African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4137

AJBM Articles

Measuring employee performance in Gweru and Kwekwe city councils in midlands province, Zimbabwe

August 2018

For organizations to measure the performance of its employees there is a need to have key performance indicators and performance standards set.  The current study at Gweru and Kwekwe City Councils in Zimbabwe assessed eight (8) performance aspects, which are quality work, employee output, communication and dependability (customer), controlling of costs (financial), planning, team working, problem solving and...

Author(s): Vonai Chirasha, Crispen Chipunza and Lewis Dzimbiri  

How do teams become effective? A literature review and implication for Ethiopia

August 2018

Teams have been recognized as the heart of organizations in previous decades and proved to be so in the current situation. However, in recent years different global forces have pushed organizations to their limit and forced them to restructure work and teams. Thus, this paper reviews articles on team effectiveness from 2000 to 2017 with the help of Google Scholar Search Engine using key words “teamwork” and...

Author(s): Mohammed Abdulnasir Abdulmelike

The innovation of local public-sector companies: Processing big data for transparency and accountability

August 2018

New Public Governance (Klijn, 2008) is the basis for our analysis of the group of public-sector and public service companies. It has furthered the involvement of citizens and of political governance in the management of resources (Boston and Pallot, 1997; Northcott et al., 2012). In order to manage the group while remaining accountable and guiding production choices, it is essential to have an overview and a guarantee...

Author(s): Paolo Pietro Biancone, Silvana Secinaro and Valerio Brescia  

Determinants of growth of private investment in Jimma City, Ethiopia

August 2018

Private investment is one of the mainsprings of economic growth. Jimma city has been identified as the low private investment activities in the development and growth of the economy. Thus, the objective of this study is to explain the determinants of private investment in the city. In an attempt to achieve this objective, data was collected through self-administered questionnaire from 171 sample respondents through a...

Author(s): Tigist Waktole and Mekonnen Bogale  

Move your Business Forward with Harvard

August 2018

The CEIBS-Harvard Executive Program celebrated its 2nd Edition with the slogan: Move your business forward with Harvard. Executives can move their businesses forward through this annual executive program. The program took place from July 21st to 27th, 2018, at the Harvard Faculty Club in the prestigious city of Cambridge, Massachusetts.  

Author(s): Marisa del Pozo Lite  

Untangling the concept of entrepreneurship towards a common perspective

July 2018

There continues to be a lack of a commonly agreed perspective of entrepreneurship despite the concept being studied for a long period of time. Definitions of the concept and constructs of study in the field have depended on the researcher’s conceptualisation of what constitutes entrepreneurship and as a result there are variations in the study focus and measurement of entrepreneurship. An analysis of literature...

Author(s): Charles Mwatsika, Patrick Kambewa and Levison Chiwaula  

Pathways to the poor in Swaziland: What is the nature of micro insurance channels and distribution strategy?

July 2018

When distribution is neglected, micro insurance fails. This considered, the objective of this study was twofold – to explore the nature of micro insurance distribution channels and to understand the distribution strategy of a commercial insurance company in Swaziland. Using interviews with the senior managers of a commercial insurer and its distribution partners, this study generated in-depth qualitative data on...

Author(s): M. Kanyangale and M. Lukhele  

Modelling the relationship between innovation, strategy, strategic human resource management and organisation competitiveness

July 2018

Several studies have been conducted to establish the link between strategy, human resource management (HRM) practices and organisation performance, yet no study has explored the alignment between strategy, innovation, strategic HRM and their impacts on organisation competitiveness. Therefore, the present study sets out to align strategy, innovation, strategic human resource management (SHRM) and organisation...

Author(s): J. E. Agolla  

Prototyping an innovative e-platform of financial assistance for small medium enterprises in Mauritius

July 2018

The SMEs form a vibrant pillar of the Mauritian economy through their important contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth and socio-economic development. SMEs are recognized for their significance and their resilience in responding to fast changing conditions, even in times of the economic downturn. This paper aims to address financial illiteracy among Mauritian SMEs by proposing an integrated financial...

Author(s): Padachi K., Narrainen D. and Boolaky A.  

Attaining competitive advantage through energy efficiency: A cooperative strategic perspective

July 2018

The Kenyan economy in the recent past has witnessed a considerable exit of multinational companies due to high-energy costs. Similarly, a comparative analysis among the East African community partners places the country among the list of those nations with high-energy charges levied on consumers. This phenomenon disadvantages the competitiveness of local industries while discouraging potential players. This is...

