Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

JAHR Articles

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and body mass index (BMI) relationship in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria and the neighbouring states

March 2011

This study was set to establish the relationship between highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and body mass index (BMI) in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) and the neighbouring states within Nigeria- a representative data for sub-Sahara Africa. The study made use of 3 groupings: 44 healthy individuals, 79 HAART-treated HIV (human immuno deficiency syndrome) infected...

Author(s): K. B. Mustapha, T. S. Ehianeta, R. A.  Kirim, F. T. Osungwu and D. K. Oladepo

Factors associated with utilization of HAART amongst hard-to-reach HIV-infected individuals in Atlanta, Georgia

March 2011

The study is aimed at identifying clinical, demographic and behavioral factors, including participation in HIV care, associated with the utilization of antiretroviral therapy (ART), among hard-to-reach HIV-positive individuals in Atlanta, GA. The study included 184 HIV-positive participants of the Infectious Disease Program (IDP) of the Grady Health System between February 1999 to March 2001. Individuals were...

Author(s): Paulina Rebolledo, Ekaterina Kourbatova, Richard Rothenberg and Carlos del Rio

A qualitative assessment of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge in inner-city minority students

March 2011

Educational programs and in-school discussion forums are essential components for addressing the ongoing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Sexually active adolescents can greatly benefit from a better understanding of the disease and how its spread can be prevented. Yet, how successful such initiatives are at actually reducing risky sexual behaviors, particularly within underserved, impoverished communities, remains an open question....

Author(s): Ganesh Thippeswamy and Ben Gorvine

The kidney function trends in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients at the Nylon District Hospital, Douala, Cameroon

February 2011

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related kidney disease is one of the leading causes of death and affects predominantly people of black descent. Data is unavailable on the presence of kidney disease amongst HIV positive patients in Cameroon and a high prevalence of the disease depicts a high incidence of HIV associated nephropathy. A cohort study was carried out from May to August 2010 at the Nylon District...

Author(s): H. L. F. Kamga, J. C. N. Assob, A. L. Njunda, P. Nde Fon, D. S. Nsagha, M. B.S. Atanga, P. Weledji,  D. P. Puinta and E. A. Achidi

Effect of combination therapy of haart and α-zam herbal preparation for HIV infection in rats

February 2011

It is not uncommon seeing patients taking orthodox and herbal remedies concurrently for the same disease. The concern of many health practitioners is the safety of such combination therapy especially when there is a possibility of adverse drug reaction as a result of drug-drug interaction. This study focussed on drug interactions of α-Zam (herbal antiretroviral drug) when combined with lamivudine, zidovudine and...

Author(s): Onifade A. A., Jewell A. P., Okesina A. B., Yong K., Ojezele M., Nwanze J. C., Saka G. O., Sule W. F., Aladekamika S. T. and Ajao A.

Addressing the special needs of orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs): A case study in Kien Svay district, Kandal province, Cambodia

February 2011

The impact mitigation for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) has continued to be prioritized as an immediate measure and action which is clearly stated in a newly-launched comprehensive National Strategic Plan III (2011 - 2015). With an effort of the national response, OVCs have gained wider access to health services but only very little access to social supports such as educational and economic development. In a...

Author(s): Sok Serey, Dy Many, Meas Sopheak, Thau Sokkalyan, Sam Ath Sela, Ly Chanravuth and Kheng Sophal

Are HIV positive women who have sex with women (WSW) an unrecognized and neglected HIV risk group in South Africa?

January 2011

South Africa is home to the largest population of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Of this population gender non-conforming women like women who have sex with women (WSW) remain undocumented. This study is an attempt to fill this information gap as it describes the demographic, health and sexual behaviours of 72 HIV positive WSW. The data indicate that WSW are not protected from HIV because of their same sex...

Author(s): Allanise Cloete, Nadia Sanger and Leickness C. Simbayi

Decrement table and the estimation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) mortality rate with an application to hemophilia-associated acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

January 2011

The human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS) epidemic represents the most serious public health problem in India. There is no denial of the enormity of the problem. The available surveillance data clearly indicates that HIV is prevalent in almost all parts of the country. Hence, knowledge of HIV incidence is important to formulate sensible strategies aimed at controlling the...

Author(s): Gurprit Grover and Dulumoni Das

Association of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) preventive information, motivation, self-efficacy and depression with sexual risk behaviors among male freelance laborers

January 2011

The waves of rural-urban migration are increasingly growing in many developing countries, including Vietnam. This migratory process, whether voluntary or not, may result in the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection to both those who migrate and those who receive migrants. Coupled with this process, is the experience of depression that may facilitate risk behaviors for HIV. However, there has...

