Articles

 

Page 6 of 1135, showing 50 records out of 56709 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Intercropping in Zimbabwe conservation agriculture systems using a farmer-participatory research approach

Smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are under increasing pressure due in part to climate change and soil degradation, with many farming households unable to achieve even basic food self-sufficiency. Conservation Agriculture (CA) is a possible solution to these challenges, but the lack of sufficient biomass for mulch has limited wide-scale adoption, and many farmers who practice CA resort to adding...

Author(s): M. Salomons, A. Braul, L. Jazi and M. H. Entz  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of maize (Zea maysL) inbred lines to different herbicide combinations

A field experiment was carried out at Agricultural Seed and Services Research Station in Zimbabwe to evaluate the response of maize inbred lines to different herbicide combinations. The trial was laid out in a 5×12 split plot design replicated three times. Herbicide combination was main plot factor with five levels; Hand-hoeing;metolachlor+ atrazine;metolachlor+ atrazine+ nicosulfuron; metolachlor+ atrazine+...

Author(s): Nyasha Sakadzo, Kasirayi Makaza, Ignatius Chagonda and Jimmy Shanangura, and Tafadzwa T Haripo  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Sustainable land management and ecological service assessment in Northwest of China: Case study of Yanchi, People’s Republic of China

This research aims to assess the driving factors hindering the effectiveness of these protected areas implemented to counter land degradation and evaluate the services provided by these ecosystems in the North West of China. With Ningxia province, Yanchi County chosen as experimental research area, preferential sampling technique was used with 50 plots of (quadrat) laid for plant community characteristics survey...

Author(s): Kossi Fandjinou, Kebin Zhang, Fousseni Folega and Xiaohui Yang  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Technology transfer and anthropotechnology: An analysis of the sugarcane harvesting in Australia and Brazil

The present paper conducts a comparative analysis of the operation of sugarcane harvesting machines in their original place of design (Australia) and in a recipient country of this technology (Brazil). The method comprised Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA) and the assumptions of anthropotechnology proposed by Wisner. The results achieved depict the similarities and differences between the two countries regarding: (a) the...

Author(s): Lidiane Regina Narimoto and João Alberto Camarotto  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Rainfall variability and its implications for agricultural production in Gedarif State, Eastern Sudan

Rainfed agriculture is practiced in the central clay plains of Sudan and is affected by the high rainfall variability in time and space within and between seasons. This study focused on analyzing rainfall variability and trend using a 30-year record (1985-2014) of seven meteorological stations at the major agricultural production areas in Gedarif state in eastern Sudan. Yearly rainfall has relatively low variability...

Author(s): Lotfie A. Yousif, Abdelrahman A. Khatir, Faisal M. El-Hag, Ahmed M. Abdelkarim, Hussain S. Adam, Abdelhadi A. Wahab, Yasunori Kurosaki  and Imad-eldin A. Ali-Babiker,  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of cutting height on nutritional characteristics of three agroforestry tree legume species and their feed supplement value on Chloris gayana Kunth.

This study investigated the effect of cutting height (30 and 100 cm) on chemical composition and in vitro digestibility in field-grown Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze. (Prairie acacia), Leucaena pallida Britton & Rose (guaja) and Mimosa scabrella Bentham. (bracatinga) legumes and their value in supplementing a basal diet of Chloris gayana Kunth. (Rhodes grass). Cutting height did not affect major chemical...

Author(s): Marguerite Mukangango, , Ewa Wredle, Mupenzi Mutimura and A. Sigrun Dahlin  

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Population dynamics of white mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) in Western Ethiopia

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is the third most important fruit crop in the tropics following citrus and banana. It is consumed as a fresh fruit and different forms of preparations for its multifaceted nutritional values. Mango production in Ethiopia is constrained by infestation of white mango scale (WMS), Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead. White mango scale was recorded from Ethiopia for the first time in 2010, in a...

Author(s): Ofgaa Djirata, Emana Getu and Kahuthia-Gathu Ruth    

August 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of markets on fish farming adoption: The case of Chingale in Malawi

The challenges constraining the contribution of aquaculture to food security and household incomes have mostly been documented as low utilization of improved feed, lack of improved seed and unfriendly financing services. This study looked at the influence of markets including market information on adopting aquaculture technologies. Data were collected from 110 farmers in Zomba District, Malawi. Using a logit model,...

