Articles

 

Page 9 of 1245, showing 50 records out of 62229 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

Educational Research and Reviews
Case study of the out of school Teenage Mothers’ lived experiences and perceptions on education in Rusororo sector, Rwanda: A back to school framework

March 2022

This study purposed to investigate the lived experiences of out of school teenage mothers during pregnancy, and post-delivery in Rusororo Sector, Gasabo district, Kigali City. It is a qualitative study that used case study design to investigate the school teenage mothers (participants) on their perceived school experience with fellow students, teachers and school leaders, study courses, and parents; the psychological...

Author(s): Patrick Gatsinzi

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of vulvo-vaginal candidiasis among women attending clinics in selected Hospitals in Oyo State, Southwest, Nigeria

January-March 2022

Vulvo-vaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a pathogenic fungal infection with a high burden among women of reproductive age (WRA). Healthcare delivery system related constraints in developing countries have made its diagnosis and management unnecessarily complicated leading to poor management of the infection. The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of VVC among women attending clinics in selected hospitals in Oyo...

Author(s): Michael Oladimeji Idowu, Gabriel Ifeoluwa Makinde, Olayinka Oluyemi Oluranti, Matthew Ayodeji Adebayo and Olajide Ayodele Adekunle  

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Effects of stakeholder interaction in REDD+ implementation: The case of two forest districts in Ghana

January-March 2022

The study adopted a qualitative approach and relied enormously on primary data obtained through interviews and focus group discussions to assess the type of interaction and its effects in the implementation of the REDD+ initiative in two forest districts in Ghana. The country’s involvement in REDD+ began in 2008 and received approval in 2010. Many partners from civil society, private sector, government,...

Author(s): Gladys Nkrumah and Kwame Ameyaw Domfeh

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Cardiopulmonary and stress responses of xylazine, acepromazine or midazolam sedated West African dwarf goats to different body positioning

January-March 2022

West African Dwarf (WAD) goats are important source of animal protein, ubiquitous in rural Nigerian households and undergo necessary surgical procedures. Induction of general anaesthesia in goats is associated with resultant severe systemic side effects due to position-induced stress. This study investigated cardiopulmonary and stress responses of WAD goats to three sedatives in different body positioning. Six adult WAD...

Author(s): Foluso Bolawaye Bolaji-Alabi and Adeniran Adetunji  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessing the role of community members in waste disposal in Lilongwe - Capital City of Malawi

March 2022

The study assessed the roles of community members on community level waste disposal in the city of Lilongwe in Malawi. The communities are basically low income and densely populated where a lot of people depend on small scale businesses. The study used a mixed methods approach. The target population was the community members of eighteen years of age and above. The sample size was 40 and the participants were selected...

Author(s): Giovanni Ndala and Nelson Nanteleza Ndala

International Journal of English and Literature
No country for old men: Finding a place to be in New South Africa

January-March 2022

This paper examines the interconnectedness of masculinity and setting in African fiction by a close reading of Coetzee’s Disgrace. The negative effects of subscribing to a single masculinity have been discussed in scholarly works since masculinity studies were given mainstream attention over two decades ago. However, the importance of setting to the formation of and subscription to masculine archetypes has not...

Author(s): Duncan Emmanuel Godfred Kobina Essel 

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Influence of phosphorus-solubilizing microorganisms and phosphate amendments on pearl millet growth and nutrient use efficiency in different soils types

March 2022

Two greenhouse growth trials were performed to assess inoculation with phosphorus (P)-solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) in combination with alternative sources of phosphate in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) cultivation: One using sandy soil and the other using clayey soil. The treatments comprised five P sources, with or without inoculation with PSM B119 (Bacillus megaterium) and B2084 (Bacillus subtilis) strains....

