African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1070

AJEST Articles

Comparison of solids in effluent from pulping kenaf stem with formic acid and sodium hydroxide

March 2017

The pulp and paper industry is the sixth largest polluter discharging a variety of gaseous, liquid and solid wastes into the environment. This pollution mainly arises due to chemicals used during production, so this study compared these two chemicals to determine the better one for a cleaner production process. A dewatered kenaf stem was cooked in the 20, 60 and 90% concentrations of formic acid and sodium hydroxide at...

Author(s): Chukwudebelu J. A. and Jonah C. A.

Pollution by endocrine disrupting estrogens in aquatic ecosystems in Morogoro urban and peri-urban areas in Tanzania

February 2017

This study aimed to assess the extent of pollution of aquatic ecosystems by endocrine disrupting estrogens particularly the ethinylestradiol (EE2), estrone (E2) and estradiol (E1). The study was carried out in Morogoro urban and peri-urban areas. The main sources of fresh water for domestic uses, fishing and agricultural activities in the study areas including the Mindu dam catchment area, Ngerengere and Morogoro Rivers...

Author(s): Sijaona C. Msigala, Faith P. Mabiki, Bjarne Styrishave and Robinson H. Mdegela

Effect of degradation on microbiological and physiochemical parameters of domestic wastewaters from the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria

February 2017

Domestic wastewater from ten (10) different residential halls in the Federal University of Technology, Akure were collected and analyzed by considering microbiological and physiochemical characteristics and their degradation with time. Pour plating technique was used for the microbiological analysis, physico-chemical parameters were assayed using the American Public Health Association methods, while degradation was...

Author(s): Olayemi Bosede Ogonnoh, Funmilola Oluyemi Omoya and Olubukola Olayemi Olusola-Makinde

Environmental fate of pesticides applied on coffee crops in southeast of Brazil

February 2017

The aim of this paper was evaluate the environmental fate of pesticides applied in coffee crops in southeast of Brazil, using the level I fugacity model. Chemical and physical characteristics of the pesticides were considered in different environmental compartments and applied fugacity equations. The preliminary evaluation of contamination risk due the use of pesticides in coffee crops, using fugacity models, proved to...

Author(s): A. F. Saraiva Soares, M. M. D. Leão and M. R. Vianna Neto

Residents’ perception of solid waste disposal practices in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria

February 2017

Proper waste disposal is a key to protecting public health. Thus poorly managed and disposed waste encourages breeding of insect vectors and exposed public to increase risk of infection. This study aimed at determining the residents’ perception about waste disposal in Sokoto metropolis. This was a descriptive cross-sectional survey conducted in Sokoto metropolis. A two stage sampling technique was used to...

Author(s): Kaoje A. U., Sabir A. A., Yusuf S., Jimoh A. O. and Raji M. O.

Effects of different fertilizers on methane emission from paddy field of Zhejiang, China

January 2017

Methane (CH4) emissions from Chinese paddy soil (Zhejiang province) were measured over the rice growing seasons. Different fertilizers (organic and chemical) were applied, emissions of methane were high during two periods (05 days after peak tillering and 07 days after heading flowering stage) and significant effects of fertilizers were observed. Methanogenic activities in soils treated with organic manure were...

Author(s): Brahima Traore, Fasse Samake, Amadoun babana and Min Hang

Aerobic mineralization of selected organic nutrient sources for soil fertility improvement in cambisols, Southern Ethiopia

January 2017

Application of organic nutrient sources ONS for soil amendment may have an enormous advantage that improve nutrient cycling in soil–plant relations. The amount and rate of nutrient release from plant residues depend on their quality characteristics and biochemical composition of the ONS. An Aerobic Mineralization study was conducted in green house experiment to determine the N release dynamics of Erythrina...

Author(s): Abebe Abay and Wassie Haile

Eggshells – assisted hydrolysis of banana pulp for biogas production

January 2017

In this study, pretreatment of banana pulp using eggshells in both calcined and un-calcined forms to examine the extent of hydrolysis was conducted. Reactor CO containing banana pulp and inoculum but with no eggshells added was used as the control, while reactors C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5 containing banana pulp and inoculum were spiked with 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 g of un-calcined eggshells and calcined eggshells, for experiment...

