Journal of
Stored Products and Postharvest Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Stored Prod. Postharvest Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6567
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSPPR
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 155

JSPPR Articles

Effects of different treatments for the control of Callosobruchus chinensis L. on proximate composition of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), in Meskan district, Ethiopia

December 2015

Chickpea, Cicer arietinum L. is one of the major pulses grown in Ethiopia and provides an important source of food and nutritional security for the rural poor. However; chickpea seeds are heavily damage by bruchids and suffer heavy loss in quantity and quality. This study was conducted to determine the effects of different storage treatments on proximate properties of stored improved and local chickpea varieties over...

Author(s): Kebebush Tessema, Fikre Teferra Tadesse and Henok Kurabachew

Preservation of mature green tomatoes using controlled atmosphere storage under tropical conditions

September 2015

Preservation of mature green tomatoes in a controlled atmosphere (CA) was studied under semi-arid condition in Nigeria. Mature-green tomatoes were held in 5-litre glass jars filled with 4% oxygen and 96% nitrogen at ambient temperature of 24 to 29°C for 5 days or 10 days. The fruits were thereafter exposed to normal atmosphere and compared with fruits that were stored in normal air (control).. Fruits held in CA for...

Author(s): Babarinsa F. A., Omodara M. A. and Okanlawon S. O.

Use of modified atmosphere on packaging cut flower gladiolus Gladiolus grandiflorus Hort

September 2015

The effect of use of modified atmosphere packaging technology (MAP) for increased shelf life of the Cut spikes of gladiolus grandiflorus Hort were studied. Three mixtures gas were evaluated, in two temperature conditions. The best condition was in the mixture with 70% N2, 15% CO2, 15% O2. Modified atmosphere packaging allowed conservation of cut spikes gladiolus by six days in polyethylene bag median barrier a 5°C....

Author(s): Lopez-Puc Guadalupe and Rodriguez-Buenfil Ingrid Mayanin

Eco-friendly management of chickpea storage pest, Callosobruchus chinensis L. (Coleoptera; Bruchidae) under laboratory conditions in Eritrea

August 2015

Bruchid (Callosobruchus chinensis L) is the most important insect pest of pulses in store. Loss assessment study due to Bruchids in store on chickpea was conducted from October 2004 to March 2005 under laboratory conditions (25-27°C and 61% RH) in the College of Agriculture Asmara University. The treatments used were: Control, (with no treatment), mixture of sand, taff, ash, Malathox 1% and sesame oil. Monthly data...

Author(s): Adugna Haile

Performance evaluation of termite-mound clay, concrete and steel silos for the storage of maize grains in the humid tropics

July 2015

Inadequate storage facilities have contributed to severe postharvest losses in maize in many developing countries. This study determined the potential of termite mound clay (TMC), a readily-available material in Nigeria for constructing on-farm storage silos. 3 tonnes of maize at 11.2% moisture content (MC) was loaded into each silo for an 8-month storage period. Performance evaluation was done in comparison to...

Author(s): Mobolaji Omobowale, Yahaya Mijinyawa, Paul Armstrong, Joseph Igbeka and Elizabeth Maghirang

Aflatoxin management in Northern Ghana: Current prevalence and priority strategies in maize (Zea mays L)

June 2015

The production and utilization of maize have increased tremendously across all regions of Ghana in recent times. However, aflatoxin (AF) contamination in grain maize has remained a critical food safety concern. The study was conducted in 6 districts in the Upper East and Upper West regions of Ghana to assess farmers’ knowledge on AF, and determine AF levels under farmer storage conditions. A total of 240...

Author(s): Issah Sugri, Moses Osiru, Asamoah Larbi, Samuel S. J. Buah, Stephen K. Nutsugah, Yahaya Asieku and Salim Lamini

Safe storage guidelines for black gram under different storage conditions

May 2015

India is the leading producer and importer of pulse in the world. Post-harvest loss is very high in India with losses during storage around 5 to 10%. This situation demands the development of storage guidelines for pulses to provide information to farmers on how long storage is possible without deterioration. Black gram is selected for this study as it is an important pulse used in many traditional specialty products in...

