Articles

 

Page 6 of 1245, showing 50 records out of 62229 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

Educational Research and Reviews
Impact of Chinese university teachers’ aesthetic experiences on their professional development

May 2022

The professional development of teachers is fundamental to educational reform and promotion, and such a development includes teachers’ aesthetic experiences. This study aims to explore the impact of Chinese teachers’ aesthetic experiences on their professional development and the differences between male and female teachers in terms of the impact of aesthetic experiences on professional development. In...

Author(s): Lin Weixin, Chang Yuan-Cheng and Chen Peng-Fei

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Social support and positivity: Analyzing user-generated comments on the Instagram pages of two Brazilian cancer hospitals

April-June 2022

Online social media platforms are an important tool for individuals who wish to exchange ideas, stories, feelings, information. Hospitals and public health organizations can use social media platforms, including Instagram, to engage, interact or communicate with patients, family members and anyone interested in health information or new discoveries. The purpose of this study is to understand the main characteristics of...

Author(s): Priscila Biancovilli, Eloy Macchiute de Oliveira, Lilian Thomer and Claudia Jurberg

Journal of Cell and Animal Biology
Histomorphology and sperm profile of animal models administered with aqueous seed extract of Parkia biglobosa

January-June 2022

This study evaluated the effects of aqueous seed extract of Parkia biglobosa on the micro-anatomy of the testis and sperm profile of adult Wistar rats. Twenty-one male Wistar rats weighing between 96 and 120 g were assigned into three groups A, B, and C (n=7). Group A was the control and received normal saline, while the animals in groups B and C were treated with 300 and 500 mg/kg body weight (Bwt) aqueous seed extract...

Author(s): Obeten Kebe Edet, Isaac Ubi Essien, Archibong Victor Bassey, Oshie Peter Adie , Etukudo Ekom, Onanuga Ismail Olasile, Ochieng Juma John and Lemuel Ann Monima

African Journal of History and Culture
Sociocultural bound illnesses or syndromes: Voices from the traditional medicine markets

January-June 2022

The culture of the people is central to the traditional medicine knowledge, uses and trade. This indigenous knowledge is orally passed from one generation to the next and is shared through efficacious communication with the ancestral spirits, dreams and oral narratives. This traditional medicine knowledge is invaluable in the treatment of sociocultural illnesses or syndromes, for instance, bad luck, bad dreams, cultural...

Author(s): Willy Kibet Chebii, Karatu Kiemo, John Kaunga Muthee and Kahiu Ngugi

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical and ethno-pharmacological approach to ichthyotoxic plants of Gabon

May, 2022

This ethnobotanical and ethno-pharmacological study was conducted to know the plants used in fishing practices and to show their importance in traditional medicine in Gabon. For this study, 100 questionnaires were administered to individuals in the fishing and traditional medical domains. 701 plants belonging to 16 different floristic families, including Fabaceae (41%), Rubiaceae (13%), and Rutaceae (15%) were commonly...

Author(s): Ulrich Gauthier Mayombo Mouele, Christiane Atteke Nkoulembene, Bertrand Kokolo, Silas Lendzele Sevidzem and Ibrahim  

African Journal of Business Management
Marketing strategies and consumers’ purchasing behaviour in Ghana: A case of Nestle Ghana Limited

May 2022

The role marketing strategies plays in influencing purchasing behaviors of consumers in various economies can never be overemphasized. However, this assertion requires further investigation with respect to consumers of Maggi seasoning products in Ghana especially those in Tamale metropolis. The study analyzed the effect of marketing strategies specifically sales promotion and perceived product quality on...

Author(s): Gonu Eric, Asare-Larbi Mary and Abdul-Rahman Mutari

Journal of Fine and Studio Art
Elastomer as a feasible alternative to linoleum in the relief printmaking process

January-June 2022

The relief printmaking process is essentially expressed in woodcut, wood engraving and linocut, as well as some unconventional media. In this process, linocut is the preferred option, especially, by beginners, because linoleum is soft and easy to manipulate. However, the scarcity and high cost of linoleum in Nigeria present difficulties in carrying out exercises in the material. Based on this, it becomes expedient to...

