African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 166

AJHC Articles

September 2013

Military regimes and nation building in Nigeria, 1966-1999

  The problems of nation building in Nigeria, most of which are congenital, dating to the birth of the nation through the amalgamation exercise of 1914, became protracted since then till the supposedly nationalistic and apolitical military came to power in 1966.  The military solutions were examined in this study in a descriptive analytical manner. The discussion revealed that the low level of national...

Author(s): AJAYI, Adegboyega Isaac

August 2013

Poverty alleviation and empowerment of small-scale industries in Nigeria: The case of Tie and Dye Makers Association

Using the experiences of the Tie and Dye Makers Association of Nigeria, this study examines how various governmental programmes on poverty alleviation, job creation, and empowerment have impacted the fortunes of informal sector operators in Nigeria. The study found that while the various programmes were not deficient on policy design and resource allocation, politics and corruption ensured that the masses saw and...

Author(s): Bukola Adeyemi, Oyeniyi

August 2013

The psychology of unmarried men in Nairobi: A case study of three bachelors over forty

  Equal number of males and females in Nairobi today says that they want to settle down and raise a family. More women than men, however, wish they were married and are currently in search for a life mate. However, although there are many marriageable women, some men still remain unmarried even after clocking the marriageable age. If we assume that marriage is a conscious and deliberate choice, then the...

Author(s): Esther Gicheru

July 2013

Elections and electoral processes in Africa: A gimmick or a curse?

  This paper seeks to highlight the controversial way elections have been held in some countries, which have led to the loss of confidence with the results, in some cases, the disputed elections has led to civil wars, re-run of the electoral process or the formation of coalitions. Election time on the African continent has therefore brought about anxiety to both the contesting political parties and the...

Author(s): Jephias Mapuva

  • Article Number: 5A3AB3C40952

July 2013

The relevance and legacy of Nelson Mandela in the twenty-first century Africa: An historical and theological perspective

  Great people come and go out of this world, leaving behind great ideas which are easily forgotten by members of the society. This essay is written to remind people of the great ideas and impressive virtues bestowed on the person of Nelson Mandela. It candidly analyses Nelson Mandela – a great statesman, exemplary humanist, freedom fighter, and a strong opponent of apartheid. The essay highlights...

Author(s): Godson S. Maanga

June 2013

Attitude to education and academic performance for in-school adolescent girls in the eastern province of Sierra Leone

  Conscious of the multiple hurdles that girls encounter in their participation in education, the government of Sierra Leone has embarked on a series of affirmative policies to encourage their participation. This paper sets out to find out whether girls’ have a positive attitude to education in this positive affirmative educational policy landscape. The study found out that girls have developed a good...

Author(s): Johnson Adlyn O.

June 2013

Rural-urban migration and rural community development: A case of Kpongu community of Upper West Region of Ghana

  The movement of human beings from areas of origin to area of final destination is a natural phenomenon among human societies. This study focuses on rural-urban migration with the aim of identifying the socio-economic and cultural causes of rural-urban migration, the socio-economic and cultural implications of migration from the study area to other areas of final destination, the coping strategies adopted by...

Author(s): Agyemang Isaac and Abu Salia Raqib

June 2013

Panoply of selected Asante and Ijaw cultural practices: Comparative and descriptive study

  Even though Ghana and Nigeria have a myriad of diverse cultures, which highlight the philosophical foundations of the existence of the people, most of these cultural elements are similar in practice. By virtue of the proximity of the two nations, their practices are vital to foster unity as well as create a healthy cultural relationship for socio-cultural development of the two West African nations. This...

Author(s): Kquofi, S., Olowonirejuaro, A. and Asante, E. A.

May 2013

Bereavement: Festivities during mourning among the Tiv of Benue State, Nigeria

  Until recently, death used to be a solemn occasion among the Tiv. The Tiv mourning custom of festivities during period of mourning compels the bereaved to provide for sympathisers instead of being provided for. This switch of roles and its supposed implications on bereaves motivated this research. A qualitative case study approach was used for analysis. A total of 125 participants, 84 males and 41 females of...

