International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 309

IJSA Articles

Does domestic migration have a challenge? Evidence from Northwestern Ethiopia

March 2017

The role of internal migration to the rural poor households is highly appreciable because of its low cost of travel and immediate response for livelihood shocks and problems. Despite the fact, internal migration has tremendous contribution to the livelihood of the rural households; yet it is not free of challenges in the pursuit of its benefits. This study similar to previous works have recommended for the need to...

Author(s): Adino Kibrom, Atinkut Haimanot , Yehuala Sisay and Petros Tigist

Socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome among childbearing mothers in Abia state, Nigeria

February 2017

Socioeconomic factors have been identified as affecting all aspects of peoples’ lives; and it is intricately linked to the demographic process. They are strong predictors of infant and child health outcome in most developing countries. This paper examined socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome with data from a sample of 609 women of childbearing age in rural and urban areas of Abia State....

Author(s): Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley, Isiugo-Abanihe Uche Charlie and Chikezie David Chidi

Challenges and opportunities of women participating in informal sector in Ethiopia: A special focus on women street vendors in Arba Minch City

February 2017

The study aims to investigate the challenges and opportunities of women participating in the informal sector in Ethiopia with a particular emphasis of street vendors in Arba Minch city. The study employed case study research design which includes solely qualitative approach. The data were gathered from purposively selected interviewees specifically, using convenience sampling technique. The data obtained via interview...

Author(s): Yohannes Mekonnen Abebe

Determinates of early marriage in Bangladesh: An evidence of the nationally representative survey

January 2017

Despite the national and international efforts to reduce marriage at earlier age, significant proportion of girls in Bangladesh still marry before reaching legal age of marriage. The aim of this study was to identify the individual-, community- and household- level predictors of early marriage by using the nationally representative data sets to achieve the national picture. This study analyzed the data of 16,830 women...

Author(s): Mashiur Rahman

Using social media to warn potential victims, and encourage youths to denounce crime and violence in Jamaica

December 2016

The youth cohort is the group most likely to be involved in criminal activities, being classified as either perpetrator or victim. This intervention explored the use of social media as a mechanism for sensitizing the youth cohort to the negative impact of crime, the value of shunning and denouncing it and the importance of supporting law enforcement efforts. A programmed intervention strategy was utilized to sensitize...

Author(s): Donnette Wright-Myrie, Christopher Charley, Andrea Hurst, Kevin Walker, Allan Carter, Ean McIntosh, Steve Tyndale, Melissa Brown, Shanné Thomas, Carieca Willis, Ann-Marie Anderson, and Jodean Brown

On rice and the region of rice civilisation

November 2016

Rice is the staple food for the largest number of people on Earth. Over 90% of world’s rice is grown in a relatively tiny region of the world, namely, the south, southeast and east Asia.  This region can be termed as the Region of Rice Civilisation (RORC). It has several extraordinary features which set it apart. It is largely characterised by vast flat lands, having rivers with vast deltas and heavy monsoon...

Author(s): K. R. Bhattacharya and S. Z. Ali

Donated Blood, the Body and the Self: Towards a Hierarchy of the Self?

October 2016

This paper examines the changes in relationship between the body, society and donated blood.  Studies in this area (Waldby 2004; Tutton 2002; Scully et al., 2006; Shaw, 2010) have focused on the moral or ethical issues related to blood donation rather than corporeal and cultural issues. This paper deconstructs the impact of developments in bio-technology and commodification of blood with regard to the self, blood...

Author(s): Pat Mahon-Daly

Understanding and measuring economic empowerment of Sutrapur slum women in Dhaka, Bangladesh

September 2016

In a country like Bangladesh, where division of population with respect to genders is nearly equal, it is of utmost importance that the women of that country are independent, feel equal to their counterparts, and most importantly contribute to the gross domestic product (GDP). This empowerment should be led by women of all strata of the economy, and for this specific purpose, women from low income families of Sutrapur...

