African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4131

AJBM Articles

Perceived Egypt's destination image by Chinese university students

November 2013

Destination image is commonly accepted as an important aspect in successful tourism management and destination marketing. It is crucially important to recognize the tourists’ perceived images since it affects the individual’s subjective perception and consequent behavior and destination choice. A destination can realize its full tourism potential only once it has a favorable image. This importance has led to...

Author(s): Tamer Hamdy Abd El Latif Ayad and Ye Shujun

Cost, revenue and profit efficiency in supply chain

November 2013

A supply chain is a set of suppliers, manufactures and distributors, which are linked together. The first chain is a supplier and the last one is customers. What is the most important in supply chain are high- quality products by the least cost and the most benefit. In this regard, each input and output and intermediate have unit price and unit cost information. The cost-minimization and the profit-maximization are a...

Author(s): Sh. Banihashem, M.Sanei and Z. Mohamadian Manesh

A conceptual framework for concurrent implementation of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) and KM (Knowledge Management): A fuzzy TOPSIS method

November 2013

Both Knowledge Management (KM) and Enterprise Recourse Planning (ERP) play crucial roles in organizations. There has been an increasing demand to implement both systems concurrently. The key characteristics of ERP and KM are quite different in their orientation; however, ERP systems focus primarily on managing physical assets while KM systems focus on leveraging innovation and utilizing knowledge assets. Because both...

Author(s): Golnaz Azhdari, Fariborz Mousaviadani and Mahdi ZareBahramabadi

Analysis of the effects of Islamic Azad University of Khomeini Shahr on economical affairs of local women

November 2013

Promoting education, economical, cultural level of society is a basic function of education institutions and universities. In this way, Islamic Azad University in addition to state universities plays a main role in two last decades. In this research, consequences of establishing Islamic Azad University of Khomeini Shahr on economical affairs of women in Khomeini Shahr have been investigated. Research method is a...

Author(s): Batoul Aminjafari and Mohammad Reza Iravani

Lead Lag Relationship and Price Discovery in Turkish Stock Exchange and Futures Markets

November 2013

In perfectly efficient financial markets, new information should be impounded simultaneously into the cash and futures markets. Real world institutional factors, however, often create an emprical lead-lag relationship between alternative securities price changes. Current futures prices in one futures market would lead the change of current spot prices. Price discovery can be defined as lead-lag relationship and...

Author(s): H. Kemal Ilter and Ayhan Alguner

A preliminary investigation of factors influencing consumer adoption of online transactions in Malaysia

November 2013

Information technology is fundamentally changing business transaction worldwide. The advent of internet transaction offers business firms a new frontier of opportunities and challenges. An understanding of how demographic characteristics and socialfactors influence the adoption of online transaction can allow firms to create solutions and plans to attract consumers to their services, thus enabling them to gain a greater...

Author(s): Abdullah Farah Ahmed, Abdullahi Sirad Jamal, Mohd Mansor Ismail and Golnaz  Rezai

Dividend Policy, Cash Flow, and Investment in Tehran Stock Exchange

October 2013

The study aims to know the relationship between dividend policy, cash flow and investment of firms. For this, 100 firms from stock Tehran exchange during 2002-2008 were investigated. In this research the year 2006 is the base year of dividend policy identification. The firms were divided into three kinds: Dividend increase, dividend decrease and no dividend change. The results of Wilcoxon test...

Author(s): Ebrahim Abbasi and Behrooz Ebrahimzadeh

Evolution of national-international trade in the period before the economic and financial crisis for selected economies

October 2013

The world economy has evolved in recent years amid some obvious inequalities and disparities nationally manifested on different levels, including the participation in international trade. This study took into account the two ways of approach, namely: evaluation and analysis of existing differences between the countries participating in global trade, on the one hand and development of a...

