Articles

 

Page 6 of 1271, showing 50 records out of 63524 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Establishing environmental specimen banking to monitor environmental challenges in Zimbabwe

February 2024

The need for Environmental Specimen Banking (ESB) in African countries, particularly in Zimbabwe, to store samples of various environmental matrices for future research, tracking and evaluating the environment's quality and health over time has become more urgent than ever. ESB is a long-term repository facility that stores samples of various environmental matrices, mainly including soil, sediment, and biota, for...

Author(s): Nkululeko Mathobela, Ningzheng Zhu and Xiang-Zhou Meng,

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of Brazilian irrigated agriculture: what to expect?

February, 2024

Ensuring food security is a significant challenge facing our society today. The goal of irrigation management is to enhance food production within the existing agricultural areas while considering environmental sustainability. In Brazil, the high demand for irrigation, coupled with various technologies employed in food production, necessitates a comprehensive understanding of the historical context and technical...

Author(s): Matheus Fonseca Durães  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impact of nutritional sovereignty of red meat on water consumption in the agricultural sector

February, 2024

Given the dependency of red meat production on water-depleting fodder crops, this research aimed to measure the impact of the nutritional sovereignty of red meat on water consumption in the agricultural sector. The most important findings of this study reveal that the total water used in the production of red meat amounted to 46.68 billion cubic meters, representing 10.14% of the total water consumption in the...

Author(s): Suliman A. Almojel, Adel M. Ghanem, Khalid N. Alrwis, Sahar A. Kamara, Sharafeldin B. Ahmed and Yusuf A. Krimly  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Production and profitability of maize and soybean grown in rotation in the North-Western Free State, South Africa

February, 2024

The production and profitability of maize in the North-Western Free State is important for the livelihood of South Africa’s population. Most of the country’s maize is produced in the area despite its sandy soils and semi-arid climate. Crop rotation has been identified as a management practice which has potential to maintain and improve crop production and profitability. This study’s objective was to...

Author(s): de Bruyn M. A., Nel A. A. and van Niekerk J. A.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Major soil fertility and management gaps in sorghum production in Lesotho

February, 2024

Sorghum is an important staple crop in Lesotho, following maize and wheat. The objective of this study was to assess soil fertility and management gaps in the country and their impact on sorghum production. In July 2022, an interview involving 320 Basotho farmers was carried out in 8 districts across Lesotho. The survey indicated that sorghum yield across the nation is low (< 1 ton/ha), with the major limiting...

Author(s): Fisseha Itanna, Puleng Letuma, Pitso Masupha, Monica Lephole and Barthlomew Chataika  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of field performance of compact coffee variety under selected propagation methods and soil fertility amendment practices in the Northern Zone, Tanzania

February, 2024

This study compares the field performance of three types of seedlings propagules (cuttings, grafting and seed) when combined with 75 g NPK (20:10:10) tree-1, 37.5 g NPK + (10 and 20 Kg Farmyard manure) tree-1. Two split plot experiments laid out in a Randomized Complete Block design (RCBD) with three replications were established at Lyamungu-Kilimanjaro region and Burka-Arusha region based on the existing climatic...

Author(s): Suzana G. Mbwambo, Sixbert K. Mourice and Akwilin J. P. Tarimo  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Morphological diversity of taro genus Xanthosoma collected in four geographical areas in Côte d’Ivoire based on qualitative traits

February, 2024

This study is part of the context of the development and sustainable management of neglected plant genetic resources in Côte d'Ivoire, including taro. The objective is to characterize the morphological diversity within taro accessions of the genus Xanthosoma from four geographical areas of Côte d'Ivoire. The study took place in the central, eastern, western and southern geographical areas of...

Author(s): Niambet Jean-Michel Koffi, Beket Séverin Bonny, Any Olivier Komenan, Chia Michelle Valérie Angui and Kouamé Kévin Koffi  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of the fertilizer application rates on the performance of the winter triticale on podzolic soil

February, 2024

The aim of this work was to assess the effect of different application rates of NPK fertilizer on the productivity of winter triticale varieties in podzolic soils. In this particular study, 3 varieties of winter triticale: Guera, Nemchinovskaya 56, and Nina were evaluated in 2020-2022 on the experimental fields of FIC "Nemchinovka". The best response to mineral nutrition was observed in the Guera variety,...

