Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3704

JMPR Articles

Identification of alkaloids of Indonesian Cacao beans (Theobroma cacao L.) and its effect on tooth enamel hardness

April 2016

Dental caries is still a major dental health problem in Indonesia, and preventive measures needs to be done to resolve it. Enamel is the outer layer of the tooth that is important to protect tooth against caries. Until now, fluoride is well known as one of the reinforcing materials which effectively prevent enamel from dental caries, but the side effects of fluorosis remain debatable because the dose that causes it can...

Author(s): Rina Permatasari, Dewi Fatma Suniarti, Ellyza Herda and Zainal Alim Mas’ud

Characterization of thirteen microsatellite loci from the Ghanian antimalarial plant Cryptolepis sanguinolenta

April 2016

Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlechter (Periplocaceae) is an herbaceous plant used in traditional medicine to treat malaria and populations of the species are diminishing due to overharvesting and lack of conservation. Codominant microsatellite markers that can be used to characterize genetic diversity and population structure are currently not available. Therefore, the study isolated 75 microsatellite loci from...

Author(s): Naalamle J. Amissah, Phillip A. Wadl, Denita Hadziabdic, Sarah L. Boggess and Robert N. Trigiano

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Cymbopogon schoenanthus (L.) spreng. essential oil, growing in Illizi - Algeria

April 2016

Hydrodistilled volatile oil obtained from the aerial parts of Cymbopogon schoenanthus cultivated near Illizi, Algeria, was analyzed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Gas Chromatography – Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID). More than twenty compounds were identified, representing 94.636% of the total oil. The major constituents of essential oil were piperitone (63.35%), β-eudesmol (9.305%)...

Author(s): Naima Hellali, Mahfoud Hadj Mahammed, Farah Ramdane and Alia Talli

Chemical composition and evaluation of possible alpha glucosidase inhibitory activity of eight Aloe species

April 2016

Many of the health benefits associated with Aloe species have been attributed to the polysaccharides contained in the gel of the leaves. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition as well as the biological evaluation of polysaccharides isolated from the leaves of eight different Aloe species, A. vera (A1), A. arborescens (A2), A. eru (A3), A. grandidentata (A4), A. perfoliata (A5), A. brevifolia...

Author(s): Abeer Mohamed El Sayed, Shahira Mohamed Ezzat, Mohammed Nabil Khalil and Seham Salah El-Hawary

In vitro anthelmintic activity of stem and root barks of Alstonia boonei De Wild

April 2016

Alstonia boonei De Wild ethanol extracts of the stem bark (ABSB) and root bark (ABRB) were evaluated for possible anthelmintic activity. Three different concentrations of each extract (50, 100 and 150 mg/ml) were evaluated for in vitro anthelmintic activity by determining the effects of the extracts on the paralysis and death times of Pheretima posthuma. Mebendazole (MBZ) 15 mg/mg was used as reference anthelmintic....

Author(s): Michael Worlako Klu, John Antwi Apenteng, David Ntinagyei Mintah, Bright Selorm Addy, Ivan Nyarko-Danquah and Samuel Boakye Afriyie

Potency of extracts of selected plant species from Mbeere, Embu County-Kenya against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

March 2016

Tuberculosis is a serious chronic infectious disease affecting large global population. While efforts to control tuberculosis have intensified, they are challenged by rapid drug resistance development. For this reason, prospecting for compounds with potential antituberculous activity have been stepped up. The current study was done in a participatory appraisal manner to identify ten plants commonly used for management...

Author(s): Sospeter Ngoci Njeru, and Meshack Amos Obonyo

Administration of the aqueous extract of the stem bark of Hancornia speciosa Gomes (Apocynaceae) does not alter obesity induced by high-fat diet in mice

March 2016

Ethnobotanical surveys have shown that the stem bark of Hancornia speciosa Gomes (Apocynaceae) is popularly used to treat obesity and diabetes. However, there is no experimental evidence that confirms such use. The present study investigated the effects of the aqueous extract of the stem bark of H. speciosa (AEHS) on the glycemic and adipogenic profiles of obese mice. Mice were divided into four groups that received...

