Articles

 

Page 9 of 1166, showing 50 records out of 58272 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

May 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Aframomum citratum, Aframomum daniellii, Piper capense and Monodora myristica

This study was initiated to evaluate the chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oils from four Cameroonian spices and to determine the therapeutic effect of a cream based on essential oil from Aframomum citratum. Essential oils were extracted from seeds by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The broth microdilution method was used...

Author(s): Sylvie Carolle Meffo Dongmo, Jean-De-Dieu Tamokou#, Guy Sedar Singor Njateng, Pierre Tane and Jules-Roger Kuiate  

May 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Cytotoxicity of selected Ethiopian medicinal plants used in traditional breast cancer treatment against breast-derived cell lines

Traditional medicine is widely practiced in Ethiopia. Here we investigate the toxicity of extracts of seven medicinal plants traditionally used to treat breast cancer in Ethiopia. These plants, Sideroxylon oxyacanthum, Zanthoxylum chalybeum, Clematis simensis, Clematis longicauda, Dovyalis abyssinica, Vernonia leopoldi, and Clerodendrum myricoides, were selected based on recommendations by traditional healers and on the...

Author(s): Nigatu Tuasha,, Daniel Seifu, Endalamaw Gadisa, Beyene Petros and Stina Oredsson  

May 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical survey and phytogeographical study of plants species from genus Acacia in Bénin

The genus Acacia, mainly distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions, has been used in traditional medicines for the treatment of microbial infections, malaria, diarrhea, oedema and inflammation. The present study aims to provide a comprehensive data on the distribution and medicinal use of Acacia species. Ethnobotanical survey and phytogeographical study were undertook using field interviews. Informant...

Author(s): Mounirou Tchatchedre, Abdou Madjid Amoussa, Marcel Houinato, Hounnankpon Yedomonhan and Latifou Lagnika  

May 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
An investigation into the effects of anxiety sensitivity in adolescents on childhood depression and anxiety disorder

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of anxiety sensitivity in adolescents on childhood depression and anxiety disorder. Mood disorders and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents can be given examples of important research topics in recent years. The participants of the study consist of 670 students in Erzurum city. The data were collected through anxiety sensitivity index and anxiety and...

Author(s): Ismail Seçer, Arzu Gülbahçe and Sümeyye Ulaş  

May 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
The effectiveness of an educational program in enhancing parents’ level of knowledge about normal growth indicators in the development of children and determining the indicators which delay development in children from birth to three years old

The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of an educational program in improving the level of knowledge of parents about natural growth indicators in the development of children and determining the indicators which delay development in children from birth to three years old. The sample of the study consisted of 60 volunteers who were randomly and equally assigned to control and experimental groups. The...

Author(s): Sabah Hasan Hamdan Al-Onizat  

May 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Modeling the relationships between practitioner capacity-building practices and the behavior and development of young children with disabilities and delays

The manner in which family-centered capacity-building practices and parenting efficacy beliefs were directly and indirectly related to parent-child interactions and child behavior and development was investigated using meta-analytic structural equation modeling. The participants were 6507 caregivers of young children with identified disabilities and developmental delays in 13 studies. Results showed that...

Author(s): Carl J. Dunst, Deborah W. Hamby and Melinda Raab  

May 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Impact of job searches on self-control at social media

This study aims to investigate how job search affects self-control of students using social network. This study was conducted on students studying in different departments and  within the departments of Physical Education and Sports (BESB). A total of 600 students in the 21 ± 25 age group  participated in the employment questionnaire. The statistics of the data were evaluated using Chi-square analysis...

Author(s): Aliye MENEVŞE  

May 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Management of potato leaf miner in Uganda

The yield of potato, an important food security and income crop in Uganda is substantially affected by pests. A survey was carried out in south western Uganda, a major potato growing area to assess the distribution and severity of potato pests in June and July 2015. In addition, leaf miner management options such as pesticide use, yellow sticky traps and mulching were evaluated for effectiveness. Trials in leaf miner...

