Articles

 

Page 6 of 1250, showing 50 records out of 62488 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Development of fish feeds for African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) farming in Sierra Leone, West Africa

July-December 2022

This preliminary study was carried out to formulate high quality least-cost feed for the farming of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) in Sierra Leone. Locally sourced feed ingredients with vitamin premixes, lysine and methionine were used to formulate a 45% crude protein feeds for the African catfish. Proximate contents determined for the practical feed were compared with two imported commercially...

Author(s): Olapade O. J. and Saboleh P.  

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Modified ultrafiltration does not improve outcome of pediatric cardiac surgery: A meta-analysis

September 2022

Although it is generally accepted that modified ultrafiltration (MUF) improves operative outcomes in pediatric cardiac surgery, the evidence for this remains equivocal. Previous meta-analyses have been affected by significant patient and method heterogeneity. Google Scholar and PUBMED were searched between January 1st 1966 and May 31st 2022. We conducted a meta-analysis after pragmatically minimising patient and method...

Author(s): Mark Nelson Awori, Jonathan Alan Awori, Pravin Momanyi Mokaya and Kimberly Kipkoech

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Farmers’ perceptions and adaptation strategies to rainfall variability in northwestern Katsina State, Nigeria

September, 2022

The research examined farmers’ perception and adaptation strategies to rainfall variability in north-western Katsina. The objectives were to determine the level of rainfall variability using 1976 to 2015 rainfall data; find-out farmers’ perceptions of rainfall variability; determine its effects on farming activities, and identify adaptation strategies within the farming systems. Rainfall data were sourced...

Author(s): IBRAHIM, Yusuf El-Ladan and ABDULLAHI, Hamza  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of inputs variability on rice growth stages in Mbeya region

September, 2022

As rice develops from sowing to harvesting stages require a combination of both natural and non-natural inputs. Thus, at every stage, specific proportions are demanded as aggregates which contribute to the final yields. Understanding these inputs and their impacts on rice yield will help the small scale rice farmers in Tanzania to boost rice yields. This study pursues to (i) characterize rice farmers’ in Mbeya...

Author(s): Peter David Kulyakwave, Shiwei Xu, Wen Yu and Jane George Mwakyusa  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Dairy production and marketing systems in urban/peri-urban and rural dairy production systems in Bona Zuria district of Sidama Region, Ethiopia

July-September 2022

The study aimed to assess dairy production and marketing systems in Bona district of Sidama Region, Ethiopia. The district was stratified into urban/peri-urban and rural production systems based on the distance from the Woreda town, market orientation, improved breed availability, and production systems. Each production system was further stratified into Peasant Association where urban/peri- urban system had 7 while...

Author(s): Kassu Tsegaye, Ajebu Nurfeta and Yoseph Mekasha  

Educational Research and Reviews
Development of mathematics mobile learning application: Examining learning outcomes and cognitive skills through math questions

September 2022

Mobile technologies have started to be preferred as a new learning technology in teaching and learning. Considering the need for adequate and rapid feedback in solving mathematical problems that students have difficulty with reflects the need for a different educational practice and technology. In this study, based on design-based research (DBR) model, a mobile application was developed, which enables the extension of...

Author(s): Mustafa Tuncay Saritas

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Alternative agricultural extension functionaries in India: Substantive role of (ICTs) - study of e-Choupal

July-September 2022

Agricultural extension is now backing on the development agenda. The acknowledged failure of the traditional extension model in India has stimulated debate on extension reforms and the introduction of new extension models. Further, Indian agriculture has recorded an alarming ‘knowledge gap’ where ‘knowledge’ became central to agricultural production. The role of extension functionaries today is...

Author(s): Naveen Kumar Cherupelly

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Excitation of 3G° levels of nickel atom by electron impact

July-September, 2022

Excitation of 3G° levels of the nickel atom was investigated using the method of extended atomic and electron crossing beams with registration of the optical signal of excited atoms. At an energy of exciting electrons of 50 eV, 14 excitation cross sections were measured. In the electron energy range of 0 to 200 eV, optical excitation functions (OEF) were recorded for transitions from five levels. Based on the...