Author(s): Kiptum Henry Yatich  

Diversity management discourse: An African perspective

July 2018

This paper reviews the concept of diversity across selected sub-Saharan Africa countries. It focuses on the impact of social relations that depict cultural and social identities of individuals within these African countries. This is with the aim to help corporations develop diversity management strategies for their workforce. Consequently, this narrative paper adopts a qualitative approach, a literature survey that...

Author(s): Loliya Akobo and Osikwemhe Damisah  

Does sustainability foster the cost of equity reduction? The relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and riskiness worldwide

June 2018

The relationship between sustainable practices and a firm’s financial performance is an open debate among academics, managers and investors worldwide. Despite large literature in the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate financial performance (CFP), there is still a lack of unanimous consensus around the impact of sustainability on a firm’s economic achievements. This study aims to...

Author(s): Antonio Salvi, Felice Petruzzella and Anastasia Giakoumelou  

Realizing energy management practices as a competitive strategy among manufacturing firms in Kenya: An alternative outlook

June 2018

The Kenya’s Energy Management Regulations (2012) spells out a raft of actions that consumers of electricity and petroleum products can implement so as to enhance energy efficiency, reduction of energy costs and creation of surplus for distribution. However, few manufacturing companies have carried out implementation. The regulations create avenues for enforcements and promotion of energy management practices...

Author(s): Kiptum Henry Yatich  

Innovation team composition: The enabling role of the individual emotive outlook

June 2018

Despite increased attention to innovation teams in the workplace, composition criteria for implementation success remain unclear. This paper aims to provide a multi-disciplinary perspective on the psychological characteristics of innovation team members. This pragmatic, mixed-method convergent parallel design study examines and compares the emotive outlook profiles and patterns of successful and unsuccessful innovation...

Author(s): Christina Swart-Opperman and Kurt April

The value relevance of consolidated and separate financial statements: Are non-controlling interests relevant?

June 2018

This paper aims to analyze the value relevance of financial statements prepared according to International Accounting Standards (IAS)/International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The study focuses on two of the different sets of accounts presented by companies: the parent company financial statement and the consolidated version. We have developed a panel data from a sample of Italian listed companies by...

Author(s): Francesco Sotti  

Gender balance on boards and corporate sustainability for the 2030 Agenda

June 2018

The top management characteristics can have an impact on corporate strategic goals and actions. The board diversity, with particular reference to gender issue, can influence Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and company’s strategies toward a business model more oriented to sustainability. According to this this theoretical framework, two issues about women on boards and CSR are presented in this study: the...

Author(s): Francesca Gennari  

Effect of e-tax filing on tax compliance: A case of clients in Harare, Zimbabwe

June 2018

There is underutilisation of electronic tax filing systems in tax agencies despite presence of electronic tax administration systems. The objective of this study was to find how this has influenced tax compliance. Data collection was mainly through a questionnaire. Analysis of data was done through SPSS Version 20 and Excel. The study concluded that electronic filing system actually influences tax compliance. The study...

Author(s): Sifile Obert, Kotsai Rodgers, Mabvure Joseph Tendai and Chavunduka Desderio  

Influence of women entrepreneurs’ characteristics on personal well-being in Arumeru District in Tanzania

June 2018

This article tests the hypothesis that women entrepreneurs’ socio-economic and demographic characteristics have no significant influence on women’s personal well-being, using quantitative approach with a random sample of 180 women. The article adopts the cross-sectional research design using a structured questionnaire administered to women entrepreneurs. Non-entrepreneurs were also involved for comparison...

Author(s): Samwel J. Kabote  

Effect of European audit firms on cost of debt and earnings management in private clients’ audit market segment

June 2018

This research studies the relation between audit firm choice and benefits that companies could gain in terms of lower cost of debt and ea rnings management. It focuses on private clients and the non-Big4 audit market segment, where the main driver of auditor choice has not to date been satisfactorily identified. This study identifies and tests a new criterion for auditor choice in private firms based on audit market...

Author(s): Stefano Azzali and Tatiana Mazza  

Financing challenges of smallholder farmers: A study on members of agricultural cooperatives in Southwest Oromia Region, Ethiopia

May 2018

Smallholder agriculture plays a great role in food self-sufficiency, employment creation and economic growth. However, studies conducted in Ethiopia indicated that access to finance and input/output marketing are two of the critical problems affecting the productivity of smallholder agriculture in the country in general and in Oromia regional state in particular. The main objective of this study is to investigate how...

Author(s): Deresse Mersha and Zerihun Ayenew  

The joined-up strategic planning of cultural service provision: What are the routes of accountability?

