Articles

 

Page 9 of 1250, showing 50 records out of 62488 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Vegetation dynamics in a fragile ecosystem in relation to land use: The case of the dune cordon of Namaro, southwestern Niger

July 2022

In southeast Niger, the degradation of the environment led to the reactivation of moving dunes that threatens infrastructure, fields, and river with silting. To stabilize the dune cordon of Namaro, which is heavily cultivated and grazed, anti-erosion devices: living hedges and grassland has been developed. The objectives of this work are then to characterize the impact of grassland and hedges on floristic diversity and...

Author(s): IDE Issoufou, TOURE Amadou Abdourhamane, NOMA Halarou, RAJOT Jean Louis, HASSANE Bouba, TIDJANI Adamou Didier and  GARBA Zibo

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of Ca CaCl2 dipping on postharvest quality and shelf life of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. California Wonder)

July, 2022

Bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) experiences significant loss during postharvest handling. This study aimed to provide an alternative postharvest handling technology for the vegetable. The factor studied was Ca CaCl2 at 4 levels: 0% (distilled water), 3, 6 and 9%. Weight loss and total soluble solids were determined at an interval of 3 days whereas total chlorophyll, Fe, ascorbic acid and Ca content were determined at...

Author(s): Maurine Atieno Aloo, Arnold Mathew Opiyo and Mwanarusi Saidi  

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Combining local ecological knowledge and field investigations to assess diet composition and feeding habit of forest elephants in Campo-Ma’an National Park, Southern Cameroon

July-September 2022

Forest elephants are nocturnal and elusive animals, making it difficult to perform direct observations on them. Data on elephants’ diet and feeding habit are lacking despite most forest elephants’ habitats being lost to anthropogenic activities; yet such knowledge may be important for their conservation, particularly in a human dominated landscape.  Local ecological knowledge and field investigations...

Author(s): Djoko Isaac Blaise, Weladji Robert Bertrand and Paré Patrick

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
The implementation of complementary subjects for English Course in teacher training institutes

July-December 2022

In 2007, some curricular changes of teacher training system were initiated in Mozambique with teacher training course model 10+1. The changes included the teaching of English together with other new subjects that required the training of teachers capable of implementing them to meet the needs of primary education curriculum. In order to examine the implementation of the curricular changes in primary teachers’...

Author(s): Cuane Geraldo Joel 

African Journal of Food Science
Waste-to-wealth; nutritional potential of five selected fruit peels and their health benefits: A review

July 2022

Waste-to-wealth is a notion describing the process of transforming waste, an end product to get rid of, into potential value-added products. The total global food waste is predicted to be approximately one third of the edible parts of food manufactured for human consumption, amounting to about 1 - 3 billion tonnes per year, which is equivalent to the total food production in sub-Saharan Africa; 842 million...

Author(s): Gbenga-Fabusiwa Funmilayo Joy, Jeff-Agboola Yemisi A, Ololade Zacheeus Sunday, Akinrinmade Remilekun and Agbaje David Olusegun

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Investigating the resistance of barnyard grass populations to pretilachlor in direct-seed rice in the Central Region of Vietnam

July, 2022

Barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.) is a major weed widely distributed across the world and causes serious damage to rice production. Yield loss due to barnyard grass was estimated at about 7 to 27% in Vietnam. This study aimed to investigate the rice production, weed impacts, herbicide usage and herbicide resistance in the Central Region of Vietnam. A survey of farmers producing rice and yield loss due...

Author(s): Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy, Tran Thi Anh Tuyet, Paul Kristiansen and Nguyen Vinh Truong  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Environmental implications of pesticide use and application practice on beekeeping: Evidence from Gudeya Bila Woreda of East Wollega Zone in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

July 2022

The existence of honeybees within the ecosystem is crucial in worldwide agricultural production. Exposure of these insects to residues of many contaminants or poisonous materials like plant protection products (pesticides) causes death or reduces their activity. This study aims to assess the status of pesticide application, its use and possible impacts on bee communities in East Wollega Zone of Oromia Regional State,...