Author(s): Akaninyene J. Sampson

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Maize production constraints at household levels: The case of Hawassa Zuria district in Sidama Region, Ethiopia

May, 2022

Maize is the most important cereal crop in Ethiopia in terms of plantation area, production volume, and economic importance for food security. Despite the relative yield increment at the national level, maize production in the study area has been hindered by a couple of factors. This study was conducted to assess and evaluate maize production constraints in the Hawassa Zuria district. Primary data was collected from 60...

Author(s): Solomon Yokamo, Xiaoqiang Jiao, Fekadu Gurmu, Aklilu Atinafu, Tsadiku Alemu and Rongfeng Jiang  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of spacing on yield and head characteristics of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) in two agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

May, 2022

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) is one of the major vegetable crops grown in Ethiopia. In the 2018 rainy season, 31,400 tonnes of head cabbage was produced. Despite its importance, the productivity of cabbage in Ethiopia remains very low (6 t/ha) as compared to world (28.8 t/ha) and East Africa (16 t/ha). Low plant population was one of the major causes of low yield and big size heads, which consumers and...

Author(s): Getachew Tabor, Gizachew Atinafu, Fekadu Gebretensay, Demis Fikre, Yenenesh Asfaw and Fasil Tadesse Tewolde  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Patients’ perceptions of the usability, utility and impact of a same-day self-administered routine electronic patient-reported outcomes (PRO) assessment in HIV care in two North American clinics

January-June 2022

We assessed patients’ perceptions of the utility and impact of a same-day self-administered tablet-based patient-reported outcomes (PRO) assessment integrated into routine HIV care in two North American clinics. People with HIV (PWH) self-administered a PRO assessment inclusive of psychosocial and behavioral topics prior to their routine care visit. Providers were given succinct summary results before seeing the...

Author(s): Rob Fredericksen, Duncan Short, Emma Fitzsimmons, Divya Korlipara, Shivali Suri, Brenda Jacobs,Jean Bacon, Abigail Kroch, Alexandra Musten, Vince Hodge, Moti Ramgopal, Darrell Tan, Jeff Berry, Deborah Yoong, Mark Naccarato, Kevin Gough, Justin McReynolds, William Lober and Heidi Crane  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Characterization and antimicrobial activities of lactic acid bacteria isolated from selected Nigerian traditional fermented foods

May 2022

For production and preservation of traditional fermented foods, the genera, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been used. This study was carried out to determine the characteristics and the antimicrobial activities of lactic acid bacteria isolated from selected Nigerian traditional fermented foods. Changes in pH and titratable acidity (TA) of the samples were investigated for a period of four days (96 h). Eleven tentative...

Author(s): Ohaegbu Chinedu Godspower, Ngene Anayochukwu Chibuike, Asuquo Unyime Inyang, Coulthard Oluwatoyin Debby and Nwachukwu Ejikeme

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Usability and applicability of a mindfulness based online intervention developed for people with problematic internet gaming behavior

April-June 2022

In this study, the usability and applicability of a mindfulness based online administered gamified short-term intervention for people suffering from internet gaming disorder is investigated in a subclinical sample (N = 49). Within a four-week intervention program (Room2Respawn) participants were randomly allocated to a gamified condition (experimental) or a neutral condition (control). Participants were...

Author(s): Reichrath Benedict and Pietrowsky Reinhard 

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence and multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing E. coli in urinary tract infection cases of HIV patients attending Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria

May 2022

The study determined the frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-PEc) in HIV-infected individuals with urinary tract infections (UTIs) attending Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA II), and the responses of these bacterial pathogens to colistin, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and ertapenem. Exactly 200 urine samples (mid-stream) were collected from...

