Articles

 

Page 6 of 1145, showing 50 records out of 57203 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

October 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effects of Changes in Use of Indigenous Knowledge Systems on Land Cover in Teso Busia County, Kenya

This paper introduces indigenous land knowledge conservation systems as a significant resource which would contribute to the increased efficiency and effectiveness in the management of land and land based resources among rural communities. Despite their critical role in the conservation of the land based resources, these knowledge systems and technologies are being marginalized or even forgotten among rural communities....

Author(s): Ayaa Dominics Dan and Kipterer John Kapoi  

October 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Public discourse on Khat (Catha edulis) production in Ethiopia: Review

Agriculture is the most important economic activity and employment opportunity in Ethiopia. Globally, the country is the largest producer of Khat. The producers and consumers of Khat are increasing combined with earning for the national exports. Despite several controversies have continued on Khat practice, the legal stance of the Ethiopian government and studies on environmental impact are minimal. The review results...

Author(s): Wuletaw Mekuria  

October 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Characterization of markers linked to resistance motifs against maize lethal necrosis in Tanzanian maize germplasm

Among the biological constraints facing maize production in Tanzania is a severe occurrence of maize lethal necrosis disease (MLN) raising an urgent need for application of new approaches. A pool of 22 maize genotypes with promising resistance and susceptibility to MLN infection were evaluated by Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) DNA fingerprinting analysis to detect genetic variation in the selected lines....

Author(s): Inocent Ritte, Marceline Egnin, Paul Kusolwa, Gregory C. Bernard, Guohao He and Conrad Bonsi  

October 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Agronomic performance of pro vitamin a cassava varieties in three locations in Nigeria

In an early yellow root cassava study in 2003 to 2004, we investigated agronomic performance of pro Vitamin A (yellow fleshed) cassava genotypes in three locations in Nigeria (Ibadan, Mokwa, and Onne). Twenty-two clones and three checks were evaluated. A randomized complete block design was used with four replications. Characteristics showing significant differences among genotypes across all locations included...

Author(s): Adetoro, N. A., Ogunbayo, S. A.,  Akinwale, M. O.

October 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Effect of native mycorrhizal fungi inoculants on the growth and phosphorus uptake of tree legumes: Erythryna brucei and Millettia ferruginea

The inoculation study was conducted in the greenhouse to investigate the effect of phosphorus (P) concentrations on growth and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonization of multipurpose tree legumes Erythrina brucei and Millettia ferruginea. Plant growth parameters (shoot length, dry weight) and P uptake increased significantly after inoculations with AM fungi, Rhizophagus clarus, Rhizophagus intraradices and the...

Author(s): Beyene Dobo  

October 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Survey of Turcicum leaf blight (Exserohilum turcicum) on maize (Zea mays) in major highland and mid-altitudes of maize growing agro-ecologies of Western part of Oromia, Ethiopia

Turcicum leaf blight (Exserohilum turcicum) (TLB) is a major disease affecting maize (Zea mays) in western Ethiopia. This study was designed to: assess the incidence and severity of TLB in major highland and mid-altitudes of maize growing agro-ecologies of Western Oromia, map the geographical distribution of the TLB disease in the study area, and evaluate the reaction of maize varieties under production to TLB. From...

Author(s): Tajudin Aliyi, Alemayehu Chala and Netsanet Bacha  

October 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
“Ecology of soil seed banks: Implications for conservation and restoration of natural vegetation”: A review

Seed bank (henceforth referred to as SB) refers to viable seed which is present on or in soil and associated with litter/humus. Under different land use/land cover systems and climatic regions, density of seeds in the soil is variable both in space and time. SB density decreases with increasing depth and age of seeds in the soil. Smaller seeds are more easily incorporated, moved to deeper soil layers and persist longer...