May 2018

The debate on accountability in collaborative working for public service delivery is still opened. However, the literature shows research challenges in extending knowledge on critical issues on routes in which accountability are adopted in the Joined-Up Government. This is the reason why public management literature focused on case studies within joined-up services provision. Notwithstanding, an extended understanding...

Author(s): Michela Magliacani  

Determinants of risk disclosures in Kenyan listed companies

May 2018

The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between risk disclosure and firm characteristics of companies quoted on the Nairobi Securities Market. The study involved all firms that were listed on the NSE between years 2010 and 2016, except the financial institutions. Annual reports were used to determine the variables. A regression analysis was conducted using the random effect model to determine...

Author(s): Muturi Wachira  

Key factors affecting deviant workplace behavior

May 2018

Deviant behaviors manifest in many organizations and all occupations. Deviant behaviors in the workplace may originate from organizational norms and proclivities for self-benefit. The organizational culture influences employees’ attitudes. Employees internalize the organizational culture, which transforms their personal attitudes and influences their positive and negative behaviors towards the organization. This...

Author(s): Shao-Ping Wang, Miao-Sheng Chen and Mou-Jian Li  

Forecasting and preventing bankruptcy: A conceptual review

May 2018

The recent global financial crisis has caused the failure of many firms in several countries, renewing the interest of the literature towards forecasting models for default risk. Although these models have been developed since the 1960s, studies have been published in increased numbers during the last decades, proposing new approaches or comparing different existing models to understand which of them have the best...

Author(s): Marco Bisogno, Marialuisa Restaino and Alfonso Di Carlo  

Effects of employees’ commitment on organizational performance at Arjo Didessa Sugar Factory

May 2018

Presently, no organization can perform at peak levels unless each employee is committed to the organizations objectives. Hence, it is important to understand the concept of commitment and its feasible outcome. The employees in sugar industry play decisive role in transferring the theory to practical in order to enhance development of industry.  The objective of this study was to determine the effects of employee...

Author(s): Dinku Gilo Tolera  

The research of innovation efficiency of government’s fund and enterprises’ R&D investment in China

May 2018

In this paper, the panel data of China from 2003 to 2012 and stochastic frontier and threshold regression models were used to analyze the impact of government’s fund and enterprises’ research and development (R&D) investment on China’s innovation efficiency and the optimal intensity of different R&D investment and their interval analysis. This research indicates that in the process of...

Author(s): Xiaobing Liu, Manhong Liu and Rong Shi  

A study on the community online to offline (O2O) operation model in Nanjing

April 2018

This study aims to study the online to offline (O2O) operation pattern of Chinese E-commerce and its features; analyze the current development and existing problems of Chinese O2O operation pattern; and explore the domestic O2O development layout of communities in Nanjing. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses are applied in this work. For the quantitative analysis, questionnaire was distributed to some consumers...

Author(s): Jing Wei

Peer pressure and its influence on consumers in Taiwan

April 2018

The social influence in the form of peer pressure is prevalent in many countries across the globe. Peer pressure is the influence of a group on behaviors of individual members of that group such that the individuals tend to follow what everybody does. In the field of business, understanding consumer’s interest is of paramount importance and therefore understanding peer pressure can be a useful tool to persuade...

Author(s): Shu Chun Chang and Trong An Nguyen

Rigidity and performance threshold: How routinization process affects dynamic capabilities

April 2018

Dynamic capabilities view has been considered vital to the long-term survival and adaptation of organizations in dynamic environments. Although, rich literature has probed into how dynamic capabilities are able to address organizational inertia issues and facilitate change, there are still heated debates on questions on dynamic capabilities’ heterogeneity and performance. Current thinking was integrated in major...

Author(s): Qiguo Gong and Zhiyuan Shang

Is integrated reporting a new challenge for public sector entities?

April 2018

Integrated reporting (IR) is a new communication tool that is gaining increasing attention among scholars, practitioners, and standard setters in both the private and public sectors. Therefore, it is important to discuss the suitability of the framework proposed by the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC). This paper offers some reflections based on case studies of public entities that differ in terms of...

Author(s): Francesca Manes-Rossi

Effect of Chinese outward foreign direct investment on international trade of Africa

April 2018

This article aimed at analyzing the relationship between foreign direct investments from China and the international trade of African countries. International trade was found to be affected by the degree of openness of the economy, the level of exports and the level of imports. The findings were brought out by using a Vector Error Correction Model in a cylindrical panel of 52 African countries on a period going from...

