Articles

 

Page 9 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63455 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Supporting new academic staff Quality Improvement (QI) project in the School of Nursing and Health Care Leadership

October-December 2023

Recruiting and retaining appropriately qualified academic staff is vital for the delivery of high-quality teaching in any academic setting, including health care and nursing. Evidence suggests that transition from an expert clinician to becoming a novice academic in the field of adult nursing could be challenging. A Quality Improvement project was undertaken to develop a structured induction and orientation programme in...

Author(s): Khan N. and Cooper E.  

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Influence of duration and temperature of infusion on the heavy metal contents of some groups of tea in Nigeria

October-December, 2023

Consumption of tea has been recommended not only for its taste and aroma but also for its medicinal importance, and these factors may contribute to public health concerns. The physicochemical characteristics of tea groups (green, black, and medicinal tea) were investigated using standard procedures. 2 g of each tea group and type were infused for 10 min at 60 and 80°C, and the extract was digested with a 2:1 mixture...

Author(s): Tomori, Wasiu Bolaji, Oyewumi, Tolulope Oyelekan, and Omale Peter Enefola  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Polyphenol content, antioxidant and antiproliferative effects of a plant mixture composed of four medicinal plants with hepatoprotective potential

October 2023

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), known as normal by-products of various cellular processes, are involved in several human diseases, including cancer and liver diseases. The present study aimed to (i) determine the polyphenol contents, (ii) assess the antioxidant, and (iii) antiproliferative effects of a mixture composed of Balanites aegyptiaca, Calotropis procera, Cochlospermum tinctorium, and Acanthospermum hispidum....

Author(s): Boly Rainatou, Kindo Abdourahim, Traore Tata Kadiatou, Belem-Kabre Wendkouni Leila M. Esther, Barro Lassina, Compaore Souleymane, Compaore Moussa, Carraz Maelle and Ouedraogo Noufou  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Characterization of goat production systems in two agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso, West Africa

October-December 2023

Improving the management of goat in rural areas and enhancing its ability to alleviate smallholder poverty requires a better understanding of the existing production systems. This study has been undertaken to characterize the diversity of goat farming systems and identify major constraints and opportunities for their sustainability in two agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso, namely Sudano-Sahelian and Sudanian, as...

Author(s): Badjibassa Akounda, Dominique Ouédraogo, Pamela Anna Burger, Benjamin D. Rosen, Curtis P. Van Tassell, Johann Sölkner and Albert Soudré  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Phenotypic and production characteristics of locally adapted pig ecotypes in South-Western Agro-ecological Zone, Uganda

October-December 2023

The study to document phenotypic characteristics of locally adapted pigs was carried out in South-Western Agro-ecological Zone (SWAEZ) Uganda. 784 households were included; keeping a total of 3032 pigs including piglets. Only one adult pig in each household was used for recording of phenotypic characteristics. These included 252 males and 1032 females totalling 1284 pigs. Piglets (0-3 months old) constituted a slightly...

Author(s): Jackline Kampire, Gertrude N. Kiwanuka and Grace Kagoro-Rugunda  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Scatter radiation dose assessment in selected areas at a radiology department in a teaching hospital in South Western, Nigeria.

October 2023

This study assessed the scattered radiation exposure level in a few selected locations, in the Radiology Department of the Ondo State University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. The radiation leakages from the x-ray device and interaction of the patient’s body with the beam of radiation formed the radiation exposure level which has tendency to produce stochastic and deterministic effect on patients...

Author(s): Akande I. O., Vincent U. E., Olowookere C. J., Akomolafe I. R. and Martins G.  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Pharmacological cerebrovascular accidents management in intensive care unit at Cocody University Hospital

October 2023

Stroke is an increasingly prevalent and serious condition in Côte d'Ivoire. Typically, this condition is managed in a continuous care unit and necessitates polypharmacy. The objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacotherapeutic approach and assess the availability of pharmaceutical drugs used in stroke management. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study by reviewing patient...