Author(s): Lazaro Julius Kivuyo, Karoli Nicholas Njau and Cecil Kithongo King’ondu,

Effect of discharges from re-channeled rivers and municipal runoff on water quality of Opa reservoir, Ile-Ife, Southwest Nigeria

January 2017

Over the years, there is a direct linkage of township drains and streams to the Opa reservoir, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. Hence the spatial and temporal variations of the reservoir’s water quality were studied between November 2012 and October 2013 to investigate the effect of these discharges on these.  Physical, chemical as well as the oxygen parameters of the water were investigated using...

Author(s): Taiwo Adekanmi Adesakin, Adebukola Adenike Adedeji, Adedeji Idowu Aduwo and Yetunde Folasade Taiwo

Comparative study of soil physical characteristics of Jaipur district, Rajasthan

January 2017

Increasing trend in the frequency of natural events like floods and drought, etc. due to increasing urbanisation has led to degradation of the ecosystems. A major flood in year 1981 in Jaipur district resulted into huge erosion of the top fertile soil and leaving the land unproductive for agriculture production. The present study was carried in Jaipur district of Rajasthan state to measure physical characteristics of...

Author(s): Vikram Kumar, Jahangeer, Padm Nabh Tripathi and Shaktibala

Preliminary study on climate seasonal and spatial variations on the abundance and diversity of fungi species in natural plantation ecosystems of Ile-Ife, South West, Nigeria

January 2017

The biodiversity assessment of fungi and the knowledge of the forces that controls the distribution of fungi and their community are becoming more important in the light of climate change and variability. Fungi provide the global foundation for plant as mutualists, decomposers and pathogens. This study deals with the primary screening, characterization and seasonal variations of mycoflora, isolated from medicinal, oil...

Author(s): Omomowo, I. O., Salami, A. O. and Olabiyi, T. I.

The earthquake/seismic risk, vulnerability and capacity profile for Karonga town

January 2017

The study was carried out to understand the risks posed by earthquakes in Karonga based on roles and perception of stakeholders. Information was collected from several stakeholders who were found responding to earthquakes impacts in Karonga Town. The study found that several stakeholders, governmental and non-governmental department and organisation operate in Karonga District to respond to hazards and disasters that...

Author(s): James Kushe, Mtafu Manda, Hassan Mdala and Elijah Wanda,

The impact of septic systems density and nearness to spring water points, on water quality

January 2017

Worldwide, 1.1 billion people do not have access to clean water and as a result, 2 million children die annually due to preventable waterborne diseases. In Uganda, 440 Children die every week of waterborne diseases. High prevalence of this death is reported in the peri urban areas. It is still unclear however the causes of water pollution in the peri-urban areas. The improper use of onsite sanitation facilities such as...

Author(s): B. Arwenyo, J. Wasswa, M. Nyeko and G. N. Kasozi

Biosorption of fluoride ion from water using the seeds of the cabbage tree (Moringa stenopetala)

January 2017

Conventional water treatment technologies for the removal of fluoride ion may not be feasible for developing countries due to their high investment and operational costs. The aim of this study was therefore, to investigate the fluoride biosorption potential of the seeds of the cabbage tree (Moringa stenopetala). The influence of Moringa dosage, pH, contact time, and initial concentration of fluoride ion was...

Author(s): Seid Tiku Mereta

Hydrogeochemical and isotopic characterization of the groundwater in the Dababa area (Chad)

December 2016

The Central-African country of Chad, located in the Sahel-Sahara zone, faces diverse shortages of portable water. The only reliable source of water available for drinking, domestic and agricultural use in the Dababa Division is groundwater. Conventional hydro-geochemical and isotopic methodology, coupled with piezometric data, allowed investigators to identify the numerous process affecting not only water quality, but...

Author(s): Abderamane H., Ketchemen-Tandia B., Nlend B. Y. and Arrakhais A. B.