Author(s): Mwesige Rose, Alex Barekye, Etiang Joseph, Kwikiriza Gerald, Uzatunga Innocent and Kyarisiima Sarah  

May 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of the extent of adoption of maize production technologies in Northern Ghana

In spite of substantial investments in developing and disseminating improved maize production technologies by successive governments and several development partners, technology adoption in Ghana remains low. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the extent of adoption of improved maize production technologies among farmers in northern Ghana. A Tobit regression model was used to analyse...

Author(s): Kwarteng Amaning Theophilus, Aidoo Robert and Sarfo-Mensah Paul  

May 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Market production and productivity: The effects of cash cropping on technical efficiency in staple crop production

To meet increasing food demand, most developing countries cannot rely on expanding the crop area, but will need to stimulate yield growth arising from increased factor productivity. This can be achieved through more efficient utilization of inputs to produce maximum output given existing technologies. Low productivity arising from technical inefficiency negatively impacts on household income and food security by...

Author(s): Proscovia R. Ntakyo, Marrit van den Berg and Johnny Mugisha  

May 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Allure of insect pest and diseases among three solanaceous crops viz. tomato, chilli and brinjal in Hamelmalo Agricultural College

The experiment was conducted in the Hamelmalo Agricultural College, Eritrea, from January 2017 to May 2017. This was done to study the attraction of major insect pest and diseases in three solanaceous crops (tomato, chilli and brinjal) grown singly and with mix cropping pattern. In Eritrea, solanaceous crops are important vegetables grown in different areas of the country.  Insect pest and diseases are the major...

Author(s): Tufail Ahmad, Syed Danish Yasin Naqvi, Lula Woldu, Tsega Brhane, Yacob Tsegay and  Yemane Haile  

May 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Chemical composition of Cyperus esculentus nut and Phoenix dactylifera fruit

This study investigated the chemical composition of Cyperus esculentus nut and Phoenix dactylifera fruit. The nuts and fruits were purchased as commonly sold in Wukari, Nigeria. They were cleaned, sorted for healthy parts, sun-dried and milled into fine powder. The AOAC, AAS and GC-MS methods were adopted for the proximate, mineral and phytochemical analysis, respectively. The results show that C. esculentus nut is...

Author(s): Chinedu Imo, Friday O. Uhegbu, Kayode A. Arowora, Chukwuma S. Ezeonu, Ifeoma J. Opara, Caleb J. Nwaogwugwu and Chigozie J. Anigbo

May 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antibacterial saponins from the leaves of Polyscias fulva (Araliaceae)

Saponins are a major family of secondary metabolites that occur in a wide range of plant species. Bioassay - guided fractionation of extract of the leaves of Polyscias fulva led to the isolation of three known saponins named, 3-O-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-hederagenin (1), 3-O-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-2)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl]-hederagenin (2) and...

Author(s): Winnie Cherotich Maritim, Isabel Nyokabi Wagara and Josphat Clement Matasyoh  

May 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Uterotonic effect of aqueous extract of Launaea taraxacifolia Willd on rat isolated uterine horns

Launaea taraxacifolia is used by the traditional health practitioners in Sokoto to ease labour pains and augment labour thereby facilitating child birth. This study examined the effect of the aqueous extract of the whole plant on isolated uterus from non-pregnant rats pre-treated with stilbestrol and from pregnant rats in late gestation. This was compared to the effects of uterine contraction agonists, namely; oxytocin,...

Author(s): Adebisi Mobolawa Iyabo and Alka Hauwa  

May 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Effect of Parkia biglobosa extract on open skin wound healing in dexamethasone- induced hyperglycaemia and histological assessment in rats

Glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus (GIDM) is an abnormal increase in blood glucose associated with the use of glucocorticoids in a patient with or without a prior history of diabetes mellitus. This is a common and potentially harmful problem in clinical practice, affecting almost all medical specialties, but is often diffi¬cult to detect in clinical settings.  The objective of this study was to determine...