Author(s): Regson Chaweza and Joseph Nagoli  

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Application of molecular and biotechnological techniques in plant disease management: A review

Plant diseases are a major challenge in crop production. They are caused by nematodes, bacteria, fungi, viruses as well as plant nutritional factors. Diseases interfere with the normal physiological and metabolic processes of plants. This results in various effects including wilting, stunting, yellowing and death of plant tissues and organs. Crop losses due to diseases manifest in form of reduced yield, poor quality...

Author(s): Olivier Dayou, Maina Mwangi , Andrew Ogolla Egesa, Peter Munyao Muteti and Careen Ihazano Chumba  

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
In vitro inhibitory potentials of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Hyptis suaveolens on fungi associated with postharvest spoilage of Brassica oleracea

The inhibitory potential of Hyptis suaveolens leaf and root extracts on fungi associated with postharvest spoilage of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) was examined. Collection of diseased cabbage was done in sterile sample bags . Isolation of fungi was carried out by inoculating small sections of diseased tissues excised from the cabbages unto Petri-dishes containing Acidified Potato Dextrose Agar (APDA)....

Author(s): Chidiebere R. Agbawodike, Ayodele A. Sobowale, Jonathan S. Gbolagade and Ifeanyi Oscar N. Aguzie  

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Technological properties and sugar tolerance performance of palm wine yeasts isolated from parts of Nsukka, Nigeria

The ability of yeasts to survive and produce significant ethanol in high sugar medium and high ethanol environment is essential for the use of such yeasts in industrial and edible ethanol production. Four Saccharomyces spp. strains () isolated from palm wine and an industrial strain were studied in high glucose medium for ethanol production and ability to survive in high sugar medium. Saccharomyces cerevisiae...

Author(s): Nsikak U. Stephen, Obeta J. Ugwuanyi and Ukponobong E. Antia  

August 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic variability, heritability and expected genetic advance of yield and yield related traits in common bean genotypes (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at Abaya and Yabello, Southern Ethiopia

This experiment was conducted to evaluate 36 common bean genotypes including seven released varieties to generate information on the extent of genetic variability, heritability and expected genetic advance of yield and yield related traits. The field experiment was conducted in 2015 at two locations (Abaya and Yabello) and genotypes were planted in triple lattice design. Data were collected on yield and important...

Author(s): Ejigu Ejara, Wassu Mohammed and Berhanu Amsalu  

July 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
The role of human resource development on the implementation of differential advantage approach in OVOP Projects, Kenya

The study seeks to fill an information gap of critical role of human resource development in the implementation of differential advantage approach in Kenya One Village One Product (OVOP) projects. It seems that Kenya OVOP was a government-driven project with emphasis on product development, a deviation from its origin model which was people driven movement and put an emphasis on human resources development. It therefore...

Author(s): Nyamu G. K., Wagah G. G. and Obala L. M.

July 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Biochemical changes in superchilled storage of salmon (Salmo salar) fillets

Biochemical changes of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fillets during superchilled storage were evaluated. Due to the significant differences in ice crystal sizes observed, the biochemical changes were evaluated both at the top and centre parts of the superchilled samples. No significant differences were found in biochemical changes between top and centre parts of the superchilled samples. The amount of cell tissue fluid...

Author(s): Lilian Daniel Kaale, Trude Johansen and Turid Rustad

July 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Cytotaxonomic study of the larvae of blackfly (Diptera: Simuliidae) from River-Ose, Ondo State, Nigeria

A study of the cytotaxonomy of the larvae of blackfly was undertaken at three sites, Imeri A, Imeri B, and Ose-oba, along River Ose in Ondo State, Nigeria. Based on the morphology of the larvae and the resultant pupae, three species of blackflies were identified. These included Simulium damnosum complex, Simulium alcocki, and one yet to be identified (YI). Investigations on the polytene chromosomes from the salivary...

Author(s): Ajayi, O. J. and Olusi, T. A.  

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effects of L-Arginine supplementation of drinking water on the kidney and liver of Sasso chickens

The present study was conducted to determine the effects of L-arginine supplementation of drinking water on the kidney and liver of Sasso chickens. The study comprised 297 mixed sex Sasso chickens of twelve-weeks old raised in floor pens, the birds were randomly distributed into three treatments and three replicates with thirty-three birds per replicate. The design of the experiment is the completely randomized design...

Author(s): Alabi, O.O., Shoyombo, A.J., Animashahun, R.A., Olawoye, S.O., Abdulazeez, J.O., Faduhunsi, O.O and Oladehinbo, D. O.