Author(s): Flávia Cristina dos Santos, Denise Pacheco dos Reis, Eliane Aparecida Gomes, Daniela de Azevedo Ladeira, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira, Izabelle Gonçalves Melo, Fabiane Ferreira de Souza, Bianca Braz Mattos, Cleide Nascimento Campos and Christiane Abreu de Oliveira-Paiva

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Evaluating the potentials of complexing agents in multi-metal extractions using 4,4´-(1e,1e´)-1,1´-(Ethane-1,2-Diylbis(Azan-1-Yl-1ylidene))Bis(5-Methyl-2-Phenyl-2,3-Dihydro-1h-Pyrazol-3-Ol) (H2BuEtP)

January-March 2022

Heavy metals toxicity has led to the continuous study of new and efficient methods for their removal from the environment. Solvent extraction method was used to study the potentials of the auxiliary complexing agents Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), Oxalate (C2O42-), Thiocyanate (SCN-) and Tartrate (C4H4O62-) ions in the simultaneous extraction of Cadmium, Iron, Nickel and Lead from aqueous solutions buffered to...

Author(s): Jackson Godwin, Cyprian Yameso Abasi and Augustus Newton Ebelegi  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Trace metal contamination of groundwater and human health risk in Katuba and Kenya municipalities of Lubumbashi city, Southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo

March 2022

Trace metal contamination of groundwater was assessed in Katuba and Kenya municipalities of Lubumbashi city in 2016 and 2017 to determine whether water was suitable or unsuitable for human consumption. Two hundred and four groundwater samples collected from twenty spade-sunk and four drilled wells in both municipalities were analyzed for their trace metal contents using a sector field inductively coupled plasma mass...

Author(s): Bamba Bukengu Muhaya and Benjamin Busomoke Badarhi

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Role of aromatic plants in the integrated pest management (IPM) of Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

March, 2022

Onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman is a cosmopolitan and polyphagous insect pest. Onion thrips cause direct and indirect damage to onion by feeding and ovipositing on leaves of several horticultural crops. Besides causing direct damage to its host plants, T. tabaci has been known as an asymptomatic transmitter of plant pathogens such as tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), iris yellow spot virus (IYSV) and tomato yellow...

Author(s): Wondimagegn Atilaw Woldemelak  

African Journal of Marketing Management
Sales promotion tools, customer emotions and consumer buying responses in Ghana

January-June 2022

Sales promotion is used by various organizations to encourage buying response among their customers. Although it is an effective tool in marketing, few studies have been conducted on sales promotion on buying response using customer emotions as a mediating factor. To fill these gap, the study pursued the formation of a model that explains how sales promotion links to customers' emotions and buying responses in...

Author(s): Martey Edward Markwei, Adenutsi Kingsford, Mante George Dominic Kofi, Siaw Gladys Apreh, Addo Asabia Ruth

Educational Research and Reviews
The situation of French as a second foreign language in secondary education institutions in Turkey

March 2022

This study aims to quantitatively analyse the situation of French as a second foreign language in secondary education institutions in Turkey. Regarding presenting a comparative analysis, the study is limited to German as a second foreign language, currently included in the curriculum of secondary education institutions in Turkey, and are excluded fewer common languages such as Chinese, Spanish, Italian, etc. The...

Author(s): Nahide Arslan

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Assessment of antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of endophytic fungal metabolites from Azadirachta indica A. Juss

March 2022

This study reported the antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of extracts of endophytic fungi isolated from Azadirachta indica. The extracts were evaluated for potential in-vivo and in-vitro antiplasmodial activity using murine malaria models and microtechnique methods respectively. Immunomodulatory potentials of the extracts were assessed using cyclophosphamide-immunomyelosuppression in mice and...

Author(s): Nonye T. Ujam, Cyril C. Adonu, Thaddeus H. Gugu,Restus Onwusoba, Chibueze Ike, Raymond O. Offiah, Malachy C. Chigbo, Festus B. C. Okoye, Charles O. Esimone

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Geographical/environmental effects on lipid profiles and its association with glycemic control in Saudi Arabia

March 2022

Chronic disease is one of the most prevalent health issues that affects a person's quality of life and is a serious problem that may affect the peoples around the world. In Saudi Arabia, the disease pattern has shifted from communicable to chronic disease in recent times. This study investigates the effect of geographical/environmental factors on the lipid profiles and their associations with blood pressure (BP) and...

