Articles

 

Page 6 of 1181, showing 50 records out of 59032 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

January-March 2020

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Prevalence of dyslipidemia in a Burkinabe military population

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia in soldiers received at the laboratory of the Medical Center Camp General Aboubacar Sangoulé Lamizana (CMCGASL) for a medical visit. This is a prospective study of 224 military personnel assigned to peacekeeping missions outside Burkina Faso. The study was conducted over the period of September 2017 to November 2017. Included in the study...

Author(s): Raoul Karfo, Fabrice Mohamed Kangambega, Elie Kabre, Ouedraogo Paulette, Zakaria Nacro, Zakaria Sanogo, Adama Dao, Jean Sakandé and Lassane Sangaré

January-March 2020

International Journal of English and Literature
Deconstructing postcolonial scopic regimes: The subversion of power imaginaries in the novels of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Sony Labou Tansi

This paper examines the relationship between visuality, knowledge and power in the postcolonial African novel. With examples from selected texts of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Sony Labou Tansi, it argues that visual culture, usually employed in the analysis of cultural images and material iconographies in media studies, can aptly be employed in textual analysis given that postcolonial novels are primarily engaged with...

Author(s): Gilbert Ndi Shang

January-March 2020

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Wild potatoes of series Circaeifolia (Solanun section Petota) in the Bolivian Andean region, a new evaluation of its distribution

The Circaeifolia series species are only from Bolivia. They are species that have particular morphological characteristics different from any other within the Petota section. The taxa of the series Circaeifolia, Solanum circaeifolim, Solanum capsicibaccatum and Solanum soestii (recently grouped as Solanum stipuloideum Rusby) have been distinguished by morphological characteristics and molecular analysis, however, they...

Author(s): Coca Morante, Mario  

January-March 2020

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Woody fodder species in three agro-ecological Parklands of Arba Minch Zuria Woreda, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda of SNNPR, Ethiopia on Parkland agroforestry practices in three agro-ecological zones. The objective of the study was to investigate the fodder tree and shrub species composition, richness, diversity and structure. Key Informant Interviews and Focus Group Discussions were held. In total, ninety 50 m × 20 m plots were laid and standard procedures were followed....

Author(s): Aynalem Gochera, Simon Shibru and Yisehak Kechero

January-June 2020

Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution
Conspicuously absent: Women’s role in conflict resolution and peace building in northern Uganda in the context of United Nations resolution 1325

The study, Conspicuously Absent: Women’s Role in Conflict Resolution and Peace Building in Northern Uganda in the Context of United Nations Resolution 1325. The research was carried out in war ravaged Acholi sub region covering the districts of Amuru, Gulu, Kitgum and Pader because they are located in the centre of Northern Uganda conflict between the Government and the rebels commonly known as the Lord’s...

Author(s): Catherine Jendia  

January 2020

African Journal of Business Management
Elucidative motives of social and environmental reporting in Ethiopian companies

Stakeholders’ conscious follow-up on companies’ operation pressured business organizations to be responsible for the society and environment. Companies social and environmental reporting is essential to ease this pressure. Despite its importance, there is no clear consensus on the motivation of companies for their reporting. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the motivational factors influencing...

Author(s): Kasu Birbirsa Baje, Kirubel Asgedew Yemenu and Sitina Akmel Surur  

January 2020

African Journal of Business Management
Did index trader and swap dealer activity produce a bubble in the agricultural commodity market?

This paper investigates the role of speculative activity in the agricultural commodity futures market in the period 2006-2017. Specifically, the study tests the causal relationship between the prices of fourteen agricultural commodities listed on the US commodity market Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) and Chicago Board of Trade (CBT) and the trading activity of commodity index traders (CITs) and swap dealers. The...

Author(s): Maria Gaia Soana, Giovanni Verga and Mattia Volpi

January 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Comparative bacteriological analysis of stored borehole water sources in Oyo town, Oyo State, Nigeria

Water contamination is one of the leading causes of deaths and diseases worldwide, accounting for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily, majority being children under 5 years old, therefore periodic monitoring of municipal water supplies are necessary. Comparative bacteriological analyses of twenty five samples of stored borehole water from five hostels in a tertiary institution in Oyo, Oyo State, was carried out...