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Livestock-feed balance in small and fragmented land holdings: The case of Wolayta zone, Southern Ethiopia

Ethiopia owns immense but largely untapped livestock resources scattered over diverse agro-ecologies. Feed scarcity is one of the major technical constraints in livestock production and thus challenges the economic contribution of the livestock sub-sector. For optimum and sustainable livestock productivity, the available feed resource should match with the animal population in a given area. This study was aimed at...

Author(s): Tibebu Kochare, Berhan Tamir and Yisehak Kechero

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Phenotypic characterization of pigs and their production system in Liberia

Native pig farming is an important component of rural farming systems in Liberia but the population has recently stagnated, due to the absence of a comprehensive improvement and conservation program. A survey was conducted to measure the phenotypic morphometric parameters and production system of native and exotic pigs of Liberia. The survey was carried out in 15 Counties of Liberia and covered 545 animals from 264...

Author(s): Arthur Bob Karnuah, Richard Osei-Amponsah, Gregory Dunga, Arthur Wennah, Walter T. Wiles and Paul Boettcher

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Incidence of pre-pregnancy and pregnancy-related illnesses in rural women accessing antenatal care services in Awka, south-east, Nigeria

Nigeria accounts for a considerable proportion of maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide. The study investigated the incidence of pre-pregnancy and pregnancy-related illnesses in women accessing antenatal care services at health facilities in Awka South Local Government Area, Anambra State. The study adopted cross-sectional research design. The population comprised 3,207 registered pregnant women from January to...

Author(s): Ugoma Deborah Ezeani, Olaoluwa Samson Agbaje, Chucks E. Ezedum, Prince Iheanachor Christian Umoke, Cylia N. Iweama and Kiloh A. Nfor

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Precision health contributions to public health: An integrative review

Precision health is an all-encompassing term, which can describe a type of care that shows the intersectionality of genomics, precision health or medicine and public health. This integrative review aimed to investigate how precision health strategies could contribute to the public health and improve health-related outcomes among populations. The search strategy included 5 main keywords combined with other 63...

Author(s): Vineeth Amba, Marina Celly Martins Ribeiro de Souza, Carole Kenner and Carolina Marques Borges

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Malaria outbreak and contracting factors in Afar Region, Ethiopia, 2016

On July 5, 2016, Amibera District Health office was alerted of excess of malaria cases in two villages. Within July 5 to 17, 2016 malaria outbreak and associations factors were investigated. A malaria case is when a person with fever or fever with headache is confirmed either microscopically to have Plasmodium parasites or by Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) to detect the malaria antigens. In the last five years malaria data...

Author(s): Mitiku Bonsa Debela, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, and Taklu Marama Mokonnon

July 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical properties of starches extracted from local cassava varieties with the aid of crude pectolytic enzymes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ATCC 52712)

Starches extracted from root mashes of the Nkabom, Esam Bankye, Bankyehemaa, Doku Duade and Afisiafi cassava varieties, with the aid of (crude) pectolytic enzymes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae pectolytic were analysed to compare effects of (pectolytic) enzyme technology on the physicochemical properties of the extracted starches. This was to help establish the extent to which varietal differences affect application of...

Author(s): Japheth Kwame Agyepong and John Barimah  

July 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Enhancing the retention of β-carotene and vitamin C in dried mango using alternative blanching processes

The effects of microwave (MW) dry blanching of mango in comparison with conventional water blanching and blanching in closed plastic bags prior to hot air drying (70°C) were evaluated on the retention of vitamin C and β-carotene and on the activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) enzymes. Blanching conditions for MW and water blanching were 2 min at 90°C high temperature and...

Author(s): Isabel I. R. Guiamba, Lilia Ahrné and Ulf Svanberg

July 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Evaluation of thigh muscles of 3 breeds of cattle (White Fulani, Sokoto Gudali and Red Bororo)

If different breeds or muscles of animal have same composition is a food for thought. Do muscles from animals eaten as food, have different chemical composition? This study evaluates composition of thigh muscles from three breeds of cattle and the different muscles in the thigh. Nine 1-year male cattle, comprising of 3 Sokoto Gudali (SG), 3 White Fulani (WF) and 3 Red Bororo (RB) breeds were reared semi-intensively, fed...

