International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 625

IJBC Articles

Seed germination and viability of Salsola imbricata Forssk

December 2010

  Salsola imbricata is a halophytic shrub widely distributed in the coastal and inland regions of Kuwait. The effect of light, temperature, salinity, storage temperature and water potential on germination was conducted in the laboratory experiments. S. imbricata seeds germinated well under wide range of temperatures and in both light and dark conditions; the higher the salinity, the lower the...

Author(s): S. Zaman, S. Padmesh and H. Tawfiq

Comparative analyses of stakeholders’ perceptions of participatory forest management success in Benin

December 2010

  The Participatory Management Designs (PMD) of forest reserves under various ecological, economic and socio-cultural contexts in Benin were assessed using a multicriteria analysis. The three main criteria used for selecting the targeted forests were: (i) natural forest stand, (ii) ongoing participatory management designs and (iii) experience of local people of the forest in its joint management. Using these...

Author(s): Djogbénou C. Paul, Glèlè Kakaï Romain and Sinsin Brice

The use of ISSR and RAPD markers for detecting DNA polymorphism, genotype identification and genetic diversity among Trichosanthes dioica Roxb. cultivars

December 2010

  Trichosanthes dioica Roxb. belongs to family Cucurbitaceae and commonly known as pointed gourd. It is perennial, dioecious and cross pollinated vegetable crop, widely cultivated in eastern Uttar Pradesh of India.  22 cultivars of male and female of T. dioicafrom various agro-climatic regions of India have been fingerprinted by RAPD and ISSR markers utilizing 37, 15 primers respectively. To...

Author(s): Sandhya Goswami and Vivek Tripathi

Food and feeding habits and reproduction in Frillfin goby, Bathygobius soporator (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1837) in the Badagry Creek, Lagos, Nigeria

December 2010

  A study was conducted in Badagry Creek in Lagos, Nigeria on food and feeding habits and reproduction of Frillfin goby (Bathygobius soporator). Data collected from the study intend to serve as a baseline for carrying out further study on the fishes and fisheries of this water body. B. soporator is one of the numerous and diverse fishes of the family Gobiidae which share certain similarities...

Author(s): O. Lawson Emmanuel and E. Thomas Ajibola

A numerical study of turbulent mixing parameters at the Nile Delta, north of the Egyptian Coast

December 2010

  A study was conducted in Badagry Creek in Lagos, Nigeria on food and feeding habits and reproduction of Frillfin goby (Bathygobius soporator). Data collected from the study intend to serve as a baseline for carrying out further study on the fishes and fisheries of this water body. B. soporator is one of the numerous and diverse fishes of the family Gobiidae which share certain similarities...

Author(s): S. H. Sharaf El Din , F. M. Eid, N. N. Saad, K. A. Alam El Din and M. El Sharkawy

Spatio-temporal distribution of drosophilids: A study at Jnanabharathi Campus, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

November 2010

  Though studies associated with the geographic distribution of Drosophilidae in India have taken rapid strides in last few years, only a cursory survey has been undertaken in certain areas, whereas a vast area of the Indian subcontinent still awaits exploration. In view of this, an attempt has been made to record the Drosophilid fauna of Jnanabharathi habitat, which is a completely virgin field, to...

Author(s): B. P. Harini and D. S. Pranesh Sujaymeendra

The study on the authenticity of the wild South China tiger on an hunter’s photos

November 2010

  The wild South China tigers, with no authenticated sighting more than 25 years, are generally considered functionally extinct. A hunter has published a set of photographs of aSouth China tiger that he claims were taken in the Daba mountain of China on October 3rd, 2007. Subsequently, a month later (but claimed a six-year-old product by its manufacturer),a tiger picture...

Author(s): Li-Yuan Liu

Brahmaputra River islands as potential corridors for dispersing tigers: A case study from Assam, India

November 2010

  We present the first scientific study on Brahmaputra River Islands as potential corridors for the tigers and other animals to move across the region in Assam, India. The study was carried out from February to April 2009, with a goal to ensure connectivity and long term conservation of meta-population of tigers in the Brahmaputra Valley in central Assam landscape of India. We did sign surveys and line...