Author(s): John-Onwe B. N., Iroha I. R., Moses I. B., Onuora A. L., Nwigwe J. O., Adimora E. E., Okolo I. O., Uzoeto H. O., Ngwu J. N., Mohammed I. D. and Oladimeji A. S.

International Journal of Livestock Production
In situ conservation of boran cattle through community/cooperative bull scheme based breeding program in Borana, Ethiopia

April-June 2022

A community based breeding program was performed in the years 2012 to 2017 in Dubluk district of Borana Zone, with the objective to improve some productive traits and conserve Boran cattle breed through disseminating improved Boran sires to pastoral community of the district. Relevant performance data were collected to check the performance of the program to achieve the required goal. The data collected were number of...

Author(s): Tamirat Tessema, Dereje Teshome and Sisay Kumsa  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Marketing of dairy goat products in Kenya: A survey of the dairy products in selected supermarkets in Nyeri, Meru and Kiambu counties

April-June 2022

Dairy goat farming is a significant source of income, particularly for low-income families. However, 75% of the dairy goat products business is still unorganized in Kenya, making its marketing difficult. This study surveyed dairy products in selected supermarkets in Nyeri, Meru and Kiambu counties. The purpose was to identify the types of dairy products sold in supermarkets, the sales preferences, reasons for stocking...

Author(s): Eucabeth Majiwa, Geoffrey Otieno and Caroline Ngugi

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impact of program-based sustainable urban agricultural intervention on women empowerment in Addis Ababa: Evidence from women empowerment in agriculture index analysis

May, 2022

Urban agriculture is increasingly recognized in academic research, policy practice, and advocacy as rural land is increasingly shrinking for agricultural production; and is argued as pro-poor urban intervention. This study argued that previous researches focused on: (1) rural agriculture; (2) women’s economic empowerment; and (3) positive impacts of urban agricultural interventions on the poor. By observing 10...

Author(s): Filmon Hadaro Hando and Mitke Alemu Legesse  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Consumer research in Papua New Guinea: Exploring preferences and purchasing behaviours for staple foods in an urban market

April-June 2022

The supermarket expansion throughout emerging economies has caused dramatic shifts in fresh produce markets, impacting consumers and smallholders. As supermarkets begin to compete with open markets in the sale of fresh produce, new market opportunities emerge for smallholders, and new purchasing behaviours emerge for consumers. This research explores how the expansion of large-scale supermarkets is impacting the sale of...

Author(s): Kirt Hainzer, Catherine O’Mullan, Philip Hugh Brown and Raywin Ovah  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Indigenous knowledge on host tree preference of the wild edible Gynanisa maja (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) matches with the laboratory test results in western Zambia

May, 2022

Gynanisa maja is an edible caterpillar and contributes significantly towards household food security. The linkage between indigenous and scientific knowledge influencing G. maja forage preference is not yet clear, and therefore the study aimed at determining this linkage regarding host preferences for G. maja in western Zambia. A household survey was conducted to determine people’s perception on the most preferred...

Author(s): Benjamin Chanda, Calleb Ochia Olweny and Donald Chungu,  

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Socio-economic characteristics of the fishing fleets operating in Benin, West Africa

January-June 2022

The fishery industry plays a paramount role in poverty alleviation, food security and job creation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Scientific attempts to characterize the sector are however limited. This study used primary and secondary data from 2014 to 2018 to characterize fishing fleets and the diversity of fish species landed in Benin. Primary data were collected via face-to-face interviews and focus group discussions with...

Author(s): Simon Ahouansou Montcho, Setondé Constant Gnansounou, Josiane Flora Chadare,  Kolawolé Valère Salako, Zacharie Sohou, Pierre Failler, Romain  Glèlè Kakaï and  Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo,  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Identification of Basidiobolus species from the common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus) and their association with isolates from human basidiobolomycosis

May 2022

The genus Basidiobolus contains large groups of terrestrial fungi including the etiological agents of human gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB). This study aimed to identify Basidiobolus species from the common house gecko and to compare them with human GIB isolates. Gecko and human GIB samples were collected from Muhayil Aseer area, south Saudi Arabia (2017-2019). Isolation of fungi from the gut contents of...