Author(s): Lucia Paliu – Popa and Ana - Gabriela Babucea

Comparative study of the social effects of 5 and 6 days work on individuals

October 2013

The main agenda behind this study is to know about the impact of work life on social life that is, to make comparison between two categories of people working 5 and 6 days a week. The impact will be seen on both males and females. It is the general observation and has also been proved that the person who works for 5 days a week is more relaxed and congenial to social life than one who works for...

Author(s): Rashid Saeed, Rana Nadir Idrees, Asad

Regression Equation Fitted to Knowledge Management and Organizational Effectiveness in the Selected Sport Organizations of Iran

October 2013

This study aims at regression equations fitted to knowledge management and organizational effectiveness in the selected sport organizations of Iran knowledge management processes to determine the impact on organizational effectiveness. Method of this research is descriptive – surveying and for the analysis was used of Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and then multi-variants regression, Pearson and...

Author(s): Mojtaba Reisi, Seyed Emad Hoseini, Mehdi Talebpour, Vahid Nazari

Strategies of National Petrochemical Company of Iran

October 2013

In strategic planning goals, policies and strategies of the organization are determined considering aspirations, mission and the underlying values along with the determination of internal strong and weak points of the organization and threats and opportunities arising from environmental factors. The researches consider some advantages for strategic thinking and deep commitment toward strategic management process,...

Author(s): Hossein Esmaeili Shahmirzadi

An empirical investigation of tax buoyancy in Kenya

October 2013

Revenue mobilization is an important goal of tax reform. Thus, tax buoyancy constitutes an essential ingredient for tax policy formulation. This paper utilized a time series approach to estimate tax buoyancy for Kenya for the period 1999/2000 to 2010/2011. Tax buoyancies were computed for income, import, excise, Value Added Tax (VAT) and total taxes. Specifically, the paper examined the buoyancies of tax revenues to...

Author(s): Mary Mawia and Joseph Nzomoi

Profitability of the informal cross-border trade: A case study of four selected borders of Botswana

October 2013

In this study, the views of 520 informal cross border traders, obtained using systematic sampling and snow ball techniques from four selected border posts in Botswana, were used to show how profitable ICBT is. The results of the analysis show that the monthly profit generated by ICB traders is over ten times the minimum wage of workers in Botswana and gross profit margin from this trade is 54.99%. Whereas about two...

Author(s): Njoku Ola Ama, Kagiso T. Mangadi, Francis N. Okurut and Helen A. Ama

Shared Leadership and Team Effectiveness: Moderating Effects of Task Interdependence

October 2013

This study investigates the relationship and effect between the attitude about shared leadership and team effectiveness with two dimensions of task interdependence such as Received Task Interdependence (RTID) and Initiated Task Interdependence (ITID) tested for the potential moderating effects on the relationship. Research hypotheses were developed and tested using regression analysis. To test the hypotheses, we...

Author(s): Ullah S. M. Ebrahim Ullah and Dong Soo Park

Quality dimension evaluation of a public health network in South Region of Sao Paulo City, in Brazil

October 2013

This research aimed to evaluate the quality of health services provided by public network, in the south region of Sao Paulo city in Brazil, by the perspective of patients’ satisfaction. The field research involved 80 high-risk pregnant women because they used all kinds of health units that make up the Brazilian Unified Health Services System in this region. The research model was adapted to cover the last five...

Author(s): Andréa Cristina Micchelucci Malanga, Roberto Bernardes and Suzana Bierrenbach de Souza Santos

Exploring dynamic capabilities of executives for core strategy

October 2013

Whether a solar product maker is able to achieve sustainable and competitive effectiveness depends on the dynamic capabilities of its executives. This study used various methods to establish the dynamic capabilities and components of executives in resource-based view. The survey research was adopted to find out essential dynamic capabilities with 481 valid questionnaires retrieved at a 73.10% response rate. Thirty...

Author(s): Chi-Cheng Chang and Chin-Guo Kuo

Intellectual capital and technological advances in knowledge society: How are these concepts related?

