Articles

 

Page 6 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61050 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Role of heavy metals on antibiotic resistance properties in lactose fermenting isolates collected from textile industry effluents

May 2021

It is crucial to monitor the microbial ambience in heavy metal enriched industrial effluents that generally discharge into the environment. Therefore, the present study aimed to understand the load of heavy metals in multidrug-resistant lactose fermenting microorganisms isolating from textile industry effluents. Samples were collected from five different textile industrial canals. In most of the cases, the colony...

Author(s): Rokunozzaman, Afroza Parvin, Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Papon Debnath, Md. Ashraful Hasan, Md. Mozammel Hossain, Mohammad Mahfuz Ali Khan Shawan, Abdul Halim, Mohammad Azizur Rahman, Sabir Hossain and Sohel Ahmed

African Journal of Plant Science
Improvement of the kola tree cuttings root (Cola nitida) in nursery by removing the terminal bud of the semi-lignified plagiotropic cuttings

May 2021

The influence of the terminal bud treatment and genotype on the cutting of plagiotropic semi-lignified kola tree cuttings was studied with the aim of vegetative propagation. Two dressing modes cuttings (B1: Presence of terminal bud and B2: Absence of terminal bud) were tested on three genotypes (D9L20A3, 315 and 323) in a split-plot design with the genotype in the large plot and the cutting dressing mode in the small...

Author(s): Drolet Jean-Marc Séry, Bouadou Bonsson, Yao Casimir Brou⊃, Nadré Gbédié, Yaya Ouattara, Hyacinthe Légnaté and Keli Zagbahi Jules

African Journal of Business Management
The influence of gender diversity and company financial performance in East Africa

May 2021

The main aim of this study was to examine the influence of gender diversity on financial performance of EAC’s listed companies and to compare influence of gender diversity on company’s financial performance before and after the operationalisation of the East African Community (EAC) Common Market in 2010. The authors adopted a positivist paradigm in a quantitative analysis using non-probability sampling to...

Author(s): David Namanya, Juliet Wakaisuka- Isingoma and Johnson Atwiine

Journal of African Studies and Development
The influence of nationalism on pan Africanism

April-June 2021

In his book "The World Is Flat," Thomas Friedman experiences the first signs of globalization while on a trip to India. Friedman realizes the implications of a world connected economically, and the political ramifications that may ensue. This convergence is due to the advent of computerized systems that make information and workflow easy to share anywhere in the world. With the potential to produce consumer...

Author(s): Angela R. Pashayan

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Community implementation of human landing and non-human landing collection methods for Wuchereria bancrofti vectors

January-June 2021

In the drive towards elimination of lymphatic filariasis, enhanced surveillance of vector mosquitoes requires sound sampling methods which can be easily implemented and accepted by communities. Several tools have been validated as alternatives to human landing catches (HLC) for this purpose, but little is known about their effectiveness compared to HLC in terms of the vector density patterns. This study aimed at...

Author(s): Simon P. Sawadogo, Achille S. Nikièma, Sanata Coulibaly, Lassane Koala, Abdoulaye Niang, Clarisse Bougouma, Roland W. Bougma, Olivier Gnankine, Frances M. Hawkes, Daniel Boakye and Roch K. Dabiré  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Production of indigenous poultry among smallholder farmers in Tigania West Meru County, Kenya

May, 2021

The study was conducted to evaluate factors that significantly influence indigenous poultry production among smallholder farmers in Tigania west Mer County using the production function approach. The study relied on primary data collected by administering structured questionnaires to 359 respondents randomly selected from 5 wards using the multi stage stratified random sampling and probability proportionate to size...

Author(s): Evans Mwiti Mathiu, Samuel Njiri Ndirangu and Samuel Chege Mwangi  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and in vitro screening of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria from Solanum lycocarpum St. Hil., an endemic plant of the Brazilian tropical savannah

May 2021

Solanum lycocarpum St. Hil. is an endemic plant of the Brazilian tropical savannah (cerrado) that is capable of growing on acidic and nutrient-poor land, an ability which attracts attention to its rhizospheric microbiota, including plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). In this work, 131 bacterial strains were isolated from rhizosphere samples of S. lycocarpum and were tested in vitro for direct mechanisms of...

