African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12267

AJB Articles

Effect of solarization with fresh chicken manure on verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae Klebb) and yield in eggplant

December 2016

The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of reducing wilt disease through the medium of fresh chicken manure (FCM) mixed with soil before solarized and then artificial Verticillium dahliae (V.d) inoculation on yield of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) under field conditions. According to the split-plot design, solarization of main plots, sub-plots with fresh chicken manure and V dahliae inoculation were...

Author(s): Ismail Cimen and Mahir Basaran

Nucellar embryogenesis and plantlet regeneration in monoembryonic and polyembryonic mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars

December 2016

Biotic and abiotic stress particularly fungal diseases and salinity are major challenges facing mango cultivations in Oman. Micropropagation technique for multiplying disease resistant and salinity tolerant elite cultivars could be utilized to replace dead and infected plants in mango orchards but standardize in-vitro regeneration protocol via somatic embryogenesis is prerequisite. Nucellar tissues from immature mango...

Author(s): Manish Shukla, Khair Tuwair Al-Busaidi, Ghaya Sultan Al-Blushi, Abdullah Hamed Al-Burashdi, Hamoud Darwish Al-Hasani, Mohammed Hamed Al-Jabri and Basem Saif AL-Kalbani

Genetic diversity and population structure of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) germplasm of Ethiopia as revealed by microsatellite markers

December 2016

The Ethiopian genetic center is considered to be one of the secondary centers of diversity for the common bean. This study was conducted to characterize the distribution of genetic diversity between and within ecological/geographical regions of Ethiopia. A germplasm sample of 116 landrace accessions was developed, which represented different common bean production ecologies and seed types common in the country. This...

Author(s): Zelalem Fisseha, Kassahun Tesfaye, Kifle Dagne, Matthew W. Blair, Jagger Harvey,  Martina Kyallo, Paul Gepts

Acute and sub-chronic toxicity study of the extract and powder of Operculina macrocarpa (L.) Urb. in mice

December 2016

The aim of the study was to evaluate the experimental acute and sub-chronic toxicities of Operculina macrocarpa with plant extract and powder, respectively, in male and female mice. Phytochemical prospection was performed with extract and administration in single doses by intraperitoneal route to six groups and control at 1230, 970, 700, 350, 120 and 30 mg/kg doses and distilled water (0.1 ml/10 g), respectively....

Author(s): Carpejane Ferreira da Silva, Ana Célia Rodrigues Athayde, Marcílio Fontes Cezar, Onaldo Guedes Rodrigues, Sergio Santos Azevedo, José Galberto Martins da Costa and Fabrício Kleber de Lucena Carvalho

Ex vivo trypanostatic effect of stem-bark extracts of Securidaca longipedunculata (Fres. Holl) against Trypanosoma brucei brucei

December 2016

Current treatment of trypanosomosis in sub-Saharan Africa is associated with widespread inefficiency. There is therefore the need to find more effective drugs against the disease from promising traditional medicinal herbs. This work is aimed at evaluating ex vivo anti-trypanosomal effect of stem-bark extracts of S. longipedunculata against T. brucei brucei. One hundred microlitre of crude methanol, ethyl acetate and...

Author(s): Abdullah Mohammad Tauheed, Mohammed Musa Suleiman, Mohammed Mamman, and Idris Alao Lawal

Performance of rapid subtyping tools used for the classification of HIV type 1 recombinants isolated from selected countries in west and central Africa

December 2016

HIV-1 genetic diversity in sub-Saharan Africa is broad and the AIDS epidemic is driven predominantly by recombinants in Central and West Africa. The classification of HIV-1 strains is therefore necessary to understand diagnostic efficiency, individual treatment responses as well as options for designing vaccines and antiretroviral (ARV) treatment guidelines. More so, accurate subtyping of a partial or full genome would...