Author(s): Modupe Iretiola Builders, Oyepata Simeon Joseph and Akpobome Raymond Vhriterhire  

May 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Neferine and isoliensinine from Nelumbo nucifera induced reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated apoptosis in colorectal cancer HCT-15 cells

Several scientific reports documented the potent anti-cancer effect of various natural products  such as curcumin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), resveretrol via the rise in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and dysfunction of anti-apoptotic gene expressions. The present study evaluated the anticancer potential of lotus derived alkaloids, neferine and isoliensinine on colorectal cancer HCT-15 (CRCs) cells....

Author(s): Prasath Manogaran, Narasimha Murthy Beeraka, Chih-Yang Huang, Viswanadha Vijaya Padma,  

May 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Occurrence of Cucumber mosaic virus subgroup IA and IB isolates in pepper in Nigeria

This study characterized Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) infecting pepper in Southwestern Nigeria with the aim of providing up-to-date information on the taxonomic subgroup(s) of the parading strains in the study area. Fifty pepper leaf samples with one or more symptoms of mottling, mosaic, necrosis, leaf distortion and stunting were collected from eight commercial farms across Southwestern Nigeria and screened for CMV...

Author(s): A. B. Kayode, B. O. Odu, K. E. Oke, O. O. Odedara and C. G. Elum

May 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of commercial rapid test kits to determine the effective diagnostic method for dengue in a low resource setting

Conventional commercially available rapid immuno-chromatographic tests (ICTs) or diagnostic kits were evaluated for their sensitivity, specificity, cost and turnaround time (TAT) results with Dengue IgM/IgG capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) as the standard test, in blood samples from a cross-section of individuals with clinical features suggestive of dengue fever attending health care facilities in the...

Author(s): Kadia Kallap and Patrick Eberechi Akpaka  

May 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Water use efficiency in the sugarcane cropping in different planting dates in Brazil

In global terms, irrigation is a human activity with greater demand for fresh water and strategies are needed to minimize this consumption. Therefore, the objective of this study was to establish the sugarcane planting date, which results in a greater water use efficiency, considering the summer planting of the Northeast region of Brazil. The sugarcane cultivar was RB92579, drip irrigated, and the stage of the plant was...

Author(s): Tatiane Barreto de Carvalho, Ronaldo Souza Resende, Raimundo Rodrigues Gomes Filho, Júlio Roberto Araújo de Amorim, Thais Nascimento Meneses and José V.T. Costa  

May 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cultivation of cactus pear forage propagated through the method of fractionation of cladode

Between the varieties of Cactus Pear Forage resistant to Cochineal Carmine, the Orelha de Elefante Mexicana (OEM), Baiana (BA) and Miúda (MI) were found. The adoption of these varieties and dissemination in the areas damaged by this plague are directly related to provision of seeds cladodes. The method of propagation through fractionation of cladode is an alternative in cases where this availability is deficient....

Author(s): Jucilene Silva Araújo, Washington Benevenuto de Lima, Antunes Romeu Lima do Nascimento, João Batista Taveira De Freitas, Geiziane De Fátima Da Silva, Daniel Duarte Pereira, Múcio Freire Vieira and Geovergue Rodrigues de Medeiros  

May 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cattle milk production, processing and marketing situations of smallholder farmers in Telo district, Keffa zone, Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Telo district of Keffa zone, SNNP Regional State with the aim of assessing milk production and milk use pattern. Cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from randomly sampled 156 households using survey questioner, farm visit and focus group discussion. Female headed farms were more frequent in urban. The average family size per household was 7 persons. 58.3% of HH were...

Author(s): Askale Gebrmichael  

May 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Physicochemical, spectroscopic and tableting properties of microcrystalline cellulose obtained from the African breadfruit seed hulls

This study evaluates the physicochemical, tableting and spectroscopic properties of microcrystalline cellulose obtained from the African breadfruit seed hulls. The seed hulls were dried, pulverized, sieved and digested with 2% w/v aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. The resultant pulp was further treated with 17.5% w/v NaOH solution and 2.5N hydrochloric acid to produce α-cellulose and microcrystalline cellulose...

Author(s): Nwajiobi C. C., Otaigbe J. O. E. and Oriji O.  

