International Journal of
Science and Technology Education Research

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sci. Technol. Educ. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6559
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSTER
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 73

IJSTER Articles

February 2011

Prediction of the problems, user-satisfaction and prospects of e-learning in HEIs of KPK, Pakistan

  The research reveals that whatever is the perception and theory of a user about the ICTs and e-Learning environment, the same is reflected through his/her attitude toward using educational technologies for teaching and learning purposes. This study is about the measurement of relationships between the predictors (perceptions about educational technologies and the development and use practices) and the...

Author(s): Qamar Afaq Qureshi, Allah Nawaz and Najeebullah Khan

  • Article Number: 00E077B2886

February 2011

Analysis of dexterous finger movement for piano education using motion capture system

  Although finger bones construction of human body is very complex and difficult to measure but it is necessary to measure the dexterous finger movement of a pianist for piano playing. This paper has measured the finger movements with six degrees of freedom of an expert pianist, using a magnetic motion capture system by which it is possible to measure any type of finger movements during their activities. From...

Author(s): Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Kazutaka Mitobe, Masafumi Suzuki, Chihiro Takano and Noboru Yoshimura

  • Article Number: 802984F2917

February 2011

Revisiting higher education data analysis: A Bayesian perspective

  There has been an increasing interest by the educationists and policy makers alike on the delivery and working of educational system at all levels.  Despite the extensive attention devoted to the empirical analysis of the data, most of the statistical techniques used in evaluating the data do not take account the qualitative nature of the data. The solicitation of expert’s opinion and dealing with...

Author(s): M. Subbiah, M. R. Srinivasan and S. Shanthi

  • Article Number: CC4A0772939

January 2011

Using culturally-based analogical concepts in teaching secondary school science: Model of a lesson plan

  The paper traces the ever increasing list of concepts science students perceive as difficult to use inadequate techniques by teachers in presenting the concepts in classroom situations. This is despite the attempts by science teachers in using systematic analogical teaching strategies to clarify concepts. The authors blame this failure on the use of analogies drawn from divergent cultural milieus and thus...

Author(s): Ijioma Blessing Chima and Onwukwe Ernest Onyebuchi

  • Article Number: 82FBB252614

January 2011

Using the English placement test (EPT) for proficiency assessment in Sana’a community college, Yemen

  The research reported in this paper is to provide practical advice for those taking the English placement test (EPT) into Sana’a community college (SCC) and to report on one means to meet the applicant’s needs after failing in the English college admission test (ECAT). SCC has an open-door enrollment policy that conflicts with the failure of the new applicants in passing ECAT. This study...

Author(s): M. Najib Ghafar, New Kuwi Hoi and Samah Ali Mohsen Mofreh

  • Article Number: 6EF56F42623

December 2010

Cluster of heterogeneous computers: Using mobile agents for improving load balance

  Due to the increasing interest to achieve high performance computing using cluster, which consists of heterogeneous workstations and/or personal computers (PCs) connected via a fast network. Usually programming such systems is done by applying message-passing libraries like MPI. Due to the lack of a load balancing facility, it is quite possible to overload machines on the network with tasks, and lead parallel...

Author(s): Mohammed A. M. Ibrahim

  • Article Number: E2E4BB52320

December 2010

Swarm intelligence based approach for routing in mobile Ad Hoc networks

  Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) are built up of a collection of mobile nodes which have no fixed infrastructure. The nodes communicate through wireless network and there is no central control. Routing is the task of directing data packets from a source node to a given destination. This task is particularly complex due to the dynamic topology, limited process and storing capability, bandwidth constraints and...

Author(s): Rajeshwar Singh, D. K. Singh and Lalan Kumar

  • Article Number: 0EE2BC12339

November 2010

The relationship between students’ participation in school based extracurricular activities and their achievement in physics

This study was carried out on the relationship between students’ participation in school based extracurricular activities and their achievement in physics. The samples used for the research work were selected randomly from four senior secondary schools in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. A total number of two hundred physics students comprising one hundred females and one hundred male students. Three...