Author(s): Fakolade P. O., Aluko O. P. and Omiwole J. O.  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Limitations and strategies to enhance biological nitrogen fixation in sub-humid tropics of Western Ethiopia

Currently, inorganic nitrogen fertilizer becomes a serious threat to the environment and human health. Thus, finding of alternate source of nitrogen is a viable option in assuring of sustainable agricultural system. Biological nitrogen fixation is a critical and key process in sustainable agricultural systems in tropical soils, which are frequently deficient in N and susceptible to leaching of plant nutrients. This...

Author(s): Alemayehu Dabessa, Zerihun Abebe and Solomon Bekele

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability in a quality protein maize (QPM) population under double viral infections

The type of gene action conferring combined resistance to maize streak virus (MSV) and maize stripe virus (MStV) was investigated in a Quality Protein Maize (QPM) population, ART/98/SW6-OB. Full-sib and half-sib progenies generated using North Carolina Design I mating scheme were evaluated in 2015 and 2016 in two locations endemic to the viral diseases in Nigeria. Serological study was also conducted on the progenies to...

Author(s): Qudrah Olaitan Oloyede-Kamiyo, Kehinde Titilope Kareem and Amos Oluwaseun Ajagbe

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Genetic analysis for grain yield and yield related traits in maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines in line × tester mating design

Maize is one of the most important cereal crop widely grown in the world. Maize crosses along with similar maturing checks were evaluated at Hawassa in 2015-2016 cropping season to understand the nature of gene action governing yield and its attributes through line × tester analysis and to study genetic contribution of line, tester and the interaction of line × tester to total variation. The experiment was...

Author(s): Natol Bakala, Berhanu Abate and Mandefero Nigusie

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Incidence of seed borne fungi in farm saved rice seeds, quality declared seed and certified seed in Morogoro Region in Tanzania

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the second most important food crop after maize in Tanzania. It faces many challenges like diseases, pests and physical damages, which reduce the seed quality. This article identified microorganisms and the district where they occurred. 13 fungal species comprising of 11 pathogenic and 2 saprophytic fungi were detected and the incidence level varied among sample. Mvomero District showed the...

Author(s): A. D. Kwaloe, , D. G. Msuya, S. Nchimbi-Msolla, D. P. Tokpah and Z. Luther  

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Phenotypic and serological evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.Walp) genotypes for resistance to viral infection under field conditions

Viral infections are a major challenge to sustainable cowpea production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Nine cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) genotypes were evaluated for resistance against viral infection in a field trial involving randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Viral disease severity was assessed at 2, 4 and 6 weeks after planting (WAP) based on disease symptoms. Double antibody sandwich-enzyme...

Author(s): Elvis Asare-Bediako, Vera Essandoh A. and Aaron Asare T.

July 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Influence of land use practices on water physicochemical parameters and nutrients loading along the Mara River of East Africa

Mara River originates from the Mau Forest and traverses through landscapes with varying activities. Over the years, Mara River Basin has witnessed population increase, accompanied with conversion of forestlands into agricultural farms, human settlements, industrial and tourist activities and development of urban centres. Land uses along riverine areas have influence on water quality and may affect health of surrounding...

Author(s): Martin S. M. Wafula, Philip. O. Owuor, Fredrick O. Kengara, Ayub V. O. Ofula# and Said-Ally Matano

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Comparative analysis of climate change impact on livestock in relation to biomass base feed availability using standardized precipitation index in south-western Ethiopia

The standardized precipitation index and normalized difference vegetation index on event incidences (at different time scale) and biomass feed dry matter production, were used to assess climate change influences on feed availability. A significant decline (p<0.05) in feed dry matter availability indices across years was observed. The deviation from normality shows that the biomass feed production could vary...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo, Yoseph Mekasha Gebere, Habtemariam Kassa and Tamado Tana  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Prospects and challenges of management of smallholders' Wovwe Rice Irrigation Scheme in Malawi through participatory approach

The concept of participatory approach in irrigation management was adopted in Malawi in the mid 1990s, but fully implemented in early 2000. This research was designed to analyze the challenges and benefits which Water User Associations (WUAs) encountered during implementation of irrigation projects using Wovwe Water User Association (WWUA) as a case study. The study thus examined the legal framework of WUAs in Malawi,...

Author(s): Douglas J. B. Gondwe and Aloyce W. Mayo

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Technology tracking: Understanding decisions to adopt, not to adopt, and dis-adopt household greywater filtration systems

Jordan is one of the world’s water-poorest countries. The demand for potable and productive water is ever increasing due to population growth, climate change, increasing numbers of refugees hosted by the country, as well as heightened demand from a growing economy and its different sectors. Household greywater filtration systems (HGWFS) are ideal for repurposing greywater, from wastewater into productive use for...