Author(s): Yu M. Smirnov  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Exploring the drivers of technical efficiency in Senegal’s agricultural production sector

July-September 2022

Most agricultural farmers in Senegal make limited use of key agricultural inputs such as fertilizers, certified seeds, irrigation, mechanization and pesticides. Such situation happens in a context where most farmers are exposed to droughts, land degradation, and erratic climatic shocks. These factors typically lead to negative effects on technical efficiency, and therefore unfavorable outcome results in terms of food...

Author(s): Telleria Juarez Roberto Ariel and Marco Antonio Romay Hochkofler  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
In vivo studies of the immunomodulatory effect of aqueous extract of Artemisia herba alba

September 2022

Historically Artemisia herba alba (AHA) is widely used in traditional Moroccan medicine. Few studies have been carried out to confirm its traditional use, in particularly immunological studies and to the authors’ knowledge; no study has treated the in vivo immunomodulatory effect of AHA aqueous extracts. This work was established to assess the immunological effects of AHA, including the humoral and cellular...

Author(s): Ali Lahna, Abdeljaouad Ezzahir, Martin Ndayambadje, Youness Limami, Younes Zaid, Abdallah Naya and Mounia Oudghiri  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of leaf spot disease on water leaf (Talinum triangulare (jacq.) Willd and in vitro effect of three medicinal plant extracts on pathogen(s) in the Northwest Region of Cameroon

September, 2022

Cultivation of waterleaf improves the life quality of families and provides additional income for farmers. However, waterleaf production in Cameroon has suffered a major blow from leaf spot disease. Ten farms with dimensions of 4 m by 3 m each in Nkwen, Bamenda, Cameroon were surveyed for leaf spot disease of Talinum triangulare. Disease incidence and severity were assessed by surveying the farms after every fourteen...

Author(s): Anembom C., Tacham W. N., Chia G. K., Bih J. N. and Kinge T. R.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Unravelling systems of inequality and debating pro-poor policy results in drought prone areas of South West Ethiopia

September, 2022

A desk review, survey, interview and on-site observation were used to collect data. The impact of external systems on smallholder water scarcity management institutions in the context drought stress was analyzed in this study. The findings show that the external intervention eliminated resilient people’s institutions such as water scarcity (in droughts). Interventions introduce new water management systems that...

Author(s): Filmon Hadaro Hando  

African Journal of Plant Science
Spatial variation in the micro-minerals and ß-carotene concentration in four varieties of plantain

September 2022

Nutrition plays a vital role in growth, development and the prevention of possible nutrient-deficiency diseases that may cause permanent health risks in the later stages of life. Due to this, the concentrations of iron, zinc, copper, manganese and β-carotene in four varieties of plantain were investigated in this study. The relationship between the micro-minerals in the fruit, the sampling location and soil were...

Author(s): Abraham Janice Dwomoh

African Journal of Biotechnology
In vitro regeneration of Tripsacum laxum Nash

September 2022

Tripsacum laxum Nash (Guatemala grass) is widely used globally as a forage crop. Its strong roots and long period of growth and utilization allow it to be harvested for many years, and given its high yield, high nutritional value, and good taste. Here the peduncles of T. laxum Nash were used as explants to induce shoots and then efficient shoot proliferation and regeneration system were established for the first time....

Author(s): Pang Jinhui, Xiong Yuping, Wu Kunlin, da Silva Jaime A. Teixeira, Zhang Xinhua, Li Yuan, Zeng Songjun and Ma Guohua

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Effect of replacing freshwater shrimp meal (Caridina nilotica) protein with a mixture of plant protein on growth, apparent digestibility, and economic returns of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.)

July-September 2022

This study investigated the effects of substituting varying levels of a plant protein mixture (PPM) with freshwater shrimp meal (FSM) on growth, digestibility, and economic returns of Nile tilapia. Monosex male Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings (initial body weight, 28 ±0.01 g) were cultured in cages installed in an earthen pond and tanks for 180 and 60 days, respectively. The PPM comprised 50% soybean meal, 25%...