Author(s): Barry Mamadou, Alexander Chongera, Allen Duanyo, Vvedensky Valentin Valentinovich and Tegesov Dolgan Sergueievitch

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Resistance to aflatoxin contamination and genotypic colonization of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus in groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea)

February, 2024

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) is an important income-generating crop in sub-Saharan Africa. Biotic factors affecting production include fungal infections caused by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus leading to aflatoxin contamination. Resistant cultivars can be a potential cost-effective strategy and a feasible option to small scale farmers. This study aimed to compare the colonizing effect of the A. flavus...

Author(s): Owen Machuku, Langa Tembo, Munsanda Walubita, Nchimunya Bbebe and Erlangga Erlangga  

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Mapping of geological structures controlling mineralization in parts of the Lower Benue Trough, Nigeria, using high resolution aeromagnetic data

January-March, 2024

Nine Regional Aeromagnetic data sheets from the Lower Benue Trough, Nigeria have been interpreted using the centroid and forward modelling technique of spectral analysis with the aim of delineating structures that can possibly control mineralization within the trough. The residual magnetic map was analyzed using the geological cross-section to determine the number of anomalies and the Fourier transform method was used...

Author(s): Chukwuebuka J. Magbo and Chukwudi C. EZEH  

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Effect of basalt on the mechanical and thermal behavior of a lightweight concrete based on Typha australis

January-March, 2024

This article examines the impact of integrating basalt aggregates into concrete based on Typha australis for housing applications. We conducted an experimental study focusing on mechanical and thermal characterization to analyze the influence of basalt aggregates compared to the results of previous work on T. australis concrete without basalt. The results indicate that both density and mechanical resistance to...

Author(s): Azibert Oumar Abdelhakh, Alhadj Hisseine Issaka, Malloum Soultan, Djibril Sow and Salif Gaye  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Establishment of an efficient regeneration protocol of six different varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

February 2024

An efficient callogenesis and regeneration protocol was optimized for six different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties including Chakwal-50, Galaxy-01, NARC-09, Pakistan-13, Millat-11, and Borlog-14. For callogenesis, mature seeds of each variety were used as explant, surface sterilization, and culturing were carried out on MS medium enhanced with dissimilar levels (0.5, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5, 4.5, and 5.5 mg/L) of...

Author(s): Bo Chen†, Muhammad Tahir†, Fatima, Sara Zafar, Hui Li, Jia Li, Arthur J. Ragauskas,, Caiming Gou, Hayssam M. Ali and Manzar Abbas

African Journal of Biotechnology
Multi-resistance to carbapenems by the production of Imipenemase (IMP)-types carbapenemases in Gram-negative bacilli in Burkina Faso

February 2024

The growing prevalence of Imipenemase (IMP) metallo-beta-lactamases (MBL) producing strains of Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) pathogens is a real concern for clinicians in the light of therapeutic impasses driven. However, resistance genes encoding these enzymes are hardly documented in Burkina Faso. This study aims to show carbapenem-resistance mediated by the production of IMP-type carbapenemase in GNB clinical strains...

Author(s): Damis Yves Patrik Bouniounou, Amana Metuor Dabire, Rahimatou Yasmine Tiemtore, Serge Sougue, Pegdwende Rose Bonkoungou and Jacques Simpore

African Journal of Biotechnology
The effect of clarification methods on quality attributes of sugarcane-watermelon wine fermented by palm wine yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)

February 2024

Clarification of wine is aimed at improving the quality of the product by removing haze. In this study, the effect of two clarification methods namely membrane filtration technique and the use of Keiselguhr diatomaceous earth powder on the physico-chemical and sensory attributes of wine produced using sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L) and watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris L) juice blended in the ratio 1:1 (v/v)...