Author(s): M. F. Hossain, Charles C. Villanueva, Farheen Hasan and Hafsa Maryam

Census through riddle: the Case of Waliso Liban Oromo, Ethiopia

May 2016

The paper examines a special type of riddle, called ‘hibbantee’ used for census, among the Oromo in Ethiopia with particular attention to the Waliso Oromo. The practice is one of the ways of providing information on basic statistics of the population within certain geographical boundaries. It is performed as part of verbal games, specific riddles with its own peculiar formula. Primary data were generated...

Author(s): Chala Dejene Gemechu

Social perspectives on the relationship between early marriage, fertility and infertility in Tamboul town, Central Sudan

April 2016

The study aims to explain some of the socio-cultural perspectives held by the people of Tamboul on the relationship between the practice of early marriage, which is a common practice, fertility and infertility. On one hand, many Tambouli people perceive early marriage as characteristically indicative of fertility on the one hand where marrying a young wife gives a husband, and parents or extended family, the...

Author(s): Abu Baker A. A. Al Hadi

Perceived constraints and associated factors of dairy based women selfhelp groups (SHGs) in Rewari district of Haryana

March 2016

The present study was conducted, on dairy based women self help groups (SHGs), with the objective to know the constraints faced by members of these groups. An ex- post facto research design was used. The study revealed that the most widespread constraints are non- availability of green fodder round the year, expensive treatment of animals and insufficient funds to purchase dairy animals. The constraints faced by...

Author(s): Rekha Yadav and M. P. Sagar

Community empowerment through participatory resource assessment at Kathekakai settlement scheme, Machakos County, Kenya

February 2016

Participatory mapping is a power tool in resource management. Through this exercise communities are able to identify changes in natural resources and make decision on how best to manage the change. The study analyzed changes in natural resources in Kathakakai settlement scheme, Machakos County using participatory resource mapping, with the aim to discuss possible effects. The area, which used to be a ranching enterprise...

Author(s): Baaru M.W and Gachene C.K.K

Community-initiated human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) prevention programmes and mitigating measures among the Idoma-speaking people of Benue State, North-Central Nigeria: A qualitative study

January 2016

Deliberate efforts to halt human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) propagation and mitigate human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) impact in resource-poor communities are critical elements of HIV/AIDS control and care. This study investigated the HIV/AIDS prevention programmes and mitigating measures (HIV/AIDS PPMM) among the Idoma-speaking people in Benue State,...

Author(s): Emmanuel E. Anyebe, Joseph M. Hellandendu, John E. Gyong and Reginald O. Obiako

A Critical Review of the Evolution of Kingship System Among the Igbo of Nigeria

January 2016

This paper studies the evolution of the kingship system among the Igbo people of Nigeria. From a republican form of administration where the Council of Elders played pivotal roles in determining the political governance of the people, the Igbo are made to adopt a kingship system that confers political authority on a single individual. Aside of the initial hiccups that arose while introducing the system, there is a...

Author(s): Dons Eze

The overriding effect of the media and internet over community and school sexuality education among adolescents

December 2015

This study examined sexual behaviours that are common among adolescents despite the fact that they go through some forms of sexual socialization as they grow in their communities and as they enter school. Data were obtained from adolescents in five local government areas of Western Senatorial District of Kogi State, Nigeria. In all, 781 respondents were simple randomly selected from ten communities where ten government...

Author(s): Adebola, Olukemi Grace

Can critical race pedagogy break through the perpetuation of racial inequity?: Exploring what is behind the structural racism and potential intervention

December 2015

Regardless of Brown vs. Board of Education decision in 1954, K-12 schools in the US are still racially segregated and the segregation is likely to perpetuate educational inequity. This paper deconstructs the factors that perpetuate educational inequity based on race by exploring the concept of race, how structural inequity based on race is perpetuated through knowledge construction, and also how Critical Race Pedagogy...