Author(s): Dessalegn Bezaiet, Shinan Kassam, Nargiza Ludgate and Ahmad Al Ulayyan

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Adaptability evaluation of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes at Western Ethiopia

Fifteen common bean genotypes were tested at four locations with two management regimes of lime treated and lime untreated acidic soils. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with three replications during 2016/17 cropping season. The combined analysis of variance over environments showed significant differences among environments, genotypes, genotype x environment interaction (GEI), management, genotype by...

Author(s): Habtamu Alemu Keba  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Micro-propagation of Colocasia esculenta (cv. Bolosso I) from corm and sprout tip explants

Taro (Colocasia esculenta L.) is a perennial, aquatic and semi-aquatic species, member of the family Araceae grown for its edible tuberous root. The application of conventional propagation techniques for taro could not produce the high demand and quality planting materials due to its low productive capacity and diseases transmission. Therefore, this study was carried out to develop micro-propagation protocol for...

Author(s): Adelegn Bogale  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Combining ability and gene action of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes in Southern Ethiopia

This work identifies the combining ability of 10 hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) parents and 45F1 hybrids obtained from 10 x 10 half diallel. The work aims to identify the parents with the best general combining ability (gca) and crosses with high specific combining ability (sca) for yield, quality and nature of gene action involved. The study was conducted during 2015-2016 at six environments in Southern Ethiopia using...

Author(s): Abrham Shumbulo, Mandefiro Nigussie and Sentayehu Alamerew  

July 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of the major ectoparasites of poultry in extensive and intensive farms in Jimma, southwestern Ethiopia

Ectoparasites pose a serious health threat and constitute major impediments in poultry production in many countries of the world including Ethiopia. However, they are paid less attention as endoparasites and infectious diseases; the huge economic burden of the parasites need a comprehensive study encompassing both intensive and free range poultry in order to generate accurate information about the disease. The current...

Author(s): Wario Mata, Wako Galgalo and Kula Jilo  

July 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Influence of anthropogenic activities and seasons on heavy metals in spring water along Amala and Nyangores tributaries of the Mara River Basin

Anthropogenic activities, including replacing natural forests with human settlements and increased agricultural activities have environmental impacts. The activities can contaminate aquatic ecosystems including spring waters that are sources of major rivers like the Amala and Nyangores, tributaries of Mara River in Mau Complex. In the complex, forestlands have been converted to human settlements and agricultural lands....

Author(s): James J. Owuor, Philip O. Owuor, Fredrick O. Kengara, Ayub V. O. Ofula and Ally-Said Matano

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Genotypic variation, demographic characteristics and risk factors of hepatitis C virus in Scotland

Knowledge on the epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has implicit significance for the diagnosis, duration and treatment response of infected patients, as some genotypes are more responsive to therapy than others. In this paper, an examination of the possible association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes with demographic and risk factors for transmission was described. The study utilized routinely collected data...

Author(s): Iveren Winifred Nyinoh

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition among school adolescents in Gobu Seyo District, East Wollega Zone, Oromia regional state of West Ethiopia, 2016

Adolescence is the transitional period between childhood and adulthood. During this, nutrient needs are greatest. There is so little data on adolescents' nutrition and research needs are immense. The objective of the study was to assess prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition in school adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. A cross-sectional study was conducted at GobuSeyo district in December, 2016. Using...

Author(s): Kassahun Tegegne Bidu, TsedekeWolde Hailemariam, Elias Legesse Negeri and Zalalem Kaba Babure  

July 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women in selected hospitals in South East Nigeria

Late booking for antenatal care is a frequent occurrence among pregnant women in Nigeria unlike in most developed countries. The objective of the study was to determine the maternal, socio-cultural, religious, and institutional/systemic factors that determine late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women in Enugu, Nigeria. Descriptive, cross-sectional questionnaire based method was employed in the study. A...

Author(s): Ada Carol Nwaneri, Ifeoma Ndubuisi, Ijeoma Lewechi Okoronkwo, Okwudili Ezike and Umebuani Nkiruka  

July 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among pregnant women who attend antenatal care at public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

During pregnancy, maternal nutrition requires considerable attention; however, pregnant women’s nutritional knowledge, attitudes, and practices are less understood. The objective of this study was to assess nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices among pregnant women who attend antenatal care at public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted to collect...

