Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

JAHR Articles

Prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immune-deficiency virus (HIV) infections among intravenous drug users (IDUs) in the MAH-o-MEHR Harm Reduction Center of Tehran, Iran

June 2012

Intravenous drug users are considered to be at high risk of having the infections, hepatitis B virus (BBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immune-deficiency virus (HIV), because of their high risky behaviours especially of sharing of syringes. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of BBV, HCV and HIV in intravenous drug users in a harm reduction center. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample...

Author(s): Ali Majidpour M. D., Maryam Majidpour D. D. S. and Mozhgan Quassemi Motlag M. D.

HIV-Related knowledge, attitudes, and practice among educated young adults in Botswana

June 2012

Students at the University of Botswana, an at-risk group, have previously been shown to have high levels of risky sexual behavior despite widespread knowledge that these behaviors might lead to HIV-1 infection. As there have recently been considerable efforts focused on HIV-1 prevention in Botswana through nationwide media education campaigns and the opening of voluntary counselling and testing centers, re-evaluation of...

Author(s): Lindsey L. Stephens, Marcus A. Bachhuber, Esther Seloilwe, Nontombi Gungqisa, Mpho Mmelesi, Hermann Bussmann, Richard G. Marlink, and C. William Wester,

Development and validation of HIV prevention scale for Historically Black College students

June 2012

This paper reports the development and initial validation of scores obtained from the socio-cognitive determinants of HIV prevention measures. Series of scales developed to identify HIV prevention are knowledge, motivation and behavioral skills of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. The study was carried out among college students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU). In the...

Author(s): Maurice Y. Mongkuo, Rollinda Thomas, Nicole Lucas and Angela Taylor

Single HIV infected women’s experiences with HIV and coping strategies: The case of Chitungwiza and Epworth in Zimbabwe

June 2012

The existence of HIV among people in sexual relationships has become one of the major factors leading to dissolution of relationships thereby creating single-parents in large numbers. Despite the growing prevalence of HIV infected single women, relatively few psychosocial support systems are available for them. There is not much information addressing this subject specifically focusing on women single parents in the...

Author(s): Masuku Thenjiwe, Kurewa Edith Nyaradzai, Sisimayi Chenjerai Naboth, Chandiwana Precious and Babill-Stray Pederson

Prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infections among HIV infected people in Iran

June 2012

Infections of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are among the grave health concerns confronting global public health. These infections spread via similar routes (e.g. parenteral, sexual and vertical); leading to the anticipation of high prevalence rates of HBV and HCV co-infections among HIV infected patients. HBV and HCV co-infections in HIV-positive patients lead...

Author(s): SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Pegah Valiollahi, Koosha Paydary, Sahra Emamzadeh-Fard, and  Minoo Mohraz

Factors associated with consistent condom use among senior secondary school female learners in Mbonge subdivision of rural Cameroon

June 2012

The aim of this study was to examine the factors associated with consistent condom use among senior secondary school female students in Mbonge subdivision of Cameroon within the parameters set by the Health Belief Model (HBM). The objective of the study was to report on the components of the HBM with statistically significant explanatory associations with consistent condom use during sexual intercourse to prevent human...

Author(s): Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang

Disclosure of information by patients about HIV/AIDS infection in Northeastern Thailand

May 2012

Few studies have focused on the processes in which patients reveal their HIV infection toothers. This study sought to understand these processes. Thus, the research questions were: (a) What were their thoughts about the moment when patients learned that they were infected?(b) To whom and when did patients disclose that they were infected? (c) How did they disclose the information? (d) How much or...

Author(s): Jaruwan Kownaklai, Darunee Rujkorakarn, Weena Tanwattananon and Phoebe D. Williams

HIV/AIDS control programmes in developing countries: The role of human resource

May 2012

The health sector is one of the most challenged sectors in the developing countries given to the shortage of trained manpower particularly in Africa and Asia. Human resource is a very important aspect of any functioning health systems. However this aspect is often neglected in the long term plans and strategies development for the sector. We observe that often in the disease control programmes due importance is not...