Author(s): Fuyu Shimomura 

China: The quest for identity

November 2015

The rhetoric material vs spiritual; West vs East in our historical present is more than ever a false problem, in a way that in a post-modern era where technology offers new definition of time and space, forcing human being to reconsider the role played in society, culture is a definition that shapes itself every day. As to say that the contraposition between civilization was a useful tool to describe a society until the...

Author(s): Alberto Castelli

Traditional festivals: Development of tourism routes for linking cultural heritage sources in the catchment watershed of Mekong River Basin in Thailand

November 2015

To investigate the developing tourism routes for linking cultural heritage sources on traditional festival by local, centering and celebrating of communities and traditions in the Northeast traditional festivals’ region in Maekong River Basin were purposed. Associations with celebration and may also provide entertainment, particularly to local communities of cultural heritage sources were linked of...

Author(s): Atcharee Chantamool, Sastra Laoakka, and Kosit Phaengsoi

The overriding effect of the media and internet over community and school sexuality education among adolescents

October 2015

This study examined sexual behaviours that are common among adolescents despite the fact that they go through some forms of sexual socialization as they grow in their communities and as they enter school. Data were obtained from adolescents in five local government areas of Western Senatorial District of Kogi State, Nigeria. In all, 781 respondents were simple randomly selected from ten communities where ten government...

Author(s): Adebola, Olukemi Grace

Toward a new conceptualization of citizenship in Turkey

October 2015

The traditional form of citizenship has always been determined by the nation-state throughout the world. However, recently the development of new rights, international migration, and globalization affects the practice of citizenship. As a result, many scholars started to either redefine or develop alternative concepts of citizenship. In this context, Turkey is not an exception to the rule in its reconceptualization of...

Author(s): Åžerif Esendemir

Masks and cultural contexts drama education and Anthropology

October 2015

In the developed ‘western’ society, masks are consistently used in Drama Education, though it is usually through the specific knowledge of Drama and Theatre practice that they are contextualised. Drawing upon cultural understandings of the past and present, anthropology offers a context for masks and drama demonstrating that the purpose for masks in society supports the wider educational benefits, beyond the...

Author(s): David Roy

Assessment of the implementation of the national policy on orphans and vulnerable children in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

September 2015

Nigeria has one of the largest burdens of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) in the world. In response to these challenges, the Federal Government in Nigeria initiated and adopted the Child Rights Act (CRA) and the National Guideline and Standard of Practice (NGSP) for OVC. However, there is very limited rigorous research evidence and data on the implementation of these intervention policies. It is important for the...

Author(s): OLAGBUJI Yetunde Winifred and Obehi Hilda OKOJIE

Art as communication of rural identity: Some photographs by Mario Giacomelli

September 2015

The Aesthetic Idealism of Friedrich Schelling gave artworks a role of mental representation of the world. In the present paper, we try to integrate this gnoseological value of Art with the contemporary sociological approach of System Theory. Nowadays, we are witnessing a rapid change in the methods of communication, thanks, first of all, to globalization and digitalization. In spite of this, our thesis is that Art...

Author(s): Laura Appignanesi

Comparative analyses of linguistic sexism in Afan Oromo, Amharic, and Gamo

September 2015

This study tried to examine how linguistic sexism manifests through the lexicons of Afan Oromo, Amharic and Gamo in the light of the social and cultural lives of the speakers. The data for this study were collected from native speakers through elicitation. These data were analyzed based on Critical Discourse Analysis approach. As the study showed, among the three languages, semantically asymmetric terms, metaphors of...

Author(s): Amanuel Raga

Measures for rehabilitating drug abusers and alcoholics: A study conducted in Haldwani, Uttarakhand

August 2015

In the fast changing scenario of the world, youths especially students of the youthful age   are considered   to be future assets of the family and the nation at large. These youngsters can contribute a lot for the welfare and the advancement of the family or nation in a truly global sense only if their energies and potentialities are channelized in the most appropriate and desired  manner. On...