Author(s): Wakshum Shiferaw, Sebsebe Demissew and Tamrat Bekele

October 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Characteristics of macrophytes in the Lubigi Wetland in Uganda

The Lubigi wetland, which is located in the north-western part of Kampala, the capital city of Uganda has been severely strained from anthropogenic encroachment and activities. These activities include harvesting of Cyperus papyrus and other plants, land filling for reclamation, human settlements and disposal of wastewater into the wetland among others. As a result of these anthropogenic activities, the macrophytes...

Author(s): John K. Kayima and Aloyce W. Mayo  

October 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Resource partitioning among sympatric species of primates at Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana

We investigated how four primate species in Kakum Conservation Area (KCA) coexisted after logging shrunk their feeding resources. We used multivariate discriminant function analysis to determine whether feeding sites and food types could discriminate them. Results showed that lower canopy discriminated Cercopithecus mona and Cercopithecus petaurista; middle canopy, C. petaurista and Procolobus verus; upper canopy P....

Author(s): Kwaku Brako Dakwa, Kweku Ansah Monney and Enoch Amasa Ashie  

October 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Spatial variation in diversity of woody vegetation species within Kwara State University Malete campus, Kwara, Nigeria

The roles of woody vegetations and Africa savanna in human development and survival as attracted interest in their conservation to prevent the depletion or loss of those resources. However, there is need for accurate data on species composition, distribution and conservation of woody species in many parts of Africa for adequate planning, monitoring, management and conservation efforts. This study assessed woody species...

Author(s): Romoke Monsurat Suleiman, Henry Olawale Sawyerr, Abdulrasheed Adio and Gabriel Salako  

October 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Butterfly species composition and diversity in a protected area of Karnataka, India

Field investigations were made to record the diversity of butterflies at six forest ranges in Nagarahole National Park (NNP), Karnataka during 2014 to 2015. 138 butterfly species were recorded from 94 genera, which belong to five families such as Hesperiidae, Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae, Papilionidae, and Pieridae. Species composition varied significantly (F = 93.85; P < 0.05) among forest ranges in NNP; 113 butterfly...

Author(s): Basavarajappa S., Gopi Krishna V. and S. Santhosh  

October 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Determinants of revegetation on landslide scars in an agro-based socio-ecological system in Bududa, Uganda

Landslides cause displacement or loss of plant cover, soil and other materials on slopes. Exposure of soil accelerates erosion processes thus contributing to stream sedimentation. Though playing a crucial role in stabilising scars there is limited understanding of the plant species colonisation process. This study aimed at examining the determinants and status of plant revegetation on a recent landslide scar in Bududa...

Author(s): Nakileza B. R. and Tushabe H.  

October 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Comparative performance of farming practices in terms of carbon sequestration potential of mulberry and soil organic carbon stock

Experimentation under the study at Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Berhampore (West Bengal, India) was laid out in RBD comprising of seven treatments replicated thrice. The treatments consist of six different farming practices along with a fallow. Mulberry variety, S 1635, spaced at 60 x 60 cm was subjected to those farming practices under irrigated Gangetic alluvial soil. Three years’ field...

Author(s): Ranjit Kar, Vrajan Vijay and Kanika Trivedy  

October 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Climate Change Effect and Adaptation Measures on Selected Soil Properties

Soil sustainability in climate changing trends is critical to address future food security and safety. This study investigated the effect of air and soil temperature on some selected soil properties. The impact of soil conditioning with composted organic wastes on the temperature effect was also assessed. Four different chambers were set up using electrical bulbs of 60, 100, 200, and 300 W given air temperature ranges...