Author(s): Gadissa Abaya Alemu, Damene Shimeles and Teklu Berhan Mellese

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agriculture in sub-Sahara Africa developing countries and the role of government: Economic perspectives

July, 2022

Recent agricultural and economic growth has been impressive in sub Saharan Africa (SSA), and explained in part by decades of donor investments. Sustaining recent progress will hence require a fundamental reshaping of SSA host country government policy priorities, which traditionally underinvest in agricultural research. This article investigates country-specific factors that explain government’s tendencies towards...

Author(s): Patrick Kanza, Jeffrey Vitale, Pilja Park Vitale  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphorous on the growth, nutrient uptake, chlorophyll content and some metabolites of eggplant (Solanum melongena L. VAR. Yalo) under saline conditions

July 2022

The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphorous (P) on the growth, nutrient uptake, chlorophyll content and some metabolites of eggplant (Solanum melongena L. VAR. Yalo)  were determined under saline conditions,  through a greenhouse experiment conducted for six weeks. Seedlings were planted in polythene bags previously filled with sand, 1 g of P and 50 g of AMF for all concentrations (0, 50,...

Author(s): Nouck Alphonse Ervé, Shang Erica Wiraghan, Muyang Rosaline Fosah, Choula Fridolin, Thiaze Ifouet Alice, Fotso and Taffouo Victor Desiré

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Creating a psychological paradigm shift in students’ choice in tertiary education in Sri Lanka through education vertical integration

July-December 2022

Tertiary education is a turning point in anybody's life. Students' choice of tertiary education is crucial for them, their family members, and the country. All parents would like to see their children reach the heights in education and develop many career prospects. In Sri Lanka, critical job profiles are limited to medical doctors, engineers, accountants, and lawyers. However, the fact remains that this type of...

Author(s): Edirisinghe Lalith, Siriwardena Sampath and Ranwala Lakshmi 

Educational Research and Reviews
A research on the levels of perceived stress and quality of life of physical education teachers: A pilot study in Türkiye

July 2022

The study focuses on the classification of occupational stressors perceived by physical training teachers in Turkey and the correlations of these stressors between some workload, biographic and quality of life variables. This research was conducted face to face among physical education teachers in public and private schools in the cities of Bal?kesir, Kocaeli, Bursa, Kütahya, Osmaniye, Yalova, Ankara, Antalya,...

Author(s): Alpay Numan 

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Sampling techniques for the optimal measurements of macromycetes diversity in the Soudano-Guinean ecozone (West Africa)

July-September 2022

Fungi range among the most important organisms in the world thanks to their ecological roles in the ecosystems and their socio-economic importance for human beings. Still, the global fungal species richness is full of uncertainties as evidenced by various estimates. Estimating fungal species richness and diversity is raising many questions related to the sampling effort (in space and time). This study aims to determine...

Author(s): Habakaramo Patrick M., Tchan Kassim I., Hegbe Apollon DMT, Abohoumbo Gildas, Hounsouvo Berince S. R., Tchemagnon Odilon, Dramani Ramdan and Yorou Nourou S.

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth and yield of carrots affected by integrated nutrient management of organic and inorganic fertilizers

July, 2022

Two experiments were conducted at the Multipurpose Crop Nursery Research fields of the Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skill Training and Entrepreneurial Development (AAMUSTED), Mampong-Ashanti during the 2018 major (March-July) and minor (September-December) seasons to assess the effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers and their combinations on the growth and yield of carrot. Four organic manures [cattle dung...

Author(s): Jemima Naa Amerley Amartey, Joseph Sarkordie-Addo, Margaret Esi Essilfie and Harrison Kwame Dapaah  

African Journal of Food Science
Sieving fractionation, phenolics profile and in vivo antioxidant activities of Dichrostachys glomerata Forssk. powder

July 2022

Powder fractions of Dichrostachys glomerata were produced by drying the fruits to 10% moisture, grinding followed by sieving to differentiate powders of sizes <180, 180-212, 212-315 and ≥315 µm, respectively. The obtained powders were analysed for their phenolics profile and in vivo antioxidant activities in rats were evaluated. Lyophilized ethanolic extract and crude powder were used for comparison. The...

Author(s): Mbassi Linda Stella, Baudelaire Elie Njantou, Tsague Marthe Valentine, Nguimbou Richard Marcel, Rup-Jacques Sandrine, Deli Markusse, Fomekong Guy Christian, Dicko Amadou and Njintang Nicolas Yanou,

African Journal of Plant Science
Identification and relative quantitative comparison of compounds in bottle gourds [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.]