Author(s): Garima Pal

Peasant households’ livelihoods negotiation in the semi-arid zone of Nigeria

July 2015

Peasant households in the semi-arid region of northern Nigeria have to contend with the problems of low rainfall and desertification in their agricultural practices. They have also to contend with the problem of bioproductivity loss and inadequate capital. This research investigates the livelihoods negotiations of peasant households in the semi-arid region. The findings of the research show that peasant households have...

Author(s): Gbahabo Terfa Percy

Socio-cultural support systems for the elderly and its implications for formal social protection programmes in rural Western Kenya

July 2015

The rising populations of the elderly and the various socio-cultural and economic changes that have taken place in the Luo community have had an impact on support systems for the elderly. However, there is little knowledge that shows this impact in relation to the functionality of the available support systems for the elderly. This study sought to examine socio-cultural support systems for the elderly in Malunga-West...

Author(s): Owoko Lilian Adhiambo

Globalisation, religion and religiosity in Tanzania

June 2015

This article examines the impact of globalisation on religion and religiosity in Tanzania in the face of the neo-liberal ideology taking hold of the country. It focuses mainly on christian groups and denominations influenced by  pentecostalism in Tanzania. Thus, the discussion does not include other religions because since 1980s, it is evident that there has been an increase of new churches within christian groups....

Author(s): Huruma Luhuvilo Sigalla

Issa-Afar re-membering, re-presentation and dramaturgy of violence

May 2015

This paper presents the phenomenology of Issa-Afar protracted violence in Ethiopia from hitherto unexplored vintage points of remembering (subjective memory), re-presentation (narrative construction and re-construction of remembering), and dramaturgy (the discursive and performative utility) of violence. Issa-Afar violent conflict is one of the most protracted violent conflicts in the Horn of Africa that unabatedly...

Author(s): Mu’uz Gidey Alemu

Street vending as the safety-net for the disadvantaged people: The case of Jimma Town

May 2015

Jimma town is one of the largest towns in South Western part of the country; it hosts significant amount of people who make their life through informal sectors in general and street vending in particular. This study was aimed at exploring the street vending activities in urban informal sector in Jimma town with particular reference to three streets with too much concentration of street vendors. The general objective of...

Author(s): Tamirat Mengistu and Nega Jibat

The road to a better life: A critical perspective on human trafficking, global inequalities and migration from Mozambique towards Europe

May 2015

This work discusses the root causes behind human trafficking in the sex industry, from Mozambique to South Africa and, eventually, Europe. With examples taken from younger Mozambican women called curtidoras since 2007, social obligations towards poor families, awareness of global inequalities and dreams of going to Europe are major drivers of migration northwards and that current anti-trafficking policies do not take...

Author(s): Christian Groes-Green

Drug situation in Iran, with emphasis on content analysis of newspapers

April 2015

Addiction damages compensation for the non-acceptance of the human population is below the break in economic, social, political, cultural life, increased crime and insecurity. Growing trend of drug abuse and promotion has occupied the mind. It is currently research in recent years. To get rid of addiction requires scientific and practical investigation. This study aims to describe how drug is used in the provinces of...

Author(s): Mahvash Janmardi

Planet Earth in the 21st century: Coordination failure in common pools governance?

April 2015

Marx argued, we recall that capitalist society suffered from in-built contradictions, which would lead to its demise in time. Today, the globe faces another major kind of contradiction: rapid economic development against ecological sustainability. The relationships between economic growth and environmental sustainability have been much debated: Can they be combined to give both prosperity and environmental...

Author(s): Jan-Erik Lane

Martyrs or terrorists: Suicide bombing in Islamic hermeneutics

April 2015

The contemporary world order has been created by non Muslim powers through the infiltration of the Muslim world by colonialism and neo-colonialism. The ummah of Islam was parceled into states by imperial powers thereby weakening the solidarity of the ummah. The collapse of the communist bloc no doubt made Islam to be the only challenging system to the remaining super power. There was no doubt from the statements of...