Author(s): Adeyeye Joseph Akintan Oluwakemi and Omoju Olanrewaju  

October 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Mapping soil terrain resources and descriptions of agro-ecological zone in Dawuro and Gamo Gofa zones in south-western Ethiopia

This study aims to identify and delineate land resources including soil, water and terrain resources, and major river basins, with demographic data and agro-ecological zone classification of general climatic conditions and vegetation characteristics of Gamo Gofa and Dawuro zones in South-western Ethiopia. Metadata source and visual assessment were used for this purpose. Agroecology zone classification is based on...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo  

October 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Investigating risk factors associated with the persistence of malaria in the Obang valley, North West Region, Cameroon

Malaria interventions - vector control using long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) or indoor residual spraying, chemoprevention and case management including diagnosis and treatment of infections - are highly effective and affordable. These interventions have led to a significant reduction in malaria prevalence, and a marked decline in morbidity and mortality associated. Despite these increasing control efforts, this...

Author(s): Tiburce Gangue, Laurentine Sumo, Ngum Helen Ntonifor, Etso I. Che and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga,  

October 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Perceived socio economic barriers to maternal health seeking behavior among rural women: The case of Raya-Alamata District, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Maternal health care service utilization is one of the components of the reproductive and child health interventions package with the aim of improving both maternal and child health. It is the health of the women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period. Thus, the overall objective of this study is to investigate the perceived socio economic barriers to maternal health seeking behavior of rural women in Raya...

Author(s): Hayelom Abadi Mesele  

October 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Review of challenges and opportunities for dairy cattle farming under mixed system of Homa Bay County, Western Kenya

The objective of this review was to determine challenges and opportunities facing dairy cattle production in Homa Bay County, which lies within the Lake Victoria basin. Three cattle production systems were included: farms keeping indigenous breeds; farms keeping crosses of indigenous and exotic breeds and farms keeping exotic breeds. Both primary and secondary data were collected using questionnaires, key informant...

Author(s): Joshua Orungo Onono and Augustine Ochieng  

October 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
The practice of process approach in writing classes: Grade eleven learners of Jimma preparatory and Jimma University community preparatory school in focus

The purpose of this study is to explore the practices of process writing approach in grade eleven students at Jimma Preparatory School and Jimma University Community Preparatory school in Oromia Regional State. To accomplish this purpose, the study employed a descriptive study method, which was supplemented by both quantitative and qualitative research to enrich the data. The study was carried out in two school selected...

Author(s): Habtamu Shiferaw Adula

October 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
Learning the English Passive Voice: Difficulties, learning strategies of Igbo ESL learners and pedagogical implications

From the author’s teaching experience, a greater number of Nigerian university students either stick monotonously to the active English sentences or use the expletive “It” structure. This paper investigated the difficulties Igbo bilinguals encounter when learning the English passive and the grammar learning strategies they adopt to overcome the difficulties. For the study, 30 Igbo speaking 100 level...

Author(s): Scholastica Chinyere Amadi  

October 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Evaluation of four variant diatomaceous earths and a commercial DE Insecto® against Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) on two varieties of stored cowpea in Nigeria

Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI) has patented a Diatomaceous Earth, a non-toxic pesticide NSPRIDUST® Patent No. 000744 for storage of grains with Trade Marks Section of the Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment, Abuja, Nigeria. Efficacy of four Nigerian Diatomaceous Earths (DEs): Bularafa, Abakire, Share and Kwami as grain protectants of stored cowpea against cowpea bruchid were compared to a...

Author(s): Egobude U. Okonkwo, Adaora N. Osegbo, Michael A. Omodara, Moses O. Ogundare, Grace I. Abel, Samuel I. Nwaubani, Grace O. Otitodun, Oluwatoyin A. Atibioke, Oluwaseun D. Olagunju and Olufemi Peters  

October 2018

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Critical temperature estimation method for triple-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/epoxy resin composite material

The main objective of this research is to estimate the critical temperature for triple-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/epoxy resin. Critical temperature in this study is the temperature that inter-laminar shear stress in interfaces of triple-walled CNTs and epoxy resin is the maximum value. At maximum inter-laminar shear stress, the stress concentration between triple-walled CNTs and epoxy resin is the maximum. This...