October 2013

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between technological advances and intellectual capital improvement. Researches show that technological advances and intellectual capital have a strong relationship but this relationship has not been examined systematically. This paper reviews the important theoretical work in both streams of research, highlighting the fundamental similarities and differences....

Author(s): Hossein Karbasi Yazdi and Hassan Chenari

Analytic network process (ANP) approach for selecting strategies influencing the productivity of knowledge women workers

October 2013

It is commonly recognized that knowledge is the only source of core competence in the knowledge-based companies, but productivity rate of the knowledge women worker is always low. This study seeks to identify factors influencing productivity. In addition, it presents strategies that influence knowledge women workers’ productivity. Strategies were selected using the ANP approach. It is hoped that this paper will...

Author(s): Asadallah Najafi

Impact of Gender Diversity on Spiritual Leadership and Follower’s Need for Spiritual Survival/Well-being

October 2013

Gender diversity in organizations plays a very important role and greatly influences the leaders and followers behavior. The success of the organizations depends very much on its human resource team. The Leaders and followers play major role in any organizations. Due to this reason, the effect of gender related to leadership spirituality and follower’s need for spiritual survival is taking a much...

Author(s): Hina Ali, Muhammad Ishaque Fani, Huma Ali and Surriya Shahab

Research on diversity, conflicts and performance in creative team management

October 2013

As the global competition is increasingly intense, composition for team members tends to be more diverse. Besides, conflicts among team members are increasing gradually. So, team performance is greatly affected. This paper investigated 47 creative management teams according to 220 questionnaires. It studied the effect on team performance from diverse team compositions. Then, it took conflicts inside...

Author(s): Song Dongfeng

The Impact of Information and Communication Technology on Employment of Selected OIC Countries

October 2013

This paper investigates the extent to which ICT-related job creating activities is improving the employment situation of the people in developing economies. The paper focuses on the effects of information and communication technology (ICT) on the employment level of selected Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) countries and describes the different potential forms of influence that ICT can take...

Author(s): Hamid Sepehrdoust and Hossein Khodaee

Stressors Exploiting Teacher’s Satisfaction and Professional Commitment the key to reduce Job Burnout

October 2013

This study empirically investigates various stressors leading job stress that effect teachers in higher educational system of Pakistan. 166 higher educational faculty members of 17 public and private universities listed under federal region with Higher Education Commission of Pakistan have given their responses. Four determinants which are role conflict, role ambiguity, home-work interface and...

Author(s): Hina Shahab and Bakhtiar Ali

Enterprise related factors influencing entrepreneurial orientation: Evidence from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan

October 2013

This purpose of this study is to examine the association and influence of enterprise related factors on entrepreneurial orientation. Primary data were collected through self administered questionnaire with backup interview from two hundreds and nineteen randomly selected samples. Questionnaire was distributed among members registered with different (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Hazara and D.I.Khan) chambers...

Author(s): Hafiz Ullah, Zulqarnain Muhammad Ahmad and Sheikh Raheel Manzoor

Organization ethical business operations: Does it make a difference?

October 2013

Making wider the concept that ethical activities in business operations conducted by the organization can excel the organization performance is the core concept of this research study. Sample of different organization predicts that ethical practices of enterprises were vital for their expansion. Organizations that promote the culture of ethics in its operation enjoy its everlasting fruits. Key words:...

Author(s): Fawad Aslam Khattak, Zafar Ul Haq, Muhammad Shahid Khan, Asad Khan, Arshad Zaheer and Kashif-ur-Rehman

International negotiations with Brazil: An essay about culture factor

October 2013

With the aim to present some salient aspects of the Brazilian culture and how they may affect the processes of international negotiations, the paper addressed the different approaches that point out the specific qualities and patterns of Brazilian negotiator. Based on the international negotiations principles and the role of culture, the study presents some of the most discussed theoretical frameworks that investigate...