Author(s): Abdulrazaq Kilani

Indigenous way of seeing tourism and conservation in the Colombian Amazon

April 2015

This paper is about the way in which indigenous people changed their relationship with natural resources due to the creation of the National Natural Park Amacayacu in 1975, and the way in which indigenous peoples perceive the increase of tourists with the concession of ecotourism services in the same Park in 2005.  The purpose of the paper is to show how indigenous people worked previously in the traffic of animal...

Author(s): Ivan Carroll Janer

The triple causes of African underdevelopment: Colonial capitalism, state terrorism and racism

March 2015

The paper attempts to inform Africans and the world at large of the triple evils of colonial capitalism, state terrorism, and racism and of different forms of African resistance in order to search for new ways of implementing universal human rights laws and the rights of indigenous people. Most indigenous Africans are immensely underdeveloped and have suffered for more than five centuries because of these triple evils...

Author(s): Jalata Asafa

Neighbours and drug addicts: An interface

March 2015

Drug addiction is a phenomenon by which all communities and countries are regularly affected. This has been an ever growing problem which has confronted each one of us within our families, at school, in work place or within our society in general. The present paper focuses on neighbours’ role in drug addict’s life. The area of study was in and around Chandigarh where community based de-addiction clinics were...

Author(s): Sukhpreet Kaur

Falling sex ratio in Jammu and Kashmir: Trends, determinants and consequences

March 2015

The 2011 Census has exposed some noteworthy and perturbing features with regard to regional pattern of sex ratio in Jammu and Kashmir which necessitates some illumination. Since the beginning of this century, the sex ratio in the total population has long been low in Jammu and Kashmir. The provisional data in 2011 Census showed that the overall sex ratio came down to 883 females per 1000 males against 892 females per...

Author(s): Fayaz Ahmad Bhat and Shazia Manzoor

Gender inequality in reproductive health services and sustainable development in Nigeria: A theoretical analysis

February 2015

If policies for the promotion of gender equality are to be realizable their goals must include equitable distribution of health related resources in line with MDG goals 3 and 5 which focus on promoting gender equality, empowerment of women and family planning. This requires careful identification of the similarities and differences in the use of family planning as a component of reproductive health. It also necessitates...

Author(s): Peter Ezeah and Chinyere Achonwa

Keeping religion out of a conflict: Learning from the Kenyan Church

February 2015

Religion can be argued to be back into the public sphere of society casting doubt on the secularization theories. Though religion is said to be largely ambivalent, when involved, it complicates conflicts. In our modern multi-religious societies, keeping religion out of the conflict can be of benefit. Kenya´s involvement in the war against terror in Somalia was initially against the militant group, Al- Shabaab but...

Author(s): Paul Atina Omayio

The over-indebtedness in action: An ethnographic research at NUDECON/Brazil

February 2015

This paper comes from an ethnographic study developed inside the Núcleo de Defesa do Consumidor - NUDECON, located at Rio de Janeiro’s Public Defender’s Office during April and May 2013. The aim is to understand legal categorization as a social construct, considered both in context and in action. To do so, we explore the interactions that produce over-indebted individuals who will be legally protected...

Author(s): Fernando de Castro Fontainha, Izabel Saenger Nuñez and Paulo Augusto Franco de Alcântara

Engendering energy in Ethiopia: The role of solar energy in improving rural women’s socio-economic conditions in Tigrai Region

January 2015

This study was conducted on the role of solar energy in improving the socio-economic conditions of women in Tigrai region, Ethiopia. The specific objectives of the study were to assess the extent of solar energy use, to examine the role of solar energy in promoting women’s income earning strategies and access to social services; to document the perceptions and attitudes of women beneficiaries towards solar energy...

