African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 757

AJPS Articles

Analysis of pathogen virulence of wheat stem rust and cultivar reaction to virulent races in Tigray, Ethiopia

June 2012

Wheat stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici is amongst the biotic factors which can cause up to 100% yield loss during epidemic years. The highland of Ethiopia is considered as a hot spot for the development of stem rust diversity. This study was carried out to analyze the virulence diversity of P. graminis f. sp. tritici and evaluate the seedling reaction of...

Author(s): Teklay Abebe, Getaneh Woldeab and Woubit Dawit

Effect of exposure time of fast neutron irradiation on growth and yield parameters of Capsicum annum and Capsicum frutescens

June 2012

In order to assess the effect of fast neutron irradiation (FNI) on growth and yield parameters of Capsicum annum and Capsicum frutescens, 400 dry seeds of each species were exposed to FNI from an Americium Beryllium source with a flux of 1.5 ×104 n.cm2/s for five irradiation exposure...

Author(s): Olamide Ahmed Falusi , Oladipupo Abdulazeez Yusuf Daudu and Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva        

Genetic divergence in mustard (Brassica spp. L)

April 2012

A field experiment was conducted with 25 mustard (Brassica spp. L) genotypes on the farm of Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh from November 2009 to February 2010, to study the genetic diversity present among the genotypes. Eleven quantitative characteristics, namely plant height, days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, number of primary branches per plant, number of...

Author(s): Dilara Afroz Shathi, M. Arifuzzaman, B. K. Biswas, M. Hasanuzzaman and A. K. Azad    

A viewpoint toward farm management and importance of barberry in sustainable rural livelihood in desert regions in east of Iran

April 2012

This study was to determine the mechanism underlying the hypoglycaemic activity of the aqueous extract perfusion of rosemary in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The sugar level and lipid profile were investigated in plasma of normal andstreptozotocin-induced diabetic rats treated with rosemary for four weeks. Diabetic rats exhibited an increase in the levels of sugar, cholesterol, triglycerides...

Author(s): Farhood Golmohammadi and Mohammad Karim Motamed        

Effects of rosemary on lipid profile in diabetic rats

April 2012


Author(s): Abdulrahim Aljamal, Abdallah Ibrahim, Mohammad A. Al-Fararjeh and Taha Alqadi

Influence of bulb topping and intra row spacing on yield and quality of some shallot (Allium Cepa Var. Aggregatum) varieties at Aneded woreda, western Amhara

March 2012

Lack of improved varieties and production practices have been the bottlenecks of shallot productivity in Amhara region. Bulb topping have been traditionally practiced among shallot growers in the region though its importance remained controversial among interested groups worldwide. There was no recommended spacing for shallot in the study area and farmers used to practice broadcasting. Thus, a field experiment was...

Author(s): Dereje Ademe, Derbew Belew and Getachew Tabor        

Limonene synthase gene expression under different concentrations of manganese in Cuminum cyminum L.

March 2012

Semi-quantiative real time polymerase chain reaction (SQ-RT-PCR) was applied to study Limonene synthase (LS) gene expression pattern and the response to different concentrations of manganese in different organs of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.). The results revealed that the gene was expressed in very small (< 2 mm) and small (3-4 mm) flowers and also in shoots, while it was not expressed in roots, leaves, medium...

Author(s): Fatemeh Zarinkamar, Maryam Ghannadnia and Raheem Haddad    

Effect of oil types as pollutants on physiognomic characteristics of Gmelina arborea in the tropical rainforest zone of Nigeria

March 2012

The research was designed at studying the effect of oil pollution on the physiognomic characteristics of Gmelina arborea and the pollutants used are diesel oil and spent engine oil respectively. The experiment lasted for 6 months before analysis was done. Five treatments were carried out separately for diesel oil and spent engine oil in which the application of pollutants was at the rate 0, 400, 800, 1200 and...

Author(s): Alamu L. O., Ojo A. O. and Ogunesan B. A.      

Evaluation of some okra (Abelmoschus spp L.) germplasm in Ghana

March 2012

Twenty-five accessions of okra collected from different parts of Ghana were evaluated for their horticultural and agronomic attributes in the major and minor cropping seasons of 2008 at the crop and soil sciences experimental field, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) Kumasi, Ghana, using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. The objectives of the experiment were...