Author(s): Nguyen Van Huy, Michael P. Dunne, Joseph Debattista, Nguyen Tran Hien,and Dao Thi Minh An

HIV and sexual risk behaviours amongst intravenous drug users at rehabilitation centre in rural China

October 2010

The study is aimed at investigating the sexual and HIV risk behaviours of intravenous drug users (IDUs) in rural Southwest China and the relationships between the demographics of the population, needle sharing and condom use. 993 IDUs at a drug rehabilitation centre in Dali, Yunnan Province completed an anonymous structured questionnaire between November and December 2006. IDUs were involved in multiple HIV risk...

Author(s): Danya Bakhbakhi, Jianbo Zhang and William CW Wong

Factors hindering acceptance of HIV/AIDS voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) among youths in Kwara State, Nigeria

October 2010

HIV/AIDS has become a source of concern all over the world. The concern cannot be isolated from the devastating effects of HIV/AIDS on economic, social, political and technological development of any nation with a high prevalence rate. Nigeria is one of the countries with HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of over 4%. Despite this challenge, the patronage of Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) is still very low. This study...

Author(s): L. A. Yahaya, A. A. G. Jimoh and O. R. Balogun

Markers of inflammation and endothelial activation in black South Africans with HIV and acute coronary syndromes

September 2010

HIV infection is associated with a pro-inflammatory and thrombophilic state but little is known about the link between inflammation and thrombosis in treatment-naïve patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Prospective single centre study was conducted in Soweto, South Africa, comparing markers of inflammation and endothelial cell activation in highly active anti-retroviral therapy-naïve HIV positive and...

Author(s): A. C. Becker, E. Libhaber, K. Sliwa, S. Stewart, and M. R. Essop

Profile of speech impairments in HIV- infected individuals: A preliminary study

September 2010

Infection due to Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can cause damage to both the central and peripheral nervous systems and result in disorders of communication. Progressive decline in speech behaviours in HIV infected individuals have been documented in Western literature (Flower and Sooy, 1987). This study aims to create a database of speech impairments seen in individuals with HIV infection to reflect the need for...

Author(s): Mili Mary Mathew and S. Jayashree Bhat

Predictors of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among young people: Lessons from Botswana

September 2010

This study sought to identify factors that can predict knowledge about HIV/AIDS among adolescents in Botswana. The data were collected through a self administered questionnaire from a sample of 1294 students from schools around the capital city of Botswana, Gaborone. The research instrument consisted of 76 items that solicited information on background characteristics of respondents, indicators of family cohesiveness...

Author(s): Thabo T. Fako, Lucy W. Kangara and Ntonghanwah Forcheh

Opinion of surgical eye patients on preoperative routine HIV screening in a resource-limited economy

August 2010

Despite inherent benefits, routine (HIV) test is still controversial. A cross-sectional survey of 198 preoperative eye patients was carried out at a Nigerian hospital to determine their opinion on preoperative routine HIV screening. Participants comprised 121 (61%) males and 77 (39%) females, mean age 56 years SD 17. Most (77%) had at least primary education. Awareness of HIV/AIDS was high (96%) and radio was the...

Author(s): Abdulkabir Ayansiji Ayanniyi, Rashidat Oluwafunke Ayanniyi, Sunday Adeyemi Adefisan, Mohammed Jimoh Saka and Mohammed Danfulani  

A randomized pilot study of triple Nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors therapy with tenofovir, zidovudine (AZT) plus emtricitabine in antiretroviral naive HIV-1 infected patients – The TEAZE study

August 2010

A randomized pilot-study to evaluate the virologic efficacy of Tenofovir-DF (TDF) 300 mg/Emtricitabine (FTC) 200 mg once daily plus Zidovudine (AZT) 250 mg twice daily (armA) or 300 mg BID (armB) in naïve HIV-1 infected patients. Twenty patients with a median CD4 cell count of 288 cells/µl (standard deviation (SD): ± 109) and a median viral load of 66.400 HIV RNA copies/ml (SD: ±...

Author(s): Markus Bickel, Christoph Stephan, Tessa Lennemann, Pavel Khaykin, Gabi Nisius, Hans Reinhard Brodt, Schlomo Staszewski and Annette Haberl

Does testing HIV negative encourage potentially dangerous beliefs? A study with young people in Botswana

May 2010

While it is assumed that HIV testing could contribute to the reduction of HIV infection rates, little if any research exists regarding whether HIV testing could inadvertently also contribute to the spread of HIV. The study explored whether the experience of testing HIV negative could result in people developing false beliefs about their capability of preventing HIV infection. The study investigated HIV testing and...