Author(s): Jimmy Borah, M. Firoz Ahmed and Pranjit Kumar Sarma

Ecological and numerical analyses of plant communities of the most conserved protected area in North-Togo

November 2010

  The 36 statements obtained from sampling investigation in Galangashi protected areas (Northern Togo) were subjected to floristic processing and several multivariate analyses to study the overall plant diversity, to determine the distribution of life form and phytogeographic type; to identify and describe the main plant communities’ and the ligneous structure of these plant communities. Detrended...

Author(s): Folega Fousseni, Zhao Xiuhai, Zhang Chunyu, Wala Kperkouma and Akpagana Koffi

Upper Nyong valley forest in Cameroon: Ethnobotanical uses and implications for biodiversity conservation

November 2010

  The Upper Nyong valley belongs to the forest ecological area of Cameroon. Local people living around use drastically natural resources to enhance their livelihoods. According to the Cameroon forest law, more than 30% of natural area must be transformed into park and reserves. In the process of transformation, ecological studies can be conducted to evaluate potential resources available. This paper highlighted...

Author(s): T. Jiofack, N. Guedje, I. Ayissi, C. Fokunang, L. Usongo and B. A. Nkongmeneck

International day of biodiversity - Albania

November 2010

Author(s): Abdulla Diku

Under-story indigenous woody species diversity in hardwood and coniferous tree plantations at Berenjestanak lowland forest in the North of Iran

October 2010

  Plantations can help speed up secondary forest succession by improving soil conditions, attracting seed-dispersal agents and providing shadow necessary for under-story growth, in the present research, the naturally under-story regenerated native woody species diversity was studied in four tree plantations 22 years of age and it covers 42 ha, composed of Pinus brutia  [1] , Populus...

Author(s):   Aboulghasem Yousefi, Hamid Jalilvand, Mohammadreza Pourmajidian and Kambiz Espahbodi

Heritability of pre-weaning growth performance traits in Mengali sheep in (Balochistan) Pakistan

October 2010

  Genetic parameters were estimated for weights at birth (BW), 30 days (MW), 120 days weaning weight (WW), and pre-weaning average daily gain (PRADG) of four flocks of Mengali sheep maintained at the Experimental Station CASVAB, Quetta, (ESC), Mastung, Noshki and Quetta over a period of 5 years from 2005 to 2009. Records on 2750 lambs descended from 581 ewes and 56 rams were included in the analysis. Variance...

Author(s):   Muhammad Masood Tariq, Masroor Ahmad Bajwa, Ferhat Abbas, Abdul Waheed, Farhat Abbas Bokhari and Majed Rafiq

Zooplankton abundance in the Massa Lagoon, Southern Morocco: Impact of environmental variables

October 2010

  The biological reserve of Massa, situated in the National Park of Souss Massa, certified Ramsar has a global interest in birdlife. The functioning of the lagoon is affected by the problems of eutrophication, declining water levels, lack of communication with the sea. This work represents a first contribution to the study of the plankton community living in the lagoon of this reserve in connection with the...

Author(s): H. Badsi, H. Oulad Ali, M. Loudiki, M. El Hafa, R. Chakli and A. Aamiri

Forest invasion by alien plant species: The case of neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) in Southern Togo

October 2010

  Several forms of degradation reduce the size and the ecological value of forest ecosystems such as the introduction of alien species. In other to study the level of the exotic plant species Azadirachta indica invasion in forest fragments of Southern Togo, data collection was carried out in thirteen forests where 65 rectangular plots of 500 m2 were set up to record the plant species diversity...

Author(s): Raoufou Radji, Koku Klu and Kouami Kokou

Comparative study of herb layer diversity in lower Dachigam National Park, Kashmir Himalaya, India

October 2010

  The present study was conducted at two different ecosystems that is, site I (pastureland) and site II (forest) in the lower Dachigam National Park of Kashmir, Himalaya. The pasture site is located outside the National Park and is under grazing whereas forest site is located inside the National Park and is protected. The study was done on seasonal basis and the average results revealed comparatively more or...

Author(s): S. A. Shameem, P. Soni and G. A. Bhat

Human attitudes towards conservation of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Bangladesh

October 2010

  An assessment of human attitudes, particularly towards Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), is necessary in formulating appropriate policies for conserving such wildlife. The aim of this study is to test the extent of how the experience people have of wild elephants influences their perceptions of, and attitudes towards, them, and to identify factors influencing their attitudes towards the conservation of...

