African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 687

AJPS Articles

November 2010

Constituents of the essential oil from leaves and buds of clove (Syzigium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston)

  Essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation from fresh leaves and dry buds ofSyzigium caryophyllatum were analyzed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty eight components were identified in the leaf oil. The main components were eugenol (74.3%), eucalyptol (5.8%), caryophyllene (3.85%) and a-cadinol (2.43%). Thirty one components were identified in bud oil with the main components being...

Author(s): Md. Nazrul Islam Bhuiyan, Jaripa Begum, Nemai Chandra Nandi and Farhana Akter

  • Article Number: 6CDAB5012100

November 2010

Status of some species of rattans in the forests of the Western Ghats of Karnataka, India

  The rattans of Peninsular India belong to only one genus namely Calamus and of the 21 species reported here, 20 are from the western Ghats Forests. Of these, the status of Calamus delessertianus and Calamus rheedei is uncertain and of the remaining 18 species 15 are endemic to the Western Ghats. Among the five states falling within the jurisdiction of the Western Ghats, Karnataka...

Author(s): P. Rama Bhat, H. Soorya Prakash Shenoy and K. M. Kaveriappa

  • Article Number: 660E87B12112

November 2010

Correlation and path analysis for yield and yield contributing characters in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

  Correlation coefficients were determined in fifteen wheat genotypes for plant height, days to heading, days to maturity, 1000-kernel weight, spike length, number of tillers per plant, number of spikelets per spike and grain yield per plant. The result revealed that grain yield per plant was positively and highly significantly correlated with days to maturity but negatively and highly significantly associated...

Author(s): Muhammad Ilyas Khokhar, Makhdoom Hussain, M. Zulkiffal, Nadeem Ahmad and Waseem Sabar

  • Article Number: EF67F9812116

October 2010

Kinetics of drumstick leaves (Moringa oleifera) during convective drying

  Drying characteristics of drumstick leaves (Moringa oleifera) were investigated in a convective type dryer for a temperature range 50 to 80˚C at constant air velocity, 0.5 m/s. Results indicated that drying took place in the falling rate period. The sample dried at 60˚C was found better in color as compared to the samples obtained at 50, 70 and 80˚C. The chroma of the samples, dried in between 50 to 80˚C was...

Author(s): Monica Premi, H. K Sharma, B. C. Sarkar and C. Singh

  • Article Number: DB5027812026

October 2010

Variations among some Nigerian Cucurbita landraces

  The diversity among some Nigerian accessions of Cucurbita species was investigated using 19 quantitative and 14 qualitative characters. The result showed that the accessions evaluated differed significantly (p < 0.05) in most of the quantitative characters evaluated. The clustering based on quantitative character, grouped the various accessions into two clusters. However, clustering based on the...

Author(s): C. B. Aruah, M. I. Uguru and B. C. Oyiga

  • Article Number: 167E92B12014

October 2010

Effect of IBA and age of cuttings on rooting behaviour of Jatropha Curcas L. in different seasons in western Himalaya, India

  Present study deals with the effect of different concentrations of IBA on rooting behaviour of Jatropha curcas L. stem cuttings in different seasons. The study was carried out in Western Himalayan region in Uttarakhand, India during 2005-2006 in spring, monsoon and winter season.  The juvenile and mature cuttings of J. curcaswere treated with different concentration of IBA (0, 500,...

Author(s): Arvind Bijalwan and Tarun Thakur

  • Article Number: F1001ED12019

October 2010

Study of influence of temperature regimes on germination characteristics and seed reserves mobilization in wheat

  In a laboratory, experiment germination characteristics and seed reserves mobilization of wheat cultivars were evaluated at three temperature regimes (16, 26 and 36°C). Four heat tolerant cultivars (Gourab, Sourav, Kanchan and Shatabdi) and two heat sensitive cultivars (Sonora and Kalyansona) were used as study materials. Germination characteristics expressed as rate of germination, coefficient of...

Author(s): S. Sikder and N. K. Paul

  • Article Number: B7C984212033

October 2010

Slow growth conservation and molecular characterization of Deutzia scabra Thunb.