Author(s): Moses Ichongo Ukeh

May 2013

Exploring socio-economic factors in the exploitation of girls in the eastern province of Sierra Leone

  Access to formal education reduces the chances of the exploitation of children. However, with increased access to formal education comes the attendant problem of ensuring that children, especially girls, the sex that is disadvantaged in their participation in education, are able to complete their schooling. The aim of this paper is to investigate issues in the socio-economic exploitation of girls in the...

Author(s): Johnson Adlyn O.

May 2013

TIV elegiac poetry

  Oral poetry is a popular genre in Africa, largely due to the poetic nature of the African environment.  Almost every activity in African communities calls for one form of poetic expression or the other.  Oral poems are usually brought into service in various ways because they are concerned with different human experiences.  Elegiac poetry is one of the several poetic forms that exist in Tiv...

Author(s): Amase, Emmanuel Lanior

April 2013

Ayele Bekerie. Ethiopic: An African Writing System--Its history and principles. Lawrenceville, N.J., and Asmara, Eritrea: Red Sea Press, 1997. xiv + 176 pp. $18.95 (paper), ISBN 978-1-56902-021-0; $59.95 (cloth), ISBN 978-1-56902-020-3.

  Ethiopian history is notoriously a history abounded in mystifications, phantasms and de-Africanizations.  A key aspect of these mystifying narratives is about the social origin of the so-called Ethiopic writing system. However, Ayele Bekerie’s Ethiopic is the first break with reproduction of flaw. In his book about the history and principles of Ethiopic system, Bekerie exploits his ideographical,...

Author(s): Dereje Tadesse Birbirso

April 2013

Natural resource, identity politics and violent conflict in post-independence Nigeria

  Violent conflict is a recurring denominator of national life in Nigeria. This is exemplified by the recurrence of sectarian conflicts of violent dimension across the regions of the country, particularly since the return to civil rule in 1999. The Niger Delta is one of the regions of the country that has been particularly notorious for violent conflict. This is often rationalized on the struggles of the ethnic...

Author(s): Fred Ekpe F. Ayokhai

January 2013

White power, white desire: Miscegenation in Southern Rhodesia, Zimbabwe

  While European patterns of miscegenation in colonial situations tended to be influenced by the demographic composition of the population, and in particular the proportion of non-whites and the ratio of white women to white men, there are other factors that need more emphasis. First, miscegenation was used to control and dominate the colonised peoples, and second miscegenation itself can be looked at as proof...

Author(s):   Munyaradzi Mushonga

January 2013

Politics in environmental stewardship in Zimbabwe: Reflections on Ruwa and Epworth

  This article outlines, explains and discusses the stewardship of the bio-physical environment in Zimbabwe with special reference to the policy instruments used at national and localized areas. Issues examined include aspects of the ecological footprint, the national environmental policy and housing with special reference to aspects including burial space, water and sanitation, deforestation challenges, solid...

Author(s): Innocent Chirisa

June 2012

Expressing indigenous knowledge through dance

  In many cases, indigenous knowledge has been orally passed from one generation to another. It encompasses the wisdom, knowledge and teachings of traditions to communities based on their social, economic, religious and political beliefs. The knowledge of indigenous and local communities is often embedded in a cosmology. These cosmologies are inextricably bound to ancestors, festivals and ancestral lands. To...

Author(s):   Akas Nicholas Chielotam      

June 2012

The role of language in ethnic identity: The case of Akwamu in Ghana

  Researchers in several disciplines within the social sciences, for example anthropology, sociology, history, linguistics and the humanities in general have explored the relationship among language, culture and identity from different perspectives. The general picture in the literature is the recognition that these three phenomena are connected to and affect each other in intricate ways. In this paper, we...