Author(s): D. Oppong-Sekyere , R. Akromah, E. Y. Nyamah, E. Brenya and S. Yeboah      

A study of the initial establishment of multi - purpose moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) at various plant densities, their effect on biomass accumulation and leaf yield when grown as vegetable

February 2012

A field study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different plant spacing on growth, biomass accumulation and initial establishment of Moringa oleifera multi-purpose tree. This was a one factor experiment comprising of five different plant spacing carried out in randomised design (RCBD) in three blocks at the University of Zimbabwe, Crop Science Department. The main objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Maria Goss

Growing ecologically clean potato seed material

February 2012

The article showed the results of raising the coefficient of tubers reproduction due to the thickness of the planting and mass of the seed material. It was found out that to raise the coefficient of potato tubers reproduction in the system of seed growing in the optimal fertilizing area of 70 × 15 m2 and average mass of the planting tuber 30 to 50 g, it is purposeful to raise the thickness of the per hectare to...

Author(s): M. K. Abdurakhimov    

Effects of soil nutritional status on seedling nursery performance of Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica var arizonica Greene) and Medite cypress (Cupressus sempervirens var. horizantalis (Mill.) Gord)

February 2012

The present research was carried out to determine the influence of different combinations of organic matter as growing media on seed germination, survival, growth, biomass and performance of needle-leaved Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica var arizonica Greene) and Medite cypress (C. sempervirens var. horizantalis (Mill.) Gord) seedlings in Koloudeh nursery, located in Amol city...

Author(s): Fatemeh Ahmadloo, Masoud Tabari,Hamed Yousefzadeh, Yahya Kooch and Ahmad Rahmani        

The position of Pinus roxburghii in the forests of Kotli hills, Azad Jammu and Kashmir

February 2012

Thirteen plant communities were recorded from Kotli hills during Monsoon, 2010 to see the present position of Pinus roxburghii. The data show that in six communities P. roxburghii was purely dominating while in two communities P. roxburghii occurs in association with Themeda anathera, Olea ferruginea and the remaining five communities were dominated by Adhatoda zeylanica, Acacia...

Author(s): Muhammad S. A., Malik Z. H., Malik N. Z. and Sadia M. A    

An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal plants used to treat livestock diseases in Seharti-Samre district, Northern Ethiopia

February 2012

Ethnoveterinary medicine is frequently used for treating livestock diseases by many different ethnic groups in Ethiopia. Nearly 90% of livestock population in Ethiopia use plant based traditional medicines as their major health care system. This study was conducted to identify ethnoveternary medicinal plants used for the treatment of livestock ailments in Seharti-Samre district, northern Ethiopia. Ethnoveterinary data...

Author(s): Gidey Yirga, Mekonen Teferi, Gebrerufael Gidey and Samuel Zerabruk    

Studies on the prospects and some problems of sand dune vegetation at the fragile coastal zones of West Bengal and Orissa, in Eastern India

January 2012

Platostoma africanum P. Beauv. is a tropical plant species valued for its efficacy in traditional medicinal system in West Africa. Although studied for its chemical properties, no cytogenetic study has been reported on this plant species. Axillary buds obtained from the growing plants were used to conduct mitotic study. Results obtained in this study showed that P. africanum is a diploid species with...

Author(s): Tamal Chakraborty, Amal Kumar Mondal and Sanjukta Mondal Parui  

Effect of soybean (Glycine max) leaf extracts on germination and early growth of speargrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Reauschel

January 2012

Allelopathy in plants can be instrumental in the suppression of weeds in a crop-weed interaction. Soybean has been found to exhibit allelopathetic effects by inhibiting speargrass germination and subsequent growth. The results showed that soybean and velvet bean extracts significantly reduced speargrass germination by 46 and 54% respectively. There was significant reduction in shoot and root length of speargrass by 37...

Author(s): Aluko Olubunmi A., Chikoye D. and Smith Muftau A. K.          

Investigation of the effect of salt stress on the antioxidant enzyme activities on the young and old leaves of salsola (Stenoptera) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.)

January 2012

We can define all negative factors affecting plant growth as stress. We can say that one of the most important problems among stress factors is salt stress. Although, many researches have been done regarding the effects of salt stress, especially the different responses to salt stress among young and old leaves are being investigated nowadays. For this purpose, responses to salt stress on young and old leaves of salsola...

Author(s): Mahmut DoÄŸan    

Study on florets harvest effects on grain and oil yields and their components in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)

January 2012

We can define all negative factors affecting plant growth as stress. We can say that one of the most important problems among stress factors is salt stress. Although, many researches have been done regarding the effects of salt stress, especially the different responses to salt stress among young and old leaves are being investigated nowadays. For this purpose, responses to salt stress on young and old leaves of salsola...