Author(s): A. H. M. Raihan Sarker and Eivin Røskaft,

Conservation threats of cotton pygmy-goose in Assam, India

September 2010

  The cotton pygmy-goose (CPG) Nettapus coromandelianus coromandelianus Gmelin is an environmental indicator species among the anatids. Its population is going to be more or less vulnerable when threatened from the chance events such as severe weather, diseases and other natural as well as anthropogenic factors. The present study was conducted to have a detailed look over the factors responsible for...

Author(s): S. Upadhyaya, and P. K. Saikia

Land use pattern and fauna composition in the relics of Maba forest, Ogun State, Nigeria

September 2010

  The study of land use pattern and fauna composition in the relics of Maba forest as the permanent site of the Redeemers’ University (RUN’s) was carried out to determine distribution and abundance of the wildlife species within the niche level and effect that such developmental pattern will have on the general ecological balance of the area. The study entailed complete ground truithing of...

Author(s): G. A. Lameed

Assessment of crop raiding situation by elephants (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) in farms around Kakum conservation area, Ghana

September 2010

  The study assessed the crop raiding situation around Kakum conservation area (KCA). This was done through analysis of data collected on elephant damage to crops from crop-raiding report forms completed for all raids, which occurred from January to December, 2007 at KCA. It was observed that cases of crop damage by elephants covered a total agricultural land area of about 2.3 ha and this involved 35 farms,...

Author(s): Kweku Ansah Monney, Kwaku Brako Dakwa and Edward Debrah Wiafe

Prioritization of watershed habitat for neotropical migratory birds

September 2010

  The decline in habitat for neotropical migratory (NM) bird species has become a major conservation issue. A regional prioritization of potential habitat is needed, particularly to identify areas that could maximize conservation benefits. This study identifies and evaluates habitats that support NM birds in the Connecticut River Watershed (CRW) using a landscape-based assessment. Habitat potential for the 25...

Author(s): Kerri Schoenberg and Timothy O. Randhir

Bushmeat hunting in Serengeti, Tanzania: An important economic activity to local people

September 2010

  Unsustainable use of natural resources poses threats to conservation and livelihoods. High-levels of bushmeat hunting threaten wildlife populations and extinction of some species. This paper gives an overview of bushmeat hunting in Serengeti, Tanzania. The data on hunting was collected through interviewing 477 households in 10 villages surrounding Serengeti National Park. Our research indicates that bushmeat...

Author(s): Iddi M. Mfunda and Eivin Røskaft

The institution of taboo and the local resource management and conservation surrounding sacred natural sites in Uttarakhand, Central Himalaya

August 2010

  Social taboos exist in invariably all cultures throughout the world, and represent a class of informal institutions, where traditional, religiously governed norms or taboo system define the human behaviour. These taboos remain the prime factor guiding their conduct towards the exploitation of the natural resources. However, the singular role played by these informal systems of taboo in conservation of...

Author(s): Chandra Singh Negi

The hydrochemistry and macrobenthic fauna characteristics of an urban draining creek

August 2010

  Lagos lagoon is the largest of the eight lagoons that make up the lagoon systems of Nigeria and probably the most exposed to anthropogenic influence. The pollution status of the Lagos lagoon is generally attributed to the direct discharge of waste (domestic and industrial) and the contribution from rivers, creeks and drainage canals that empty into the Lagoon at different points. The paucity of information on...

Author(s): Clement A. Edokpayi, Aveez O. Olowoporoku and Roland E. Uwadiae

Evaluating headstarting as a management tool: Post-release success of green iguanas (Iguana iguana) in Costa Rica

August 2010

  Headstarting has become a popular tool employed by wildlife managers to help animal species, specifically those lacking or providing minimal parental care-offset extinction. However, many researchers challenge the conservation value of headstarting and urge proponents to monitor headstarted individuals following release into the wild to evaluate the success of headstart programs. As part of an experimental...

Author(s): Ricardo A. Escobar, Edsart Besier and William K. Hayes

Biogeographic variation in Thecamoebian (Testate amoeba) assemblages in lakes within various vegetation zones of Alberta, Canada

August 2010

  Thecamoebians (Testate amoebae) have proven to be valuable proxies commonly used in environmental and paleoenvironmental studies. A better understanding of their geographic distribution and environmental parameters influencing this distribution is required for further thecamoebian research. Thecamoebians were analyzed from twelve lakes spanning five drainage basins and four vegetation zones, representing...

