African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 379

AJPSIR Articles

The political responses to the global economic and financial crises in Francophone Africa from 1980 to 2010: A paradigm shift?

April 2011

  This article analyzed and compared the political responses to Africa’s twenty-first century versus twentieth century economic and financial crises in order to explicate the dynamics of policy innovation and continuity. Based on studies of Francophone countries, this comparative institutional analysis proposed direct attention to how ideas (paradigms), interests (strategies of the elites), institutions...

Author(s):   Landry Signé

The myth and reality of women in politics: A discourse of the core issues

April 2011

  This paper examines the myth and reality of Women in politics and the attendant core issues. In the process, the historical dimension and/or, backdrop of Women’s political actions and inactions were critically examined while the concept of politics was analyzed. Within this analytical context, the seeming increasing political fortunes of women in Nigerian politics in the context of the role they are...

Author(s):   S. T. Akindele, O. O. Adeyemi and K. Aluko    

Violence, terrorism and security threat in Nigeria’s Niger Delta: An old problem taking a new dimension

April 2011

  This paper offers a new and broader look at the violent agitation and domestic terrorism in the region highlights the missing link in previous studies and fills this gap in literature. Premised on projections and analysis based on experiential knowledge of facts on ground, this paper analyzes and explains the Niger Delta crisis within the Frustration-Aggression theory and argue that frustration is the bane of...

Author(s):   Declan Azubuike Amaraegbu  

Gender issues in human resource management in Nigerian public service

March 2011

The paper deals with gender issues in human resources management in Nigerian public service. It observes that successful government in Nigeria has not pursued an employment policy aimed at gender balanced, hence, female gender has suffered untold subordination and discrimination, whereas the state is supposed to accord them equal right and opportunities with their men counterparts. Despite efforts put in place at...

Author(s):   Fatile, Jacob Olufemi and Adejuwon and Kehinde David

The Nigerian civil war, 1967-1970: A revolution?

March 2011

  The paper seeks to cast the Nigerian civil war of 1967 to 1970 within the mould of a revolution. In achieving this aim, the paper necessarily explores the theory of revolution and at the same time carries-out a comparative analysis of civil wars that later morphed into revolutions within the international political system. The Nigerian civil war has never been referred to as a revolution. Rather, the military...

Author(s):   Falode Adewunmi James

War on terror: Pakistan’s apprehensions

March 2011

  After the 9/11, Pakistan has become a front line state in US “war on terror” even though quite reluctantly, but since becoming a partner it has played a crucial role in this war. However, it also has certain serious apprehensions in this process. There is a general feeling amongst the masses and also the decisions makers of Pakistan that once the US “war on terror” is over, Pakistan...

Author(s):   Umbreen Javaid

US policy of capitalization and its discontents in Africa: A post-Marxist reading of postcolonial responses in art, film and social ‘writings’

March 2011

  This interdisciplinary paper investigated the impact of US capitalization policy on Africa and the postcolonial responses of Africans to these forces of internationalism by applying post-Marxist theory to a selection of social ‘writings’, creative works of art and films. It examined the post-World War II environment that necessitated the politics of capitalization by the emerging US Core and...

Author(s):   Alfred Ndi

Nigeria’s experience in dealing with public service ethical dilemmas

March 2011

  The overarching thrust of this article is to share Nigeria’s experience in dealing with normative ethical dilemmas towards fostering sound public service fitness and better governance. The experience indicates that these dilemmas arise from critical relations involving “civil servants” and “political office holders”, “civil servants” and “citizens”, and...

Author(s):   Gabriel A. Gundu

The political economy of conflict resolution in a natural resource economy: The case of Nigeria’s Niger Delta

March 2011

  This paper embarks on a comprehensive study of the entire peace initiatives adopted to resolve the Niger Delta conflict in Nigeria with a view to uncover the relationship between the character of the Nigerian State, the emergence and the continual nature of the crisis. With the aid of fragmented organizational structure theory, the paper discovered that there is a strong relationship between the character of...

Author(s):   Eze, Malachy Chukwuemeka  

Early childhood education: Its policy formulation and implementation in Nigerian educational system

March 2011

This paper dealt with childhood education as a preparatory step for primary education, a starting point for the child’s general development and the foundation of Nigerian education system, using the mother tongue as a means of communication and as medium of instruction. The paper emphasized that if pre-primary education is to serve its purposes as stated in the National Policy of Education in Nigeria amongst...