Author(s): M. Sharrifmoghaddasi    

Yield stability of stem borer resistant maize hybrids evaluated in regional trials in east Africa

January 2012

Twenty-seven stem borer-resistant maize hybrids and three checks were evaluated in 14 locations in Kenya and Ethiopia to study the genotype x environment interaction (GEI) and yield stability. An analysis of variance was conducted for grain yield, number of days to silking, plant height, ear height and grain moisture content, and reaction to turcicum leaf blight, gray leaf spot, maize streak virus diseases and common...

Author(s): Yoseph Beyene, Stephen Mugo, Tadele Tefera, James Gethi, John Gakunga, Samuel Ajanga, Haron Karaya, Ruth Musila, Wilson Muasya, Regina Tendeand Stephen Njoka  

Determination and comparing of the essential oil components in wild and cultivated populations of Thymus kotschyanus Boiss. & Hohen

January 2012

Thymus kotschyanus Boiss. & Hohen. is a grassy, permanent herb which belongs toLabiatae family and grows wild in some regions of Iran including West Azarbaijan province. In this study, variations in the quantity and quality of the essential oils of wild and cultivated populations of T. kotschyanus are reported. The aerial parts of T. Kotschyanus at the beginning of flowering stage (20%...

Author(s): Mohamad Pirigharnaei Samad Zare, Reza Heidary, Jalil Khara and Reza EmamaliSabzi        

Karyotype characterization of Platostoma africanum P. Beauv. in Southeastern Nigeria

January 2012

Platostoma africanum P. Beauv. is a tropical plant species valued for its efficacy in traditional medicinal system in West Africa. Although studied for its chemical properties, no cytogenetic study has been reported on this plant species. Axillary buds obtained from the growing plants were used to conduct mitotic study. Results obtained in this study showed that P. africanum is a diploid species with...

Author(s): Aikpokpodion P. O. and Edet O. U.  

Validation of the use of secondary traits and selection indices for drought tolerance in tropical maize (Zea mays L.)

January 2012

Breeding progress for drought tolerance in maize has been slow since drought tolerance is a complex trait controlled by many genes. Breeders improving maize for drought tolerance have therefore been using secondary traits and selection indices for selecting the best genotypes under drought stress. The objectives of this study were to determine the combining ability of the inbred lines in stress and non stress...

Author(s): Xavier Mhike, Patrick Okori, Cosmos Magorokosho and Thokozile Ndlela        

Response of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) to cadmium toxicity: Growth, element uptake, chlorophyll content and photosynthesis rate

January 2012

The effect of cadmium (Cd) accumulation on mineral composition in roots and shoots, growth development, chlorophyll and water content of tomato (Solanum lycopersiconMill 63/5F1) seedlings was tested under doses of 0 (control), 10, 50 and 100 µM. Cadmium accumulation was defined by elevated concentrations as 50 to 100 µM in root and shoot tissues. Element uptake by roots and shoot was negatively affected...

Author(s): Chiraz Chaffei Haouari, Afef Hajjaji Nasraoui, Donia Bouthour, Maaroufi Dghimi Houda, Chiraz Ben Daieb, Jamel Mnai and Houda Gouia        

Effects of food spices on Gram-negative food indicator bacteria from some Nigerian ethnic fermented plant food condiments

January 2012

Varied but multiple antibiotic resistance rates were exhibited by all the foodborne indicator bacterial species, Citrobacter, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter, Klebsiella,Morganella morganii, Salmonella, Shigella, Pseudomonas isolated from four most-popular Nigerian indigenous fermented plant food condiments ogiri, iru, okpehe andugba. The generally...

Author(s): Adenike  A. O. Ogunshe, Zibi M. Johnny and Amala O. Arinze      

Vegetation and flora dynamic of the fallow of the national centre of floristic (NCF) of Cocody-Abidjan University (Ivory Coast)

January 2012

The flora and the vegetation of the fallow of the National Centre of Floristic (NCF) were analyzed 14 years after first inventory was carried out in 1995. The objective of this study was to evaluate the evolution of the flora and the vegetation of the fallow of the NCF. Thus, the fallow was divided into 4 layers representing each one with homogeneous plot. The methodology of inventory adopted is the combination of the...