  Possibility of long-term storage in vitro of Deutzia scabra Thunb. shoots and their genetic stability were evaluated. The effect of mannitol concentrations (20 and 40 g/L), presence and absence of activated charcoal (AC) and temperature (24 or 4°C) in MS medium were studied in respect to survival percentage, number, length, leaves number of axillary shoots...

Author(s): A. M. M. Gabr and S. Sawsan Sayed

  • Article Number: A5D78F512041

October 2010

Pharmacological studies of Passiflora sp. and their bioactive compounds

  Human infections particularly those involving microorganisms that is, bacteria, fungi, viruses, nematodes, can cause serious infections in tropical and subtropical countries of the world. In recent years, multiple drug resistance in human pathogenic microorganisms has been developed due to indiscriminate use of commercial anti-microbial drugs commonly used in the treatment of such diseases. Plants have been...

Author(s): A. G. Ingale and A. U. Hivrale

  • Article Number: 4F5373312049

September 2010

Effects of slash and burning on soil microbial diversity and abundance in the tropical rainforest ecosystem, Ondo State, Nigeria

  This study was carried out to examine the effects of slash and burn on the diversity and abundance of soil microorganisms. Composite soil samples were collected from the study area before burning and two weeks after burning progressively for a period of three (3) months. The bacteria and fungi in the soil samples were isolated and identified. In addition, the pH, soil temperature and soil moisture content of...

Author(s): Adeduntan Sunday Adeniyi

  • Article Number: 6AFBD9611961

September 2010

Evaluation of cassava varieties for cassava mosaic disease resistance jointly by agro-inoculation screening and molecular markers

  The whitefly-transmitted cassava mosaic disease (CMD) has become a potential threat to cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) cultivation in ASEAN countries because of its devastating impact on cassava and overgrowth of whitefly vector regionally. To reduce the risk caused by the disease, it is necessary to evaluate the capacity of major cassava germplasms for CMD resistance to guide local farmers in...

Author(s): Huiping Bi, Mahender Aileni, and Peng Zhang

  • Article Number: BA2644011969

September 2010

Effects of low cost drying methods on seed quality of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Monech

  The effect of low cost drying methods on the seed quality of different genotypes of sorghum was investigated. Fresh seeds from five genotypes were subjected to three drying regimes, namely sun, shade and silica gel, and were compared to the standard recommended drying condition using a seed dryer (Munter seed dryer Model M120) as control. The effects of the drying regimes on seed moisture content, viability...

Author(s): Ali Zakaria Babiker, Mohammad Ehsan Dulloo, M. A. Mustafa El Balla and El Tahir Ibrahim

  • Article Number: 810185C11973

September 2010

Response of some ornamental flowers of family Ranunculaceae to sucrose feeding

  The effect of different concentrations of sucrose on some ornamental flowers of family Ranunculaceae was examined. Sucrose was found to enhance vase life in cut spikes of Aquilegia vulgaris and Consolida ajacis cv. Violet blue; besides it improves blooming, fresh and dry mass of flowers. A. vulgaris and C. ajacisexhibits abscission type of flower senescence, while senescence...

Author(s): Waseem Shahri, Inayatullah Tahir, Sheikh Tajamul Islam and Mushtaq Ahmad

  • Article Number: 4A09C2011982

September 2010

Seed germination and viability in two African Acacia species growing under different water stress levels

  Acacia species are important in forestation programs and for producing non-timber forest products in arid and semiarid zones, but few studies have been carried out concerning the effects of drought in the germination in order to understand the regeneration process of the species. In this paper, we studied the morphology and the germination pattern under different water stress of Acacia...

Author(s): Amelework Kassa, Ricardo Alía, Wubalem Tadesse, Valentin Pando and Felipe Bravo,

  • Article Number: 4FB072E11989

September 2010

Ecological distribution and feeding preferences of Iran termites

  From nine province of Iran, surveyed for wood destroying termites carried out, in 2008 - 2009, sixteen species were collected. Out of the 1050 plants examined in the nine provinces, only 190 were infested by termites. Maximum infestation (22.41%) was recorded in province of Sistan and Baluchestan. Anacanthotermesvagans (Hagen) and Microcerotermes diversus (Silvestri) were more...