July 2022

To study the diversity and cultivar-specific of phytochemicals in bottle gourd, Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based untargeted metabolomics method was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of two groups of bottle gourd cultivars exhibiting different tastes and flavors: fresh and slightly bitter (BBGs) / fragrant and sweet (SBG). A total of 155 metabolites (16 differential metabolites and 139...

Author(s): Zhaohui Zhang, Xuan Du, Na Liu and Chunhong Chen

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Cross sectional study on prevalence of malaria case and malaria infection in children under 15 years after the military crisis in Bouake, Côte d’Ivoire

July-December 2022

During the recent crisis in Côte d’Ivoire that lasted 9 years (2002-2021) many health workers were moved from the affected areas to safer places, The aim of the study is to update malaria epidemiology in one of the most affected area (Bouake city) after the crisis ended. Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in children aged 6 months - 14 years old, one in the rainy season and in the dry season in three...

Author(s): Serge-Brice ASSI, Lacinan OUATTARA, Bertin Ncho TCHIEKOI, Offianan Andre TOURE, Franck REMOUE, Kalou Dibert ZIKA, Norbert Lingue KOUASSI, Issa COULIBALY, Raphael N’GUESSAN, and Akre Maurice ADJA  

African Journal of Plant Science
Traditional knowledge and economic importance of Ferula assa-foetida in the rural areas of southeastern Iran

July 2022

Traditional knowledge is considered as knowledge, innovations, practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional life-styles; the wisdom developed over many generations, of holistic traditional scientific utilization of lands, natural resources and environment. Traditional knowledge is valid and necessary, and due to its relevance, it currently has wide application for human benefit. Many people in...

Author(s): Golmohammadi Farhood 

African Journal of Plant Science
Effects of grain spawn and substrates on growth and yield of oyster mushroom grown under different cropping shelters

July 2022

Limited access to oyster mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus) substrates and the high cost of production are among the constraints affecting mushroom farming in Kenya. In an effort to solve the above problem, a study was carried out in Egerton University to determine the effect of grain spawn and substrates on growth and yield of oyster mushroom grown under different cropping shelters. The study was laid out as...

Author(s): Hakizimana Modeste, Gesimba Robert M. and Muthamia Japhet M.

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Bacterial load reduction efficacy, acceptability and cost benefit of a locally produced Hand sanitizer in a tertiary Hospital in Uyo, Nigeria

July-December 2022

Local production of hand hygiene products result in increased availability and compliance with hand hygiene in healthcare settings and significant cost saving to hospitals if effective and acceptable. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness, acceptability, and cost benefit of a locally produced hand sanitizer to commercial hand sanitizer products. This was a comparative cross sectional study carried out...

Author(s): Ekuma, Agantem E., Oloyede, Iso P., Akinjogunla, Olajide J., and Akpan, Richard  

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research
FRET as a tool for the studies of structural changes in full-length bacterial phytochrome, Agp1

July-December 2022

Bacteriophytochromes (BphPs) are light-regulated biliprotein photoreceptors widely occurring in bacteria. BphPs exists in two spectral distinct states: the red-light absorbing state (Pr) and the far-red light-absorbing state (Pfr). BphPs are composed of an N-terminal photosensory core module and a light-controlled C-terminal histidine kinase module. The detailed mechanism on how photoconversion, initiated by a...

Author(s): Njimona Ibrahim,, Ngah Yayah Emerencia, Mfopa Adamou and Nkengazong Lucia

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
The nexus between the interaction among Cowpea actors and its market shares in Uganda. A case of Oyam District

July-September 2022

With the increased use of technology in agriculture, new improved farming and varieties of seeds have been adopted. The study explored how the interaction among the actors helped in sharing vital information on market shares of improved cowpea and relative to improved beans. A cross-sectional research design was used, while quantitative and qualitative approaches were adopted. The respondents were purposively selected...