Author(s): Luana, M. Cercato, Pollyanna, A. S. White⊃, Vanessa, S. Batista⊃, Luciana, C. Brito, Charles dos Santos Estevam⊃, Márcio R. V. dos Santos⊃ and Enilton A. Camargo

Antidiabetic property of some Nigerian medicinal plants

March 2016

The antidiabetic properties of extracts of three Nigerian medicinal plants - Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae, formerly Labiatae), Phyllanthus niruri L. (Euphorbiaceae) and Viscum album L. (Viscaceae or Loranthaceae) parasitic on Psidium guajava L. (Myrtaceae) on normoglycemic and alloxan-induced diabetic rats were studied. The extracts (258.3 g, 6.89% w/w of P. niruri, 189.17 g, 6.76% w/w of V. album and 131.50 g, 6.41%...

Author(s): Michel K. Tchimene, Charles O. Okoli and Maurice M. Iwu

Terpenoids from Phaulopsis imbricata (Acanthaceae)

March 2016

The whole plant of Phaulopsis imbricata (Forssk.) Sweet (Acanthaceae) was collected at Bansoa, Cameroon, shade dried and extracted by maceration in methanol. This study was carried out to isolate secondary metabolites from this plant species that has not been investigated so far. Two lupane-type triterpenoids, one β-type carotenoid, one eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoid, and one sterol glycoside were isolated from the...

Author(s): Archile Bernabe Ouambo Kengne, Mathieu Tene, Alembert Tiabou Tchinda, Pierre Tane and Michel Frédérich

Antimicrobial and phytotoxicity activities of aqueous crude extract from the Amazonian ethnomedicinal plant Bellucia grossularioides (L.) Triana

March 2016

The use of plants or their parts as alternative therapies for disease is very common in many countries worldwide. Secondary metabolites present in the extracts of certain plants can inhibit or halt the development of certain pathogen species. The present study assessed the possible antimicrobial activities of a popular crude aqueous extract. The aerial parts of the Amazon tree Bellucia grossularioides (L) Triana...

Author(s): Rafael Tagori De Melo Cutrim Martins, Ana Kleiber Pessoa Borges, Amaraína Maia Armiato and Raphael Sanzio Pimenta,

Anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic extract of the rind of Citrullus lanatus on albino Wistar rats

March 2016

The present study aims to investigate the anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic extract of the rind of Citrullus lanatus on male albino Wistar rats. Two set of rat groups designated groups 1 to 5 and A to E were used respectively for the anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory studies. For the antipyretic study, fever was induced by subcutaneous injection of 20 ml/kg of a 20% suspension of...

Author(s): Tolu Kolawole and Victor Dapper

Influence of age and staking on the growth and cryptolepine concentration in cultivated roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlt.

March 2016

Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlt. is a popular medicinal plant species in Ghana that is used in the treatment of malaria. Despite the heavy demand for this species, harvesting is done solely from the wild, resulting in declining populations. As part of the ongoing research to develop domestication protocols for its cultivation, a field study was conducted to develop a cropping cycle and determine the effect of...

Author(s): J. N. Amissah, D. Osei-Safo, C. M. Asare, B. Missah-Assihene, E. Y. Danquah and I. Addae-Mensah

Inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme by Rhazya stricta, Moringa peregrina and Achillea fragrantissima, used in traditional system of medicine in Arabian Peninsula: Implication in the management of hypertension

February 2016

In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the popularity of medicinal plants derived from the traditional sources of knowledge. This is in congruence to the associated benefits of ease of accessibility and low cost of disease management. Additionally, most of the potent drugs being used currently for chronic diseases are derivatives of natural products. In the current study, the potential of hydro-alcoholic...