Author(s): Martin R. P. Joseph, Ali Al Bshabshe, Ahmed M. Al-Hakami, Mohammed M. Assiry, Anjali Mathew and Mohamed E. Hamid

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Resistance profile of Staphylococcus strains and detection of the Mec A, Van A and Van B genes in private hospitals in Benin

May 2022

The present study aims to identify the emergence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus resistant to vancomycin and to investigate the presence of Mec A, Van A and Van B genes among Staphylococcus strains isolated from hospital environment. For each type of sample, surface of beds, recyclable material, boxes of rodar, floor and door slats, 53 samples were taken. So, a...

Author(s): Prosper Adzavon, Tamegnon Victorien Dougnon, Hornel Koudokpon, Boris Legba, Alidehou Jerrold Agbankpe, Kafayath Fabiyi and Lamine Baba-Moussa

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
A comparative analysis of MODIS-derived drought indices for Northern and Central Namibia

May 2022

Namibia is a semi-arid country with erratic and unpredictable rainfall. Extreme weather patterns, such as floods and extensive droughts, have become more common in recent years, with strong impact on surface and ground water availability, rangeland and agricultural productivity, food security, and further land degradation, such as bush encroachment or soil erosion. The previous 10 years were characterized by a perennial...

Author(s): Wyss Daniel, Negussie Kaleb, Staacke Antonia, Karnagel Amadé, Engelhardt Malin and Kappas Martin

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effects of water level on plant characteristics in a restored wetland and referenced natural wetland in Wakiso, Uganda

May 2022

Wetland restoration success is dependent on the likeness of both structure and function of the restored wetland systems comparable to reference sites. Assessing the success of restoration is reliant on the monitoring and evaluation of the restored system overtime as was done with Nakyesanja, a restored wetland, and Kiryagonja, a referenced natural wetland in Wakiso District, Uganda. The objectives of this study were to...

Author(s): Kunan B. Vesselly, Alfonse Opio, Majaliwa Mwanjalolo and Frank Kansiime

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Profiling the surface water around Odeama Community of the Niger Delta area of Nigeria

January-June 2022

Surface water quality in Niger Delta has been impaired over the years as a result of oil exploration and exploitation carried out in the region. This study investigates the anthropogenic influence on the water quality of Odeama creek. Water samples were collected during the wet and dry season from 20 sampling points and four control points and analyzed following standard methods and procedures. No statistical difference...

Author(s): Duke Okoro and Lily Chovwe Diejomaoh  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Morphological and serum biochemical characterizations of local pig populations from three different agro-ecological areas of Cameroon

April-June 2022

A study was carried out to investigate the morphological and biochemical characteristics of local pig populations in three agro-ecological areas of Cameroon from June to September 2018. Morphological and morphometric parameters were measured in 300 pigs (147 males and 153 females) aged 6 to 8 months old. Phenotype characterization of local pigs showed diversity as follows: concave head profile, black coat colour type,...

Author(s): Olivia Sandra Magne Ghomsi, Courage Nkahminyuy Wirnkar, Kingsley Agbor Etchu, Luca Fontanesi, Charles Felix Bilong Bilong and Paul Fewou Moundipa  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Efficient callus-mediated system for commercial production of sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) planting material in Ghana

May 2022

An efficient callus-mediated regeneration system was developed for high-frequency production of planting material of sugarcane genotypes LSC and B36464. Spindle leaf segments cultured on MS basal medium supplemented with 2,4-D or picloram at 1, 2, 3 or 4 mg/L resulted in callus induction. Callus induction was higher on 2,4-D amended medium compared to picloram. Nevertheless, for both auxins, callus induction improved...