Author(s): Anne Maundu, Jonathan Munguti, Joshua Mutiso, Nasser kasozi, David Liti and Rekha Sharma

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Research for fabrication and antibacterial properties of hybrid nanoparticles Ag-MnFe2O4

July-September, 2022

The hybrid nanoparticles Ag-MnFe2O4 was successfully fabricated by the seed-growth method and thermal decomposition method. The shape and size of these nanoparticles were evaluated by Transmission electron microscopes (TEM) images showing that these nanoparticles are quite uniform and have a diameter of about 20 nm. The UV-Vis spectrum of hybrid nanoparticles Ag-MnFe2O4 shows that in the wavelength region from 300 to...

Author(s): Le Thi Thanh Tam and Giap Van Cuong  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Contaminated land management policy transfer: Drivers and barriers within the Nigerian context

September 2022

Barriers to successful transfer of contaminated land management policy from one country to another include socio-cultural, economic and environmental differences. While weak contaminated land management regimes desire effective legislation and make efforts to transfer policies from established regimes, contextual differences or characteristics between the two countries involved is a key challenge. These differing...

Author(s): Sam Kabari,

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Sustainable eco-tourism in Ghana: An assessment of environmental and economic impacts in selected sites in the Upper East Region

July-September, 2022

This paper assesses sustainable eco-tourism in Ghana with an emphasis on environmental and economic impacts. The study resorted to mixed methods research approach in data collection, analysis and presentation. The study sampled 208 respondents for the questionnaire administration. Besides questionnaire administration, the study employed Key Informant Interviews for the collection of qualitative data. The study reveals...

Author(s): Yahaya Abdul-Kadri, Akonga Samuel and Alhassan Abdullah

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Floristic diversity and regeneration of wild edible fruit species in the Reserve of Moutourwa and its surroundings (Far-North Cameroon)

July-September 2022

In order to assess the diversity, regeneration and structure of wild edible fruit trees, a study was carried out in the Laf-Madjam forest reserve and its surroundings. A semi-structured interview with local residents and a floristic inventory of woody plants (8 transects of 1000 m × 20 m each) were carried out. 24 species were cited as being used by the local residents. A total of 2134 individuals subdivided into...

Author(s): Nnanga Jeanne Flore , Kadri Ismaila Abdoul , Biyon Jacques Bruno Ngotta , Taffo Junior Baudoin Wouokoue , Moksia Froumsia and Todou Gilbert

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Interactive effect of moisture content and storage condition on biochemical seed quality of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Ghana

July-December 2022

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is consumed by over 200 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). CSIR-Crops Research Institute in 2016 officially released the first four commercial varieties. This research was undertaken to determine the interactive effect of moisture content and storage condition on the seed quality of common bean seeds stored in the humid region of Ghana. The moisture content (MC) was 8 and...

Author(s): E. A. Adjei, B. K. Banful, E. A. Asiedu, P. Marnoh, S. Yeboah, K. Agyeman, M. Arthur and J. Y. Asibuo

African Journal of Biotechnology
Characterization of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria isolated from soils of Senegalese Semi-arid Sahelian Zone

September 2022

The semi-arid Sahelian region of Africa, characterized by its deleterious agro-climatic conditions, is also subject to agricultural overexploitation to support human and livestock food. This situation has strongly accentuated the continuous degradation of arable land. However, green biotechnologies are often proposed to promote more sustainable agricultural systems. Thus, the soil microbiome is explored for the...

Author(s): Ibrahima Diop, Adama Diouf, Fatou Ndoye, Georges Anicet Manga, Ramatoulaye Thiaba Samba-Mbaye, Mansour Thiao, Hassna Founoune-Mboup, Saliou Fall, and Aboubacry Kane,

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
Evaluation of the impact of partial shading on the performance of photovoltaic panels

July-December, 2022

This experimental work presents an investigation on the impact of partial shading of a photovoltaic (PV) solar cell on the performance of different types of PV solar panels. A mono-crystalline panel and a polycrystalline panel were used for the experiments as well as three types of covering materials with different transmittance levels (white leaf, tree leaf and transparent paper). The shaded cell area varies by 20, 50...

Author(s): Fatima LACH-HEB, Mohamed Cherif AIDARA, Mamadou Lamine NDIYAE and Anna Kerstin USBECK

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Maternal-fetal repercussions of Angylocalyx oligophyllus leaves aqueous extract in pregnant rat

September 2022

Angylocalyx oligophyllus (Fabaceae) is a shrub used traditionally to treat diabetes mellitus and intestinal parasites. Although it is also used by pregnant women, no scientific study has yet revealed its effects on pregnancy. This work aimed to assess the toxic effects of A. oligophyllus leaves aqueous extract on pregnancy, reproduction and fetal development in pregnant rats. The acute toxicity of the A. oligophyllus...

