Articles

 

Page 9 of 1211, showing 50 records out of 60524 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Cluster of neonatal tetanus: Case series from one traditional birth attendant's home in Uyo, South-South Nigeria

October-December 2020

Neonatal tetanus, a completely preventable disease, still contributes to morbidity and mortality in Akwa Ibom State, despite the fact that there should have been a global eradication many years back. It therefore still constitutes a public health problem. The aim of this work is to highlight the importance of continuous educational actions for pregnant women, mother and midwives with a view to preventing neonatal...

Author(s): Eno Etim Nyong, Jacob Jackson Udoh, Ibanga Jonah Inyang, Iso Precious Oloyede and Patience Aniekan Udoh  

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
High ambient temperature and water rationing impacts on antiretroviral adherence in Greater Gaborone, Botswana in 2016

July-December 2020

Countries with the highest HIV prevalence, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho and South Africa are also experiencing an increase in climate variability, rising temperatures and drought. This study investigates perceived challenges of high temperatures and water scarcity/rationing on monthly clinic attendance and ARV adherence for people living with HIV in Greater Gaborone, Botswana. A systematic random sample of adult women...

Author(s): Matlhogonolo Kelepile and Sue C. Grady

International Journal of Livestock Production
Native chicken farming: A tool for wealth creation and food security in Benin

October-December 2020

Poultry is the second largest livestock in Benin (contributing to 22% of the total meat produced), and chickens are the most reared poultry in the country. The objective of this study was to assess the current trends of local chicken breeding and factors that influence their production performance, and thereby to deliver information for production improvement and sustainable use of indigenous chicken breeds. An...

Author(s): Camus Adoligbe, Arthur Fernandes, Richard Osei-Amponsah, Nourou Dine Adje, Robert Gbedevi, Marie-Christelle Fonton, Guilherme J. M. Rosa and Farougou Souaibou Souaibou  

African Journal of Microbiology Research
The antibacterial activity of Laurus nobilis leaf extract and its potential use as a preservative for fresh lamb meat

November 2020

Lamb meats are nutritious, easily metabolisable, and offer suitable substrates for the growth and metabolism of microorganisms. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the antagonist effect of Laurus nobilis leaf extract against growth of bacteria present in fresh lamb meat. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis was used to identify bacteria present in lamb meat samples. Eighteen bacterial species were...

Author(s): Mahmoud Sapti Hamdan and Wafa Mahmoud Masoud

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of fish consumption in the state of Qatar: Post blockade

November, 2020

This study used a count data model to analyse the factors that affect fish consumption in Qatar after the blockade; aiming for effective evaluation, formulation and implementation, of policies for the fishery sector. To achieve this, the community of Qatar is divided into three groups based on their fish consumption rate: high, moderate, and low consumer. The determinants of fish consumption were confirmed using the...

Author(s): Sana Abusin, Noor Al-Emadi and Engi Elmaghraby  

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Dynamics of microbial communities in co-digestion of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) with ruminal slaughterhouse waste under mesophilic conditions

October-December, 2020

Co-digestion of water hyacinth (WH) (E. crassipes) with ruminal slaughterhouse waste (RSW) has the potential for improving biogas production by complementing process parameters. This study evaluated microbial communities in co-digestion of WH with RSW at 32ËšC by isolation, phenotype analysis, DNA extraction and PCR amplification of the 16S rRNA genes. Digestion of WH and RSW separately exhibited lag times of 5 to 20...

Author(s): Omondi E. A., P. K. Ndiba, P. Gikuma-Njuru and D. Abuga  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of on-farm water management practices and irrigation water source on soil quality in Central Ethiopia

November, 2020

Soil salinity is the major factor that limits agricultural productivity in arid and semi-arid regions. The use of improved farm management practices in such areas is becoming a highly concerning issue to sustain agricultural productivity. This study, therefore, was conducted to evaluate the effect of on-farm water management practices and irrigation water sources on soil quality. The experiment was conducted on 16...

Author(s): Demelash Wendemeneh, Mekonen Ayana, Partap Singh and Amare Haileslassie    

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of plant extracts for the management of Cercospora leaf spot of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

November 2020

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is a leguminous crop with high economic and nutritional value. However, increased production is hampered by Cercospora leaf spot (CLS) caused by Cercospora arachidicola and Cercosporidium personatum. Studies were conducted in vitro and in vivo to evaluate the efficacy of aqueous extracts of desert date seed (DDSE), neem seed (NSE), jatropha seed (JSE) and tobacco leaf (TLE) for the...

