Articles

 

Page 5 of 1151, showing 50 records out of 57545 total, starting on record 201, ending on 250

January 2019

Philosophical Papers and Review
A review on normative and other factors contributing to Africa’s adolescent development crisis

The objective of this review is to examine factors influencing African adolescents’ identity development. The review begins with defining identity and discuses major theories of identity development. Moreover, this review focuses on colonialism, globalization, media and other factors which are considered to influence youth identity development. The author has used the terms ‘adolescence’ and...

Author(s): Wohabie Birhan  

January 2019

Journal of African Studies and Development
Social protection mechanisms for children living on the streets: Perspectives from Uganda

Social protection continues to gain increased attention in Uganda’s national development discourse and beyond, because of its ability to mitigate risk and vulnerability perpetuated by poverty. Despite this impetus, less research has been undertaken to expanding social protection to children living on the streets. Yet, Uganda’s increase in urbanization has been associated with the high influx of children...

Author(s): Robert Kakuru, Archangel Byaruhanga Rukooko and Gervase Tusabe

January 2019

Journal of Bioinformatics and Sequence Analysis
Vitis vinifera gene expression differential analysis assessing microarrays data pre-processing dynamism by RNA-Seq approach

Oligonucleotide microarrays data pre-processing procedures impacting gene expression differential survey performances were fully evoked. RNA-Seq tool exhibited high performances (sensitivity) as opposed to microarrays in transcriptomic as well as genomic studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate microarrays data pre-processing dynamism on gene expression differential analysis outcomes, assuming RNA-Seq approach as...

Author(s): Dago Dougba Noel, Yao Saraka Didier Martial, Diarrassouba Nafan, Koné Ali, Silué Souleymane, Dagnogo Olefongo, Dagnogo Dramane, Kablan Gnoan Justin, Lallié Hermann Désiré, Fofana Inza Jesus, Giovanni Malerba and Massimo Delledonne  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Obtainment, applications and future perspectives of palm kernel

Of African origin and with an estimated world production of 6.85 million tons, palm kernel oil contributes about 3% of the total world production of oils and fats. With such production, the world waste generation was about 10,026 × 103 tons in 2017, which represents an important environment issue. The present work aimed to review the literature on the main methods of extraction, applications, and future...

Author(s): Wanessa Almeida da Costa, Cinthya Elen Pereira de Lima, Fernanda Wariss Figueiredo Bezerra, Mozaniel Santana de Oliveira, Priscila do Nascimento Bezerra, Flávia Cristina Seabra Pires, Ana Paula de Souza e Silva, Jorddy Neves da Cruz, Sebastião Gomes Silva, Pedro Alam de Araújo Sarges and Raul Nunes de Carvalho Junior,  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antimicrobial activity of Basidiomycetes fungi isolated from a Kenyan tropical forest

Microbial diseases remain to be a major global public health challenge. Their devastating effects have been exacerbated by the development of drug resistant strains. On the other hand, the biodiversity of tropical Basidiomycetes fungi is well recognized as an untapped source of potential bioactive compounds for the development of novel antimicrobials. Thus, in the current study, Basidiomycetes’ fruiting bodies...

Author(s): Winnie Chemutai Sum, Stephen Abwao Indieka and Josphat Clement Matasyoh

January 2019

Scientific Research and Essays
Breeding seasons of some commercially important fishes in Ethiopia: Implications for fish management

Fishing during periods close to spawning (breeding) season results in a decline in fish population. Identifying the breeding season of each fish species is important for conservation and aquaculture development. Published and unpublished sources of data were used to prepare this review manuscript. Based on the review process, it is possible to observe that the breeding season of fish occurred all year round. Although,...

Author(s): Agumassie Tesfahun  

January 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Thermospheric neutral winds over Abuja, Nigeria

We present nighttime variation of thermospheric winds estimated from the Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) which was recently deployed at Abuja in Nigeria. These results apply to the thermosphere region around 250 km and were obtained during the period of weak solar activity with solar flux values generally below 70 s.f.u. The results presented cover three months, from October 2017 to December 2017. The high geomagnetic...