May 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Transferability of microsatellite loci from Croton floribundus Spreng. to Croton urucurana Baill. (Euphorbiaceae)

Croton urucurana, known as “sangra-d’água”, is a tree species with timber and beekeeping potential, and also with medicinal potential. The use of microsatellite markers, simple sequence repeats (SSRs) is efficient in population genetic studies, with high transferability rate between correlated species. The present study aimed to optimize the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocol and to test...

Author(s): Fernanda Gliceria Alencar Motta, Leandro Skowronski, Jannaína Velasques da Costa Pinto, Milene Silvestrini, Carina Elisei de Oliveira, Paula Martin de Moraes and Reginaldo Brito da Costa,

April 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
The possible protective effect of Zingiber officinale extract on cyclophosphamide-induced cardiotoxicity in adult male albino rats

Cyclophosphamide, a cytotoxic alkylating agent, is an extensively used antineoplastic agent. Cardio-toxicity is considered as one of the limiting side effects of its use, which is attributed to oxidative stress. Zingiber officinale is powerful antioxidants against free radicals and oxidative attacks. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible protective effects of Z. officinale against cyclophosphamide induced...

Author(s): Nashwa Mohamad M. Shalaby, Abeer Ramzy H. Mahmoud, Nagah El-Sayed M. Ali, Nahla E. Ibrahem and Noura Hussein Abdel H. Mekawy  

April 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Suboptimum reproductive performance among dairy herds in Uganda

Suboptimum reproductive performance affects the overall profitability of dairy herds. In order to manage this condition, there is need to clearly understand the different forms in which it presents, as well as its possible risk factors under the Ugandan context. This review study was conducted to highlight the different forms of suboptimum reproductive performances among Ugandan dairy herds through literatures from...

Author(s): Godfrey Bigirwa, James Okwee Acai, Paul Bogere, Seok Ki Im, Hyun Kim, Dae-Jin Kwon, Hak-Kyo Lee, and Ki-Duk Song,  

April 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Factors influencing success of artificial insemination of pigs using extended fresh semen in rural smallholder pig farms of Rwanda

The present study was conducted to analyse the factors influencing the success of artificial insemination (AI) in pigs using extended fresh semen in rural smallholder pig farms. One hundred female pigs from Rulindo and Gicumbi districts in Northern Region of Rwanda were artificially inseminated using locally collected and extended fresh semen. The pregnancy was confirmed by using both no returns to estrus and abdomen...

Author(s): Munyaneza Celestin, Nyiramuhire Valentine, Mubashankwaya Isaac, Munyandamutsa Fabrice, Ndisanze Oscar, Bagaragaza François and Mujyambere Jean Marie Vianey  

April 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Carcass and meat quality characteristics of two hair type breed lambs fed tef (Eragrostistef) straw ensiled with effective micro-organisms and supplemented with concentrates

The experiment was conducted with the objective of studying the carcass characteristics and meat quality of Arsi-Bale lambs (AB) and Afar lambs (Af) fed on tef straw (TS) ensiled with effective microorganisms and supplemented with concentrate. The experimental design was complete randomized block with two factors having 7 replications. Each lamb was fed on TS silage alone, or supplemented with either wheat bran Bokashi...

Author(s): Tibebu Manaye Zewide, Ashenafi Mengistu Wossen, Adugna Tolera Yadeta and Geert H. Geesink

April 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in shrunken-2 super-sweet corn (Zea mays L. saccharata) populations

Inbred line development requires information on the nature and magnitude of genetic variability and transmissibility of desired trait in source populations. In this study, the level of genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance of thirteen agronomic and fresh yield traits among twelve shrunken-2 super-sweet corn populations were evaluated. Field experiments were conducted for two years in Ibadan, Nigeria...

Author(s): Ayodeji Abe and Comfort Adeola Adelegan  

April 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Genetic evaluation of dairy cattle based on morning and afternoon milking test day records with fixed regression model

This study evaluated morning and afternoon test day records for genetic evaluation of dairy cattle.  The data were taken form 128,087 test day yield records for the first four lactations of Holstein cows from 2007 to 2017, from Nucleus Breeding Center of dairy cattle in Indonesia. The records consisted of morning and afternoon and total milk yields from 823 cows, resulting from 133 sires and 520 dams; records were...