Author(s): Moses Neindow, Elias Nortaa Kunedeb Sowley and Frederick Kankam

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Assessment of the hand hygiene status of internally displaced persons in Jos and environs, Nigeria

November 2020

Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are often predisposed to infectious diseases because of the temporary nature of their abode which usually does not have adequate water and hygiene facilities. A hundred (100) samples of hand-washed water taken under aseptic conditions from the hands of the IDPs prior to the emergence of COVID-19 were analyzed using standard bacteriological procedures to determine the total plate and...

Author(s): John O. Egbere, Collins E. Odu, Anayochukwu C. Ngene, Margaret M. A. Danladi, Chinedu G. Ohaegbu and Philomena D. Ayika

African Journal of Plant Science
Study of root traits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under drought stress

November 2020

Roots are among the first defence towards drought with other morpho-physiological and biochemical mechanisms employed by plants. To understand precisely the root traits contribution towards yield, parental chickpea genotypes with well known drought response were field evaluated under drought and optimal irrigation in rain-out shelter. A total of ten genotypes planted in 1.2 m PVC lysimeters were subjected to three water...

Author(s): Muriuki R., Paul K. Kimurto, Towett B. K., Vadez V. and Gangarao R.

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
The evaluation of Cleopatra I score for predicting preterm birth in subjects with threatened preterm labour

November 2020

This work aims to evaluate the Cleopatra I model for the prediction of spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) in subjects having threatened preterm labour. This is a hospital-based prospective observational study done over a period of one year. A total of one hundred and eleven (111) subjects enrolled in the study. Their demographic factors and previous obstetric history were recorded. A cervical length with a cut-off of 25 mm...

Author(s): Varsha Maran, Nandita Maitra, Tosha Sheth, Palak Vaishnav and Niyati Takhatsinh Parmar  

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Assessment of renal function tests, serum total protein, and lipid profile concentrations among pregnancy-induced hypertension attending women in Asrade Zewudie Memorable Hospital (ASZMPH), Gojjam, Ethiopia: Case-control study

July-December 2020

Pregnancy-induced hypertension has remained a significant cause of prenatal morbidity and mortality of mothers. So this study aims to assess renal function test, serum total protein, and lipid profile concentrations among pregnancy-induced hypertension women in Asrade Zewudie Memorable hospital (ASZMPH), Gojjam, Ethiopia. A case-control study was done on 200 pregnant women: 100 with pregnancy-induced hypertension (case...

Author(s): Haymanot Tewabe, Abebe Edoa and Mistire Wolde  

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Prevalence, correlates and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders among Nigerian physiotherapy and architecture undergraduates

November 2020

Physiotherapy students are vulnerable to sustaining Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) due to manual handling activities. Also, Architecture students who frequently adopt awkward postures while using the drawing board may equally be exposed to some risks of MSD. The degree of MSDs and their precipitating factors among these cohorts have not been empirically compared. This study therefore assessed and compared the...

Author(s): Ekechukwu E.N.D.,, Aguwa E. N., Okeke T. A., Iroezindu I. C., Onyia S.U., Abaraogu D. O., Ekwo A. C., Ohiagu C., Ekechukwu  N. I., Mgbeojedo U. G., Ekediegwu E. C., Uduonu E. M., Ezema C. I. and Utti V. A.  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Economic efficiency of rubber production and affecting factors: Case of smallholder rubber production in Quang Binh Province, Vietnam

November, 2020

Rubber is a perennial crop, so to evaluate economic efficiency of smallholder rubber production, the author uses long-term analysis method with values such as actual present value (NPV), Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), Internal rate of Return (IRR) and annual value. The factors affecting the productivity of smallholder rubber are assessed through the Cobb-Douglas functional production function analysis method with input...

Author(s): Tu Luc Tran  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Technical efficiency of pineapple production in Republic of Benin

November, 2020

Assessing the technical efficiency of pineapple producers is essential to avoid waste of resources and above all to target advices for improving the productivity of the pineapple producers. For this, a survey was carried out among 365 randomly selected producers from five major pineapple-producing Communes. Using the meta-border stochastic production model, technical efficiency scores of pineapple producers are...