Author(s): Sivla W. T., Ogunjobi O., Okoro E. C., Ugonabo O. J. and Orji P. O.  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Application of the elements of marketing mix by business start-ups during incubation: A case of Makerere University in Uganda

Firm incubation and marketing mix are not new concepts in the business world. They have been existing for decades and their meaning has been explained in real business sense. Despite being in existence for long, little is known about how marketing mix elements (popularly referred to as the “Seven P’s”) are used by business start-ups during incubation. Data were collected from owners of start-up...

Author(s): Anthony Tibaingana  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Solidarity economy, social and cooperative enterprises: The view of citizens in Greece

This paper investigated the factorial composition and the internal coherence of α questionnaire on Solidarity Economy (SE) and Social and Cooperative Enterprises (SCE) based on data gathered from a sample of 214 citizens region of Thessaly. The questionnaire consists of three categories of questions that refer to: a) citizens' statements related to Social and Cooperative Enterprises (scale A); b) barriers to...

Author(s): Theodossiou George, Rigas John, Goulas Αpostolos and Rigas George  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Rediscovering public engagement in higher education: A bridge between university community and publics

In recent years, public engagement attention is drawn towards university institutions since the role of universities is projected towards the sharing and spreading of knowledge beyond the traditional academic bounds. Thus, the university is becoming a “partner” that collaborates at the community's growth, and debates with all the stakeholders who might have an interest, either direct or indirect, in the...

Author(s): Vittoria Marino, Letizia Lo Presti and Marco Pellicano  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The effects of organizational culture on turnover intention: The mediating role of job satisfaction, a case of Oromia Forest and Wild Life Enterprise

The purpose of this study was to identifying the effects of organizational culture on turnover intention with mediated role of satisfaction. Data were gathered by closed ended questionnaires distributed to five OFWELs in Oromia. The scales used were the organizational culture index, job satisfaction survey, and the turnover intention questionnaire. The collected data was statistically analyzed by SPSS 20 and AMOS 21....

Author(s): Girma Taye Niguse  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibacterial activities of aqueous and methanol leaf extracts of Solanum incanum Linn. (Solanaceae) against multi-drug resistant bacterial isolates

It is estimated that about 80% of the world’s population use medicinal plants either in their crude unmodified form or partially in their modified semi-synthetic form for their medical care. The present study investigated the antibacterial activity of aqueous and methanol leaf extracts of Solanum incanum Linn. (Solanaceae) against multiple drug resistant (MDR) clinical isolates (Streptococcus pyogenes,...

Author(s): Ayodele Oluwasoji Akanmu, Yakaka Alhaji Bulama, Sulayman Tunde Balogun and Samaila Musa

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Exploring the anticoagulant and antiplatelet effect of the extracts of the red marine alga Acanthophora spicifera

Cardiovascular diseases represent the major cause of death and morbidity in the world. An uncontrolled activation of the coagulation cascade and platelet aggregation may lead to the formation of thrombi. Antithrombotic drugs have limitations and may produce side effects, and consequently, alternative therapies have been extensively investigated. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate anticoagulant and antiplatelet...

Author(s): Vivian Rodrigues de Souza, Laura de Andrade Moura, Ana Cláudia Rodrigues da Silva, Kelly Ketely Granja Pereira, Caio Cesar Richter Nogueira, Diana Negrão Cavalcanti, Valéria Laneuville Teixeira and André Lopes Fuly  

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial potential of extracts of the roots of Zingiber officinale against bacterial strains commonly associated with nosocomial infections

Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has been used as a medicinal plant for decades for medical and culinary purposes. This study aimed to determine the antimicrobial potential of ginger root extracts using the Kirby-Bayer agar diffusion method to compare the zones of inhibition of the extracts to those of synthetic antibiotics against five clinical bacterial pathogens (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas...