Author(s): Tobby Akecha, Prossy Isubikalu, Losira. N. Sanya, Naris Mubangizi, Jacob Agea G, and Marus Eton  

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research
Root and hypocotyl growth of Arabidopsis seedlings grown under different light conditions and influence of TOR kinase inhibitor AZD

July-December 2022

We set up six light conditions to investigate the changes in the development of Arabidopsis thaliana hypocotyls and roots. Seedlings grown for 96 h under darkness were scored with shorter roots and longer hypocotyls. In shoot-shaded conditions, seedlings were unable to carry out photosynthesis, resulting in insufficient stored nutrients for root development. In the three groups of different light intensities applied to...

Author(s): Yan Xingyu, Yamashita Felipe, Njimona Ibrahim, and Baluška František

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effects of earnings management on firms’ market-adjusted return

July-September 2022

Earnings announcement affects respective firms’ share prices based on their performances. Financial markets react to the bottom figure of the financial statements, which the authors believe include earnings management components. Similarly, earnings surprise also affects the market share. Therefore, they believe that there is a need for empirical analysis to understand the effects of earnings management and...

Author(s): QURESHI Qazi Ghulam Mustafa, MARD Yves and AUBERT Francois

Scientific Research and Essays
The role of iron on the growth and development of the seedlings of Rhizophora mangle L.

July-September, 2022

Iron is an essential element, and its deficiency and excess result in negative effects on the growth and physiology of plants. Heavy metals are the highest anthropic pollutants that affect mangrove ecosystem. This study aimed to analyze the development of Rhizophora mangle seedlings in response to excess Fe under controlled conditions. Seedlings of R. mangle previously established were transferred to the culture...

Author(s): Barcelos Ully Depolo, Andreia Barcelos Passos Lima Gontijo, Adriano Alves Fernandes⊃, Antelmo Ralph Falqueto, Sávia Soares Pascoalini, Dielle Meire de Santana Lopes⊃, Edilson Romais Schmildt, Samira Leite⊃ and Mônica Maria Pereira Tognella  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Dynamics of herbal medicine processing and production in Benue State Nigeria

July 2022

The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge base of traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) in Benue State in relation to current good manufacturing practice for effective quality, safety, and increased economic value. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the TMPs using questionnaire. Information such as practice area, type of herbal medicine preparations, water quality, preservatives as well as...

Author(s): Obi P. Adigwe, Philip F. Builders, John Alfa and Peter Oladosu  

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of anxiety perception on consumers’ luxury nostalgic consumption intention

July 2022

In a quest to investigate whether perceptions of death anxiety can influence the intention of nostalgia consumption of luxury brands, based on Terror Management Theory (TMT), the present study examines the influence of perceived death anxiety on consumers’ nostalgia feeling, and its impact on consumers’ intention of purchasing nostalgia luxury products. Data were collected online and offline from 419 brand...

Author(s): Chen Xi and Wang Dandan 

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Technical efficiency of pineapple production and challenges in Southern Benin

July, 2022

The need to improve the productivity and quality of pineapple produced to meet demand and supply with international standards necessitates exploring production potentials. So, assessing the technical efficiency of pineapple producers is essential to avoid waste of resources and above all to target advices for improving the productivity of the pineapple producers. Studies conducted on pineapple in Benin have paid less...

Author(s): Moïse K. B. Sodjinou, Alidou Assouma-Imorou, and Ambaliou O. Olounlade,  

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Surveillance of plasmepsin 2 copy number gene in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Senegal

July-December 2022

The development of resistance to antimalarial drugs is a major challenge for global malaria control. Full Plasmodium falciparum resistance to dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine treatment has been reported recently in Cambodia. These events were directly associated with increased copy number variations (CNVs) in the plasmepsin system, including the PfPlasmepsin 2 gene. Pfplasmepsin 2 copy number was the most...

Author(s): Amy Gaye, Tolla Ndiaye, Mouhamad Sy, Awa B. Deme, Baba Dieye, Yaye Die Ndiaye,  Mamadou Samb Yade, Mamadou Alpha Diallo, Khadim Diongue, Mamane N. Garba, Amy Bei, Ibrahima Mbaye Ndiaye, Aita Sene, Abdoulaye Tine, Sarah K. Volkman, Aida Sadikh Badiane and Daouda Ndiaye  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Spatial and temporal variability of soil micronutrients and their relationships with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield and some major soil variables

June, 2022

Studying the spatial and temporal variability of soil micronutrients and their effects on plant growth is important for implementing precision-farming and/or economizing fertilizer management. The present investigation was done through soil sampling (0–20 cm depth) from three locations in central Ethiopia. The tools employed include, descriptive and/or classical statistics. The concentrations of available copper...