Author(s): Bimela Jude Saber, Judith Ndongo Torimiro, Atogho Tiedeu Barbara, Tchapda Arlette Laure, Joseph Fokam, Desire Takou and Wilfred Fon Mbacham,

Influence of sweeteners in the biodistribution of radiopharmaceutical and laboratory tests in rats

December 2016

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of supplementation of sucralose and fructose on the metabolism of adolescent rats. Eighteen male Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups: control group (GC), fructose group (GF) treated with 50 mg/kg of fructose, and sucralose group (GS) receiving 50 mg/kg of sucralose for 24 days. The weight and feed intake were measured weekly. At the end of the experiment, some biochemical...

Author(s): Michelly Pires Queiroz, Vanessa Santos de Arruda Barbosa, Cecília Maria de Carvalho Xavier Holanda, Janette Monroy Osório, Tarciso Bruno Montenegro Sampaio, Christina da Silva Camillo, Aldo Cunha Medeiros, Marília Ferreira Frazão Tavares de Melo and Juliana Késsia Barbosa Soares

Postharvest physicochemical properties of cucumber fruits (Cucumber sativus L) treated with chitosan-lemon grass extracts under different storage durations

December 2016

The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of chitosan-based edible coatings with lemon grass extract on the physical properties and overall acceptability of cucumber fruits stored at ambient temperature (28 ± 2°C) and 85 to 90% relative humidity for 14 days. Blends of chitosan (C) and lemon grass extract (E) were formulated as 0.5% C + 0.5% E, 0.5% C + 1% E, 1% C + 0.5% E and 1% C + 1% E....

Author(s): Olufunmilayo Sade Omoba and Uzoma Onyekwere

Accelerated in vitro propagation of elite oil palm genotypes (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) by substituting cytokinin with putrescine

December 2016

Clonal multiplication of oil palm enables the formation of commercial plantations with higher yield, which is possible through somatic embryogenesis. However, due to different modifications made in the existing protocols to avoid the appearance of the “mantled flower”, the success of this technique has been limited. Thus, this study aimed to apply a cloning protocol, using somatic embryogenesis, to 32 elite...

Author(s): Thais Roseli Corrêa, Sérgio Yoshimitsu Motoike, Ana Paula de Souza Andrade, Sara Morra Coser, Vanessa Queiroz, Manuela Maria Cavalcante Granja, Débora Durso Neves Caetano, Cristian Nicolás Mendoza Peña and Edgard Augusto de Toledo Picoli

Identification of a novel submergence response gene regulated by the Sub1A gene

December 2016

Submergence is one of the major constraints to rice production in many rice growing areas in the world. The Sub1A gene has been demonstrated to dramatically improve submergence tolerance in rice. Here, we report the identification of a novel submergence response (RS1) gene that is specifically induced in the Sub1A-mediated submergence tolerance response. Under submergence, RS1 was upregulated in M202 (Sub1A) but...

Author(s): Hewei Du,, Min Huang, Jianxiong Zhu, Hang Su and Xiu Zeng

Investigation of Argania spinosa L. (Skeels) polyphenols growing in arid and semi-arid conditions

December 2016

Argania spinosa L. Skeels, belonging to the Argania genus of the Sapotaceae family, is a species native to Morocco and Algeria.  Due to its perfect adaptation to soil and climate, this tree plays an important ecological role in a constantly threatened encroached desert region. To understand the biological role of polyphenols in making the argan tree adapts to its natural habitat, we conducted a comparative study in...

Author(s): Souad Djied, Saida Danoune, Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati Amina Belhandouz and Meriem Kaid-Harche

Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory properties of the hexane extract of Hydrocotyle bonariensis Comm. Ex Lam. leaves

December 2016

This study investigates the anti-inflammatory properties of Hydrocotyle bonariensis Comm. Ex Lam, a medicinal plant used by indigenous traditional healers to manage chronic inflammatory diseases especially rheumatism and arthritis. The hexane extract of H. bonariensis leaves was evaluated for the presence and concentration of phytochemicals. It was subjected to heat-induced albumin denaturation and human red blood cell...

