando López Ávalos, Alexis Saúl Muñoz Pérez, Modesto Osmar Da Silva Oviedo and Eulalio Morel López  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of potato to different soils and fecal matter fertilizers

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an important food and cash crop in Kenya. However, its production has declined over the years due to extensive nutrient mining without adequate replacement. A study was conducted to evaluate the response of potato grown under three soil types (Planosol, Andosol and Acrisol) using three fecal matter fertilizers (FMFs). This included vermicompost, normal compost and dried sludge. In...

Author(s): Kevin N. Juma, Lenah Nakhone, Amos A. O. Musandu, Samuel Nyalala, Joshua O. Ogendo and Lawrence Kimaru  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Factors affecting the adoption of agricultural innovations on underutilized cereals: The case of finger millet among smallholder farmers in Kenya

Agricultural innovation adoption is fundamental in increasing incomes and food output in developing countries. However, the factors that influence farmers’ decisions to adopt innovations in underutilized crops are not well-documented. Underutilized crops like finger millet have been an alternative form of sustenance for resource-poor farmers especially in arid and semi-arid areas in Kenya. They are more nutritive...

Author(s): Rebecca Jerop, Peter Dannenberg, George Owuor, Patience Mshenga, Paul Kimurto Maximilian Willkomm and Gideon Hartmann  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Productive capacity of Brachiaria brizantha (Syn. Urochloa brizantha) cv. Marandu subjected to liming and nitrogen application

This work aims to evaluate production of Brachiaria brizantha (Syn. Urochloa brizantha) cv. Marandu subjected to liming and nitrogen fertilization on climatic conditions in the municipality of Humaitá State of Amazonas, Amazônia, Brazil. For both, pot experiment with soil after sowing was kept in a greenhouse at the Institute of Agriculture and Environmental Education (IEAA / UFAM). Part of the soil pots...

Author(s): Raimundo Nonato Vieira Teixeira, Carlos Eduardo Pereira, Hamilton Kikuti, Bruno Borges Deminicis and Tiago Neves Pereira Valente    

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Soil nitrate, phosphorus and potassium concentration after four years of liquid swine manure application on Tifton 85

One major problem of swine production is the huge volume of manure generated; this involve difficulties in proper handling of the residue when applied to the soil, given that such elements can be toxic to the environment. This study examined the vertical movement of the P, K and mineral N in the soil profile cultivated with Cynodon dactylon cv. Tifton 85 which was submitted consecutively to rates of Liquid Swine Manure...

Author(s): Tangriani Simioni Assmann, Alceu Luiz Assmann, Laércio Ricardo Sartor, and Talyta Zortéa  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Evaluation of the effects of plant aqueous extracts as anti-diabetic agents on alloxan induced diabetic male rabbits

This study investigates the effect of barley (Hordeum vulgare), black plum (Syzygium cumini) and Chinese tree leaves (Pistacia chinesis) aqueous extracts  on serum glucose, cholesterol, urea, uric acid level and body weight of normal and alloxan-induced diabetic male rabbits. Rabbits were kept in fasting condition for 12 h, then diabetes was induced using alloxan monohydrate (150 mg/Kg) . From the 7th day of...

Author(s): Hadia Akber Samoo, Jagarwanti Maheshwari, Atta Muhammad Babar, Ather Hameed Sheikh, Imrana Khushk, Muhammad Aqeel Bhutto, Jawaid Ahmad Khokhar, Abdul Sattar Qureshi, Syed Akbar Shah and Aftab Hussain Khaskheli  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity in Radix species from the middle and south of Iraq based on simple sequence repeats

Ten newly developed microsatellite loci were isolated from an AG20 and CAG20 enriched genomic DNA library of Radix sp. from Iraq. The simple sequence repeats (SSR) comprised 76.0% di-, 20.0% tri- and 4.0% tetra-nucleotide repeats. The number of alleles for all 10 loci ranged from 4 to 18, with a mean of 11.3 alleles per locus. The observed (Ho) and expected heterozygosity (He) values varied from 0.286 to 0.8670.927...

Author(s): Ali BM Al-Waaly, Kanokporn Triwitayakorn, Nattaya Srisawad, Duncan R Smith, Mohammad K Mohammad and Supajit Sraphet

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidant activity of essential oil of three cultivars of Amomum subulatum and standardization of high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method for the estimation of 1,8-cineole

Essential oils of the fruits of three cultivars of Amomum subulatum (Family-Zingiberaceae), such as varlangy, seremna and sawney were isolated. Antioxidant potential was determined using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) scavenging and FeCl3-reducing models and the presence of 1,8-Cineole was quantified using the developed high performance thin...