Author(s): Te Bonle Leynouin Franck-Olivier, Kouakou Sylvain Landry, Brou N&#;guessan Aimé, Kouakoussui Larissa Morel Akissi, Adoune Emmanuel Démétrius, Effo Kouakou Etienne, Irie-N’guessan Geneviève, and Kouakou-Siransy Gisèle  

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Effects of rangeland based integrated soil and water conservation practices on herbaceous species regeneration, diversity, biomass and growth of planted tree species in Haro-Bake Sub-Watershed, Yaballo District, and Southern Ethiopia

October-December 2023

Rangeland degradation is a significant threat to people in dryland areas, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa like Ethiopia. Rehabilitation of degraded land is challenging due to moisture limitations and drought. This study evaluated rangeland-based integrated watershed management. Three soil and moisture conservation structures were applied, and multi-purpose tree/shrub species like Faidherbia albida, Melia azedarach,...

Author(s): Siraj Kelil, Sisay Taye, Tadesse Negash and Jaldessa Doyo

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
People perceptions about usage of polythene and its impact on environment at Ruwanwella DS division in Sri Lanka

July-December 2023

The study was conducted in Ruwanwella during November to January 2022. Polythene poses serious impacts on the environment. The aim of this survey was to assess people's perceptions about the usage of polythene and its impact on the environment. Data was collected from 30 housewives and 30 A/L students using two semi-structured questionnaires and interviews with a doctor. The main reason for using polythene bags...

Author(s): R. A. Thakshila Maduwanthi Senanayaka  

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Power-sharing and electoral conflict management in Zanzibar: Focusing on electoral institutions

October-December 2023

Zanzibar adopted a power-sharing in 2010 to solve the tumultuous electoral conflict that resulted in bloodshed and social upheaval. In a unique case, the adoption involves a referendum vote and a subsequent constitutional change. The aim was to make the arrangement reliable and stable for peace and democracy on the Island. The expectation, though, fades into obscurity. The public witnessed election violence in 2020, a...

Author(s): Moh&#;d Juma Haji and Ambrose Theobald Kessy

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
International policy coups d'état in Francophone African countries causes, consequences and international responses

October-December 2023

This article examines recent coups d'état in Francophone African countries, including Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger, and explores their causes, implications and international responses. To fully understand these events, the article begins by contextualizing the independence of these nations and their complex relationships with France. In the 1950s, France granted independence to its African colonies but...

Author(s): Gregoire Anani

African Journal of Business Management
Innovation types and SMEs financial performance relationship: Evidence from Eritrea

October 2023

The objective of this current study is to investigate the relationship between different types of innovation and the financial performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in a developing country, specifically in Eritrea. To achieve this, a questionnaire was distributed to managers/owners of selected firms, and Smart-PLS structural equation modeling was employed to test the hypotheses. The results reveal...

Author(s): Dawit Teclemariam Bahta, Yemane Gebreluel, Hafiz Suleman, Yemane Ateshim and Mikal Dawit

African Journal of Business Management
Telework due to covid-19 in organizations in Cameroon: A managerial change or a delusion

October 2023

This study focuses on teleworking, the adoption of which involves a managerial adjustment based on digital technology. Its objective is to assess the practice of telework in Cameroonian organisations, particularly the managerial change operated by the management team. To achieve this objective, we adopted the case study method. Thus, from the semi-directive interviews conducted with seven managers of Cameroonian...

Author(s): Bello

Journal of African Studies and Development
Small-scale mining and child labour in Kolwezi, Democratic Republic of Congo

October-December

Child labour is a critical issue in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The case of Kolwezi in Lualaba is of interest because the area is known as the capital of cobalt, a strategic mineral for the transition to a low-carbon economy. Since 2017, global demand for cobalt has been soaring and this raises the question of working conditions in the ASM. This paper attempts to provide a...

Author(s): Godelive Kusimwa Batano, Martin Doevenspeck and Nene Morisho Mwana Biningo  

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Universal stress protein (usp) gene role: A conceptual hotspot for general resistance and microbial survival

July-December

The increasing trend of antimicrobial resistance is quite alarming and requires urgent response to circumvent the menace. Microorganisms are known to be resistant to adverse reactions using different survival strategies. Indiscriminate usage of antibiotics has driven the rapid spread of antibiotic resistance within pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms. The majority of microbes have established defence mechanisms...

Author(s): Onyia C. E., Ezeonu I. M. and Eze E. A.  