Author(s): Obaseki, O. E., Adesegun, O. I., Anyasor, G. N. and Abebawo, O. O.

Occurrence of Escherichia coli in Brassica rapa L. chinensis irrigated with low quality water in urban areas of Morogoro, Tanzania

December 2016

Low quality water has become valuable resource with restricted or unrestricted use in food production depending on its quality. This study has quantified the occurrence of Escherichia coli in Brassica rapa L. chinensis (Chinese cabbage) vegetables and low quality irrigation water. A total of 106 samples including Chinese cabbage (69) and water (37) were collected. The E. coli were cultured in petri film selective E....

Author(s): Ofred J. Mhongole, Robinson H. Mdegela, Lughano J. M. Kusiluka and Anders Dalsgaard

Application of polymeric nanoparticles for controlled release of ethanolic extract of guapeva leaves (Pouteria gardneriana Radlk) against Riphicephalus (Boophilus) microplus through in vitro studies

December 2016

The study was designed to evaluate the ethanolic extract acaricide action from Pouteria gardneriana Radlk specie adsorbed in chitosan nanoparticles for controlled release against Riphicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Leaves of P. gardneriana Radlk were collected, air-dried, ground and extracted with ethanol. Chitosan nanospheres were obtained by the phase inversion method. Conductometric titration, UV-Vis and FTIR...

Author(s): Priscila Fernanda Pereira Barbosa, Pablo Peres de Mendonça, Rômulo Davi Albuquerque Andrade, Ana Carolina Ribeiro Aguiar, Andréa Rodrigues Chaves, Adilson Ben da Costa and  Fabiano Guimarães Silva

Allelopathic effect of aqueous extract of fresh leaf castor beans (Ricinus communis L.) applied to the beginning stage of soy (Glycine max L.) and safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.)

December 2016

Allelopathy defines the production of specific biomolecules (allelochemical) by a plant that can induce positive or negative impacts on another culture. The crop of castor beans (Ricinus communis L.) is being economically valued and receiving attention, mainly by the biodiesel production, castor oil and animal feeding. In this study, the allelopathic effect of aqueous extract from fresh leaves of castor beans (Ricinus...

Author(s): Renathielly Fernanda da Silva, Rodrigo Techio Bressan, Bruno Meneghel Zilli, Maurício Antônio Pilatti, Samuel Nelson Melegari de Souza and Reginaldo Ferreira Santos

Thermo-chemical sequestration of naphthalene using Borassus flabellifer Shell activated carbon: Effect of influencing parameters, isotherm and kinetic study

November 2016

The present research describes the removal of naphthalene from aqueous solution using one of the simplest agricultural wastes, Borassus flabellifer Shell activated carbon (BFS-AC) by adsorption. Adsorption was chosen due to its cost-effectiveness. The effect of operating parameters such as pH, time, initial concentration of naphthalene, BFS-AC dosage and temperature on the percent removal of naphthalene was determined....

Author(s): J. Aravind Kumar, D. Joshua Amarnath, S. Anuradha Jabasingh and S.Sathish

Evaluation of insulin-like growth factor-I gene polymorphism in Egyptian small ruminant breeds

November 2016

The genetic improvement of production traits can be developed through marker assisted selection. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is a member of the somatotrophic axis which has a remarkable variation of its biological effect including protein synthesis and skeletal growth. This study aimed to detect the genetic polymorphism of IGF-1 in different Egyptian sheep and goat breeds. The amplified fragments at 320-bp were...

Author(s): Othman E. Othman, Mohamed F. Abdel-Samad and Nadia A. Abo El-Maaty

Effect of organic matter, irrigation and soil mulching on the nutritional status and productivity of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) in the semiarid region of Brazil

November 2016

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L) is an important vegetable crop currently cultivated in many parts of the world. The adoption of management strategies to promote the nutritional status and crop productivity in semiarid regions of Brazil is still poorly studied. Thus, this experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of raising the level of organic matter in the soil, irrigation and soil mulching in the nutritional...