Author(s): Oluwasanmi Anuoluwapo ADEYEMI, Tobiloba Kehinde EFUNWOLE and Afolake Atinuke OLANBIWONINU

January-June 2020

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Fixed lifetime inventory system with double order under useful lifetime based model

The problem of outdating in the fixed lifetime inventory system has been the focus of researchers in the last decade. Results show that while outdating is being minimized, shortages have become a problem. To eliminate or reduce shortages in the fixed lifetime inventory system, we propose a model where, there are two orders, one period apart in arriving into the inventory system. The second order is designed to satisfy...

Author(s): Izevbizua O. and Mukoro E. S.  

January, 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Molecular profiling of growth hormone in the juvenile hybrid grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus ♀× Epinephelus polyphekadion ♂)

Many factors contribute to the underdevelopment of oceanic aquaculture. The most significant factor of the development of hybrid grouper culture is the supply of satisfactory quantities of fast growing juveniles to stock grow-out systems at a minimized cost. In order to evaluate the growth hormone status of hybrid grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus ♀× Epinephelus polyphekadion ♂), cDNA encoding growth hormone from...

Author(s): Eric Amenyogbe, Gang Chen,  Jian Sheng Huang, and Zhongliang Wang,  

January, 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Screening of chickpea genotypes for resistance to Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris) under field conditions in Ethiopia

Fusarium wilt is one of the economical important vascular root diseases affecting chickpea. A total of 427 chickpea germplasms were grouped into two types, desi type (385) and kabuli. 42 genotypes were evaluated to identify fusarium wilt resistant sources in Debre Zeit sick plot under natural infected field. The genotypes were grown in 2017/18 main cropping season and augmented design was used without replications;...

Author(s): Asrat Zewdie and Tolesa Bedasa  

January 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antiproliferative effect of Amburana cearensis seed extracts on human cancer cell lines

Amburana cearensis A. C. Smith (Fabaceae) is a plant of Brazil, popularly known as umburana or cumaru, and is widely used in folk medicine. The population uses its bark and seeds against many pathologies including cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the antiproliferative effect of A. cearensis extracts on human tumor cell lines of HT-29 colon adenocarcinoma and HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as on...

Author(s): Aline Aires Aguiar, Ernane Gerre Pereira Bastos, Ilsamar Mendes Soares, Ivana Grivicich, Jéssica Machado Miri, Sérgio Donizeti Ascêncio and Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar  

January 2020

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical characterization of epicuticular coating of apples sold in Abuja Nigeria

Most of the apples consumed across Nigeria are imported from South Africa, Europe and United States of America. Despite the epicuticular hydrophobic wax naturally produced by the fruit which makes it resistant to external spoilage factors, extra coating is usually employed by producers for protection against biotic and abiotic attack during storage in order to extend shelf-life. Nowadays, Nigerians have raised concerns...

Author(s): Ibrahim J. A., Fatokun O. T., Abiola V., Esievo K. B., Adamu A., Samali A., Okhale S. E. and Egharevba H. O.  

January 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antimicrobial susceptibility of Flavobacteriaceae isolates from Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Tanzania

This study aimed to assess antimicrobial susceptibility of members of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Antimicrobial susceptibility of 67 Flavobacteriaceae isolates originating mainly from ponds and Lake Victoria against 19 antimicrobial agents was determined by the broth micro dilution method. Overall, most isolates were susceptible to enrofloxacin (97%; MIC90 2 μg/ml)...

Author(s): Elisa Mwega, Augustino Chengula, Duncan Colquhoun, Stephen Mutoloki, Robinson Mdegela, Øystein Evensen and Yngvild Wasteson  

January 2020

African Journal of Plant Science
Application technology of imidacloprid in wheat: Effects on Schizaphis graminum management and natural enemies

Wheat production is dependent on costly insecticides that generate social and environmental issues. The growing demand for a rate reduction of spray applications and increased spray efficiency make essential the research for more adequate crop management. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate technologies of imidacloprid application on wheat aphid, Schizaphis graminum and its natural enemies, Chrysoperla externa and...