Author(s): Assefa Menna  

African Journal of Food Science
Knowledge, practices and intention to consume omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

June 2022

Omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids are beneficial throughout the human life cycle. With regard to early child development, maternal fatty acid status influence cognitive and psychomotor development of the unborn child. Regardless of their importance in early childhood development they still receive less attention when compared to other nutrients. This paper aimed to assess knowledge, practices and intention to consume...

Author(s): Tesha A. P., Mwanri A. W. and Nyaruhucha C. N.

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Dominant practices, information, and constraints of soil moisture conservation and nutrient management for range pastures in a sedentary grazing system in South-Western Uganda

June, 2022

Range pastures constitute the major source of livestock feeds throughout the year in the grazing areas of Uganda. However, pasture yields have been declining overtime, yet there is limited information on efforts of improving pasture productivity through soil moisture conservation and nutrient management. This study assessed soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practices used by livestock farmers, sources...

Author(s): Dina Nabasumba, Robert Muzira, Geoffrey Beyihayo, Joseph Okello, and Halid Kirunda  

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Formulation and evaluation of gastro-retentive floating tablets of griseofulvin

June 2022

About 50% of an oral dose of griseofulvin passes through the gastro-intestinal tract unabsorbed and is excreted in faeces. Short residence time of the low soluble griseofulvin, in stomach and small intestine, limits its dissolution.  Griseofulvin is highly soluble in acidic pH, and so a gastro-retentive floating matrix system was developed to control dissolution rate and thereby enhance solubility to develop an...

Author(s): Jonathan Tinotenda Chanyandura, Madan Sai Poka, Patrick Hulisani Demana and Musa Autamashih  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effects of climate variability on local communities living in and around Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

June 2022

This paper explores the effects of climate variability on local communities living within and around Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP), their coping mechanisms, and challenges encountered. Data was collected from 250 respondents through questionnaires administered to small holder farmers, salt miners, and fisher folks, as well as in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) held with selected households in...

Author(s): Nalwanga F. S., Sowman M., Mukwaya Paul, Musali Paul, Nimusiima Alex and Mugume Isaac

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pre-harvest Loss Assessment of Maize crop in Semi-arid Areas in Tanzania Due to Rodent pests

June, 2022

Two experiments were conducted, first was to estimate maize seedling damage in farmers’ fields and a simulation experiment. This study aim to investigate the impact of rodent pest species, damage to maize crop in semi-arid areas at pre-harvest, with a view to provide farmers with appropriate information on rodent pest management interventions. In farmers’ fields, damage assessment was done by counting the...

Author(s): Emmanuel C. M. Mlyashimbi, Didas N. Kimaro, Akwilin J. P. Tarimo, Robert S. Machang’u, Moses Isabirye, Rhodes H. Makundi, Herwig Leirs, Apia W. Massawe, Mashaka E. Mdangi, Steven R. Belmain and  Loth S. Mulungu  

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effect of a modified lifetime model on e-waste generation in Nigeria under defined reuse options

June 2022

Reliable data on e-waste generation is important for environmentally sound management systems. This study models e-waste generation from existing data on electrical electronics imports, consumption and e-waste generation from Nigerian households. Structured questionnaires were used to obtain information on Electrical Electronic Equipment (EEE) use, reuse, and disposal from households in Nigeria households. Data from...

Author(s): Odeyingbo O., Baldé C. P. and Forti V.

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Stability of productivity parameters of six cocoa clones [Theobroma cacao (Malvaceae)] during the main production season in Côte d'Ivoire

June, 2022

The strong climatic fluctuation observed during the major cocoa production period with reductions in rainfall and rising temperatures lead to a low graining index. This climatic situation makes cocoa marketing difficult for producers. The stability of quantitative productivity parameters in six cacao clones on farm was analyzed during the main production season. Flowering, average pod weight, number of beans per pod,...