Author(s): Saif Aboud M Alqahtani, Zuhier A Awan, Saeed M Al Amoudi, and Mohammed Yahia Alasmary  

Scientific Research and Essays
Geoeffectiveness of the inner magnetosphere under the impact of fast solar wind currents: Case of solar cycles 20 to 23

January-March, 2022

Earth's magnetosphere is a magnetic shield that protects the Earth from the energetic emissions of the high-speed Solar Wind (HSSW). We perform a statistical analysis of the response of Earth's magnetosphere inner part under the impact of HSSW over 40 years of data encompassing solar cycles 20-23. With misidentified events or events interacting with interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) removed, only...

Author(s): Gnanou Inza, Zoundi Christian, Sawadogo W. Emmanuel and Ouattara Frédéric  

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical and consumer acceptability of different particle-sized cassava strips

March 2022

This study was carried out to study the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Abacha with different particle sizes. Dried cassava strips (Abacha) were produced in variable length, 2, 2.5 and 5 mm with the average length of 5 cm market size used as control. The proximate, physicochemical, functional and sensory properties were analyzed for various Abacha strips. The proximate composition of the Abacha chips...

Author(s): Chioma Illoh, Helen Obioma Agu, Chioke Amaefuna Okolo and Victoria Adaora Jideani

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Multiple solutions for rice farmers’ production constraints in Ethiopia: Cost efficient methods of sheath rot disease management

March, 2022

Rice sheath rot disease is one of the obstacles in Fogera plain of rain-fed rice production system. A cultivar called X-Jigna has been used by small scale farmers based on mono-cropping system for over two decades. This production system contributed to the disease occurrence and adversely impacted the production and productivity. So far, there were no any effective measures taken as research remedies in the rain-fed...

Author(s): Misganaw Anteneh Tegegne, Endayen Melaku Baye, Ayele Tesfahun Gashu, Adane Melak, Desalegn Yalew and Derese Teshome Mekonen  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Acute toxicity, analgesic, and smooth muscle relaxant effects of the aqueous root extract of Asparagus racemosus from Kenya

March, 2022

The plant Asparagus racemosus is used traditionally in Kenya for a variety of medicinal purposes including in the management of pain, asthma, and premature labour. However, a dearth of empirical studies means that there is limited information on the acute toxicity and pharmacological effects to support these uses by the local variety of the plant. The aim of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the acute toxicity,...

Author(s): Godfrey Mayoka, Peggoty Mutai, Faith Okalebo and Daniel Juma  

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
The sum of its parts: The importance of methodology on presented data

March, 2022

Author(s): Rohit S. Loomba  

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Seed germination, storability and moisture sorption isotherms of the endangered African rosewood (Pterocarpus erinaceus)

January-March 2022

African rosewood (Pterocarpus erinaceus) is an endemic, highly exploited and endangered tree species in arid and semi-arid zones of West Africa. Identifying optimum conditions for seed propagation and storage is critical for its conservation. This study assessed the effects of four pretreatments on seed germination and seedling vigour. Varying temperature, duration and packaging on storage deterioration were also...

Author(s):  Amponsah J.O., Asomaning J.M., Gakpetor P.M. and Gaveh E.A.  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Brucellosis infection dynamics in cattle and the impacts on production and reproduction in pastoral settings of Tanzania

January-March 2022

Brucellosis is endemic in pastoral settings of Tanzania with significant socio-economic implications. However, comprehensive studies to establish its impacts had not been elucidated. A longitudinal study was conducted in order to elucidate the dynamics and its impact on production and reproduction. Initially, 464 animals were enrolled with baseline seroprevalence in each herd. Animals were bled every three months to...

Author(s): Gabriel M. Shirima  

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Brown macroalgae: Promising sources of bioactive products against human herpesviruses

March, 2022

Marine brown macroalgae have stood out as important sources of new bioactive products, such as antimicrobial, anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory and antiviral drugs. This study aimed to review the literature on the applications of products derived from brown macroalgae as antiviral agents against human herpesviruses. To date, species of seven distinct orders of brown algae have been studied for this purpose, such as...