Author(s): A. Anvari

October 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Derivation of a new block fifth order method for numerical solution of first order initial value problems

A new block method of order five for the numerical solution of initial value problems is derived. The coefficients of the matrix of the method are chosen such that low power of the blocksize appears in the principal local truncation error. The stability polynomial is shown to be a perturbation of   order explicit Runge-Kutta method. Key words: Predictor-corrector methods, ordinary differential equations,...

Author(s): Salman H. Abbas and Noor A. Jalil Alshakhoori  

October 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
A study on exact solution of the telegraph equation by (G'/G)-expansion method

In this article, an exact solution of the Telegraph equation is solved by  -Expansion method and this is one of the most popular example both linear and non-linear partial differential equations. The  -Expansion method is simple and powerful analyzed for getting some sets of exact solutions. To develop the theory and to visualize the graph, the mathematical software MAPLE was used. This method also gives us...

Author(s): Muhammad Minarul Islam and Mohammad Sanjeed Hasan  

October 2018

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Impacts of various fertilizer combinations onto some agronomical traits of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown employing hazton methods

Hazton cultivating methods is an engineered rice cultivation method using old seeds aged 25-30 days after seedling with 20-30 stems per planting hole. The old seeds have several advantages: their harvest period is faster, and  their plant adapts easily and minimize the embroidery. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of various fertilizer combinations and Jajar legowo planting system on the...

Author(s): Hanida Robbani, Widyatmani Sih Dewi, Haryuni Prasojo and Supriyadi  Darsowiyono  

October 2018

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology
Plasma lactate, insulin concentration and intestinal glycogen deposition responses to fructose infusion in male dogs

Ingested carbohydrates digested to monosaccharides are absorbed directly into the bloodstream by the intestinal epithelial cells; recent research has shown intravenous infusion of fructose causes increase intestinal glucose uptake (IGU) and increase in blood glucose, however the fate of glucose has not been reported if it was metabolized or oxidized in the process. Ten fasted male anaesthetized adult dogs (Mongrel) were...

Author(s): Odeyemi Oluwole Samuel, Toyin Mohammed Salman, Idiongo Okon Umoh and Abayomi Abraham Taiwo  

October 2018

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Knowledge of formally and informally trained dressmakers on the application of dart principles in garment designing

This study assessed and compared formally and informally trained dressmakers with regard to their use of dart principles in pattern making and garment designing. The descriptive research design was used for the study with a sample size of 50 dressmakers selected from three districts in the central region of Ghana. The instruments used for data collection were a semi-structured interview guide and an observation check...

Author(s): Deborah Amoako Asare, Patience Danquah Monnie and Modesta Efua Gavor  

October 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
A critical review of Agenda 2063: Business as usual?

This paper sets out to review and critically examine the Agenda 2063, a strategic long term planning instrument for the development of Africa in the next fifty years, prepared by the African Union Commission on the occasion of celebrating the OAU/AU golden jubilee in 2013. The objectives of this paper were to examine the viability of the agenda, to elucidate critical issues underpinning its successful implementation, to...

Author(s): Vedaste NDIZERA and Hannah MUZEE  

October 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Why Equatoria Region in South Sudan may opt to secede

Since the founding of Southern Sudan, first as a region and later as a country, the Dinka tribe has continued to exercise absolute control and domination. Following secession of South Sudan, tribalism got elevated to a level that threatens the very unity of the new country. This study was therefore based on the hypothesis that Dinka lead governments in South Sudan cannot accept any system of governance which will not...

Author(s): Benjamin Goro Gimba  

October 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
The teaching Of Unhu/Ubuntu through Shona novels in Zimbabwean secondary schools: A case for Masvingo urban district

The study investigated the extent to which secondary schools contributed towards the promotion of unhu among secondary school learners through the teaching of Shona novels. It aimed at assessing teachers and learners’ understanding of unhu and thereby establishing the extent to which they value the teaching of unhu through the Shona novel and ascertain the extent to which Shona teachers use prescribed texts to...