Author(s): Mohammad Fahad Ullah and Faisel M. Abuduhier

Antiprotozoal activity and cytotoxicity of extracts from Solanum arboreum and S. ovalifolium (Solanaceae)

February 2016

Leishmaniasis, Chagas and Malaria are a major health problem in Latin America. Medicinal plants constitute viable alternatives to conventional medicine in many developing countries. Several Solanum species have shown antimicrobial activity, specifically, Solanum nudum has shown in vitro antimalarial activity. Based on the aforementioned, we determined the antiprotozoal activity and cytotoxicity of alcoholic and...

Author(s): Fernanda Londoño, Wilson Cardona, Fernando Alzate, Felipe Cardona, Ivan D. Vélez, Yulieth Upegui, Victoria Ospina, July Andrea Muñoz and Sara M. Robledo

Determination of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, as well as in vitro cytotoxic activities of extracts of Anastatica hierochuntica (Kaff Maryam) against HeLa cell lines

February 2016

Anastatica hierochuntica L. is distributed throughout the Arabian Peninsula, and North Africa. It is locally called "Kaff Maryam". All parts of the plant are used in folk medicine. This study aimed to investigate possible antioxidant activity of various extracts of Kaff Mariam, anti-inflammatory activities, as well as in vitro cytotoxic activities. Five extract types were used, namely, the whole ethanolic...

Author(s): Faten Abou-Elella, Eman A. Hanafy and Yahaya Gavamukulya

Effect of frost on yield and composition of Aloysia triphylla essential oil

February 2016

Aloysia triphylla, also known as lemon verbena is a medicinal plant with aromatic leaves which produce essential oil rich in citral and has great importance for pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of frost on the chemical composition and yield of A. triphylla essential oil. The experiment was conducted at the Campus of UFSM in Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do...

Author(s): Denise Schmidt, Braulio Otomar Caron, Daiane Prochnow, Carine Cocco, Elvis Felipe Elli, John Stolzle, Bruna Altissimo and Berta Maria Heinzmann

In vitro antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities and in vivo toxicological assessment (Zebrafish embryo model) of ethanolic extracts of Capsicum chinense Jacq.

February 2016

The ripe and dried fruits of organic pepper Capsicum chinense Jacq., obtained during planting, cultivation and harvesting, were subjected to solid-liquid extraction using a Soxhlet apparatus with hexane to remove non-polar compounds, and then with ethanol to remove the target compounds. The ethanolic extracts were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) determining the composition of capsaicin...

Author(s): Leonor Yamile Vargas-Méndez, Doris Natalia Rosado-Solano, Pedro Luis Sanabria-Flórez, Carlos Eduardo Puerto-Galvis and Vladimir Kouznetsov

Bioactive properties of some selected Libyan plants

February 2016

The present work evaluates the antioxidant and antibacterial activities of four Libyan plants (Arbutus pavarii, Pegnanum harmal, Pistachia atlantica, and Fagonia bruguieri) using various assays including reducing power, Phosphomolybdenum, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)  and nitric oxide free-radical scavenging activity. In vitro, the antibacterial activity of crude and flavonoids extracts were determined...

Author(s): Rabia Alghazeer, Taher Abourghiba, Ahmed Ibrahim and Esra Zreba

Schistosomicidal and molluscicidal activities of two Junipers species cultivated in Egypt and the chemical composition of their essential oils

February 2016

In the present study, in vitro bioassay screening of total methanolic extracts of two Juniperus species (Juniperus horizontalis Moench. and Juniperus communis L.) cultivated in Egypt for schistosomicidal and molluscicidal activities was carried out. Schistosoma mansoni Sambon worms and Biomphalaria alexandrina (Ehrenberg) snails were used. The screening results showed that both tested extracts had almost similar...

Author(s): Ghaly, N. S., Mina, S. A. and Younis, N.

Antioxidative and anti-hyperglycaemic effect of calotropis procera in alloxan induced diabetic rats

February 2016

This study investigated the anti-hyperglycaemic and antioxidative properties of Calotropis procera (Tumfafiya) leaf extract on an alloxan induced diabetic rats. The rats were fed on commercial diet and grouped into 4. Group1 as diabetic treated with leave extract (DTL), group 2 diabetic on normal diet (DNT), group 3 as non diabetic on normal diet (NDNT) and group 4 as diabetic treated with chlorpropamide (DCP). The...

