African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 187

AJHC Articles

Mechanisms and challenges for managing disaster in Bangladesh

August 2011

  Bangladesh is a developing country in South Asia which has approximately fourteen core population. It is also known as a disaster prone country and is surrounded by thousands of rivers such as the Ganges, the Brahamaputra, and the Meghna and so on. The Himalayan range to the North and the Bay of Bengal in the South creates a complex weather system. Bangladesh is a common victim of natural calamities due to...

Author(s):   Faraha Nawaz and Md Nurun Nabi Shah        

Analysis of the socio-economic and cultural implications of environmental degradation in Northern Ghana using qualitative approach

August 2011

  This article employs mainly the qualitative approach to study and interpret local people’s understanding of environmental degradation in Northern Ghana. Environmental resources in the area are characterized by dry savannah climate and vegetation, poor soils, and irregular rainfall patterns leading to poor yields and low levels of output. The area is one of the most degraded regions in Ghana, and this is...

Author(s):   Isaac Agyemang    

Crisis of communal leadership: Post-colonial local government reform and administrative conflict with traditional authorities in the communal areas of Zimbabwe, 1980-2008

July 2011

  Rural local government reform measures adopted by the new Government of Zimbabwe at independence in 1980 were largely inspired by the state's modernization initiatives and the need to create a framework for expanded delivery of services to the peasant communities in order to redress the imbalances of colonial neglect. However, the reform measures also sought to undermine the authority of traditional...

Author(s):   Godfrey Tabona Ncube    

Colonialism and African cultural values

July 2011

  It is no longer a debate that pre-colonial African life was heavily influenced by religion. Almost every aspect of life was seen and interpreted in the supernatural. The belief that the ancestors played prominent roles in the maintenance of morality in the community hardly dies, even today. However, it is true that colonialism altered the belief and values of the Africans significantly, just as its structure...

Author(s): Benson O. Igboin 

A critique of modernization and dependency theories in Africa: Critical assessment

June 2011

  The way states and development specialists rationalize how to commit economic resources to development is influenced, to a greater extent by their level of persuasion towards specific development theories. The discourse assesses the influence of modernization and dependency theories on Africa’s development. The conclusion is that both theories have failed to help develop Africa. The discourse pins hope...

Author(s):   J. Matunhu    

Perceptions on cultural significance and heritage conservation: A case study of Sussan Wenger’s building, Osogbo, Nigeria

June 2011

  The built environment is the history of man. The undying stones of monuments are the tables from which this history can be read. Thus, the life of man in the past, its values in the present and directions for the future are embellished on these stones. Historic cultural heritages cannot be expressed in any other better form than in buildings. Sussan Wenger’s building located in Osogbo, Nigeria is one of...

Author(s):   Adedeji Joseph Adeniran and Fadamiro Joseph Akinlabi        

Christianity as an Ideological Instrument: A postcolonial reading of Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God

May 2011

  This paper attempts to reveal how the Christian religion was used in colonizing African peoples according to Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God. Colonists regularly use subtle and indirect ways to colonize people before and after independence; one of these methods was through ideology. The paper depicts the ways in which Christianity as an ideological instrument was used as a tool for colonization....

Author(s):   Seyed Mohammad Marandi and Reyhaneh Sadat Shadpour        

Gold mining and the socio-economic development of Obuasi in Adanse

May 2011

  This article seeks to project the important role played by gold mining in economic development of modern areas of Obuasi and Adanse in Ghana. It challenges those scholars who doubt the transformative, developmental and poverty alleviation roles of the mining industry in Ghana. The study is based on archival and oral research, and it arguments are articulated in a historical narrative fashion that link the...

Author(s):   Emmanuel Ababio Ofosu-Mensah      

The relevance of migration to settlement pattern in Igbominaland

April 2011

  Migration is an integral part of the history of mankind. Prior to the evolution of nation-state system, trans-continental migrations were the order of the day in all parts of the globe. Migration has also been part of Yoruba history taking from the classic version of the legend of Lamurudu/Oduduwa that associates the origin of Yoruba to migration from Mecca. It was as a result of migration of Oduduwa from...