Author(s): Félix C. BIAOU  

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of Loa loa and Mansonella perstans detection in urban areas of Southeast Gabon

July-December 2020

Loa loa and Mansonella perstans are two filarial species commonly found in Gabon loiasis has gained attention because of severe adverse events occurring in individuals harboring very high L. loa microfilarial loads after treatment with ivermectin. However, most studies were carried out in rural areas. This work aimed at the study of the prevalence of filarial infections in different urban areas of southeast Gabon. The...

Author(s): Eyang-Assengone Elsa Rush, Roland Dieki, Mvoula Odile Ngounga, Antoine Roger Mbou Moutsimbi, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki and Jean Paul Akue  

African Journal of Food Science
Physical properties of selected groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) varieties and its implication to mechanical handling and processing

November 2020

The physical properties of agricultural materials are functional in solving many glitches associated with machine design during handling and mechanical processing. Physical properties of five groundnut varieties (“Obolo”, “Yenyawoso”, “CRI Nkatie”, “Agbeyeyie” and “Pion”) and their relations to the design of food processing equipment were studied. Obolo variety...

Author(s): Hayford Ofori, Francis Amoah, Isaac Kojo Arah, Mohammed-Kamil Abukari Piegu, Isaac Albert Aidoo and Eric Donald Nii Akpen Commey,

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Nosocomial pulmonary infections at Peltier Hospital, Djibouti

November 2020

Nosocomial pulmonary infections are a major public health problem. The retrospective study was carried out on medical records of 140 patients aged 59.4±32.2, 0.29 (mean ± sd, SEM) years, admitted at Peltier hospital, Djibouti, between May 5, 2018 and April 30, 2020, and who developed nosocomial pulmonary infections after 48 h of admission. The objective was to establish incidence of nosocomial pulmonary...

Author(s): Fatouma M. Abdoul-latif, Duniesky M. Tejidor Bello, Houda M. Abdoul-latif, Josephat Wambua, Talal M. Abdoul-latif and Nabil M. Ahmed

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Drivers and restrictions of range pasture improvement by agro-pastoralists in Kiruhura District, Uganda

November, 2020

Range pastures provide the basic ruminant feeds resource for livestock production in semi-arid areas despite ruminant nutrition remaining a challenge affecting productivity. Different livestock development interventions have been promoted to improve livestock nutrition with low farmer adoption rate. A cross sectional exploratory study was conducted between March and July 2018 to identify the drivers of range pastures...

Author(s): Twinamatsiko Robert, Nalule Agnes Sarah and Okello Samuel  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Carbon sequestration potential of disturbed and non-disturbed forest ecosystem: A tool for mitigating climate change

November 2020

Climate change is the severest environmental threat of the 21st century. The main factor responsible for the current pace of climate change is attributed to anthropogenic emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs), mainly carbon-dioxide (CO2). So, the aim of reducing carbon sources and increasing the carbon sink can be achieved by protecting the carbon pools. Forests are the largest carbon pool on earth as they hold more than...

Author(s): Rajeev Joshi, and Hukum Singh

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Which approach to modeling? Predicting infectious disease dynamics in epidemics

October-December 2020

Disease outbreaks can be devastating to many nations. Interventions of all kinds are run alongside treatments or preventive measures. The effectiveness of the measures taken depends on the number of individuals who are susceptible, exposed, infectious or recovered. These in turn are a function of the nature of the disease: The mode of transmission, the risk of infection reproduction number and incubation period among...

Author(s): Reuben Cheruiyot Lang’at  

International Journal of Livestock Production
Laboratory evaluation, purpose of production and utilization of cattle manure in enset (Ensete ventricosum) based mixed production systems of Gurage Zone, Southern Ethiopia

October-December 2020

The study was conducted in four districts of Gurage zone in Sothern Ethiopia to determine the N, P, K, organic carbon and nitrogen of cattle manure. Seventy two households, 36 from highland and 36 from midaltitude were randomly selected from a total of 360 sample households selected for the study. Around 88.05% of farmers in the study areas were keeping cattle for high demand of manure to fertilize enset fields and for...