Author(s): Emerson Wagner Mainardes, António João Nunes and Paulo Pinheiro

Music piracy behaviors of university students in view of consumption value

October 2013

This research mainly aimed to explore the opinions of university students to music piracy. The research is operated by means of questionnaire surveys to gather data with 211 valid replies received. As research results indicated, quality value is significantly infeuenced on economical value.  Quality value, social values and epistemic value will directly affect to download attitude.   Key words: music...

Author(s): Chih-Chung Chen

Applying 6-sigma methodology to reduce burglary on campus

October 2013

This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of burglary on campus. A DMAIC model of six sigma was done to decrease burglary rate on campus. The model systematically defines five stages of definition, measurement, analysis, and control as the step of execution. And through measurement, we quantify stolen equipment. Improvement strategy is further proposed via the result acquired from tool analysis. The...

Author(s): C. S. Shyu, C. M. Shin, K. M. Cheng and C. H. Hsu

Entrepreneurial characteristics among university students: Implications for entrepreneurship education and training in Pakistan

October 2013

Purpose-This study aims to explore the entrepreneurship profile of the Pakistan university students (Peshawar region) and evaluates their entrepreneurial inclination by making comparison with non-entrepreneurially inclined students. In this study the entrepreneurial profile of the students is constituted by six traits namely need for achievement, innovativeness, locus of control, risk taking propensity, tolerance for...

Author(s): Muhammad Zaman

An assessment of multi-channel retailing among retailers in Cape Town, South Africa

October 2013

Multi-channel retailing appears to hold potential benefits for retailers of all kind, but the awareness and access to available retail channels have not been obvious to all. This paper investigated the potential of multiple channel use among different retailers in Cape Town, in reaching potential customers and doing business with existing customers.  In this regard, we presented and deployed a 12-channel typology...

Author(s): Edward Naa Dakora and Andy Bytheway

Motives in implementing Green Productivity among EMS 14001 certified companies in Malaysia

October 2013

Going ‘Green’ is fast becoming a trend and necessity in today’s business worldwide. This is simply because, business is indirectly or directly giving a huge negative impact towards our environment by depleting these natural resources in the process of producing goods and services. A way to reverse the negative effect, the concept of ‘Green Productivity’ (GP) was introduced. This research is...

Author(s): S. MJ Logaa and Suhaiza Zailani

United States of America FDI and trade as complementory or subsittute for Pakistan

October 2013

The aim of study is the empirical investigation that FDI and trade is complemented or substitute for Pakistan. We also analyzed the country characteristics like the lack of capital and comparative advantage and abundance of labor. The effect of FDI on trade has been observed by dividing the FDI in industry and manufacturing sectors. We will use the secondary data for the variables selected of host country Pakistan...

Author(s): Muhammad Azeem

Performance analysis model of productive local arrangements by the relationship between conditions and territorial indicators

October 2013

The main source of competitiveness are the elements of trust and cooperation between companies, obtained through close relations of economic, social, and community nature. Therefore, this type of territorial manifestation is determined not only by the characteristics of the physical environment, but also by cultural, social and historical characteristics present in a geographically defined area. However, there are few...

Author(s): Cardoso, Amilton Fernando, Mendonça, Fabrício Molica and Cabral, Arnoldo Souza

Predicting corporate distress in the Nigerian stock market: Neural network versus multiple discriminant analysis

October 2013

The objective of the paper is to assess the quality of neural networks in predicting distress as against discriminant analysis and its applications in enhancing managers’ decision. Forty four firms listed on the Nigerian Stock Market between 1987 and 2006 are used for the study.  The performance of neural network is then compared with the more familiar discriminant analysis statistical technique, and the...

Author(s): Peter Omohezuaun Eriki and Ralph Udegbunam

Determinants of credit rationing to the private sector in Ghana

October 2013

This study is designed to investigate the rationing behavior of some Commercial banks in Ghana, by looking at the effect of chosen variables on the amount of loan realized even in the era of interest rate liberalization. A single equation model involving a categorical random dependent variable, being the amount of loan realized and security value, interest rate, the value of assets, the value of collateral security, net...