Author(s): S. Ravan

  • Article Number: 27C23A511996

September 2010

Determining genetic diversity based on ribosomal intergenic spacer length variation in Marama bean (Tylosema esculentum) from the Omipanda area, Eastern Namibia

  Marama bean [Tylosema esculentum (Burchell) L. Schreiber] is an under-utilized non-nodulating legume, native to the arid and semi-arid areas of Southern Africa, including Namibia, South Africa and Botswana. Its primary benefit to man is based upon the high nutritional value of the seeds. The protein content is slightly higher than that of soybeans and the oil content is twice that of soybeans and...

Author(s): E. Nepolo, P. M. Chimwamurombe, C. A. Cullis and M. A. Kandawa-Schulz

  • Article Number: 554525012001

August 2010

Effect of sowing date and planting density on seed production of carrot (Daucus carota var. sativa) in Ethiopia

  An experiment was conducted in 2006 and 2007 cropping seasons to investigate the effect of sowing date and planting density on yield and quality of carrot seed. The crop was grown in factorial combination of four sowing dates (mid November, December, January and February) and four different planting densities (133 333, 200 000, 266 666, and 400 000 plants/ha) in randomized block design with three...

Author(s): Tesfu Mengistu and Charles Yamoah

  • Article Number: 10802AD11905

August 2010

Factors influencing soil CO2 efflux in Northeastern Indian oak forest and plantation

  Temporal changes in soil CO2 efflux rates were measured in a subtropical natural mixed oak forest and managed oak plantation in the Northeastern Himalayan region. Soil CO2 efflux rates in two ecosystems were correlated with key soil biotic (e.g. fungal, bacterial and actinomycetes populations) and abiotic (e.g. soil moisture, temperature, pH and organic carbon concentration) variables. Rate of...

Author(s): R. R. Pandey, G. Sharma, T. B. Singh and S. K. Tripathi

  • Article Number: 0A726A811908

August 2010

Effect of cutting positions and growth regulators on rooting ability of Gonystylus bancanus

  The effect of cutting positions and growth regulators on rooting ability ofGonystylus bancanus were studied. This study, aims to determine the effects of cutting positions (top, middle, and bottom) and hormonal treatments (control, Seradix 3, Planton 3000, IBA 100 mg and IBA 150 mg) on the rooting ability of G. bancanus. The top position recorded the highest survival percentage of 90.7%...

Author(s): A. S. Nor Aini, V. S. Guanih and P. Ismail

  • Article Number: AB3802F11914

August 2010

Some observations on the culture of attached groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) gynophores in simplified nutrient solutions

  Attached groundnut gynophores of Virginia line Virginia bunch strain 1 (VB-1), Spanish line TMV-3 and Valencia line CBBR4 were cultured singly in aerated, simplified nutrient solutions consisting of (2 μM iron (Fe) and 0.5 μM zinc (Zn) with or without 100 μM calcium (Ca). In all lines, normal and apparently healthy pods were produced in solutions containing Ca, whereas, pod growth was severely...

Author(s): E. Godfrey Zharare, F. C.  Pax Blamey and L. Colin Asher

  • Article Number: 2D1694111918

August 2010

Antimicrobial activity evaluation of the oleoresin oil of Pistacia vera L.

  The hydrodistilled essential oils from the exudates of Pistacia vera L. stems have been tested against three bacteria, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus andProteus using three methods: agar disc diffusion method, determination of MIC (minimal inhibitory concentrations) and in the liquid phase, by Maruzella method.The results obtained showed that E....

Author(s): Bachir Raho Ghalem and Benali Mohamed

  • Article Number: 6196C9811923

August 2010

The effects of some cryptogamic extracts on the primary productivity of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp

  The effects of hot and cold aqueous extracts of Barbula lambarenensis, Dryopteris flix-max; Nephrolepis davalloides, Phymatodes scolopenta, Platyceriumangolense and Azadrachta indica and Karate 2.5EC (chemical) on the primary productivity of cowpea were investigated. The extracts of the plant materials and the chemical were appropriately used to irrigate the cowpea twice a week...