Author(s): A. Anang, H. Indrijani, L. B. Salman, D. T. Tasripin and M. Makin

April 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Genotype and sex effects on the performance characteristics of pigs

Data from fifty-four pigs: twenty-five Duroc, twenty-one Large White and eight crosses of Duroc and Large White (Hybrid) were used to quantify and mathematically describe the performance traits of pigs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of genotype, sex and their interaction on the performance characteristics of three pig genotypes. The pigs were 30 kg of body weight and 70 days of age at the...

Author(s): O. B. Morenikeji, O. J. Ogunshola, O. A. Adu, S. O. Aro and C. A. Chineke  

April 2019

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Common ultramarathon trail running injuries and illnesses: A review (2007-2016)

Regardless of the significant growth of ultra-marathon trail-running races over the last 40 years, epidemiological research is lacking. Presently, no review paper exists that integrates the empirical surveillances of ultra-marathon trail runners’ injuries and illnesses. The purpose of this work is to integrate the empirical findings of injuries and illness among trail runners during the period 2007-2016. An...

Author(s): Istvan Albertus Oosthuizen, Yvonne Paul, Terry Jeremy Ellapen, Marco Barnard, Timothy Bongani Qumbu, Henriëtte Valery Hammill and Gert Lukas Strydom  

April 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Econometric analysis of consumer preferences and willingness-to-pay for organic tomatoes in Palestine: Choice experiment method

This study aimed to examine consumers’ willingness to pay a premium price for several environmental attributes of organic tomato to increase both producer production and consumer health in Palestine. The paper adopts the choice experiment method using the econometric analysis of the random utility model. The research questions of this study focus on awareness of the importance of ensuring / securing the...

Author(s): Ibrahim Awad, Hasan Abu Lateefeh, Arne Hallam, and Mahmoud El-Jafari  

April 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Bushfires spread modelling over Malea in Northeastern Guinea

Bush fires are increasingly becoming a threat to Guinean ecosystems and their understanding is a big challenge to scientists and environmental managers. Using the FARSITE model (Fire Area Simulator), this paper presents the prediction of the spread and characteristics of bush fires in the savannahs of North-eastern Guinea, specifically in Malea/Siguiri prefecture. Inputs, vegetation and topography dataset from satellite...

Author(s): Tamba Nicolas MILLIMONO, Daouda BADIANE, Moussa DIAKHATE, Alassane BAH, Saïdou Moustapha SALL, Ibra TOURE and Idrissa DIABY

April 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Comparativ e assessment of heavy metals in drinking water sources from Enyigba Community in Abakaliki Local Government Area, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

This study assessed the levels of heavy metals in drinking water sources in Enyigba community in Abakaliki Local Government Area, Nigeria. Four sites were visited for sampling: two surface water (streams) and two underground water (boreholes). Three water samples were collected from each source making it a total of twelve water samples. The levels of Arsenic (As), Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn) and Lead (Pb) were...

Author(s): Chinyere Aloke, Ifeanyi Ephraim Uzuegbu, Patience Nkemjika Ogbu, Emmanuel Ike Ugwuja, Onyebuchi Frederick Orinya and Ikechukwu Ogudu Obasi

April 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Microsatellites revealed genetic diversity and population structure in Colombian avocado (Persea americana Mill.) germplasm collection and its natural populations

Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) is one of the most consumed fruits around the world. The species is differentiated into three botanical races: Mexican, Guatemalan and West Indian. A genetic characterization of a Colombian avocado germplasm collection (N = 105) preserved since 2006 and 92 avocado “criollo” trees sampled in Antioquia was made with 12 microsatellites. Colombian avocado exhibits higher genetic...