Author(s): Azu Elaine, Elegba Wilfred, Asare Abigail Tweneboah, Asare Kwame, Akama Christian, Asare Patience, Annor Clement, Azure Samuel and Danso Kenneth

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Comparative study of the phytochemical and antibacterial activity of leaf extracts of Euphorbia heterophylla and Vitellaria paradoxa

May 2022

A comparative study was carried out to determine the phytochemical components and Euphorbia heterophylla antibacterial activity as well as Vitellaria paradoxaleaf crude extracts on four enteric organisms, namely: Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella Typhi, Shigella flexneri, and Escherichia coli. The clinical isolates of the enteric organisms were subjected to test of antimicrobial susceptibility using technique of agar...

Author(s): Oyedum U. M.

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Application of Legrand pollution correlation in the evaluation of contaminants migration within the groundwater of Ebhoakhuala in Ekpoma and Agbede, Edo State, Nigeria

April-June, 2022

The increase in population has led to indiscriminate disposal and mismanagement of waste in the society, resulting to waterborne diseases. As a result, this study was done to determine the efficacy and the efficiency of LeGrand correlation chart in the evaluation of the potential of groundwater of an area to pollution. Ebohkhuala and Agbede were used as a case study. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and...

Author(s): Samuel Obomheile Salufu, Samuel Ososelase Okoduwa, Philomina Nkeonye Okanigbuan and Chukwuka Oko  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Incidence of mother-child transmission of HIV-1 in the departments of Mono and Couffo in Benin: The associated factors in 2019

January-June 2022

Despite the worldwide success of the introduction of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and treatment with antiretroviral drugs, HIV remains a real public health problem. Vertical mother-to-child transmission is a form responsible for many cases of new infections. The objective of the study is to carry out an inventory of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in the departments of Mono and Couffo. A total of 374...

Author(s): Hornel Koudokpon, Victorien Dougnon, Sètondji Islamiath Kissira, Jean-Pierre Gnimatin, Alida Oussou, Reine Tossa, Gilbert Degbelo, Lamine Baba-Moussa and Clément Ahoussinou  

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Properties of antioxidants produced by Rhodobacter sphaeroides

April-June 2022

This study investigated the properties of antioxidants produced by Rhodobacter (R.) sphaeroides, a purple, non-sulfur photosynthetic bacterium. R. sphaeroides was fractionated into water-soluble and ethanol-soluble fractions, and the ethanol-soluble fraction showed stronger activity. Light irradiation significantly decreased the antioxidant activity of the ethanol fraction. The absorption spectra of the ethanol fraction...

Author(s): Deguchi Tomoaki, Ezaki Tomomi, Sato Miki and Kobayashi Masayuki 

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Family agriculture in mesoregions of the state of Alagoas, Brazil: Analysis from the production of rural settlements

May, 2022

This study aimed to analyze food production and verify the purpose of production in rural settlements, in different mesoregions of the state of Alagoas. Semi-structured interviews were used, with 245 families from six settlements distributed in the three mesoregions: East, Agreste, and Sertão, resulting in a diversity of crops in regions with water availability, and the main crops, such as corn and beans,...

Author(s): Miriam Monteiro da Costa, Raquel de Melo Silva, Luan Danilo Ferreira de Andrade Melo, João Luciano de Andrade Melo Junior, Vanuze Costa de Oliveira, Larice Bruna Ferreira Soares, Ivanildo Claudino da Silva, Adriana Guimarães Duarte, Reinaldo de Alencar Paes, Jaqueline Figueredo de Oliveira Costa, Priscila Cordeiro Souto, Lívia Francyne Gomes Chaves and Wesley Oliveira de Assis  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of selective micronutrients on productivity of upland rice varieties

May, 2022

The realization of optimal recommendations for the nutrient balance of upland rice is an excellent strategy to increase the productivity and sustainability of the production system, especially in soils with limiting conditions for cultivation. The objective of the study was to evaluate the behavior of upland rice cultivars (ANa 9005CL, ANa 8001, AN Cambará and BRS A502), by foliar fertilization (Maxi Zinc®,...