Author(s): Edmond Osebhajimhende Uguomore, Ndukwe Maduka and Ihuoma Ahaotu

African Journal of Biotechnology
Distribution of cassava mosaic begomoviruses in the North-Western provinces of Democratic Republic of Congo

February 2024

This study was carried out for the first time in the North-Western Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) as part of the Viral Epidemiology in West and Central Africa (WAVE) program. Its dual aim was to identify and map the viruses responsible for African cassava mosaic in this part of the country. Cassava leaf samples were collected during a geo-referenced survey conducted from 1st February to 31st March, 2022 in...

Author(s): Olivier Likiti Kola, Rosine Kisuka Muvirirwa, Guy-Roger Diko Eboma, Jean-Claude Bulonza Mulimbanya, Tony Bakelena Zeyimo, Onésime Mubenga Kankonda and Godefroid Monde te-Kazangba

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Microbiological evaluation and possible origins of the microbial contamination of vegetables in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

February 2024

This study aimed to contribute to the health safety of widely consumed vegetables in Ouagadougou by investigating the potential contamination of onion, tomato, cucumber and lettuce with pathogenic microorganisms. A survey was conducted, involving 102 producers in fields, 102 vendors in markets, and 205 consumers. The most commonly consumed vegetables were identified as onion, tomato, cucumber and lettuce. A total of 264...

Author(s): Hanseni Bognini, Assèta Kagambèga, Bertrand Tiendrebéogo, Abdallah Sawadogo and Nicolas Barro

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiotic resistance profile of Escherichia coli isolates among patients suspected of urinary tract infections at the Souro Sanou University Hospital Centre of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

February 2024

This study aims to describe the antibiotics resistance (antimicrobial resistance [AMR]) profile of Escherichia coli isolates among patients suspected of urinary tract infections (UTIs) at the Souro Sanou University Hospital Center (SSHUC) of Bobo-Dioulasso in Burkina Faso. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from June 1 to August 31, 2021 at SSUHC. An exhaustive sampling was performed and the urine samples...

Author(s): Merci Muhigwa, Dinanibé Kambriré, Herman Karim Sombié,, Fernand Michodigni, Ruth Anagossi, Nina Gouba and Abdoul Salam Ouédraogo,

African Journal of History and Culture
Bride wealth payment and girl child development challenges in Ghana: Recounting the narratives

January-June 2024

Bride wealth payment is deeply rooted in most customary marriages in Ghana. This study examines how these entrenched practices undermine the development of the girl child, using the Bongo District in Ghana as a case study. Data were collected from 40 participants who were purposively selected in a case study design. Primary data were generated through interviews, and thematic data analysis was utilized. The study found...

Author(s): Akosewine Francis Akapini, Florence Naah Bamora and Flora Chirani

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Staphylococcus aureus sequence type (ST) 1 isolated from sub clinical mastitis in settled Fulani herds in Kaduna State, Nigeria

January-June 2024

A study was carried out to monitor the sequence type of Staphylococcus aureus from bovine mastitic milk in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The dairy cows and fresh milk samples were analyzed for clinical and subclinical mastitis, followed by isolation of S. aureus and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Twenty-eight S. aureus were isolated phenotypically from bovine subclinical mastitis which were further examined molecularly...

Author(s): Umaru G. A., Kwaga J. K. P., Bello M., Raji M. A., Joshua I. A., Ido F. G., Ba X. I. and Holmes M. A.  

African Journal of Food Science
Quality variation in shea butter and olein from Irepodun Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria

February 2024

In this study, the physicochemical characteristics, alpha tocopherol and fatty acid profile of shea butter sold in Kishi market (Local shea butter, LSB) and the olein (local shea olein, LSO) were compared with improved shea butter (ISB) and improved shea olein, (ISO) extracted from shea kernels from Kishi farmland. The ISB had 2.06±0.03% free fatty acid, 1.02±0.03 mEqO2/kg peroxide value,...

Author(s): A. O. Korede, F. O. Adeboyejo, O. O. Fapojuwo and O. A. Ogunwole

African Journal of Food Science
Prevalence of Campylobacter species in chicken meat retailed in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

February 2024

Poultry meats have been considered the primary source of campylobacteriosis infections among various foods. This study was performed to detect the presence of Campylobacter species in retail chicken meat and organs. Eighty-six samples (thighs = 21, breasts = 16, legs = 21, wings =17, and livers = 11) were collected from supermarkets and retail shops in Jazan city. Cultivation and isolation of Campylobacter species...