Author(s): Farhad Ali, Belaynew Wassie and Alessandro Greblo

Desire to procreate among people living with HIV/AIDS: Determinants in Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study

May 2012

This study focused on the assessment of determinants of fertility desire among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Mekelle town, Tigray, in Northern Ethiopia. An institution based cross sectional study was conducted, by interviewing members of the PLWHA associations in Mekelle town. Three hundred and seven subjects participated with a response rate of 95%, the median age of the respondents was 32....

Author(s): B. Alemayehu and A. Aregay

The association between religious affiliation and frequency of attendance at religious services on HIV risky behaviors among people living with HIV/AIDS

May 2012

The purpose of this study was to examine if religious affiliation and frequency of attendance at religious services were associated with HIV risky behaviors among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The participants are HIV positive clients of a community based HIV/AIDS outreach facility (CBHAOF) located in Montgomery, Alabama, USA. The participants completed the questionnaire during their medical visits to the...

Author(s): Gemechu B. Gerbi, Tsegaye Habtemariam, Vinaida Robnett , David Nganwa and Berhanu Tameru

An exploration of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge gaps among male migrant workers in Singapore

May 2012

The general objective of this study is to provide a rapid assessment of HIV knowledge gaps among male migrant workers (MMWs) in Singapore. A cross-sectional pilot study was conducted in June 2011, in Singapore. A 14 multiple choice closed question self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on current HIV knowledge among MMWs. Sixty seven MMWs participated in the survey and a total of 58 valid...

Author(s): Hildegard Ramsden and Sandra Hopkins

Impact of pharmacist provided education on medication adherence behaviour in HIV/AIDS patients treated at a non-government secondary care hospital in India

April 2012

A single group pre-post test study evaluated the impact of a pharmacist provided education session on medication adherence behaviour in 104 HIV/AIDS patients receiving highly active Anti Retroviral Therapy. A brief medication questionnaire was administered to eligible patients at baseline and follow up to assess their reported medication adherence and barriers to adherence. The number of subjects reporting greater than...

Author(s): K. V. Mini, Adepu Ramesh, G. Parthasarathi, S. N. Mothi and V. T. Swamy

The challenge of ethnic diversity and HIV prevalence in Nigeria

April 2012

British colonial research put the number of ethnic groups in Nigeria at 200 in 1914-1934; Otite Onigu identified 374 ethnic groups in 1980s while M. Onwuejeogwu listed over 480 ethnic groups in 1990s. This makes Nigeria to be the most culturally diverse nation in the world. This diversity produces various shades of inter-ethnic conflicts and challenge of programmatic interventions to counter culturally specific...

Author(s): Oluwadare CT and Dada Ayoola

Perception about HIV testing among women attending antenatal clinics at Primary Health Centres in Osogbo, Southwest, Nigeria

April 2012

As PMTCT services are being decentralized to primary health centres, it becomes important to understand the disposition of clients at this level to HIV counselling and testing (HCT) in order to design targeted programs. This study aimed to examine the perception about HIV testing among ante-natal clinic clients at primary health centres (PHC) in Osogbo, Southwest, Nigeria. This is a cross-sectional descriptive...

Author(s): A. I. Olugbenga-Bello,  E. A. Oladele, A. A. Adeomi and A. Ajala

Presentation of a fast solution for solving HIV-infection dynamics and chemotherapy optimization based on fuzzy: AVK method

March 2012

The issue of including the most optimal amount of medicine consumption in the program of illness control program is important in the control of HIV because of its high cost and high risk of side effects (poisoning), so applying a mathematical model and modern technique are necessary in solving optimal control problem for prescribing optimal amount. In this paper two ordinary differential equations systems which models...