Author(s): Paulo Henrique Gomes Lisboa, Paulo Henrique Marques de Andrade, Paula Cristiane Machado, Cristina Paiva de Sousa, and Paulo Teixeira Lacava,

African Journal of Educational Management, Teaching and Entrepreneurship Studies
Social skills levels for homeschooling students compared to public school students

May-August 2021

In the United Sates, the use of education has been evolving in accordance with the needs of society. The primary role of education in the 20th century ranged from instructing the youth in various religious doctrines as well as preparing them to live independently. Schooling has also been critical in assimilating immigrants into the mainstream society as well as preparing workers for industrialization in the 20th...

Author(s): Sameer Abuzandah

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Bioactive profile of mandacaru fruits and cytotoxicity against the L929 cell line

May, 2021

Mandacaru (Cereus jamacaru DC. Subsp. Jamacaru) is native to the Brazilian Caatinga and is part of the Cactaceae family. Mandacaru fruits are attractive in taste and flavour, although they are not widely commercialised. However, there is limited scientific literature on the composition of this fruit. Therefore, the present work was aimed at analysing the physicochemical composition, as well as in vitro antioxidant...

Author(s): Jamiles Francisca dos Santos, Jenisson Linike Costa Gonçalves, Raphael Amancio de Jesus, Paulo Cesar de Lima Nogueira, Ricardo Scher, Antonio Martins de Oliveira Júnior and Jane de Jesus da Silveira Moreira,  

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Media usage profile of adolescents in varied economic background

April-June 2021

Media plays an important role in social development and teenagers are the future of the society. This study made an attempt to elicit responses from teenagers on media content by projecting questions such as; what kind of content are teenagers viewing/reading mostly? What are their favourite programmes; Do they search for any information about nutrition and health related matters? What is the primary source of...

Author(s): Maheshwar Mekam, Sylvia Fernandez Rao, Jagdish Buwade, Narender Karnam and Balakrishna Nagalla  

Journal of Brewing and Distilling
Malt roasting quality control by mid-infrared spectroscopy

January-June 2021

In the presented investigation, the chemical composition of malt during roasting is estimated using diffuse reflectance mid-infrared fourier transform (DRIFT-MIR) spectroscopy and multiple linear regressions. Accordingly, the corresponding test setup is presented and evaluated. A total number of sixty-five stop roasting, having temperature range from 140 to 220ºC, and one unroasted sample of 1500 g Avalon malt are...

Author(s): Deborah Herdt, Tobias Teumer, Sindhu Nair Balan, Nur Adibah Kamarulzman, Thomas Kunz, Sarah Kühnemuth Frank-Jürgen Methner and Matthias Rädle  

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Is Faurea rochetiana a potential candidate for Dendroclimate studies? Wood samples from semi-arid woodlands of southern Ethiopia

April-June 2021

Sustainable management of economically and ecologically important tree species such as Faurea rochetiana merely depend on acquiring reliable information on growth dynamics and structure in response to the changing climate. Formation of the growth ring boundaries is pre-requisite for conducting several denroclimatology studies. Hence, the objective was to verify the formation of growth ring boundaries of F. rochetiana....

Author(s): Asmelash Tesfaye Gebremedhin

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
On the Challenges Faced by Female Members of Agricultural Cooperatives in Southeast Nigeria

April-June 2021

This study uses structural equation modelling (SEM) and path diagram techniques to examine challenges faced by women in the agricultural sector cooperatives in Southeast Nigeria. The data are from a cross-section survey of randomly selected women cooperative members. Results suggest that women with poor economic status are less likely to have access to improved technology, labour, off-farm employment, and improved...

Author(s): Chukwujekwu A. Obianefo, Ogonna O. Osuafor and John N. Ng’ombe

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Constraints to banana (Musa spp) production in Beni territory of North-Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo

May, 2021

The objective of this study was to characterize the banana production systems and to identify the constraints it faces. A questionnaire survey and field observations were carried out with banana producers. At the end of the surveys, three main banana production systems were found: Monoculture (10%), banana-food crops intercropping (7%) and agroforestry (83%). In addition, four types of banana (cooking banana, plantain,...