Author(s): Kauê Eduardo Martins da Silva, Marcelo Crestani Mota, Francismeire Bonadeu, Karina Galvão de Souza, Sérgio Monteze Alves, Andressa Gregolin Moreira and Marley Marico Utumi  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Diffusion of water harvesting for rainfed agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa: Case of zaï practice in Burkina Faso

April-June 2022

After the droughts of the 1970s, the so called zaï technique (small water harvesting pits), which is a water harvesting technique, has been promoted to farmers in several Sahelian countries to allow rainfed crops to adapt to dry spells. Its temporal diffusion remains a subject of little research. This study highlights the determinants of zaï diffusion in the Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian zones in Burkina Faso....

Author(s): Beteo Zongo, Omer S. Combary, Souleymane Ouédraogo, Patrice Toé and Thomas Dogot

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Assessment of the immunomodulatory activity of Artavol® aqueous extract in Plasmodium berghei infected mice

May 2022

ARTAVOL® is an herbal product derived from de-artemisinised extracts of Artemisia annua combined with lemon grass extract and avocado seed powder as a base locally used in Uganda for malaria prevention. This study assessed the immunomodulatory activity of the aqueous extract of Artavol® in Plasmodium berghei infected mice. The immunomodulatory activity of the aqueous extract of Artavol® was evaluated on...

Author(s): Martin Amanya, Clement Olusoji Ajayi, Bernard Natukunda, Francis Wasswa, Alice Bayiyana, Rose Nabatanzi, Obondo Sande and Amon Agaba  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Impact of environmental features on the distribution of Marcusenius species (Pisces, Mormyridae) in Malebo Pool of Kinshasa in the Congo River

May 2022

The current anarchic exploitation of Marcusenius fish in the Malebo Pool located in the Congo River stands as a threat of extinction to certain species, while the ecology of most of them are hardly known. This study aims at evaluating the impact of environmental factors on the distribution of Marcusenius fish caught in six fishing stations in the Malebo Pool. Canonical correspondence analysis of environmental factors...

Author(s): Jean Métis NTUMBA MABEDI, Victorine MBADU ZEBE, Victor PWEMA KIAMFU, Lise-Marie PIGNEUR, Johan R. MICHAUX. and Jean-Claude MICHA,

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Development of novel preparation method for rapid release of paclitaxel as a dry powder for inhalation: A preparation method for dry powder inhalers

May 2022

The purpose of this experiment was to develop a novel dry powder inhalation preparation method. Paclitaxel dry powder for inhalation was prepared by spraying a paclitaxel-ethanol solution directly onto an inhalable lactose carrier. This process was carried out under a relatively low temperature, avoiding potential damage to the drug from exposure to high temperatures. After preparation, the particle morphology, size,...

Author(s): Wenxiu Hong,, Rongfeng Hu, Tori Czech, Qingrong Xia,, Jun Liang,, and Jihui Tang  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Preliminary verification of the adoption status of some yam (Dioscorea rotundata and Dioscorea alata) varieties in Nigeria using microsatellites markers

May 2022

The persistent low yield and farmers’ preference of their traditional yam varieties over the improved varieties necessitated this study to verify the adoption status of the released varieties in Nigeria. A total of 48 accessions of white yam (Dioscorea rotundata) were sampled from six states of Ebonyi, Enugu, Benue, Kogi, Nassarawa and Oyo within Nigeria yam-belt and were genotyped for relatedness to four released...

Author(s): Nwogha J. S., Obidiegwu J. E., Okereke R. N, Bhattacharjee R. and Oselebe H. O.

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional and physicochemical characterization of two products (jams and syrup) made from Antananarivo raketa fruits (Opuntia ficus-indica)

May 2022

The fruits of the prickly pear (raketa), like most fruits, are mainly made up of water, which limits their storage. The transformation of the fruits into jam or syrup allowed a longer preservation. As part of the valorization and conservation of food products in Madagascar, two products (jam and syrup) have been developed from raketa fruits. The present study focused on the nutritional characterization of raketa fruits...