Author(s): Ipou Ipou J., Koffi K. A. D., Ouattara D, and N’Guessan K. E.,        

A community analysis of Quercus baloot Griff, forest District Dir, Upper Pakistan

January 2012

Twenty-two relatively undisturbed Quercus baloot dominating stands were surveyed on different physiographic situations in district Dir upper Pakistan. The purpose of the study was to investigate the types and structure of plant communities and ecological status ofQ. baloot using agglomerative cluster analysis and detrended correspondence analysis (DCA ordination). The distribution pattern and influential...

Author(s): Nasrullah Khan    

Genotype × season interaction and characters association of some Sesame (sesamum indicum L.) genotypes under rain-fed conditions of Sudan

January 2012

The experiment was carried out at Gedarif Agricultural Research Station Sudan, during the rainy seasons 08/09 and 09/2010, to estimate the genotype x season interaction and to asses the characters association for seven sesame genotypes. A randomized complete block design with four replicates was used. The...

Author(s): Salah Balla M. Ahmed and Abubakri  F. Ahmed        

Pollen morphology of Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) Kuntze in Nigeria

January 2012

The pollen of Tacca leontopetaloides collected from four different locations across Nigeria was prepared and studied under the light microscope. The exine pattern was observed to be fairly striate in all samples from the four different locations, while all the grains were monosulcate. Based on the polar axis size, the pollen sample from Akoko (sample A) was small sized, while the rest are medium sized. The...

Author(s): T. I. Borokini and A. E. Ayodele        

Innovations in resource management for sustainable rice based farming

December 2011

Agricultural practice cannot be sustainable unless and until it is improving or at least conserving the natural resource base. There is need for a shift in outlook of viewing only the immediate benefits of farming practices. Rather, farming practices should be judged in terms of its effects on natural resources and environment, besides benefits in terms of yield and quality. Some ways and means of managing external...

Author(s): S. K. Rautaray    

Response of Ethiopian durum wheat genotypes to water deficit induced at various growth stages

December 2011

Understanding the effect of water stress on yield and its components is the essential step in developing of high yielding and stable genotypes. Substantial reduction in grain yield can be caused by water deficit depending on the intensity, duration and the developmental stage at which water stress occurred. An experiment was conducted in the lathouse at Sinana Agricultural Research Center in...

Author(s): Ashinie Bogale and Kindie Tesfaye      

Yield potential evaluation and path analysis of different sesame genotypes under various levels of iron

December 2011

In order to evaluate yield potential of different genotypes of sesame under different levels of iron micronutrient and determinate the most effective traits on the yield, the experiment was carried out as split plot based on randomized complete block design at Jiroft during 2008. Treatments consisted of three levels of Fe fertilizer (chalet 138) (0, 5 and 10 kg/ha) as the main factor and different genotypes of sesame...

Author(s): Rahimeh Kurdistani and Enayatollah Tohidinejad

Sunflower seed invigoration by chemical manipulation

December 2011

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L. cv. Morden) seeds lose viability at a rapid pace under accelerated ageing (AA) condition. Pretreatment of the seeds with salicylic acid and ascorbic acid for 8 h before imposition of accelerated ageing treatment in desiccator (99.1% RH and 32 ± 2°C) or continuous treatment of the seeds with Eucalyptus oil vapour for 60 days in a separate desiccator under the same...

Author(s): Chandan Kumar Pati and Aloke Bhattacharjee    

Effect of storage temperature and packaging materials on seed germination and seed-borne fungi of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.) in South West Nigeria

December 2011

A laboratory experiment was conducted at Ibadan, Nigeria to determine the effect of storage temperature and packaging materials on the germination and associated seed-borne fungi of two accessions of sorghum seed (NG/SA/07/0194 and NGB/08/0270). The seeds were stored at three different storage temperature (gene bank temperature -5°C), freezing temperature (-20 ± 2°C) and ambient temperature (25 ±...

Author(s): Owolade O. F., Olasoji J. O. and Afolabi C. G.        

Interaction between maize phenology and transgenic maize hybrids on stalk rots following European corn borer infestation

December 2011

Field studies were carried out at Hoytville and Wooster, Ohio, USA from 2006 to 2008 to determine the influence of planting date and transgenic Bt maize on incidence and severity of stalk rots of maize. Transgenic and non-transgenic Bt maize hybrids with different maturity ratings were planted on late April/early May, mid-May and early June each year. The incidence and severity of the maize stalk rot complex were...