Author(s): M. Esther Magdalene Sharon, C. V. Kavitha Abirami, K. Alagusundaram and J. Alice Sujeetha

Biological control of the larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) in stored maize using the fungal pathogen, Beauveria bassiana and the predator Teretrius nigrescens Lewis

April 2015

The larger grain borer (LGB), Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) is a cosmopolitan and major storage pest of maize causing up to 48% dry weight loss. Chemical pesticides are available for the management of this pest but these have potential negative effects on the consumer and the environment if misused. Thus, the present study aimed at assessing the compatibility of two bio-control agents (Teretrius nigrescens and Beauveria...

Author(s): Jerry A. Nboyine, Stephen K. Asante, Stephen K. Nutsugah, Mumuni Abudulai, Freda Ansaah-Agyapong, Belinda Luke and Victor Clottey

Storability of soybean flour and its hazard analysis in Nigeria

March 2015

Soybean was procured from a local market in Ilorin, washed, dried, milled, packaged and stored under hermetic conditions using transparent plastic container. Proximate composition was carried out on the samples 4-monthly (once-in -4 months) for a period of one year. Moisture content was determined by air-oven method while proximate composition was carried out by Standard Methods of Association of Official Analytical...

Author(s): Ogundele B. A., Arowora K. A., Abiodun A. A., Afolayan S. S., Ajani A. O. and Adetunji C. O.

Eco-friendly approaches for management of bruchid beetle Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) infesting faba bean and cowpea under laboratory conditions

March 2015

Eco-friendly management of bruchid beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis infesting faba bean (Vicia faba) and cowpea (Vigna angulculata) under laboratory conditions were conducted at Department of Plant Protection, Hamelmalo Agricultural College, Keren, Eritrea, to evaluate the effectiveness of four environment friendly treatments, that is, sesame oil, neem seed powder, hot water salt solution and cold water salt solution...

Author(s): Tufail Ahmad, Adugna Haile, Ande Ermias, Robel Etbarek, Selam Habteab and Selam Teklai

Influence of different concentrations of CO2 in the postharvest conservation of peaches 'Aurora-1'

February 2015

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different concentrations of carbon dioxide associated with a fixed concentration of oxygen in the postharvest conservation of peaches 'Aurora-1'. Experiment was based on a complete random split plot design, five atmosphere conditions, five analysis dates with three replications, each consisting of five fruits. The treatments were based on five...

Author(s): Joana Diniz Rosa Fernandes, João Emmanuel Ribeiro Guimarães, Josiane Pereira da Silva, Kelly Magalhães Marques and Ben-Hur Mattiuz

Biochemical basis of resistance in different varieties of maize for their relative susceptibility to Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

January 2015

Study on the susceptibility of 20 maize varieties against Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) was carried out under No-choice test method. The susceptibility was assessed on the basis of moth emergence, developmental period, insect weight, weight of flour, grain weight loss, grain damage and nutritional indices. Besides, biochemical characters of the grains were analyzed. Results showed that Pratap...

Author(s): G. Demissie, R. Swaminathan, O. P. Ameta, H. K. Jain and V. Saharan

Mycoflora associated with Masakwa sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L) moench) in the North Eastern part of Nigeria

December 2014

A laboratory study was conducted at the Department of Crop Protection, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria to assess the incidence of seed-borne fungi and their effects on seed germination of Masakwa sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Three varieties (Bulwana, Adjaama and Buruu) used were collected from different locations namely Bama, Dikwa and Konduga of Borno State, Nigeria. About 34.9% of the seeds were infected by different...

Author(s): M. B. Jidda and A. B. Anaso

Identification of post-harvest rotting microorganisms from tomato fruits (Solanum esculentum Mill.) in Toke Kutaye District of West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia

November 2014

Tomato (Solanum esculentum Mill.) fruits were collected  from farmers and retailers in Toke Kutaye District, Ethiopia during main-season (October to December, 2012) and off-season (December, 2012 to March, 2013) with an objective to identify microbial organisms that cause post-harvest rot of tomato. Diseased tissues were cultured in Potato Dextros Agar media for fungal and in Nutrient media  for bacterial...