Author(s): Ahmad, M. B., Gwarzo, M. Y. and Anwar, S.

Abnormality of spermatozoa in Wistar rats exposed to high doses of Valeriana officinalis L. aqueous suspension

January 2016

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis L.) is a natural anxiolytic widely used in traditional medicine. However reproductive toxic effects have been demonstrated in mice treated with this species. This study evaluated the effect of valerian aqueous suspension on the reproductive system of Wistar rats treated for 53 days. Four groups were studied (n=25): control (1 ml of distilled water) and treated (500, 1000 or 2000 mg/kg)...

Author(s): Renato Macedo Marques, Marcos Antônio Fernandes Brandão, Leonardo Toshio Oshio, Rita de Cássia da Silveira e Sá, Vera Maria Peters and Martha de Oliveira Guerra

Biological activity of extracts from Capparis decidua L. twigs

January 2016

Capparis decidua L. (family Capparaceae) is widely used in Sudan for curing variety of ailments. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial, antigiardial, antimalarial, antioxidant activities and cytotoxicity of plant extracts from the twigs of C. decidua. Extracts were evaluated for their effectiveness against four bacterial strains including both Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus...

Author(s): Ayat A. A. Abdalrahman, Sayadat El Tigani and Sakina Yagi

Immunomodulating properties of protein fractions isolated from Delphinium staphysagria seeds

January 2016

The aim of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory activities of protein fractions isolated from Delphinium staphysagria seeds used in Moroccan traditional medicine. D. staphysagria protein extract has been separated on sephadex column chromatography. The immunomodulatory activities were tested using primary culture of rabbit lymphocytes (splenocytes and thymocytes), by evaluation of macrophage phagocytosis...

Author(s): Amal Bousfiha, Najlae Mejrhit, Ouarda Azdad, Mohamed El Kabbaoui, Alae Chda, Abdelali Tazi, Rachid Bencheikh and Lotfi Aarab

Method for quality DNA isolation from different endangered Indian medicinal plants

January 2016

Isolation of better quality DNA from endangered Indian medicinal plants such as Rauvolfia serpentina (Sarpagandha), Rhaphidophora decursiva (Atukulatiga), Piper longum (Pippali, Pippallu), Entada pursaetha (Gilateega), and Zanthoxylum Rhesta (Rhesta manu) is very much needed to further genomic study, because these are having rich source of secondary metabolites like cellulose, polyphenolic compounds, tannins, and other...

Author(s): Ramesh Malothu, Naga Jogayya K, Kranti Kiran D and Pratyusha K

Antioxidants from three Swietenia Species (Meliaceae)

January 2016

The genus Swietenia (Meliaceae) has a wide variety of secondary metabolites with reported antioxidant activity, such as flavonoids and limonoids. In the present study, the antioxidant capacity, along with the phenol and flavonoid contents of the leaf extracts of three species of this genus: Swietenia mahagoni, Swietenia macrophylla, and Swietenia humilis were evaluated. The antioxidant activity was determined by the...

Author(s): Lina M. Preciado, Tatiana Lobo-Echeverri, Jaime A. Pereañez, Karol Zapata and Benjamín A. Rojano

Toxicogenetic profile of rats treated with aqueous extract from Morinda citrifolia fruits

January 2016

Morinda citrifolia ((Family: Rubiaceae)) is extensively used in traditional medicine due to its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antitumoral, and anti-hypertensive activities. However, there is no substantial data about hepatotoxic and toxicogenetic effects. This study evaluated biochemical changes and hepatotoxic, genotoxic, and mutagenic effects of aqueous extract of the fruit of M. citrifolia (AEMC) in liver, bone...