Author(s): Aftab Alam and Rita Singh Majumdar  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Reduction of organic load from palm oil mill effluent (POME) using selected fungal strains isolated from POME dump sites

Environmental concerns are becoming important global tasks. Palm oil mill effluent (POME) contains oil and grease and also rich in organic matter in the form of total suspended solids which can increase biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of POME. It is generated in huge quantities during the production of crude palm oil and pollutes land, water and atmosphere if left untreated. The current...

Author(s): Suseela Lanka and Muralidhar Pydipalli  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Variation of concentrations of thymol and carvacrol in the essential oil of thymus satureoides during aging

The aim of this work is to do a stability study of two chemo-typical active ingredients (thymol and carvacrol) of the essential oil of thyme “Thymus satureoides” collected from Azilal Region, Morocco. Specimen identification was performed for the raw obtained plant materials and the  essential oil extraction carried out through initial and final chemical characterization of the essential oil - at t = 0...

Author(s): Imad Eddine Elkacimi, Yahia Cherrah and Katim Alaoui

August 2018

Khartoum University Journal of Management Studies
Problems and challenges of management practice in emerging economies: An explanatory commentary on African context with emphasis on Nigeria

This paper discussed the problems and challenges of management practice in emerging economies with a focus on African societies. It adopted a theoretic analytic approach in the study and discussion of the subject matter, identified seven specific approaches commonly adopted by managers in Africa using Nigeria as a pointer, and posited that each approach reflects at least one of the prevailing features. The factors which...

Author(s): M.O.M. Akpor-Robaro  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and associated risk factor in Jimma Horro District, Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia

Trypanosomosis is a serious disease that causes a significant production loss in cattle. A cross sectional study was conducted in Jimma Horro District of Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia to determine prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine trypanosomosis from October 2016 to October 2017. Blood samples from randomly selected 384 cattle of both sex and different age group were collected and examined with...

Author(s): Dereje Tulu, Surra Gebeyehu, Negash Aseffa and Chaluma Negera  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Potential in a collection of adapted and exotic tropical maize inbred lines as resistance source for stem borers

Lepidopteran borers are the most devastating field pests of maize in West and Central Africa. In view of the rapidly changing climate which favours an upsurge of more destructive biotypes of insect pests, diverse sources of resistance from different genetic backgrounds need to be harnessed for crop improvement purposes. Forty tropical maize inbreds comprising adapted and exotic lines from International Institute of...

Author(s): Qudrah Olaitan Oloyede-Kamiyo, Sam Oyewole Ajala and Anthony Oluwatoyosi Job  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Agro-morphological characterization of some taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.) germplasms in Ghana

Taro (Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott.) is one of the underutilized crops in Ghana which has great potential in terms of food and nutritional value. Eighteen (18) accessions collected from Samoa (8), Malaysia (2), Indonesia (2) and Ghana (6) were studied under field conditions to collect data on their agro-morphological characteristics and yield potential for the development of the crop. The study was conducted at...

Author(s): R. Boampong, L. M. Aboagye, D. Nyadanu and M. Esilfie  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Varietal screening for resistance against field and storage crop pests: An implication for Ethiopian crop variety development

Food security in developing countries like Ethiopia has been a challenge for many years due to pre and post-harvest losses of agricultural products which are caused by different biotic and abiotic factors.  Grain losses from pest infestation prior to harvest and during storage are a serious problem, particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia. More than 70% insect pests have been identified; they attack...

Author(s): Muez Berhe Gebremdein  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Antioxidants activity of the cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) fusiformis cultivated in a low-cost medium

Spirulina species are known to have a good nutritional profile and antioxidant properties against reactive oxygen species. However, little is known about the antioxidant contents and the scavenging ability of Arthrospira fusiformis, cultivated under various conditions. This study aimed at evaluating the content of antioxidants (total phenols, total flavonoids, β-carotene, and lycopene) and the activity of A....

Author(s): Angelina Michael, Margareth S. Kyewalyanga, Matern S. Mtolera and Charles V. Lugomela  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional potential of underutilized gum arabic tree seeds (acacia nilotica) and locust bean seeds (Parkia biglobosa)

Acacia nilotica seed (ANS) and Parkia biglobosa seed (PBS) are underutilised legume found to have health benefits and functional properties. This study determined nutrient composition of A. nilotica and P. biglobosa seeds. ANS and PBS were collected and processed properly for chemical analysis. The proximate, minerals, vitamins, essential amino-acids, and antinutrient composition were analyzed to ascertain nutritional...