Author(s): M’BO Kacou Antoine Alban, AKOBE Luc Jocelin, GOLI Siagbé, BÉNÉ Yéboi, S. Elain APSHARA and KOUAME Christophe  

African Journal of Biotechnology
The effect of foliar application of zinc oxide nanoparticles and Moringa oleifera leaf extract on growth, biochemical parameters and in promoting salt stress tolerance in faba bean

June 2022

Salinity is major abiotic stress limiting plant growth worldwide. Plant adaptation to salinity stress involves diverse physiological and metabolic pathways. In this study, we assessed the effects of foliar application of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) and Moringa leaf extract (MLE) on salt tolerance in faba beans (cultivar, Sakha 4). Morphological, chemical, and biochemical parameters of plants grown under saline...

Author(s): Sherif M. Ragab, Losenge Turoop, Steven Runo, and Steven Nyanjom,

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Evaluation of heavy metals on soil microflora diversity in Robertkiri, Idama and Jokka in Niger Delta Area of Nigeria

January-June 2022

The increase in the population and industrial growth has led to increased production of industrial and domestic waste, which contains heavy metals in different forms, hence affect the diversity and activities of soil microflora and environmental sustainability. This research was aimed at evaluating the heavy metals on soil microflora diversity in soils of Robertkiri, Idama and Jokka in Akuku-Toru Local Government Area...

Author(s): Duke Okoro and Ikyaahemba Philip Tordue  

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Sources, preservation and quality status of some locally cultivated vegetable seeds in Ndop, Northwest region, Cameroon

January-June 2022

Vegetable production is an important economic activity in Cameroon. Due to poor health status of the seeds, the yield is decreasing. Sources, preservation, and quality status of some locally cultivated vegetable seeds was investigated. Seeds were obtained from local farmers, agro-shops, and local markets in four villages of Bamessing, Bamali, Bamunka and Bambalang. The seed sources and preservation methods were recorded...

Author(s): Pindeh Titah Charles, Erve Nouck Alphonse, Kain Chia Genevieve and Kinge Tonjock Rosemary

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Training needs assessment of smallholder farmers in rice post-harvest value addition technologies in the Southern Region of Sierra Leone

April-June 2022

Training needs assessment study was conducted on rice post-harvest value addition technologies. The study was done in the Southern Region of Sierra Leone to assess the competence of smallholder farmers in rice post-harvest value addition. As a quantitative research method, a descriptive research design, which called for a survey by randomly and proportionately selecting 400 smallholder farmers across the four districts...

Author(s): Philip Jimia Kamanda, Ernest Laryea Okorley and Masa Veronica Motaung,

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of the infestation of three rubber tree clones by Phragmantera capitata (Sprengel) S. Balle (Loranthaceae) in the South-west region of Cameroon

June, 2022

Rubber tree clones are used for their high latex production, resistance to the diseases and to the climatic conditions. The aim of this study was to characterize the parasitism of Phragmanthera capitata on three rubber clones. The study was carried out in the rubber plantations of the Cameroon Development Corporation located in 4 villages around Muyuka and Tiko, two locality of the Fako Department, South-West Region of...

Author(s): Jacques Bruno Ngotta Biyon, Patrice Brice Mvogo Ottou, Rosette Christelle Ndjib, Joseph Marie Ondoua and Victor Désiré Taffouo  

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Challenges and opportunities for the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Somalia: A case for Puntland

January-June 2022

The purpose of this paper is to examine the context and circumstances surrounding technical and vocational education training (TVET) in Somalia in general, and Puntland State in particular, in order to have a positive impact on reducing chronic youth unemployment, which currently stands at 67% across the country. The existing condition, difficulties, and prospects of the TVET education industry in Puntland were surveyed...

Author(s): Farah Abdiqani Ahmed and Farah Dahir Abshir 

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
In-vitro antioxidant potential of conventional herbal decoction aiding diabetes metabolomics

January-June 2022

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor of oxidative stress through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS triggers cell damage which enhances the risk of several diabetes associated disorders such as neuropathy. There are many treatment options but no cure, and the quest for the natural, cost-effective treatment regimen is ongoing. Therefore, the present study was conducted to observe the in-vitro...

Author(s): Saara Ahmad, Hamna Rafiq, Asra Khan and Inara Merani  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Maize intercropped between Eucalyptus urophylla in agroforestry systems in Brazil

June, 2022

The objective of this work was to evaluate the agronomic characteristics of maize intercropping with Eucalyptus urophylla at agroforestry system in two triple row distance (alleys) at different sampling distances and positions in relation to the eucalyptus external row (transect), and three positions in relation to the cardinal points: east side, west side and middle. Eucalyptus (E. urophylla) seedlings were planted...