Author(s): Germano Pinho de Moraes, Marcus Vinícius Oliveira Barros de Alencar, Md. Torequl Islam, Lidiane da Silva Araújo, Débora Cássia Vieira Gomes, Rodrigo Mendes de Carvalho, Dione Corrêa, Márcia Fernanda Correia Jardim Paz, Paulo Michel Pinheiro Ferreira,, Ana Amélia de Carvalho Melo-Cavalcante,, Alexandre Ferraz, Ivana Grivicich and Jaqueline Nascimento Picada

Effect of extracts of traditional Chinese medicines on anti-tyrosinase and antioxidant activities

December 2015

Fifty important cosmetic skin-whiting traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) were investigated for their anti-tyrosinase and antioxidant (or DPPH-free-radical-scavenging) activities. The water and 70% ethanol extracts (WEs and 0.7EtEs, respectively) of TCMs were tested for tyrosinase inhibitory activities and DPPH-free-radical-scavenging activities. The 10 mg/ml WEs of 6 TCMs, Angelica dahurica, Anredera cordifilia Moq.,...

Author(s): Ting-Fang Hsieh, Yaw-Nan Chang and Bing-Lan Liu

Phytochemical and antimicrobial studies of Pachypodium lamerei

December 2015

Five compounds were reported for the first time in the tribe Malouetieae from the leaves and stems of Pachypodium lamerei viz., fatty acid methyl ester (stearic acid methyl ester 1), a mixture of two steroidal aglycones (β-sitosterol 2 and stigmasterol 3), a pentacyclic triterpene (ursolic acid 4) and a steroidal glucoside (β-sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside 5). The structure elucidation was based on...

Author(s): Dina Faek El-Kashef, Ashraf Nageeb El-Sayed Hamed, Hany Ezzat Khalil, Rehab Mahmoud Abd-Elbaky and Mohamed Salah Kamel

Natural insecticides and phytochemical analysis of gaggassa (Agarista salicifolia) plant leaves against brown banded cockroach

December 2015

A plant of genus gaggassa belongs to the family of Ericaceae, and has been widely employed by the traditional healers to treat cockroach pest. The objective of this study was to do preliminary phytochemical screening and insecticidal activity of extracted gaggassa (Agarista salicifolia) plant leaves against cockroach. About 10 g of air dried powdered material of leaves was extracted with 90% ethanol, acetone and water...

Author(s): Haile Hasana Logita

Essential oil composition and antioxidant activity of aerial parts of Asperula oppositifolia collected from Darkesh, Iran

December 2015

The chemical compositions of the essential oil of Asperula oppositifolia aerial parts were examined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS); forty-two compounds were identified. Analysis of this essential oil revealed the presence of 2-(6,6-Dimethyl bicyclo[3.1.1]hepta-2en-2-yl) ethanol (17.16%), Decane (8.47%) , Dibuthyl phthalate (5.59%) and 1-Bromo Naphthalene(4%). The antioxidant activity of aerial parts of...

Author(s): Majid Halimi and Malihe Nasrabadi

Effect of ethanol extract of plant mixture on hair regeneration in human dermal papilla cells and C57BL/6J mice

December 2015

This study determined the effect of 30% ethanol extract of plant mixture (EPM: Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Angelica gigas, Acorus calamus, Cnidium officinale, Panax ginseng, Camellia sinensis, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Zanthoxylum schinifolium, Carthamus tinctorius, Prunus persica and Scrophularia buergeriana) on promotion of hair growth in human hair dermal papilla cells and C57BL/6J mice. EPM significantly increased the...

Author(s): Bo Huang, Bueom-Goo Kang, Zhiqiang Wang, and Soon Sung Lim,

Effect of Ginkgo biloba extract on F1 generation of male Wistar rats during fetogenesis

November 2015

Incidence of endocrine disruptors on gonadal development is the cause of many anomalies in the male reproductive system (MRS). Ginkgo biloba is an endocrine disruptor with affinity for β estrogen receptors, which exert an important role in the development of MRS. This study evaluated the effects of G. biloba on the reproductive system of F1 males born to mothers exposed to G. biloba during fetogenesis. Pregnant...