Author(s): Lisa A. Neville, David G. Christie, Francine M. G. McCarthy and Michael D. MacKinnon

Evaluation of the impact of Lantana camara L. invasion, on four major woody shrubs, along Nayar river of Pauri Garhwal, in Uttarakhand Himalaya

July 2010

  Situated in North-Western Himalayas, owing to large variations in the altitude and climatic zones, Pauri Garhwal possesses a rich diversity of flora and fauna. Composition and structure of vegetation of the Garhwal region is being modified due to the invasion ofLantana camara L. Its rapid spreading, entangling nature of canopy of many individuals of a population and allelopathic nature pose serious...

Author(s): Parveen Kumar Dobhal, Ravinder Kumar Kohli and Daizy Rani Batish

Conservation of Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco (River mangrove, Khalsi): A new approach of vegetative propagation through hypocotylar juvenile stem cuttings

July 2010

  Clonal propagation method through induction of adventitious rooting in hypocotyl-plus-stem (HpS) and juvenile-stem (JS) cuttings was reported in Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco (khalsi), mangrove plant of coastal Orissa, India. The induction of adventitious roots is an essential process in vegetative propagation. Adventitious rooting in above cuttings was induced by exogenous application of root...

Author(s): Basak Uday Chand and Mahapatra Ajay Kumar

Quantitative analysis of R&D output on plantation crops in India

July 2010

  The study examines India’s performance in Plantation Crops literature published during 1998 - 2007. The study was undertaken using Horticultural Science Database. The plantation crops are high value commercial crops of greater economic importance and play a vital role in our Indian economy. India enjoys the pride of leading in the production of plantation crops throughout the world. Hence, the...

Author(s): P. Senthilkumaran, A. Amudhavalli and G. Govindasamy

Mechanisms for sustainable use of biodiversity in and beyond natural ecosystems: A study on conservation and commercial production of P. africana in Uganda

July 2010

  The increasing demand for Prunus africana resources is an opportunity for its conservation and commercial use to support livelihoods in Africa. The objective for this study was to investigate major steps to advance production of P. africana for long-term commercial use in Uganda. Specific objectives were to explore potential production schemes, setbacks in production and strategies to...

Author(s):   Ben B. Mugula, Bauke J. de Vries and Susan W. Bingi

Earthworm resources in the Gangetic Plain of Uttar Pradesh, India

June 2010

  Based on an extensive survey of Gangetic Plain of Uttar Pradesh during August – October 2008, the communication reports first-hand information on 11 taxa of earthworms belonging to 6 genera and 2 families, that were commonly found in the study area. This constitutes 26.3% of total Indian earthworm fauna. Of these, 4 taxa are exotic with extra Indian origin. The information on their scientific names,...

Author(s): Deepshikha Verma, Shachi Bharti and Shweta

Mass multiplication of Celastrus paniculatus willd: An important medicinal plant under in vitro conditions via nodal segments

June 2010

  A rapid clonal propagation system has been developed for Celastrus paniculatus(Celastraceae) an important medicinal plant under in vitro conditions. Nodal explants from mature plant of this species were collected and cultured on MS medium supplemented with various concentrations (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mg l-1) of cytokinins (BAP and Kn) and auxins (IAA, NAA and 2, 4-D) alone and in various...

Author(s): Devi Lal and Narender Singh

Impact of nomadic grazing on medicinal plants diversity in Miandam, Swat-Pakistan (Preliminary results)

June 2010

  The coniferous forest play vital role to support the livelihood of rural poor and provides goodecological services for the maintenance of ecosystem. In this context the present study was initiated with the aim to evaluate the impact of nomadic grazing on the plant diversity, with special focus on medicinal flora. Comparisons were made between two sites; one protected from grazing for about seven years,...

Author(s): Hassan Sher, Ashiq Ahmad, Mohammad Eleyemeni, Syed Fazl-i-Hadi and Hazrat Sher

Biodiversity conservation in community forests of Nepal: Rhetoric and reality

May 2010

  Community forests management in Nepal has been exemplified as one of the most successful programs for participatory resource management. The success of community forestry is described in terms of restoring degraded land and habitats, conserving biodiversity, increasing supply of forest products, empowering women and disadvantaged groups, generating rural incomes, and developing human resources. However, the...