Author(s): Hannaty Abuga and Goabaone Gaobotse  

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by indigenous people in Tenta District, South Wollo, Ethiopia

Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants was conducted in Tenta District, South Wollo, Ethiopia from December 2016 to May 2017. Data were collected using guided field walk, semi-structured interview, group discussion and direct field observation. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and response compared with chi-square test. The results documented 121 species of medicinal plants under 98 genera and 53...

Author(s): Tibebu Tefera and Mesele Yihune  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Management of the nematode of the nodule of Meloidogyne incognita in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) with extracts in a biospace condition

For the management of the nematode of Meloidogyne incognita nodule in plants of Solanum lycopersicum L., the effectiveness of plant extracts: Ruta graveolens, Eucalyptus spp., Ocimum basilicum, Acacia farnesiana, and Nicotiana tabacum, and as a control fungus Paecilomyces lilacinus 6.5x1013 UFC/g were used. For each treatment, 5000 nematodes J2 of M. incognita/plant were used. The extracts were applied per intervals of...

Author(s): Aquino Bolaños T., Matadamas-Ortiz P. T., López Vásquez C. F. and Inés Vásquez S.  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Mango (Mangifera indica L.) production practices and constraints in major production regions of Ethiopia

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is the second among fruit crops in Ethiopia in its production coverage and economical importance. However, compared to the countries’ potential, it is at the infant stage. This study was conducted to identify the main mango cultivars, production practices and constraints in east and western Ethiopia in 2016. Study areas were selected purposively based on their extensive mango...

Author(s): Tewodros B. Neguse, Fredah K. R. Wanzala, Wassu M. Ali, Willis O. Owino and Githiri S. Mwangi  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Food Barley Land races Characterization in the Northwestern Highlands of Ethiopia

Barley is an important crop for the North Gondar highlands of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. To assess the characterization of barley landraces, 180 farmers from six villages in three districts of north Gondar zone were selected and surveyed. With regard to distribution status, most of the recorded landraces of barley were endangered. The main end uses of barley in the study area were kolo, beso, tela, injera, korefe, kita...

Author(s): Daniel Tadesse, Wuletaw Mekuria, Beyene Derso and Tazebachew Asres  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth and yield performance of selected upland and lowland rainfed rice varieties grown in farmers’ and researchers’ managed fields at Ifakara, Tanzania

Bridging the yield gaps is of major concern to rice breeders and agronomists under rainfed rice cultivation. The yield performance of lowland and upland rainfed rice varieties was investigated in farmers’ and researchers’ field conditions at four locations in Ifakara. Selected agronomic practices namely; recommended fertilizer (80 kgN/ha), spacing of 20 cm × 20 cm, weed free fields and high yielding...

Author(s): KITILU M. J. F., NYOMORA A. M. S. and CHARLES J.  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Organic amendments applied to a degraded soil: Short term effects on soil quality indicators

Low agricultural productivity is a threat to achieving global food security. Improving productivity of degraded soils is key to achieving sustainable food production. This study investigated the effects of four organic amendments (OAs) (Mushroom Compost, MC; PAS-100 compost, PAS; Anaerobic Digestate Solid Waste, AD_SW; and Poultry Manure, PM), applied at 10 t ha-1 and 30 t ha-1 on the physical, chemical and biological...

Author(s): UNAGWU B. O.  

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Investigation of the self-efficacy and occupational attitude of students of the recreation Department of Tourism and Sport Sciences Faculties of Gazi and Atatürk Universities, Turkey

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between students’ attitudes towards the recreation specialty and self-efficacy of the students in the Recreation Departments of Sports Sciences and Tourism Faculty. In the study, “Occupational Attitude Scale” developed by Üstüner in 2006 and “General Self-Efficacy Scale” that was adapted to Turkish by Yildirim and İlhan...