Role of indigenous knowledge systems in the conservation of the bio-physical environment among the Teso community in Busia County-Kenya

December 2016

The indigenous knowledge systems are a significant resource which would contribute to the increased efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability in environmental conservation among rural communities of developing countries in particular. They form the basis for community-level decision making in areas pertaining to food security, human and animal health, education and more important in natural resource management....

Author(s): Dominics Dan Ayaa and Fuchaka Waswa

The potential impacts of climate change on hydropower: An assessment of Lujeri micro hydropower scheme, Malawi

December 2016

Climate change has the potential to affect hydropower generation by either increasing or reducing flows (discharge) and the head. This paper assessed the impacts of climate change on hydropower generation with a focus on Lujeri micro-hydropower scheme in Mulanje district, Malawi. The study analyzed trends in weather time series (air temperature and rainfall) data from 1980 to 2011 in connection to changes in river...

Author(s): Kachaje O., Kasulo V. and Chavula G.

The determinants of squatter development in Southern Aba Region of Nigeria

November 2016

Squatter developments are settlements predominantly composed of makeshift structures, often constructed on cheap or vacant land. Squatter development in Southern Aba Region of Nigeria constitutes nonconventional housing, constructed by the urban poor- predominantly the rural migrants and migrants from the main city of Aba, Port-Harcourt and Uyo. This study examined the determinants of squatter development in Southern...

Author(s): Ogbonna Chukwuemeka Godswill, Okoye Veronica Ugonma and Eleazu Eberechi Ijeoma

Air pollution emission inventory along a major traffic route within Ibadan Metropolis, southwestern Nigeria

November 2016

Increasing road congestion and high traffic volume is often times an indicator of atmospheric air pollution. Ibadan, being the largest metropolitan city in southwestern Nigeria, experiences steady influx of vehicular movement on daily bases. The situation is made worse as a greater number of these vehicles are old and poorly maintained. This study therefore investigated the likely impact of high traffic volume along a...

Author(s): Effiong Ukorebi ETIM

Characterization and classification of clay minerals for potential applications in Rugi Ward, Kenya

November 2016

The applications of various clayey minerals are related to their structural, physical and chemical characteristics. The physical and chemical properties of the clayey minerals dictate their utilization in the process industries and beneficiation required before usage. The study aimed at establishing the potentiality of clayey minerals from the study area, and the possibility of exploring and exploiting them in order to...

Author(s): Ochieng Ombaka

Land use/cover change and perceived watershed status in Eastern Uganda

November 2016

This study assessed the current status of Awoja in Ngora district of Eastern Uganda.  Remote sensing, household survey, In Pac S methodology and focus group discussions were used to acquire data from April to July, 2015.   Landsat satellite imageries from 2007 and 2013 were acquired by USGS Earth Explorer to quantify land use/cover changes.   Five land use/cover types were identified namely; (1)...

Author(s): Sarah Akello, Nelson Turyahabwe, Paul Okullo and Jacob Godfrey Agea

Importance of soil physical characteristics for petroleum hydrocarbons phytoremediation: A review

November 2016

Petroleum and petrochemical hydrocarbons for some places are serious sources of environmental pollutants. To remediate these contaminants, phytoremediation, a relatively low cost and an environmental friendly technique is recommended more widely, now more than ever. Successful and effective applying of hydrocarbons phytoremediation depends mainly on the soil and plant types and conditions and microbial activities and...

Author(s): Mohammad Ali Hajabbasi

Applicable international environmental impact assessment laws for the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria

November 2016

The Niger Delta Area of Nigeria has undergone several alterations in her environment through various projects development including oil and gas exploration, dredging and mining activities. These activities have continued to impact the environment as relevant organs of the government deliberately down play the relationship between environmental degradation/pollution and project developments. Though, there are plethora of...