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Land suitability evaluation for rainfed maize production using geospatial technologies in Nzara and Yambio counties, South Sudan

October-December, 2023

Classifying land based on its suitability for agriculture is crucial for agricultural development and future planning for food production. In this context, a land suitability assessment for rainfed maize varieties was conducted in Sakure and Nginda Payams of Nzara and Yambio counties, covering an area of 47,500 ha. The purpose of this assessment was to create a semi-detailed land suitability map (scale 1:100,000) using...

Author(s): Isaac Aziz Justin Bazugba, Boniface Hussein Massawe, Mawazo Jamson Shitindi and Pio Kur Deng

Scientific Research and Essays
Identification of the spatial patterns of air pollution and its sources in Ogui New Layout, South-East of Nigeria, using remote sensing and GIS technology

October-December, 2023

Air pollution is one of the main risk factors for human health. It is the deadliest form of environmental pollution, which the World Health Organization has recognized as a significant indicator of the status of the environment. Therefore, there is a need for monitoring of air pollution to reduce health hazards associated with it. In this study, Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System were used to examine the...

Author(s): Obiageli Josephine Ugonabo, Ernest Benjamin Ikechukwu Ugwu, and Eucharia Chidinma Okoro

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Hydrogeological assessment of groundwater resources within Isuikwuato and environ South Eastern Nigeria: Agenda for food agriculture and clean water policies

October-December, 2023

Groundwater resources of the Isuikwuato area, south eastern Nigeria, have been evaluated using integrated geophysical and hydrogeochemical techniques, to determine the quality and usability of the groundwater for domestic and agricultural purposes. Twenty Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) physicochemical analyses were done. Depth to aquiferous unit varies from 38 to 148 m. The hydrogeochemical characterization shows...

Author(s): Joshua Chima CHIZOBA, Ayatu Ojonugwa USMAN, Chukwudi Chris EZEH, Ifeanyi Augustine CHINWUKO, George-Best AZUOKO, Obinna Chigoziem AKAKURU and Kenneth Obinna IHEME  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Groundnut market participation in Zimbabwe: A case of Makoni District

October-December 2023

Groundnut production and marketing contribute substantially to food and nutrition, livestock feed, soil fertility amendment, and income diversification for the majority of poor smallholder farmers in rural Zimbabwe. However, one of the challenging issues affecting the benefits from groundnut farming continues to be the low market involvement of smallholder farmers. Research on the factors preventing smallholder farmers...

Author(s): Newettie Jambo, Juliet Vimbiso Matsekete, Timothy Manyise, Freddy Ruzhani and Faustino Madzokere  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Epidemiological, entomological and evolutionary aspects of confirmed yellow fever cases from 2021 to 2022 in CAR

October-December 2023

Ten countries in the African region, including the Central African Republic (CAR), were in epidemics. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological, entomological and evolutionary aspects of the yellow fever epidemic in CAR. This is a retrospective study for descriptive purposes. The survey population consists of confirmed yellow fever cases from 2021 to 2022 in CAR. The data came from the basics of...

Author(s): E. Kalthan, T. D. Koyazengbe, C. M. Pamatika, C. Ngoagouni, A. O. Kpahina, J. D. Boyo, G. Grewa, Z. Vogbia Dalingat, F. E. Moussa Yagata and D. B. Rawago  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Frequency of different types of intimate partner violence in selected health units of the National Health Service of Mozambique: A retrospective study

October-December 2023

Intimate partner violence (IPV) includes a wide range of abusive behaviours perpetrated by someone involved or who was involved in an intimate relationship with the victim, and is a serious and preventable public health problem globally. This article reports on the frequency of different types of IPV in selected health units of the Mozambican National Health Service. The study was based on a cross-sectional and...

Author(s): Joaquim Matavel, Gércio Bila, Khátia Munguambe, James G. Linn and Osvaldo Loquiha  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Unintended pregnancy and sexually transmissible infections amongst adolescents and young adults in Douala IV municipality, Cameroon: Prevalence, knowledge, and associated factors

October-December 2023

Adolescent pregnancy remains a significant public health challenge especially in sub-Saharan Africa, with a resultant significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and knowledge of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) amongst adolescents and young adults in the Douala IV municipality. A school-based cross-sectional study was carried out in the...