Author(s): Zebene Lemma, Woubit Dawit, Mulugeta Negari, Ashenafi Chaka, Thangavel Selvaraj and Girma Gebresenbet

Post-harvest losses and welfare of tomato farmers in Ogbomosho, Osun state, Nigeria

June 2014

Crop losses, especially along the post-harvest food supply chain, have been identified as one of the major causes of food shortage problems in most developing countries and in Nigeria in particular. Vegetable farmers such as those that grow tomatoes often record great amount of produce loss which translates to a waste of resources, a reduction in their income and ultimately their welfare.  This study examined the...

Author(s): Abimbola O. Adepoju

Micro level investigation of marketing and post harvest losses of tomato in Coimbatore district of Tamilnadu

May 2014

Most vegetables are perishable in nature, and in that post harvest losses and distribution channel plays a vital role in price fixation of vegetables, especially in tomato which is sensitive to much environment-genetic interaction disorders which may be manifested during post harvest ripening or post harvest inspection. A substantial quantity of production is subjected to post-harvest losses at various stages of its...

Author(s): K. Kalidas and K. Akila

Effect of low temperature storage on conservation varieties of Chrysanthemum cutting

December 2013

The objective of this research was to evaluate postharvest quality of ‘Lona’ and ‘Garfield’ varieties chrysanthemums, stored at different temperatures. The experiment was carried out in a plastic greenhouse at Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais State, Brazil (22° 13'48" S, 45° 56'11" W and 832 m in height). The inflorescences were kept at 1.5, 2.5 and 5.0°C. The evaluated...

Author(s): Marcos Ribeiro da Silva Vieira Adriano do Nascimento Simões, Glauber Henrique Sousa Nunes and Pahlevi Augusto de Souza

Role of storage facilities for insect pest control strategies in Punjab, Pakistan

December 2013

This research has a mint of importance in Pakistan where a major part of the economy is based on agricultural products. A survey was conducted in the Punjab province to evaluate the types and methods of storage and the pest attack on their storage and their control strategies as well. Questionnaire was designed to collect the information from the local people, gender, including students, landlords, house...

Author(s): Marryam Bakhtawar, Qamar Saeed, Syed Muhammad Zaka, Shafqat Saeed, Tariq Ansari, Nida Idrees, Waqar Jaleel, Muhammad Nadir Naqqash and Muhammad Rashid Akram

Effect of low temperature storage on fruit physiology and carbohydrate accumulation in tomato ripening-inhibited mutants

October 2013

Chilling-sensitive fruits often produce a burst of ethylene when reconditioned at ambient temperature after cold storage. This has led some researchers to propose that chilling injury (CI) may be induced by post-chilling ethylene production. To test this hypothesis, we examined two tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) mutants, non-ripening (nor) and ripening-inhibitor (rin), that do not produce climacteric ethylene, after...

Author(s): Kietsuda Luengwilai and Diane M. Beckles

Extracts of Jatropha curcas L. exhibit significant insecticidal and grain protectant effects against maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

October 2013

Phytochemical composition of leaf extracts as well as biological effects of juice, leaf extracts and seed oil of Jatropha curcas against Sitophilus zeamis were examined. The study also investigated the inhibition of oviposition, progeny production and grain damage, insecticidal effects and mammalian toxicity of the extracts. Compared to other phytochemicals, the concentration of saponin and cardiac glycoside were higher...

Author(s): Constance C. Jide-Ojo, Daniel T. Gungula and Opeolu O. Ojo,

The influence of grain moisture content on the efficacy of silica dust on Prostephnus truncatus (horn) (Coleoptera: bostrichidae) and Sitophilus zeamais (motsch) (Coleoptera: curculionidae)

March 2013

The effect of grain moisture content on toxicity of silica dust against adult populations ofProstephanus truncatus and Sitophilus zeamais was investigated at 8.6, 13.7, 14.1, 15.4 and 17% moisture content levels of maize grains. Concentration levels of 0.25 to 50 mg/50 g maize grains were tested against P. truncatus and 0.25 to 7 mg/50 g maize grains for S. zeamais. The LC50 of the...