Author(s): Hart Lawrence and Orupabo Sika

Challenges of water accessibility in the urban centres of Malawi: A case study of Blantyre City

October 2016

This study assesses challenges of water supply to urban areas of Malawi since factors obstructing water availability, indicators of water service’s delivery, trend of tariff structure and cost recovery’s mechanisms and water governance in Malawi have been poorly assessed in the past despite the fact that the country has engaged itself in the improvement of urban water policy. The study was conducted in...

Author(s): Peter Unique Magombo and Ishmael Bobby Mphangwe Kosamu

Evaluation of fluoride enrichment processes in groundwater of Chimakurthy granitic pluton complex in Prakasam District India

October 2016

Hydrogeochemical evaluation of aquifers belonging to Chimakurthy granitic pluton complex reveals wide spatial and temporal variation in F- distribution. F- concentration in groundwater of different aquifers varies from < 0. 50 to 9.84 mg/l. Among three sampled episodes, the mean value of F- is high in July 2010 and 61% of samples have values above maximum permissible limit as per the Bureau of Indian...

Author(s): A. G. S. Reddy, D. V. Reddy, M. Sudeer Kumar and P. K. Naik

Atmospheric ventilation corridors and coefficients for pollution plume released from an Industrial Facility in Ile-Ife Suburb, Nigeria

October 2016

This study presents a comparative investigation of atmospheric ventilation corridors and coefficients for gaseous pollution plume released from an isolated industrial facility into the ambient air of the host community in Ile-Ife suburb, southwest Nigeria. For the months of September to December in the year 2012 and 2013, measurement of surface layer atmospheric parameters made from an instrumented mast located near the...

Author(s): Abiye O. E., Akinola O. E., Sunmonu L. A., Ajao A. I. and Ayoola M. A.

An evaluation of biogas production from anaerobic digester of a constructed wetland domestic wastewater treatment plant

October 2016

Domestic wastewater treatment using constructed wetlands have been found to be very efficient and cost effective. Primary treatment facilities such as anaerobic digesters have been reported to reduce the organic load of wastewater before entering the constructed wetland systems. It has also been established that biogas is a product of organic matter decomposition under anaerobic condition. In this study, we evaluated...

Author(s): Adelere Ezekiel Adeniran, Adetinuke Aina and Omolaraeni Oshunrinade

A critical analysis of physiochemical properties influencing pit latrine emptying and feacal sludge disposal in Kampala Slums, Uganda

October 2016

Inadequate information on physiochemical properties of faecal sludge leads to inappropriate design of pit emptying devices and poor faecal sludge disposal contributing to environmental pollution. This study undertook a critical analysis of physiochemical properties of feacal sludge that influence design and performance of pit emptying devices and faecal sludge disposal for improved faecal sludge management in urban...

Author(s): Ahamada Zziwa, Maureen Norah Nabulime, Nicholas Kiggundu, Robert Kambugu, Abia Katimbo and Allan John Komakech

Investigating the potability of water from dug wells: A case study of the Bolgatanga Township, Ghana

October 2016

The aim of this study was to assess the levels of some physico-chemical and microbial water quality parameters in fifteen hand-dug wells in Bolgatanga of the Upper East region of Ghana. The effects of seasonal variation and proximity to pollution sources on the concentrations of some parameters of the well water samples were analysed. The results revealed that, total and faecal coliforms in all fifteen samples exceeded...

Author(s): Samuel Kojo Abanyie, Boateng Ampadu and Steve Ampofo

Preliminary investigation of transfer of metals from soil to vegetables: Case study of Spinacia oleracea L.

September 2016

The objective of the study was to measure concentrations of Cu, Ni and Zn in Spinacia oleracea cultivated at a site near the copper and nickel mine in Selebi Phikwe. The mean concentrations (in dry matter-basis) of Cu, Zn and Ni in the whole plant system were 7.30 ± 2.51, 6.02 ± 2.16 and 0.03 ± 0.02, mg/kg, respectively. Enrichment factors (EF) of Cu, Ni and Zn were far below the EF value of 1.5...

