Journal of
Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Biotech. Sustain. Dev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2340
  • DOI: 10.5897/JABSD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 138

JABSD Articles

Innovation barriers and drivers in Sub-sahara African economies (1976-2012): A cointegration analysis

June 2015

The study relied on secondary data accessed from World Bank data base spanning over 37 years (1976-2012). Data obtained were analyzed using canonical cointegration regression (CCR) method. It was found that poor education (secondary school enrollment) was exerting negative influence on innovation levels in SSA (p<0.05) in the long-run. Credit to the private sector as well as value of official aids received, labour...

Author(s): Onoja, A. O. & Emodi, A. I.

Comparative effects of organic and inorganic soil amendments on the growth of cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale l.) seedlings

June 2015

This experiment was established to investigate the comparative effect of organic and inorganic soil amendments on the growth of cashew seedlings. Cashew nuts were planted in potting medium filled with well drained loamy soil and placed in a screenhouse. Cashew seeds with 8 to 9 g weight were selected and viability test was carried out using Tetrazolium test (TZ) viability test to ascertain how viable the seeds were...

Author(s): Awodun M. A., Osundare O. T., Oyelekan S. A. and Okonji C. J.

Comparative advantages of using modern technology for teaching-learning process in agricultural sciences in Jigjiga University, Ethiopia

May 2015

Modern technology is the backbone approach for teaching technology education. It continues to be increasingly adopted and used by higher institutions in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to identify the comparative advantages of using modern technology in improve teaching-learning process in agricultural sciences in Jigjiga University. This study was conducted with the sample of 4 departments, and a total of 16...

Author(s): Takele Geta and Bosenu Abera

Institutional determinants of farmer participation in irrigation development post “fast-track” land reform program in Zimbabwe

April 2015

Access to reliable irrigation enables farmers to adopt new technologies and intensify agricultural, water and land productivity. The Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) of 2000 in Zimbabwe ushered in new, unskilled cadres in the irrigation sector, drastically reducing the area under irrigation from approximately 200,000 ha developed for irrigation to around 120,000 ha. This trend could be explained by lack of...

Author(s): K. Nhundu, A. Mushunje, L. Zhou and F. Aghdasi

Effect of fermentation on proximate composition, physicochemical and microbial characteristics of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) and Acha (Digitaria exilis (Kippist) Stapf) flour blends

March 2015

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of spontaneous fermentation on proximate composition, physicochemical and microbial characteristics of sprouted millet-acha blends with the aim of producing fermented flour blends for traditional beverage. Pearl millet and acha grains were sprouted, milled and blended into different ratios. The blends were mixed with water, fermented for 72 h and dried in an...

Author(s): A. O. Ojokoh, O. E. Fayemi, F. C. K. Ocloo and F. I. Nwokolo

Survey on honey production system, challenges and Opportunities in selected areas of Hadya Zone, Ethiopia

October 2014

The study was carried out in Hadiya zone to asses honey production systems, challenges and opportunities in the study area. A total of 196 farmers were selected randomly and interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. The result shows most (90.7%) of the beekeepers in the study area have owned only traditional beehives. The average honey yield from traditional, transitional and frame hive was 3.04 ±0.92,...

Author(s): Haftu  Kebede and  Gezu Tadesse

Innovation dynamics in cassava production systems in Uganda

September 2014

Traditional knowledge has made appreciable contributions to people’s sustenance and livelihoods. Its contribution to science and technology is however not recorded, codified, stored or systematized to spur knowledge sharing and science and technology development. It continues to be ordinary, couched and associated with low prestige rural life. An innovation systems framework was used to study the dynamics and...

Author(s): Deborah Wendiro, Watu Wamae, Anne Kingiri, Margaret Dhabangi and Paul Alex Wacoo

Characterization of wild genotypes of Aroeira: Subsidy for plant breeding

July 2014

The selection of genetically superior materials of different forest species with economic potential involves studies of germplasm characterization. Facing the exploitation of aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi.) in areas of natural occurrence the genetic and chemical characterization of individuals is extremely important to suit the selection. The work was carried out to identify genetic and chemical differences in...

Author(s): Danilla Cristina Lemos Souza, Laura Jane Gomes, Arie Fitzgerald Blank, Itamara Bomfim Gois, Glauber Santos Pereira, Péricles Barreto Alves, Renata Silva-Mann

Production, consumption and nutritional value of cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) in Mozambique: An overview

July 2014

Both soils and climate in Mozambique suit cassava cultivation and nine million tons fresh weight is produced annually, with a consumption of 85 kg per person per year. The roots are a staple carbohydrate and cooked leaves are served as a vegetable. Cassava is essential to food security, as it is a subsistence crop. Roots and leaves contain vitamin C and some minerals but are deficient in proteins and amino-acids....