Author(s): Jessica Corrêa Bezerra, Emília Raquel da Serva Rocha, José Reinaldo Paranaíba Vilela Alves Teixeira, Pedro Martins Bellei, Rita de Cássia da Silveira e Sá, João Evangelista Reis, Vera Maria Peters and Martha de Oliveira Guerra

Antioxidant activity, total flavonoids and volatile constituents of Magonia Pubescens A.St.-Hil

November 2015

Magonia pubescens A.St.-Hil (Sapindaceae) (‘tingui’) is a typical medicinal plant of the Cerrado biome. This plant is used as a larvicide and employed in poison fishing. However, little is known of its secondary metabolites. In this study, it is described for the first time as the volatile constituents of M. pubescens, collected via headspace. Qualitative phytochemical analyses were performed. In addition,...

Author(s): Marcela M. R. Aguiar, Kamylla T. Santos, Vanessa A. Royo, Francine S. A. da Fonseca, , Elytania V. Menezes, Maria O. Mercadante-Simões, Dario A. de Oliveira and Afrânio Farias de Melo Júnior

Phytochemical screening, antioxidant and anticholinesterase effects of Alangium salvifolium (L.F) Wang root extracts

November 2015

Alangium salvifolium wang is a medicinal plant of the Alanginaceae family which was used as a traditional medicine to cure or prevent a variety of ailments. The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the phytochemical profiles, antioxidant and anticholinesterase effects of ethanol (EASR), dichloromethane (DASR), chloroform (CASR) and aqueous (AASR) extracts of A. salvifolium root. Phytochemical screening was...

Author(s): Md. Nasrullah, Anamul Haque, Zerina Yasmin, Mohammad Ashraf Uddin, Kushal Biswas and Mohammed Saiful Islam

Antifungal activities of Camellia sinensis crude extract, mixture with milk, on selected pathogenic and mycotoxic fungi

November 2015

Camellia sinensis extracts have been documented to have antibacterial activity but little knowledge on their antifungal activity. The aqueous extracts of C. sinensis (tea) both green and black, mixed with milk in equal ratio parts, referred as mixture  were investigated for their antifungal activity and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against seven fungal species; Green and black tea crude extracts (100...

Author(s): Erolls Cheruiyot Sigei, Margaret Muturi and Christine Bii

Extraction of essential oil from inflorescences of Dysphania ambrosioides and its activity against Botrytis cinerea

November 2015

Essential oils are natural complex substances biosynthesized by plants, and many of them have antimicrobial properties. Dysphania ambrosioides is a medicinal plant traditionally used as an anthelmintic medicine. In this study, the antifungal activity of D. ambrosioides essential oil was tested against Botrytis cinerea, which is responsible for large economic losses in the post-harvest of roses. Inflorescences of D....

Author(s): Juliana Pace Salimena, Fernando Pereira Monteiro, Paulo Estevão de Souza, and Jorge Teodoro de Souza

Composition of volatile oils from leaf, stem, root, fruit, and flower of Ruellia tuberosa L. (Acanthaceae) from Nigeria

November 2015

We report composition of Ruellia tuberosa L. (Acanthaceae) leaf, stem, root, fruit, and flower volatile oils from Nigeria. The five volatile oils were obtained by hydro-distillation using all-glass Clevenger apparatus designed to British Pharmacoepia specifications and were procured in 0.09 to 0.36% yields. Each was separately examined using gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...

Author(s): Dorcas Olufunke MORONKOLA, Sherifat Adeyinka ABOABA and Iqbal Mohammed CHOUDHARY

Towards elucidating Eremurus root remedy: Chemical profiling and preliminary biological investigations of Eremurus persicus and Eremurus spectabilis root ethanolic extracts

November 2015

Plants of the genus Eremurus have been used in Kurdish medicine since ancient times. Particularly, the “Eremurus roots” sold at the local market (presently known as Eremurus spp.) are used as both topical and oral remedies for treating inflammatory disorders. In the present paper, the root ethanolic extracts (EE) of Eremurus persicus and Eremurus spectabilis, the most common Eremurus species in the region,...