Author(s): Mosiamisi Mokgolele and Sello Alfred Likuku

Comparison of community managed projects and conventional approaches in rural water supply of Ethiopia

September 2016

This study aimed to compare Community Managed Projects (CMP) approach with the conventional approaches (Non-CMP) in the case of Ethiopia. The data collection methods include a household survey (n=1806), community representative interviews (n=49), focus group discussions with district water experts (n=48) and observations of water systems (n=49). The data were collected from seven districts of two regions of Ethiopia....

Author(s): Beshah M. Behailu, Arto Suominen, Tapio S. Katko, Harri Mattila and Gashaw Yayehyirad

Geochemical assessment of toxic metals stocking in top-soil within the area of limestone quarry in Gombe of North-eastern Nigeria

September 2016

This work presents an assessment of geochemical toxic metal stocking in top-soil within the area of a limestone quarry in Gombe State. Samples of topsoil from the area of a limestone quarry in Gombe (North-eastern Nigeria) were collected to analyse levels of hazardous substances such as of Hg, Fe, Zn, Ni, Mn, Cu, Cr, Cd and Pb. A total of 24 topsoil samples were collected around the radius of 0.5 km from the blasting...

Author(s): Usman Abdullahi Usman, Prashant Kumar,  Abatcha Babagana Abdulkadir, Hamman Ishaku Kamale, Hamza Maina Sadiq, Dahiru Danjuma Muhammed, Yusuf Ibrahim and Ibrahim Bukar Wulo

Co-composting of sewage sludge and Echinochloa pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & Chase plant material from a constructed wetland system treating domestic wastewater in Cameroon

September 2016

Trials were conducted at the Cité-Verte domestic wastewater treatment station (Yaoundé-Cameroon) in order to assess the effect of three sewage sludge: Macrophyte ratios on the co-composting process and compost quality. The ratios were T1: 25 kg of plant material (Echinochloa pyramidalis) and 75 kg sludge; T2: 50 kg of plant material and 50 kg sludge, and T3: 75 kg of plant material and 25 kg of sludge. The...

Author(s): Guy Valerie Djumyom Wafo, Pulcherie Matsodoum Nguemte, Wilfried Arsène Letah Nzouebet, Pierre François Djocgoue and Ives Magloire Kengne

The use of magnetic susceptibility measurements to determine pollution of agricultural soils in road proximity

September 2016

This research work presents a study on the application of magnetic susceptibility measurements and geochemical analysis for mapping or assessing heavy metal pollution in the agricultural soil in road proximity. The research work was also done to check any runoff of heavy metals pollution to the Owabi dam which serves as the main water sources to catchment areas and the whole of Kumasi Metropolis. This research work was...

Author(s): Brempong F., Mariam Q. and Preko K.

Modeling sludge accumulation rates in lined pit latrines in slum areas of Kampala City, Uganda

August 2016

Disposal of faecal sludge particularly in slum areas is a difficult undertaking given the lack of space and resources. Inaccurate prediction of sludge accumulation rates (SAR) in pit latrines leads to unplanned pit latrine emptying. Given that the users and owners cannot afford the conventional emptying techniques frequently, inappropriate methods such as open defecation and emptying into storm drainages are employed...

Author(s): Yvonne Lugali, Ahamada Zziwa, Noble Banadda, Joshua Wanyama, Isa Kabenge, Robert Kambugu and Peter Tumutegyereize

The analysis of physicochemical characteristics of pig farm seepage and its possible impact on the receiving natural environment

August 2016

Pig farm seepage poses an environmental risk, considering that seepage can be generally applied on land without appropriate agronomic criteria or may accidentally spill on the natural environment. These environmental risks include increasing oxygen demand, nutrient loading of water-bodies, promoting toxic and algal blooms eutrophication, thus, leading to a destabilized environment. This research was conducted to...

Author(s): Dikonketso S. Mofokeng, Rasheed Adeleke, and Olayinka A. Aiyegoro

Assessment of the effect of effluent discharge from coffee refineries on the quality of river water in South-western Ethiopia

August 2016

The ecohydrological quality of water resource of Ethiopia is declining at an alarming rate, resulting in severe environmental degradation. This study finds out the effects of effluent discharge from intensive coffee refineries on river water quality based on physicochemical parameters and benthos assemblages as biological indicators. The experiment was done using complete randomized design (CRD) with three composite...