Author(s): N. Eunitah Viriri and Maradze Viriri  

October 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
Stakeholders’ engagement at Magozi Rice Irrigation Scheme: Case study of moving from food-aid dependency to food self-sufficiency in Tanzania

This article examines stakeholders’ engagement in attaining food security and reducing poverty in the rural areas endowed with water natural resource. The main purpose of the article is to find evidence of appropriate approaches to overcome food insecurity and poverty in areas having abundant natural resources but engulfed with food and income poverty. It reviews the principles of stakeholders’ engagement to...

Author(s): Francis Mwaijande  

October 2018

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
An analysis of wastewater irrigation practices and its impacts on the livelihood generation and food chain contamination in Faisalabad District, Pakistan

In the irrigated agricultural areas of Pakistan, the major sources of irrigation are canal water and groundwater. Due to the scarcity of canal water the dependency on groundwater is rapidly increasing in many areas of Pakistan. The groundwater is not only expensive, inadequate, and non-affordable for the small farmers but also of inferior quality. Much of the wastewater which is produced in urban and peri-urban areas is...

Author(s): Saira Akhtar, Shabbir Ahmad, Wu Huifang, Aroosa Shahbaz, Abdul Ghafoor, Shakeel Imran, and Asma Zafar

October 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Vulnerability assessment of Gnidia glauca (Thymelaeaceae) exploitation, traditional uses and domestication potential in the community forest of Kilum-Ijim, North Western Cameroon

A study was conducted in the western highland region of Cameroon with the aim to assess sustainability of Gnidia glauca exploitation in its natural habitat. In 33 plots of 40 x 40 m, the unexploited, exploited and dead trees were evaluated for vitality using a multi-criteria vulnerability assessment method. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted with 60 respondents in six villages around Mount Oku area. Data were...

Author(s): Marie Louise AVANA-TIENTCHEU, Marie Caroline MOMO SOLEFACK,  Yanick Borel KAMGA and Victor Francois NGUETSOP  

October 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Understorey birds’ nests predation in afrotropical forest ecosystem: A case study of Korup area, Cameroon

Worldwide understorey nesting bird species such as bulbuls can also be highly vulnerable to nest predation in disturbed landscapes because they breed mainly on the lower stage of the forest. We test the following hypotheses: the transformation of forests into alternative land use systems and the vegetation’s variables at the nesting sites will affect the understorey nest predation rates. The nests of 12...

Author(s): Jean Tonleu, Kadiri Serge Bobo, Wamba Ducelier Djoumessi and Mpoame Mbida

October 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Litterfall, litter standing crops and nutrient dynamics as influenced by selective logging in tropical rainforest of Ebom, Southwest Cameroon

Litterfall, litter standing crops, nutrient dynamics and their turnover were studied in Ebom tropical rainforest of Cameroon six years after selective logging practices. Two sample sites, one in the logging part of the forest (disturbed site) and the other in the part of forest not affected by selective logging (undisturbed site) were used for the study. After two years of field experiment, the mean annual of litterfall...

Author(s): A. Ibrahima, J. C. Ntonga and A. D. Mvondo Ze

October 2018

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research
Theoretical and conceptual derivation of threshold phenomena and metabolic switching models in a chemostat system

A chemostat cell culture is a polyphasic dispersed system. Three models using net transport and metabolization (T/M) kinetics of hyperbolic form have been described. The first uses only one metabolic pathway and has been studied under various conditions. The second uses two metabolic pathways, with either high or low affinity for the substrate. The third adds excretion of fermentative products to the pathways in model...

Author(s): Jacques Thierie  

October 2018

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Susceptibility of Candida species isolated from recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis to antifungal agents among women at Institut Pasteur of Côte d’Ivoire

Recurrent vulvo-vaginal candidiasis is a major issue in pubescent females because of the fact that it is a source of health discomfort. For a better medical treatment, an analysis of susceptibility of Candida species to antifungal agents is fundamental. Therefore, this study aims to determine the susceptibility of Candida spp. to antifungal agents isolated in recurrent vulvo-vaginal candidiasis. This cross-sectional...