Author(s): Salvador E. M., Steenkamp V. and McCrindle C. M. E.

Agrobacterium mediated transfer of nptII and gus genes in Camellia assamica

May 2014

The present work is an attempt to develop transgenic hairy root system in Camellia assamica, using leaves infected by Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain LBA9402, harboring binary vector (pART27 and pBI121) carrying β-glucuronidase (gus) as reporter gene and neomycin phosphotransferase (nptII) as selection marker. The transformed hairy roots were grown in phytohormone free MS media in the presence of kanamycin 50...

Author(s): Neelakshi Bhattacharyya, Hijam Ranjit Singh, Niraj Agarwala, Prasenjit Bhagawati, Giasuddin Ahmed and Sudripta Das

Role of Dirhinus giffardii Silv. age on the parasitism preference to different days old pupae of Bactrocera zonata and Bactrocera cucurbitae

April 2014

Apprehensions are mounting about the effects of pesticides on human and environment. Therefore, interest is being revived to use biological control, which is recognized as an important component of sustainable pest management. Dirhinus giffardii has been effectively used as pupal parasitoid for the management of fruit flies. Experiments were conducted to determine the suitable host age for rearing of the pupal...

Author(s): Muhammad Naveed, Anjum Suhail, Nazir Ahmad, Imran Rauf and Waseem Akbar

White rot (Sclerotium cepivorum Berk) - an aggressive pest of onion and garlic in Ethiopia: An overview

April 2014

Allium crops are the most indispensable vegetable crops used as condiments in most Ethiopian cuisine. Among them, onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.) rightly called as “queen of kitchen”, belong to the family Alliaceae and considered as one of the most important vegetable and spice crops produced on large scale in Ethiopia, cultivated during dry and rainy seasons. The global pest, white...

Author(s): Mohammed Amin, Shiberu Tadele and Thangavel Selvaraj

Plasmid profile of bacterial isolates from fertilizer amended tropical agro soils

April 2014

This study assessed the profile of plasmids in the culturable heterotrophic bacterial isolates from organic swine waste (SW) and inorganic (NPK) fertilizer amended tropical soils of the Niger Delta region in Nigeria. Plasmid DNA was extracted and analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Plasmid analysis of 70 fertilizer utilizing bacterial isolates revealed the presence of plasmids with molecular weights ranging from...

Author(s): Uduak Ugonma Ndubuisi-Nnaji, Itakufok George Uduak, Gideon Chukwuma Okpokwasili and Francisca Oby Nwaokorie

Handling, processing and utilization of milk and milk products in Ezha district of the Gurage zone, Southern Ethiopia

December 2013

A survey study was conducted in Ezha district of Gurage zone to understand the hygienic practices during production and further handling of milk and milk products; and their utilization. One hundred and twenty households were selected based on ownership of dairy cows, milk processing practice and willingness to participate in the study from two agro-ecologies (Dega and Woyna Dega) within the district. None of the...

Author(s): Abebe Bereda, Zelalem Yilma and Ajebu Nurfeta

Effect of locust bean fruit pulp (parkia biglobosa) flour on the quality of wheat biscuits

December 2013

Composite biscuits were produced from blends of wheat flour and African locust bean fruit pulp flour. The wheat/locust bean fruit pulp flours were mixed in the ratio of 100:0, 90:10, 85:15, 80:20 and 70:30%, respectively. The physical characteristics of the biscuits ranged in value, with diameter from 6.10 to 6.35cm, height from 1.08 to 1.20 cm, weight from 15.20 to 16.40 g, spread ratio from 4.90 to 5.88 and break...

Author(s): Zakari U. M., Ajayi S. A. and Hassan A.

Determination of some agronomic characters in different age groups of traditional rice cultivars in Sri Lanka under fertilized and non-fertilized conditions

September 2013

  Yields of traditional rice cultivars are typically low. The objective of this study was to understand the yield and agronomically important phenotypic traits of some traditional rice cultivars with different days to maturity at fertilized conditions. A field experiment was done at Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, Sri Lanka during Maha 2011 to 2012...