Author(s): H. Ghiasi Zadeh and H. Chahkandi Nejad

HIV fighting at an agricultural company and at a railway transport company in Mwenezi district, Masvingo province, Zimbabwe

March 2012

This case study involved sugar cane production workers and railway workers who lived 30 km apart, in a farming district with agro-industries. Major roads and railway lines pass through the district, bringing in inflows of human traffic, a potential conduit for HIV infection. The two companies had a combined workforce of more than 1260 who mix with people of different social behaviours and economic status, promoting...

Author(s): Takawira Kazembe and Jameson Machimbira

Hepatitis A vaccination among human immuno- deficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults: Current evidence and unanswered questions

March 2012

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is common, can cause significant morbidity and mortality, and the prevalence may be higher in populations infected or at risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Immunization with HAV vaccine is recommended for HIV-infected individuals, particularly men who have sex with men, injection drug users, hemophiliacs, those with chronic liver disease, and international travelers without...

Author(s): Heidi M. Crane, Shireesha Dhanireddy, H. Nina Kim, Christian Ramers, Timothy H. Dellit, Mari M. Kitahata and Robert D. Harrington

Inclusion of South African adolescents in HIV vaccine trials

February 2012

South Africa has more people living with HIV than any other nation. The HIV epidemic in South Africa is being driven by new infections among adolescents. Inclusion of adolescents in HIV vaccine trials is essential for successful vaccine development, however, recruitment and retention of at-risk South African adolescents into these trials poses a number of legal, ethical and operational challenges. This article discusses...

Author(s): David H. Adler

Rural perspectives on the HIV/AIDS dinosaur: A case of four communities in the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana

February 2012

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) constitute one of the most worrisome public health problems in the world today. The impact of HIV has been devastating in many developing countries, especially sub-Saharan Africa; the area hardest hit.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO), global estimates of HIV infections as of 2006 were 39.5 million, with 64% of those...

Author(s): Kwaku Amofah, Kofi Nyamaah-Koffuor, and Evelyn Ama Kumi-Richardson

Integrating a web-based, patient-administered assessment into primary care for HIV-infected adults

February 2012

Providers routinely under diagnose at risk behaviors and outcomes, including depression, suicidal ideation, substance abuse, and poor medication adherence. To address this, we developed a web-based, self-administered patient-reported assessment tool and integrated it into routine primary care for HIV-infected adults. Printed results were delivered to providers and social workers immediately prior to patient...

Author(s): R. Fredericksen, P. K. Crane, J. Tufano, J. Ralston, S. Schmidt, T. Brown, D. Layman, R. D. Harrington, S. Dhanireddy, T. Stone, W. Lober, M. M. Kitahata and H. M. Crane

Prevalence of dermatologic manifestations among people living with HIV/AIDS in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran

February 2012

Dermatological conditions are observed in an estimated 90% or more of all HIV infected people worldwide. Microbial infections, inflammatory conditions and neoplasms are the three main causes for the development of dermatological findings in HIV patients. A total of 276 HIV patients were examined by a dermatologist to identify skin, hair and nail pathologies. CD4 count was measured; Liver function test (LFT) and complete...

Author(s): Maryam Foroughi, Hamid Emadi Koochak, Neda Roosta, Koosha Paydary, Alireza Khatami, Sogol Shahriari, Fatemeh Payvarmehr and SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi

Sociosexuality, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) susceptibility, and sexual behavior among African American women

February 2012

Psychosocial correlation of risky sexual behavior is important for the design and implementation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related prevention and intervention studies. Sociosexuality (individual differences in endorsement of casual sexual behavior) and perceived susceptibility to HIV were examined for their relationship to each other, and in predicting risky sexual behavior among adult, heterosexual African...

Author(s): Naomi M. Hall

Does infant feeding modality have an impact on the health of mothers infected with human immunodeficiency virus in sub-Saharan Africa? A systematic literature review

January 2012

Concerns for perinatal HIV transmission and health of infants have led to calls for a religious adoption of WHO recommendations on HIV and infant feeding. That which is not established is how this impacts on the health of mothers. While the dilemma of breastfeeding and risk of transmitting the virus to the infant is fast becoming history, the impact infant feeding choices may have on the health of mothers is not well...