Author(s): Dirsha Demam Wonchesa  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth, nodulation and yield response of green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to plant population and blended NPS fertilizer rates at Alage, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

November, 2020

Recently Green bean production and demand is increasing in Ethiopia due to its fast maturity and nutritional value. However, various constraints are reported for its low productivity, including inappropriate uses of plant population and fertilizer rates. The objective of this study was to determine the optimum plant population and NPS rate for quality and economically feasible yield of Green bean. The experiment was...

Author(s): Adugna Sori Shanko, Andargachew Gedebo and Ashenafi Haile Gebeye  

African Journal of Marketing Management
Linking market access to improved nutrition among smallholder maize farmers in Masindi and Kiryandongo Districts, Uganda

July-December 2020

Markets are stimuli for improved farm production and quality produce. Therefore, integrating rural households into market systems is essential for improved standard of living. Increased market access and commercialization makes households dependent on markets for services including food for consumption. This reduces dependency on own food consumption which in most cases offers limited variety foods as compared to market...

Author(s): Ssajakambwe Fred, Mulebeke Robert, Elepu Gabriel and Walekhwa Peter N.  

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Status and perception of intestinal parasitosis among students of a health professional institution in N’Djamena, Chad

November 2020

Intestinal parasitic diseases remain an epidemiology a real problem in Chad, but little research has been done in this area. The purpose of the study is to determine the status of intestinal parasites infection among students in a health professional training institution and to assess their level of perception of this health problem. This prospective and descriptive study took place between June and July 2018. A total...

Author(s): Hamit M. A., , Fombotioh N., , Nack J., Noumga H. ; Issa R. A., , Kemba S., , Brahim B. O., Zenaba M. K. and. Bilong Bilong C. F.  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Wrong time medication administration errors: Frequency and their causes at Adult University Teaching Hospitals in Zambia

November, 2020

Wrong-time medication administration errors (WTMAEs) can have serious consequences for medication safety. The study was a cross-sectional study that employed a prospective observation technique and was conducted from 4th June to 20th July 2018 at Adult University Teaching Hospital (AUTH) in the Internal Medicine and Surgery departments. A total of 1749 doses were observed being administered to 325 inpatients and the...

Author(s): Martin Kampamba, Tilolele Mwanza, Kennedy Saini, Hanzooma Hatwiko, Luke Biete and Christabel Nangandu Hikaambo  

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
The path to our destiny: The transitioning of physiotherapy in Nigeria from occupation to a true profession

November 2020

The themes of the 55th annual conference of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy are “Advancing Physiotherapy in Nigeria: The Next Step”, “Physiotherapy in Preventive Healthcare: Challenges and the Way Forward.” I have been asked to tailor my keynote speech to address both themes of the conference. The Biblical metaphor of the Promise Land was utilized as the centerpiece of this presentation. I...

Author(s): Joseph A. Balogun  

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Effect of fermentation on sorghum and cowpea flour blends

July-December 2020

This study was designed to investigate the suitable proportions of cowpea that can be used to improve the nutrient content of sorghum and also to ascertain the effect of fermentation on the sample blends. The raw and fermented sample blends were analyzed for microbial load, proximate composition, mineral and anti-nutrient contents. The microorganisms isolated were Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, B. polymyxa, B....

Author(s): A. O. Ojokoh, R. A. Alade, P. T. Ozabor and I. F. Fadahunsi  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Development of starter cultures carrier for the production of high quality soumbala, a food condiment based on Parkia biglobosa seeds

November 2020

In this study, three Bacillus subtilis (B7, B9 and B3) and one Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (I8) strains previously selected as potential starter cultures were cultivated on boiled dehulled African locust bean seeds to produce ready to use ferments. These ferments were then used to produce soumbala. The microbial load changes during ferments production were evaluated. Biochemical and microbiological characteristics of the...

Author(s): Clarisse S. Compaoré, Fidèle W. Tapsoba, Charles Parkouda, Djénéba Tamboura, Esther M.A. Traoré, Bréhima Diawara, Aly Savadogo, Lene Jespersen and Hagrétou Sawadogo-Lingani  

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Association and interrelationship of yield and agronomic characters in coffee (Coffea sp L)

October-December 2020

Coffee is an important commodity in the international market. However, little attention is given to it and its breeding research in Nigeria. This has resulted to low production and foreign earning. The information on relationship between yield and yield- related characters is an excellent and significant tool for breeding. The experiment was conducted on Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria coffee germplasms. The...