Author(s): RAZAFINDRATOVO Valerie Lalao ANDRIAMANAMISATA, RANIVOARIMALALA Mirana Ramarojaona and TELESPHORE Antonio Fidinirina 

African Journal of Business Management
Understanding affirmative action leadership in the South African financial context

May 2022

South Africa's (SA) history of apartheid produced racial inequality that was entrenched for centuries. After 1994, the goal of the new government was to transform the workplace. Numerous affirmative action (AA), legislation, policies, and procedures enforced organisational transformational obligation and compliance. Studies in SA indicate a slow pace of transformation. The financial sector may be paying lip service...

Author(s): April Richard A. and Govender Cookie M. 

African Journal of Food Science
Isolation and characterization of fungal strains from the seeds of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) produced in Burkina Faso

May 2022

Bambara groundnut is the main food legume after cowpea, especially in rural areas in Burkina Faso. Due to inappropriate production and storage conditions, the seeds are susceptible to contamination by several fungi. Therefore, the present study was conducted to isolate and identify the postharvest fungi associated with Bambara groundnut seeds produced in Burkina Faso. To do this, a total of 99 seed samples were...

Author(s): OUILI Amidou S., MAIGA Ynoussa, ZIDA Elisabeth Pawindé, OUOBA Adjima, NANDKANGRE Hervé, COMPAORE Cheik Omar Tidiane, NIKIEMA Mahamadi, OUEDRAOGO Mahama and OUATTARA Aboubakar Sidiki

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of tractor forward velocity on soil compaction under different soil water contents in Tunisia

May, 2022

Africa is the second continent suffering from soil compaction; studies of this phenomenon must be multiplied in order to overcome this problem. Very few studies have been conducted in Tunisia to understand soil compaction, its causes and its effect on soil properties. The research was conducted on experimental field at the Higher Institute of Agronomy of Chott Mariam, Sousse, Tunisia. The main objective of this study...

Author(s): Chiheb Khemis, Khaoula Abrougui, Karim Gabsi, Roua Amami, Waweru Geofrey, Eunice Mutuku, Wim Cornelis and Sayed Chehaibi  

Educational Research and Reviews
Traits of street children

May 2022

Street children: who are they? Why are they homeless? How do they actually live on the streets? What quality of life do they enjoy? What are the characteristics of these children? These questions appear to be simple, but the answers are so very complex. Very often the public lacks proper information about these children and they instinctively judge and cast aspersion on them. This non-empirical paper presents a clear...

Author(s): Julien Gabriel

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-quorum sensing potential of Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) extracts from Burkina Faso

May, 2022

Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes infections in humans, particularly immune-compromised patients with cystic fibrosis, severe burns, and HIV, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. The pathogenic bacteria, P. aeruginosa, produces virulence factors regulated by the mechanism called quorum sensing system. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-quorum sensing activity of Ageratum conyzoides extracts. Chloroform...

Author(s): Eli Compaoré, Vincent Ouédraogo, Moussa Compaoré, Ablassé Rouamba, and Martin Kiendrebeogo

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Traditional authority, nation-building and decentralization in African States: A change in perspective

January-June 2022

African states are generally inhabited by peoples of diverse historical, linguistic, cultural and religious backgrounds. This feature of diversity in African states, arguably, poses a challenge in creating social cohesion for such multinational and postcolonial contexts. African states such as Ghana have endeavored to redress this problem by pursuing nation-building through decentralization of the authority of central...

Author(s): Nancy Oppongwaa Myles, Seth Don Arthur and Deladem Tsagli

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Medicinal plants in oral health and the intergenerational transfer of knowledge: Resilience to cocoa culture in southern Bahia

May, 2022

Ethnobotanical surveys have proved plant usage in the treatment of oral diseases; however, in areas where cocoa farming influenced socioeconomic reality there is a lack of information about preservation of traditional knowledge related to oral conditions treatment. Family Health Strategy (FHS) users and community experts were interviewed with socioeconomic characteristics and ethnobotanical information being obtained...