Author(s): Laar, M. E. and Laar, A. K.

Psychosocial factors as predictors of HIV/AIDS risky behaviors among people living with HIV/AIDS

January 2012

Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is still rising globally. In order to develop effective HIV/AIDS risky behavior reduction intervention strategies and to further decrease the spread of HIV/AIDS, it is important to assess the prevalence of psychosocial problems and HIV/AIDS risky behaviors in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The objective of...

Author(s): Gemechu B. Gerbi, Tsegaye Habtemariam, Vinaida Robnett , David Nganwa and Berhanu Tameru

Herpes simplex virus type 2 seroprevalence, HIV and Antiretroviral therapy knowledge and beliefs in the general population in Kisumu, Kenya

January 2012

With the increasing use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in developing countries, little is known on the potential impact of large-scale ART use on sexual behavior. We used Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection as a marker for sexual behavior to aid in assessing the association between ART related knowledge and beliefs and sexual behavior. This cross-sectional study analyzed secondary data collected in...

Author(s): Henry Njuguna, Marion Mutugi, Frankline Onchiri, Craig Cohen and Elizabeth Bukusi

Professional, social, and psychological correlates of HIV/AIDS care involvement among nurses in Botswana

January 2012

This analysis explores the correlates of HIV/AIDS care involvement among nurses in a healthcare system (Botswana) that is severely impacted by the AIDS epidemic. It identifies the antecedents and consequences of recent HIV/AIDS nursing care participation in Botswana and develops testable hypotheses for further study. In 2009 a self-administered questionnaire on nursing practice and related issues was completed by 201...

Author(s): James G. Linn, Thabo T. Fako, Debra Rose Wilson and Ntonghanwah Forcheh

Case of thrush and weakness after pregnancy

December 2011

AIDS continues to be one of the infectious pandemics of our time. Pneumocystis pneumonia or today known as Pneumocystis Jeroveci is considered a deleterious infection in AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) patients. Here we present a patient with oral candidiasis, respiratory distress suspicious of PCP (Pneumocystisis carinii pneumonia), without any known risk factors for acquiring HIV who responded to PCP...

Author(s): Cheraghvandi A., Tafti S. F., Talischi F. and Tabarsi P

Modelling of HIV/AIDS in Iran up to 2014

December 2011

Using estimation-projection package (EPP) and spectrum, the model was developed based on different data sources. Four scenarios were introduced, including minimum and maximum estimations, plus most realistic scenario. In the fourth scenario (R2), data of studies with adequate quality were applied. The objective of the study is to estimate and project HIV/AIDS in Iran up to 2014. Based on the main scenario R2, the...

Author(s): Haghdoost, Ali Akbar, Mostafavi, Ehsan, Mirzazadeh, Ali, Navadeh, Soodabeh, Feizzadeh, Ali, Fahimfar, Nooshin, Kamali, Kianoosh, Namdari, Hengameh, Sedaghat, Abbas, Gooya, Mohammad Mehdi, Sajadi, Leily, Farzaneh, zolala and Nasirian, Maryam

Evaluation of depression and anxiety on HIV/AIDS in-patient

December 2011

Since its discovery, the expansion of HIV/AIDS epidemic has been considered an issue of great concern. Even along the advances in treatment and the increase in life expectancy of patients, there are still several implications involved in the infection and its evolutionary process which need deeper studies. One of these implications is the combination between the impact of the disease and the mental disorders. The...

Author(s): Cláudio Garcia Capitão, Itor Finotelli Jr. and Cristiane Santos de Macena

Safe use of Sunitinib in metastatic non-clear cell renal cell cancer in the setting of human immunodeficiency virus

November 2011

The introduction of targeted therapies has offered the promise of better survival outcomes for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Sunitinib malate, an oral, multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is an important treatment option for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. This case study explores the controversial use of sunitinib in a patient with a non-clear cell variant of renal cell carcinoma,...

Author(s): Govender P. S. and Abdel Goad E. H.