Author(s): E. D. Nakpodia

Bridging research across the subfields of international relations and comparative politics: The case of a secessionist movement in Southern Sudan

February 2011

This article demonstrates the potential for rigorous and systematic bridging research across the subfields of comparative politics and international relations. Examining the issue of secessionist movements and a detailed case study of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), the article contends that understanding both ‘domestic’ and ‘international’ issues are crucial for such...

Author(s): David P. Thomas

Resource governance and conflict in the Niger Delta: Implications for the Gulf of Guinea Region

February 2011

  Gaps between the definition of expectations, grants of power and verification of accruals from resources, especially oil and gas, tend to undergird the governance processes in most states that comprise the Gulf of Guinea. These gaps have been responsible for the various problems that have become part of, and which have engendered violence and conflict in the region. As a major stakeholder in the politics and...

Author(s): Ezirim, Gerald Ekenedirichukwu

An examination of privatization policy and foreign direct investments in Nigeria

February 2011

The Federal Government establishment of and subsequent growth of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in compliance with the Keynesian theoretical paradigm, was for over two decades a fundamental component of development strategy in Nigeria. The SOEs were needed to provide social services and utilities and serve as engine of social and economic development. However, they served the purpose for which they were established for...

Author(s): I. I. Omoleke, B. Salawu and A. O. Hassan

Democratic governance and the management of oil conflict in Nigeria’s Niger Delta: Policy options and challenges

February 2011

Nigeria oil producing region has for long remains a site of contention between the state and local groups fighting for conscious environmental practice, resource control and development. During the long years of military rule, repression and military occupation were the core of state response to agitations and protests of the people in the region. The nation’s returns to democratic rule spur hope that things will...

Author(s): Saka Luqman

The politics of retirement income security policy in Ghana: Historical trajectories and transformative capabilities

February 2011

The study of pensions, retirement or old age income support policies in the developing world has been relegated to the background largely because such programs are limited in scope and cover only a small fraction of the population, mostly formal labour market employees. However because pension policies address issue relating to income security at the latter stages of life, it is crucial that we understand how they were...

Author(s): Michael W. Kpessa

The weakness of opposition parties in Botswana: A justification for more internal-party democracy in the dominant Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)

February 2011

Botswana’s opposition parties are too weak to unseat the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP). To substitute for weak opposition, this paper advocates for more internal democracy in the BDP for Botswana’s democracy to consolidate. The BDP has leadership elections but few other elements of internal democracy. Policy-making is centralised on the party leadership to the exclusion of party membership. The leadership...

Author(s): Kebapetse Lotshwao

The new partnership for Africa’s development (NEPAD) policy on women empowerment in Africa: A critical appraisal

January 2011

  The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) is a new continent-wide development strategy targeted at halting poverty in Africa in the twenty-first century. The NEPAD policy initiators seek to promote the roles of women in all activities as one of its long term goal of developing Africa through various strategies spelt out under International Development Goal by promoting income generating...

Author(s):   Mahmudat Olawunmi Muhibbu-Din

Jacob Zuma and Minority Groups in post-apartheid South Africa: An examination of his reconciliation policy toward the Afrikaners

January 2011

  National reconciliation is an element which has characterized South Africa’s post-apartheid political discourse. The term “rainbow nation” coined by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, became emblematic of Mandela’s call for peace, harmony and the co-existence of all citizens. Mbeki, on the other hand, placed African unification above national reconciliation, but Jacob Zuma adds a new aspect to...

Author(s):   Fanie Herman

Voting behaviour in Uganda since 1996: An investigation into the factors likely to determine voters’ choices in the 2011 elections

January 2011

  Exploring factors likely to influence 2011 poll in Uganda is the main objective of this paper. The data for this study was obtained through a content analysis of election results (1996, 2001 and 2006) and interview, which was carried out in the period between July to October, 2010 across the different regions in the country, North, South, West, East and Central to ascertain the factors that are likely to...

Author(s):   Kakuba Sultan Juma

Leadership flaws and fallibilities impacting democratization processes, governance and functional statehood in Africa

January 2011

  The United Nations, the World Banks, other western institutions and nations have all reported that, despite its richness in human and natural resources, Africa is characterized by wars, poverty and disaster. In spite of the continent’s devastating tyrannical rule since the period of independence, it was only towards the late 80s that a World Bank (1989) report blamed Africa’s underdevelopment and...