Author(s): Abigail Funlayo Adepoju, Omotayo Olalekan Adenuga, Keji Emmanuel Dada, Chinyere Florence Odey, Samsudeen Tomiwa Balogun and Mohammed BabaNitsa  

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
A focus on the Riemann's hypothesis

July-December 2020

Riemann's hypothesis, formulated in 1859, concerns the location of the zeros of Riemann's Zeta function. The history of the Riemann hypothesis is well known. In 1859, the German mathematician B. Riemann presented a paper to the Berlin  Academy of Mathematic. In that paper, he proposed that this function, called Riemann-zeta function takes values  0 on the complex plane when s=0.5+it. This hypothesis...

Author(s): Jean-Max CORANSON-BEAUDU  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Notice of Retraction: Preparation and characterization of crosslinked and non-crosslinked polycaprolactone fumarate (PCLF) NPs as carriers for doxorubicin HCl

November, 2020

The editors of the African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (AJPP) are retracting the article, “Preparation and characterization of crosslinked and non-crosslinked polycaprolactone fumarate (PCLF) NPs as carriers for doxorubicin HCl” published in 2011 (Vol. 5(7), pp. 797-805, July 2011). This is based on evidences of text overlap (in figures and tables) between the article and those published in two...

Author(s): Narges Shokri, Hamid Akbari Javar, Shamileh Fouladdel, Ali Khalaj, Rasoul Dinarvand, and Ebrahim Azizi

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in HIV-negative patients in Lagos, Nigeria

July-December 2020

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a big challenge to the tuberculosis control programmes worldwide. The aim of this work is to determine the rate of MDR-TB in HIV-negative patients with signs and symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis in Lagos State. 891 adult HIV-negative patients enrolled for the study and tested for acid-fast bacilli by culture; resistance to first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs was performed...

Author(s): Kunle-Ope Chioma N, Adeleye Isaac A, Iwalokun Bamidele O, Igbasi Uche T., Onyejepu Nneka, Ndubuisi Ifeanyi T, Tochukwu Nwanneka E, Adedeji Abimbola M, Onwujekwe Daniel I, Ezechi Oliver C, Odunukwe Nkiruka N, Iyke-Azike Obioma G and Onubogu Catherine C

International Journal of English and Literature
Exploring EFL teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge, beliefs and practices on writing skills: The case of Wollo University

October-December 2020

The main objective of this study is to explore EFL teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge, believes and practices in writing skills. The qualitative approach was employed. The participants of the study were three English language teachers who were teaching basic writing skills. Two data collecting instruments were used to carry out this study. Namely, classroom observation and semi- structured interview....

Author(s): Birhan Adimasie Yelay

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of the root extract of Aspilia mossambicensis (Oliv) Wild (Asteraceae)

November, 2020

Aspiliamossambicensis(Oliv) Wild is used by Traditional Health Practitioners in northeastern Tanzania, for treatment of cancers. In order to evaluate these claims root powder of the plant was extracted with dichloromethane: methanol (1:1), followed by vacuum liquid chromatography fractionation to obtain dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol fractions which were screened for brine shrimp toxicity and antioxidant...

Author(s): Daniel Zacharia Matata, Olipa David Ngassapa, Mainen Julius Moshi, Francis Machumi, Kenneth Oosthuizen, Bresler Swanepoel, Luanne Venables, Trevor Koekemoer, Matthias Heydenreich, Paul Erasto Kazyoba and Maryna van de Venter

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Reach and effect of a virtual campaign for promoting physical activity during the covid19-era

November 2020

Measures put in place to curb the spread of the coronavirus have inadvertently fostered a reduction in physical activity. This study reports a virtual campaign designed to promote the health and physical activity level of individuals and increase awareness on practices to curb the spread of Coronavirus. The campaign enlisted a total of 141 volunteers recruited via a public call for volunteers to share promotional...