Author(s): Yahya DOĞAR, Fatih BEDİR, Deniz BEDİR, S. Erim ERHAN and İlhan ŞEN  

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Teacher education in China, Japan and Turkey

The aim of this study is to analyze teacher education systems in China and Japan, and compare the findings with teacher education in Turkey, thus contribute to the developments in teacher education in Turkey. The research was based on the years 2000 to 2017. Document analysis method, which is one of the qualitative data collection methods, is used in this research. Within the scope of the document review, official...

Author(s): Yaman Barış and Aydemir Hasan  

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Transforming female aspirations to real presence: The case of higher education in Cameroon

Higher education for females is an indicator of development, democracy and gender equity, particularly necessary for a nation like Cameroon which attempts to become an emerging country by 2035. Hence, this paper is focused on ascertaining female aspirations to higher education for access and effective participation. In so doing, a study that employed a semi-structured questionnaire collected data from 977 female...

Author(s): Etta Mercy Aki  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of cutting position and indole butyric acid (auxin) concentration on rooting response of Araucaria heterophylla

The effects of cutting position (tip, middle and basal) and concentration of indole butyric acid (IBA) (0, 5, 7.5 and 11 g/L) on root and shoot growth of Araucaria heterophylla were evaluated to develop a method for vegetative propagation for this tree species. Leaf number, number of adventitious roots, root length and survival rates were measured. These parameters were significantly influenced by the interactive effect...

Author(s): Abera Tilahun, Begashaw Manahlie, Getachew Abebe and Genet Negash  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
In vitro regeneration of two grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) varieties from leaf explants

The traditional way of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) propagation is time consuming and allows disease transmission from generation to generation. Moreover, it is difficult to improve this crop through conventional plant breeding methods. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop efficient in vitro regeneration protocol for ‘Canonannon’ and ‘Chenin Blanc’ varieties of grapevine using...

Author(s): Fikadu Kumsa and Tileye Feyissa  

January 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Modern approach of treatment on destroyable pathogenicity of malaria parasite: A review article

Plasmodium is the malaria parasite that completes the life cycle between two different hosts, such as human and Anopheles mosquito. These parasites go through several developmental stages like exo-erythrocytic stage that is absent in Plasmodium falciparum, so relapses do not occur. The drugs which contain three P’s like proguanil, primaquine, and pyrimethamine kill schizonts in the liver. Due to prolonged...

Author(s): Sourav Das, Sabahuddin Siddique, Ahmed  M Shehata, Mohamed A. Shaker, Mohi Iqbal Mohammed Abdul,  Asis Bala, ,Pallab Mandal, Shubhasis Dan and Anirbandeep Bose  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of bacterial culture and their resistant pattern in pus containing patients of different wards of the hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

In health care delivery worldwide, infections acquired in health care setting are the most challenging factors. Infections due to antibiotic resistant bacteria have increased day by day in both developed and developing countries. This study is performed to screen the bacterial pathogens present in pus samples taken from patients of different wards of hospital. Isolation of bacteria was determined by standard microbial...

Author(s): Nureen Zahra, Tooba iftikhair, Rabail Alam, Asia Parveen, Sobia Alyas, Beenish Zahid, Aysha Shaukat and Arshad Munir  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In vitro activities of aqueous and hydro-ethanolic extracts of Ocimum gratissimum on Escherichia coli ESBL, Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

The misuse of antibiotics plays a role in increasing of antimicrobial resistance. The plants, of traditional use, then become an alternative solution to deal with this public health issue. Ocimum gratissimum L. is a widely used plant in Togo for several diseases. The objective of this work was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the hydro-ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the leaves of this plant, by measuring the...

Author(s): Mounerou Salou, Dede Egnoname Ekoue-Toulan, Sika Dossim and Amegnona Agbonon

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Multiplex RT-PCR identification of five viruses associated with the watermelon crops in the Brazilian Cerrado

Watermelon plants can be naturally infected by several viruses in single or mixed infections, of which the diagnosis is difficult and require specific techniques. This study aims to detect and to verify the presence of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Papaya ringspot virus type W (PRSV-W), Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV), Zucchini lethal chlorosis virus (ZLCV), Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV), and the main cucurbit...