Author(s): Ajayi K., Adepoju O. T., Taiwo O. M., Omojola S. T. and Aladetuyi M. E.  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical, microbiological and sensory characteristics of cashew milk formulated yoghurt

Cashew yoghurt was formulated using cashew kernel milk. The physicochemical, microbiological and organoleptic assessment of the resulting product was examined and compared with commercial yoghurts. Results indicated that crude protein of 16.8% for cashew milk yoghurt compared favorably with 14.82% of commercial yoghurt. Caloric value of cashew yoghurt (133.06 kJ) was higher than that obtained for commercial yoghurts...

Author(s): Jayeola Olayinka, Yahaya Eugene, Ogunwolu Olalekan, Igbinadolor Richard and Mokwunye Chuka  

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Small ruminant production and constraints in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia with aim of assessing the production and challenges of small ruminant animals. Data was collected via questionnaire, interview and group discussion. For the study, 4 Kebeles were taken randomly and from each kebele, 20 households were selected purposively based on the experience and involvement of small ruminant production. The result indicated that...

Author(s): Shigute Etalema and Anja Abera

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Ethiopian native chicken productivity, aims of production and breeding practices across agro-climatic zones

This study was conducted to characterize flock size, composition, productivity, motivational drivers, and breed selection criteria in village chicken production systems of lowlands, midlands, and highlands of Ethiopia. Data were collected at 360 rural households of which 120 were from lowland, 160 midland, and 80 highlands. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview...

Author(s): Zemelak Goraga, Cassio Wilbert and Luizinho Caron

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Determination of bee spacing and comb cell dimensions for Apis mellifera Scutellata honeybee race in western Ethiopia

A study was conducted at Assosa and Mao-komo districts of Benishangul-gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia, aiming to determine the bee spacing and cell dimensions of honeybee race Apis mellifera scutellata. The measurement of bee spacing and cell dimensions were taken from 20 traditional hives at each agro-ecology. Assosa and Mao-komo districts were purposively selected to represent mid-altitude and highland...

Author(s): Mulisa Faji, Alemayehu Abebe, Diribi Mijena, Fekadu Begna and Alayu Tarekegn

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Potential risk factors associated with carcass contamination in slaughterhouse operations and hygiene in Oyo state, Nigeria

Avoiding meat contamination at slaughterhouses is crucial for food safety; consumers’ awareness and concern for the type of food they eat has attracted global attention and redirected research interests towards food safety. The practical hygiene in the slaughterhouse operations play key role in the safety and wholesomeness of meat. A cross sectional survey was carried out on 60 slaughterhouses in Ibadan, Oyo and...

Author(s): Fasanmi O. G., Makinde G. E. O., Popoola M. A., Fasina O. F., Matere J., Kehinde O. O, Balogun F. A. and Ogundare S. T.

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark districts, North West Ethiopia

This study examined and identified the determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark district. In order to meet the objective descriptive, multiple logistic regression and multilevel logistic regression statistical techniques were used for data analysis. The results of multiple logistic regressions showed that health center, place of residence, marital status, access to media, environmental...

Author(s): Mebetu Gebre Demozie, Kidanemariam Alem Berhie and Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Review on the epidemiological features of equine Endoparasites in Ethiopia

Equines contributed a lot to the livelihood of Ethiopian people in terms of income generation, public transport, ploughing, threshing and ambulatory service for sick humans and animals, however various health problems hamper their contributions and of which endoparasitism is the major one. A number of epidemiological studies conducted in different part of Ethiopia point out the burden and type of endoparasites...

Author(s): Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassie and Bamlaku Andarge  

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Statistical model of weight outcome among college students

The issue of weight outcome is a common problem across all ages in the world, regardless of being a male or female. Studies show  that its cause is more associated with insufficient physical activities due to technological addicts and improper eating habits. However, this study sought to find out whether the predictors by authorities are in existent among college students in this part of the country. In a cross...

Author(s): Maxwell Seyram Kumah, Awuitor Godwin Kofi, Dorkenoo Bridget Aku and Kumi John Newton

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Evaluation of metacestode of Taenia solium antigens for detection of anti-cysticercal IgG among patients with epilepsy in three districts of Northern Uganda

Neurocysticercosis causes serious public health and socioeconomic problems in developing countries including Uganda. The aim of the study was to evaluate the metacestodes of Taenia solium (T. solium) antigens for detection of anticysticercal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies among patients with epilepsy in three districts of Northern Uganda. Three hundred (300) random samples were screened for anticysticercal IgG using...

Author(s): Simon Peter Alarakol, Moses Lotokome Joloba, Walter Onen Yagos  and Emmanuel Odongo Aginya  

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