Author(s): P. O. Fatoba and O. Rebecca Akolo

  • Article Number: D74C28411927

August 2010

Evaluation of intra and interspecific rice varieties adapted to valley bottom conditions in Burkina Faso

  Rice is one of the major staple foods in Burkina Faso and in-country production covers about 60% of the demand and 40% is met from imports. The immense potential of the lowlands in Burkina Faso for durable intensification of rice cropping have not been realised due to biotic and abiotic constraints. Hence, there is an urgent need to increase and improve the production of rice in order to meet up with the...

Author(s): M. Sié, S. A. Ogunbayo, D. Dakouo, I. Sanou, Y. Dembélé, B. N’dri, K. N. Dramé, K. A. Sanni, B. Toulou and R. K. Glele

  • Article Number: 532222511933

August 2010

An efficient protocol for in vitro clonal propagation of natural sweetener plant (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni)

  Leaf segments of Stevia were cultured on MS medium supplemented with varying concentrations (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 mg/L-1) of growth regulators (BAP and 2, 4-D). Ninety one percent aseptic cultures were obtained when sterilized with 0.1% HgCl2 for 10 min. The highest amount of callus was obtained in MS medium supplemented with1.0 mg/L-1 BAP+0.5 mg/L-1 2, 4-D, respectively. On the...

Author(s): Ashish Ojha, V. N. Sharma and Vinay Sharma

  • Article Number: 110A7A911944

July 2010

Influence of watering regime and mycorrhizae inoculations on the physiology and early growth of Acacia senegal (L.) Wild.

  Acacia senegal is endowed with features that give it potentials for ecosystem stabilization, anti-desertification and for production of high quality gum-Arabic. However, the natural population which is becoming low has been traced to poor seed germination and seedling survival. The influence of watering regime and mycorrhiza inoculation on some physiological parameters and early growth of A....

Author(s): M. B. Oyun, S. A. Adeduntan and S. A. Suberu

  • Article Number: FDC500911810

July 2010

High and low pressure gene gun devices give similar transformation efficiencies in maize calluses

  Maize (Zea mays) is a major food crop of the world. Biotechnology plays an important role in plant genetic improvement, particularly for the introduction of novel traits in order to improve agronomic performance, medical and industrial applications and food quality. Particle bombardment is a rapid and simple method that enables the generation of events and affords genes expression studies. Nonetheless, an...

Author(s): Cecilia Décima Oneto, Ezequiel Bossio, Germán González, Paula Faccio and Dalia Lewi

  • Article Number: 746A94F11836

July 2010

Effects of leaf harvest and season on the fruit yield of summer squash genotypes in Madagascar

  Summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) is one of the most popular vegetables in Madagascar, where it is grown for both leaves and fruit. Previous breeding efforts concentrated solely on high fruit yield. In recent years the demand for varieties that can produce edible fresh leaves and high fruits yield has increased. Our objective in this study was to evaluate the effects of leaf harvest and season on...

Author(s):   M. A. Yeboah, V. Katoch, R. Rakoto-Herimandimby, A. Rahantanirina and B. Rakotoarisoa

  • Article Number: 3654E6811852

July 2010

Genetic diversity and characterization of African eggplant germplasm collection

  Genetic diversity among 70 “scarlet eggplant” (Solanum aethiopicum L.) entries from different geographical origins was assessed. Entries were firstly evaluated for the main morphologic traits and chlorogenic acid content. Standard statistics and multivariate analyses were utilized to assess the phenotypic diversity and grouping the entries. In addition, amplified fragment length...

Author(s): F. Sunseri, G. B. Polignano, V. Alba, C. Lotti, V. Bisignano, G. Mennella, A. D’Alessandro, M. Bacchi, P. Riccardi, M. C. Fiore and L. Ricciardi

  • Article Number: 46FE16C11860

July 2010

A comparative study of morphological and molecular diversity in Ethiopian lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) landraces

  Genetic diversity assessment with different methods and their comparison could provide complementary information for improvement and conservation programs. However, such information is not available for Ethiopian lentil landraces. To fill this gap, nine morphological traits and four ISSR primers were used on seventy Ethiopian lentil landrace accessions to study morphological and genetic diversity among the...