Author(s): Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar, Adelmo Rodrigues Martins, Vitor L. Nascimento, Aristóteles Capone, Lara Teixeira Melo Costa, Fabrício Souza Campos, Rodrigo Ribeiro Fidelis, Gil Rodrigues dos Santos, Renato de Oliveira Resende and Tatsuya Nagata  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Crop abiotic stresses and nutrition of harvested food crops: A Review of impacts, interventions and their effectiveness

In tandem with the accelerating effects of climate change, efforts to increase agricultural productivity to feed the growing population are still being extensively rolled out in Africa. That notwithstanding, a large population in the continent remains food and nutrition insecure; rendering malnutrition the biggest public health challenge. Coupled with the increased incidences of abiotic stresses, developing countries...

Author(s): Rowland M. Kamanga and Leonard Mndala  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Characterization of Pico Island (Azores) wood-pastures

Wood-pastures are gaining importance in various parts of the planet, either for their role in combating desertification, protecting endemic faunas and flora, or their role in animal welfare or nutritional value in all year round grazing systems. On Pico Island and on other islands in the Azores, farmers have been using tree pastures for a long time, especially in the winter, when there is a shortage of grass and the...

Author(s): C. S. A. M. Maduro Dias, C. Ortiz, C. F. M. Vouzela, J. S. Madruga and A. E. S. Borba  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic diversity of rice (Oryza sativa L.) accessions collected from Sudan and IRRI using SSR markers

The assessment of genetic diversity of the traditional rice varieties or landraces is an essential component in germplasm characterization and conservation to identify potential parents. In the present study SSR markers (588 SSR markers) were used for the assessment of genetic diversity and relatedness among 31 rice accessions. These included 18 accessions from Sudan and 13 from IRRI. Among the SSR markers used only 483...

Author(s): Seif Gasim, Ishraka Abuanja and Abdel-Wahab Abdalla  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Seed treatment and pre-inoculation of soybean: effect of storage period and agrochemicals on the physiological quality of seed and yield

Industrial seed treatment of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] has increased over the last years. New technologies have been developed to allow the inoculation procedure, which is traditionally done at the day of sowing, to be performed with the industrial treatment days or even weeks before sowing. Since little is known about the compatibility of agrochemicals and pre-inoculation, the objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Itacir Eloi Sandini, Rafael Brugnera Belani, Margarete Kimie Falbo, Fabiano Pacentchuk and Jaqueline Huzar-Novakowiski  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Identification of drought selection indices of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania

A study was conducted to evaluate common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes for drought tolerance in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. Treatments included 18 genotypes laid out in a 3×18 split plot arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. The data on yield under water stress and non-water stress treatments were used to calculate indices that can be used for predicting tolerant...

Author(s): Karantin D. Mazengo, George M. Tryphone and Akwilini J. P. Tarimo  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparative performance of commonly used portable coffee harvesters

In mountain regions due to the high slopes, the coffee harvest is carried out manually, generating higher production costs. An alternative to reducing these costs is to use portable breakers. The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of portable coffee breakers in coffee harvesting. The experiment was carried out in a field of Catucaí Amarelo 24/137, 3.5 years old. In the study, six types of...

Author(s): Felipe Santinato, Rouverson Pereira da Silva, Caio Fernando Eckhardt Souza, Victor Afonso Reis Gonçalves, Carlos Diego da Silva and Roberto Santinato  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Adjustments for axial and sieves systems of coffee harvesters

During the mechanized harvesting of the coffee, there is a fall of fruits in the order of 10 to 20%. This coffee must be later collected. For that, it is necessary to use harvester adjustments that promote a greater picking efficiency. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to define the best adjustments for the axial and sieves system for coffee harvesters. The experiment was carried out using an axial system...