Author(s):   Joy Asongazoh Alemazung

RENAMO: from military confrontation to peaceful democratic engagement, 1976-2009

January 2011

  This article examines RENAMO (Resistensia Nacional Mozambicana) in the context of Mozambican politics. The study seeks to illustrate that although the movement was widely cast as a band of armed bandits (bandidos armandos), it was founded on firm political principles of democracy. It will be argued that any link by the movement to forces of imperialism and retrogression was merely a matter of expediency...

Author(s):   Baxter Tavuyanago

State versus society in Egypt: Consolidating democracy or upgrading autocracy

December 2010

It is to be noted that the ideological and theoretical debate concerning issues of social evolution and development in Egypt was generally state centered, and relied heavily on theoretical concepts such as bureaucratic authoritarianism, Oriental despotism and the Asiatic mode of production. For some considerable time the state seemed formidable enough to have subdued society through its authoritarian mechanisms such as...

Author(s): Hamdy A. Hassan

When customary laws face civil society organisations: Gender issues in Botswana

December 2010

In Botswana, society continues to operate under a dual legal system: an indigenously-based customary legal system, and received law, that is, the Constitution, based on a system inherited from the former colonial state. The fact that the constitution places prominence on custom within a range of contexts is particularly significant for women's rights. How far the Government is able to promote basic women's...

Author(s): Patrice Cailleba and Rekha A. Kumar

Government by incompatibles: A case study of the 1960 - 1964 Nigerian federal government

December 2010

In the Western world, governments are put in place for the benefit of the masses. Thus, in the formation of government and the initiation and implementation of policies and programmes, the interests of the masses are paramount and sacrosanct and are consequently safeguarded and protected. One cardinal factor that has made this possible is the fact that governments, in that part of the world, are formed by the...

Author(s): Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo

Evolution of political regime and evolution of popular political representations in Burkina Faso

December 2010

Under the cover of some kind of democratisation, Blaise Comparoé's regime in Burkina Faso has developed the capacity of using and transforming institutions with the sole aim of keeping power. Without being truly democratic, this hybrid system allows parties to be set up and to actually function; it also allows the setting up of civil society organisations, an independent press to exist so that it could ensure...

Author(s): Mathieu Hilgers

A case study in determining fairness of dismissal as a sanction for misconduct in South Africa

November 2010

In determining whether a dismissal based on misconduct is fair, all the facts surrounding the misconduct must be considered. The Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) commissioner had to determine whether or not a misconduct dismissal was fair. CCMA unfair dismissals arbitration proceedings constituted hearings de novo which meant that the CCMA commissioner had to make his finding, as to the...

Author(s): C. M. van der Bank

Praetorians and school climate in Lagos-based higher schools

November 2010

This investigation views insecurity in tertiary institutions as a product of the socialization process.  Following Truman’s exposition, it therefore uses the group theory as the basis for analyzing issues of safety in some higher schools in Lagos State.  It identifies the armed group, revealing the fact that there are many variants.  It argues that like all other organizations in the larger society,...

Author(s): Segun Afuape

Modelling the nexus between defense spending and economic growth in asean- 5: Evidence from co-integrated panel analysis

November 2010

The paper explores the nexus between defense spending and economic growth in the five ASEAN countries namely, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand over the period 1988 - 2007. The empirical analysis is based on co-integration and causality test at the individual level and panel level. The findings suggest the presence of unidirectional causality from economic growth to defense spending in...

Author(s): Rudra P. Pradhan

Does the social relationship matter? The corporate social responsibility

November 2010

A research into the impact of social capital (SC) on economic growth was focused mainly on civil society’s social capital (SC). The SC related to the enterprises has still received little attention. On the other hand, the design, implementation and evaluation of large-scale development projects have traditionally been efficiency-driven and dominated by engineering approaches that emphasize physical outputs and...

Author(s): Gediminas Mačys and Juozas Vijeikis

The impact of good governance on development and poverty in Africa: Botswana - a relatively successful African initiative

October 2010

Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa when it obtained independence in 1966. Owing to the desolation that prevailed at the time, Botswana was considered a hopeless case. This article seeks to show case how good governance impacted on development and poverty in Botswana. Botswana is one of the few African countries that have remained intact since independence, despite the challenges it faced, and at the...