Author(s):   E. O. Ibiloye    

Conflict and alternative dispute resolution among the Afar pastoralists of Ethiopia

April 2011

  A study was conducted on institutions of conflict resolution in the Northern Afar administration. The main objective was to examine alternative mechanisms of peace-making with a prime focus on informal indigenous structures. An attempt was made to assess such institutions vis-à-vis changing circumstances in the political and socio-economic arena. The paper found out that, following disputes, people...

Author(s):   Kelemework Tafere Reda      

The politics of the government of national unity (GNU) and power sharing in Zimbabwe: Challenges and prospects for democracy

March 2011

  September 2008 marked a new era in Zimbabwean politics, as a united front between the major political parties enabled the forging of an agreement that laid the foundation for a government of national unity. The unity government has brought hope not only to Zimbabweans but also to the international community for many view it as a purveyor of better moves for the country and its overall standing in the region...

Author(s):   Percyslage Chigora and Tobias Guzura        

Real political empowerment or political Gimmick? An experience of women with guns under ZANU PF during the liberation struggle 1972-1980

March 2011

  During and after the liberation struggle, ZANU PF boasted of having liberated women from the clutches of patriarchy by according women the same status with men in the liberation struggle. The party posed as the liberator of its women folk and mythologized female emancipation upon which it could congratulate itself. These  writers’ will demonstrate in these and other matters that the political...

Author(s):   Dorothy Goredema and Percyslage Chigora        

Enhancing local governance through local initiatives: Residents’ associations in Zimbabwe

February 2011

  Residents associations are a local initiative by residents within a specific community. Through residents associations, citizens have been able to keep local authorities in check and to demand accountability. With the economic crises facing many countries across the globe and the world recession setting in, as well as the economic meltdown in Zimbabwe over the last few years, which was exacerbated by a...

Author(s):   Jephias Mapuva    

Reconstruction of the palaeoenviroment of Wadi Farja (Nile, third cataract) from zooarchaeological remains

February 2011

  Wadi Farja is a dry Holocene palaeochannel situated in northern Sudan on the eastern bank of the Nile, immediately north of the Third Cataract region. The human occupation of the Wadi peaked in the Neolithic (5000 to 3000 BC) through Kerma (2500 to 1500 BC) periods. The Wadi is relatively rich in bioarchaeological materials, such as mammalian bone fragments, fish bones and bivalve shells. It is concluded that...

Author(s):   Yahia Fadl Tahir    

Cultural theory and cultural dialogue in the 21st century

November 2010

  Art is necessarily a cultural system, and culture in its mutation moves in the direction of societal becoming in the same manner as it dictates the direction of artistic creations and recreations. However, as the world, especially Africa, is being dragged along in the imperialist project of globalization, this paper interrogates the fate of cultural theory again, as it especially affects literary criticism of...

Author(s):   Ameh Dennis Akoh    

Teachers’ and students’ perceptions of psychological factors contributing to violent behaviour among public secondary school students in western province, Kenya

November 2010

  Violence is not a new phenomenon in the modern educational system.  It is manifested in the form of rioting, sexual violence, fighting and bullying. The purpose of this study is to establish teachers’ and students’ perceptions of psychological factors contributing to violent behavior among public secondary school students in the western province of Kenya. The study was based on the social...

Author(s):   Moses Wesang’ula Poipoi, John O. Agak and Eric K. Kabuka        

Minoan culture and tourism

October 2010

  The Greek culture was enormously influenced by the Minoan culture, as was its foundation stone. It had been developing in Crete from the 3rd millennium to 2ndmillennium BC and being an ode to joy and life. The frescoes representing noble dresses and jewelry of Cretan females, pleasure in sports activities and nature, as well as serene and happy people are genuine masterpieces. A substantial number of...

Author(s):   Snezana Besermenji, Tatjana Pivac, Miroslav Vujicic and Athanasios P. Stamos        

Relationship between capacity building and employee productivity on performance of commercial banks in Kenya

October 2010

  This article of this paper is based on a research project carried out on commercial banks in Kakamega Central District, Kenya focusing on the influence of employee productivity on organizational performance which investigated the impact of capacity building and employee productivity in commercial banks since this leads to increase in performance as empirical research has proved. Kenya has experienced banking...