Author(s): Gebrecherkos Gebregiorgis

Urban ecology concept and its implication for studying social integration: Case study of the Palestinian refugees

January 2015

This article aims to analyze the phenomena of urban segregation and social integration in the Palestinian refugee camps. The arguments are based on a theoretical basis as well as findings from the author’s fieldwork taken where he used to live in the Gaza refugee camp. The main argument of this paper claims that residential segregation and the creation of informal settlements in the city boundaries are exclusively...

Author(s): Akram M. Ijla

Gendered injustice: A comparative analysis of witchcraft beliefs and witchcraft-related violence in Ghana and Nepal

October 2014

Witch-hunt is an often overlooked but major social problem in many of the societies in the Global South. Ghana and Nepal represent two such societies where modern-day witch-hunt is frequently reported. This study examines the similarities and differences in witchcraft beliefs and practices in Ghana and Nepal as well as the perpetration of aggressive acts against putative witches in these two societies. Among the issues...

Author(s): Mensah Adinkrah and Prakash Adhikari

An ethnographic study of Igbo naming ceremony (IBA NWA AFA)

October 2014

In 2002, as part of a larger study, the present researcher undertook an ethnographic exploration of the Igbo naming ceremony. The aim was to identify the vector quantities implicated in the practice of this ceremony as well as the symbolic and mimetic acts and fixed expressions that constitute the fabric of the ritual process of the ceremony. The second aspect of the study was to gain a hermeneutic perspective on the...

Author(s): Chinwe Miriam Agatha Nwoye

Ethno- medicine of Bhotia tribe in Mana village of Uttarakhand

October 2014

The present paper is based on field work conducted in village Mana in Joshimath subdivision of the District Chamoli, Uttarakhand, among Bhotias. The group of Bhotias residing in this village belongs to the Marcha Bhotia category and is transhumant in nature. The paper gives an ethnographic background of the Bhotias and then focuses on the major ethno-medicines which are used by these people. These medicines have been in...

Author(s): Anjali Chauhan

The situation of orphans and vulnerable children in selected Woredas and towns in Jimma Zone

September 2014

Orphan and vulnerable (OVC) children are children that are susceptible to various types of physiological, psychological and social problems. A qualitative research was conducted to assess the situation of orphans and vulnerable children in four woredas and two towns of Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. 21 focus group discussions and 29 key informant interviews were conducted to collect data required for the study. The...

Author(s): Gudina Abashula, Nega Jibat and Tariku Ayele

Value system and malnutrition in Coastal and Lowland Sasak communities

September 2014

Cultural value system includes a social standardization in certain communities. The meaning itself is a reflection of the value system. The meaning then shows the extent of a value system applied by members of the social system in their daily life. This paper will analyze the meaning of feeding toddlers and pregnancy. By assuming the system of cultural value through the meaning that triggers the occurrence of...

Author(s): Adriana Monica Sahidu, Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Arif Satria, Soeryo Adiwibowo and Ali Khomsan

Revitalization of Gampong Institution in Aceh: Measuring the program of “Back to Gampong” in the middle of the changing society: A case in Aceh Besar regency

September 2014

The passage of UU No. 18, 2001 on regional autonomy and followed up with the issuance of Qanun No. 4, 2003 on mukim, and Qanun No. 5, 2003 on gampong and reinforced by UUPA No. 11, 2006 on Acehnese government is a history of social identity of Acehnese society, which has been neglected during the conflict. The regional government has made some breakthroughs and one of the breakthroughs was gampong revitalization through...

Author(s): Mahmuddin Mahmuddin, Lala M. Kolopaking, Rilus A. Kinseng, Saharuddin and Sadu Wasistiono

Innovative approach to decentralized planning for backward area development in India

August 2014

The allocation of appropriate funds for any development sector is a major issue in which the three levels of rural development are involved, namely the Panchayats, its block and district. There is a huge disparity between the funds proposed under a bottom-up decentralized planning system from the Panchayat and block levels and the top-down release of funds from the district. The targeted beneficiaries are totally...

Author(s): Krishnendu Sarkar

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