Author(s): A. L. Ranawake, U. G. S. Amarasinghe and S. G. J. N. Senanayake

Crop-machinery management system for field operations and farm machinery selection

September 2013

  The main objective of this study is to develop a computer system for farm management and selection of required farm machinery to perform field operations in time for crops grown in rotations. Excel and Visual basic software were used to develop the program. The input data included 4 crops (sorghum, sesame, sunflower and cotton), 3 field operations (seedbed preparation, seeding, and weeding operations) and 3...

Author(s): Lotfie A.Yousif, Mohamed H. Dahab and Haitham R. El Ramlawi

Biochemical and microbiological analysis of shea nut cake: A waste product from shea butter processing

July 2013

  In the quest for finding ways of utilizing shea nut cake (SNC), 24 samples of SNC were obtained from six industries to investigate the presence of microbes, minerals, proximate and phytochemical constituents. The samples were examined for total coliforms, total viable, faecal and Escherichia coli contamination. Other microbes were isolated and identified with the aid of the API kit. The SNC samples...

Author(s): I. Abdul-Mumeen, H. D. Zakpaa and F. C. Mills-Robertson

Technological model for improving the management and yield of rainfed maize in Cohetzala-puebla-Mexico

July 2013

  This work presents a methodology for executing a technological intervention model that improves the management of maize and its yield per hectare. In order to meet the aforesaid goals, 60 maize growers were surveyed; the use of exotechnologies and endotechnologies was assessed through the calculation of the modern technology appropriation index (IATM, by its acronym in Spanish) and the rural technologies use...

Author(s):   Miguel ÁngelDamián Huato, Artemio Cruz León, Omar Romero Arenas, Conrado Márquez Rosano, Sergio Moreno Limón, and Carlos Manuel Acosta-Durán

Influence of canopy structure on yield of cassava cultivars at various toposequences of an inland valley agro ecosystem

May 2013

  A two-year trial to evaluate differences in canopy parameters in relation to productivity of cassava was conducted in inland valley ecology in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Canopy parameters differed between sites, toposequence positions and years due to large differences in water table depth and weather conditions. Leaf number, leaf formation rate, leaf area index, canopy area and stay green ability...

Author(s): M. T. Lahai, I. J. Ekanayake, and J. P. C. Koroma

Factors determining farmers’ participation in Striga resistant maize variety (SAMMAZ 11) production in Ushongo Local Government area of Benue State, Nigeria

May 2013

  Parasitic weed called Striga hemonthica has been found to be a serious problem in Ushongo Local Government Area. It was in the light of this that farmer-led approach was employed to create awareness to farmers on the available improved technology in Striga control. A demonstration plot was designed whereStriga resistant maize variety (SAMMAZ 11) was grown. One hundred and twenty...

Author(s): Yusuf O., Sani I., Usman S. and Dawang C. N.

Correlation of stipe length, pileus width and stipe girth of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) grown in different farm substrates

May 2013

  A study was performed to correlate the stipe length, pileus width and stipe girth of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) grown in different farm substrates. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design with eight treatments and four replications. The farm substrates (treatments) were composed of mixtures of different types of agricultural wastes with lime and water as additives to each...

Author(s): Chukwurah N. F., Eze S. C.,  Chiejina N. V.,  Onyeonagu C. C.,  Okezie C. E. A.,  Ugwuoke K. I., Ugwu F. S. O., Aruah C. B., Akobueze E. U. and  Nkwonta C. G.

Integration of social, ecological, political and technological issues into economic development programs: Key to sustainable development of human society

February 2013

  We need to plan for ‘Development without Destruction’ and manage our environment based on the ethical principle of social equality, economic prosperity with ecological security to achieve the goals of sustainable development. Environmental management and economic development programs should go hand in hand for achieving sustainability in global human society. Changes in the way we develop our...

Author(s): Rajiv K. Sinha, Brijalkumar Soni and Binod Shankar

Endosulfan: A potential genotoxicant on Allium cepa root tip cells

February 2013

  The present study reports the potential genotoxic effects of a widely used insecticide, endosulfan (Endoin 35% EC), on root tip cells of onion (Allium cepa L.). Treatment of onion root tips at a concentration of 0.156 μg/L of endosulfan showed highest fluctuation of mitotic depression at various durations (0.38 to -181%) of exposure. The mitotic index decreased with the increase in the concentrations...

Author(s): Tripathy S. K., Bijayinee S., Samad I. and Das R. K.