Author(s): Anthony K. Ahiawodzi and Frank Gyimah Sackey

Financial management practices and business performance of small and medium enterprises in western Uganda

October 2013

Small and medium Enterprises are seen as a driving force for the promotion of an economy. The purpose of the study was to establish the relationship between financial management practices and business performance of SMEs in western Uganda with a view to establishing a coherent model directed at improving business performance and it was hypothesized that financial management practices positively influences Business...

Author(s): Abanis Turyahebwa, Arthur Sunday and Derick Ssekajugo

Group loans repayment problems of women borrowers

October 2013

Economic growth and development is a dream without having well focused and effective strategies to eradicate poverty through extending credits to women. The mobilization of funds comes directly from the participant’s savings and therefore the use of funds is under group scrutiny.  This paper aims to examine the repayment problems of women borrowers of microfinance. A sample of 100 respondents comprising 20...

Author(s): Umara Noreen and M. Iqbal Saif

A study of filial piety practice in Malaysia: Relationship between financial well-being and filial piety

October 2013

The study examined children’s filial responsibilities as contributing to retirement financial planning. There was a 53.9% return rate from 750 survey questionnaires. Seven hypotheses were analysed using hierarchical regression/ordinary regression/stepwise regression analyses. The results revealed that, from children’s perspective, the more they were in contact with parents, the more support they would give...

Author(s): LooSee, BEH and Jee Yoong, FOLK

Estimating the Impact of a COMESA Customs Union on Zimbabwe Using a Tariff Reform Impact Simulation Tool (TRIST)

October 2013

The implications of the formation of a customs union on revenue and welfare of a country are ambiguous and depend on a number of factors.  The theoretical ambiguities give rise to the need for empirical studies that generate information for a particular customs union that is under consideration. Zimbabwe is among the COMESA member states that are actively participating in the preparations for the implementation of...

Author(s): Gift Mugano, Michael Brookes and Pierre Le Roux

Study on the foreign investment preferential policy formulated by host country

October 2013

The author makes use of the modern economic theories and methods to construct a theoretical framework for game analysis that centers on the creation and distribution of return on transnational corporations’ investment; thereby interprets the formulation and implementation of host country’s foreign investment policy and reinforces the existing theories and, on the other hand, analyzes the investment behavior...

Author(s): Chen-Kuo Lee

The effect of information and communication technology (ICT) application in the shoes industry

October 2013

This article analyses some problem of supply Chain management issues for Tabriz – Tehran-Kurdistan and Esfahan (IRAN) firms operating in the shoes industry. The producing companies were experiencing considerable problems in the management of supplier relationships, as well as in the commercial distributive Channel. The case study presented the critical point in the set up of the supply Chain management planning,...

Author(s): Fakhredin Maroofi

Product market competition, controlling shareholders’ tendency, and cash dividends policy: Empirical analysis based on Chinese listed companies

October 2013

Based on unbalanced panel dates of 4060 companies listed from 2003 - 2007 in Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Markets, this paper empirically studies the degree of product market competition, the relationship between cash dividends distribution tendency and cash dividends policy. Results show that controlling shareholders have significant motivation to distribute cash dividends, and this kind of incentive is not...

Author(s): Xiao-hong Chen, Fu-qiang Wang and Yu Cao

Growth pattern, reforms and operational innovations in Indian banking

October 2013

Banks play very dynamic role in economic development of a country by identifying profitable activities, exerting corporate governance and extending credit to corporate world. Initially, Government of India has nationalized the banks to meet the diversified development needs of the country. But with the initiation of liberalization, privatization and globalization process, the Indians banks have undergone rigorous...

