African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 173

AJHC Articles

Cultural theory and cultural dialogue in the 21st century

November 2010

  Art is necessarily a cultural system, and culture in its mutation moves in the direction of societal becoming in the same manner as it dictates the direction of artistic creations and recreations. However, as the world, especially Africa, is being dragged along in the imperialist project of globalization, this paper interrogates the fate of cultural theory again, as it especially affects literary criticism of...

Author(s):   Ameh Dennis Akoh    

Teachers’ and students’ perceptions of psychological factors contributing to violent behaviour among public secondary school students in western province, Kenya

November 2010

  Violence is not a new phenomenon in the modern educational system.  It is manifested in the form of rioting, sexual violence, fighting and bullying. The purpose of this study is to establish teachers’ and students’ perceptions of psychological factors contributing to violent behavior among public secondary school students in the western province of Kenya. The study was based on the social...

Author(s):   Moses Wesang’ula Poipoi, John O. Agak and Eric K. Kabuka        

Minoan culture and tourism

October 2010

  The Greek culture was enormously influenced by the Minoan culture, as was its foundation stone. It had been developing in Crete from the 3rd millennium to 2ndmillennium BC and being an ode to joy and life. The frescoes representing noble dresses and jewelry of Cretan females, pleasure in sports activities and nature, as well as serene and happy people are genuine masterpieces. A substantial number of...

Author(s):   Snezana Besermenji, Tatjana Pivac, Miroslav Vujicic and Athanasios P. Stamos        

Relationship between capacity building and employee productivity on performance of commercial banks in Kenya

October 2010

  This article of this paper is based on a research project carried out on commercial banks in Kakamega Central District, Kenya focusing on the influence of employee productivity on organizational performance which investigated the impact of capacity building and employee productivity in commercial banks since this leads to increase in performance as empirical research has proved. Kenya has experienced banking...

Author(s):   Kadian W. Wanyama and S. N. Mutsotso        

Cotton in West Africa: The economic and social stakes (2006). Book review, OECD publishing, Paris, pp. 127, ISBN: 92–64–022505 7

August 2010

  Since their inception multilateral institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) have always been at loggerheads with Africans and African producers. These institutions have been blamed for advancing an agenda that exploits third world countries (3WCs) resources for the benefit of the north, debates at WTO forums have been most acrimonious with the...

Author(s):   Peter  Makaye    

A pragmatic appraisal of the translation of Yoruba discourse markers into English

August 2010

  This paper examines the translation of discourse markers in Yoruba with the aim of identifying their pragmatic functions and constraints faced in their translation into English. The methodology of contrastive analysis is adopted in our analysis to identify similarities and differences in the use and function of specific discourse markers (‘yes’ and ‘thank you’) in both languages. The...

Author(s):   M. A. Alo      

Interplay between philosophy and history: Additional justification for course enrollments across disciplines

April 2010

This paper seeks to revisit the bonds between history and philosophy and to unravel not just the enormously fertile ground lying fallow for so long between them, but also the inevitability of one to the other. In the main body of the study, it was discovered that any serious claim to explore what the term ‘history’ stands for must strive, first of all, to surmount some inherent epistemological, semantical,...

Author(s):   Chukwugozie Maduka and Leo Otoide        

Identity politics and the Jos crisis: Evidence, lessons and challenges of good governance

April 2010

Concerns with identity politics especially those woven around conflict have got an almost outrageous timeliness. The salient global role of ethnic and religious identity as it affects everything from democratic development to risk of disruptive communal conflicts at domestic level has become an important dimension of present-day world societies, looming largely in multiethnic societies. This paper takes a critical look...

Author(s):   Terhemba Nom Ambe-Uva      

War, violence and language in Ken Saro-Wiwa’s Sozaboy

February 2010

This essay is based on Ken Saro-Wiwa’s novel, titled Sozaboy. Apart from using this novel to interpret [DBMS1]  and locate the history and politics of Nigeria within a particular period, the essay tried to look at the 1967 - 1970 Nigeria’s civil war as fictionalized by Ken Saro-Wiwa, the nature of the language and implications on the English language in Nigeria. It also attempted an understanding of the...

Author(s):   Chijioke Uwasomba      

Place of religion in nation building and security in Nigeria: A historical survey of Aro expedition of 1901

February 2010

National security is a sine qua non for political stability and socio-economic development of any nation. Religion is one of the recognized factors that can enhance or destabilize the security of any nation at any given period of history. Religious value systems play very significant role in collective self-awareness and identity, which draw together individuals, families and regions, and pull them towards...

Author(s):   Ezeh Mary-Noelle Ethel and Okonkwo Uche Uwaezuoke        

Culture and curriculum development in Nigerian schools

January 2010

  This paper was concerned with cultural bases of curriculum. It examined the influence of culture on curriculum development in Nigerian Schools since education is regarded as the transmission of culture in a process known as enculturation. It is a process of initiating the growing and inexperienced persons into the way of life in his society based on factors of culture which bring about changes in school...