Author(s): Yahya Ali and Eklas M. H. Sawadi

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Panamá disease tropical race 4 in banana plantations in Mozambique: Disease intensity, spatial distribution and negative socio-economic impact

January-March 2024

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4 (Foc TR4) devastated the second-largest banana plantation farm in Northern Mozambique, resulting in an 86% loss of the Cavendish Williams banana area and the layoff of 88% of the workers. This study conducted a field survey with 119 soil and 26 crop samples and administered a questionnaire in a quasi-experimental design with two samples, randomly selected, of unemployed...

Author(s): Eunice Paula Armando Cavane, Amândio Muthambe, Ana Monjane and Miguel Dita  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Adoption and utilization of business innovations of agricultural research in Uganda: Empirical analysis

January-March 2024

This paper seeks to examine the adoption of business innovations within the context of the agricultural sector in Uganda. The findings emerge from research carried out to assess the utilization of business innovations of research in Uganda considering National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) as a reference, specifically to find out the association between innovation attributes and their use on-farm, as well as...

Author(s): Alex Barekye and Caleb Tamwesigire

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Compliance toward ethical leadership among school principals: A synthesis of qualitative research-based evidences

January-June 2024

Ethical leadership has proven to be pivotal in fostering efficiency and effectiveness across various organizations. It cultivates employees' confidence, commitment, job satisfaction and enhances their performance, thereby contributing to organizational stability and competitiveness. Given its significance, ethical leadership has become a global priority, garnering attention from both organizations and educational...

Author(s): Kennedy Dastan Kaduma

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability and stability analysis of multi environments trials for durum wheat grain yield in Ethiopia

January-March 2024

Genotype x Environment interactions and identification of stable genotypes in crop breeding programs for the production of grain crops under rain fed environments have become challenging. The study aimed to identify high yielding and stable durum wheat genotypes that are best suited for the relatively long season, high rain fall wheat growing environment of Ethiopia. In the study a total of 51 durum wheat genotypes...

Author(s): Alemayehu Zemede, Yewubdar Shewaye, Mekuria T., Shitaye H. and Wasihun L.  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Performance of early-maturing topcross maize hybrids across multi-environments

January-March 2024

Maize is one of the most important cereal crops used as source of food and feed. Identification of suitable maize inbred lines and testers for the development of stable maize hybrids can be challenging. The assessments of the combining ability of selected maize inbred lines and testers, agronomic performance and yield stability of the resultant topcross hybrids would provide useful information that would guide the...

Author(s): Anthony Job, Innocent Osemare Iseghohi, Moses Terngu Igyuve, Richard Olayiwola, Richard Akinwale, Gabriel Ogala Ojo, Ayodeji Abe, Oluwafemi Obisesan and Emmanuel Ogundare  

Scientific Research and Essays
Analyzing determinants shaping access to and perceptions of campus food banks in maritime university settings

January-March, 2024

This research delves into the pervasive issue of food insecurity among university students, with a specific focus on Canada's Maritime Provinces. The study elucidates the intricate relationship between household food insecurity and critical factors that influence a student's academic performance, financial stability, and overall well-being. Additionally, it reveals a disconcerting underutilization of Campus Food...

Author(s): Mitch Archibald, Sylvain Charlebois and Janet Music  

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Quantitatively immaterial audit misstatements matter qualitatively

January-March 2024

The research aimed to assess whether quantitatively negligible (immaterial) misstatements identified by auditors could offer valuable qualitative information for investors. The objective was to explore the qualitative characteristics of these quantitatively trivial misstatements. Initially, through a literature analysis and expert evaluation, the most significant qualitative characteristics were identified....

Author(s): Audrius Masiulevicius

Journal of African Studies and Development
The importance of project in underdeveloped countries

January-March 2024

In underdeveloped countries like Africa, where socio-economic challenges persist and hinder progress, the role of projects emerges as a pivotal force in catalyzing sustainable development. Projects serve as catalysts for economic development by fostering job creation and income generation. According to a study by Johnson and Brown, successful projects not only provide immediate employment but also equip local...