The effects of Cassia alata L. aqueous leaf extract on the germination of Corchorus olitorius

January 2013

  The effect of different concentrations of Cassia alata crude aqueous leaf extract on the germination ofCorchorus olitorius was investigated. All concentrations of C. alata aqueous leaf extract (10, 30, 50, 75 and 100% C) used in this study caused significant (P < 0.05) decrease in the total percentage and germination rate of C. olitorius. Similarly, all concentrations of...

Author(s): Silver Ighosotu and Nyerhovwo J. Tonukari

Genetic estimates and trend analysis of some growth parameters of cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) as influenced by nine nutrient combinations

January 2013

  Good seedling establishment has a positive impact on the productive capacity of tree crops. This study investigated the optimum combination of phosphorus and organic fertilizer (OF) for the growth of cashew seedling at the pre-flowering stage. Two cashew accessions of the same nut size category from two geographical sources (Ochaja and Oro, Kogi State of Nigeria) were evaluated to assess their responses to...

Author(s): B. D. Adewale, O. S. Ibiremo, N. C. Odoh and E. A. Adeyemi

Framework for sustainable development education and lessons learned

November 2012

  Today, educators face a compelling responsibility to serve society by fostering the transformations needed to set the path to sustainable development. The time has come to ensure that the concepts of education for sustainability - in the broadest sense - are discussed and woven into a framework upon which current and future educational policy is based. Understanding the principles of sustainability...

Author(s): Santosh Kumar Mishra

Household food security in a coastal rural community of South Africa: Status, causes and coping strategies

November 2012

  Food insecurity is a challenge in rural South Africa. This paper employed descriptive statistics, household food accessibility index, and ordinal regression analysis on a sample of 159 randomly selected households to model the risk of inadequate access to food among households in a coastal-rural community of Hamburg, in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Data was collected using household...

Author(s): S. Ndhleve, L. Musemwa and L. Zhou

A comparative analysis of yield performance of maize (Zea mays L.) under different tillage methods in Musana communal area, Zimbabwe

July 2012

  In order to reduce the negative effects of conventional tillage there is need to develop or adopt alternative tillage systems. A comparative study on the effects of three tillage methods on the yield performance of a maize cultivar SC633 was conducted in Musiiwa ward of Musana Communal Area, Mashonaland Central Province in Zimbabwe. The experiment was conducted on existing farmers’ fields. A randomized...

Author(s): Nyakudya I. W., L. Jimu, V. Muripira and T. J. Chikuvire

Comparative evaluation of rice and sunhemp root inhabiting Pseudomonas fluorescens for optimized glucanase production

July 2012

  Exploitation of rhizosphere inhabiting Pseudomonas fluorescens for useful products like industrial enzymes remains largely less explored. Glucanase enzyme produced by P. fluorescens has wide range of application in food, textile and brewing industry, other than their antifungal activity for agricultural use. In our study, native isolates of P. fluorescens from rice and sunhemp...

Author(s): Harsha Payal, Nandhini Sasidharan, Kavya Madhavan, Divyalakshmi Venkatachalam, Sowmya Rajendran, Thangavelu Thayumanavan and Subramanian Babu

The Qur’anic sustainable remedy to the global food crisis: Nigeria as a case study

June 2012

  Agriculturalists, economists and experts from different fields of studies have raised alarm on food crisis. All of the theories propounded did not proffer a sustainable remedy to the invisible catastrophe. Therefore, views of the experts of various fields in both advanced and developing countries were examined. It was discovered that a feasible alternative to sustainable remedy to the global crisis not yet...

Author(s): Sulayman Adeniran Shittu

Effectiveness of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in protection of maize (Zea mays L.) against witchweed (Striga hermonthica Del Benth) infestation

June 2012

  Striga hermonthica is one of the most important obligate root hemiparasitic weeds of cereals such as maize and sorghum. This study investigated the impact of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on theStriga-maize host interaction and its potential application in management of Striga infestation. Two maize varieties: Striga-susceptible Nyamilambo and Striga-tolerant KSTP94; three...

Author(s): Othira, J. O., Omolo, J. O., Wachira, F. N. and Onek, L. A.

The role of microtubules in the growth of pollen tube tip

May 2012

  Pollen grains were sown on agar germination media containing increasing concentrations of the following disruptors, oryzalin and colchicines. Germination tube length was examined and results were evaluated. Treatment with oryzalin caused a slight but significant reduction in pollen germination while colchicines did not affect germination. All the microtubules (MTs) disruptors caused a decline in pollen tube...