Author(s): Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Vincent Djohan, Valérie A. Ira-Bonouman, Henriette A. Vanga-Bosson, Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Abibatou Konaté, Valérie A. Bedia-Tanoh, Sébastien A. Miezan, Christiane P. Kiki-Barro, Hervé Menan, André Offianan Touré and William Yavo  

October 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Examination of the competencies of the pre-service teachers studying at the education faculties about the educational program literacy

Teaching programs are the basic elements and guides of the education-teaching processes. The correct understanding of the content of the teaching programs reveals the concept of the educational program literacy. The aim of this research is to study to identify the competencies of the educational program literacy of the pre-service teachers studying in the education faculties by arithmetic mean of the answers given to...

Author(s): Okan Sarıgöz and Yavuz Bolat  

October 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Applying business models to higher education

The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand how operating models and organizational structure impact the effectiveness of higher education institutions for students, faculty, administrators and the broader community. In this case study, the researcher uses the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Criteria (MBNQAC) to understand core values and the concepts of those seven criteria which are: 1) leadership...

Author(s): Sibel Ahi  

October 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Clinical and biological outcomes in an HIV-positive child treated with the immuno-modulator 6,6’-dithiodinicotinic acid (CPDS) over four years: A case report

The elimination of HIV-AIDS by 2030 is a challenging target for a country such as the D.R. Congo, since currently fewer than 50% of persons living with HIV (PLWH) are under antiretroviral treatment (ART) and have a viral suppression. There also a high rate of death of PLWH in D.R. Congo. Accessible, affordable and sustainable immunotherapy, coupled with ART, can provide a substantial support to eliminating HIV. The...

Author(s): Adolphe Ndarabu Igulu, Leon Tshilolo Muepu, Didier Mbuyi Mukendi , and Ronald Harvey Goldfarb

October 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Correlation of hepatobiliary ultrasonographic findings with cd4cell count and liver enzymes in adult hiv/aids patients in Jos

Hepatobiliary diseases occur commonly in patients with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and are now the commonest cause of death in HIV positive patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in western countries. The hepatobiliary manifestations of AIDS are related to the levels of CD4+ count as well as liver enzymes. Abdominal ultrasound examination is easy to perform, non-invasive, inexpensive, readily...

Author(s): A. Angbalaga, C. C. Ani, D. Atsukwei, E. D. Eze, A. M. Afodun, E. O. Igoh, S. C. Owoeye and C. B. Ukaonu

October 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Effect of indoor residual spraying on malaria incidence, parasitemia and parasite density among children less than five years of age in northern Benin

The effects of indoor residual spraying (IRS) on malaria transmission have been documented. However, the impact on morbidity has not always been highlighted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of IRS on malaria incidence, parasitemia and parasite density among children less than five years of age in Benin. We conducted a cohort study in sprayed and unsprayed areas during the malaria transmission season in...

Author(s): Aurore Ogouyèmi-Hounto, Bella Hounkpe, Yolande Sissinto Savi de Tove, Edgard Edah, Parfait Houngbegnon Augustin Koukpoliyi, Victoire de Souza, Adicath Adeothy, Alexis Tchevoede and Dorothée Kinde Gazard,  

October 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Catechins as antidiabetic compounds of Bridelia ferruginea Benth root bark extract

The present study was carried out to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of catechins isolated from Bridelia ferruginea in previous studies. Epigallocatechin (EGC) and Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) isolated from B. ferruginea were administrated to streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice to evaluate their anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effects. Then, biochemical parameters were assayed in different groups of...