Author(s): Maria Leonisa Sanchez Nuñez, Vitor Won-Held Rabelo, Izabel Christina Nunes de Palmer Paixão and Valéria Laneuville Teixeira,  

Medical Practice and Reviews
Serum iron status of pregnant women in Central Hospital Sapele, South-South Nigeria

January-June 2022

Low iron status and Iron deficiency anemia are major prenatal complications predisposing pregnant women to preventable causes of premature delivery, intrauterine growth retardation and neonatal and prenatal death in Nigeria. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate and compare serum iron status in pregnant and non-pregnant women in Sapele, South-South Nigeria. A total of three hundred and sixty subjects were enrolled for...

Author(s): Kingsley Chukwuka Amaihunwa, Emmanuel Asuquo Etim and Anthony Chijioke Ezimah  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of proximal, mineral composition and content of vitamin A and C of leaves and flowers from Lippia multiflora vegetable in Benin

March 2022

Lippia multiflora is a plant whose leaves and flowers are used as a food in Benin, so it is important to determine the nutritional properties of leaves and flowers of L. multiflora. Biochemical analyses for the determination of macronutrients, mineral salts and vitamins A and C on leaves and flowers of this leaf vegetable were done. The result indicates that the contents in leaves and flowers are, respectively:...

Author(s): Hihoto Wilfrid Djengue, Arlette Adjatin, Rock Djehoue, Zaki Bonou-gbo, Codjo Tiburce Odjo, Zinsou Com Koukpo, Arsène Jacques Fassinou, Gérard Tiko, Hyacinthe Ahissou and Alexandre Dansi

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Diversity and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated to Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) in Benin

March 2022

Bambara groundnut, despite its attributes in providing protein to human, is facing soil fertility and degradation problems, always leading to little performances. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) constitute a microorganism group used by many researchers to improve productivity of crops in poor soils. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution and diversity of AMF associated to Bambara groundnut in different...

Author(s): Leslie-Dolorès Raïssa BOSSOU, Fatioulaye MAMA, Appolinaire ADANDONON, Mahougnon Charlotte Carmelle ZOUNDJI, Moriaque Tobi AKPLO and Pascal HOUNGNANDAN,

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional and sensory quality of a sorghum snack supplemented with sesame and baobab fruit powder

March 2022

Sorghum, sesame seeds and baobab fruit are commercially viable, underutilized crops in sub-Saharan Africa with potential for use in development of high-quality value-added products for food and nutritional security. This study evaluated effects of processing methods on the nutritional and sensory attributes of a ready to eat snack bar developed from sorghum supplemented with sesame and baobab fruit pulp powder. The...

Author(s): David Edgar Kimani, Catherine Nkirote Kunyanga and Eliud Kahiu Ngugi

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Supplying drinking water to rural households through trickle fill and decentralized cisterns

January-March, 2022

Many rural households do not have access to treated drinking water. However, some households may be in regions where a water treatment plant has excess capacity to supply some additional households. In such circumstances, small diameter low-pressure supply systems can be connected to major transmission lines to give these households access to water. These typically occur in locations that do not belong to recognized...

Author(s): Aaron Janzen, Gopal Achari, Samantha Irwin and Mohammed Dore  

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of chitosan coatings on quality and shelf-life of chicken and quail eggs

March 2022

In this study, chitosan-coatings were prepared with acetic, lactic, propionic, gallic and caffeic acids and used for coating chicken and quail eggs to understand their effect on the quality and shelf-life of chicken and quail eggs. Shelf-life study of (weight loss, Haugh unit, yolk index, albumen pH, mineral levels and shell breaking strength) the coating formulations were investigated for 4 weeks. All chitosan coated...

Author(s): Esin Derelioglu and Özlem Turgay

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Trace metal pollution in the environment: A comparison of the bio-indicator concept in three bivalves

January-June 2022

Three bivalves from the coast of Ghana: Crassostrea tulipa (n = 275), Anadara (Senilia) senilis (n = 310), from two ‘open’ lagoons (Benya and Ningo) and a ‘closed’ lagoon (Sakumo), and Perna perna (n = 155), from rocky shores adjacent to Benya and Sakumo, were analyzed for their total Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cd and Hg concentrations and total body burden/load. The analyses were based on three-size class...

Author(s): Fred A. Otchere  

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Assessment of recurrently diagnosed diseases dynamism at Korhogo General Hospital in Northern Côte d’Ivoire from 2014 to 2018.