Author(s):   E. D. Nakpodia      

Ama Ata Aidoo’s ‘black-eyed squint’ and the ‘voyage in’ experience: Dis(re)orienting blackness and subverting the colonial tale[1]

January 2010

  This essay endeavors to read Ama Ata Aidoo’s Our Sister Killjoy; or Reflections from a Black-eyed Squint with a postocolonially inflected consciousness. It aims at demonstrating how her work could be read as a sophisticated postcolonial revision of the colonial travel narrative whereby the protagonist’s black-eyed squint operates as ‘the all-seeing-eye’ to subvert the...

Author(s):   lhoussain Simour      

Fake heroines and the falsification of history in Zimbabwe 1980 - 2009

December 2009

  The ideology of femocracy is so entrenched in Zimbabwean politics that it has become a tradition. It started as a tendency during the liberation struggle of making room and integrating a few women into politics. After independence, it developed into a habit of promoting the same women who had been exposed during the liberation struggle into political offices. Finally, at independence it became a tradition...

Author(s):   Dorothy Goredema and Percyslage Chigora  

Cultivation of positive cultural values and practices: A blueprint for African development

December 2009

  This paper investigates the influence of culture on development within the context of cultural values and practices in African societies. It limits its searchlight to the communal stage of African development. It operates on the assumption that a dialectical relationship exists between the past, the present and the future. It supposes that a faithful consideration of the merits and demerits of past events can...

Author(s):   Opafola S. Olayinka

Role of public participation in achieving development agenda of developing countries: The case of communities affected by surface mining of gold in the Asutifi district of the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana

October 2009

  The cumulative evidence of increasing human vulnerability to environmental change calls for a significant policy response and action on several fronts. At least since the 1960s, when environmental politics became institutionalised within western developed countries, scientists, interest groups, the media and local protests have been significant in shaping the development definition and resolution of...

Author(s):   Jones Lewis Arthur

A history of land measurement in Shashemene (Ethiopia), 1941 - 1974

October 2009

  In history, land tenure system refers to the social and administrative concept. It does not show physical or geographical concept. Land has been one of the most highly valued possessions of human society. In Ethiopia, the rules to measure, share and use land have evolved over time. In this regard, there are ample sources at Teshafe Tezaz Wolde-Mesqel Tariku Research Center. The collection of the Center...

Author(s):   Temesgen Gebeyehu  

The strength of political parties in Tanzania - A focus on local government councilor’s by-elections

September 2009

  This paper examines the strength of political parties in Tanzania Mainland focusing on the local government councilors by-elections of 2004. The first part provides an introduction, which explains the two types of strengths; that is, the number of voters supporting the party and the number of contestants willing to contest through the same. The second part covers the administration of local government...

Author(s):   A. S. Norman

Strangulated federalism’, resource rights agitations and the deepening crisis in the Niger- Delta

September 2009

This paper contends that the inverse application of the ideals of federalism is central to the festering crisis and bloodletting in the Niger-delta that have had a long history of injustice visited on the people. The population have in like manner responded with violence. From imperial humiliation through colonial exploitation, the region has journeyed to the present crisis of “internal slavery and...

Author(s): Victor Ukaogo

Prospects for the asset-based community development approach in Epworth and Ruwa, Zimbabwe: A housing and environmental perspective

June 2009

  This paper explores the dynamics of community building and development within the satellite towns to Harare, namely Epworth and Ruwa, based on a comparative analysis of the role of communities in the housing and habitat sector. That the poor are creative, co-operative and constructive in providing for themselves is undoubted. The 2 satellite towns of Epworth and Ruwa exhibit the multi-dimensions of self-aided...

Author(s): Innocent Chirisa

Traditional psychiatric healing in Igbo land, Southeastern Nigeria

June 2009

  In recent times there have been debates among health professionals on the desirability of integrating traditional health practices into orthodox medicine. This thinking was influenced by the resistance of some ailments to the orthodox healing methods as well as the proven efficacy of traditional healing processes in the treatment of some ailments. In Nigeria, the ambience of psychiatric victims or madmen at...

Author(s): Nwoko Kenneth Chukwuemeka

Rethinking religious encounters in Matabeleland region of Zimbabwe, 1860-1893

June 2009

  This article provides a new interpretation of the religious encounters that unfolded in Matabeleland region in the period between 1860 and 1893 from the perspective of Gramscian concept of hegemony and John and Jean Comaroff’s concept of cultural and colonial encounters. The focus of the article is on the nature of encounters, uneasy religious dualities, conversations, contestations, blending,...

Author(s): Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni

Semantic map and ideology in select Nigerian poetic discourse

May 2009

  Since its acceptance within linguistic studies, the concept of ideology has generated an unimaginable array of interest within linguistics. Linguistic scholars are of the opinion that no linguistic construction is ‘neutral’ in its real sense. As well, numerous linguistic investigations have proved that ideology is woven in our everyday linguistic interaction but none of these have been able to...

Author(s): Romanus Aboh

The role of referendum: A case of Ghana

May 2009

  This article presents a discussion on the role of the referendum in Africa with a case study of Ghana. It reveals the importance of referendum and the types of referendum as experienced in many countries with concentration on Ghana. It has concluded that referendum is important as allows majority stance to be assimilated as a decision as opposed to few who make decisions in most decision...

Author(s): Norman, A. S and Kwadwo, Sarfo Kantanka

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