Author(s): Motshwari Obopile Ronald B. Hammond and Pierce A. Paul      

Volatile constituents of essential oils isolated from different parts of Alpinia calcarata Rosc

December 2011

The essential oils isolated from different parts of Alpinia calcarata Rosc. growing in Chittagong, Bangladesh, were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The leaf oil contained 1,8-cineole (28.48%) and camphor (21.40%) as the major constituents. The stem sheath oil had fenchyl acetate (19.16%) and carotol (16.77%) as the major compounds. On the other hand, the root oil...

Author(s): Md. Nazrul Islam Bhuiyan, Jaripa Begum and Nemai Chandra Nandi        

Effect of calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium on farm plantations of various agroeclogical zones of Punjab, Pakistan

December 2011

The immense impact of trees in the development of a country cannot be denied and over-emphasized. Pakistan has a narrow forest resource base extending over only about 4.8% (4.59% excluding farmland plantations) of its area, which is insufficient to provide the material needs for the growing population, expanding and to retard and arrest the ongoing environmental and ecological degradation process. Based on...

Author(s): Syed Muhammad Akmal Rahim, Shahida Hasnain and Jabeen Farkhanda            

Appraisal of methods for assessing black Sigatoka resistance in diploid banana populations

December 2011

Three black Sigatoka assessment protocols, (i) assessing disease severity 6 months after planting, (ii) estimating disease development over time in the different accessions, and (iii) assessing the youngest leaf spotted (YLS) at flowering were appraised. The assessment was implemented on 18 diploid accessions together with susceptible and resistant checks, planted in a 4 × 5 rectangular lattice design with two...

Author(s): A. Barekye, P. Tongoona, J. Derera, M. D. Laing and W. K. Tushemereirwe        

Early tests on tolerant kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes selection for drought stress

November 2011

In order to determine early selection parameters for drought stress tolerance, an experiment was carried out, in situ, in pots under controlled climatic conditions. Drought stress tolerance of eight “kabuli” chickpea type accessions (Béja1, Amdoun 1, Nayer, Kasseb, Bochra, FLIP96-114C, FLIP88-42C and ILC3279) was evaluated with four amounts of irrigation: 100, 75, 50 and...

Author(s): Kamel Ben Mbarek, Mohsen Boubaker and Tijani Mehoichi      

Cost analysis of on-farm adaptive research (OFAR) as a strategy for Hevea technology transfer in the rubber belt of Nigeria

November 2011

Author(s): D. Y. Giroh, Y. Waizah,  F. S. Yustus  and  P. Imarhiagbe

Change of some defense compounds of cucumber treated with Bacillus cereus and salicylic acid against Meloidogyne javanica

November 2011

In this research, the effects of antagonist bacterium (Bacillus cereus) and salicylic acid (SA) as chemical inducer alone and in combination against root knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica) as the most important nematode in Iran, on cucumber roots (cv. superdominus) was investigated. The used concentrations were 109 cfu/ml for bacteria and 5 mM for SA. In greenhouse experiments some parameters were...

Author(s): Sara Siahpoush, Navazollah Sahebani and Heshmatollah Aminian      

Mitotic chromosome studies of some accessions of African yam bean Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst. Ex. A. Rich.) Harm.

November 2011

In this study the chromosome number, chromosome length and mitotic indices of 21 accessions of African Yam Bean (AYB) were determined. To accomplish this, the best time to harvest growing root tips was identified by measuring mitotic index of chromosomes prepared from root tips of accession TSs148 collected at two hours interval within a 24 h study period from 8 am to 6 am of following day. Cell division occurred...

Author(s): Adesoye, A. I. and Nnadi, N. C.        

Assessment of disturbances caused by interaction of multinutrient deficiencies of sulphur, zinc and boron in mustard

November 2011

In higher plants, due to indiscriminate use of fertilizers, sometimes multiple deficiencies or toxicity is created in the growing medium, which disturbed the yield and metabolism of plants. To observe the effect of sulphur (S) deficiency on zinc (Zn) and boron (B) nutrition of mustard (Brassica  compestris L.) var. T9, plants were grown in refined sand in complete nutrition (control - 2 mM S, 1 µM...

Author(s): P. Sinha and C. Chatterjee      

In vitro propagation of Ceropegia juncea Roxb

November 2011

The present study was conducted to establish a protocol for in vitro propagation of an endemic medicinal plant Ceropegia juncea (Asclepiadaceae) from one month old aseptic seedling nodal explants. The highest shoot multiplication rate of 20.65 ± 0.20 shoots/explant was achieved on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with BAP 8.87 mM + TDZ  4.54 mM. Excised shoots were rooted...