Author(s): Mohnchimbare Christina Mbongueh, Tendongfor Nicholas, Asu Carine Ndum, Etame Loe Gisèle, Assob Nguedia and Jules Clement  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Association between adiposity indices and hypertension in an urban population of adults in the north west region of Cameroon

October-December 2023

The rising prevalence of obesity globally is becoming worrisome as excess weight is associated with hypertension and other adverse cardiovascular outcomes. This study therefore set out to determine the prevalence of hypertension in relation to some measures of adiposity (BMI, WC and WHtR) and to examine the association between blood pressure (BP) and the adiposity indices amongst adults in the North West Region of...

Author(s): Loveline Lum Niba, Njiawah Austin Chi and Lifoter Kenneth Navti,

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research
Deciphering the role of missense mutations in Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex

July-December 2023

Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex (EBS) is a genodermatosis characterized by the production of superficial bullous lesions on the skin as a result of minor mechanical or frictional injury. It is caused by mutation in either the Keratin 5(KRT5) or Keratin 14(KRT14) gene. This paper used various computational approaches to understand the effect of select missense mutations in KRT5. The crystal structure of the 2B domain of...

Author(s): Akanksha Sharma and Ranvir Singh

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Epidemiology of African Tick-Bite Fever (Rickettsia africae) in Uganda

October-December 2023

African tick-bite fever is a rickettsial illness that has recently emerged as a significant disease among international travelers. This tick-borne zoonosis is transmitted by Amblyomma ticks, which is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the eastern Caribbean. Uganda is a major tourism destination with plenty of natural environments visited by tourists. In addition to tourists, the Ugandan population could also be...

Author(s): Jesca Nakayima and Celsus Sente  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
In-vitro efficacy of solanum incanum on Rhipicephalus appendiculatus

October-December 2023

Herbal remedies have a long history of use for tick control. Solanum incanum ripe fruits are locally used to manage ticks. In this study, the effect of S. incanum fruit extracts on egg hatchability, inhibition of oviposition and larval mortality of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks was investigated. The reproductive efficiency of eggs laid by the ticks was determined. The highest number of eggs laid was recorded in the...

Author(s): Mugumya Obed  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Determination of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol contents in Cannabis sativa L. samples in Togo using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

October, 2023

Cannabis sativa L. is a widely used recreational drug in Togo, especially among young people. However, little is known about its chemical composition in Sub-Saharan Africa, and specifically in Togo. This study aimed to determine the levels of phytocannabinoids, specifically Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), in cannabis samples collected from various towns in Togo using gas chromatography coupled...

Author(s): Kodjo Eloh, Komi Alfa, Oudjaniyobi Simalou, Sabrina Chris Janiba SANVEE , Marie-France Bakaï, Hèzouwè Kagnou and Pierluigi Caboni  

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
In vitro anthelmintic activity against Haemonchus contortus of methanolic extracts of selected medicinal plants from Meru County, Kenya

October-December 2023

Helminthiasis causes losses in livestock production, and anthelminthics are used to treat helmintic infections. Resistance has necessitated the need for development of more effective alternatives. Plants offer a promising alternative and, in Meru County, traditional plant-based treatments for helminthiasis have been used, although there is a lack of scientific proof of their efficacy. The aim of this study was to...

Author(s): Kelvin Mawira Joseph J.N Ngeranwa, John Mwonjoria and Joseph Nginyi  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of soil fertility status in the Kyoga Basin of Uganda: A physio-chemical study in Buyende and Serere districts

October, 2023

Nutrients present in the soil are important elements required for the healthy growth of plants. This study, therefore, sought to examine the physio-chemical properties of soils in Buyende and Serere districts, in the Kyoga basin, Uganda. Using soil auger, soil samples were purposively picked from Serere (23) and Buyende (17) districts at depth of (0-25 cm).  Routine soil analysis was done for the macro soil...

Author(s): Ronald Inguula Odongo, Mulungi Trust Nakanwagi, Isaac Mugume, Mary Nsabagwa, Alex Nimusiima, Bob Alex Ogwang, Annet Margaret, Sylvia Nahayo, Faridah S Nalwanga, Julianne Sansa-Otim, Irene Musiime, Robert Kakuru, Anthony Mwije and Peter Wasswa

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of salinity tolerance of lowland rice genotypes (Oryza sativa L.) at the reproductive stage

October, 2023

Developing salt tolerant varieties is the best solution to the increasing soil salinity problem of rice growing areas all over the world. This study evaluated salinity tolerance of 72 lowland rice genotypes at the reproductive stage in field experiments conducted in coastal Marovoay, Madagascar. Field salinity levels were controlled at 2 and 4 dS m-1 through irrigation. Tolerance of selected genotypes was validated in...