Author(s): Batomayena Bakoma, Bénédicte Berké, Aboudoulatif Diallo, Kwashie Eklu-Gadegbeku, Kodjo Aklikokou, Messanvi Gbeassor, and Nicholas Moore  

October 2018

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Caste system, Dalitization and its implications in contemporary India

This paper deals with caste system and its implication in contemporary India. It begins with the origin of caste, religious sanction and justification made by ancient Hindu scriptures. How the role of caste which was originally followed on the basis of function among people turned out to be a discriminating element of ‘Untouchability”. It highlights various factors influencing the stabilization and...

Author(s): Selvin Raj Gnana  

October 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Challenges with the implementation and adoption of assisted reproductive technologies under communal farming system

This study aimed to assess the perception of cattle farmers regarding the challenges affecting implementation and adoption of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) such as oestrous synchronisation and artificial insemination under communal and emerging farming systems in South Africa. The study was conducted in Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. A total of 27 cattle farmers who participated in the ARTs...

Author(s): Thinawanga Joseph Mugwabana, Voster Muchenje, Nkhanedzeni Baldwin Nengovhela, Khathutshelo Agree Nephawe and Tshimangadzo Lucky Nedambale  

October 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence and risk analysis of bovine brucellosis in Asella organized dairy farm, Oromia Regional State, South East Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted on organized Dairy Farm at Asella, Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia to determine seroprevalence and risk analysis of bovine brucellosis in May, 2016. A total of 304 samples were collected; all were tested and confirmed serologically using Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and complement fixation test (CFT). Out of 304 samples tested, overall seroprevalence of RBPT and CFT results...

Author(s): Eyob Eticha, Hani Solomon, Diriba Lemma and Birhanu Abera  

October 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Detection of Mycobacterium bovis in whey, by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and bacteriological culture

The objective of this study was to detect the presence of Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) in whey. A total of 233 cow milk samples were analyzed together with 26 tank milk samples that came from dairy herds of several states of the Mexican Republic (Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Coahuila). DNA was obtained from whey and used for polymerase chain reaction-multiplex (PCR-M). Tuberculosis...

Author(s): Elaenia Minerva Gurrola-Mejía, Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Laura Hernández-Andrade and Marisela Leal-Hernández  

October 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Multidrug resistant Escherichia coli isolated from asymptomatic school going children in Kibera slum, Kenya

Pathogenic Escherichia coli are of different types, currently grouped into six groups depending on the virulence gene(s) they possess. This study isolated pathogenic E. coli from 580 stool samples obtained in the month of August, 2016. The samples were obtained from asymptomatic school going children in one of the biggest urban slums in Kenya. Ten primary schools were randomly sampled and 40 to 80 stool samples...

Author(s): Gitahi N. J., Gathura P. B., Gicheru M. M., Githinji T. W. and Nordin A.

October 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Evaluation of the storage and drying processes of Melissa officinalis L. leaves

Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae), medicinal plant used as sedative commercialized in natura and as dry plant in Brazil. The aim of this study was to determine the postharvest life and drying processes of Melissa leaves in function of essential oil contents. Leaves (10 g) were stored at room temperature (RT=19.6°C) and refrigeration temperature (10°C, AR), measured daily loss of fresh mass. In the evaluation,...

Author(s): Rosana Gonçalves Rodrigues-das-Dores, Juliana Cristina Santos Almeida Bastos, Viviane Flores Xavier, Fernanda de Souza Marques, Fernando Luis Finger and Vicente Wagner Dias Casali  

October 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Assessment of the relationship between leverage and performance: An empirical study of unlisted banks in Ghana

This study contrasts empirical studies which had focused on listed bank at the detriment of unlisted banks. In other to enhance public confidence in the banking sector and ensure financial inclusion, this study examined the relationship between leverage and performance of unlisted banks in Ghana. This study examined the relationship between leverage, other moderating variables and bank performance by collecting data...

Author(s): Samuel Gameli Gadzo and Samuel Kofi Asiamah  

Page 6 of 1145, showing 50 records out of 57203 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300