Author(s): Krishnareddy P. V., Karuppusamy S. and Pullaiah T.        

Evaluation of cumin (Cuminum Cyminum L.) landraces under drought stress based on some agronomic traits

November 2011

The present study was conducted to establish a protocol for in vitro propagation of an endemic medicinal plant Ceropegia juncea (Asclepiadaceae) from one month old aseptic seedling nodal explants. The highest shoot multiplication rate of 20.65 ± 0.20 shoots/explant was achieved on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with BAP 8.87 mM + TDZ  4.54 mM. Excised shoots were rooted...

Author(s): Leili Motamedi-Mirhosseini, Ghasem Mohammadi-Nejad, Alireza Bahraminejad, Pooran Golkar and Zahra Mohammadinejad      

Green house assessment of drought tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) using some plant parameters

November 2011

A green house study was conducted between July and August, 2009 to test and determine the drought tolerance levels of ten maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes. The top soil used was retrieved from Bediease series (Chromic lixisol). Ten genotypes, (six inbred lines and four varieties) having different...

Author(s): E. Obeng-Bio, M. Bonsu, K. Obeng-Antwi and R. Akromah    

Comparative studies on consumption preference, mineral contents and proximate composition of five ecotypes of Gnetum aficanum Welw. from Northwest Cameroun and Southeast Nigeria

November 2011

A comparative study on the consumption preference, mineral contents and proximate composition of five ecotypes of the edible vegetable, Gnetum africanum Welw. was carried out. The five ecotypes were Umuahia ecotype, Calabar ecotype, Ikom ecotype, Eket ecotype (Nigeria) and Limbe ecotype (Cameroun). These five ecotypes were chosen because they represent a wide consumption range of the vegetable. The minerals...

Author(s): Etta Hannah Edim, Ijakeyi Blessing and Udo Sammuel      

Sensitivity of some quantitative and yield characters of ‘Egusi’ melon (Colocynthis citrullus L.) to treatment with microtubule inhibitors

November 2011

A major constraint in the improvement of ‘Egusi’ melon lies in the fact that attempts attransferring desirable genes into the plant from wild relatives are limited by interspecific hybridization barriers. Therefore, antimitotic agents were used as a means of introducing genetic variability for possible incorporation into breeding programmes of the crop. Seeds soaked in water and three different...

Author(s): Ebiamadon Andi Brisibe, Ogbu Udensi, Valentine O. Ntui, Peggy A. Otu and Peter N. Chukwurah        

Establishment of high-elevation fourwing saltbush (Atriplex canescens Pursh Nutt.) ecotypes in Northern Mexico´s oak-bunchgrass rangelands

November 2011

In Mexico, fourwing saltbush grows in shrubland ecosystems where the highest elevation is approximately 1,500 m, while in the United States of America (USA) it is found up to 2,400 m elevations. The objective was to evaluate the growth and survival of the Sandoval, Grants and Trinidad ecotypes in Mexico’s oak-bunchgrassland, as well as to characterize the soils of two high-elevation sites in southwest United...

Author(s): Rubén Alfonso Saucedo-Teran, Jose Luis Javier Badillo-Almaraz, Hector Rubio-Arias and Pedro Jurado-Guerra    

Rooting and vegetative growth responses of “difficult-to-root” Ixora coccinea and Ficus benjamina cv. ‘starlight’ to different stem cutting types and soilless media

November 2011

Studies were carried out at the Department of Horticulture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, to determine the rooting and vegetative growth responses of different stem cutting types (heel and straight) of Ixora coccineaand Ficus benjamina cv. ‘Starlight’ to different soilless media formulations over a 10-week period. Two experiments of a 2 × 6 factorial...

Author(s): Idun I. A., Kumah P. and Adzraku H. V.      

Stock of Prunus africana stems on the mount Cameroon forest

November 2011

Prunus africana is a species of the Rosaceae family, known under its trade/pilot name as pygeum or African cherry. The bark is the major source of an extract used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia, an increasingly common health problem in older men in the western world. A study for estimating the stock of the stems of P. africana was carried out in December 2010 – February...

Author(s): Jean Lagarde BETTI, Salomon Janvier BELINGA and Dagobert SAMBA          

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