Author(s): Tadesse Mosissa Ejeta and Alemayehu Haddis

Statistical analysis of the effects of relative humidity and temperature on radio refractivity over Nigeria using satellite data

July 2016

Meteorological data from the Department of Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring (CM-SAF), DWD Germany have been used to study and investigate the effect of relative humidity and temperature on refractivity in twenty six locations grouped into for climatic regions aloft Nigeria (Coastal, Guinea savannah, Midland and sub Sahelian regions). The four years data collected ranged from 2004 to 2007 and was...

Author(s): Adedayo, K. D.

Key factors affecting performance of biogas latrines in urban informal areas: Case of Kampala and Nairobi, East Africa

July 2016

Large scale application of biogas latrine technology in developing countries faces technical, socio-economic and financial challenges. As a result, harnessing its full potential has not been realized. This study examined variables describing the design, construction, operation and maintenance of nineteen biogas latrines in relation to their performance in Kampala and Nairobi, based on survey and field observations....

Author(s): P. Mutai, C. Niwagaba, JB Tumuhairwe, R. Kulabako, A. Katukiza, P. Nyenje and F. Kansiime

Combined use of Very Low Frequency Electromagnetic (VLF-EM) and electrical resistivity survey for evaluation of groundwater potential of Modomo/Eleweran area, south western Nigeria

July 2016

Very Low Frequency Electromagnetic (VLF-EM) and electrical resistivity surveys were conducted at Modomo/Eleweran, along Ede-road, south western Nigeria, with a view to delineate the hydrogeophysical characterization of the study area. The area is underlain by the Precambrian Basement Complex rocks. The VLF-EM traverses were established along 6 traverses with a station interval of 10 m with lengths ranging from 130 to...

Author(s): S. M. Taiwo, M. O. Awoyemi and G. C. Onyedim

Physicochemical and bacteriological quality assessment of the Bambui community drinking water in the North West Region of Cameroon

June 2016

In order to ascertain water quality for human consumption, physical and chemical parameters, together with faecal forms of bacteria were evaluated in the drinking water resources of the Bambui community in the North West region of Cameroon. This study was necessitated by the occasional presence of suspended particles in the water and typhoid cases recorded in the Bambui community. Samples of tap water collected from...

Author(s): Njoyim Estella Buleng Tamungang, Mofor Nelson Alakeh, Mary Lum Fonteh Niba and Sunjo Jude

Temporal and spatial variability of rainfall distribution and evapotranspiration across altitudinal gradient in the Bilate River Watershed, Southern Ethiopia

June 2016

Rainfall and evapotranspiration are the two major climatic factors affecting agricultural production. This study examined the extent and nature of rainfall variability from measured data while estimation of evapotranspiration was made from recorded weather data.  Analysis of rainfall variability is made by the rainfall anomaly index, coefficient of variance and precipitation concentration index. The FAO-56...

Author(s): Getahun Garedew Wodaje, Zewdu Eshetu and Mekuria Argaw

Assessment of heavy metals concentration in water, soil sediment and biological tissues of the lesser flamingos in four eastern rift valley lakes

June 2016

The term heavy metal refers to any metallic chemical element that has a relatively high density and is toxic at low concentrations. This study was conducted in four eastern Rift Valley lakes which included Lakes Oloidien, Crater, Elementaita and Nakuru, to determine the presence and levels of lead, arsenic, cadmium and chromium concentration in water, soil sediments and biological tissues of the Lesser Flamingos...

Author(s): Tenai B.C, Mbaria J.M, Muchemi G.M, Jansen R., Kotze A, Naidoo V, Kariuki E.K, Nduhiu J.G, Nderitu J.G and Gitau F.K

Heavy metal contamination in stream water and sediments of gold mining areas of South Western Nigeria

May 2016

This study assessed the seasonal variation in heavy metal contamination of stream water and sediments in the gold mining area of Atakunmosa West local Government, Osun State, Nigeria. Twelve villages of prominence in illegal gold mining were selected for the study covering dry and wet seasons of 2012. Stream water and sediment samples were randomly sampled for both seasons. Samples were analyzed with atomic absorption...