Author(s): Marcelo de Andrade Barbosa, Núbia Marisa Ferreira, Antônio Michael Pereira Bertino, Evandro Franklin de Mesquita, Lucia Helena Garófalo Chaves, Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante and Everlon Cid Rigobelo

Growth promotion mediated by endophytic fungi in cloned seedlings of Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla hybrids

November 2016

Eucalyptus cultivation has expanded considerably in Brazilian systems, leading to the current search for technologies to optimize growing conditions and the production of seedlings in nurseries. Based on the understanding that the development of tree species such as Eucalyptus sp. can be influenced by endophytic fungi that act directly as plant growth-promoting species, cloned seedlings of Eucalyptus grandis x...

Author(s): Luciana Cristina Vitorino, Layara Alexandre Bessa, Ligia Guimarães Carvalho and Fabiano Guimarães Silva

Primary study on the components and main physico-chemical as well as biological properties of the oil of Alpinia galanga (L.) Wild in Phu Tho-Vietnam

November 2016

The oil of Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd in Phu Tho was obtained by steam distillation and dried with Na2SO4. By Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method, 29 components in the oil were predicted by comparing their retention times and molecular weights with the standards’. In particular, there were 10 hydrocarbons such as monoterpenes: 29.15%, sesquiterpenes: 21.06%, and 19 oxygenated components like...

Author(s): Nguyen Van Loi and Nguyen Quynh Uyen

A review of cashew (Anacardiumoccidentale L.) apple: Effects of processing techniques, properties and quality of juice

November 2016

A review including the processing techniques, properties and uses of cashew apple juice is reported. Cashew apple has multi-purpose; it can be processed to obtain human food. The process of cashew apple into several by-products can affect its nutritional, microbiological, and sensorial quality attributes. Therefore, clarification methods, thermal treatment and high hydrostatic pressure modify nutritional,...

Author(s): Emmanuelle Dedehou, Joseph Dossou, Victor Anihouvi and Mohamed M. Soumanou

Effect of whey storage on physicochemical properties, microstructure and texture profile of ricotta cheese

November 2016

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of whey storage period (0, 24, 48 and 72 h) on the physicochemical parameters, color, texture and microstructure of fresh ricotta during storage. Sweet whey and acid whey were evaluated based on titratable acidity, pH, fat, cryoscopy, and density, while ricotta was based on yield, fat, protein, ash, acidity, pH, moisture, total solids, color, texture, and microstructure....

Author(s): Jéssica Leal Freitas Souza, Marco Antônio Pereira da Silva, Rânio Cesar Francisco da Silva, Ruthele Moraes do Carmo, Rodolfo Gomes de Souza, Juliana Aparecida Célia, Kênia Borges de Oliveira, Geovana Rocha Plácido, Moacir Evandro Lage and Edmar Soares Nicolau

Influence of vermicompost humic acid on chlorophyll content and acclimatization in banana clone, Enano Guantanamero

November 2016

Vermicompost humic acids (VHA) promote plants’ growth because they have similar effects with auxins. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of VHA in some physiological indicators in the micropropagation and acclimatization phase of banana clone Enano Guantanamero. Six concentrations were used (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg L-1) to evaluate in vitro the number of leaves, total chlorophyll content and...

Author(s): Marcia Beatriz Moya Fernández, Esteban Sánchez Chávez, Daniel Cabezas Montero, Andrés Calderín García, Dany Marrero López, Eduardo F. Héctor Ardisana and Sandra Pérez Álvarez

Study of genetic determinism of harvest index in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf) under semi-arid conditions

November 2016

Out of six varieties of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.), two local varieties with a low harvest index and four others with high harvest indices and short straw imported from France were studied in a diallel cross. The experiment was done in a complete randomized block design with three replications. It was done at the Research Station of the Institute of Technical Big Cultures of Khemis Miliana, located in the...