Author(s): William A. Machado†, Stephan M. Carvalho, João Paulo A. R. da Cunha, Sérgio M. Silva and Ernane M. Lemes  

January 2020

African Journal of Business Management
Leader–member exchange, organizational citizenship behaviours and performance of Ghanaian Technical University Lecturers

This study investigates the mediating role of organizational citizenship behaviours (OCBs) on the leader-member exchange (LMX) and employee performance relation and the degree to which work experience moderates the relation between leader-member exchange and OCBs. Lecturers from six technical universities in Ghana, making up three hundred and thirty-six lecturers, were selected using convenience sampling. The...

Author(s): Eli Ayawo Atatsi, Petru Lucian Curşeu, Jol Stoffers, and Ad Kil

January 2020

African Journal of Business Management
Determinants of business companies’ economic performance in Burkina Faso

This study examines the determinants of entreprises economic performance in trade, industry and services sectors in Burkina Faso. Based on data from a sample of 179 companies of 2013 financial statements, various analyzes highlight effects of economic, financial, environmental and managements variables on company performance. The results of econometric estimations using the logit model show the...

Author(s): Zakaya Ramde

January-June 2020

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Active surveillance of infection caused by Aphanomyces invadans in Malawi

In Malawi, fish is regarded as a cheapest source of animal proteins and other macronutrients. Recent epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) outbreaks reported in countries sharing Chobe-Zambezi river system like Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Republic of South Africa, have posed a major threat to fish production. Malawi’s biggest and important Shire River connects to Zambezi...

Author(s): Barnett Kaphuka, Gilson R. Njunga, Gladson Kamwendo and Brino B. Chirwa  

January-June 2020

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
A retrospective analysis of a large case series investigating a novel non-incisional periodontal therapy

Chronic periodontitis is a prevalent condition, affecting nearly half of the adult US population aged 30 years or older. When left untreated, the condition can lead to debilitating tooth loss. While there are well established therapies for all degrees of disease, many are expensive and out of reach to those who lack access to care for medical, socio-economic, or geographic reasons. Scaling and root planing (SC/RP) is...

Author(s): Dennis Szymaitis, Josephine Yvorra, John Gunsolley and John Spitznagel Jr.  

January, 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Histopathological and genetic study on the protective role of β-Carotene on testicular tissue of adult male albino rats treated with titanium dioxide nanoparticles

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles are one of the famous widely produced nanoparticles in the world that are widely used in paints, cosmetics, plastics, pharmaceutical preparations, water treatment and purification and filtration of air. Beta carotene is provitamin A carotenoid with antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities. The aim of this study is to evaluate the histopathological changes that occur in the testicular...

Author(s): Amira Hamed Mohamed Soliman, Ibrahim Amin Ibrahim, Mohammed Ahmed Shehata and Heba Osama Mohammed  

January-March 2020

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Views of health care providers on factors hindering women with obstetric fistula in seeking fistula repair services in Zambia: The case of Muchinga, Luapula, Eastern and Southern provinces

Poor use of fistula repair services has contributed to the continued consequences of obstetric fistula that are physical, psychological, social, financial and economic among the afflicted women. The study was designed to assess views of health care providers on factors hindering women with obstetric fistula in seeking fistula repair services. A descriptive cross sectional design was used. Sixty-five (65) health care...

Author(s): Nchimunya Nambala Tembo, Jon Odland, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Concepta Namukolo Kwaleyela, Patricia Katowa Mukwato and Margaret C. Maimbolwa  

January, 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical screening and in vitro evaluation of antibacterial activity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of root and stem bark of Bridelia ferruginea. Benth. (Euphorbiaceae)

This study aimed at analysing the phytochemical content and antimicrobial activity of Bridelia ferrugine against selected bacteria. Total saponin, alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids and total anthraquinone contents were evaluated using spectrophotometric equivalents of the standards. The antibacterial activity of the plant extracts were determined using Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal...