Author(s): Balimwacha Mukulu Evariste, Kambale Muyisa Musongora and Katembo Vikanza Paul  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Characterization of diversity and pathogenecity of Pyricularia grisea affecting finger millet in Kenya

May 2021

Pyricularia grisea characterization is a prerequisite for species differentiation and understanding of the pathosystem, evolution and diversity of species. The aim of this study is to determine the morphological variation, pathogen virulence and molecular diversity of P. grisea isolates. Five isolates from infected heads of finger millet were collected from Bomet, Nakuru, Baringo, Busia and Machakos counties in 2019....

Author(s): Jayo Manyasi Tracyline Paul K. Kimurto and Joseph J. Mafurah

African Journal of Biotechnology
A rapid detection method on-site for Zygosaccharomyces based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) combined with a lateral flow dipstick (LFD)

May 2021

The Zygosaccharomyces is notorious for its remarkable spoilage characteristics. In the present study, the visual and rapid identification of the genus Zygosaccharomyces was performed by a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay using specific primers in Mini Dry Bath within 30 min at 65°C followed by a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) detection. The sensitivity evaluation revealed LAMP-LFD assay with...

Author(s): Yang Liu≠, Jun Wu≠, Li-Qing Chen, Ya Shi, Hong-Xia Zhao, Wei Chen, Hong Li and Lu-Ping He,

African Journal of Biotechnology
Precise assessment of angular leaf spot severity using the Leaf Doctor app for common beans

May 2021

Angular leaf spot (ALS) is one of the most severe diseases of common bean. However, there is as yet no standardization of the phenological stage, inoculum concentration, diagrammatic scale (DS), and day of assessment for screening ALS resistance in bean lines. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential for assessment of ALS severity in common beans using the Leaf Doctor app and inoculation at the V2 phenological...

Author(s): Caléo Panhoca de Almeida, Gabriel Francesco Janini Bonfante, Jean Fausto de Carvalho Paulino, Bianca Cristina de Deus, Flávia Rodrigues Alves Patrício, Sérgio Augusto Morais Carbonell, Alisson Fernando Chiorato and Luciana Lasry Benchimol-Reis

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Haemonchosis: A review on dreaded strongylosis that affects the zootechnical performance of sheep

January-June 2021

Haemonchosis is a parasitosis that affects the abomasum of small ruminants, especially sheep. It is a disease that affects temperate as well as tropical and subtropical regions and can infest animals of any age, resulting in a significant loss of income to farmers. Haemonchus contortus is the parasite responsible for haemonchosis in small ruminants. It is haematophagous and causes serious diseases that decimate the...

Author(s): Christian Cocou DANSOU, Julienne KUISEU,  Pascal Abiodoun OLOUNLADE, Erick Virgile Bertrand AZANDO, Latifou LAGNIKA, Andre Boha ABOH, Patrick A. EDORH  and Mawule Sylvie HOUNZANGBE-ADOTE

Journal of African Studies and Development
Natural resources in Africa; a gift or curse: The case of Nigeria

April-June 2021

This paper examines the link between natural resources wealth, agriculture, oil and economic growth in Nigeria. We use co-integration method to examine the relationship between the economic growth and economic indicators in control in this study. The result shows a significant relationship between economics growth and economic indicators in the long-run. However, the relationship between economics growth and economics...

Author(s): Ahmed S. Abou-Zaid, Jamiu Amusa and Sami Alabdulwahab

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Occurrence of endo and ecto parasites of dogs in Dawaki and Bukuru Dog Markets in Plateau State, Nigeria

January-June 2021

The study was aimed at determining the prevalence of endo and ectoparasite of dogs in Dawaki and Bukuru dog markets of Plateau State. A total of 150 dogs were sampled for haemoparasite, gastrointestinal parasite and ectoparasites. Standard floatation technique and Giemsa stained thin blood smear methods were used for gastrointestinal and haemoparasites, respectively while ectoparasites were identified using standard...

Author(s): OGBU Kenneth Ikejiofor, EZEMA Kingsley Uwakwe, Ughelu Amara Maryrose, AYUBA Philip Nduva, OLABODE Mayowa Peter, DASUM Nandi John, ANJILI Waziri Ibrahim, TION Matthew Terzungwe, JOSHUA Joseph John, SABO Jibreel Audu, OKONKWO Rosita Amaka, MALGWI Rhoda Ishaku, ATUNA Simone Ter, NGUETY Samuel Aondonenge, MAIMADU Abdullahi Audu, and OLAOLU Olushola Samuel  

Educational Research and Reviews
Listen to the voices of street children: A case study in Trinidad and Tobago

May 2021

This research was conducted at Sunshine in Trinidad and Tobago and highlights the voices of seventeen street children. Although they live at Sunshine many of them continue to frequent the streets. Published research indicates that there exists a paucity of information about the lives and experiences of these children. It is important that professionals and policy makers pay particular attention and consideration to the...