Author(s): Sunday A. Adeyemo

  • Article Number: B349AF92387

November 2010

What becomes of the learner who uses information and communication technology (ICT)? Case of the students in engineering of Tunis

It is evident that it is not easy to determine the multiple components and facets which a learner could have in a classic class situation considering the complexity, the character and diversity of such situations. However, on the basis of a didactic theoretical framework which illustrates the relations between a learner and technologies used in class, we will try to “remodelise” it so that we can set up...

Author(s): Jelmam Yassine

  • Article Number: A64461D2401

November 2010

A comparative study of problem-based and lecture-based learning in secondary school students’ motivation to learn science

Problem-based learning (PBL) is an innovative method involving problem-first learning via work in small group and independent study. With its promises, PBL is gaining popularity in higher institutions. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to compare PBL and lecture-based learning (LBL) in Senior Secondary School (SSS) students’ motivation to learn science. Eight-hundred and ten (810) science SSS II students...

Author(s): Achuonye Keziah A.

  • Article Number: AA53CB12413

November 2010

High concentration ozone generation in the laboratory for various applications

Ozone (O3) the allotrope of oxygen is a powerful disinfectant and oxidant and nature’s agent for cleansing the environment. Ozone present in nature is only of sub-ppm level. In order to have ozone in large quantities, it is inevitable that same is produced artificially in a machine. In our laboratory, we have devised a novel and innovative plasma device for forming ozone in large quantities of thousands of ppm in...

Author(s): T. Vijayan and Jagadish G. Patil

  • Article Number: 4EA22862427

October 2010

The impact of ICT on students’ study habits. Case study: University of Buea, Cameroon

This research aimed at investigating the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on students’ study habits. The research was conducted with two main purposes; Firstly, to investigate students’ familiarity and attitude towards ICTs, and secondly, to examine the possible relationship between students’ use of ICTs and study habits. The results revealed that students have a positive...

Author(s): Tah Babila Mbah

  • Article Number: 39677782182

October 2010

Restructuring education, training and human-resource development in the Nigerian construction industry

  Investments in manpower development in the construction industry of most developing nations have been the failure of numerous National plans and development strategies adopted by countries and international lending institutions. As a consequence most of these nations are experiencing serious human resources constraints in their construction industry. Clearly the perception and position of government on...

Author(s): N. Aniekwu and C. A. Ozochi

  • Article Number: 83E9B852159

October 2010

A survey of factors determining the employability of science and technology graduates of polytechnics and universities in the Nigerian labour market

Today in Nigeria, many university graduates complain of high levels of unemployment and prospects for employment have worsened over time. Despite some progress made in extending access to higher education for various groups of Nigerians seeking university education, however, the percentage of graduate unemployment has assumed alarming proportions especially for graduates of science and technology. Does the education...

Author(s): S. A. Adeyemo, A. O. Ogunleye, C. O. Oke and S. O. Adenle

  • Article Number: C2E62502171

September 2010

Education leadership in a globalized economy: A Kenyan perspective

  The 21st century has ushered in a new revolution in education leadership structures which have become the occasion of less hierarchical - more flattened, more fluid organizations. Today's management and leadership are driven by relationships that make the most of people's knowledge and enabled by networks with improved connectivity. Changing management structures, flatter organizations and new...

Author(s): Laban P. Ayiro and James K. Arap Sang

  • Article Number: 6975CD22112

September 2010

Effects of HIV/AIDS epidemic and related sicknesses on family and community structures in Nigeria: Evidence of emergence of older care-givers and orphan hoods

  The rate of increase in HIV/AIDS is changing family structure wiping out middle generations of adults (breadwinner) leaving the aged and the young ones to take up responsibilities of support and care of their needs. The study examined this prevalence of increase in older carer and under-aged who have taking up responsibilities of meeting needs, in Benue State, Nigeria. The study revealed that about 21.82% of...