Author(s): Safidimanjato Rafaliarivony, Hery Lisy Tiana Ranarijaona, Mbolarinosy Rasoafalimanana, Tendro Radanielina and Matthias Wissuwa  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Allelopathic potential of green manure, cover crops, mulching plants, and weeds found in tea plantations

October, 2023

The allelopathic activity of cover crops, green manure, mulching plants, and weeds commonly found in tea plantations was evaluated employing laboratory bioassays, greenhouse experiments and field trials. The results of laboratory and greenhouse experiments concluded that the green manure plants, Gliricidia sepium, Erythrina lithosperma, Eupatorium inulifolium, Tithonia diversifolia, Artemisia vulgaris and mulching...

Author(s): K. G. Nelum, P. Piyasena, M. G. S. Liyanage, N. C. Weerakoon and M. S. D. L. De Silva  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of input-output relationship of crop enterprises in the different climate change adaptation options among farmers in Borno State, Nigeria

October, 2023

The study analyzed the input-output relationship of crop enterprises in response to different climate change adaptation options among farmers in Borno State, Nigeria. The research was conducted in two agroecological zones (AEZ) within the state, employing a multi-stage sampling procedure to select 360 farmers for the study. Data analysis involved the use of means, frequencies, and multiple regression techniques. The...

Author(s): Mohammed D., Abaka S. S., Timothy E. and Arubi A. A.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of information communication technologies by cricket farmers

October, 2023

Cricket farming is an upcoming enterprise to most households in rural communities. Apparently, there is no documented evidence on how farmers access agricultural information on cricket value chain. This study was carried out to assess the use of information communication technologies (ICTs) by farmers to access value chain information. ICTs application in cricket farming means ease to access cricket value chain...

Author(s): Abel M. Peter, Solomon O. Ogara and Grace Mugumbate  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Fruit morphological characteristics at different maturity stages of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) improved hybrids (PB113+, PB121+) and their parent males (RIT+, WAT+)

October, 2023

Cocos nucifera L. is an important coastal crop in Côte d'Ivoire, with 53 coconut cultivars. The present study was carried out to compare the morphophysical characteristics of C. nucifera L. fruit of the improved parents Rennell Island Tall (RIT+) and West Africa Tall (WAT+) and their hybrids PB113+ and PB121+, harvested at different maturity. The ANOVA results showed that cultivar and maturity had a...

Author(s): Kouadio Marcellin Konan, Konan Konan Jean Louis, Doubi Bi Tra Serges, Soro Pégnonsienre Lacina, Djaha Konan Engueran and Kone Fankroma Martial Thierry  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Irrigation management of sugarcane in the Brazilian Cerrado

October, 2023

The State of Goiás is the second-largest producer of sugarcane in Brazil. However, it still faces low productivity, primarily due to the lack of sugarcane varieties adapted to this region and its typical water deficit. Therefore, the objective of this work is to evaluate the performance of two sugarcane varieties subjected to different irrigation management practices in the Cerrado of Goiás. The study was...

Author(s): Adao Wagner Pego Evangelista, Jose Alves Junior, Derblai Casaroli, Tallyta Ramalho Rodrigues, Fernando Rezende da Costa, Valeria Lima da Silva and Rafael Battisiti  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Less water treatment: Fusion of drip irrigation and hydroponics method in agriculture

October, 2023

Agriculture is a major area in the production of food crops and a way to increase productivity with minimal water usage. Traditional agriculture can take a certain amount of time and yield good and healthy crops. However, this research focuses on an innovative fusion of agriculture to improve yield in a shorter period of time, providing a more efficient and effective result when compared to the hydroponics and Cocopeat...

Author(s): P. R. Sheebha Rani, R. Jemila Rose, S. R Sylaja Vallee Narayan, M C Sheeba, F. S. Fathima Nazreen and Ebil Metilda    

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A study on the susceptibility of maize genotypes against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

October, 2023

Several maize varieties with high-yield potential have recently been created; however, their resistance to storage pests is unknown. This study compares the resistance ability to Sitophilus zeamais of four open-pollinated varieties (OPVs) and thirteen hybrid maize varieties using Dobie's susceptibility index (SI). The genotypes were tested in a completely randomized design with three replications at a temperature of...