Author(s): Kimondo Mutambuki

Non destructive method to manage the most dreaded pest Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) in Black gram Vigna mungo L.

March 2013

Under storage conditions, pulses suffer maximum grain loss due to the dreaded stored grain bruchid pests. Effect of different grain protectants on oviposition of pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus showed that untreated check (13.31) registered the maximum number of eggs followed by seed treated with coarse river sand (11.62). Minimum number of eggs was recordedin activated clay...

Author(s): Alice J. and Srikanth N.

Plant secondary metabolites as source of postharvest disease management: An overview

January 2013

Postharvest losses of stored products are enormous due to fungal deteriorations. Although, there are a number of synthetic fungicides available in the market for checking these deteriorations, they have several side effects such as high toxicity, long degradation periods, their residues in food chain, chronic poisoning through the continuous intake of small quantities, development of new races of pathogens,...

Author(s): Amritesh C. Shukla

Microwave-vacuum drying effect on drying kinetics, lycopene and ascorbic acid content of tomato slices

January 2013

This study investigated the microwave-vacuum drying on the drying kinetics and quality attributes of dried tomatoes such as lycopene and ascorbic acid contents. Among the thirteen thin layer drying models that were used to fit the experimental data, the Midilli et al gave the highest correlation coefficient, lowest residual sum of squares, root mean square error, and reduced chi-square, thus indicating that the model of...

Author(s): ABANO Ernest Ekow, M. A. Haile, OWUSU John, and ENGMANN Felix Narku,

The impact of cooking on the proximate composition and anti-nutritional factors of water yam (Dioscorea alata)

December 2012

Raw and boiled water yam tubers (Dioscorea alata) were analyzed for proximate contents such as ash, crude protein, carbohydrate, crude fibre, crude lipid, energy and anti-nutrients using standard procedures and methods. The crude protein contents (10.27%), ash (2.93%) and lipid (0.15%) were significantly (p<0.05) lowered in the boiled tubers...

Author(s): Ezeocha V. C. and Ojimelukwe P. C.

Storability and quality indices of palm oil in different packaging containers in Nigeria

December 2012

Palm oil was obtained from Linkjon commercial processing oil mill with food grade equipment at Umunze in Anambra State. The samples were stored at ambient conditions for one year in five different containers (transparent plastic, opaque blue plastic, opaque white plastic, green bottle and transparent bottle). Quality indices were determined for moisture content, free fatty acid (FFA), acid value and saponification value...

Author(s): Ego U. Okonkwo, Kayode A. Arowora, Bukola A. Ogundele, Mike A. Omodara and Sunday S. Afolayan

Quality evaluation of segments-in-syrup as affected by steeping preservation of aonla fruits

November 2012

Steeping preservation is one of the technologies comparatively economical and easy to follow for processing fruits for a prolonged period. In the present study, aonla fruits were preserved in solutions, viz: water (control), water + 500 ppm SO2, water + 2% salt solution + 500 ppm SO2,water + 5% sugar solution + 500 ppm SO2 and water + 2% salt solution + 5% sugar solution + 500 ppm SO2, up to 90 days...

Author(s): Priyanka Nayak, Dharmendra Kumar Shukla, Devendra Kumar Bhatt and Dileep Kumar Tandon

Variation in germination and seed longevity of kenaf (Hibiscus canabinus) as affected by different maturity and harvesting stages

November 2012

Laboratory experiments were carried out during November 2010 to October 2011 at the seed testing Laboratory of the Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Obafemi Awolowo University, Moor Plantation, Ibadan, to determine the effects of harvesting stages on seed viability and longevity of kenaf. Kenaf seeds of four genotypes were harvested at four stages of seed maturity namely; (1) four weeks after flowering (4...