Author(s): Edossa Fikiru, Kassahun Tesfaye and Endashaw Bekele

  • Article Number: 5BFC4E211867

July 2010

Assessment of traditional medicinal plants in Endrta District, South-eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

  Ethnobotanical data were collected between September and December, 2009 on six field trips to investigate medicinal knowledge and application of medicinal plants in Endrta Wereda (the lowest administrative unit in Ethiopia), South-eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Semi-structured interviews, observation and guided field walks with informants were employed to obtain ethnobotanical data. A total of 35...

Author(s): Gidey Yirga

  • Article Number: 42EFCD911873

July 2010

Comparative study on physicochemical variation for different samples of Cassia grandis Linn. leaves

  The present study is intended primarily to confirm changes with respect to quality of the drug. The variability in proper production unit, supply unit, methodology of collection and storage conditions were used to change the crude herbal drugs. The lack of knowledge of proper methodology, availability and more demands of herbal drugs for better treatment are promoting the practices of adulteration and...

Author(s): Mukesh Kumar Meena, Subodh Chand Pal, Abhishek Kumar Jain, Chandra Prakash Jain, Mahendra Singh Ashawat, Kalpesh Gaur and Anamika Jain

  • Article Number: 0FF634E11881

July 2010

Seed coating of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) in order to delay germination

  The idea tested was the restriction of water uptake as a means of influencing the germination rate of the coated seed. This led to the choice of an acrylic plastic polymer to be used as coating material. Assembled spinning disc equipment was used for coating the seeds. The germination tests of the coated seeds were performed in Petri dishes in a randomized complete blocks design with five replications. With...

Author(s): Khoshnood Alizadeh Dizaj

  • Article Number: 94140A211888

June 2010

Chemical manipulation of tomato growth and associated biochemical implications on flavonoid, lycopene and mineral contents

  The consumption of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) has been linked with reduced risk of chronic degenerative diseases. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the biochemical implications of bioregulator application on flavonoids, lycopene, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus and iron contents of tomato. Seeds of the tomato, genotype JM 94/47 were subjected to pre –germination...

Author(s): C. O. Olaiya and A. A. Adigun

  • Article Number: 8CE8EC611724

June 2010

Anatomy and morphology of Nicotiana glauca with regard to its crystals characterization

  Nicotiana glauca belongs to the Solanacese family of which Nicotiana tabacumand Nicotiana rustica are best known for their use as tobacco. N. glauca attains the greatest abundance and diversity in Central Argentina where it is considered native, and has been known as a weed in South Africa since the 19th Century. Extensive work on toxic effect of secondary metabolites extracted...

Author(s): Zoleka Mhinana, Buyisile Mayekiso and Michael L. Magwa

  • Article Number: 2C7ED5711729

June 2010

Changes in photosynthetic quantum yield of developing chloroplasts in lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) leaf during vegetative, bud and flowering stages

  Photosynthetic characteristics of the rotund or orbicular leaves of a monocarpic aquatic plant lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) leaves growing under direct sun light of tropics is studied and the developmental pattern of chloroplast along the foliage during vegetative, bud and flowering stages are studied by the measurement of the quantum efficiency of PS II photochemistry or photosynthetic quantum yield...

Author(s): Meena Misra and Amarendra Narayan Misra

  • Article Number: 841F7C211742

June 2010

Ethno-botanical survey of the non-timber forest products in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria

  An ethno-botanical survey of the non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria was carried out in 2008 with a view to determining the usefulness of the resources to farmers in peasant subsistence. A total of 150 useful species of both plant and animal origins was recorded as having various applications in the lives of the rural dwellers in the area. The result...

Author(s): O. M. Agbogidi

  • Article Number: 8ED349711749

June 2010

Seasonal distribution of soil fungi and chemical properties of montane wet temperate forest types of Tamil Nadu

  Forty eight soil samples were collected from Wet evergreen forest of Tamil Nadu, Southern India; the fungi from these soil samples were isolated in (June – July) South West monsoon and (November – December) North East resting monsoon both seasons. About different species belongs to various groups viz; Ascomycotina, Zygomycotina and Deuteromycotina were identified with the help of relevant...