Analysis of coital activity, number of sexual partners, and non-use of condoms among High School students in Namibia: Implications for the ABC approach

November 2011

Understanding sexual risk behaviours is important in monitoring the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS preventive interventions such as the ABC (abstinence, be faithful, and use a condom) approach. This study analysed the sexual activity, numbers of sexual partners, and non-use of condoms among Namibian High School students. A randomised cross-sectional survey was carried out in 18 High Schools located in six educational regions...

Author(s): Kazhila C. Chinsembu, Choshi D. Kasanda, Cornelia N. Shimwooshili-Shaimemanyaand Donovan Zealand

The relationship between subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV patients and cardiovascular risk factors

November 2011

HIV-infected patients are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) is regarded as non-invasive test for diagnosing subclinical atherosclerosis (SA). Until now, there have been very few studies which have analysed SA in HIV patients using PWV measurements. Our objectives were to analyse the prevalence of SA in a Spanish cohort of HIV patients using PWV and compare it with the data...

Author(s): Hidalgo-Tenorio Carmen, Jarilla Fernandez Francisco, Rivero Rodriguez Mar, García Vallecillos Coral, Pasquau Liaño Juan and López Ruz Miguel Angel

Single cohort study of the effect of low dose naltrexone on the evolution of immunological, virological and clinical state of HIV+ adults in Mali

October 2011

To implement an immuno-regulatory approach for reducing or preventing the onset of AIDS symptoms in HIV+ individuals a single prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the effect of low-dose naltrexone (LDN) on HIV infected, asymptomatic, otherwise untreated Mali adults with CD4 levels  between 350 and 600 cell/mm3. We measured changes in CD4 count, CD4%, BMI, hemoglobin, viral load, interferon alpha, and...

Author(s): Abdel K. TRAORE, Oumar THIERO, Sounkalo DAO, Fadia F. C. KOUNDE,  Ousmane FAYE, Mamadou CISSE, Jaquelyn B. McCANDLESS, Jack M. ZIMMERMAN, Karim COULIBALY, Ayouba DIARRA, Mamadou S. KEITA, Souleymane DIALLO, Ibrahima G. Traore and Ousmane KOITA,

Impact of low dose naltrexone (LDN) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) treated HIV+ adults in Mali: A single blind randomized clinical trial

October 2011

To implement an immuno-regulatory approach for reducing or preventing the onset of AIDS symptoms in HIV+ individuals we conducted a single blind nine-month randomized clinical trial to evaluate the impact of low-dose naltrexone (LDN) on asymptomatic HIV+ Mali adults undergoing antiretro virial (ART) treatment with CD4 counts below 350 cell/mm3. We measured differences between groups in CD4 count, CD4%, hemoglobin, viral...

Author(s): Abdel K. TRAORE, Oumar THIERO,  Sounkalo DAO, Fadia F. C. KOUNDE, Ousmane FAYE, Mamadou CISSE, Jaquelyn B. McCANDLESS, Jack M. ZIMMERMAN, Karim COULIBALY, Ayouba DIARRA, Mamadou S.  KEITA, Souleymane DIALLO, Ibrahima G. Traore and Ousmane KOITA,

Premarital sex and condom use among never-married men in Malawi

September 2011

Premarital sex and non-condom use are both associated with HIV infection. This study used data from the Malawi Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS) 2004 to estimate the prevalence of premarital sex-and examine the association between religion and pre-marital sex among never married Malawian men. The associations between the variables were assessed by logistic regression analysis. A total of 1039 never-married men, mean...

Author(s): Adamson S. Muula

HIV/AIDS information source use and sexual behaviour of adolescents in Ekwusigo Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria

August 2011

This paper established those information sources that mostly provided the information about HIV/AIDS to 540 adolescents in Ekwusigo Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria. The study showed further, how the adolescents' personal and parental characteristics explained the use of the sources as well as the relationship between source use and adolescents' sexual behaviour. The result showed that handbills,...