Author(s): Felipe Santinato, Elizabeth Haruna Kazama, Rouverson Pereira da Silva, Carlos Diego da Silva, Adão Felipe dos Santos and Roberto Santinato  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Plant biotechnology: A key tool to improve crop production in Rwanda

Rwanda’s economy relies on agriculture; nevertheless, crop production remains insufficient for both local consumption and exportation. Overall, enough agriculture yields in Rwanda to ensure food security has not yet been achieved regardless of more than 87% population engaged in agriculture activities. In this context, this study aimed at gathering the information on Rwanda’s agriculture based on different...

Author(s): Leonce Dusengemungu, Clement Igiraneza and Sonia Uwimbabazi  

January 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Is the introgression of Lobi/Baoulé cattle by zebuine genes in Burkina Faso Lobi cattle threatened?

Burkina Faso livestock is made up of two main cattle population, namely Zebuine and Taurine. Transhumance and settlement of Zebu cattle breeders in tsetse challenged areas lead to cross-breeding Zebu and Taurine. Introgression of the Zebu cattle may have changed the structure of the trypanotolerant Lobi/Baoulé breed. The objective of the present study was to appreciate the introgression of Zebu genes into...

Author(s): Albert Soudré, Moustapha Gréma, Stéphane A. R. Tapsoba, Amadou Traoré, Salifou Ouédraogo-Koné, Maria Wurzinger, Simone Müller, Olivier Hanotte, Anicet Georges Ouédraogo and Johann Sölkner  

January 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Spectral analysis and source parameter imaging of aeromagnetic data of Lafia and Akiri Areas, Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria

This study aimed to estimate the depth of magnetic source bodies in Lafia and Akiri areas which fall within the middle Benue trough, Nigeria. Aeromagnetic data were used and spectral analysis and source parameter imaging were used for the quantitative interpretation of the data. The total magnetic intensity (TMI) contour map obtained from gridding of the data ranging from -39.5 to 100.0 nT was separated into regional...

Author(s): Ngozi Agatha Okwesili, Johnson Uchenna Abangwu and Igwe Emmanuel Awucha.  

January 2019

Scientific Research and Essays
Development and execution of a novel strategic statistical tool to determine in-vitro in-vivo correlation for sustained release capsules of metoprolol tartrate in humans

The aim of this present study was to develop and formulate sustained release coated metoprolol tartrate matrix granules and to design an in-vitro in-vivo correlation (IVIVC) tool based on bioavailability data available from human volunteers. USP apparatus II, paddle type was used for generation of in-vitro drug release data for each formulation. The similarity factor (f2) was determined using dissolution data parameters...

Author(s): Sabahuddin Siddique, Mohi Iqbal Mohammed Abdul, Syed Ata Ur Rahman, Durdana Lateef, Anirbandeep Bose, Shubhasis Dan, Faraz  Siddiqui  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Role of entrepreneurship education on students’ intention and mediating effect of self-efficacy

Entrepreneurship education trend is increasing rapidly worldwide. This increase was driven through entrepreneurship promise like a catalyst to promote economic revival and growth. It is anticipated entrepreneurship education provides the basis of entrepreneurship notions, forming attitude, behavior, and mind set of the entrepreneurs. Several programs regarding entrepreneurial education established in universities have...

Author(s): Nosheena Yasir, An Liren and Nasir Mahmood  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Critique does not equate to rebellion: Positive deviance and entrepreneurial networking among small and medium enterprises in Uganda

This paper examines the relationship between positive deviance and entrepreneurial networking among small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Using a mixed method approach combined self-administered questionnaires and interview guide covering 228 SMEs in Uganda, the cross-sectional nature of this study revealed key nuances about SMEs. The research findings confirmed a significant positive relationship between positive...

Author(s): Samuel Mayanja, Joseph M. Ntayi, J. C. Munene, Balunywa Wasswa and Moses M. Kibirango

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Context and strategy: Managing Sanlam for and in change, 1945-2013

Business sustainability of corporations a hundred years old, is not a regular occurrence in Africa. A qualitative historical study of the development of an insurance company succeeding on the trajectory of adapting to challenging context constitutes the core of this study. The historical analysis illustrates the role of social context, international political economy and management agency in negotiating a successful...