Author(s): O. J. Olasoji, O. F. Owolade, R. A. Badmus, A. A. Olosunde and O. J. Okoh

Laboratory evaluation of the effect of Khaya senegalensis and Cassia occidentalis ethanolic leaves extracts against worker termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidoe) on treated wood sample

October 2012

Khaya senegalensis and Cassia occidentalis ethanolic leaves extract were evaluated for their effectiveness to suppress wood damage by termite at the Department of Biological Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. K. senegalensis was collected from Nana hall female hostel, old campus of Bayero University Kano, and C. occidentalis was collected from wild areas of Aminu Kano Teaching...

Author(s): N. Abdullahi, S. Yahya, M. Yushau and Z. Tukur

Use of information and communication technologies by rural farmers in Oluyole local government area of Oyo State, Nigeria

October 2012

This study investigated the role, impact, level of use and potentials of integrating Information and Communication Technologies (ITCs) into agricultural development process in Oluyole local government area of Nigeria. The study observed that as much as finance and infrastructure were important in developing agriculture, much more were required in the form of ICTs to adequately extend innovations to effectively employ...

Author(s): J. M. Usman, J. A. Adeboye, K. A. Oluyole and S. Ajijola

Methodology assessment on melting and texture properties of spread during ageing and impact of sample size on the representativeness of the results

May 2012

A large number of methods and instruments have been used for measuring the melting and texture properties of margarine and spread. All these methods assume that margarine or spreads are isotropic materials. Depending on the scale of the sample, such statement is sometimes questionable in particular when using miniaturized samples. This paper gives an overview of the methods adopted and evaluates its suitability to...

Author(s): Chitra Pothiraj, Ruben Zuñiga, Helene Simonin, Sylvie Chevallier and Alain Le-Bail

Effect of grain moisture content and storage time on efficacy of inert and botanical dusts for the control of Sitophilus zeamais in stored maize

May 2012

The effect of grain moisture content and time of storage on the efficacy of inert and botanical dusts, conventional and bacterial metabolite insecticides were evaluated in the laboratory. Maize grains at 10, 12, 14 and 16% moisture content were admixed with inert powder (diatomaceous earth Kensil Superfine®), maize cob and bean trash ashes, and botanical (neem seed cake powder) at a dose rate of 0.9% w/w. Actellic...

Author(s): Shem K. Khakame, Paddy Likhayo, Florence M. Olubayo and John H. Nderitu

Modified atmosphere packaging and active packaging of banana (Musa spp.): A review on control of ripening and extension of shelf life

May 2012

Banana is one of the most important fruit crops in the world and is considered by millions of people as their main energy source. Post harvest shelf life extension has been a problem for years due to its climacteric respiration pattern and sensitivity to low temperature. Extensive research has been done in this area for many decades. Among various existing technologies, Modified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP) which extends...

Author(s): Sen C., Mishra H. N. and Srivastav P. P.

Appraisal of rice production in Nigeria: A case study of north central states of Nigeria

May 2012

The study was carried out in order to determine the level of contribution of North Central States of Nigeria in rice production to the total output of rice in Nigeria. Secondary data were collected from National Bureau of Statistics. The data include land area used for rice cultivation and output of rice from the period of 1994/1995 to 2005/2006 cropping season. For the area of land used for rice cultivation, the...

Author(s): Ajijola S., Usman J. M.,  Egbetokun O. A, Akoun J. and Osalusi C. S.

Mathematical modelling of microwave drying of safou pulp

April 2012

Microwave drying characteristics of safou pulp (Dacryodesedulis) were evaluated in a laboratory scale microwave dryer. The drying experiments were carried out at 0.42, 0.56 and 0.70 kW. Three commonly used mathematical models were evaluated with the experimental data. The results indicated that the Page model was most adequate in predicting moisture transfer for safou pulp, just a falling rate period was observed in the...