Author(s): Bolívar de Oliveira Landi, Carlos Eduardo Dias Igídio, Brenda di Pace Lucena, Marcelo Inácio Ferreira Ferraz, Gabriel Bastos Teixeira and Aline Oliveira da Conceição  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Assessment of knowledge and practices on home management of malaria among selected families in Morogoro Municipality

April-June 2022

Knowledge and practices in preventing malaria infection were assessed in a cross-sectional study in Morogoro Municipal. Malaria is a life-threatening parasitic disease transmitted caused by plasmodial species which are plasmodium falciparum, plasmodium vivax, plasmodium ovale, and plasmodium malariae. With most of the cases of malaria being due to Plasmodium falciparum accounting for more than 95% of infections. A total...

Author(s): Julius Angelina and Mgonja Frida Richard  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Role and leadership of nurse manager in improving the quality of care in Burkina Faso: A qualitative study

April-June 2022

Care quality is a major concern for healthcare settings. Because of its essential place in hospital management, Nurse Manager (NM) is a critical link in the care system. This study aimed to analyse the role and leadership of the NM in the care quality improvement at the Charles de Gaulle Pediatric Teaching Hospital (CHUP-CDG). This was a qualitative and descriptive study. Ten NMs from clinical services selected on a...

Author(s): Pafadnam Yacouba, Patrice Ngangue, Noufou Gustave Nana, Abdoulaye So, Dieudonne Soubeiga and Éric Nguemeleu Tchouaket  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Alkalinization and moist heat treatments of substrates for cultivation of edible mushrooms in pupunha and cocoa residues

May, 2022

In search of a healthier diet, the consumption of edible mushrooms has been expanding, as well as the use of agro-industrial residues for cultivation and the use of less costly techniques. In this work, residues of pupunha palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth.) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) were tested as a substrate to produce Pleurotus pulmonarius CCB19, as well as two forms of disinfection: Moist heat (autoclaving) and...

Author(s): Geni Alves Casteliano, Tizá Teles Santos, Camila Oliveira Bezerra, Andréa Miura da Costa, Cid Edson Mendonça Póvoas,  Antonio Fábio Reis Figueirêdo,  Marliane de Cássia Soares da Silva, José Maria Rodrigues da Luz, Maria Catarina Megumi Kasuya, Givaldo Rocha Niela, Antônio Zózimo de Matos, José Luiz Bezerra and  Ana Paula Trovatti Uetanabaro  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to sulfur impurity supplied as triple-super phosphate under gypsum and urea fertilizer backgrounds

May, 2022

On-farm experiments (24) were conducted in two seasons to assess the influence of sulfur impurity in triple-super phosphate (TSP) on wheat. The experiments were laid-out in completely randomized block design in triplicate. Nutrients investigated include: Nitrogen (N), sulfur (S) and phosphorus (P). The TSP is tested to contain about 2 to 6% sulfur as impurity. However, wheat did not show response to sulfur from TSP....

Author(s): Assefa Menna  

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Composition and termidicidal activity of essential oils of Ritchiea reflexa (Thonn.) Gilg & Benedict and Ctenium elegans Kunth. against Amitermes evuncifer Silvestri, 1912

April-June 2022

Leaves of Ritchiea reflexa (Thonn.) Gilg & Benedict and aerial parts of Ctenium elegans (Kunth, 1829) were steam distillated to obtain their respective essential oils. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to characterize essential oil components. The susceptibility of these volatile oils on Amitermes evuncifer (Silvestri, 1912) was tested using contact test with washer of filter paper inside Petri...

Author(s): DOSSOUVI Denis Sènouwa, KASSENEY Boris Dodji, SIMALOU Oudjaniyobi, ELOH Kodjo, MOLLONG Eyabana, KPEGBA Kafui and GLITHO Adolé Isabelle

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