Author(s): Temesgen Tsegab and Emana Getu  

Medical Case Studies
Reactivation of tuberculosis in Covid-19 infected patient: Case report

July-December 2023

Tuberculous meningitis is a severe manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, often associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. This case report discusses a unique presentation of tuberculous meningitis in a 39-year-old male who was concurrently positive for COVID-19. The patient initially presented with symptoms of COVID-19, including fatigue, fever, and respiratory distress. However, subsequent...

Author(s): Tamar Megrelishvili, Levan Ratiani, Tinatin Gaprindashvili, Nana Saralidze, Grigol Nemsadze, Irakli Chikovani, Tornike Jashi, Vera Nemsadze and Mariam Silagava  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Targeting and mapping resistance to Cercospora sojina in two elite soybean (Glycine max L.) populations

October-December 2023

Frogeye Leaf Spot (FLS) is a soybean disease caused by the fungus Cercospora sojina. It is distinctly signified by red-brown circular lesions on the leaves that can move to the stems, pods, and seeds in severe infections. QoI inhibitor fungicides had been priorly used to control C. sojina, but resistance was quickly developed. Without adequate control, yield can be reduced to 40% when environmental conditions are...

Author(s): Stella K. Kantartzi, Kelsey McAllister and Yi-Chen Lee

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Controlled pollination and representativeness of the parental genotypes used during the regeneration of old Tall coconut accessions (Cocos nucifera L.) from the International Collection for Africa and the Indian Ocean

October-December 2023

After 20 years of conservation of accessions of Tall coconut palms in the International Coconut Collection for Africa and the Indian Ocean (ICC-AIO), they become unusable because of the hight of the coconut palms which makes variety creation operations difficult. The regeneration of old accessions was therefore undertaken. However, the representativeness of the parental palms used as male or female genitors during the...

Author(s): Yao Saraka Didier Martial, Koffi Eric-Blanchard Zadjéhi., DARAMCOUM Marie Pierre Wentoin Alimata, Konan Konan Jean Louis, Bourdeix Roland, Diarrassouba Nafan, Konan Kouamé Jean Noel and SIE Raoul Sylvère  

Philosophical Papers and Review
Sri Aurobindo’s Yogic Vision of ‘Electron’ as a Form of Consciousness and the ‘Probability Wave’ of the Quantum Theory

July-December 2023

On a very high plane of yogic consciousness, Sri Aurobindo has discovered consciousness to be the ‘fundamental thing in existence’. It is the consciousness which arranges itself to come into the forms of ‘electron, atom, and material existence’. Such yogic discovery comes into the vision of the scientific mind when the scientists working on the Quantum Theory discover a wave which is not...

Author(s): Nikhil Kumar

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effects of sound waves on conidiospores of Aspergillus oryzae strain RIB40 and characterization of the enzyme activity of rice–koji

October 2023

It was reported that the glucoamylase activity of rice-koji prepared with sound-irradiated conidiospores of yellow-koji, Aspergillus oryzae, at 16 kHz was decreased as compared with that of conidiospores that had not been sound irradiated. To reveal why the glucoamylase activity was changed, we observed the changes of the expression level of glaB encoding glucoamylase. We also determined to observe how the germination...

Author(s): Taku Matsumoto, Kouji Kojima, Noriaki Saigusa and Yuji Teramoto

African Journal of Biotechnology
An optimized protocol for in vitro regeneration of tropical maize inbred lines through cell suspension and semi-protoplast cultures

October 2023

Maize being an important staple food crop is widely consumed in Kenya but its production remains low due to biotic and abiotic challenges that have not been addressed sufficiently through conventional breeding. This study sought to optimize the establishment of cell suspension and protoplast cultures for 10 tropical inbred maize genotypes in order to identify genotypes that can readily establish in liquid cultures and...

Author(s): Billiah Moemi, Joel Masanga and Steven Runo

African Journal of Biotechnology
Screening extracts of fungal endophytes isolated from Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst. Radlk.) for control of bean anthracnose

October 2023

Common bean is consumed in large quantities globally but it is highly susceptible to Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, leading to 90 to 100% yield losses. This study investigated the bioactivity of secondary metabolites from Allophylus abyssinicus fungal endophytes against C. lindemuthianum, causing bean anthracnose. A total of 37 fungal endophytes were isolated from the leaves, bark and roots of A. abyssinicus and 20%...