Author(s): Daniel Massamba, Gentil Elenga, Jean Goma Maniongui and Thomas Silou

Assesment of soil fertilty at different working depths of moldboard plow under silty loam soil

April 2012

A field experiment was conducted to determine the soil fertility influenced by moldboard plow.The composite soil samples were drawn from the depths of 0 to 5, 5 to 10, 10 to 15, 15 to 20 and 20 to 25 cm respectively, in order to ascertain the physiochemical properties of soil. Results obtained from the present experiment are summarized as; the total soluble salts in the experimental area showed that the soil was...

Author(s): F. A. Chandio, , Ji Changying, A. A.Tagar, I. A. Mari, M. A. Talpur and A. G. Soomro

Studies on the standardization of ripening techniques for oranges

April 2012

Fruits of oranges cultivar’ free from any external and internal disorders harvested at physiological green mature stage were utilized for studying its ripening behavior. Initially, fruits were treated with Neem oil (1%). in order to break any pest attack and the treatments were given as foliar spray. Freshly harvested fruit were divided into different lots. The first lot of fruit was treated with ethylene gas as...

Author(s): Sandeep K. Chauhan, P. Singh and N. K. Jawa

Estimation of haulage capacity and nest activity of different sizes of harvester ant (Messor galla forel) for major small grain cereals in Nigeria

April 2012

The experiment assessed the nest activity index, stock depletion rate and haulage capacity of the three ant worker-size categories as susceptibility indices of millet, sorghum, rice and wheat grains. Results of the study indicated significant (P<0.01) difference in all the assessed parameters among the test cereals, worker-ant sizes and their interaction. Millet grains were significantly more susceptible compared to...

Author(s): Zakari Goji Silas Turaki, Joy Zakari Turaki, Joshua Dalli Zira and Abba Bukar Abba-Masta

Rural household livelihood strategies in drought-prone areas: The case of Gulomekeda District, Eastern Zone of Tigray National Regional State, Ethiopia

April 2012

Despite the continuing economic centrality of agriculture in the district, farm households engage and pursue diverse non-farm livelihood activities to cope with diverse challenges and risks such as drought. This paper aims to assess the relative importance of existing livelihood strategies adopted by the different socio-economic groups; the link between households’ ownership and access to different...

Author(s): Gebrehiwot Weldegebrial Gebru and Fekadu Beyene

Identification and pathogenicity of phytopathogenic bacteria associated with soft rot disease of girasole tuber in Egypt

March 2012

Six bacterial isolates were isolated from naturally infected tubers of girasole plants (Helianthus tuberosus L.) cv. Balady showing soft rot collected from experimental Farm of Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, in El-Minia University during 2010 and 2011 growing seasons.  Pathogenicity tests showed various virulence for the isolated bacteria toward girasole tubers was found...

Author(s): Ismail, M. E. and Moustafa Y.M.M

Production and sensory evaluation of food blends from maize-plantain-soybean as infant complementary food

March 2012

The study was conducted to produce and evaluate food blends from maize- plantain - soybean as infant complementary food. Treatments consist of diet formulated with toasted soya beans flour, ogi flour from yellow maize corn and firm ripe plantain was used for the production of the plantain flour. Six experimental diets were formulated from the above flours, to contain the following percentage ratios: OPBL1 - 50% maize,...

Author(s): Opara, B. J., Uchechukwu, N., Omodamiro, R. M. and Paul, N.

Storage and consumer acceptability of fruit: Ginger based drinks for combating micronutrient deficiency

March 2012

Fruits are good sources of micronutrients especially mineral and vitamin C. Ginger satisfies the function of color and flavour enhancers. Matured healthy pineapple, orange and paw-paw fruits were used to prepare pineapple-ginger, orange-ginger and paw-paw-ginger based drinks. The drinks were distributed into the same type of plastic container with lid (50-ml capacity filled up to about 45 ml). They were kept under...

Author(s): Omodamiro R. M., Aniedu C., Chijoke U. and Oti E.

Identification of compounds characterizing the aroma of oblate-peach fruit during storage by GC-MS

March 2012

Three analytical methods, including headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME), liquid–liquid extraction (LLE) and steam distillation extraction (SDE), were utilized to investigate the aroma profile characteristics of Xinjiang oblate-peach fruit during storage, and the characterizing compounds were detected by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Silica fiber...