Author(s):   Ofosu-Mensah, Ababio Emmanuel and Ansah, Gladys Nyarko        

May 2012

Influence of occupational health and safety programmers on performance of manufacturing firms in Western Province, Kenya

  Occupational health and safety continues to be one of the most critical but highly criticized issues within the discipline of human resource management. The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of health and safety programmes on performance of manufacturing firms in Western Province, Kenya. The study presents the results on an empirical study conducted. The study utilized a convenient sample...

Author(s):   Ezekiel M. Makori, O. M. J. Nandi, J. K. Thuo and Kadian W. Wanyonyi        

May 2012

Assessing the driving forces of environmental degradation in Northern Ghana: Community truthing approach

  This article employs community truthing approach to interpret local peoples understanding and knowledge concerning the driving forces of environmental degradation in Northern Ghana. Through a wide range of participatory rural appraisal techniques, such as key informant interviews, focus group discussion and participants’ observation, selected people from the study community were given the chance to...

Author(s):   Isaac Agyemang      

April 2012

The formation of a hybrid identity in Tsitsi Dangarembga’s Nervous Conditions

  Colonization was one of the bitterest phenomena during the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century. Imperial powers colonized some particular territories and plundered their capital. Beside economic damages, the colonizers obliterated local cultures of their colonies and imposed new ideologies on native people. Western cultural hegemony resulted in the formation of a new hybrid identity in the...

Author(s):   Peiman Amanolahi Baharvand and Bahman Zarrinjooee        

April 2012

Road transportation as lifeline of the economy in Western Nigeria, 1920 to 1952

  The complex but vital interconnection between road transportation and the economy is what this paper seeks to explore. Our primary focus is not to determine whether road transportation developed or underdeveloped the economy; rather we want to see how road transportation served as a “vehicle’’ for the pursuit of economic goals. The paper discusses how the introduction of modern means of...

Author(s):   Oladipo O. Olubomehin      

March 2012

Politics and anarchy: Zimbabwe’s 2008 run-off presidential elections in context

  Following the “successful” subvertion of the electoral process by President Mugabe in the 2008 run-off presidential elections in Zimbabwe and the subsequent formation of the Government of National Unity, this paper attempts to offer insights that may explain President Mugabe’s refusal to honour the outcome of the electoral process and the subsequent degeneration into authoritarian and...

Author(s):   Zein Kebonang      

March 2012

Understanding community based adaptation strategies to climate variability in fishing communities of Rufiji River basin in Tanzania

This paper provides a highlight of the existing local community adaptation strategies that fishing communities in Rufiji Basin, in Tanzania, are employing to counteract the negative impacts of climate change and climate variability. Data were collected through key informants interviews, focus group discussions and in-depth interviews using a structured questionnaire that was administered to 120 household heads from two...

Author(s):   Shemdoe, Riziki Silas and Kihila Jacob        

January 2012

Environmental ethics in the Hindu Vedas and Puranas in India

  The Indian religious traditions are intertwined with equally disparate cultural, social, linguistic, philosophical and ethical systems that have developed over a vast history, compounded with movement of peoples, foreign interventions, and internal transformations in structures and identities experienced over time. How does one then begin to talk about environmental values and concerns in the Indian religious...

Author(s):   R. Renugadevi      

January 2012

Retracing the concept of the subaltern from Gramsci to Spivak: Historical developments and new applications

  The aim of this paper is to retrace the historical developments and new implications of one of the most disputed concepts in post-colonial theory. The study of the concept of the subaltern deals first with preliminary definitions of this concept as it was initially used by the Italian Marxist political activist, Antonio Gramsci, in his widely known book “Prison Notebooks”. Later, this...

Author(s):   El Habib Louai    

December 2011

The cultural logic of racism in Richard Wright’s Native Son

  Richard Wright in his astonishing novel, Native Son (1940) has created a controversial world shocking the sensibilities of both Black and White America by presenting the cultural and logical realities behind racism that has been a matter of question in the United States for centuries. In fact, race differences and prejudice attitudes always caused problem whenever Black and White wanted to unite and...