Author(s): Williams Nwagwu, Ifeanyi Okoye and Ifeoma Isiugo-Abanihe

Wende Luo’ (Luo Songs) as an intervention tool in the fight against HIV/AIDS among the Luo of Western Kenya

August 2011

HIV/AIDS prevention in Africa tend to value literacy or Eurocentric communication approaches such as brochures, posters, radio, newspapers and television more than indigenous modes of communication strategies such as narration (sigendni), singing (wende) and dancing (miende). Mounting evidence indicates that these Eurocentric modes of communication have the potential of alienating and disempowering the...

Author(s): Peres Wenje, Nyambedha Erick and Catherine Muhoma

Seroprevalence of HIV infection among tuberculosis patients in Kassala, eastern Sudan

August 2011

There is strong need to address the tuberculosis (TB) and human immune deficiency (HIV) virus infection convergence. Aiming to investigate the seroprevalence of HIV among TB patients all notified cases of TB that were reported in Kassala Teaching Hospital, eastern Sudan, during January 2008– through December 2010 were reviewed and analyzed. There were 858 TB patients enrolled in the study, of these 152 (17.7%)...

Author(s): Tajeldin Mohammedin Abdallah, Mohammed Farouk Siddig and AbdelAziem AbdAllah Ali

The joint effect of human capital and income inequalities on HIV/AIDS prevalence: An exploratory investigation

July 2011

This paper assessed the effect of human capital on the relationship between income inequality and HIV prevalence. We used 1999 dataset on human capital dispersion which was measured by years of schooling, quality of school system and rates of return for 99 countries. Using regression analysis, linear dependence effect of human capital and income inequality on HIV prevalence was estimated. The linear dependence yielded a...

Author(s): Isaac Dasmani and Samuel Annim

Factors influencing the choices of infant feeding of HIV-positive mothers in Southern Ghana: The role of counsellors, mothers, families and socio-economic status

July 2011

The study assessed the perspectives of HIV-positive mothers and family members (grand-mothers and fathers) of the infant feeding options recommended for HIV-infected mothers in Ghana. This entailed individual interviews with 40 HIV-positive mothers with infants aged 0 to 12 months and 6 focus group discussions with HIV-positive mothers, fathers and grandmothers of unknown status in two urban districts. All infants...

Author(s): Suuk Alexander Laar and Veloshnee Govender

Pathogenic fungal isolates in sputum of HIV positive patients

June 2011

Fungal pathogens were isolated and identified from sputa of 100 HIV positive patients admitted at ART centre, K.G.H, Visakhapatnam during the period of 2 months from June 2010 to July 2010. The sputum samples from HIV positive individuals were collected in a sterile container and processed by standard methods. Two consecutive samples at the interval of three days were collected. If two samples yielded the same growth,...

Author(s): M. Bharathi and A. Usha Rani

Antiretroviral drug resistance in HIV-1 infected patients receiving antiretroviral treatment in routine clinics in Cotonou, Benin

June 2011

A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2008 to examine virological outcome and emergence of drug resistance in HIV-infected patients treated according to the national guidelines in an AIDS clinic in Cotonou, Benin. Median time on (antiretroviral therapy) ART of the 122 enrolled patients was 35 months. Viral load above 1,000 copies/ml was observed in 33 patients (27%) and 22.1% (27/122) harbored resistant strains:...

Author(s): Marjorie Monleau, Frank Faihun, Dissou Affolabi, Aldric Afangnihoun, François Boillot, Séverin Anagonou, Martine Peeters and Eric Delaporte

HIV counseling and testing among men in the University of Ghana: Implications for gender-based HIV and AIDS prevention interventions

May 2011

HIV counseling and testing (CT) is one of the key strategies in the prevention and control of HIV and AIDS in Ghana. Although condoms remain a significant tool in the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, they are often not used consistently or correctly due to some patriarchal beliefs resulting from the typical male roles that call for men and boys to be tough, aggressive, sexually dominant, and risk taking. What...