Author(s): Bousalhih, B., Mekliche, L., Aissat, A. and Sadek Benabbes Halim

Comparative phylogenetic analysis of intergenic spacers and small subunit rRNA gene sequences of two microsporidian isolates from Antheraea myllita

November 2016

Two microsporidian isolates extracted from infected tasar silkworms (Antheraea mylitta)  collected from forest area in Deoghar district, Jharkhand, India were subjected to PCR amplification using intergenic spacer (IGS) region and small subunit rRNA (SSU-rRNA) gene specific primers followed by cloning and sequencing. The IGS and SSU-rRNA gene sequences were analysed to derive the identity of the microspoidian...

Author(s): Wazid Hassan, B. Surendra Nath and Geetha N. Murthy

Isolation and characterization of methanogenic bacteria from brewery wastewater in Kenya

November 2016

The production of biogas from renewable resources is becoming a prominent feature of most developed and developing countries of the world. A study was undertaken to characterize methanogenic microbial community found in brewery waste water. Their performance with regards to methane production was also studied. Thirty-two isolates were obtained using brewer thyglycollate agar medium. Characterization of the isolates was...

Author(s): Sylvia Injete Murunga, Duncan Onyango Mbuge, Ayub Njoroge Gitau, Urbanus Ndungwa. Mutwiwa and Ingrid Namae Wekesa

Production of alkaline proteases by alkalophilic Bacillus subtilis during recycling animal and plant wastes

November 2016

The production of extracellular alkaline protease by Bacillus subtilis was studied with submerged fermentation. A new strain of Bacillus sp. was isolated from alkaline soil, which was able to produce extracellular alkaline protease. The production of alkaline protease involved the use of agricultural or animal wastes at pH 8 and temperatures at 37°C. Results showed that growing B. subtilis sub sp. subtilis under...

Author(s): Amira Hassan Al-Abdalall and Eida Marshid Al-Khaldi

Investigating the potential of Aucoumea klaineana Pierre sapwood and heartwood wastes to produce cellulosic ethanol

November 2016

This work investigates for the first time the different reactivity exhibited by sapwood and heartwood wastes under two conditions: They were pretreated with catalyzed ethanol organosolv in the presence of sulfuric acid and their pulps underwent enzymatic hydrolysis by Trichoderma reesei which causes them to release neutral sugars for the production of cellulosic ethanol.  Aucoumea klaineana Pierre (Okoumé)...

Author(s): Rodrigue Safou-Tchiama, Sébastien Ngwa Obame, Nicolas Brosse, Patrice Soulounganga and Timoléon Andzi Barhé

Comparison of seed priming techniques with regards to germination and growth of watermelon seedlings in laboratory condition

November 2016

Seeds of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum and Nakai, cv. Crimson Sweet] were used to investigate the effects of different priming techniques on seed germination and early seedling growth. The seeds were soaked in solutions of 0.2% gibberellin (50 mg L–1 gibberellic acid), 0.2% cytokinin (90 mg L–1 kinetin), 0.2% potassium nitrate (2 g L–1 KNO3), 0.2% calcium nitrate [2 g L–1...

Author(s): Willams Ferreira Souza Barbosa, Fábio Steiner, Leandro Castro Matias de Oliveira and Paulo Henrique and Menezes das Chagas

Linkage disequilibrium and association mapping of drought tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) germplasm population from diverse regions of Pakistan

November 2016

Drought stress is a major abiotic stress that limits crop production. Molecular association mapping techniques through linkage disequilibrium (LD) can be effectively used to tag genomic regions involved in drought stress tolerance. With the association mapping approach, 90 genotypes of cotton Gossypium hirsutum, from diverse regions of Pakistan were used. The morpho-physiological traits of all genotypes were evaluated...