Author(s):   Meryem Ayan    

December 2011

A historical reflection of the University of Rabe Rashidi, Iran

  Rabe Rashidi has a large collection of academics and residents in the North West of Iran which return to Mughul patriarch periods. It was built in AH 8 century by Rashid al-Din Fadlallah in the government center of Tabriz. Based on proofs, Rashidabad city consist of two separate parts: Rabe Rashidi as one part and Rashidi city as the other part. Rube Rashidi as a castle was located in the central part of the...

Author(s):   N. Behboodi, A. Kiani, A. Heydari        

November 2011

Theoretical framework towards understanding the economic development and underdevelopment of Nigeria

  The work focused on the theoretical understanding of the dynamics of Third World development and underdevelopment from the past. The desk study (DS) method of data gathering was used to gather data for this study. In the process, it was discovered that the present level of development and underdevelopment will not be clearly understood without actually taking a critical look at the past of the Third World...

Author(s):   Atare Otite    

  • Article Number: DE7607640958

November 2011

Trans-African identity: Cultural globalization and the role of the symbolic-aesthethic dimension in the present identity construction processes

  Globalization entails a process, in any case irreversible, of intensification of transnational, trans-societal and trans-cultural spaces, events, problems, economic transactions, conflicts and biographies, a process not necessarily unfolding in a centripetal, homogeneous and single way towards the formation of a single world society and culture but rather in a polycentric, multidimensional,...

Author(s):   Francisco Javier Ullán de la Rosa    

  • Article Number: D3E84B640960

August 2011

Mechanisms and challenges for managing disaster in Bangladesh

  Bangladesh is a developing country in South Asia which has approximately fourteen core population. It is also known as a disaster prone country and is surrounded by thousands of rivers such as the Ganges, the Brahamaputra, and the Meghna and so on. The Himalayan range to the North and the Bay of Bengal in the South creates a complex weather system. Bangladesh is a common victim of natural calamities due to...

Author(s):   Faraha Nawaz and Md Nurun Nabi Shah        

  • Article Number: 432166740955

August 2011

Analysis of the socio-economic and cultural implications of environmental degradation in Northern Ghana using qualitative approach

  This article employs mainly the qualitative approach to study and interpret local people’s understanding of environmental degradation in Northern Ghana. Environmental resources in the area are characterized by dry savannah climate and vegetation, poor soils, and irregular rainfall patterns leading to poor yields and low levels of output. The area is one of the most degraded regions in Ghana, and this is...

Author(s):   Isaac Agyemang    

  • Article Number: 8A2F1C740956

July 2011

Crisis of communal leadership: Post-colonial local government reform and administrative conflict with traditional authorities in the communal areas of Zimbabwe, 1980-2008

  Rural local government reform measures adopted by the new Government of Zimbabwe at independence in 1980 were largely inspired by the state's modernization initiatives and the need to create a framework for expanded delivery of services to the peasant communities in order to redress the imbalances of colonial neglect. However, the reform measures also sought to undermine the authority of traditional...

Author(s):   Godfrey Tabona Ncube    

  • Article Number: 3A2B2F040951

July 2011

Colonialism and African cultural values

  It is no longer a debate that pre-colonial African life was heavily influenced by religion. Almost every aspect of life was seen and interpreted in the supernatural. The belief that the ancestors played prominent roles in the maintenance of morality in the community hardly dies, even today. However, it is true that colonialism altered the belief and values of the Africans significantly, just as its structure...

Author(s): Benson O. Igboin 

  • Article Number: 8DCB1CE40953

June 2011

A critique of modernization and dependency theories in Africa: Critical assessment

  The way states and development specialists rationalize how to commit economic resources to development is influenced, to a greater extent by their level of persuasion towards specific development theories. The discourse assesses the influence of modernization and dependency theories on Africa’s development. The conclusion is that both theories have failed to help develop Africa. The discourse pins hope...