Author(s): Drotskie Adri and Grietjie Verhoef  

January 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Internal equity and customer relationship management in developing countries: A quantitative and a comparative study of three private companies in Burkina Faso

Internal equity in customer relationship management is ignored by companies in Burkina Faso, which causes a reduction in terms of profitability. Equity and ethical practices in marketing are essential to the sustainable development of companies in Burkina Faso especially in the context of globalization where values of fair trade are promoted and where competition is ferocious. This research focuses on the contribution...

Author(s): Théophile Bindeouè Nasse,  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effects of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from the sap of palm tree Elaeis guineensis (palm wine) on cellular and innate immunity

The isolation, characterization and effects of lactobacillus spp. from fresh palm wine was undertaken in this study. The aim of this study was to isolate and investigate the in vivo effects of the isolates on innate and cellular immune system. The result of the phenotypic and genotypic characterizations showed the presence of Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. Tolerans, Lactobacillus paracasei and...

Author(s): Eze Christopher Osita, Berebon Dinebari Philip, Gugu Thadeus Harrison, Nworu Chukwuemeka Sylvester and Esimone Charles Okechukwu  

January 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Identification of fliC and flagella expression in Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar gallinarum

Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica ser. Gallinarum biovar. gallinarum (S. gallinarum) is the causative agent of fowl Typhoid, a bacterial disease that affects domestic and wild birds. For many years, S. gallinarum was defined as an aflagellated bacterium, that is, non-motile. However, the closely related strain Salmonella pullorum is capable of expressing a flagellum-like filament. Since these bacteria are practically...

Author(s): Julia Díaz Cortés, Xochil Vega-Manriquez and Antonio Verdugo-Rodríguez

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Protective potential of Avena sativa seed mucilaginous extract against hyperlipidemia indicated by improved biomarkers and histopathology

Hyperlipidemia is one of the major health concerns worldwide. The present study aimed at utilizing clinicopathological tools to investigate the possible improving effect of Avena sativa mucilaginous extract (ASE) on lipid metabolic and liver function profiles in albino rats. The rats were rendered hyperlipidemic by 6-week supplementation of high-fat diet ad libitum. The rats were grouped into seven groups; with...

Author(s): Ibtsam M. Gheith, and Abubakr M. El-Mahmoudy  

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Assessment of antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of Picralima nitida seed extracts

The study investigated the antioxidant potential as well as the inhibitory potential of the seed extracts of Picralima nitida on α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes. The methanolic, aqueous and coconut water extracts were obtained using 70% methanol, distilled water and coconut water, respectively. Antioxidant properties were studied in vitro using DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-pricrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging,...

Author(s): Akinwunmi Kemi Feyisayo and Amadi Chizi Victor  

January 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Utilization, cultivation practice and economic role of medicinal plants in Debre Markos Town, East Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Medicinal plants are useful for primary healthcare as a remedy for diseases and injury, while they are also used traditionally as food and beverages. Despite the wide role of medicinal plant, traditional utilization and management practices are not well documented in Debre Markos Town. Thus, this study was conducted to assess utilization and cultivation practice of the medicinal plants and to identify commonly used...

Author(s): Yebirzaf Yeshiwas, Esubalew Tadele and Mahlet Workie  

January 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Assessment practices and factors for the disparity between students' academic scores at teacher-made and regional exams: The case of Bench Maji zone grade 8 students

This study had attempted to investigate assessment practices and factors for grade 8 students score disparity in Regional versus Teacher-made exams, from 2015 in Bench Maji Zone primary schools. In doing so, a descriptive survey method was employed. A sample of 185 stakeholders composed of 58 teachers, 101 students, 14 principals, 11 Woreda Education Department Officers, 12 school supervisors and the Zone Education...

Author(s): Mekonnen Melaku Anteneh and Besha  Dejene Silesh       

Page 5 of 1151, showing 50 records out of 57545 total, starting on record 201, ending on 250