Author(s): Tenezogang Takoukam Christian, Tchamadeu Marie Claire, Bogning Zangueu Calvin, Emambo Patience, Wankeu Nya Modeste, Dongmo Alain Bertrand and Massoma Lembe Dieudonné  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determining the appropriate period of herbicide application in irrigated wheat in Awash Valley, Ethiopia

September, 2022

Weed infestation is one of the main menaces of irrigated wheat production and productivity in Ethiopia. This experiment was conducted at Amibara and Fentale districts, to determine the appropriate period of herbicide application in irrigated wheat in Awash Valley. A total of ten treatments; 13, 18, 23, 28, 32, 38, 43 and 48 days after sowing along with a weed-free and weedy check were laid out in a Randomized Complete...

Author(s): Sileshi Getahun, Nurhussien Seid and Zemedkun Alemu  

Journal of Land Management and Appraisal
Determinants of farmers’ sustainable land management practices implementation in Sekoru District, Jimma Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Southwest Ethiopia

July-December 2022

The overall objective of the study is to assess the determinants of farmers’ implementation of sustainable land management practices. To achieve the objective of the study, cross sectional research design and mixed research approach were used. To answer research questions and attain those research objectives stated earlier, both primary and secondary data sources were employed. The primary data were gathered from...

Author(s): Muzamil Suleiman Sherif  

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Personality traits, personal motivations, and online news and social media commenting

July-September 2022

Among the most popular online platforms for commenting following a news story are Facebook, Twitter and on the news website itself. Using personality characteristics, including from the Big-Five schema (extraversion, neuroticism, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and the Dark Tetrad frame (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, narcissism and sadism), as well as personal motivations, the extent to...

Author(s): Temple Northup, Arthur D. Santana, HoJoon Choi and Ratna Puspita

Journal of Metabolomics and Systems Biology
Taurine is a future biomolecule for potential health benefits: A review

July-December 2022

Taurine is a sulfur-containing amino acid that is converted to a neutral beta-amino acid, chemically known as (2-Amino-ethane sulfonic acid) having chemical formula C2H7NO3S. It was first isolated from Ox bile, and thus derives its name from the Latin word “Taurus”, meaning 'ox' or 'bull'. This is the only amino acid that is extensively found in animal tissue. The richest source of taurine is...

Author(s): Rajeshwar Nath Srivastava, Zeenat Ara, Shah Waliullah, Alka Singh,  Saloni Raj, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Ravindra Kumar Garg, and Raja Roy

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
In vitro efficacy of standard antimalarial drugs on parasitic isolates from patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

July-December 2022

Malaria infection triggers off vaso-occlusive attacks in sickle cell patients, leading drastically to death. Sickle-cell patients use artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) as recommended by the WHO to treat malaria infections to prevent these crises. The survey of sensitivity of parasites collected from sickle-cell patients needs is important to be re-specified. Red cells from these patients differ from others...

Author(s): Albert A. Gnondjui, André O. Touré, Eric A. Gbessi, Francis A. Yapo, Sylvain Beourou, Ibrahima Sanogo and Ronan Jambou,  

African Journal of Business Management
The impact of culture on consumer decision-making for smallholder farmers in Murewa District in Zimbabwe

September 2022

The focus of this study was to understand the impact of culture on consumer decision-making for smallholder farmers in the Murewa district in Zimbabwe. The study relied on a mixed methodology while data were collected using a survey and key informant interviews. This study found that the culture of smallholder farmers has a predictive impact on their consumer decision-making styles. In addition, culture was revealed to...

Author(s): Isheanesu Nyamukapa and Jeffrey Kurebwa

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Comparison of modified Ziehl Neelsen staining technique with antigen detection using ELISA in the diagnosis of Cryptosporidiosis at a tertiary hospital in North-Western Nigeria

September 2022

Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrhoeal disease caused by Cryptosporidium species. It has become a more recognised pathogen especially in immunocompromised patients. It is an important opportunistic infection responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS patients. The main aim of this study is to compare microscopy using modified Ziehl-Neelsen (MZN) with ELISA in the...