Author(s): Abdelhafiz Adam Dahab, Muhammad Saeed, Nada Babiker Hamza, Bahaeldeen Babiker Mohamed and Tayyab Husnain

Inbreeding depression in crosses of coerulea clones of Walker’s Cattleya (Cattleya walkeriana Gardner)

November 2016

Orchids are among the most beautiful flowers and endangered due to habitat destruction and over-collection. Cattleya walkeriana is one of the most beautiful flowers joining the small sized plant with medium large and heavily scented flowers. It is widely known and appreciated by its beautiful clones and it has much to offer to breeders because their plants have besides other attributes as small habit and big flowers,...

Author(s): Miléia Ricci Picolo, Ceci Castilho Custódio, Nelson Barbosa Machado-Neto

The protective role of honey against cytotoxicity of cadmium chloride in mice

November 2016

The present study aimed to investigate the honey (HY) protective role in opposition to cadmium (Cd) induced chromosomal aberrations of bone marrow and sperm abnormalities. Forty five (45) adult male albino mice were caged into six groups. Mice were injected, i.p, 300 mg HY/kg and/or 0.67 mg CdCl2/kg b.w for 96 h, separately and alternated. The alternated trials were continued for consecutive eight days. Results show...

Author(s): Asmaa Shahrour, Mohamed Zowail and Khaled Sharafeldin

Shelf life improvement of sorghum beer (pito) through the addition of Moringa oleifera and pasteurization

November 2016

Pito is a traditional alcoholic beverage that is mostly brewed in the three northern regions of Ghana. Although widely consumed and used in many festivities, poor storability limits its economic potential as an income-generating venture for most women. This study was carried out to improve the shelf-life of pito through the addition of Moringa oleifera leaf extract and pasteurization (75 to 80°C). Microbial...

Author(s): Florence Adwoa Ayirezang, Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba, Francis Kweku Amagloh and Hellie Gonu

Characterization of mutant cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp] lines using random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers

November 2016

Phylogenetic relationship and polymorphism was detected in 10 cowpea lines comprising of leaf, flower and stem mutants, their putative parents and an exotic accession using 10 random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs) and three primer combinations of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. These mutants were earlier obtained through the probable activities of transposable elements. The RAPD and AFLP...

Author(s): Olufisayo Atinuke Kolade, Mercy Oluremi Olowolafe and Iyiola Fawole

Pan-genome analysis of Senegalese and Gambian strains of Bacillus anthracis

November 2016

Bacillus anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax, and it is classified as “category A” biological weapon. There were six available complete genomes (A0248, Ames, Ames Ancestor, CDC684, H0491 and Sterne). Here, one Gambian and two Senegalese strains (Gmb1, Sen2Col2 and Sen3) were added. In this work, the pan-genome of B. anthracis was studied based on nine strains and using bioinformatics tools as Cluster...

Author(s): M. Mbengue, F. T. Lo, A. A. Diallo,  Y. S. Ndiaye, M. Diouf and M. Ndiaye

RNAi-based silencing of genes encoding the vacuolar-ATPase subunits a and c in pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella)

November 2016

RNA interference is a post- transcriptional gene regulation mechanism that is predominantly found in eukaryotic organisms. RNAi demonstrated a successful gene silencing in insects that led to the development of novel approaches for insect pest management. In the current study, genes encoding vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) subunits a and c from the midgut of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella, were cloned and sequenced....

Author(s): Ahmed M. A. Mohammed

Genetic analysis of body weight of Takifugu rubripes at different developmental stages

November 2016

To elucidate the genetic mechanism of growth trait in Takifugu rubripes during ontogeny, developmental genetic analysis of body weight was conducted by mixed genetic model with additive-dominance effects, using complete diallel cross with three different strains of T. rubripes from Laizhou Shandong, Tangshan Hebei and Dalian Liaoning. Unconditional genetic analysis revealed that the unconditional dominance effects with...

Author(s): Aijun Ma,, and Xin’an Wang,,

Diversity of growth hormone gene and its relation with average daily gain in Simmental cattle in West Sumatera Province, Indonesia

November 2016

This study was aimed to analyse the genetic polymorphism of Growth Hormone (GH) polymorphism of Simmental cattle using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method and its relation to average daily gain. The research was conducted in the Padang Mangatas Breeding Centre, Limapuluh Kota district, West Sumatera Province and Biotechnology Laboratory of Faculty of Animal Husbandry,...