Author(s): Ilse E. Plattner

TB and HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh

May 2010

Tuberculosis (TB) is the major opportunistic infection of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in developing countries. The objective of this paper is to exemplify and review the findings associated with TB in patients with AIDS. 80 TB/AIDS-focused articles from latest internet and literature, including 3 leading Bangladesh daily newspapers between 1999-2009 were analyzed. According to the data provided by a...

Author(s): Shakeel Ahmed Ibne Mahmood

Tertiary institution learners HIV/AIDS sensitization tool(s) receptivity: Implications for sustainable democracy in Nigeria

May 2010

This is a multi-phased study that addresses the issue of tertiary institution based programme for awareness creation in order to integrate HIV/AIDS issues and concerns into social relationships. The purpose of the study was to develop simple communication tool combinations and ascertain through sensitization the potency of the tools to increase HIV/AIDS pandemic awareness among students in Nigerian tertiary institutions...

Author(s): Virgy Onyene, Ngozi Uzoka, Nonye Ikonta and T. V. Bakare

Evaluation of immunostimulatory effects of viracomb (Rx) in rabbits

May 2010

Viracomb is a herbal based preparation used in management of conditions associated with immuno-supression. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the immunostimulatory effect of Viracomb in rabbits. Acute toxicity study was carried out in rabbits using acute toxic class method. In the immunostimulatory study, healthy adult rabbits were randomized into five groups of five rabbits per group. Group I rabbits...

Author(s): A. Y. Tijani, O. E. Ojo, D. K. Oladepo, O. A. Salawu, S. B. Mohammed, A. U. Osunkwo, K. S. Izebe and Y. Yaaba

Perception of HIV/AIDS and socio-cognitive determinants of safe sex practices among college students attending a historically black college and university in the United States of America

March 2010

This study applies the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model to explore the perception of HIV/AIDS among students attending a hstorically black college and university (HBCU) and the socio-cognitive factors that influence safe sex practices among these students. A convenient sample of college students attending a HBCU in the South-eastern United States was surveyed. Exploratory factor analysis generated a...

Author(s): Maurice Y. Mongkuo, Richard J. Mushi and Rollinda Thomas

Evaluation of hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in HIV patients on highly active anti-retroviral therapy

March 2010

A pilot longitudinal study was conducted for 3 months on HIV positive and AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy, at a day care clinic at the Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon, between April and July 2008. A total of 223 HIV patients were recruited following initiation and each patient benefited from pretherapeutic tests. Social-demographic, clinical and biological data were recorded for each subject and...

Author(s): C. N. Fokunang, A. N. Banin, C. Kouanfack and J. Y. Ngogang

Sputum cellularity in pulmonary tuberculosis: A comparative study between HIV-positive and -negative individuals

February 2010

To compare sputum cellularity between HIV-positive and -negative individuals with pulmonary tuberculosis.  A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Sputum samples were collected and processed within two hours after collection. The absolute number of squamous cells of a total of 400 cells was counted, as well as the absolute number (× 106 cells/ml) and percentage...

Author(s): Rosemeri Maurici da Silva, Paula Stocco, Maria Luiza Bazzo and Mariana Chagas

Comparative tolerability and efficacy of stavudine 30 mg versus stavudine 40 mg in patients on combination antiretroviral therapy in Kenya

February 2010

Stavudine- containing regimens are currently the most widely used first-line anti-HIV treatment option in Kenya. This study compared the efficacy and tolerability of stavudine at two dose levels in patients attending a HIV Comprehensive Care Centre in Kenya. Data were collected retrospectively from the records of 810 adult patients. Fewer stavudine related adverse effects were seen in patients ≥ 60 kg treated with 30...

Author(s): Monicah Wanjiru Karara, Faith Apolot Okalebo, Margaret Ng’wono Oluka, James Ombega, Anastasia Nkatha Guantai and George Oyamo Osanjo

Knowledge and prevention of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh: Evidence from Bangladesh demographic and health survey, 2007

January 2010

There is no way to get rid of the unbearable sufferings from this killer disease, HIV/AIDS: prevention is the only solution to get rid of it. Increasing knowledge of respondents about the long term effects of this disease is the principal objectives of reproductive health programs recently being carried out in the world. This study gives an idea about this type of health problem. This study is mainly based on secondary...