Author(s): Wang Aihu and Adolphe Bertrand Chedjou

Sustainable entrepreneurship intention among university students in Uganda: A conceptual paper

March 2018

Entrepreneurship is significant in transformation towards a sustainable future. Sustainable entrepreneurship intention aims at establishing businesses that balance the triple bottom line of economic, social and environmental aspects. Such businesses minimize environment degradation, pollution, resource scarcity and social challenges while enabling entrepreneurs to maximize profits. In developing countries such as...

Author(s): Kasimu Sendawula, Peter Turyakira and Christopher Alioni  

Public owned enterprises in Italy: A hybrid nature for a hybrid regime of over -compliance

March 2018

The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of play regarding Italian Government strategy for preventing and combating corruption in Public Owned Enterprises (POEs). That is a special case since it implies the application of a hybrid regime of over compliance. On one hand, POEs must comply with Legislative Decree no. 231 of 2001 as private organization, on the other hand POEs must comply with Law No 190/2012 as...

Author(s): Pietro Previtali, Andrea Zatti and Danila Scarozza  

Two case studies to explore pros/cons and to assess applicability of Nexus maturity model

March 2018

Nexus maturity model, which is created as a structured gradual guideline for the companies wishing to adopt Nexus framework, is a new model, so the main purpose of this paper is to assess the model. Moreover, to explore pros and cons of the model to enlighten the researchers and implementers in the industry is aimed. Two case studies were conducted to collect data and to test three hypotheses. The second case study was...

Author(s): Purnur Firat and Esin Can

Social impact and evaluation: A rational management theory approach

March 2018

Organization and person have a theoretical and ontological link; being the first teleological extension of the latter, it is impossible to think of one without the other. In a similar way, the complex of economy itself cannot overlook the needs of the person and seek for the reach of maximization results with unhesitating self-interest. In this paper, it is argued that every organization is born to satisfy...

Author(s): Alessandro Migliavacca, Christian Rainero, Luigi Puddu and Giuseppe Modarelli  

The development of management skills for effective church management in pastoral preparation programs in Zimbabwe

March 2018

The paper focuses on the development of management skills for effective church management in pastoral preparation programs in Zimbabwe, and underscores the need for the use of secular principles and practices in church management. It identifies the management challenges faced by the pastors, explores the extent to which management skills are being developed in pastoral preparation programs, and looks into alternative...

Author(s): Florence Chatira and Judith Mwenje  

The role of service attributes in customer satisfaction: An analysis of classified hotels in Cameroon

February 2018

This study aims to evaluate the influence of service dimensions’ satisfaction on hotel guest’s overall satisfaction. Confronting the theory originally stated with the specificity of satisfaction in the hotel sector, we developed hypotheses linking each of the service dimensions with overall satisfaction declared by the consumer. The data collected with a questionnaire were analyzed through a series of...

Author(s): Nkene Ndeme Richard, Nkiendem Felix, Essomme Innocent and Fokeng Sylvie  

Does the market reward integrated report quality?

February 2018

Although some studies show the benefits of adopting integrated reporting (IR), its real value has not yet been sufficiently investigated. As integrated reporting development implies high costs for the company, the management has to evaluate the economic advantage of such investment. This study aims to establish whether a high quality IR influences firm market value. Specifically, we investigate whether shareholders take...

Author(s): Simona Cosma, Maria Gaia Soana and Andrea Venturelli  

Using decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) to explore the key success factors for green logistics manufacturers

February 2018

With the rapid development of global economic integration, many enterprises outsource their logistics to vendors to centrally develop their own core interests. Secondly, the emphasis on sustainability makes people pay more attention on a series of environmental problems arising in logistics. Green logistics enterprises not only improve their economic efficiency, but also enhance their competitiveness and optimize their...

Author(s): Shih-Hsiung Cheng, Shih Ming Ou and Su-Mei Lin  

Job embeddedness and employee performance in selected oil and gas companies in Bayelsa state of Nigeria

January 2018

Despite the relatively high pay employees receive in oil and gas companies in Bayelsa State, some seem not to be happy about the uncertainty in their work environment. This is possibly the reason why the employees in this industry do not look back when they get job offers outside the community. This problem prompted this study on the extent to which job embeddedness correlates with performance of employee in selected...

Author(s): Onyeizugbe Chinedu Uzochukwu, Orogbu Lilian Obiageli, Obuebite Robinson Jonathan, and Enaini Stella Olohi  

Business strategy and environmental practices: Evidence in the sugarcane energy sector in Brazil

January 2018

One of the main concerns of this study is to translate environmental practices into strategic actions. This paper aims to analyze how a representative segment of the Brazilian agribusiness, the Mato Grosso do Sul sugarcane industry, is dealing with environmental management at the strategic level. Three data sources were used, which are: semi-structured interviews, questionnaire, and a review of documents and reports....