Author(s): Lamido Tanko Zainab, Yaqub Yahaya, Yahaya Shuaibu Usman, Giwa Fatima Jummai and Olayinka Adebola  

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Assessing the impact of a budget cage technology on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) production in the Bontanga, Golinga and Libga reservoirs in Northern Ghana, Africa

July-December 2022

The potential of irrigation reservoirs in northern Ghana to support Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) production in 1 m3 budget cages was assessed over six-months in three reservoirs (Bontanga, Golinga and Libga). Fingerlings with a mean weight of 17.0 ± 5.0 g were randomly stocked at 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 fish per cage in duplicate and fed with a commercial tilapia feed (Raanan, 30% protein level) at 3 to...

Author(s): Fuseini Tia Iddrisu, Bosompem Ahunoabobirim Agya, Regina Esi. Edziyie, Benjamin Betey Campion, Daniel Nsoh Akongyuure and Daniel Adjei-Boateng  

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Antioxidants and antigenotoxic properties of Rhizopus oligosporus fermented cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz)

July-September

The antioxidant and antigenotoxic effects of solid state fermented cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) using Rhizopus oligosporus were investigated. Solid state fermentation was carried out for 72 h at room temperature under acidic and basic conditions. Total phenolic content was significantly (p<0.05) higher in fermented peeled and unpeeled cassava at pH 7 and 5 when compared with unfermented. Similarly, the total...

Author(s): Egoamaka O. Egbune, Theresa Ezedom, Akpovwehwee A. Anigboro, Eferhire Aganbi, Alex-Ifo Amata and Nyerhovwo J. Tonukari

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the meat of collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) with different ages

September

This study aimed to assess the effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) applied in the post-rigor period, on the physical and chemical parameters of the meat (Longissimus thoracis et lumborum) of peccary (Tayassu tajacu) obtained from animals of different ages. Pressures ranged from 100 to 400 MPa were applied to the muscle of young (19 months) and adult (38 months) animals for the time required to reach the set...

Author(s): Hugo Rangel Fernandes, Rosires Deliza, Otavio Cabral Neto, Caroline Mellinger Silva, Natália Inagaki de Albuquerque, Thayrine Rodrigues Martins and Amauri Rosenthal

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Determinant factors of consumers’ choice of formal full service restaurants in Ghana

July-December 2022

The study was carried out to determine consumers’ choice of formal full-service restaurants in Ghana. Survey was employed and data were collected using questionnaire. Fifty (50) consumers were selected for the study using the systematic sampling technique. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyse data gathered. The findings revealed that, all the variables in the study influence...

Author(s): Noble Amoako Sarkodie, Vida Commey and Barikisu Mohamed

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pursuing development on the Eastern Flank of Mt Cameroon: Implications on its heavy metal status, environmental quality and human security

September, 2022

In order to maintain environmental quality and ensures food security, this study evaluated baseline heavy metal contents in agricultural fields in the Eastern Flank of Mt Cameroon. It specifically (a) determined the physicochemical properties of soils and the heavy metal concentrations; (b) produce geochemical maps for the heavy metals; (c) determined the major factors controlling the distributions of the metals. Twenty...

Author(s): Yvette N. NDEH, Godswill A. ASONGWE, Kenneth MBENE, Christopher NGOSONG, Norbert N. FOMENKY, Irene B. BAME and Aaron S. TENING  

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Photophysiology and respiration of the temperate fern Onoclea sensibilis in spring and during summer stress in a changing climate

July-September 2022

Onoclea sensibilis L. is a temperate fern species of horticultural importance, and widely distributed in the natural environment of North America, Eastern Europe, and parts of Asia. With increasing climate change, including excessive heat and unpredictable, sometimes severe precipitation events, ferns such as O. sensibilis may come under increasing loss of habitat and possibly survival threat. This is a study of the...

Author(s): O. Roger Anderson

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Compositional and contextual factors as mediators in the relationship between incidence of diarrhoea and sources of drinking water in Ghana

July-September, 2022

Globally, diarrhoea is considered as a major threat to human health and remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Several studies have shown that incidence of diarrhoea is influenced by source of drinking water and mediated by some compositional and contextual factors. However, not much is known about how mediating factors interact with source of drinking water to influence incidence of diarrhoea in Ghanaian...