Author(s): Agouzal M. and Quyou A.

Performance of catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell, 1822) fed enzyme supplemented dried rumen digesta

May 2012

  The growth response of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings fed with varying levels of enzyme supplemented dried rumen digesta meal (EDRD) was conducted for 70 days in Nursery cages (hapa nets) suspended in outdoor concrete tanks. One hundred and fifty (150) fish were randomly assigned to five diets formulated such that EDRD replaces soybean at 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40%, respectively. Thirty fish...

Author(s): AGBABIAKA L. A., MADUBUIKE F. N. and UZOAGBA C. U.

Proximate analysis of Sphenostylis stenocarpa and Voadzeia subterranean consumed in South - Eastern Nigeria

February 2012

  Proximate analyses of two traditional grain legumes consumed in Eastern Nigeria- Bambara groundnut (Voadzeia subterranean) and African yam beans (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) were carried out. Bambara groundnut was found to contain 2.86 ± 0.02% moisture, 32.40 ± 0.02% protein, 7.35 ± 0.02% fat, 5.78 ± 0.02% ash, 2.68 ± 0.02% crude fiber and 51.78 ± 0.02% total...

Author(s): S. Nwodo Chinedu and C. Obinna Nwinyi

Effect of Potassium Bearing Rock on the Growth and Quality of Potato Crop (Solanum tuberosum)

February 2012

  The main target of this research work is to evaluate the possibility of substituting partly or totally the expensive potassium fertilizers by natural deposits of feldspars bearing rocks. A field experiment was conducted to grow potatoes on poorly sandy soils. Four treatments were followed: control using K-sulfate only; ½ K-sulfate +½ K-feldspar; ¼ K-sulfate +¾ K-feldspars and...

Author(s): B. F. Labib, T. K. Ghabour, I. S. Rahim and M. M. Wahba

Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers and cotyledon removal on establishment and growth of yeheb nut bush (Cordeauxia edulis Hemsl.) outside its natural habitat

December 2011

  Yeheb nut bush (Cordeauxia edulis) is a multipurpose but endangered shrub native to arid south-Eastern Ethiopia and Central Somalia. Establishment of this species was studied in two sets of experiments during 2005 to 2007. In the first set of experiment, field establishment was conducted at Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, which is located 725 km north west of the natural habitat (Bokh). Nitrogen at 0, 46 and 92 level...

Author(s): Bertukan Mekonnen, Kebede Woldetsadik, Tamado Tana and Asha Yahya

Biofertilizer: A novel approach for agriculture

December 2011

  The nodulation activity in some legume plants was estimated using two nitrogen fixing microorganisms that produced and introduced in different growth conditions. Two isolates of agriculturally important nitrogen fixing microorganisms, Rhizobium meliloti and Azospirillium lipoferum were isolated from Western Maharashtra soil habitat. The standard isolation technique was carried out in...

Author(s): Swapnil D. Topre, Sreejit S. Panikar, Sarita U. Mahajani and Satish B. Patil

Genetics of fruit yield and it’s contributing characters in tomato (Solanum lycopersicom)

December 2011

  Tomato is a premier vegetable crop of round the year and one of the prominent eco-industrial crops of India generating sizeable employment. The present study which consisted 10 genotypes was evaluated in randomized block design replicated thrice at Regional Agricultural Research Station-Ujjain during Rabi2007 to 2008. The variation was maximum (424 to 825 qtl/ha) for fruit yield and minimum for fruit...

Author(s): S. K. Kaushik, D. S. Tomar and A. K. Dixit

Modification of surface structure and crystallinity of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) following recombinant α-L-arabinofuranosidase (abfa) treatment

November 2011

  This research was aimed to investigate the modification of surface structure and crystallinity of water hyacinth after recombinant α-L-arabinofuranosidase treatment. The process of water hyacinth hydrolysis was optimized first, by determination of the most optimal intracellular enzyme (P) and extracellular enzyme (S) mixture ratio, and its incubation time. The optimum of water hyacinth...

Author(s): Anita Kurniati, Handoko Darmokoesoemo and N. N. T. Puspaningsih,

Study of copper phytotoxicity on in vitro culture of Musa acuminata cv. ‘Bantala’

October 2011

  The present study aimed to investigate the effect of different concentration of copper on growth and development of Musa acuminata cv. Bantala grown in vitro. The results showed that 1.0 μM copper stimulated root induction, elongation and shoot growth when compared with the control (0.1 μM copper). In addition, higher level of copper (100 µM) has toxic effect on banana leaves with...