Author(s): Raffaella Gaggeri, Daniela Rossi, Karzan Mahmood, Davide Gozzini, Barbara Mannucci, Federica Corana, Maria Daglia, Antonia Avanzini, Melissa Mantelli, Emanuela Martino and Simona Collina,

Ethnobotanical study and phytochemical screening of six medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in the Northeastern Sahara of Algeria (area of Ouargla)

November 2015

An ethnobotanical survey was undertaken to collect information from traditional healers on the use of plants (Atriplex halimus L., Searsia tripartita (Ucria) Moffett, Limoniastrum guyonianum Durieu ex Boiss., Haplophyllum tuberculatum Juss., Tamarix gallica L. and Nitraria retusa (Forssk.) Asch.) in folkloric medicine of Ouargla (Algeria), using a predesigned questionnaire. The studied plants were screened for the...

Author(s): Soumia Hadjadj, Zahia Bayoussef, Aminata Ould El Hadj-Khelil, Hanane Beggat, Zohra Bouhafs, Yasmina Boukaka, Insaf Amina Khaldi, Sara Mimouni, Fatma Sayah and Meriem Tey

Determination of antioxidant, radical scavenging activity and total phenolic compounds of Artocarpus heterophyllus (Jackfuit) seeds extracts

October 2015

Plants and their parts are a part of life in many brazilian communities, as observed in the jackfruit. The jackfruit seeds are consumed usually as roasted, boiled, steamed, and are eaten as a snack. The present study was carried out to identify the antioxidant, radical scavenging activity and total phenolic compounds of Artocarpus heterophyllus seeds using different screening tests. Total antioxidant activity was...

Author(s): Lígia Moura Burci, Cristiane Bezerra da Silva, Maislian de Oliveira, Luciane Dalarmi, Sandra Maria Warumby Zanin, Obdúlio Gomes Miguel, Josiane de Fátima Gaspari Dias and Marilis Dallarmi Miguel

Essential oil of parsley and fractions to in vitro control of cattle ticks and dengue mosquitoes

October 2015

The essential oil of Petroselinum crispum was extracted by hydrodistillation and its chemical composition was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The GC/MS method detected 31 constituents of the essential oil extracted from P. crispum, from which 26 were identified by the analysis. Phenylpropanoids were the major compounds, comprising 52.07% of the oil and consisting mainly of apiole (41.05%)....

Author(s): Janaina Camilotti, Leticia Ferarrese, Wanessa de Campos Bortolucci, José Eduardo Gonçalves, Orlando Seiko Takemura, Ranulfo Piau Junior, Odair Alberton, Giani Andrea Linde and Zilda Cristiani Gazim

Two new terpenoids from Artemisia sacrorum Ledeb

October 2015

Two new terpenoids have been isolated from the aerial parts of Artemisia sacrorum Ledeb. The structure elucidation of two new compounds was carried out by 1D (1H nuclear magnetic resonance [NMR] and 13C NMR) and 2D-NMR (correlation spectroscopy [COSY], heteronuclear single-quantum correlation [HSQC], heteronuclear multiple-bond correlation [HMBC] and nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy [NOESY]) spectral...

Author(s): Hu Yu-rong, Wang Qing-Hu, Han Jing-jing and Bao Baiyinmuqier

Antiurolithic and antihypertensive activities of Origanum vulgaris on urolithic rats

October 2015

Origanum vulgaris (Oregano) has been used in the fluky medicinal for treating various diseases including urolithiasis and hypertension. This study was designed to investigate the possible antioxidant and antiurolithic activities of different standardized extracts of Oregano ethanol extract n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and aqueous fraction on rats. The dried hydroalcoholic extract of 70% ethyl alcohol Oregano was suspended...

Author(s): Naser A. ElSawy, Usama Y. Shaheen, Waheed A. Filimban, Waleed H. El Malki, Eslam A. Header and Mohamed E. El-Boshy

Cinnamon bark water-infusion as an in-vitro inhibitor of β-hematin formation

October 2015

Malaria remains one of the prominent public health problems that lead to severe morbidity and mortality in many developing countries around the globe. New antimalarial drugs are urgently needed due to the emergence of antimalarial-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum. In previous studies, we tested several plants extracts that are capable of inhibiting β-hematin formation, with efficiency similar to...