Author(s): Adams E. Ukeyima

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Avian species composition, distribution and abundance in selected habitat types in Lake Manyara National Park, Northern Tanzania

January-March 2024

The study conducted at Lake Manyara National Park (LMNP) in 2021, covering both wet and dry seasons in aquatic, forest and woodland habitats, utilized the point count method to collect data on bird species composition, abundance and distribution. The results revealed a total of 171 identified bird species belonging to 52 families and 17 orders. Significant differences in species abundance were observed between woodland...

Author(s): Rajabu Mikole, Grayson Mwakalebe, Evaline Munisi, Richard D. Lyamuya, Revocatus Meney and Emmanuel Masenga

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Conserving precious urban freshwater bodies: A case study of Telangana, India

January-March 2024

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) recognizes sovereign rights of States over their bioresources and also determines terms of accessing them, which is subject to their national legislation. India is among the 196 Contracting Parties to CBD and enacted the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 to claim sovereign rights over its bioresources and associated traditional knowledge (TK), and to meet its national...

Author(s): Gaini Sailu and Syeda Azeem Unnisa,

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Diatomaceous earths: Alternative insecticides to Malathion in the Soudano-Guinean agro-ecological zone of Cameroon against stored maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

January-June 2024

Experiments were carried out in ambient laboratory conditions to evaluate the effect of Fossil-Shield and SilicoSec, and Malathion against Sitophilus zeamais on stored Cameroonian maize variety CMS8501. The DE products were applied at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 g/kg of maize grains and Malathion at 0.5 g/kg of maize. Adult mortality, F1 progeny emergence, population increase, grain damage, grain weight loss, and seed...

Author(s): Elias Nchiwan Nukenine, Gabriel Tagne Fotso, Simon Pierre Yinyang Danga, Katamssadan Haman Tofel, Jean Wini Goudoungou and Cornel Adler  

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Resistance profile of isolated bacterial urinary tract infections in children in Abidjan from 2018 to 2020

January-June 2024

Urinary infection is a common pathology in children. It constitutes the second cause of pediatric consultation after respiratory infections. It is a public health problem, with 150 million cases of urinary tract infections recorded worldwide every year. The objective of this study was to update data on the prevalence of bacteria isolated from urinary infections in children and determine the evolution of sensitivity to...

Author(s): Tatiana Kangah, Sophia Lurette Okpo, Jean Claude Anne, Adompo Jaurès Cedric Yapi, Clarisse Kouamé-Elogne, Abalé Toty, Nathalie Guessend and Mireille Dosso,

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Role of crop diversification on occurrence of sap-sucking insect pests and their associated natural enemies on tomato

January-March 2024

Tomato production is constrained by arthropod pests and diseases. Among the arthropod pests, sap-sucking insect pests such as whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius 1889)), aphids (Aphis spp.) and Thrips sp. are the insect pests of economic importance in the study area. The overall result indicated that intercropping significantly reduced the population of these insect pests compared to sole tomato. The most effective...

Author(s): Belachew Dabalo, Mulatu Wakgari and Tarekegn Fite

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology
Evaluation of the ventilatory function of Senegalese dental laboratory technicians

January-June 2024

The objective of this study was to assess the ventilatory function of Senegalese dental technicians by comparing them to a control group of healthy individuals not exposed to dental laboratory products. A cross-sectional descriptive and comparative study was conducted, and spirometric examinations were performed in the Respiratory Functional Investigation room of the Laboratory of Physiology and Functional Explorations,...

Author(s): Papa Abdou Lecor, Malick Gueye, Abdou Khadir Sow, Moctar Gueye and Abdoulaye Ba  

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Environmental consequences of energy commodities and economic growth: Evidence from Nigeria

January-March 2024

This study explored the relationship between energy commodities, economic growth, and Nigeria's carbon dioxide (CO?) emissions spanning from 1981 to 2021. Employing the Vector Error Correction Mechanism (VECM) process, the study revealed a negative correlation between fossil fuel consumption, economic growth, and carbon dioxide emissions. Long-term elasticities indicate that carbon dioxide emissions would rise by 24...