Author(s):   J. Matunhu    

  • Article Number: 894321340948

June 2011

Perceptions on cultural significance and heritage conservation: A case study of Sussan Wenger’s building, Osogbo, Nigeria

  The built environment is the history of man. The undying stones of monuments are the tables from which this history can be read. Thus, the life of man in the past, its values in the present and directions for the future are embellished on these stones. Historic cultural heritages cannot be expressed in any other better form than in buildings. Sussan Wenger’s building located in Osogbo, Nigeria is one of...

Author(s):   Adedeji Joseph Adeniran and Fadamiro Joseph Akinlabi        

  • Article Number: 5418AB040950

May 2011

Christianity as an Ideological Instrument: A postcolonial reading of Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God

  This paper attempts to reveal how the Christian religion was used in colonizing African peoples according to Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God. Colonists regularly use subtle and indirect ways to colonize people before and after independence; one of these methods was through ideology. The paper depicts the ways in which Christianity as an ideological instrument was used as a tool for colonization....

Author(s):   Seyed Mohammad Marandi and Reyhaneh Sadat Shadpour        

  • Article Number: 1B8060740944

May 2011

Gold mining and the socio-economic development of Obuasi in Adanse

  This article seeks to project the important role played by gold mining in economic development of modern areas of Obuasi and Adanse in Ghana. It challenges those scholars who doubt the transformative, developmental and poverty alleviation roles of the mining industry in Ghana. The study is based on archival and oral research, and it arguments are articulated in a historical narrative fashion that link the...

Author(s):   Emmanuel Ababio Ofosu-Mensah      

  • Article Number: 2F17A9740946

April 2011

The relevance of migration to settlement pattern in Igbominaland

  Migration is an integral part of the history of mankind. Prior to the evolution of nation-state system, trans-continental migrations were the order of the day in all parts of the globe. Migration has also been part of Yoruba history taking from the classic version of the legend of Lamurudu/Oduduwa that associates the origin of Yoruba to migration from Mecca. It was as a result of migration of Oduduwa from...

Author(s):   E. O. Ibiloye    

  • Article Number: 4CD148340942

April 2011

Conflict and alternative dispute resolution among the Afar pastoralists of Ethiopia

  A study was conducted on institutions of conflict resolution in the Northern Afar administration. The main objective was to examine alternative mechanisms of peace-making with a prime focus on informal indigenous structures. An attempt was made to assess such institutions vis-à-vis changing circumstances in the political and socio-economic arena. The paper found out that, following disputes, people...

Author(s):   Kelemework Tafere Reda      

  • Article Number: 09FE24140943

March 2011

The politics of the government of national unity (GNU) and power sharing in Zimbabwe: Challenges and prospects for democracy

  September 2008 marked a new era in Zimbabwean politics, as a united front between the major political parties enabled the forging of an agreement that laid the foundation for a government of national unity. The unity government has brought hope not only to Zimbabweans but also to the international community for many view it as a purveyor of better moves for the country and its overall standing in the region...

Author(s):   Percyslage Chigora and Tobias Guzura        

  • Article Number: 905013040940

March 2011

Real political empowerment or political Gimmick? An experience of women with guns under ZANU PF during the liberation struggle 1972-1980

  During and after the liberation struggle, ZANU PF boasted of having liberated women from the clutches of patriarchy by according women the same status with men in the liberation struggle. The party posed as the liberator of its women folk and mythologized female emancipation upon which it could congratulate itself. These  writers’ will demonstrate in these and other matters that the political...

Author(s):   Dorothy Goredema and Percyslage Chigora        

  • Article Number: 948357C40941

February 2011

Enhancing local governance through local initiatives: Residents’ associations in Zimbabwe

  Residents associations are a local initiative by residents within a specific community. Through residents associations, citizens have been able to keep local authorities in check and to demand accountability. With the economic crises facing many countries across the globe and the world recession setting in, as well as the economic meltdown in Zimbabwe over the last few years, which was exacerbated by a...