Author(s): Mela Ilu Luka, Stanley Chukwudozie Onuoha, Vincent Olasoji Oladele and John Aguiyi  

January-March 2020

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Ovopet® a new and effective treatment to decrease inflammation, pain and lameness in competing trotters

The use of nutritional supplements for joint problems has received much attention in recent years. At this sight, Ovopet®, an innovative ingredient from eggshell membrane that ensures the supply of nutrients necessary for the repair of joints together with anti-inflammatory compounds of natural origin, appears as a natural alternative supplementation for the treatment of joint problems in horses. Thus the aim of...

Author(s): Erena Gil-Quintana, Andrea Molero and Andrés Aguirre  

January-March 2020

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Aerobic bacterial isolates, incidence rate and associated risk factors of heifer and cow mastitis in and around Debre-Libanos district, Oromia, Ethiopia

The investigation was led from February-November 2014 longitudinally to recognize aerobic bacterial isolates, estimate incidence rate, identify the associated risk factors and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of heifer and cow mastitis in and around Debre-Libanos district. An aggregate of 31 Jersey and Holstein-Fresian cross heifers that were left for less than a month to calve were sampled and pursued for the initial...

Author(s): Daniel Fisseha, Tesfaye Sisay Tessema and Biruk Tesfaye Birhanu  

January - March 2020

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Survival and predictors of mortality from multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) among patients treated at MDR-TB Referal Hospitals in Ethiopia: A retrospective cohort study

The extent and burden of MDR-TB varies significantly from country to country. In Africa, fewer than half of patients receiving therapy for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) are successfully treated. Even though MDR-TB treatment was started in 2009 survival of MDR-TB treatment particularly of adverse treatment outcome is not studied in national level.  Institution based retrospective cohort study was conducted at...

Author(s): Mulugeta Shegaze Shimbre, Tamiru Shibru Degaga, Sultan Hussen Hebo,  Zerihun Zerdo Tadele Girum and Teklu Teshome  

January - March 2020

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Psychoactive substance: Determining its harmful and dependent use patterns and associated level of risks among high school students in Afar region, Ethiopia

This research investigates psychoactive substance abuse that causes significant health problems in its various chemical effects. It also determines the patterns of its use and level of risk of harm assessment to humans. Harmful determination is dependent upon patterns used in psychoactive substance and its associated level of risk among high school students in Afar region, Ethiopia. The study described a survey of 400...

Author(s): Tariku Woldemikael Tekesa  

January - March 2020

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practices of healthcare workers about prevention and control of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis at Infectious Diseases Hospital Kano, Nigeria

Tuberculosis is one of the major public health problems in Kano. With the occurrence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, little is known about the views of health care workers on this disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of healthcare professionals about prevention and control of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) at Infectious Diseases Hospital (IDH), Kano,...

Author(s): Ahmad Salisu Aliyu, Hafsat Usman , Haruna Alhaji Bura , Auwalu Yahaya and Nuru Yakubu Umar  

January, 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Productivity impact of growth enhancement support scheme on maize farm households in Kano State, Nigeria

In Nigeria, farmers depend on government support for farm inputs in form of subsidies in order to improve their livelihoods. In this article, the productivity impact of the Growth Enhancement Support Scheme (GESS) input subsidy support program implemented was examined in 2011. The study employs a two-stage probability design to collect household survey data from 390 households in Kano State. As an analytical approach,...

Author(s): Tiri G. D., Mlay G. I. and Roselyne A.  

January, 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Screening of sesame genotypes for resistance against Fusarium wilt pathogen

Fusarium wilt is one of the most devastating diseases in sesame production in Uganda, caused by a fungus called Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. sesami. Its incidence ranges from 17.1 to 73.3%. Some sesame genotypes have been reported to resist Fusarium wilt; however, have not been precisely determined. In this study, 30 sesame genotypes that included released varieties, improved elite breeding lines and introductions were...