Author(s): Hary Suhada, Sarbaini Anwar, Arnim, Hendri Maulana and Dan Yurnalis

Hesperidin effects on behavior and locomotor activity of diabetic Wistar rat

November 2016

Today, there are sufficient validated scientific data that support the existence of relations between diabetes and certain neuropsychiatric disorders, such as behavioral disorders, anxiety, cognitive decline and depression. The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of a natural bioflavonoid, the antioxidant hesperidin on the neuro behavioral alterations and locomotor function in streptozotocine diabetic...

Author(s): Doria Amina Bensaoula, Nadia Boukhris and Abdelkrim Tahraoui

Optimization of humidifying procedure in controlled environment for indoor cultivation of Pleurotus pulmonarius

November 2016

This study investigated mushroom cultivation in controlled indoor environment. For this, the environmental factors including humidity and temperature were controlled by humidifier and ventilation.  Four ventilations were installed on tops to bring the air from inside to outside and four small ventilations were installed on side wall along with black filter to bring the air from outside to inside. Four humidifiers...

Author(s): Tariqul Islam, Zarina Zakaria, Nasrul Hamidin and Mohd Azlan Bin Mohd Ishak

Molecular epidemiology of foot and mouth disease, bluetongue and pest de petites ruminants in Algeria: Historical perspective, diagnosis and control

November 2016

Molecular tools have become an increasingly important part of studying the epidemiology of infectious agents. These tools have allowed the aetiological agent within a population to be diagnosed rapidly with a greater degree of efficiency and accuracy than conventional diagnostic tools. They have enhanced understanding into the pathogenicity and virulence of the aetiological agent and subsequent deployment of appropriate...

Author(s): Moustafa KARDJADJ and Pam Dachung LUKA

Chlorophyll, nitrogen and antioxidant activities in Cumaru (Dipteryx odorata (Aubl.) Willd) (Fabaceae) in two water regimes

November 2016

The Cumaru (Dipteryx odorata (Aubl.) Willd.) is a species used by traditional populations and industries using timber and non-timber forest products. This study aimed to analyze the levels of chlorophyll A, B, total ammonia levels, nitrate, proline, electrolyte leakage and activity of oxidative enzymes in evaluation to tolerance of cumaru plants subjected to drought for 21 days of stress. The experiment was conducted in...

Author(s): Bruno Moitinho Maltarolo, Ellen Gleyce da Silva Lima, Vitor Resende do Nascimento, Kerolém Prícila Sousa Cardoso, Ana Ecídia de Araújo Brito, Tamires Borges de Oliveira, Glauco André dos Santos Nogueira, Karollyne Renata Souza Silva, Wander Luiz da Silva Ataíde, Cândido Ferreira de Oliveira Neto, Waldemar Viana De Andrade Junior and Benedito Gomes dos Santos Filho

Enhancement of yield and nutritional value of soybean sprouts by persimmon fruit powder

November 2016

Large amount of soybean sprouts has been produced for human consumption in Korea for a long time. Various techniques and production methods have been implied to enhance the quality and yield of soybean sprouts. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of persimmon fruit powder treatment on yield and nutritional value of soybean sprouts. The sprout yield was increased by 16% with the addition of...

Author(s): Il-Doo Kim, Sanjeev Kumar Dhungana, Jeong-Ho Kim, Hong Ahn, Hye-Ryun Kim and Dong-Hyun Shin

In vitro direct organogenesis in response to floral reversion in lily

November 2016

Our previous study indicated that the tiger lily (Lilium lancifolium var. Flore Pleno) has a great ability to produce inflorescence bulbils in nature as a form of natural phenomenon of floral reversion in plants. This present research was carried out to investigate the artificial floral reversion in in vitro culture of two lilies (Asiatic hybrid cv.”Black out"), and (Lilium longiflorum cv "White...