Author(s):   Jephias Mapuva    

  • Article Number: DC331CF40938

February 2011

Reconstruction of the palaeoenviroment of Wadi Farja (Nile, third cataract) from zooarchaeological remains

  Wadi Farja is a dry Holocene palaeochannel situated in northern Sudan on the eastern bank of the Nile, immediately north of the Third Cataract region. The human occupation of the Wadi peaked in the Neolithic (5000 to 3000 BC) through Kerma (2500 to 1500 BC) periods. The Wadi is relatively rich in bioarchaeological materials, such as mammalian bone fragments, fish bones and bivalve shells. It is concluded that...

Author(s):   Yahia Fadl Tahir    

  • Article Number: B3842C840939

November 2010

Cultural theory and cultural dialogue in the 21st century

  Art is necessarily a cultural system, and culture in its mutation moves in the direction of societal becoming in the same manner as it dictates the direction of artistic creations and recreations. However, as the world, especially Africa, is being dragged along in the imperialist project of globalization, this paper interrogates the fate of cultural theory again, as it especially affects literary criticism of...

Author(s):   Ameh Dennis Akoh    

  • Article Number: A26407440935

November 2010

Teachers’ and students’ perceptions of psychological factors contributing to violent behaviour among public secondary school students in western province, Kenya

  Violence is not a new phenomenon in the modern educational system.  It is manifested in the form of rioting, sexual violence, fighting and bullying. The purpose of this study is to establish teachers’ and students’ perceptions of psychological factors contributing to violent behavior among public secondary school students in the western province of Kenya. The study was based on the social...

Author(s):   Moses Wesang’ula Poipoi, John O. Agak and Eric K. Kabuka        

  • Article Number: BE6DAE040936

October 2010

Minoan culture and tourism

  The Greek culture was enormously influenced by the Minoan culture, as was its foundation stone. It had been developing in Crete from the 3rd millennium to 2ndmillennium BC and being an ode to joy and life. The frescoes representing noble dresses and jewelry of Cretan females, pleasure in sports activities and nature, as well as serene and happy people are genuine masterpieces. A substantial number of...

Author(s):   Snezana Besermenji, Tatjana Pivac, Miroslav Vujicic and Athanasios P. Stamos        

  • Article Number: F61512F40932

October 2010

Relationship between capacity building and employee productivity on performance of commercial banks in Kenya

  This article of this paper is based on a research project carried out on commercial banks in Kakamega Central District, Kenya focusing on the influence of employee productivity on organizational performance which investigated the impact of capacity building and employee productivity in commercial banks since this leads to increase in performance as empirical research has proved. Kenya has experienced banking...

Author(s):   Kadian W. Wanyama and S. N. Mutsotso        

  • Article Number: 750949E40934

August 2010

Cotton in West Africa: The economic and social stakes (2006). Book review, OECD publishing, Paris, pp. 127, ISBN: 92–64–022505 7

  Since their inception multilateral institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) have always been at loggerheads with Africans and African producers. These institutions have been blamed for advancing an agenda that exploits third world countries (3WCs) resources for the benefit of the north, debates at WTO forums have been most acrimonious with the...

Author(s):   Peter  Makaye    

  • Article Number: 2BB3BD340929

August 2010

A pragmatic appraisal of the translation of Yoruba discourse markers into English

  This paper examines the translation of discourse markers in Yoruba with the aim of identifying their pragmatic functions and constraints faced in their translation into English. The methodology of contrastive analysis is adopted in our analysis to identify similarities and differences in the use and function of specific discourse markers (‘yes’ and ‘thank you’) in both languages. The...

Author(s):   M. A. Alo      

  • Article Number: BA820E740930

April 2010

Interplay between philosophy and history: Additional justification for course enrollments across disciplines

This paper seeks to revisit the bonds between history and philosophy and to unravel not just the enormously fertile ground lying fallow for so long between them, but also the inevitability of one to the other. In the main body of the study, it was discovered that any serious claim to explore what the term ‘history’ stands for must strive, first of all, to surmount some inherent epistemological, semantical,...

Author(s):   Chukwugozie Maduka and Leo Otoide        

  • Article Number: CFDBA1F40925

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