Author(s): Gloria Patricia Cañas-Gutiérrez, Rafael Eduardo Arango-Isaza and Clara Inés Saldamando-Benjumea  

April 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Integrated evaluation of potato varieties in the highlands of Girar Jarso Woreda, North Shewa, Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, farmers are cultivating potato under a wide range of environmental conditions. Despite its genetic potential, the productivity of potato is relatively low. Among the long list of production constraints, the absence of high yielding and disease resistant varieties in different corners of the country are the prominent ones. Its suitable edaphic and climatic conditions make the highlands of Girar Jarso Woreda...

Author(s): Amha Besufkad, Bekele Gemechu, and Abate Mekuriaw,  

April 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Analysis of social media mainstreaming in E-extension by agricultural development programmes in North Central Zone, Nigeria

Social media is a new trend in communication and a new platform for sharing, engagement and networking in all spheres of life including agriculture. This study analysed social media mainstreaming in e-extension services delivery by the Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) in North Central Zone of Nigeria. Four ADPs of Kogi, Federal Capital Territory, Nasarawa and Niger states that participated in the Research...

Author(s): Ifejika P. I., Asadu A.N. , Enibe D. O., Ifejika L. I. and Sule A. M.  

April 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Effect of Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) Measures on Soil Nutrient and Moisture Status, a Case of Two Selected Watersheds

The study was conducted in Guba-Lafto Woreda of North Wollo to find out the effect of stone faced soil bund on soil macronutrients (N, P, and K), organic carbon content, soil pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), and soil moisture status. From two case study kebeles, two watersheds were purposively selected representing Dega (highland) and Woina dega (midland) agro ecological zones. Sixteen composite surface soil samples...

Author(s): Belay Asnake and Eyasu Elias  

April 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic diversity analyses of rice germplasm using morphological traits

The study of genetic diversity of any germplasm helps to facilitate its use and management. This experiment was carried out to determine the genetic diversity among 87 rice accessions from six countries. Seventeen quantitative traits were recorded based on the internationally accepted standard evaluation system for rice from IRRI. Analysis of variance, principal component analysis (PCA) and correlation amongst...

Author(s): Ibrahim Soe, Alex Tamu, Maxwell D. Asante Daniel Nyadanu and Richard Akromah  

April 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
A critical look at the Ghanaian one district one factory industrial policy in relation to climate change

This paper takes a critical look at Ghana’s one district one factory industrial policy in relation to climate change. This is important because climate variability and change as a result of industrialization can stand as hazard to impending advancement and expansion in Ghana. Industrial policy can contribute significantly to economic, ecological as well as communal sustainability. This paper aim to clarify the...

Author(s): John Frank Eshun

April 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Design, fabrication and evaluation of bio-digester for generating bio-gas and bio-fertiliser for Auchi polytechnic demonstration farm

A 4000 L bio-digester was designed and fabricated using 5 mm mild steel plate with the main purpose of generating biogas and bio-fertiliser for Auchi Polytechnic Demonstration Farm. To achieve this, a varying ratio of 1.155 m3: 2.310 m3 mixtures of cow dung and water were anaerobically digested in the batch digester. The experiment lasted for 33 days during which the quantity of gas generated were evaluated. The volume...

Author(s): Onuoha S. N., Unuigbe O. M., Suleiman I. A., Chukuwendu U. M. and Ogie-Aitsabokhai L.Y.  

April 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Efficiency of empirical methods for reference evapotranspiration estimation in the district of Vilankulo, Mozambique

Precise quantification of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) is crucial for calculating crop water demand. Eight empirical methods based on temperature and six on solar radiation were evaluated against Penman-Monteith FAO 56 method based on: Mean Bias Error (MBE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Willmott coefficient (“d”), determination coefficient (R2) and the Student’s t-test. The meteorological data...

Author(s): Bartolomeu Félix Tangune and Catine António Chimene  

April 2019

Journal of Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology Research
Immunopathological effects of some Biomphalaria pfeifferi proteins against Schistosoma mansoni infection in BALB/c mice

Intestinal schistosomiasis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in most parts of the world, despite decades of widespread chemotherapy use. The present study determined the intermediate host proteins expressing the immunogenic properties against the parasite by determining the efficacy. Digestive gland and foot parts were isolated by dissection from the Biomphalaria pfeifferi, processed and the concentration...