Author(s): Asker H. M.

Genetic diversity and population structure of maize landraces from Côte d’Ivoire

November 2016

Maize (Zea mays L.) occupies an important place among food crops in Côte d’Ivoire. However, no study on the genetic diversity of the species has been performed to date. This study aims at analyzing the diversity and genetic structure of 35 maize accessions using 10 microsatellite markers. These accessions are from different agro-ecological zones representative of the Ivorian territory. The results showed...

Author(s): N’DA Hugues Annicet, AKANVOU Louise, POKOU N’da Désiré, AKANZA Kouadjo Paul, KOUAKOU Charles Konan and ZORO BI Irié Arsène

Molecular genetic diversity in a core of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) clones with potential for selection of disease resistance, plant height and fruit production

November 2016

This study aimed to assess the genetic variability in groups of 11 clones of Theobroma cacao L., from different geographical regions, based on microsatellite markers, with the interest to characterize germplasm for breeding. The products of the amplification of these materials with 15 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were separated into ABI377 sequencer. The genotype encoded data were analyzed by means of...

Author(s): Adeilson Batista Lins, Pabliane Ramos Lawinscky, Antônia Marlene Magalhães Barbosa, Fernanda Amato Gaiotto and Ronan Xavier Corrêa

Agronomic evaluation and quality characteristics of three Cucurbitaceae varieties acclimated in Benin

November 2016

The present study aimed to evaluate some agronomical, physical and nutritional characteristics of seeds of three species of Cucurbitaceous, namely Citrulus lanatus, Lagenaria siceraria and Cucumeropsis edulus. Agronomic experiments were investigated over a two-year period during which, some agronomic performances of the tested varieties were evaluated. The physical characteristics of the collected fruits were also...

Author(s): Adam Salifou, Cherif Alidou, Fidèle P. Tchobo, Bruno Barea and Mohamed M. Soumanou

Effect of salt stress on growth and contents of organic and inorganic compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.)

October 2016

Salinity is one of the abiotic stresses that most affect agricultural production, especially in arid and semi-arid regions; however, among species there are large differences in salt tolerance. In this study, the effects of salinity on the growth and accumulation of organic and inorganic solutes were evaluated in ‘noni’ seedlings at 1, 10, 20, 30 and 40 days of salt stress in a 5 x 2 completely randomized...

Author(s): Alide Mitsue Watanabe Cova, André Dias de Azevedo Neto, Rogério Ferreira Ribas, Hans Raj Gheyi and Renata Velasques Menezes

Effect of nitrogen and potassium fertilization on morpho-agronomic traits of three elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) genotypes for biomass production

October 2016

Elephant grass has been proposed for the energy sector as a possible source of renewable energy, because of its high biomass production. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the mineral nutrients nitrogen and potassium on the morpho-agronomic traits (dry mater yield (DMY), percentage of DM (%DM), number of tillers per linear meter (NT), plant height (PH), stem diameter (SD) and leaf blade width (LW)) in...

Author(s): Antonio Alonso Cecon Novo, Rogério Figueiredo Daher, Geraldo de Amaral Gravina, Ernany Santos Costa, Juares Ogliari, Kleberson Cordeiro Araújo, Bruna Rafaela da Silva Menezes, Niraldo José Ponciano, Érik da Silva Oliveira and Verônica Britos Silva

Study of associative effects of date palm leaves mixed with Aristida pungens and Astragalus gombiformis on the aptitudes of ruminal microbiota in small ruminants

October 2016

The objectives of this trial were to evaluate interactions between microbial degradation of three substrates: date palm leaves as tannin-rich substrate, Astragalus gombiformis (as nitrogen source) and Aristida pungens (as carbon source). The model included the principal effects of single substrate and mixtures of multiple interactions. The forages were fermented alone or mixed with date palm leaves in various...

Author(s): Deffairi Djamila and Arhab Rabah

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