Author(s): Janice Dwomoh Abraham, Philip Nyarko Kwakye and Richard Amankwa Kuffour  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Use of climate-smart agriculture practices and smallholder farmer market participation in Central Malawi

July-September 2022

In the past few decades, climate-smart agriculture (CSA) has been promoted to improve food security and raise incomes as a strategy for sustainable agricultural development. The adoption rates among smallholder farmers, particularly in Africa, remain low and have varied in different contexts. This study investigated the market participation spillover effects from the adoption of CSA practices in central Malawi using the...

Author(s): Mirriam Matita, Ephraim Wadonda Chirwa, David Eddings Zingwe and Jacob Mazalale

African Journal of Health Sciences and Technology
Analysis of measles case-based surveillance data in Afar Regional State, Ethiopia, from 2013 to 2017

September 2022

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease caused by morbillivirus, a member of the Paramyxoviridae family, of which humans are the only reservoirs. Person-to-person transmission occurs via aerosolized droplets and infected people's throat secretions. The aim of study is to identify major gaps and assess the trend of reporting measles disease, the positivity rate of measles samples, identify the age group most...

Author(s): Mengistu Biru, Temesegen Geleta, Esate Assefa, Mikias Alayu, Adamu Tayachew, and Mesfin Wossen  

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of maize germplasm for resistance to maize chlorotic mottle virus and sugarcane mosaic virus: The casual agents of maize lethal necrosis disease

September 2022

In Kenya, at national policy level to the individual household level, food security is synonymous to maize productivity and availability. However, the productivity of maize is affected majorly by maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) that was first reported in Kenya in 2011. MLND results from co-infection between maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and any cereal-infecting viruses in Potyviridae family particularly...

Author(s): Kiruki Grace Gacheri, Kuria Paul, Nzuve Felister Mbute and Cheboi Juliana Jepkemoi

African Journal of Agricultural Research
On-station evaluation of straws and stovers with urea to increase utilization in Somali Region

September, 2022

Wheat straw (WS), barley straw (BS), sorghum stover (SS), and maize stover (MS) were subjected to different times of ensiling and urea treatment levels in order to identify the most effective ensiling time and urea treatment level to attain preferable nutritional aptitude. Both straws and stovers were treated with 0.40 and 0.50 g concentration levels of urea solution dissolved in 0.8 L of water and sealed plastic sheet...

Author(s): Daniel Seyoum Esheta and Woldegebriel Tesfamariam  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Anaplasma phagocytophilum in cattle parasitism in Benin: An emerging pathogen transmitted by ticks

September, 2022

Anaplasma phagocytophilum, a bacterium transmitted by ticks, is responsible for granulocytic anaplasmosis, an emerging zoonosis that has never been reported nor identified previously in Benin and in the West African sub-region. This study is designed not only to investigate the prevalence of the disease and evaluate mortalities recorded at Kpinnou farm after importing Girolando cattle from Brazil in 2014 but also to...

Author(s): Adehan Safiou Bienvenu, Akpo Yao, Badarou Kadidjatoulaï Opeyemi, Kounonzo Maurice Landry, Dah-Nouvlessounon Durand, Kande Souleymane, Gbaguidi Armel Michel,  Mama Traoré, Boko K. Cyrille, Madder Maxime, and Farougou Souaïbou  

Journal of African Studies and Development
Financial literacy and financial behaviour of micro and small enterprises in the Sunyani Municipality, Ghana

July-September 2022

This study sought to examine the relationship between financial literacy and financial behavior among owners/managers of MSEs in the Sunyani Municipality. Primarily, the research examined the financial literacy level as well as the extent to which financial knowledge informs financial behaviour and financial attitude which will aid in making a rational decision for their business. In accordance with the study’s...

Author(s): Mabel Ameyaw

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effects of 2-chlorophenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol on mitotic chromosomes and nucleic acid content using Allium cepa and Vicia faba assays

September 2022

Chlorophenols are compounds used as intermediaries in manufacturing agricultural pesticides. Despite the efficiency on their targets, they are considered as environmental pollutant substances. This study assessed two chlorophenol substances, 2-chlorophenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2-CP, 2,4-DCP) for their cytogenetic, genotoxic, and nucleic acid content affects using Allium cepa and Vicia faba assay....