Author(s): David Sebudubudu

A survey of MPs’ opinions about the challenges of blending executive and legislative functions of government under Ghana’s 1992 Constitution

October 2010

Since the inauguration of the fourth republican constitution in 1993, concerns have been raised about the effect of article 78 (1) on executive-legislature relations, the legislature’s oversight role and the workings of the legislature and the performance of legislators. The aim of this study was to examine legislators’ perceptions about the impact and implications of article 78 (1) on the work of...

Author(s): E. Kojo Sakyi

Autocrats’ modes of exit, rents and crisis in Africa

October 2010

Studies analyzing dictators’ duration in power do not generally distinguish the way through which rulers are booted out. In consequence, a destabilizing effect is attributed to some variables without specifying and testing the mechanisms through which this effect may operate. In this paper, we argue that ‘regular’ leadership changes stem from the incumbent’s incapacity to thwart elite defection...

Author(s): Abel Escribà-Folch

Who's who: Transnational corporations and nation states interface over the theoretical shift into their relationship

June 2010

The complex relationships that occur between countries, market and private actors have been simplified in theoretical approaches such as realism, neo-liberalism and globalization. However, their relationship is not a zero-sum game but one of ‘complex governance’ where all actors have to be considered to understand the changes in the international system.   Key words: Trans-national...

Author(s): Mia Mahmudur Rahim

Democracy and good governance: Nigeria’s dilemma

June 2010

Despite its enormous resources and huge potentialities, Nigeria remains grossly undeveloped. Consequently, political instability, abject poverty, acute youth unemployment, heightened crime rate, poor health prospects and widespread malnourishment have been the main features of Nigeria’s political economy. The development tragedy in Nigeria fits into the trends of political instability for which Africa has become...

Author(s): Ilufoye Sarafa Ogundiya

Rural-urban migration of young persons from selected conflict ridden communities in Rivers State: A sociological approach

June 2010

Migration could be voluntary or involuntary. The paper examines the involuntary movement of young persons or child labour (youth) from conflict communities of Ogbogoro, Ogbakiri, Rumuekpe and Rumuolumeni, in Rivers State. The techniques deplored are the interview and focus group discussion (FGD) methods in collecting data. The theoretical framework is hinged on the Marxist political economy theory. Its focus is on the...

Author(s): Eze Wosu and A. Kinikanwo Anele

The role of opposition in Nigerian politics

June 2010

In a political and truly democratic endeavour, the foundational basis for balance leads to the horizontal separation of powers rather than any vertical formulation of any kind of corruption of this pragmatic ethos. Central to this balance in government is that of the expression of opposition on a parallel political level. This paper delves into the nature, both legal and philosophical, of opposition in politics...

Author(s): Wahab O. Egbewole and Muhtar A. Etudaiye

The performance of the Malawi Congress Party in general elections: The role of sectionalism of a regional and ethnic nature

June 2010

In this article, an attempt has been made to explain the performance of the Malawi Congress Party (MCP) in the general elections by focusing mainly on the 2009 presidential and parliamentary elections in which the MCP lost overwhelmingly. Specifically, the role of sectionalism of a regional and ethnic nature on the MCP’s national level performance was examined. Different kinds of data from the Malawi electoral...

Author(s): Collins Greenwell Matchaya

Contextualizing "Muridiyyah" within the American muslim community: Perspectives on the past, present and future

June 2010

This paper examines the presence of the West African Sufi order, known as the Muridiyyah, within the broader context of muslims in America. The advent of the Murids in the American muslim community has not been the object of much research. This paper draws on the historical experience of the American muslim community in order to situate the Muridiyyah within these temporal and spatial parameters. Based on analyzing...

Author(s): Mbaye Lo and Aman Nadhiri

U. S. foreign policymaking toward Ethiopia and Somalia (1974 - 1980)

June 2010

The US policy in the Horn of Africa during the 1970’s was marked by the constraints posed by the international environment. The twin pillar policy formulated by the Nixon and Kissinger administration and later by the Ford administration was continued in its basic purposes by the Carter administration*. However, Carter’s policy major shift in 1979 – 1980 was not marked by the Soviet support for Ethiopia...

Author(s): Ioannis Mantzikos

Satisfaction with democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Assessing the effects of system performance

May 2010

This paper examines the relationship between system performance and satisfaction with democracy in sub-Saharan African countries. On the basis of comparable survey data from the third round of Afrobarometer from 2005, we have assessed a number of economic and political performance indicators. In doing this, we employ an elaborate theoretical framework and multilevel analysis. The results show that system performance is...