January-June 2022

Because of, well established relationship between seasonal variability and diseases dynamism we embarked here in evaluating recurrently diagnosed diseases dynamism at Korhogo General Hospital in Northern Côte d’Ivoire from 2014 to 2018. For this purpose, clinical data with regard 1707 patients were collected and clusterized in 25 diseases cases. Data have been submitted to multivariate and computational...

Author(s): Dago Dougba Noel, Dagnogo Olefongo, Tehoua Lazare, Sekongo Wagniman, Koffi N’Guessan Bénédicte Sonia, Kouadio Kouassi Joel, Kimou Adjiman Florent, Eboulé Ago Eliane Rebecca, Guehi Zagocky Euloge and Yangni-Angaté Koffi Hervé  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Assessment of factors contributing to Californians’ perceptions of COVID-19 information dissemination

January-March 2022

Research suggests that inappropriate approaches to information dissemination can negatively affect containment of an outbreak, including Ebola, norovirus, SARS, influenza, and now Coronavirus. The objective of this study was to examine how COVID-19 information disseminated to the public was perceived by Californians during the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak. A cross sectional study of 207 California residents was...

Author(s): Ogbochi McKinney, Victoria Joubi, Dominick Sturz and Janet Bonome  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Contract farming and farmers’ well-being: The case of yam farmers in the Mion district of the Northern Region of Ghana

January-March 2022

This study assesses contract farming effect on the well-being of yam farmers in the Mion district of the Northern region of Ghana. Through descriptive survey design 400 smallholder farmers in the district were surveyed with interviews and focus group discussion used to collect data from the sampled farmers. Descriptive statistics, factors analysis and Propensity Scores Matching were used to analyze the data. The...

Author(s): Ibrahim A. Yakubu, Hudu Zakaria and Samuel S. K. Allotey  

Educational Research and Reviews
The level of social acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder integrated in regular schools from the point of view of parents and teachers in Jordan

March 2022

The present study aimed to determine the level of social acceptance of children with autism spectrum who are integrated into regular schools from the parents’ and teachers' perspectives in Jordan. The researcher built a scale of social acceptance of children with an autism spectrum disorder. It consists of (34) items distributed in three dimensions; it was applied to an exploratory sample from outside the...

Author(s): Feryal Abdel-Hadi Al-Shenikat

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Calculation of a class of Gaussian integrals: Derivation of payoff at expiry for European option

January-June 2022

This work deals with the calculation of a class of Gaussian integral of the form  where  Completing the squares of the exponential and changing variables led to the solution  where  denotes the cumulative standard normal distribution function. An equation which corresponds to pay-off at expiry for European option was derived. Key words: Gaussian integral, Euler-Poisson integral, multivariable...

Author(s): Joy Ijeoma Adindu-Dick  

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Midwives' experiences in the practice of maternal death audits in Burkina Faso: A qualitative study

January-March 2022

Maternal death audits (MDAs) are the key to reducing maternal mortality.  However, there are some barriers to the involvement of midwives in carrying out maternal death audits. This article aimed to explore midwives' perceptions and experiences of maternal death audits in Burkina Faso. This was a qualitative study conducted in December 2018. Data were collected from individual semi-structured interviews....

Author(s): Idrissa DIALLO, Nestor BATIONO, Dieudonné SOUBEIGA, Gustave NANA, Patrice Alain NGANGUE Ahmed KABORE⊃, Clovis Albéric TOE⊃, and Maxime DRABO  

African Journal of Plant Science
Physical and mechanical properties of Holarrhena floribunda and Nesogordonia papaverifera branch wood in Ghana

March 2022

The current study examines the physical and mechanical properties of branch wood from Holarrhena floribunda and Nesogordonia papaverifera, two of Ghana's least researched deciduous species. At an equilibrium moisture content of 12±2%, H. floribunda and N. papaverifera specimens had average density values of 467.53 and 720.80 kgm-3, respectively. The overall tangential and radial shrinkage was 3.8 and 3.2%,...