Author(s): AL-AHMADI MONA SAUD 

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Screening and identification of antagonistic bacterial strains against Botrytis cinerea in Panax ginseng

September, 2022

Endophytic bacterial strains were isolated from healthy mountain-cultivated ginseng leaves, and Botrytis cinerea was responsible for the fungus disease. Antagonistic strain was identified based on morphological characteristic and 16S rRNA sequence analysis. The results showed that 56 endophytic bacteria were isolated from healthy mountain-cultivated ginseng leaves, and FS-1 strain has good inhibitory effect on B....

Author(s): Chunyuan Zhou, Chengci Piao and Hao Zhang,  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Climate related risks in Oti I and II rural communities (Northern Togo)

July-September, 2022

In tropical Sudan climate regions, agricultural activities are often affected by increasingly frequent extreme climate events (floods, droughts). With regard to current climate manifestations, this study aimed at assessing agricultural risks in the rural communities of Oti I and II. The analysis of daily, monthly and annual rainfall and temperature data for the period from 1961 to 2020 enabled to identify the risks...

Author(s): Lemou Faya

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Practices for negotiating tax debts successfully: Exploration of offer in compromise judicial tax court case decisions

July-September 2022

Settling tax debts with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) as a service to accounting clients is categorized among the high-level negotiations skills widely sought from accounting graduates by employers. Through purposive sampling and analysis of 272 federal tax court cases decided between 2004 and 2021, this paper proposes to elucidate effective tax debt negotiations techniques. Judicially accepted and rejected...

Author(s): Lloyd Cynthia B. and Wadhwa Darshan 

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Hydroalcoholic extract of Adansonia digitata’s trunk bark, in topical application, possess in vivo wound healing and in vitro anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities

July-September 2022

Adansonia digitata is a tree plant used in west African local pharmacopoeia. This work aimed to evaluate the wound healing properties of its trunk bark’s hydroethanolic extract in wistar rats. The model of excision wound was used. Wistar rats were treated post-excision topically with neutral carbopol gel (Control), carbopol gels containing 2.5 and 5% of A. digitata hydroethanolic trunk bark extract (ADHE) and...

Author(s): Abdou-Rachidou GAFFO, Yendubé T. KANTATI, Komi KOMI KOUKOURA, Amivi Edefia AKPALO, Toukilnan DJIWA, Tchin DARRE, Kossi METOWOGO and Kwashie EKLU-GADEGBEKU  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Prevalence of drug resistance and genetic characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains from pulmonary tuberculosis patients co-infected with malaria at Jamot Hospital in Yaoundé

September 2022

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and remains a major global public health concern. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of drug resistance and the genetic variation among MTBC population in pulmonary tuberculosis patients co-infected with Malaria at Jamot Hospital in Yaoundé-Cameroon. This was a 12 months cross-sectional study that enrolled 336 participants aged...

Author(s): Tiani Lionel Ulrich,, Ambassa Axel Cyriaque, Assam Jean Paul Assam, Andoseh Genevieve, Zeukeng Francis, Tchinda Cedric Fossi, Tsasse Martine Augusta Flore, Nkah Numfor Leonard, Gonsu Kamga Hortense, Kouanfack Charles, Pefura Yone Eric Walter, Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline, Bigoga Jude Daiga, Ntoumi Francine, and Beng Véronique Penlap,

African Journal of Plant Science
Radio-Sensitivity of four selected rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties in Kenya, as a pre-requisite for mutation breeding

September 2022

Radio-sensitivity test informs the optimal irradiation dose for use in mutation breeding. In this study, four rice varieties (Basmati 217, Basmati 370, ITA310, and Komboka) were irradiated with gamma-ray doses ranging from 0 to 500 Gy, to examine their morphological responses at the seedling stage, and estimate their optimal doses. Two experiments were carried out at varied time points between March and May 2022. In the...

Author(s): Njoroge Wagatua, Miriam Kinyua, Emily Gichuhi, Theresa Ankamah-Yeboah, Kwame S. Offei and Kwadwo Ofori

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