Author(s): Bandita Deo and Preetam Kumar Nayak

Sustainable approach towards agricultural production and employment generation in Bangladesh: A case study of SSWRDP

October 2011

  Agriculture and fisheries are dependent on water; hence, integrated approach in water management involving local stakeholders is the key to solve the food and water crisis for today and future. In Bangladesh, major small scale water resources development interventions are undertaken by Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) Bangladesh, under its Small Scale Water Resources Development Projects...

Author(s): Rouf Md. Abdur

Biomass energy resources utilisation and waste management

October 2011

  This article discusses a comprehensive review of biomass energy sources, environment and sustainable development. This includes all the biomass energy technologies, energy efficiency systems, energy conservation scenarios, energy savings and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce emissions. The current literature is reviewed regarding the ecological, social, cultural and economic impacts of biomass...

Author(s): Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Land use planning regarding sustainable development through agritourism: Şarköy example

October 2011

  In rural areas, where agricultural tourism activities are not dense but having apparent potential, in order to provide sustainable development, it is necessary to maintain a rational and protective planning process. With this point, firstly, landscape potential of a field should be determined, while the activities which can be performed and the implementation areas regarding this potential should be...

Author(s): TuÄŸba Kiper

Soil status and yield response of different varieties of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) grown at Mubi floodplain, North Eastern, Nigeria

September 2011

  The performance of three okra Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench varieties were evaluated under irrigation on the floodplain soils of Mubi, North Eastern Nigeria. The treatments consisted of three okra varieties: V1 (improved), V2 (serial) and V3 (local okra) laid out in a randomized complete block design and replicated three times. The land was cleared, ploughed, harrowed, leveled and...

Author(s): G. Y. Jamala, P. G. Boni, P. Abraham and A. M. Musa

Food production and consumption pattern in Pakistan during 1979 to 2010

September 2011

The paper is about change in food production and consumption pattern in Pakistan. Food availability per capita per annum in Pakistan increased from 298.1 kg in 1979 to 1980 to 414.8 kg in 2007 to 2008 at a rate slower than Population growth (from 85.09 million to 163.8 million over the same period) (Government of Pakistan, 2010). Food consumption pattern in Pakistan are exception and changing by weight nearly three...

Author(s): Khaliq-Uz-Zaman

Urbanization of arable land in Lahore City in Pakistan: A case-study

September 2011

This study is intended to explore the extent of converting arable land for urban use and the pace of construction activities on the residential housing schemes. In most of the schemes, more than half of the plots are inbuilt because by-laws are very flexible and owners of vacant plots have no fear of cancellation and they consider this investment a better safeguard against inflation. Moreover, speculators invested their...

Author(s): Khaliq-Uz-Zaman and Arif Anwar Baloch

A field trial of crude extract from Phytophthora palmivora - infected cocoa pods to control black pod disease in a farm in Iworoko Ekiti, Ekiti State

August 2011

  In this study, the effect of crude extract of cocoa infected with Phytophthora palmivora were tested for and their ability to confer protection on cocoa pods in the field against black pod disease/pod rot. Dichloromethane was used to extract the phytochemicals from infected cocoa pods. The extract was concentrated using rotatory evaporator at 40°C. Three categories of matured unriped and...

Author(s): Fagbohun, E. D. and Lawal, O. U.

The effect of gamma irradiation on the ovaries and testes of Plodia interpunctella (Phycitidae: Lepidoptera)

August 2011

  Plodia interpunctella (Hubn) male and female full grown pupae were exposed to 50, 150, 250 and 350 Gy. The ovaries and testes were investigated following the emergence of the moth. Irradiation of female pupae reduced the number of developing oocytes and fewer eggs were laid. This effect was referred to the reduction in the length of ovariole. Irradiation further induced oocyte reabsorption as...

Author(s): Abdel Baki Salwa M, and Areej Abdelkareem Al Khalaf

In vitro regeneration of Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del from nodes on B5 medium

June 2011

  Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del epicotyls buds were initiated in a medium supplemented by a combination of naphthalene acetic acid NAA (0.1 mg/L), benzyl amino purine BA (1.5 mg/L) and gibberellic acid GA (1.5 mg/L) were then used to produce a factorial experiment on B5 medium supplemented with auxin indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and cytokinin BA with five levels (0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mg/L) of...

Author(s): Gabriel Samake, Fousseni Folega, Hamidou Senou and Hua-Fang Wang

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