Author(s): Z. S. Ngamba, G. Tusiime, P. Gibson, R. Edema, M. Biruma, W. O. Anyanga, P. A. L. Masawe and E. Kafiriti  

January, 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Management of the legume pod borer Maruca vitrata Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) with field applications of the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana and a mixed formulation of the baculovirus MaviMNPV with emulsifiable neem oil

The present study assessed the effectiveness of the entomopathogen fungus Beauveria bassiana in comparison with neem oil combined with the baculovirus MaviMNPV and a synthetic insecticide deltamethrin for the control of Maruca vitrata Fabricius under field conditions. The trial was conducted in six villages at Glazoue and Djakotomey, two districts in Benin. Four treatments consisting of (1) untreated control, (2) neem +...

Author(s): Joelle Toffa Mehinto, Yeyinou Laura Estelle Loko, Ouorou Kobi Douro Kpindou, Elie Ayitondji Dannon, Karimou Zanzana, Parfait Kassa, Appolinaire Adandonon  and Manuele Tamò  

January, 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Relationship between fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) infestation and the physicochemical changes in fresh fruits

Infestation of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) causes physical and chemical changes in fresh fruit. Moreover, each species of fruit may react differently to the injuries caused by oviposition and larva feeding. In this study, we associated fruit fly infestation with physicochemical changes in five fruit species during six storage times. Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) infestation caused change in peel firmness (PEF),...

Author(s): Léo Rodrigo Ferreira Louzeiro, Miguel Francisco de Souza-Filho, Adalton Raga and Flávio Luís Schmidt  

January, 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Inclusion of Sargassum muticum and Parkia biglobosa in diets for African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) elevates feed utilization, growth and immune parameters

The use of antimicrobial agents and antibiotics as remedial measures against fish diseases has been questioned. The huge amounts of antibiotics used in animal husbandry has exerted a very strong selection pressure on the resistance among bacteria, which have adapted to this situation, mainly by a horizontal and philandering flow of resistance genes. Prebiotics, probiotics and symbiotics have been proposed as strategic...

Author(s): Abdul-Malik Abdul-Qadir, Aliyu-Paiko Mohammed, Kabir Mohammed Adamu and Aliyu-Abdullahi Abdulraheem

January, 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Factors affecting adoption of dairy cattle milk production technologies in Mosop Sub County, Nandi County, Kenya

The study was carried out with the specific objective of analyzing the socio-economic factors affecting adoption of dairy cattle milk production technologies by smallholder dairy farmers in Mosop Sub County, Nandi County, Kenya. The study was guided by Innovation Diffusion Theory and descriptive research design was used. Cluster sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to collect data from a sample of...

Author(s): Job K. Kosgei, Elijah K. Ng’eno and Joash K. Kibett  

January-March, 2020

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Assessment of groundwater quality condition at Tarauni dumpsite area, Kano Northwestern Nigeria

2-D resistivity imaging and physicochemical analysis were used to investigate the intrusion of leachates on groundwater quality around a dumpsite in Tarauni Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria. Four (4) imaging traverse lines were established and Wenner configuration was adopted using an electrode spacing from 5.0, 10.0, 15.0 to 60.0 m. Data collected from the imaging were inverted using AGI EarthImager 2D...

Author(s): Ismaila Adenoyi Sule, Mohammed Saleh, Maryam Lawan, Abdulrahim Ali Bunawa and Farouq Mohammed Jibril  

January-March 2020

International Journal of Livestock Production
Characterization of scavenging and intensive chicken production system in Lume District, East Showa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

This study is aimed at characterizing scavenging and intensive chicken production system in Lume district of East Shoa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Random samplings were employed to select sample kebeles and purposively select respondents based on numbers of chicken population in scavenging and production system (intensive) to identify the specific challenges affecting chicken production. Questionnaires were...

Author(s): Alemayehu Guteta and Negasi Ameha  

January, 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Evaluation of pharmaceuticals in household waste in Senador Canedo, State of Goiás, Brazil

The disposal of pharmaceuticals has become a problem for society and public health and causes risks to the environment. Therefore, the objective of this work was to evaluate the number of pharmaceuticals and the classes of the most discarded pharmaceuticals in household waste in Senador Canedo, Goiás, Brazil. The study was conducted in Senador Canedo, GO, Brazil (16° 42' 28'' S, 49° 5'...