Author(s): Hanadi A. Attieh, Saleh Abu Lafi, Suhair Jaber, Qassem Abu-Remeleh, Pierre Lutgen and Mutaz Akkawi

Stress conditions during plant growth increase the anti-herpetic properties of Lilium candidum leaf extracts and fractions

October 2015

When submitted to stress conditions during growth, plants modify their secondary metabolites production, which could increase therapeutic properties. Lilium candidum is a beautiful plant with potent antiviral activity, growing wild in the Middle East. We investigated the effect of biotic and abiotic stress applied on L. candidum plants during their growth, on the anti-herpetic efficiency of leaf ethanolic extracts and...

Author(s): Noam Rubin, Mahmoud Huleihel and Michele Zaccai

In vitro micropropagation of Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq.

October 2015

The present study deals with the mass propagation of Orthosiphon aristatus - a multipurpose highly valuable ethnomedicinal shrub. Stem and inflorescence explants were inoculated into the Murashige and Skoog medium (MS medium) fortified with different concentrations and combinations of auxins and cytokinins. The maximum number of shoots achieved was 25 ± 0.78 and 17 ± 0.67 at 5 mg/l benzylaminopurine...

Author(s): Nissar Ahmad Reshi and Sudarshana M S

Antimicrobial activity and medicinal biomass of Siparuna guianensis in Brazilian Cerrado forest, a global hotspot

October 2015

Siparuna guianensis Aubl. (Siparunaceae) is an aromatic medicinal plant native to South America. This study aimed to investigate the biomass and bioactivity of leaf extracts and essential oil of S. guianensis from savanna forests in Central Brazil, Tocantins State. Crude leaf extract and leaf essential oil were tested in different concentrations against bacteria and fungi. At concentrations equivalent to crude oil (380...

Author(s): Nelita Gonçalves Faria de Bessa, Miréia Aparecida Bezerra Pereira, Vany Ferraz, Karine Queiroz Poletto, Aloísio Freitas Chagas Júnior and Artur Alves

In vitro antibacterial activities of pomegranate extract against standard microorganisms of bovine mastitis

September 2015

Bovine mastitis is characterized by inflammation of the mammary gland, usually due to bacterial infection, compromising quantity and quality of milk production. This study aimed to determine the antibacterial activity, in vitro, of the hydroalcoholic extract of the pomegranate peel at 10% against standard strains of bovine mastitis. The colonies were adjusted to the concentration of 107 ml-1 using UV-visible...

Author(s): Giovanna Melatti Bermal Moreira, Leopoldo Sussumu Matsumoto, Marcelo Alves da Silva, Luciana Pereira Silva, Regildo Márcio deGonçalvez Silva and Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello Peixoto

Phytoconstituents, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of the leaves of Persea americana Mill cultivated in Ghana

September 2015

The leaves of Persea americana are widely used for ethno-medicinal purposes worldwide. This study assessed the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the methanol, ethyl acetate, chloroform and petroleum ether leaves extracts of P. americana. Extracts displayed variable antimicrobial activities that were microorganism-specific. The methanolic extract displayed the most potent antimicrobial activities with the...

Author(s): Nathaniel Owusu Boadi, Selina Ama Saah, John Kenneth Mensah, Mercy Badu, Sylvester Addai-Arhinand and Michael Baah Mensah

Antioxidant and toxicological studies of ethanolic root extract of Byrsocarpus coccineus

September 2015

Byrsocarpus coccineus (syn. Rourea coccinea) Schum. and Thonn. (Connaraceae) is used in traditional medicine to treat several ailments in which reactive oxygen species are involved. This study aims to investigate the in vivo antioxidative properties and moreover the toxicological potential of ethanolic root extract of B. coccineus (EEBc). Antioxidant activity was measured using ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP)...

Author(s): Kossivi Dosseh, Amegnona Agbonon and Messanvi Gbeassor

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