Author(s): Kwaku Antwi, Tobias Cremer and Kwasi Frimpong-Mensah,

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
The epidemiological characteristics of positive COVID-19 patients in Trinidad and Tobago

January-March 2022

This study sought to determine the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Trinidad and Tobago by the socio-demographic and clinical characterization and comparison of local and imported cases. There have been limited prior studies on COVID-19 in the Caribbean. As such, this paper attempts to discuss the patterns associated with COVID-19 patients in this Caribbean territory. A retrospective study of 113 patients with confirmed...

Author(s): Chavin D. Gopaul, Dale Ventour, Michelle Trotman and Davlin Thomas  

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The impact of institutional quality on living standards: Evidence from 20 sub-Sahara African (SSA) countries

January-March 2022

After it has been hypothesized and empirically validated that institutional quality (InQ) is an essential ingredient for development, examining whether InQ impacts living standards (LStds) is a worthwhile exercise. Using data from 2000 to 2019 on 20 SSA countries, this study modelled the impact of InQ on LStds in a VAR framework, upon satisfactory data suitability tests. The impulse response functions and forecast error...

Author(s): Iddrisu Suhaibu, Alhassan Andani and Solomon Abugre Anafo  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibody responses after Oxford AstraZeneca (Covishield) vaccine among healthcare workers in Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

March 2022

Oxford AstraZeneca (Covishield) vaccine is the 1st vaccine administered in Bangladesh to prevent the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The antibody response after 1st and 2nd doses of this vaccine was assessed in health care workers of Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. Blood sample was collected from healthcare workers (teachers, clinicians and medical staff) after 28 days...

Author(s): N. N. Tanni, M. Nesa, R. B. Kabir, F. B. Habib, R. Zaman, N. E. J. Tania, A. Haque, A. Chowdhury, N. Sharmin, K. Halder, M. Chowdhury, M. Rahman, S. B. Shahid, S. S. Nahar and S. M. Shamsuzzaman

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Smallholder farmers’ storage practices and awareness on aflatoxin contamination of cereals and oilseeds in Chamwino, Dodoma, Tanzania

January-June 2022

Agricultural produces in the tropics are vulnerable to mycotoxins contamination. Hot and humid conditions are favourable conditions for fungal growth and production of mycotoxins. Inadequate drying and storage practices aggravate the susceptibility of produce to mycotoxins contamination. The purpose of this study was to assess the storage practices and awareness of smallholder farmers on mycotoxin contamination of...

Author(s): Matrona E. Kimario, Anselm P. Moshi, Humphrey P. Ndossi, Purificator A. Kiwango, Gasper G. Shirima and Jamal B. Kussaga  

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Insights on the process of athletes’ development in Nigeria

January-June 2022

The process of talent development in sports requires an environment that encourages early identification of inherent sporting potentials in youngsters and provides the necessary support to grow such potentials into refined talents. Across cultures, athletic development is achieved through a synergy between athletes, their coaches, family, school, the community as well as other significant persons and social...

Author(s): Elumaro Adeboye Israel 

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Neonaticide: A philosophical review of the killing of neonate twins in Things Fall Apart

January-June 2022

Neonaticide in Things Fall Apart (TFA) had relative stands, mostly intentional yet mostly unwilful. In the shame of committing neonaticide, blame and responsibility is not easily placed between the earth goddess and the parents of the neonate twins. To uphold the common weal of the community, twins born in Umuofia and the other eight Igbo villages were to be destroyed according to the divine command. The interest of...

Author(s): Ferdinard Fosu-Blankson  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Chemical characterization of Kenyan Cupressus lusitanica Mill., Ocimum americanum L. and Lippia Javanica (Burm.f.) Spreng essential oils

February 2022

The study was designed to chemically characterize essential oils from Kenyan Cupressus lusitanica, Ocimum americanum and Lippia javanica and bio-prospect for new compounds as possible biocontrol agents of insect pests. Leaf essential oils of the three test plants were obtained by hydro-distillation. GC-MS analysis of leaf oils revealed that monoterpenes were the major group of chemical constituents in all plants. In C....