Author(s): Lin-lin Cheng, Li-mei Xiao, Wei-Xin Chen, Ji-de Wang, Feng-bin Che and Bin Wu ,

Storability of breadfruit and its hazard analysis in Nigeria

March 2012

Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) was dried using a multipurpose dryer (MPD) developed by researchers at Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI). Proximate composition of dehydrated flour and those stored for eight and twelve months was carried out. Moisture content was determined by air-oven method, while protein value was determined by Kjeldahl method. There were reductions in the moisture contents of...

Author(s): Arowora K. A, Ogundele B. A and Ajani A. O

Effect of Pseudomonas fluorescens on Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. gladioli causing corm rot disease of gladiolus

February 2012

A detailed study was conducted to find out the efficacy of Pseudomonas fluorescens on fusarial corm rot pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. gladioli in Department of Plant Protection, Allahabad Agricultural Institute Deemed-University, Allahabad. The strains of P. fluorescensisolates from gladiolus rhizosphere had significantly inhibited the growth of F. oxysporum f....

Author(s): Syed Danish Yaseen Naqvi and Shafaat Ahmad

Efficacy of Trichoderma spp. against fusarial wilts of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

February 2012

Like other crops, chickpea is also attacked by various diseases and insect-pests, out of which fusarial wilt and pod borer of chickpea are most severe; there are many methods such as breeding and cultivation of resistant varieties, use of chemical fungicides and insecticides for management of fusarial wilt of chickpea. However, increasing use of chemical fungicides and insecticides in plant protection results in several...

Author(s): Syed Danish Yaseen Naqvi and S. Ahmad

Microbiological and physicochemical characterization of shea butter sold on Benin markets

February 2012

Shea butter, a fat from the nuts of shea tree, is of great nutritional and commercial value for local communities of Africa. The sanitary and physicochemical qualities of shea butter sold in Benin markets are unknown. This study assesses the quality characteristics of 54 samples of shea butter collected from eight markets in Benin, West Africa. Total germs, yeasts and mould varied with...

Author(s): Fernande G. Honfo, Kerstin Hell, Noël Akissoé, Anita Linnemann and Ousmane Coulibaly

Causes of household food insecurity in Wolayta: Southern Ethiopia

February 2012

The objective of this paper is to examine the causes of food insecurity in Wolayta.  This question is of interest since it has been argued that there is no problem of underdevelopment that can be more serious than food insecurity. The study showed that the majority of the rural households (74.2%) are food insecure.  A binary logistic model is used to determine the factors, which influence...

Author(s): Adugna Eneyew and Wagayehu Bekele

The use of two indigenous medicinal plant leaf powders (Cymbopogon citratus and Ocimum suave) applied as mixed and individual powders to evaluate the reproductive fitness of F1 generation (eggs laid and F2 adult) of Callosobruchus maculatus (cowpea bruchid)

January 2012

It has been estimated that over 90% cowpea is lost to cowpea bruchids especiallyCallosobruchus maculatus. A mixture of plant containing Cymbopogon citratus (Lemon grass) (L) and Ocimum suave (Wild basil) (W) powders in the ratios (Lemon grass: Wild basil): 100:0, 80:20, 60:40, 50:50, 40:60, 20:80, 0:100 and 0:0 were used under ambient laboratory conditions with the aim of evaluating the effects...

Author(s): Ojianwuna, C. C. and Umoru, P. A.

Evaluation on the efficacy of spinosad dust against major storage insect pests

January 2012

Laboratory bioassay trials were conducted at the National Agricultural Research Laboratories and Kiboko sub-centre in Kenya to determine the efficacy of spinosad dust 0.125% admixed with shelled grains, compared to a “cocktail” of pirimiphos-methyl 1.6% and permethrin 0.3% (Actellic super dust) against four important storage-insect pests: Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch), Tribolium...

Author(s): Kimondo Mutambuki, C. M. Ngatia, J. N. Mbugua and P. Likhayo

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