Author(s): K. Saravanakumar and V. Kaviyarasan

  • Article Number: E4BDB9411758

June 2010

Essential oils analysis of the rhizomes of Alpinia conchigera Griff. and leaves of Alpinia malaccensis (Burm. f.) Roscoe from Bangladesh

  The essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation of the rhizomes of Alpinia conchigera Griff. and leaves of Alpinia malaccensis (Burm. f.) Roscoe were analysed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). 74 compounds were identified in A. conchigera rhizome oil among them, 40 had not been detected previously. The major chemical class was terpenoids, with eucalyptol (25.85%),...

Author(s): Mohammad Nazrul Islam Bhuiyan, Jasim Uddin Chowdhury, Jaripa Begum and Nemai Chandra Nandi

  • Article Number: 0AE9EEA11766

June 2010

Antibacterial potential of crude leaf extracts of Eucalyptus camaldulensis against some pathogenic bacteria

  The antibacterial activity of the crude leaf extracts of Eucalyptus camaldulensis  were determined using the agar well diffusion method against clinical isolates of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Proteus mirabilis andKlebsiella pneumoniae. At an extract concentration of 50 mg/ml, the growths of all the pathogenic bacteria were arrested, though to...

Author(s): El-Mahmood Muhammad Abubakar

  • Article Number: AB9109A11774

May 2010

Molecular genotyping of selected soybean (Glycine max L.) genotypes grown in different regions of East Africa

  Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril) is one of the most popular pulses because of its protein content and nodulating ability. However, most farmers and researchers do not have sufficient genetic information of the genotypes that they grow. This research aimed at determining the molecular characteristics of selected soybean genotypes grown in different regions of East Africa and make recommendations to the...

Author(s): Fredrick M. Njoka, Zedekiah A. Okwany and Elijah K. Githui

  • Article Number: 885A88611561

May 2010

Dry matter yields and hydrological properties of three perennial grasses of a semi-arid environment in East Africa

  Enteropogon macrostachyus (Bush rye), Cenchrus ciliaris L. (African foxtail grass)and Eragrostis superba Peyr (Maasai love grass) are important perennial rangeland grasses in Kenya. They provide an important source of forage for domestic livestock and wild ungulates. These grasses have been used extensively to rehabilitate denuded patches in semi-arid environment of Kenya. This study...

Author(s): Kevin Z. Mganga, Nashon K. R. Musimba, Dickson M. Nyariki, Moses M. Nyangito, Agnes W. Mwang’ombe, Wellington N. Ekaya, Daniele Clavel, Judith Francis, Ralph von Kaufmann, Jan Verhagen and William M. Muiru

  • Article Number: 243A89D11570

May 2010

Low intensity tapping systems applied to clone PR 107 of Hevea brasiliensis (Muell. Arg.): Results of 21 years of exploitation in South-eastern Côte d’Ivoire

  The cultivation of Hevea brasiliensis, which is the main source of natural rubber, is facing a problem of scarcity and/or high cost of skilled labour. One of the means to remedy this constraint is to reduce the intensity of tapping. This work aims at studying tapping systems of low intensity tapping but highly stimulated (S/4 d3 6d/7 8-10/y(m) and S/2 d6 6d/7 8-10/y(m)) which enable to reduce the need...

Author(s):   Eric Francis Soumahin, Samuel Obouayeba, Koulaka Emmanuel Dick, Denezon Odette Dogbo and Abo Pierre Anno

  • Article Number: CFA1E3B11580

May 2010

Phytotoxicity of uncomposted and composted poultry manure

  Different uncomposted and composted poultry manure types (laying hen and broiler), mixed at increasing rates (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) with two amended peat substrates, were tested to study the phytotoxicity using the cress (Lepidium sativum, L.) germination method. The results showed that composting generally reduced the phytotoxicity of the manure mixtures. The germination index was highest in both amended...