Author(s): Okezie A. Ihugba, Osmond Okonkwo, Precious L. Akobundu, Joseph Ukwunna, Pamela A. Ndukwe-Ani and Olanyinka Oyelade  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antihyperglycemic and pancreatic ?-Cells protective effects of Cassia siamea in Alloxan-induced diabetic wistar rats

January 2024

The study aimed to investigate the β-cell protective effects of ethanol extracts of Cassia siamea (Fabaceae) leaves (LECS). Initially, acute toxicity of LECS (2000 mg/kg/day/bw; po) was assessed in rats. In vitro, antioxidant activity was evaluated on HUVEC cultures. Subsequently, acute hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic properties were examined for three doses of LECS (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg/bw; po) in Wistar...

Author(s): Camille KOFFI, N’goran Mathieu KOUAME, Kouassi Eugène KOFFI, Kanga Sita N’ZOUÉ, N’guessan Alain Roland YAO, Brahima DOUKOURE and Mamadou KAMAGATE  

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Factors contributing to glycaemic control in an urban population of adults living with type 2 diabetes in Cameroon: A community-based cross-sectional study

January-June 2024

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of poor glucose control and identify contributing factors among type 2 diabetes patients in the Bamenda III health district, North West Region, Cameroon. A community-based cross-sectional study involved 162 adults with type 2 diabetes (mean age 58.7±9.5 years) in the Bamenda III health district, recruited using convenient sampling. Anthropometric measurements and blood...

Author(s): Loveline Lum Niba and Lifoter Kenneth Navti

African Journal of History and Culture
Peasantry and economic violence in Cameroon rural milieu: An ethnosociology of the Lomie subdivision in the second decade of the 21st century

January-June 2024

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that the peasant populations of Lomié, as well as rural populations in Cameroon and Africa more broadly, are experiencing a significant disruption in their connection with nature due to the economic impact of forestry and hunting capitalism entering African peasant communities. In the case of the studied villages in Lomié, it becomes evident that there is a...

Author(s): Salomon ESSAGA ETEME

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Molecular distribution of Plasmodium falciparum antimalarial drug resistance genes in Plateau State, North Central Nigeria

January-June 2024

Malaria elimination activities are facing new threats, such as the global COVID-19 pandemic, which may deprioritize efforts to track the emergence of resistance to antimalarial drugs. This study aimed to determine the profile of genes for antimalarial drug resistance in Plateau State, North-central, Nigeria.This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from January to September 2018 by screening 3114 asymptomatic...

Author(s): Terver Mark Akindigh, Danaan Anthony Dakul, Georgina Samuel Mwansat, Stephen Oguche, Ogwuche Joseph Abba, Umar Uzal, Dinchi Tyem, Davou Dung Pam, David Oguche and Hayward Babale Mafuyai

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Comprehensive evaluation of antiacne properties: HPLC analysis of crude extract from Aloe buettneri leaves against Cutibacterium acnes-induced acne

January, 2024

The hydroethanolic extract of Aloe buettneri was assessed for its anti-acne activity in a Cutibacterium acnes-induced acne model in rats as part of this study. Conventional therapies for acne often entail serious side effects. Total phenols, quantified using the Folin-Ciocalteu method, were found to be at a concentration of 16 ± 0.3 mg GAE/g, while total flavonoids, determined using the aluminum chloride method,...

Author(s): Affo Dermane, Bignoate Kombate, Kossi Metowogo and Kwashie Eklu-Gadegbeku

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Environmental management policies, practices and compliance with National and International Standards in the Eastern Industrial Park, Dukem Town, Ethiopia

January-June, 2024

An environmental policy is a written statement describing an organization’s mission in relation to environmental impacts of its operational activities. However, many industries of developing country fail to implement their environmental policy. The problem also manifested in certain industrial parks of Ethiopia. Hence, this study intended to examine environmental management policies, practices and compliance in...