Author(s): Daniel Yaw Fiaveh, Michael Perry Kweku Okyerefo and Clara Korkor Fayorsey

Loss of follow-up among HIV infected female sex workers receiving antiretrovirals in Dakar, Senegal

May 2011

A better understanding of the significance and determinants of loss of follow-up and key potential related outcome measures, such as death and missed study visit would assist program evaluation and provide basis for future interventions. Senegal has one of Africa’s lowest HIV/AIDS infection rate, less than 1%. But vulnerable groups such as sex workers have higher HIV prevalence. Currently, HIV infection among...

Author(s): P. G. Sow, I. Traoré, M. Sarr, B. P. Ndiaye, M. C. Dia, M. Cissé and S. Mboup

Polymorphism in the CC-chemokine receptor-5 (CCR5) gene and risk of AIDS among Kashmiri population

May 2011

Chemokine receptors and their ligands may confer resistance to HIV-1 infection and/or AIDS progression. Our aim was to study our population for the most frequently studied polymorphism CCR5-Δ32 for evaluating their contribution to a protective genetic background against HIV infection and progression. One hundred and fifty blood samples from normal controls were recruited at random among prospective normal blood...

Author(s): Syed Irtiza, Dil-Afroze, Niyaz A. Naykoo, Lateef Charoo, Iqbal Qasim, Inayat S. Fazili, Mir Aasif and Mushtaq A. Siddiqi

A better state of ART improving antiretroviral regimens to increase global access to HIV treatment

April 2011

With 5.2 million people already receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low and middle-income countries and 33.4 million people estimated to be living with HIV globally, there is an urgent need to develop better antiretroviral (ARV) regimens that are less costly and less complex to implement than the current standard of care. We think it is technically possible to develop such improved regimens soon, and discuss some...

Author(s): Matthew Barnhart and James Shelton

Attitude and perception of cardiothoracic surgeons in Nigeria and Ghana to patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection

April 2011

Cardiothoracic operations are associated with increased exposure and risk of blood and blood borne diseases. This is true in the West African Subregion where HIV/AIDS is endemic. We aimed to survey the attitude and perception of cardiothoracic surgeons in Nigeria and Ghana to patients with HIV/AIDS who presented with common cardiothoracic and vascular pathologies that would otherwise normally have low mortality...

Author(s): Kesieme E. B., Kesieme C. N., Ekpe E. E. and Delia I. Z.

Screening for the presence of Helicobacter pylori in stool of HIV- positive patients

April 2011

Helicobacter Pylori is a bacillus that naturally colonizes humans, living in gastric mucus. Association of H. pylori colonization of stomach with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric malignancies has been well documented. In this study, we aimed to find presence ofH. pylori in stool of HIV infected patients by PCR. 43 patients who had confirmed HIV-infection were subjected. Specific primers...

Author(s): Hossein Samadi Kafil, Fatemeh Farahi Jahromi, Bahareh Hajikhani, Shahin Najar Pirayeh and Mohammad Aghazadeh

Confronting HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh

April 2011

The world continues to fight HIV, as global leaders have pledged to work towards gaining universal access to HIV and AIDS treatment, prevention and care, thereby recognizing these as fundamental human rights. According to one source, millions of people are continually infected with HIV every year, while less than half of those in need of antiretroviral therapy are receiving it, and too many do not have access to...

Author(s): Shakeel Ahmed Ibne Mahmood

Contraceptive uptake, reproductive choices and sexual behavior of HIV positive compared to HIV negative women participating in the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV program in Zimbabwe

March 2011

Contraceptive uptake and pregnancy desires have not been adequately reported within prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) initiatives in developing countries. Women were enrolled from a PMTCT program at 36 gestational weeks. A questionnaire on contraception and conception desires was interview administered to the women between 3 and 24 months after birth. A total of 273 women responded to the questionnaire,...

Author(s): Kurewa N. E., Munjoma M. W., Hussain A., Chirenje Z. M., Sebit M. B. and Stray-Pedersen B.

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