Author(s): Mary Fernanda Sousa Melo, Renato Luiz Sproesser, Willerson Lucas Campos-Silva and Roberta Souza  

Business development and sustainability of selected petrol stations in Anambra state of Nigeria

January 2018

The essence of most investments is quality return. Continuous quality returns are guaranteed by patronages enjoyed by the investment, this therefore sustains the business. Hardly has this been achieved by most patrol stations that litter the roads of Anambra state of Nigeria due to the location of such businesses. Pursuant to the aforementioned problem, the study seeks to ascertain the extent to which business...

Author(s): Onyeizugbe C. Uzochukwu, Orogbu O. Lilian, Onyilofor T. Uchenna and Ugbomhe O. Ugbomhe

Determinant of financial performance of commercial banks in Ethiopia: Special emphasis on private commercial banks

January 2018

This study aims at examining the determinants of the financial performance of private commercial banks in Ethiopia. The study uses secondary data for eight private banks which are in the industry for more than ten years. These banks are chosen from sixteen private commercial banks which are currently functional in Ethiopia banking industry. The data for this study is obtained from annual reports of the banks, minutes...

Author(s): Elshaday Teshome Kenenisa Debela and Mohammed Sultan

Expected cost of financial distress in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs): A German-Italian comparison

January 2018

This study aims to identify a number of qualitative and quantitative elements that affect financial distress costs between Italian and German small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). We propose a model that interprets “expected costs” as the product between “expected financial distress likelihood” and “total amount of financial distress costs due to insolvency”. The model is...

Author(s): Andrea Quintiliani

Relationship between intangible assets and financial performance of listed telecommunication firms in China, based on empirical analysis

December 2017

This paper follows an empirical approach to test the relationship between degree of intangible assets and profitability. It is important for shareholders to understand which critical factors influence firms’ financial performance. All the data are based on 17 listed telecommunication firms’ financial statements in China from 2014 to 2016. This study gives empirical evidence that intangible assets’...

Author(s): Nijun Zhang

Exploring the connection between relational capital and female entrepreneurs

December 2017

Among intangible assets of contemporary companies, relational capital (RC) is a relevant strategic asset as well as a dimension of intellectual capital. In this scenario, micro-enterprises are key drivers of economic growth, and woman entrepreneurs are key developers of these businesses. So, the purpose of this study is to carry out a literature review analyzing how RC contributes to the startup phase of women-owned...

Author(s): Paola Paoloni and Rosa Lombardi

The contribution of the African capital markets in the diversification of investment global portfolios

December 2017

This study aims to evaluate the contribution of the African capital markets in the diversification of investment global portfolios. The study used the methodology based on the application of optimization models like mean variance (MV), resample michaud (RM), semi variance (SV), mean absolute deviation (MAD), and filtered historical simulation (FHS). In-sample and out-of-sample approaches were used to analyze the data....

Author(s): Alexandrino Barreto

The odyssey of South African multinational corporations (MNCs) and their impact on the Southern African development community (SADC)

December 2017

It has been observed that the pressures of globalisation and the lure for increased profitability have continued to motivate South African multinational companies (MNCs) to invest across international borders, especially in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Furthermore, the deliberate policy to integrate the region has necessitated most of the governments of the SADC to encourage their largest companies...

Author(s): Egu, E. Mathew and Aregbeshola, R. Adewale

Financing the consumers and new dynamics in time of crisis: An analysis of a well-known furniture and multinational store in Bari, Italy

November 2017

In 2007, an international crisis began due to the dissemination of bad debts, which spilled over to 2008. The global economy is still facing its consequences. This crisis is serious and its consequences are particularly long and painful. In a research of 2011, the economist John Taylor named “the great deviation” as “the recent period when macro-economic policies are based more on interventionist, less...

Author(s): Pierluigi Passaro, Arianna Di Vittorio and Dario Schirone

Why small and medium-sized firms tend to make recourse to external debt: An investigation into an Italian sample

November 2017

The purpose of this research is to identify the determinants impacting companies’ financial structure in SMEs belonging to different economic sectors. The research is due to the current situation which characterizes the banking system and the companies’ environment. Within this context, both companies and stakeholders need to identify the determinants impacting these companies’ financial structure in...

Author(s): Alberto Mazzoleni, Elisa Giacosa and Manzi Luca Maria

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