Author(s): Bekele Girma Ayele  

Journal of Cancer Research and Experimental Oncology
Epidemiology and association of risk factors with molecular data of oral cancer in Senegal sub-Sahara region

January-June 2024

Oral cavity cancers appear to be more common among head and neck cancers (HNCs). Its incidence and etiology vary from country to country. In this study, the aim is to describe the epidemiological profile and emerge the risk factors for oral cancer in Senegal and their association with genetic alterations. The study is prospective and was conducted on 54 patients and 54 controls. Epidemiological and clinicopathological...

Author(s): Mame Diarra Samb, Fatimata Mbaye, Henri Diatta, Mouhamadou Makhtar Ndiaye, Silly Toure and Mbacke Sembene  

Botswana Journal of Economics
Impact of treasury single account on corruption in the Nigerian public sector

January 2024

This research looked at the impact of the Treasury Single Account (TSA) on the degree of corruption in Nigeria's public sector. The study was driven by the rising amount of public corruption, in which several agencies maintained numerous accounts without accountability. To combat this threat, the federal government implemented the TSA strategy. The question is, how does the Treasury Single Account Policy affect...

Author(s): Ojapinwa Taiwo Victor, and Ojo Tope Joshua  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Major hoof and musculoskeletal disorders of cart pulling mules with special reference to lameness in Bahir Dar town, northwestern Ethiopia

January-March 2024

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bahir Dar town, Northwestern Ethiopia, to quantify the major hoof and musculoskeletal disorders of cart mules and identify their predisposing factors. Both physical examinations of 250 cart mules and a questionnaire survey of 174 volunteer cart owners or drivers were used. The overall prevalence of gait problems was 18.8%, of which 83% were lameness, 6.3% staggering gait, and...

Author(s): Dagmawit Atalel, Kassaye Aragaw and Berhanu Mekibib  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Professional competence and extension service delivery in Thulamela Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa

January-March 2024

The purpose of this study was to assess the extension practitioners' demonstration of professional competencies in extension service delivery to small-holder farmers in the Thulamela municipality. The study employed a cross-sectional survey design. The assessment was conducted by soliciting the views of 80 crop and animal farmers in the municipality who were serviced by extension practitioners that had undergone...

Author(s): Afful D. B. and Mudzanani F. F.  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
The influence of socio-economic household characteristics on farmer resilience to climate change in Northern Ghana

January-March 2024

Approaches to improved resilience of small-farmers due to the effects of climate change are of critical concern. This study investigates the socio-economic factors that influence small-scale farmers’ on-farm resilience in northern Ghana using seven resilient approaches adopted in the study area. Using a multi-stage sampling approach, a total of 300 small-scale farmers were interviewed. A bivariate analysis...

Author(s): Benjamin Bilalam Jabik  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Land degradation and possible mitigation measures in Ethiopia: A review

January-March 2024

Land degradation is considered an important topic of the 21st century, associated with the decline in soil fertility, and has become a serious threat to agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. Land degradation is widely recognized as reducing agricultural potential and contributing to ongoing food insecurity and rural poverty. The economy of Ethiopia is primarily based on agriculture, and Ethiopia has...

Author(s): Belay Asnake  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Effect of transformational leadership on data-informed instruction and student achievement

January-June 2024

The purpose of the study was to better understand the extent to which middle school principals' transformational leadership styles affect teachers' data-informed instruction, the influence of teachers' data-informed instruction on middle school student achievement, and the extent to which transformational leaders affect student achievement through data-informed instruction. Therefore, for this study, survey...

Author(s): Beverly Cheri Neal

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Perception of the preferences of the links in the Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) value chain in Burkina Faso

January-March 2024

Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L, Cleomaceae) is used in many parts of the world as an emergency crop, enabling populations to survive periods of hunger and famine. It is a leafy vegetable much appreciated by local populations, whose tender leaves and stems are used to prepare a variety of local dishes. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the perceptions and preferences of stakeholders in the C. gynandra L....

Author(s): SAKANDE Boureima, ZIDA Wendpagnagdé Félicien Marie Serge, SORY Siédou, KIEBRE Zakaria and BATIONO/KANDO Pauline  

Page 6 of 1271, showing 50 records out of 63524 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300