Author(s): Wander Luis Barbosa Borges, Maria Fernanda Guerreiro, Luiz Fernando Braz da Silva Biga, Maria Luiza Franceschi Nicodemo and Carlos Eduardo Silva Santos  

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Implementation of multi-month dispensing among people living with HIV in Tanzania

January-June 2022

The global efforts to end the HIV pandemic are currently geared towards achieving ideal viral suppression among People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on ART. Tanzania adopted a number of strategies including Multi-Months Dispensing (MMD) allowing stable clients to attend the clinic twice or three times a year. This study examined the implementation of MMD in Tanzania. This was a cross-sectional study that employed quantitative...

Author(s): George Ruhago, Godbless Mariki, Frida Ngalesoni, , Beatrice Christian, Irene Makundi , and Marina Njelekela  

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Comparison of contrast radiography and ultrasonography in diagnosing gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits

April-June 2022

Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction in rabbits is common due to the peculiarities of their gastrointestinal tract.  This condition usually has an acute progression before the rabbit succumbs or recovers. Due to the acute nature of gastrointestinal obstruction in rabbits, early detection is important. Contrast radiography and ultrasonography are two non-invasive imaging procedures that can be used to detect underlying...

Author(s): Olatunji-Akioye A. O., Akinbobola B. and Oni Z. O.  

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Conservatism and social justice: Why do some teachers strive harder for social justice while others do not?

January-June 2022

Teachers are seen as change agents in the world of social justice because they embody the educational ideals of equality and fair treatment. The aim of this study is to examine the more conservative personal and social attitudes of teachers that may affect how their social justice beliefs play out in the classroom. The research findings reveal important results about the relationship between the attitudes of resistance...

Author(s): Öngel Gülay and TabancalI Erkan

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
“You’re almost glancing behind a curtain”: HIV care provider perceptions regarding integration and value of pre-visit electronic tablet-based patient-reported outcomes data collection in two North American clinics

January-June 2022

This study was conducted to assess provider perceptions regarding value of tablet-based patient-reported outcome (PRO) assessments in routine care. Patients self-administered a brief PRO assessment of several clinical domains on-site prior to HIV clinic visits. Providers were given succinct summary results. 1:1 interviews were conducted with providers regarding PROs utility and their integration into care, and coded...

Author(s): Rob Fredericksen, Duncan Short, Emma Fitzsimmons, Divya Korlipara, Shivali Suri, Brenda Jacobs, Jean Bacon, Abigail Kroch, Alexandra Musten, Vincent Hodge, Moti Ramgopal, Darrell Tan, Jeff Berry, Deborah Yoong, Mark Naccarato, Kevin Gough, Justin Mcreynolds, William Lober and Heidi Crane  

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Research achievements and recommendations in crop management for enhancing the productivity of spices: A review

June, 2022

Spices are invaluable crops in Ethiopia and research. Just like coffee, their production started many years ago. Availability of diverse agro ecology allowed the country to cultivate different spices. Lowland (ginger, turmeric, black pepper, cardamom, and vanilla) and highland seed spices (black cumin and white cumin, fenugreek, and coriander) were some of the target in research. Appropriate crop management practices,...

Author(s): Girma Hailemichael, Abukiya Getu and Behailu Mekonnen  

African Journal of Biotechnology
Modulation of ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase, benzoxyresorufin-o-dealkylase and pentoxyresorufin-o-dealkylase expression by African walnut seeds lipid extract in 3-methylcholanthrene induced breast cancer in Wistar rats

June 2022

Breast cancer is prevalent among women worldwide. African walnut (Tetracarpidium conophorum) seeds extract have been shown to have medicinal properties. This study is to determine the effects of feeding T. conophorum seeds lipid extract on 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) induced breast carcinogenesis and the expression of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (CYP1A1), benzoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase (CYP1B1) and...

Author(s): Uhunmwangho Esosa Samuel, Oyiborhoro Onoriode and Oluwaseun Olafusi Celestina 

Page 9 of 1250, showing 50 records out of 62488 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450