Author(s): Gabriel Julien  

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Day case tonsillectomy: A 9 year experience in Delta State Nigeria

January-June 2021

Tonsillectomy has generally been regarded as an in-patient procedure. Presently though, due to rising costs and space constraints, it has increasingly became popular as a day case procedure world-wide. However, careful selection of patients is advised so as to avoid undue risks and possible resulting mortalities. To find out the suitability or otherwise of day case tonsillectomies in a resource poor country, taking note...

Author(s): Okolugbo N. Emmanuel and Jasper O. Abiodun

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
‘Clickbait-style’ headlines and journalism credibility in Sub-Saharan Africa: Exploring audience perceptions

April-June 2021

In the proliferated age of technologies, the field of journalism has been faced with several challenges that have inevitably pushed journalism practice to unpreceded heights. Overtly, journalists have resorted to various strategies to compete with various media platforms such as social media and other citizen journalistic strategies. Journalists have also resorted to the use of advertising/strategic communication...

Author(s): Judith Flora Wanda Baraka Samson Chipanjilo, Gregory Gondwe and Joseph Kerunga

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Singleton stillbirths in a tertiary public hospital offering free maternity services in southwest Nigeria: A one-year review

May 2021

Stillbirths are major components of perinatal mortalities in Nigeria. The study objectives are to determine the feto-maternal factors associated with antepartum intrauterine fetal deaths (IUFDs) leading to stillbirths as well as compare selected clinical characteristics with normal live births. This prospective observational study was conducted in a free service public hospital in south-western Nigeria. Parturients with...

Author(s): Oladiran Ayodeji and Oyeneyin Lawal  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Quantification and characterization of faecal sludge produced in Kara

May 2021

In Kara (Togo), as in most major sub-Saharan African cities, there is very little sewerage and autonomous systems are the most commonly used. These autonomous systems produce faecal sludge that must be drained and treated adequately in order to preserve the health of the population and protect the environment. Indeed, the risks are real, given the use of fresh faecal sludge in agriculture and the potential dangers of...

Author(s): Piyabalo KODOM, Edem Komi KOLEDZI, Nitale M’Balikine KROU, Kwamivi N. SEGBEAYA and Bouwèdèo TOI BISSANG

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Polyphenols quantification and antioxidant activity of methanolic and aqueous extracts from eight medicinal plants used to manage avian diseases in Burkina Faso

May, 2021

The present study aimed to quantify the polyphenols and evaluate the antioxidant activity of methanolic and aqueous extracts from eight medicinal plants used by the poultry farmers to manage avian diseases in Burkina Faso. Total phenolics and total flavonoids were quantified using Folin-Ciocalteu and AlCl3 reagents, respectively. The antioxidant activity was evaluated using three methods:...

Author(s): Windmi Kagambega, Roland Nâg-Tiéro Meda,Benjamin Kouliga Koama ,, Anne-Flora Drabo, Hadidjatou Belem, Der Dabire, Jacques Kabore, Amadou Traore and  George Anicet Ouédraogo  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Production of truncated peptide (cellobiohydrolase Cel6A) by Trichoderma reesei expressed in Escherichia coli

May 2021

Enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis is an important step for the production of second-generation biofuels. The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is among the most important organisms for obtaining cellulolytic enzymes. The Cel6A (CBH II) cellulase from T. ressei plays an important role in cellulose hydrolysis and acts on the non-reducing end of cellulose, in contrast to Cel7B (CBH I), which acts on the reducing end of...

Author(s): Miriam Shirley Tellez Calzada, Juan Antonio Rojas Contreras, Jesus Bernardo Paez Lerma, Nicolas Oscar Soto Cruz and Javier López Miranda

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Determinants of climate change adaptation and perceptions among small-scale farmers of Embu County, Eastern Kenya

April 2021

Climate change threatens the livelihoods of millions of small-scale farmers in East Africa. How farmers perceive climate change and its impacts has a strong bearing on how they adapt to the adverse impacts. This paper focused on factors that determine climate change adaptation and perceptions among small-scale farmers of Embu County. A survey was carried out across five sub-counties of Embu County where a multi-stage...