Author(s): Hellen Gathiru Kariuki, Isabel Nyokabi Wagara, Beatrice Were, Waudo Walyambillah and Josphat Clement Matasyoh

African Journal of Biotechnology
Quality evaluation of low free fatty acid and high free fatty acid crude palm oil and variation of total fatty matter and fatty acid composition in Nigerian palm oil

October 2023

Quality of palm oil determines its consumer and market acceptability and price. This correlates directly to its moisture (%), free fatty acid (% FFA) and total fatty matter (%TFM) content. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the quality of low free fatty acid (LFFA) and high free fatty acid (HFFA) crude palm oil (CPO) samples aged 5 to 10 days, purchased from four locations in Southern Nigeria. HFFA CPO is...

Author(s): Igile G. O., Iwara A. I., Ekpe O. O., Essien N. M. and Egbung G. E.

African Journal of Biotechnology
Introducing cotton farming by the use of transgenic cotton for phytoremediation of industrial wastes polluted soils in Southern Nigeria

October 2023

Industrialization in the Niger Delta region of southern Nigeria has resulted in excessive discharge of industrial wastes, especially oil spillage. Farming in this region has declined and cotton farming has not survived there due to this menace. Phytoremediation, which is an emerging green technology has been adopted for the revitalization of farming in polluted sites and has been integrated towards solving this...

Author(s): Nnaemeka E. Vitalis and Yuqiang Sun

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular detection of pathogenic Leptospira from cattle in peri-urban areas of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

October 2023

Leptospirosis is a bacterial, zoonotic disease caused by pathogenic Leptospira. Rodents are known to carry pathogenic Leptospira, but livestock are also important hosts. The disease is economically important in cattle, causing abortion, decreased fertility and decline in milk yield. Pathogenic Leptospira are shed in cattle urine and can survive in the environment. Only a few studies have been performed in Ethiopia to...

Author(s): Marrigje J. Kreuger, Woldaregay Erku, Antoine Stuitje, Zewdu Terefework, Gemechu Chala and Siobhan M. Mor,  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effect of sanitizers combined with ultrasound on adhesion of microorganisms isolated from fish from the Amazon region

October 2023

Attachment of undesirable microorganisms to surfaces that contact food is a source of concern, since it can result in product contamination leading to serious economic and health problems. Bacteria aggregated to form biofilms are more resistant to environmental stress than planktonic cells. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the bactericidal effect of sodium hypochlorite and peracetic acid associated with...

Author(s): Evelyn Ivana Trindade Damasceno, Hamilton Mendes Figueiredo and Antonio Manoel Da Cruz Rodrigues

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Growth, root colonization and yield attribute responses of five groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties toward arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal inoculation in a Senegalese agricultural soil

October 2023

The aim of this study was to isolate the most specific and effective arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) for groundnut and to determine the degree of variability in the response of groundnut varieties to inoculation. The seeds of five varieties: 55-437, Fleur 11, Sunu Gaal, Amoul Morom, and Essamaay were inoculated individually with five AMF (Funneliformis mosseae, Rhizophagus aggregatus and Rhizophagus fasciculatus, the...

Author(s): Godar Sene, Nibourou Top, Nogaye Niang, Maimouna Cissoko, Cheikh Ndiaye, Issa Faye, Mansour Thiao, Saliou Fall, and Samba Ndao Sylla,  

African Journal of Food Science
Production, proximate and sensory analysis of canned fish in tucupi and jambu (Acmella oleracea) sauce

October 2023

The objective of the study was to develop canned fish with tucupi and jambu sauce from king weakfish, sardines and white mullet species. The elaborated products were submitted to sensorial, microbiological and centesimal analyses. The experimental design consisted of three treatments and five replications; 15 containers were processed at 121°C for 15 min. For sensory analysis, the 9-point hedonic scale was used....

Author(s): Keber Costa Junior, Francisco Lima Barros, Natalino Souza, Milena Cavalcante, Jhulie Ferreira, Bruno Baltazar, Kevin Pinheiro do Nascimento, Valéria do Carmo, Jhonatan Pimentel Costa and Marileide Alves  

Page 9 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63455 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450