Author(s): Kennedy Muna Kuria, Mbaruk Abdalla Suleman and Dorcas Syokui Yole,  

April 2019

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Efficacy of intravenous tranexamic acid at reducing blood loss during elective caesarean section in Abakaliki: A double blind randomized placebo controlled trial

Increasing caesarean section rate is a source of concern to obstetricians due to the attendant increased health risk, its commonest complication is bleeding, which occasionally may be life threatening. Tranexamic acid has recently been investigated as a potentially useful adjunct for the prevention of maternal morbidity. The research aim to evaluate the efficacy of tranexamic acid at reducing blood loss during elective...

Author(s): Obi V. O., Umeora O. U. J., Dimejesi I. B. O., Asiegbu O., Mgbafulu C. C., Ifemelumma C. C. and Obi C. N.  

April 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Household Willingness to Pay for Improved Solid Waste Management in Shashemene Town, Ethiopia

  This study tried to investigate urban community’s willingness to pay for improved solid waste management. Double Bounded Dichotomous Choice technique was used to examine household’s willingness to pay for improved solid waste management. The collected data further analyzed Bivariate probit and logistic regression models to investigate the mean and factors determining willingness to pay for solid...

Author(s): Bamlaku Ayenew, Abera Tilahun, Solomon Erifo and Paulos Tesfaye

April 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil degradation extent and dynamics of soil fertility improvement technologies In Majete Watershed, North Ethiopia

Soil degradation is among the serious environmental hazards of this generation. It is threatening agricultural production and leads to food insecurity. The objective of this study is to assess current soil degradation status and soil fertility enhancement technologies practiced by the land owners. Data were obtained through questionnaires administered to 156 respondents selected randomly from all watershed...

Author(s): Kassaye Gurebiyaw Legese and Abay Gelanew  

April 2019

African Journal of History and Culture
Facing social-politcal challenges: A historical examination on the survival methods of the Nubi ethnic minority in Uganda

Since the pacification of Uganda by the British Imperial Government in 1894, up to the time Nubians were recognized as an ethnic community in 1995, they continue to retain their indigenous ethnic identity, through professing Islam, speaking their traditional language (Ki-Nubi) and practicing their own traditional values, for example traditional dressings and foods. Nubians quest for survival as an ethnic group has been...

Author(s): Mahajubu A., Khanakwa P. and Musisi F.  

April 2019

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Problems of interpretation of serum electrophoresis related to the manual phase during its realization with a semi-automatic automaton

Manual steps including preparation of samples and gel, and launching of automatic sequences can cause many difficulties in the interpretation of electrophoresis. Three observations of electrophoretic profiles on Hydragel 15β1-β2 agarose gel media led us to look for interference in the manual step of the technique used. After reconsidering all the steps of the manipulation and carefully observing the profiles...

Author(s): Raoul Karfo,, Elie Kabré, Nadia Safir, Mounya Bouabdellah, Laila Benchekroun, Jean Sakandé, and Layachi Chabraoui,

April 2019

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Finding the safest planet for carbon structures in terms of thermal life

With achieving higher technologies, and as the population of our planet grows and sources of Earth consume every day, scientists are trying to find an alternative planet to build a second home for mankind. During the last decades, Mars seemed to be the first planet as a candidate for second home of human. Nevertheless, a few years ago a new planet has been discovered to be suitable for human life. Titan, Saturn’s...

Author(s): A. Anvari

April 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Agro-physiological responses of okra genotypes cultivated under water deficit conditions

  Water is a scarce resource, and Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is grown in wet and dry seasons. For its dry season cultivation, alternative water sources are used for watering, but these sources are not sustainable in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to determine water deficit effect on okra’s behavior. Five genotypes of okra were subjected to three water regimes: (i) T1, watering at 100% of soil...

Author(s): Rasmata Nana, Mahamadi Hamed Ouédraogo, Nerbéwendé Sawadogo, Didier Compaoré, Razacswendé Fanta Ouédraogo, Badoua Badiel and Mahamadou Sawadogo

Page 9 of 1166, showing 50 records out of 58272 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450