Author(s): Ruth Kangai, Everlyn Wemali Chitechi, James Koske, Boaz Waswa and Innocent Ngare  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Current methodologies and algorithms used to identify and quantify pollutants in sub-basins: A review

April-June, 2021

Over the past few years, water quality has been threatened and is vulnerable to various pollutants and climate variables. The deteriorating state of water resources/bodies has been further exacerbated by the impacts of climate change patterns in Southern Africa. Therefore, modelling and predicting the quality of water in sub-basins has become important in controlling water pollution. Remote sensing techniques gained...

Author(s): Noluthando Kheswa, Rimuka Bloodless Dzwairo, Thokozani Kanyerere and Sudhir Kumar Singh  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Antibody response, viral load, viral clearance and growth rate in Tanzanian free-range local chickens infected with lentogenic Newcastle disease virus

April-June 2021

This study is aimed at evaluating antibody responses, viral loads, viral clearance and growth rate of Tanzanian free-range local chicken (FRLC) challenged with LaSota strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) as indicator traits for selection of chickens for breeding with enhanced resistance to the disease and economic value. Three popular free-range local chicken ecotypes: Kuchi, Ching’wekwe and Morogoro-medium...

Author(s): James Richard Mushi, Gaspar Honorati Chiwanga,, Esther Lemburis Mollel, Muhammed Walugembe, Robert Arsen Max, Peter Makenga Msoffe, Rodrigo Gallardo, Terra Kelly, Susan Lamont, Jack Dekkers, Huaijun Zhou, and Amandus Muhairwa,  

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Ecological restoration of pastoral landscapes in the drylands of East Africa

May 2021

The East African drylands cover about 47% of the land surface and host about 20 million people. Rural people living in the drylands are mainly pastoralists who depend on livestock for both economic and social well-being. During the dry season, pastoralists apply strategic mobility to access grazing resources efficiently. However, this strategy has experienced change and constraints due to various demographic- and...

Author(s): Githae E. W. and Mutiga I. M.

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Impact of mining on environment: A case study of Taita Taveta County, Kenya

May 2021

Research on the impacts of mining on the environment was conducted on nine purposive selected mining sites in Kamtonga and Mkuki, Taita Taveta County, Kenya. The FOLCHI method was adopted to quantify the environmental impact of mining activities in gemstone mining sites. The affected environment surrounding the pits was broken down into three components such as Topography, Vegetation and Air. The effect of the three...

Author(s): Irene Wakio Mwakesi, Raphael Githiga Wahome and Daniel Weru Ichang’i

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Human dimension of the 1999 Marmara earthquakes in Turkey: Traumatic menthal health effects and consequences

April-June 2021

By definition, disasters are natural phenomena that occur unexpectedly. Moreover, throughout the ages, human communities have experienced numerous disasters and the expectation is that there will be as many more in the coming years. On a daily basis, there are reports of earthquakes, hurricanes, and flood disaster news on TVs, radios, and other news media. Therefore, it is important to understand the effects of natural...

Author(s): Bulut Sefa

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agronomic performance of new Jkuat papaya in different agro-ecological zones of kenya

May, 2021

Papaya is one of the most important fruits crops of Kenya. However, in the recent past, papaya productivity and quality have been limited by lack of high quality seeds. Most producers depend on farmer selected and imported seeds for propagation. However, this is not satisfactory since few farmers can afford imported seeds due to their high price. On the other hand, most of the farmer selected seeds give rise to trees...

Author(s): Noah Karan, Mwangi Githiri and Fredah Karambu Rimberia  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vivo study of antiplasmodium and histological activity of Garcinia kola and Aloe vera extracts against falciparum malaria

May, 2021

This study focuses on testing the efficacy of herbal remedy used in many homes within the South-Eastern part of Nigeria to treat malaria and also the histopathological effect of the remedy on albino rats. Twenty rats were procured and distributed with five rats to one group. Group 1 received Garcinia kola and Aloe vera extracts, Group 2 received only G. kola extract, Group 3 is negative control and Group 4 is positive...