Author(s): Philip Kandgor Bett, Joshua Ondura Ogendo, Josphat Clement Matasyoh and Ann Jepkorir Kiplagat

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Whose stream is this anyway? Exploring layers of viewer-integration in online participatory videos

January-March 2022

Within this paper, we explore variants of user-integrating (live) videos as examples of collaborative practices in social media. We propose an empirically informed typology of layers of user-integration in terms of: (A) directness / ‘bodiliness’ of interaction, (B) Unfinishedness in the content at hand and (C) Productive tensions through streamer-audience-interactions. As an example of spontaneously emerging...

Author(s): Kevin Weller and Michael Holaschke

Journal of African Studies and Development
Farmer-pastoralist conflicts management approaches in Sub-Saharan Africa: Insights into their strengths and pitfalls

January-March 2022

This article provides a critical review of the different theoretical perspectives on the existing conflict management mechanisms. Focus has been paid on the dynamics surrounding these mechanisms in relation to the changing contexts and times. The primary aim is: First, to identify what is already known about the available conflict-management mechanisms for handling farmer-pastoralist conflicts including the current...

Author(s): Mabebe Erasmus Ntumva

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Land conflict dynamics in Africa: A critical review on farmer-pastoralist conflict perspectives

January-June 2022

This paper examines the theoretical bases underlying the causes of land conflicts. It involves a critical analysis of various contentions surrounding land nexus violent conflicts with particular attention to farmer-pastoralist conflicts. The drive for this examination is more on a comparison of causes between such conflicts in varying contexts of African. The major aim is to broaden the understanding about the nature of...

Author(s): Mabebe Erasmus Ntumva

African Journal of Food Science
Factors influencing compliance with inspection recommendations in food service establishments: A case study of Mansa Municipality, Zambia

February 2022

Inspection reports reflect daily operations of Food Service Establishments (FSE) with indications on levels of compliance with food safety standards and regulations, thus, making them central to the enforcement processes in food safety control systems. While compliance with food safety standards and regulations in FSEs is often viewed by the number of non-compliances or inspection violations cited during inspections,...

Author(s): Enock Chitakwa, Allan Mbewe and Ntazana N. Sinyangwe

African Journal of Food Science
Improving the nutritional value of conventional food with underutilized leafy vegetables - consumers’ acceptance of combining porridge with cowpea leaf powder

February 2022

Reaching the second UN Sustainable Development Goal requires improving the nutritional value of food products and dietary diversity. Simultaneously, recent research highlights the importance of processing highly nutritious but underutilized African leafy vegetables (ALV) for lowering post-harvest losses and bridging off-season gaps. Combining both goals, it seems promising to utilize neglected ALV for enhancing...

Author(s): Johanna Tepe and Dominic Lemken

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial, antiquorum sensing, antibiofilm activities and chemical profiling of selected South African medicinal plants against multi-drug resistant bacteria

February, 2022

South African indigenous plants have been predominantly studied for their antibacterial abilities, overlooking their antipathogenic and antivirulence (also known as antiquorum sensing) potential. Hence, this study explored the selected medicinal plants as possible agents capable of interfering with bacterial growth, quorum sensing and biofilm formation and identified their respective bioactive compounds. Ten medicinal...

Author(s): Itumeleng Tsebang Baloyi, Idowu Jesulayomi Adeosun, Abdullahi Ahmed Yusuf and Sekelwa Cosa  

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology
Acute toxicity profile of ethanolic extracts of Croton gratissimus Burch and Schrankia leptocarpa DC in rats: Medicinal plants used in the treatment of arterial hypertension in Beninese traditional medicine

January-June 2022

Croton gratissimus Burch. and Schrankia leptocarpa DC. are two plants from the Beninese flora which are traditionally used for the treatment of arterial hypertension. The present study investigated the acute toxicity of ethanolic extracts of these plants. The experiment was conducted according to OECD guideline 423 categories 5 using a single dose of 5000mg/kg of the extracts. The average lethal doses (LD50) of the...

Author(s): Koutchiko Angélus Hénok Sègla, Attakpa Sèlidji Eugène, Akotègnon Rodrigue, Guinnin Félix, Sènou Maximin, Amoussa Abdou Madjid, Lagnika Latifou, Sina Haziz, Yédomonhan Hounnankpon, Baba-Moussa Farid, Sezan Alphonse and Baba-Moussa Lamine  

Page 9 of 1245, showing 50 records out of 62229 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450