Author(s): Zelalem Tenaw, Mikyas Arega and Erdaw Tachbele

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites and identification of major nematodes of cattle in and around Bishoftu, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Although, many studies have been conducted to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) helminths of cattle in Ethiopia, most of them were conducted using simple fecal egg examination rather than larval identification to identify the nematodes. A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the aim of estimating the prevalence of GIT helminths and identifying nematode genera in...

Author(s): Yonas Gizaw Habtemichael, Meron Dejene and Solomon Mosu Eniyew  

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Dog breeds acquisition and owners’ awareness of associated surgical conditions in Nigeria

The study evaluated dog owners’ awareness of breed-associated surgical conditions in Nigeria as indices for breed choice with structured pre-tested questionnaires administered to dog owners in 17 states of Nigeria.  Alsatians (36.8%) and Rottweiler (13%) breeds were mostly possessed by owners. The majority of the respondents were females (60.4%) owners. Lagos (53.4%) and Oyo (52.1%) states had the highest...

Author(s): Oghenemega David Eyarefe and Aderonke Gloria Adetunji  

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Anaesthetic and cardiopulmonary parameters of dogs administered propofol-acepromazine-butorphanol or propofol-acepromazine-buprenorphine anaesthesia

The efficacy and safety of premedication with acepromazine-butorphanol or acepromazine-buprenorphine combination were compared in dogs anaesthetized with propofol using total intravenous anaesthesia. Six mature Nigerian indigenous dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 premedication groups: Group 1 (acepromazine, 0.03 mg/kg, IM; butorphanol, 0.4 mg/kg, IM), or 2 (acepromazine, 0.03 mg/kg, IM; buprenorphine, 0.02 mg/kg,...

Author(s): Foluso B. Bolaji-Alabi and Adeniran Adetunji  

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
On farm demonstration of improved lettuce variety (Lactuca Sativa) in Southeastern zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

Improved slow bolting lettuce variety is one of the important traits of lettuce for farmers in the study area to increase their production and income. Therefore a field experiment was conducted in Enderta district of South eastern zone of Tigray with the objective to evaluate and demonstrate the slow bolting lettuce variety, enhance the income of farmers by increasing production and productivity, and participate farmers...

Author(s): Luchia Tekle, Niguse Abebe and Mehari Asfaw

July 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Agro-pastorals’ adoption of soil and water conservation (SWC) technologies: The case of Aba’ala district in Afar Region, Ethiopia

This study assessed agro-pastoralists’ adoption of soil and water conservation measures in Aba’alla. A convergent parallel mixed design was used, combining quantitative and qualitative methods. Samples were taken from five selected kebelles of spate irrigation areas in the Woreda. Questionnaires, group discussions, interviews and field observations were used. About 150 households were taken from 2450...

Author(s): Mohammed Motuma Assen and Takel Ashebo

July 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Impact of human activities on biosphere reserve: A case study from Yayu Biosphere Reserve, Southwest Ethiopia

Little is known on wild animal threats and their relative severity in most biospheres reserves of Ethiopia. This study was conducted during the period of May 2015 to June 2015 and was aimed at documenting relative severity of current threats of Yayu Biosphere Reserve, Southwestern Ethiopia. One hundred farmers in and around Yayu biosphere reserve were interviewed. The most relatively severe threat factors were...

Author(s): Tesfu Fekensa, Weldemariam Tesfahunegny and Asersie Mekonnen

July 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
New sighting record of white-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus in Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India

The white-tailed Lapwing, Vanellus leucurus, is a species of bird which is listed by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as Least Concern, winter visitor to India and breed in Central Asia and Southern Russia. It is occasionally sighted in the western region of Maharashtra State, Gujarat, Rajasthan, India, but hardly ever documented. There is no record of its presence in the study area. In this note,...

Author(s): Adesh Kumar, Sayed Kazim Kabir, Asif Ahmad Siddiqui and Amita Kanaujia,

July 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Perception and mitigation preferences on climate change among residents of Nairobi City County

As result of compounding factors related to environmental, social, economic and political pressures, it is feared that the impacts of climate change and variability may overwhelm resilience of urban systems in developing countries if adaptation and mitigation strategies are not strengthened. Understanding how the urban residents perceive and respond to climate change is necessary for the purpose of formulating informed...

Author(s): Anthony Musyoka Makau, John Bosco Mukundi, Aggrey Ochieng’ Adimo, Margret Wachu Gichuhi and John Wesonga

Page 6 of 1135, showing 50 records out of 56709 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300