Author(s): Onyinyechi Cecilia Amobi-Alor, Adanna Cynthia Eze, Chineye Lucy Ugwute, Nneka Mariam Unachukwu, Chika Udeh, Simeon Okolo, Chidimma Claribel Chikezie, Kelechi Mbah-Omeje and Felix Chukwuebuka Onyia  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Impact of family planning on maternal and infant mortality in Cameroon: Protocol for a clustered non-randomized controlled trial

April-June 2021

The study aimed to assess the impact of family planning on maternal and infant mortality in Tiko CDC plantation camp. This is a clustered non-randomized controlled trial with a predetermined intervention site (Tiko CDC plantation camp) and a control site (Pena Mboko camp). Four clusters were randomly selected in each group using simple ballot and the intervention administered in all clusters in the intervention...

Author(s): Agbor Nathan Emeh, Ngouakam Hermann and Nsagha Dickson Shey  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cocoa farmers’ perceptions of soil organic carbon effects on fertility, management and climate change in the Ashanti region of Ghana

May, 2021

Farmers can play an important role in climate change mitigation through sustainable soil management practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the Atwima Nwabiagya municipality of Ashanti region, Ghana, to explore farmers' knowledge and perceptions of their soils, soil fertility, applied management practices, and climate change on soil organic carbon. The interviews included topics...

Author(s): F. Adiyah, M. Fuchs, E. Michéli, E. Dawoe and E. Kovács

African Journal of Biotechnology
Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of AgNPS mediated by Ocimum sanctum

May 2021

This research focused on isolation of Silver Nano Particles (AgNPs) using leaf filtrate of Ocimum sanctum and evaluation of their antibacterial action against Bacillus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. It is known that plant extracts act as reducing agents, stabilizers and as capping agents. The O. sanctum plant was specifically selected due to its medicinal properties and abundant availability. The...

Author(s): A. V. Narasimha Swamy and R. Srinu Venkat Rao

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Stunting, feeding practice and its associated factors among children age from 6-59 months in Ziway Dugda Woreda, Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

January-June 2021

Adequate nutrition is vital to children’s growth and development. Globally, about 155 million children were stunted. About half of the child's mortality was related to child malnutrition in developing countries, including Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting, feeding practice, and associated factors among children age 6 to 59 months in Zeway Dugda district in 2019. A community-based...

Author(s): Meless Gebrie and Antenh Benti

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of the efficacy of Trichoderma and Pseudomonas species against bacterial wilt Ralstonia isolates of tomato (Lycopersicum species)

May 2021

Ralstonia solanacearum causes bacterial wilt of tomato and limits the crop production, and antagonistic microorganisms use to suppress the disease, of which Trichoderma and Pseudomonas species are the most effective agents to control bacterial wilt. In the present study, attempt was made to isolate these two microorganisms to evaluate their effectiveness to control R. solanacearum, the causal agent of bacterial wilt...

Author(s): Shashitu Alelign  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
The evaluation of soil fertility status of open space in campus area and their suitability for tropical fruits production

April-June 2021

This study aims to determine the level of fertility and the suitability of various types of tropical fruit from open space at Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha campus area in Jineng Dalem, Singaraja. 18 soil samples with 3 depth categories (25, 50, and 75 cm) were collected, and the properties analyzed are limited to the the following parameters: soil texture, pH, base saturation, organic carbon (%), DHL (µs cm-1),...

Author(s): Gunamantha I. M., Sudiana I. K., Sastrawidana D. K., Suryaputra I. N. G. A. and Oviantari M. V.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Water stress affects the physio-morphological development of tomato growth

May, 2021

This study aimed to differentiate and identify the best soil field capacity for good plant growth and optimization of yield. Tomato is an herbaceous crop that needs an adequate amount of water for growth and yield optimization. This experiment was conducted in pots in a greenhouse to examine the effect of water stress on the growth, yield, and shelf-life of five tomato varieties namely Padma F1, Cobra F1, Symbal F1,...

Author(s): K. E. Alordzinu, L. Jiuhao, S. A. Appiah, A. A. L. Aasmi, P. K. Blege and E. A. Afful

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Prevalence of diaper rash and associated factors among babies aged 0 to 24 months in Adama Administrative City, Central Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

May 2021

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of diaper rash and identify associated factors with diaper rash among children between 0 and 24 months of age in Adama Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted with mothers using structured questionaries during face to face interview to assess risk factors associated with diaper rash. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 and Chi-square test was used to...