Author(s): Pollyana Dalenogari Costa and Lúcia Maria Moraes  

January 2020

African Journal of Food Science
Effects of diet substitution with defatted kernels of mango (Mangifera indica) and wild mango varieties (Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombolu) on weight and plasma lipid profile of Wistar rats

Effects of defatted mango (Mangifera indica) and wild mango (Irvingia gabonensis, Irvingia wombolu) kernels in substituted diets of commercial feed, on weight and plasma lipid profile were analysed using Wistar rats after 21-day feeding. Lipid profiling was conducted using enzymatic/colorimetric techniques. The substitution with each kernel type in the commercial feed was 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%. Diet substitution of up...

Author(s): Arogba Sunday Salifu and Omada Adams Akogwu  

January-June

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Analysis of fish market chain for Lake Zeway, Central Ethiopia

Although fish is economically and socially important, its marketing chain and their characteristics have not yet been studied and analyzed for Lake Zeway, Central Ethiopia, where great potential of fish production exists. The study was initiated to investigate the fish marketing chain in this area. This was done by identifying the marketing channels of fish and the major factors influencing its market supply. Data were...

Author(s): Yonas Mebrate and Aemro Worku  

January-March 2020

Journal of Economics and International Finance
The role of internal auditors to implement IFRS9: Case of Lebanese banks

The implementation of IFRS9 as with any structural change to accounting policies requires a strategic development and implementation, and a concerted effort from many departments. This paper investigated the role of internal auditors at Lebanese banks in the implementation of accounting standards. The local banking system is surveyed in a targeted manner to test for significant shortcomings in the ideal strategic...

Author(s): Oussama Chedid and Jamil Chaya  

January-June 2020

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Bactericidal activities of the leaf extract of Spondias mombin L. plant used for culinary and therapeutically purposes in Ivory Coast

The leaves of Spondias mombin L. consumed as infusion in Ivory Coast are used to treat gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea. In this study, the leaves’ extract, after purification by the ethyl acetate method, was evaluated for its effect on growth and cell viability of two Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC25923 and Listeria monocytogenes ATCC25051) and four Gram negative bacteria...

Author(s): Irène Ahou Kouadio, Paulin Amin Yapi and Moussa Sanogo  

January-June 2020

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
The potential use of Lentinus edodes to manage and control water hyacinth in Zimbabwe

The rapid expansion and reproduction of certain plant species represents one of the biggest problems in aquatic environments, ranging from eutrophication to the limited availability of water for human consumption. Among these plants is water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), a herbaceous hydrophyte often branded the world’s worst aquatic weed due to its invasive aggression, negative impact on aquatic environments,...

Author(s): Nompumelelo Sibanda, Oziniel Ruzvidzo, Cuthbert J. Zvidzai, Arnold B. Mashingaidze, Tshegofatso B. Dikobe, Mutsa M. Takundwa, David T. Kawadza, Lebogang M. Katata-Seru, Sibonani S. Mlambo and Chrispen Murungweni

January-June 2020

Journal of Biophysics and Structural Biology
Physical basis of the DNA double helix

Despite the widely spread acceptance that the enthalpy of DNA duplex unfolding does not depend on temperature and is greater for the CG base pair held by three hydrogen bonds than for the AT base pair held by only two hydrogen bonds, direct calorimetric measurement has shown that the enthalpic and entropic contributions of both base pairs are temperature dependent and at all temperatures they are greater for the AT base...

Author(s): Peter L.  Privalov  

January-June 2020

African Journal of History and Culture
The shared pain of a culture’s decline: A study of Femi Abodunrin’s ‘The Dancing Masquerade’

Although in recent years Africans have, through their very rich indigenous performing traditions, began once again to re-affirm the functionality of their arts, yet not many people today have tried to relate these to questions of mass mobilization and conscientization. It is   believed that African art and particularly traditional African theatre, story-telling or art serve a social function with several...