Author(s): Uttam Babu Shrestha, Bharat Babu Shrestha and Sujata Shrestha

Enrichment planting of an understory palm: Effect of micro-environmental factors on seedling establishment, growth, and survival

May 2010

  Although extraction of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) is considered an ecologically sustainable source of income, NTFP populations are vulnerable to depletion. The community of Alta Cima in the El Cielo Biosphere Reserve in Tamaulipas, Mexico, has conducted enrichment plantings of Chamaedorea radicalis, an important NTFP in northeastern Mexico, in forest areas near the village to supplement wild...

Author(s): Hayley A. Kilroy, and David L. Gorchov

Variation of turbulent mixing parameters at the Egyptian Mediterranean coast

May 2010

  The analysis of the turbulent mixing structure is accomplished by the dynamical computations of the mixing parameters represented by: buoyancy frequency (N), viscous dissipation (ε), turbulent kinetic energy (E), Richardson number (Ri), Reynolds stress, diffusive salt flux (DSF), diffusive heat flux (DHF). In general the computations show that, the water column becomes more stable and less stratified...

Author(s): S. H. Sharaf El Din, F. M. Eid, N. N. Saad, K. A. Alam El Din, M. El Sharkawy

Haematological studies of Oreochromis niloticus exposed to diesel and drilling fluid in Lagos, Nigeria

May 2010

  Haematological changes in Oreochromis niloticus after exposure to diesel (23.4 mg/L) and drilling fluid (492 mg/L) for 28 days was investigated. The blood parameters of O. niloticusrevealed a significant decrease in haemoglobin only in fish exposed to drilling fluid and mean cellular volume (MCV), in both diesel and drilling fluid. Blood parameters of the fish such as mean cellular haemoglobin (MCH)...

Author(s): Saliu Joseph Kayode and Salami Adekunle Shamusideen

Desert oases as genetic refugia of heritage crops: Persistence of forgotten fruits in the Mission orchards of Baja California, Mexico

April 2010

  The first introductions of agricultural crops to desert oases of Baja California, Mexico were initiated by Jesuit missionaries between 1697 and 1768 and historic records from these Jesuits provided a detailed benchmark by which temporal changes in agro-biodiversity can be measured. Longitudinal studies at the agricultural oases on the Baja California peninsula of Mexico can help determine whether such...

Author(s): Gary Paul Nabhan, Jesus Garcia, Rafael Routson, Kanin Routson and Micheline Cariño-Olvera

Occurrence of endosymbiont Richelia intracellularis (Cyanophyta) within the diatom Rhizosolenia hebetata in the Northern Arabian Sea

April 2010

  The presence of diazotrophic cyanobacterium Richelia intracellularis Schmidt as an endosymbiont of Rhizosolenia hebetata was observed in the phytoplankton samples collected from the Northern Arabian Sea during the fag end of winter monsoon (February - March). R. hebetata formed 80% Rhizosolenia population and 60% of this species harboured endosymbiotic...

Author(s): K. B. Padmakumar, N. R. Menon and V. N. Sanjeevan

Patterns of diversity, abundance and habitat associations of butterfly communities in heterogeneous landscapes of the department of atomic energy (DAE) campus at Kalpakkam, South India

April 2010

  The diversity of butterflies inhabiting the department of atomic energy campus at Kalpakkam was recorded through a modified line transect methodology by setting a permanent line transect of 300 m and recoding all species of butterflies observed within a five meter distance around the observer. Five habitats within the campus viz., Garden, Scrub jungle, Riparian woods, Sandy area...

Author(s): T. Ramesh, K. Jahir Hussain, M. Selvanayagam, K. K. Satpathy and M. V. R. Prasad

Copepoda and Branchiopoda from Tunisian temporary waters

April 2010

  Copepoda and Branchiopoda from Tunisian temporary waters were collected from 92 sampling stations along five distinct areas, namely the Northern, the Medjerda, the Cap Bon-Miliane, the Central and the Southern basins during the wet season (October to March) throughout the period 1994 - 1997. The aim of the present survey is to update and increase the knowledge on species diversity and richness in...