Author(s): Siraj Jewaro, Yemane G. Mariam and Belay Ali  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
A cross-sectional pilot study on COVID-19 disease pattern, recovery status and effect of co-morbidities in Bangladesh

May, 2021

The COVID-19 disease has triggered the death of millions of people worldwide and has been the cause of 4,281 deaths in Bangladesh since 8th March 2020 till 31st August 2020. This cross-sectional study was aimed at discerning the pattern of COVID-19 among the people of this country the testing response, the recovery pattern of the patients and the effect of co-existing conditions on their recovery. An online...

Author(s): Md. Monirul Islam, Saimon Shahriar, Fahima Jannat Koly, Shaila Kabir, Abu Asad Choudhury, Jakir Ahmed Chowdhury, Md. Rafat Tahsin and Md. Shah Amran

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Role of mass gatherings in transmission of respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae

May 2021

Respiratory infection is one of the infections that can be transmitted in closed places due to the ease of transmission of pathogens from infected people to healthy people through droplets from coughing and sneezing, among these bacterial causes, Haemophilus influenza. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of this type of bacteria among pilgrims coming from different geographical locations in the world...

Author(s): Hamdi M. Al-Said

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Preliminary investigation on the quality of amasiri sandstone (Southeastern Nigeria) as construction material

April-June, 2021

The need to source for local construction materials that are appropriate for the massive developmental projects in Ebonyi State, southeastern Nigeria, has necessitated sampling and testing of the Maastrichtian Amasiri Sandstone in the Akpoha area of the state. Petrographic analysis and aggregate tests were conducted on six samples randomly selected from the rock deposit underlying the area. The petrographic analysis...

Author(s): Chioma Elizabeth Nwimo, Modestus Chijioke Ohaegbulem, Okechukwu Pius Aghamelu, Nonyelum Stella Iloanya and Chijioke Martin Nwachukwu

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Characteristics and pharmacological management of COVID-19 patients admitted at a hospital in Nairobi, Kenya

May, 2021

COVID-19 is a novel viral disease with little known about its management. The Nairobi Hospital (TNH) has been involved in managing these patients. This study sought to describe the patients admitted in the hospital due to COVID-19, their management and outcomes. This was a retrospective review of COVID-19 patients admitted at TNH between March and October 2020. Demographic and clinical data, pharmacological management...

Author(s): Kizito M. Mariita, Angela N. Wanjala and Carol K. Maina  

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Teaching the holocaust through digital heritage, experiential and project-based learning: Finding Matilda- A documentary by students, about a student, for students

April-June 2021

Recent research has reported that two-thirds of American Generation Z has vague knowledge of the genocide of World War II.  Twenty-two percent of millennials said that they have never heard of the Holocaust or were just not sure. Armed with this knowledge we set out to create a project, a documentary, to help students better understand this horrifying part of our history on terms that they can identify with. This...

Author(s): Susan Cardillo

African Journal of Biotechnology
Optimization of growth media for maximal production of insecticidal vegetative protein (vip3A) from Bacillus thuringiensis and its activity against black cutworm (Agrotis ipsilon)

May 2021

Bacillus thuringiensis is a Gram-positive bacterium naturally found in soil, water and grain dust. B. thuringiensis has been used for decades as biological control for pests of economical and medical importance. The aim of this study was to test different growth media for the optimal production of vegetative insecticidal protein (Vip3) by B. thuringiensis recovered from the local environment. The local B. thuringiensis...

Author(s): Fatimah Alshehrei, Doaa K. El-Ghareeb, Ashraf El Baz, Sameer Qari, Hanafy Hamza, Hussein H. Abulreesh, Hesham A. Malak, Rehab Elmougy and Gamal E. H. Osman,

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Smallholder adoption of technology: Evidence from the context of climate smart agriculture in South Africa

April-June 2021

Climate change represents a serious threat to African agriculture, consequently leading to water scarcity and climate variability. These challenges negatively impact agricultural production. Climate-smart Agriculture (CSA) technologies, such as drought-tolerant seed varieties (DTSVs), can provide a solution. However, effective adoption and use of these technologies within smallholder communities is not straight forward....

Author(s): Mmapatla Precious Senyolo, Thomas B. Long, Vincent Blok, Onno Omta and Gerben van der Velde  

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