Author(s): Similoluwa ODETOLA, Omoniyi OJO, Omobola AKINOLA, Chinwendu NWADIBIA, Martins OLOYEDE, Oluwagbemiga OKUNADE and Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU,  

African Journal of Biotechnology
An investigation of meristem culture in Anchote [Coccinia abyssinica (Lam.) Cong.] under the influence of plant growth regulators and media strength

November 2020

Considering the potential benefit of meristem culture in the mass production of quality propagation materials, an experiment was conducted to investigate meristem culture in KUWE (G1) and 223098 (G2) genotypes of anchote. Concentration levels of 6-benzylamimopurine (BAP) with and without gibberellic acid (GA3) and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) for shoot induction while BAP and kinetin (Kn) for shoot multiplication were...

Author(s): Solomon Abate Sisay, Firew Mekbib and Endale Gebre

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of ten botanical insecticides against the sweet potato Weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius, 1798) (Coleoptera: Brentidae)

November, 2020

The sweet potato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Brentidae), is a destructive insect pest that damages sweet potatoes both in the field and during storage. To identify new environmentally friendly insecticides to control this insect pest, three assays (olfactory test, anti-feeding assay, and toxicity assay) were conducted to evaluate the efficacy and mode of action of 10 botanical insecticides against...

Author(s): Liyun REN, Ganghui ZHENG, Bimei CHEN, Longfei He, Yongmei LIAO and Baoshan CHEN,  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Mapping and characterization of Ijede community - A semi-urban population in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos, Nigeria

October-December 2020

Demographic and health surveys provide household level data on population dynamics and health-related issues. Findings from a well characterized community can be used by relevant stakeholders to plan appropriate and acceptable health interventions for the benefit of the citizens. This project aimed to characterize Ijede community in Ikorodu LGA of Lagos State, Nigeria in preparation for a more appropriate Demographic...

Author(s): Agatha N. David, Oluwatosin O. Odubela, Abideen O. Salako, Adeola Y. Olukosi, Oluwagbemiga Aina, Ajibaiye Olushola, Adesola Z. Musa, Baruwa Basit, Samson Awolola, Babatunde L. Salako,  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effects of inoculation with some native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) growth

November 2020

In Burkina Faso, tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) sector plays a very important socio-economic role. However, its production is confronted by many constraints, among which is the soil poverty in mineral elements such as nitrogen and available phosphorus resulting in an increase in the area of land that is sown for this crop and an increase in the use of chemical inputs. In addition, chemical inputs have shown their...

Author(s): Hadou Haro, Kadidiata Bahadio and Kadidia B. Sanon  

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Multi-locations evaluation of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) genotypes for grain yield and yield related traits at western Oromia, Ethiopia

July-December 2020

A field experiment was conducted on twelve sorghum genotypes against one local and two standard checks at Haro Sabu Agricultural Research Center (HSARC) sub sites for three consecutive years (2016-2018) using randomized completely block design (RCBD) to evaluate and select high yielding sorghum genotypes and to assess the impact of genotype by environmental interaction on grain yield and yield components across diverse...

Author(s): Biru Alemu, Geleta Negash, Wekgari Raga and Dereje Abera

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Local perceptions and adaptation to climate variability and change: In the Bilate watershed

November 2020

In this study, farmers’ perceptions and adaptation options to climate variability and change were assessed in the Bilate watershed of south central Ethiopia. The determinant factors that influence the choice of farmers to climate change and variability adaptation were also investigated. Above 92% of the surveyed farm households perceived variability and change in climatic variables. Based on the data from 270...

Author(s): Getahun Garedew Wodaje, Zewdu Eshetu and Mekuria Argaw  

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence, risk factors and species’ diversity of ixodid ticks that parasitize dromedary camel in Yabello District of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia

July-December 2020

A cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the prevalence and species’ diversity of ixodid ticks that parasitize dromedary camel since October 2016 to March 2017. A total of 384 dromedary camels from five peasant association in Yabello District were examined. A total of 4417 ticks were collected from 374 camels. The average burden of the tick was 11.8 per camel while a male to female ratio was 1.9 to...

Author(s): Makida Elias, Yacob Hailu and Kula Jilo  

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Preparing for the COVID-19 pandemic response in a country emerging from an Ebola Epidemic: Assessment of health workers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices on coronavirus (COVID-19) in Guinea

October-December 2020

On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization designated the outbreak as a Public Health Emergency of International Scope (USPPI). The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical personnel on the prevention of Covid-2019. A cross-sectional study among front-line health workers in the health facilities in the city of Conakry was carried out. The knowledge and attitude score...