Author(s):   Kadian W. Wanyama and S. N. Mutsotso        

Cotton in West Africa: The economic and social stakes (2006). Book review, OECD publishing, Paris, pp. 127, ISBN: 92–64–022505 7

August 2010

  Since their inception multilateral institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) have always been at loggerheads with Africans and African producers. These institutions have been blamed for advancing an agenda that exploits third world countries (3WCs) resources for the benefit of the north, debates at WTO forums have been most acrimonious with the...

Author(s):   Peter  Makaye    

A pragmatic appraisal of the translation of Yoruba discourse markers into English

August 2010

  This paper examines the translation of discourse markers in Yoruba with the aim of identifying their pragmatic functions and constraints faced in their translation into English. The methodology of contrastive analysis is adopted in our analysis to identify similarities and differences in the use and function of specific discourse markers (‘yes’ and ‘thank you’) in both languages. The...

Author(s):   M. A. Alo      

Interplay between philosophy and history: Additional justification for course enrollments across disciplines

April 2010

This paper seeks to revisit the bonds between history and philosophy and to unravel not just the enormously fertile ground lying fallow for so long between them, but also the inevitability of one to the other. In the main body of the study, it was discovered that any serious claim to explore what the term ‘history’ stands for must strive, first of all, to surmount some inherent epistemological, semantical,...

Author(s):   Chukwugozie Maduka and Leo Otoide        

Identity politics and the Jos crisis: Evidence, lessons and challenges of good governance

April 2010

Concerns with identity politics especially those woven around conflict have got an almost outrageous timeliness. The salient global role of ethnic and religious identity as it affects everything from democratic development to risk of disruptive communal conflicts at domestic level has become an important dimension of present-day world societies, looming largely in multiethnic societies. This paper takes a critical look...

Author(s):   Terhemba Nom Ambe-Uva      

War, violence and language in Ken Saro-Wiwa’s Sozaboy

February 2010

This essay is based on Ken Saro-Wiwa’s novel, titled Sozaboy. Apart from using this novel to interpret [DBMS1]  and locate the history and politics of Nigeria within a particular period, the essay tried to look at the 1967 - 1970 Nigeria’s civil war as fictionalized by Ken Saro-Wiwa, the nature of the language and implications on the English language in Nigeria. It also attempted an understanding of the...

Author(s):   Chijioke Uwasomba      

Place of religion in nation building and security in Nigeria: A historical survey of Aro expedition of 1901

February 2010

National security is a sine qua non for political stability and socio-economic development of any nation. Religion is one of the recognized factors that can enhance or destabilize the security of any nation at any given period of history. Religious value systems play very significant role in collective self-awareness and identity, which draw together individuals, families and regions, and pull them towards...

Author(s):   Ezeh Mary-Noelle Ethel and Okonkwo Uche Uwaezuoke        

Culture and curriculum development in Nigerian schools

January 2010

  This paper was concerned with cultural bases of curriculum. It examined the influence of culture on curriculum development in Nigerian Schools since education is regarded as the transmission of culture in a process known as enculturation. It is a process of initiating the growing and inexperienced persons into the way of life in his society based on factors of culture which bring about changes in school...

Author(s):   E. D. Nakpodia      

Ama Ata Aidoo’s ‘black-eyed squint’ and the ‘voyage in’ experience: Dis(re)orienting blackness and subverting the colonial tale[1]

January 2010

  This essay endeavors to read Ama Ata Aidoo’s Our Sister Killjoy; or Reflections from a Black-eyed Squint with a postocolonially inflected consciousness. It aims at demonstrating how her work could be read as a sophisticated postcolonial revision of the colonial travel narrative whereby the protagonist’s black-eyed squint operates as ‘the all-seeing-eye’ to subvert the...

Author(s):   lhoussain Simour      

Fake heroines and the falsification of history in Zimbabwe 1980 - 2009

December 2009

  The ideology of femocracy is so entrenched in Zimbabwean politics that it has become a tradition. It started as a tendency during the liberation struggle of making room and integrating a few women into politics. After independence, it developed into a habit of promoting the same women who had been exposed during the liberation struggle into political offices. Finally, at independence it became a tradition...