Author(s): Michael Guldbrandtsen and Svend-Erik Skaaning

Social capital, indigeneity and identity politics: The Jos crisis in perspective

May 2010

The thrust of the paper is to critically examine how the concept of social capital can be a useful tool in the building and advancement of peace, community trust, cooperation and access to justice in conflict-torn environments like Nigeria; that is, social capital to serve as a mechanism to mediate and/or moderate the inter and intra-communal conflicts and enhance the capacity of the Nigerian state to pursue and promote...

Author(s): Chris C. Ojukwu and C. A. Onifade

The dialectics of reform: The theory and methodological praxis of reform

May 2010

From a purely theoretical perspective, this article explored the concept of reform which is usually taken for granted. It built a typology of the concept in terms of content, context, scope, cause, strategies, actors, outcome, etc. with the simple objective of providing a suitable conceptual framework for evaluating social, economic and political reforms in an operationally useful manner. Using this typology, the...

Author(s): Okechukwu Basil C. Nwankwo

Political parties and the prospects of democratic consolidation in Nigeria: 1999 - 2006

May 2010

The existence of vibrant political parties is a sine qua non for democratic consolidation in any polity. In Nigeria’s First and Second Republics, political parties were regionally based, and their activities led to the collapse of those experiments. This paper explores an important aspect of Nigeria’s Fourth Republic politics, which is about the role of the PDP (Peoples Democratic Party) in general and...

Author(s): O. Robert Dode

Challenges of technology mediated approach to counselling in the National Open University of Nigeria

April 2010

The main thrust of this paper is to identify impediments militating against the provision of quality guidance and counselling services through technologically mediated approach in the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN). The current trend all over the world points on how transformation of counselling from mechanical phases to digital phases, which will enhances quick and quality service delivery. NOUN as...

Author(s): Fidel O. Okopi

Foreign aid, the Third World’s debt crisis and the implication for economic development: The Nigerian experience

April 2010

The nature of interdependence of nations necessitates granting of aid to needy countries. Theorists, however, vary in their approaches of the factors that contributed to the development of the underdevelopment of the Third World. While the bourgeois scholars argued that the underdevelopment and dependency situation of the Third World was due to the internal contradictions of this group of countries arising from bad...

Author(s): Funso Aluko and Dare Arowolo

Political culture as a source of political instability: The case of Lesotho

April 2010

This article considers Lesotho’s political history and culture, a political history characterised by rebellious chiefs who had rejected Christianity and who were heavily armed and fought numerous wars against their black and white neighbours. Its argument is that the state’s dysfunctionality in small Lesotho is a result of a political culture and history of armed resistance, producing rebellious political...

Author(s): Zibani Maundeni

U.S. development diplomacy in Africa: From Bill Clinton to George W. Bush

April 2010

By means of descriptive approach and content-analysis of documentary sources collected from two U.S embassies in Africa (Lagos and Pretoria), the article examines the U.S development diplomacy in Africa during the Clinton years and the early directions of George W. Bush’s policy toward Africa. The article is broadly divided into three sections. The first part deals with introduction, motivation and methodology....

Author(s): Adewale Banjo

Ghanaian opinions on democracy, inter-communal violence and conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa

April 2010

This survey research explores and presents the opinions of people in Ghana on several key areas: democracy and inter-communal violence, conflict in sub-Saharan Africa, Kenyan electoral violence during December 2007/February 2008 and salient issues and problems in Ghana. The study drawing on 407 participants reveal the following: A preference for representative democracy, agreement that there is no perfect electoral...

Author(s): Idris Sharif

The effects of leadership strategies on underdevelopment in sub-Saharan Africa: A comparative perspective

March 2010

This article looks at the impact of leadership strategies on underdevelopment in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in a comparative perspective. Using survey data from the World Bank, the Afrobarometer and the freedom house index, it refutes the conventional developmental argument, demonstrating that the effect of economic growth on poverty reduction is more balanced than usually recognized. It also shows that even though SSA...

Author(s): Mathieu Petithomme

China’s foray into Africa: Ideational underpinnings and geoeconomic interests

March 2010

China’s new foreign policy stance in Africa is a marked departure from its previous emphasis on purely ideational principles designed to strengthen its standing as a supporter of the Third World. The ideational affinity with Africa has not changed in China’s foreign policy discourse, but the new emphasis is on an aggressive pursuit of its geoeconomic and geopolitical interests on the continent, marked by an...

Author(s): Chaldeans Mensah

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