Author(s): Shabana Haque and R.K.Maheshwari

The Impact of Monetary and Non-Monetary Rewards on Motivation among Lower Level Employees in Selected Retail Shops

October 2013

The present study investigated the effects of monetary and non-monetary rewards on motivation with respect to lower level employees in the retail industry. An empirical investigation was undertaken using a sample of fifty (50) lower level employees drawn using the random sampling technique. A questionnaire adjusted to suit the retailing environment was employed to collect data. The findings of the study indicated a...

Author(s): Martha Harunavamwe  and  Herbert Kanengoni

Investment in swiftlet hotels in Malaysia – Does ROI compensate investment risks?

October 2013

Swiftlet hotels have become increasingly popular in the real estate industry today due to its high return on investment (ROI). This research has proven that a standard 20 x 70 feet shop is able to generate a net income of approximately RM10,000 to RM20,000 per month from sales of 2 to 4 kg bird nests. In about 15 months, a three storey shop house with a base value of RM360, 000 could appreciate up to RM750, 000 in...

Author(s): Anuar Alias, Ang Yew Poh, Nurul Zahirah M.A and Mokhtar Azizi M.D

The impact of non-accrued contingent liability on the equity market value of Brazilian companies

October 2013

This study investigates the relation between equity market value and nonaccrued contingent liability that is disclosed in the footnotes but it is not recognized in net income. The analyses focus on whether the prices of shares in the stock market and the return’s expectation of market react by the disclosure of non-accrued contingent liability in footnotes. 3.180 footnotes were analyzed from periods 2006 to 2010...

Author(s): Amaury José Rezende, Flávia Zóboli Dalmácio and Frederico Nilsen

The measurement of productivity growth and benchmarking in the academic departments

October 2013

The purpose of this paper is to analyze efficiency, measuring productivity growth of the academic departments and benchmarking for them. Efficiency measures are calculated by a non-parametric approach known as data envelopment analysis (DEA). Productivity is measured by the Malmquist index. The paper shows how DEA-based Malmquist productivity index can be employed to evaluate the technology and productivity changes...

Author(s): Mohammad Mahallati Rayeni and Faranak Hosseinzadeh Saljooghi

The effect of health expenditure on economic growth in Iran

October 2013

In this paper, equivalence relation and long term of five variables gross domestic product growth rate, the ratio of health expenditure to GDP, the ratio of investment to GDP, population growth, growth rate of graduates  and also their influences on each other in Iran from 1973-2008 were analyzed. For this purpose vector autoregressive model (VAR) was used. First, stability of variables was examined by...

Author(s): Mehdi Safdari, Masoud Abouie­­ Mehrizi and Marzie Elahi

Double loop strategy management: implementing BSC as a linkage between strategic development and implementation

October 2013

Organizations are required to produce goods and services at a low cost, with high quality and with fast and flexible responsiveness to customer’s needs. So it is necessary for the firms to know the situation of things and what strategy can improve it. The aim of this study is to determine optimal strategy. In this study we used BSC, double loop strategy management and SMART technique to determine the optimal...

Author(s): Mohsen Alvandi, Mostafa Memarzade, Elham Ravasizadeh, Reza Kiani Mavi

Measuring the performance of contractors in government construction projects in developing countries: Uganda’s context

October 2013

Traditionally, the success of projects is measured on time, cost and quality parameters; although, most construction projects in Uganda have not performed well on each of these parameters. In this paper, we identify important indicators that are useful for measuring contractors’ performance in Uganda’s context. The paper develops a simple performance measurement framework for measuring performance of...

Author(s): Benon C. Basheka and Milton Tumutegyereize

The role of market liquidity, information efficiency on stock market performance: Empirical evidence from Uganda stock exchange

October 2013

The purpose of this study is to examine the role of Market Liquidity, Information Efficiency on Stock Market Performance in Uganda. The research design adopted was cross-sectional and quantitative. Data were collected from 66 respondents from a sample of 80 investors, brokers and staff of Uganda stock exchange. We performed a Pearson correlation and multiple regressions in the analysis of data. The study posts a...

Author(s): Rogers Mwesigwa, Sulait Tumwine and Edson R. Atwine

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