Author(s): Prosannajid Sarkar

Mental health challenges of the lived experiences of adolescents orphaned by HIV and AIDS in South Africa

January 2010

Situational analysis approach was used to explore the mental health challenges of the lived experiences of adolescents aged 14 to 18 years living in South Africa who have lost their parents to HIV and AIDS. A qualitative phenomenological approach using reflective diaries was used to extract the lived experiences. Fifteen adolescents orphaned by HIV and AIDS aged between 14 to 18 years participated in the study. Eight...

Author(s): Gloria Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Susan, D. Wright and William A. Hoffmann

Upregulation of interleukin-27 expression is correlated with higher CD4+ T cell counts in treatment of naive human immunodeficiency virus-infected Chinese

January 2010

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a major global health problem and causes a huge number of deaths each year. Interleukin-27 (IL-27), which is composed of Epstein Barr virus-induced gene 3 (EBI3) protein and p28 protein, inhibits HIV replication in vitro. However, the status of IL27 and its relationship with CD4+ T cell counts in vivo in treatment-naïve HIV infected individuals has not...

Author(s): Lai He#, Jin Zhao,#, Yong-Xia Gan, Lin Chen and Ming-Liang He,

Infant feeding choices and experiences of HIV-positive mothers from two Ghanaian districts

November 2009

Documentation of the feeding choices and experiences of HIV-positive mothers is needed to improve infant feeding counselling. The feeding behaviour and experiences of mothers receiving infant feeding counselling at two Ghanaian districts were explored. A postpartum survey involving 128 HIV-positive mothers, and in-depth interviews involving a purposively selected sample of 10 HIV-positive mothers were conducted....

Author(s): A. K. Laar, W. Ampofo, J. M. Tuakli and I. A. Quakyi

Criteria used for selecting patients for antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: A qualitative study

November 2009

Limited resources in low income countries still prevent HIV patients from accessing treatment and necessitate the rationing of anti retroviral therapy. This paper aims to describe the criteria used in actual patient selection so as to develop evidence based recommendations for improving fairness in patient selection in Uganda and similar contexts. Qualitative interviews (n = 37) from six AIDS treatment units in Uganda;...

Author(s): Lydia Kapiriri, Neema Sofaer, Lynn M. Atuyambe, Erasmus Otolok-Tangaand Ole Frithjof Norheim

In-silico analysis of Mycobacterium leprae genome to find out potential drug targets

November 2009

Mycobacterium leprae is the causative agent of the disease, leprosy. In-silico analysis can be performed on M. leprae genome to find out the potential drug targets. This was done first by database search to find the recorded complete genes with complete sequences of M. leprae and then their comparative study with human by using homology searching using human BLAST. From a total of 1605 genes,...

Author(s): Asad Amir, Asif Siddiqui, Anjali Malik, Neeraj, Garima Dua, Garima Rastogi, Gayatri Sharma, Richa Goel and Singhal Gauvav

Causes and consequences of intimate partner rape and violence: Experiences of victims in Lagos, Nigeria

October 2009

Intimate Partner Rape (IPR) is a pervasive form of gender-based violence and a topical human rights issue. This study investigated the causes and consequences of Intimate Partner Rape and violence as reported by selected married women in Nigeria. This qualitative study explored the experiences of 22 purposively selected married women aged, 22 to 40 years from two Save Our Soul (SOS) Shelters for Abused Women who have...

Author(s): Mary O. Esere, Adeyemi I. Idowu, Irene A. Durosaro and Joshua A. Omotosho

Piloting second generation HIV surveillance in Berlin, Germany, 2005 - 2007: Risk profile of recently acquired HIV infections in MSM

October 2009

Men having sex with men (MSM) are by far the transmission-risk-category most affected by HIV in Berlin and were investigated in this pilot-study with the aim to identify detailed risk- and prevention-behaviours in recently infected persons. From November, 2005 - February, 2007, venous blood samples were taken from patients in Berlin aged ≥18 years within 3 months after diagnosis of HIV-infection and tested with...

Author(s): Jörg Bätzing-Feigenbaum, Stephan Loschen, Silvia Gohlke-Micknis, Ruth Zimmermann, Claudia Kücherer and Osamah Hamouda

AIDS and epilepsy

October 2009

The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of epilepsy among Sudanese AIDS patients and to study the underlying causes and types of epilepsy. About 700 AIDS patients where included in this cross sectional hospital based study. Almost 5.71% of the patients had epilepsy and 50% of them had generalized convulsion. Encephalitis was found to be the commonest cause of epilepsy followed by meningitis, brain abscess,...

Author(s): Abbashar Hussein, Amira Sidig and Mohmad Malk Aldar

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