Author(s): Ibrahima Camara, Abdoulaye Touré,, Alioune Camara, Frederic Le Marcis,, Salifou Talassone Bangoura, Cécé Kpamou, Mamadou Saliou  Sow, , and Alpha Kabinet Keita,  

Educational Research and Reviews
The role of the principal is developing an instructional leadership team in school

November 2020

The instructional leadership role is one of the most critical and necessary roles of a school leader to promote students' learning. However, it is a common notion that the principal solely is the instructional leader in a school. Thus, this paper aims to discover who else works as an instructional leader and how an instructional leadership team can be formed. Findings from a semi-systematic literature review show...

Author(s): Uddin Muhammad Sharif  

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Socio-economic and cultural values of two species of crabs (Cardisoma armatum Herklots and Callinectes amnicola Rochebrune) in Southern Benin, Africa: Management of post-harvest losses and exoskeletons

July-December 2020

Crabs play an important economic and bio-ecological role in most aquatic ecosystems and occupy an important place in the variety of trophic niches. Callinectes amnicola Rochebrune and Cardisoma armatum Herklots are two edible species widely exploited in Benin. The present work aims to i) evaluate the socio-economic and cultural importance of those two crab species, ii) analyze the dynamics of the value chain, and iii)...

Author(s): Toussaint Mikpon, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Nadège Adoukè Agbodjato, Halfane Lehmane, Olaréwadjou Amogou, Christine N’Tcha, Wassiyath Mousse, Haziz Sina, Hyacinthe Ahissou, Adolphe Adjanohoun and Lamine Baba-Moussa  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the pollutant load of effluents discharged Northwestern of Lake Tanganyika, in the Democratic Republic of Congo

November 2020

The qualitative and quantitative analysis of pollutant loads from effluents discharged into Lake Tanganyika has been studied, with a view to evaluate remediation strategies. The discharge of effluents into Lake Tanganyika calls for concern as it poses serious threats to the biological wealth of the lake. Physico-chemical and microbiological parameters were evaluated for pollution from the effluent source to Lake...

Author(s): Lumami Kapepula, Théophile Ndikumana, Musibono Dieu-Donné, Patricia Luis Alconero, Njoyim Estella Buleng Tamungang, Irene Tarimo and Bart Van der Bruggen  

Scientific Research and Essays
Pilot bioremediation of contaminated soils by hydrocarbons, from an electricity production and distribution site in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

October-December, 2020

The bioremediation of polluted soils by hydrocarbons is a set of decontamination techniques which exploit the depolluting activity of living organisms in order to reduce the toxicity, mobility or quantity of a contaminant in the environment. This work has enabled the bioremediation of a soil contaminated with hydrocarbons by exploiting endogenous microorganisms of the environment. The depollution method used was the...

Author(s): Wendlassida Pauline Ouédraogo, Cécile Harmonie Otoidobiga, Cheik Amadou Tidiane Ouattara, Aboubakar Sidiki Ouattara and Alfred S. Traoré  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Determinants of asthma disease control in Ambo University Referral Hospital: Observational cross-sectional study

November, 2020

Over a decade, different stakeholders have engaged concerted efforts to reduce morbidity and mortality related to asthma. Despite all these efforts, substantial proportions of asthmatic patients do not achieve proper asthma control. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of asthma control and to assess the factors that might influence control of the disease. The study was conducted at the Ambo University...

Author(s): Worku Degefa, Endalkachew Mekonnen Eticha and Gurmu Tsfaye Umeta

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Development of a TaqMan real time reverse transcriptase PCR assay for detection of Zika, Yellow Fever and Dengue-4 viruses simultaneously in a single reaction

November 2020

Zika, yellow fever and dengue viruses are three important flaviviruses that are epidemic and endemic in Central Africa, Middle and South America, Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Since these three viral diseases present with similar symptoms and there is a possibility of multiple flaviviruses co-infection, it is important to develop an effective and quick diagnostic tool. Here, we designed and validated a one-step...

Author(s): Shubing Chen, Zeinab H. Helal, Kenneth S. Plante, Paulo Veradi, Antonio Garmendia and Mazhar I. Khan  

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