Author(s): Ogungbemi Christopher Akinola  

January-June 2020

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Assessment of the microbial quality of seafood and effects of salt concentration and temperature on isolated microorganisms

Seafood is part of a healthful diet, but seafood consumption is not risk-free because of sea contaminations by anthropogenic activities and environmental factors. Their microbiological quality is of major concern to the food processors, consumers and public health authorities hence the need for proper assessment of the microbial quality. This study therefore characterizes pathogenic microorganisms isolated from fresh...

Author(s): OMOYA F. O. and AJAYI A. T.  

January-June 2020

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Selection of appropriate substrate for production of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)

Mushroom production is an economically viable biotechnology process for conversion of various agro-industrial wastes into food. Mushroom, a fruiting body of macrofungi has been valued throughout the world as either food or medicine for more than three thousand years ago. The mushroom grows on a vast number of substrate and environment. Substrate compromises different agro-industrial residues that possess varied property...

Author(s): Yohannes Besufekad, Abraham Mekonnen, Bikila Girma, Robel Daniel, Getahun Tassema,  Jale Melkamu, Malesu Asefa, Tsehaynesh Fikiru and Lalise Denboba  

January-June 2020

International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
Haulm application and dipping treatments of gibberellic acid on tuber dormancy breaking and sprout induction of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Central Highlands of Ethiopia

Potato, an important food and nutrition security can be produced two or more times in a year in Ethiopia. It plays an important role in human diet and a source of income for smallholder farmers. However, its productivity is low owing to limited availability of planting materials and poor tuber sprouting of improved varieties. Lack of quality seed is a major problem affecting expansion of potato production.  The...

Author(s): Abebe Chindi and Tekalign Tsegaw

January 2020

African Journal of Food Science
Influence of different traditional production processes on the antioxidant capacity and vitamin C content of baobab (Adansonia digitata) juice

This study aims to assess the effect of traditional production processes of baobab juice on its antioxidant and vitamin C content. A survey was conducted in the North region of Cameroon and the 4 main processes identified were subsequently used to prepare juice samples at two different baobab pulp/sugar ratios per litre (42 g/62 g and 87.5 g/231 g) that were analysed. The main difference between the 4 processes reported...

Author(s): Laure MAPTOUOM, Alex TCHUENCHIEU, Brice SAHA, Quentin METSATEDEM, Ferdinand EDOUN, Romelle FEUMBA, Gabriel MEDOUA, Dieudonné NJAMEN and Elie FOKOU  

January-March 2020

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Analysis of socio-economic contribution of agroforestry systems to smallholder farmers around Jimma town, Southwestern Ethiopia

Integration of trees into land use practices is an old-aged experience of smallholder farmers in Southwest Ethiopia. The contribution of this practice is much undermined. The objective of this study was to assess socio-economic contributions of agroforestry system to smallholder farmers around Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 199 households were proportionally sampled from the three selected sites (Mazora,...

Author(s): Endale Bekele Jiru, Zerihun Kebebew and Ermias Melaku

January-June 2020

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Histopathology of neem shoot naturally infected with Phomopsis azadirachtae (the die-back of neem pathogen)

Phomopsis azadirachtae Sateesh, Bhat and Devaki, the incitant of die-back of neem is a deuteromycetous fungus which infects the neem trees of all ages and sizes. The chief symptoms of the disease are twig blight, inflorescence blight and fruit rot. In the present study, histopathological studies of die-back infected neem shoots were carried out. Neem shoots showing twig blight symptoms were considered for the study....

Author(s): K. Girish, S. Shankara Bhat and S. K. Fathima  

January-March 2020

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Influence of psychological training on personal and professional development and group cohesiveness among the staff of residential campus, BRAC University

The present study aims to identify the impact of psychological training on the staff of BRAC University and how it has increased the group bonding of staff members. To see the impact, researchers conducted a series of training session with the participants over a span of one year. After the training, data were collected through interview method from the 18 participants. Besides, observation method was applied to see...

Author(s): Safina Binte Enayet, Anne Anthonia Baroi and Kazi Rumana Haque  

Page 6 of 1181, showing 50 records out of 59032 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300