Author(s):   Dorothy Goredema and Percyslage Chigora  

Cultivation of positive cultural values and practices: A blueprint for African development

December 2009

  This paper investigates the influence of culture on development within the context of cultural values and practices in African societies. It limits its searchlight to the communal stage of African development. It operates on the assumption that a dialectical relationship exists between the past, the present and the future. It supposes that a faithful consideration of the merits and demerits of past events can...

Author(s):   Opafola S. Olayinka

Role of public participation in achieving development agenda of developing countries: The case of communities affected by surface mining of gold in the Asutifi district of the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana

October 2009

  The cumulative evidence of increasing human vulnerability to environmental change calls for a significant policy response and action on several fronts. At least since the 1960s, when environmental politics became institutionalised within western developed countries, scientists, interest groups, the media and local protests have been significant in shaping the development definition and resolution of...

Author(s):   Jones Lewis Arthur

A history of land measurement in Shashemene (Ethiopia), 1941 - 1974

October 2009

  In history, land tenure system refers to the social and administrative concept. It does not show physical or geographical concept. Land has been one of the most highly valued possessions of human society. In Ethiopia, the rules to measure, share and use land have evolved over time. In this regard, there are ample sources at Teshafe Tezaz Wolde-Mesqel Tariku Research Center. The collection of the Center...

Author(s):   Temesgen Gebeyehu  

The strength of political parties in Tanzania - A focus on local government councilor’s by-elections

September 2009

  This paper examines the strength of political parties in Tanzania Mainland focusing on the local government councilors by-elections of 2004. The first part provides an introduction, which explains the two types of strengths; that is, the number of voters supporting the party and the number of contestants willing to contest through the same. The second part covers the administration of local government...

Author(s):   A. S. Norman

Strangulated federalism’, resource rights agitations and the deepening crisis in the Niger- Delta

September 2009

This paper contends that the inverse application of the ideals of federalism is central to the festering crisis and bloodletting in the Niger-delta that have had a long history of injustice visited on the people. The population have in like manner responded with violence. From imperial humiliation through colonial exploitation, the region has journeyed to the present crisis of “internal slavery and...

Author(s): Victor Ukaogo

Rethinking religious encounters in Matabeleland region of Zimbabwe, 1860-1893

June 2009

  This article provides a new interpretation of the religious encounters that unfolded in Matabeleland region in the period between 1860 and 1893 from the perspective of Gramscian concept of hegemony and John and Jean Comaroff’s concept of cultural and colonial encounters. The focus of the article is on the nature of encounters, uneasy religious dualities, conversations, contestations, blending,...

Author(s): Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni

Prospects for the asset-based community development approach in Epworth and Ruwa, Zimbabwe: A housing and environmental perspective

June 2009

  This paper explores the dynamics of community building and development within the satellite towns to Harare, namely Epworth and Ruwa, based on a comparative analysis of the role of communities in the housing and habitat sector. That the poor are creative, co-operative and constructive in providing for themselves is undoubted. The 2 satellite towns of Epworth and Ruwa exhibit the multi-dimensions of self-aided...

Author(s): Innocent Chirisa

Traditional psychiatric healing in Igbo land, Southeastern Nigeria

June 2009

  In recent times there have been debates among health professionals on the desirability of integrating traditional health practices into orthodox medicine. This thinking was influenced by the resistance of some ailments to the orthodox healing methods as well as the proven efficacy of traditional healing processes in the treatment of some ailments. In Nigeria, the ambience of psychiatric victims or madmen at...

Author(s): Nwoko Kenneth Chukwuemeka

The role of referendum: A case of Ghana

May 2009

  This article presents a discussion on the role of the referendum in Africa with a case study of Ghana. It reveals the importance of referendum and the types of referendum as experienced in many countries with concentration on Ghana. It has concluded that referendum is important as allows majority stance to be assimilated as a decision as opposed to few who make decisions in most decision...

Author(s): Norman, A. S and Kwadwo, Sarfo Kantanka

Semantic map and ideology in select Nigerian poetic discourse

May 2009

  Since its acceptance within linguistic studies, the concept of ideology has generated an unimaginable array of interest within linguistics. Linguistic scholars are of the opinion that no linguistic construction is ‘neutral’ in its real sense. As well, numerous linguistic investigations have proved that ideology is woven in our everyday linguistic interaction but none of these have been able to...

Author(s): Romanus Aboh

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