Author(s): Makinde Oladotun Wasiu, Oluyemi Emmanuel Ayodele, Tunbosun Isaac Ayodele, Olabanji Iyabo Oluremi, Ogundele Katerine Temitope  and Fakoya Omowumi Temitope

Dredging induced changes in zooplankton community and water quality in Dal Lake, Kashmir, India

May 2016

A study was conducted from July 2013 to June 2014 to assess the outcome of dredging activity on the water characteristics and zooplankton community structure in Dal Lake. An assessment was done with respect to alterations in physico-chemical parameters and zooplankton community changes in pre-dredged and post-dredging periods. The results showed a considerable reduction in Secchi transparency while water depth,...

Author(s): Musharaf Rehman, A. R. Yousuf, M. H. Balkhi, M. I. Rather, N. Shahi, M. Meraj and K. Hassan

Spatial dynamic of mobile dunes, soil crusting and Yobe’s bank retreat in the Niger’s Lake Chad basin part: Cases of Issari and Bagara

April 2016

The process of desertification is accelerated in the northern part of Lake Chad basin since the early 1970. Those processes linked to the recurrent drought and a heavy human pressure induced a great environmental damages. So this study based on diachronic cartography (1957, 1975 and 2007) aimed to describe and quantify the degradation dynamics in the contrasting Niger’s Lake Chad basin part. Thus significant...

Author(s): Moussa Issaka Abdoulkader, Somé Yélézouomin Stéphane Corentin, Abdourhamane Touré Amadou, Hassane Bouba, Malam Abdou Moussa, Mamadou Ibrahim, Abba Bachir, Garba Zibo and Yacouba Hamma

Development of built environment and its implication on flood risk in Gombe Metropolis, Nigeria

April 2016

The increasing frequency of flood events in urban areas and its devastating impact on lives, properties, resources and the environment as a whole has posed a serious concern to environmental scientist the world over. There are many different perspectives regarding factors responsible for flood risk in urban areas, which range from hydrological extremes to man-induced factors. This paper examines the impact of built...

Author(s): Saidu Idris and Lal Merving Dharmasiri

Temporal relationship between climate variability, Prosopis juliflora invasion and livestock numbers in the drylands of Magadi, Kenya

April 2016

A study was conducted to determine the association of climate variability, Prosopis juliflora spread, and other vegetation trends with livestock population dynamics in Kajiado County, Kenya. Monthly rainfall, mean monthly temperatures, cattle, sheep and goats populations from January 2000 to December 2014, were analyzed to determine time series trends. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data derived from...

Author(s): Kyuma R. K., Wahome R. G., Kinama J. M. and V. O. Wasonga

Environmental conditions in displaced communities of Khartoum State, Sudan

April 2016

Inadequate environmental sanitation has been recognized as a public health hazard worldwide. Nearly one quarter of all deaths and of the total disease burden and slightly more than one-third for children can be attributed to the changes and degradation of the environment. This study examined the environmental conditions of the displaced communities in Khartoum State, Sudan. A community-based descriptive, cross-sectional...

Author(s): Ibrahim Awad Eljack

Effects of vegetation's degradation on carbon stock, morphological, physical and chemical characteristics of soils within the mangrove forest of the Rio del Rey Estuary: Case study – Bamusso (South-West Cameroon)

March 2016

This study was conducted to assess the capacity of mangroves soils to stock carbon and how degradation can influence its various properties. Transect method was performed. So, two transects of 100 m length and 10 m wide were established according to the degradation level. Total of 18 Soil samples were taken to be described and analysed. The degraded transect (T1) shows a mean carbon stock value of 2102.06 ± 405...

Author(s): NDEMA NSOMBO Eugene, AKO&#;O BENGONO Frédéric, ETAME Jacques, NDONGO DIN, AJONINA Gordon, and Paul BILONG

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