Author(s): Souad Turki and Brahim Turki

Propagation studies in Farsetia aegyptia Turra

March 2010

  Native plants are key components of the global biological diversity, and are highly adapted to the local environmental and climatic conditions. As Kuwait’s native plants are threatened in their natural habitat and have begun to disappear at an alarming rate, their use in landscape projects will help in conserving biodiversity and heritage. Farsetia aegyptia Turra. is a grey green,...

Author(s): Majda Khalil Suleiman, Narayana Ramachandra Bhat, Mehdi Saleh Abdal,   Sameeha Zaman, Sheena Jacob and Rini Rachel Thomas

A checklist of desmids of Lekki lagoon, Nigeria

March 2010

  This paper presents a pioneer investigation of the desmids of Lekki lagoon, located in Epe Local Government area of Lagos State. Samples were collected monthly for two years (June, 2003 - May, 2005) using standard plankton net of 55 µm mesh size. Seventy three taxa were observed, the...

Author(s): Taofikat Abosede Adesalu and Dike Ikegwu Nwankwo

Biodiversity and conservation of plant genetic resources in the Field Genebank of the National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, Ibadan, Nigeria

March 2010

  This study was conducted to determine the biodiversity of the plant collections at the National Field Genebank at the National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (NACGRAB), with the view of evaluating the conservation strategy of the ex situconservation of recalciterant crops in the genebank for effective conservation and sustainable utilization. The results reveal that three hundred and...

Author(s): Temitope Israel Borokini, Anthony Ugochukwu Okere, Alexander Olusesan Giwa, B. O. Daramola and Wasiu Tiwalade Odofin

Estimation of blue sheep population parameters in the Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, Nepal

March 2010

  Blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) are the main prey species of snow leopards (Uncia uncia)and are a highly coveted species in Nepal. Currently, the conservation of blue sheep in Nepal is a national concern because it is not clear if populations were affected by the Maoist insurgency beginning in 1996. For this study, we estimated population parameters for blue sheep in the Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve...

Author(s):   Achyut Aryal, Sven Gastaur, Steffen Menzel, Til Bahadur Chhetri and Jack B. Hopkins    

Land reclamation efforts in Haller Park, Mombasa

February 2010

  Land reclamation of derelict landscapes, until in recent times, was a rare experience, especially in developing countries. This has however changed with the adoption of environmental policies and legislative frameworks in most countries in the world. This drive was mainly inspired by the conservation strategies developed and promoted by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural...

Author(s): Stanford M. Siachoono

Sighting of Eurasian griffon, Gyps fulvus and conservation of vultures in North Madhya Pradesh, India

February 2010

  Vultures, nature’s most efficient scavengers, are on the verge of extinction.  Nine species of vultures were recorded from the Indian sub-continent, of which, five belong to the genusGyps while the others are monotypic. Historically, and until recently, the White-backed vulture Gyps bengalensis, Long-billed vulture Gyps indicus and Slender-billed Gyps...

Author(s): S. R. Taigor

Pollination: A threatened vital biodiversity service to humans and the environment

January 2010

  Pollination is one major biodiversity service that cannot be adequately quantified economically yet  the variety of approaches nature has engaged to accomplish it is hardly appreciated. In this review, the types and agents of pollination, faunal and floral architectural and behavioural adaptations and special rare cases of pollination syndromes are highlighted. Anthropogenic roles that have resulted of...

Author(s): Gordian C. Obute

Vegetational diversity along an altitudinal range in Garhwal Himalaya

January 2010

  Four forest habitats varying in different vegetation were studied along an altitudinal range of 1900-2200 m called low elevation forests. These forests were close to human habitation with high disturbance.  A total of 209 plant species were recorded out of which 29 were trees, 50 shrubs, 102 herbs, 11 climbers, 7 epiphytes, 4 pteridophytes, 3 bryophytes and 3 parasites. Maximum tree species were recorded...

Author(s): Jagdish Chandra, Vardan Singh Rawat, Y. S. Rawat and Jeet Ram

Germplasm conservation of patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) by encapsulation of in vitro derived nodal segments

December 2009

  Encapsulation of in vitro derived nodal segments of patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) was done successfully by employing sodium alginate gel. Among various concentrations of sodium alginate tried to optimize the strength of the bead, 4% sodium alginate produced firm beads and showed the highest percentage of shoot emergence (73.3%). The best storage temperature was found to be 25°C. The...

Author(s): M. Kumara Swamy, S. Balasubramanya and M. Anuradha

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