Author(s): M. Mar Delgado, José V. Martin, Rosario Miralles De Imperial, Cristina León-Cófreces and M. Cruz. García

  • Article Number: C50E50511604

May 2010

Isolation of potential antibacterial and antioxidant compounds from Acalypha indica and Ocimum basilicum

  In recent years multiple drug resistance has been developed in many microbes due to indiscriminate use of existing antimicrobial drugs in the treatment of infectious diseases. This paves the way for reconsidering traditional medicine; hence a study was carried out to explore the antimicrobial activities of the acetone and ethanol extract of Acalypha indica and Ocimum...

Author(s): K. Ramya Durga, S. Karthikumar and K. Jegatheesan

  • Article Number: CECCB3211611

May 2010

Study of pollen tube growth, cross-compatibility and fruit set in some almond genotypes

  Almond is one of the most important nut crops of Maragheh, Iran. In the present study, six Maragheh indigenous genotypes with favorable traits were selected for the investigations of pollen tube growth, fruit set and their compatibility. Genotypes were pollinated by the pollen of each other. Fruit set was studied in the filed, and pollen tube growth was studied in the laboratory with florescence microscopy....

Author(s): Y. Sharafi, M. Karimi and M. Ghorbanifar

  • Article Number: F32509711657

April 2010

Application of a satellite-based climate-variability impact index for crop yield forecasting in drought-stricken regions

  A quantitative index is applied to monitor crop growth and predict agricultural yield in drought-stricken regions. This Climate-Variability Impact Index (CVII), defined as the monthly contribution to overall anomalies in growth during a given year, is derived from 1 km MODIS Leaf Area Index. The CVII integrated over the growing season represents the percentage of the climatological production either gained or...

Author(s): Ping Zhang, Bruce Anderson, Mathew Barlow, Bin Tan and Ranga B. Myneni

  • Article Number: 9CE34DC11461

April 2010

Assessment of physical properties of gum arabic from Acacia senegal varieties in Baringo District, Kenya

  A study was conducted to assess the physical properties of gum arabic obtained from two Acacia senegal varieties (var.senegal and var.kerensis). in Marigat division, Baringo district. Gum arabic samples from the experimental sites at Solit, Kapkun, Kimorok and Maoi were collected, dried and analysed to establish their physical characteristics. Moisture content in gum arabic obtained from...

Author(s): J. K. Lelon, I. O. Jumba, J. K. Keter , Wekesa Chemuku and F. D. O. Oduor

  • Article Number: 417951A11473

April 2010

Agronomic, economic and ecological aspects of the papaya (Carica papaya) production in Tabasco, Mexico

  The cultivation of papaya is important in the tropic because it provides source of income to the farmer within a short time. Statistical data were obtained from farmers located in the Chontalpa, Rios and Centro-Sierra regions; the size of the survey was 67 farmers. The study shows the results of the farmers’ problem in a drastic reduction of their productivity because of the virosis and low prices in...

Author(s): E. Guzman-Ramon, R. Gomez Alvarez, J. M. Pat-Fernandez, H. A. J. Pohlan, J. C. Alvarez-Rivero, V. Geissen, F. Mirafuentes and R. Ramos

  • Article Number: 4594AB611480

April 2010

Seed metrics for genetic and shape determinations in African yam bean [Fabaceae] (Sphenostylis stenocarpa Hochst. Ex. A. Rich) harms

  The metric measures on seeds, their correlation and relationship are important for systematic breeding for seed yield and shape determination. Variations among eighty genotypes of African yam bean (AYB) for six metric seed characters (seed length, width and thickness and their ratios) were evaluated in this study. Paired comparison among the six characters revealed very high significance (P < 0.001),...

Author(s): B. D. Adewale, O. B. Kehinde,  J. O. Popoola and C. O. Aremu

  • Article Number: F71DD1311487

April 2010

Structure and composition of vegetation in subtropical forest of Kumaun Himalaya

  An extensive sampling was conducted for vegetational analysis in different forest sites between 1600 and 2600 m asl in Kumaun Himalaya. Quercus leucotrichophora A. Campus, Quercus floribunda Lindl. ex Rehder, Quercus semecarpifolia J. E. Smith and Pinus roxburghii Sarg. are the dominant tree species in Banj-oak, Tilonj-oak, Kharsu-oak and Chir-pine forests,...

Author(s): Geeta Kharkwal, and Yaswant Singh Rawat

  • Article Number: 084464911497

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