Author(s):   T. G. Apata, M. A. Y. Rahji, O. M. Apata, J. O. Ogunrewo and O. A. Igbalajobi

  • Article Number: A9F2F3E2127

September 2010

Determinants of rural poverty in Nigeria: Evidence from small holder farmers in South-western, Nigeria

  Small farmers are one of the more disadvantaged and vulnerable groups in Nigeria. Studies have shown that majority of people living in absolute poverty can be found on small farms with half in this group undernourished. The study examined the determinants of rural poverty in Nigeria. The study uses a probit model on a sample of 500 smallholder farmers to establish factors that influences probability of...

Author(s): T. G. Apata, O. M. Apata, O. A. Igbalajobi and S. M. O. Awoniyi

  • Article Number: 88522E42135

August 2010

Primary school teachers’ mastery of primary school mathematics content

  The study investigated the level of competences (or mastery) possessed by primary school teachers in primary school Mathematics. The population of the study included all primary school teachers in the South-South geo-political zone of Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 252 primary school teachers from the zone who are involved in the National Teacher’s Institute (NTI) workshops...

Author(s): Godwin Alo Odili and A. Vincent Asuru

  • Article Number: CCDA1BB1859

July 2010

Digital literacy: An analysis of the contemporary paradigms

  Digital (computer) literacy is the new title for ‘educated’. Both teachers and students have no option but to acquire a level of computer-literacy to catch up with the growing digital societies. Governments and higher education institutions (mHEIs) are making all out efforts by providing e-Learning environments to gain some levels of digital literacy of the masses at large and the...

Author(s): Allah Nawaz and Ghulam Muhammad Kundi

  • Article Number: 68579321822

July 2010

From objectivism to social constructivism: The impacts of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on higher education

  Higher education has been on the rollercoaster for the last couple of decades with the advent of the first personal computer in the 1980s and then the Internet in the 1990s and not only explicitly in terms of using innovative digital gadgets, but also implicitly in perceptions about and approaches to e-Learning from behaviorism through cognitive to social constructivism or more specifically, from transmitted...

Author(s): Allah Nawaz and Ghulam Muhammad Kundi

  • Article Number: 4F99DD11828

July 2010

Predictive power of two selection examination scores on Senior School Certificate Examination result of pre-degree science students of Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

  This study examined the predictive power of two selection examination scores on Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) result of pre-degree science students of Benue State University Makurdi-Nigeria with a view to seeking alternative to multiple selection examinations. Out of 1240 candidates that came in for Preliminary Science programme for 2007/2008 session, only 380 passed (that is, a minimum of C...

Author(s): E. Emmanuel Achor, O. Solomon Aligba and O. Emmanuel Omananyi

  • Article Number: 59DE7B51835

April 2010

Consequences of family and friends (social network) influences on pupils’ interest in science careers: A Scottish perspective

  The project reported in this article investigated the views of 546 pupils aged 14 - 15 years drawn from 5  schools in one Scottish city. This article reports on the influence of the family and friends element of Bourdieu’s, Coleman’s and Putnam’s social networks and civic norms, on pupils’ views about science careers. Coleman (1988) suggests that social networks and...

Author(s):   Susan Rodrigues and Divya Jindal-Snape   

  • Article Number: 29901E241333

April 2010

Digital literacy: An analysis of the contemporary paradigms

  Digital (computer) literacy is the new title for ‘educated’. Both teachers and students have no option but to acquire a level of computer-literacy to catch up with the growing digital societies. Governments and higher education institutions (mHEIs) are making all out efforts by providing e-Learning environments to gain some levels of digital literacy of the masses at large and the...

Author(s):   Allah Nawaz and Ghulam Muhammad Kundi        

  • Article Number: 7185A9341332

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