Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 368

JVMAH Articles

Occurrences and financial significance of bovine cystic echinococcosis in Southern Wollo, Northeastern Ethiopia

February 2013

The study was carried out in Kombolcha ELFORA Industrial Abattoir to assess the current status and economic importance of bovine hydatidosis. Hyatid cyst count, characterization and economic loss assessment were conducted out of a total of 535 cattles slaughtered in Kombolcha ELFORA Industrial Abattoir. 93 (17.4%) animals were found harboring hydatid cysts. Thorough meat inspection in the abattoir revealed that 101...

Author(s): Alemu Bizuwork, Nigatu Kebede, Tariku Tibat, Getachew Tilahun and Tesfu Kassa

Molecular detection of canine parvovirus in Jos, Nigeria

February 2013

Canine parvovirus (CPV) remains the most significant viral cause of enteritis in puppies over the age of two months. This study was meant to detect the virus by targeting the VP2 gene, a 583 bp gene (nucleotide 4003 to 4585) of the capsid protein. The detection of the virus was carried out by conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on one hundred and nine samples. Seventy five of these were rectal swabs while...

Author(s): S. C. Chollom, E. J. Fyaktu, A. E. J. Okwori, G. O. A. Agada, G. Hashimu, R. Y. Akele, E. I. Voumangai, T. Dashe and D. Z. Egah

Prevalence and economic importance of liver parasites: Hydatid Cyst, Fasciola species and Cysticercus tenuicolis in sheep and goats slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoir enterprise in Ethiopia

January 2013

This research was designed to determine the prevalence of Cysticercus tenuicollis,Fasciola and Hydatid cyst and to estimate the magnitude of the direct financial losses attributed to the condemned liver of sheep and goats slaughtered in the abattoir. Ante-mortem examination was done to determine the origin and age of animals slaughtered. Post-mortem inspection was conducted on a total of 1152 animals...

Author(s): Yehualashet Bayu, Aklilu Asmelash, Kaleab Zerom and Tsegaye Ayalew

Hepatoprotective effect of Phyllanthus niruri aqueous extract in acetaminophen sub-acutec exposure rabbits

January 2013

The hepatoprotective effect of the aqueous extract of Phyllanthus niruri was evaluated in an acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity study using 24 male rabbits of the New Zealand White breed. The rabbits were randomly divided into six groups of 4 rabbits each. Group I served as a negative control group and was given only distilled water. Group II received only acetaminophen at 300 mg/kg. Groups III, IV and V...

Author(s): Micah S. Makoshi, Isaac M. Adanyeguh and Loveth I. Nwatu I.

Prevalence of Listeria species in retail quail products from Isfahan, Iran

January 2013

Listeria species are Gram positive, short, non sporing rods, microaerophilic. Of the six species currently recognized, Listeria monocytogenes is the most important as it causes a range of infections in humans and animals. This study was undertaken to determine the occurrence of Listeria spp. in retail quail products in Isfahan, Iran. A total of 150 samples of meat, liver,...

Author(s): Mohsen Panahi Dorcheh, Rafie Sohrabi and Mohammad Salajegheh

Gastrointestinal helminthes of dogs and owners’ perception of dogs parasitic zoonoses in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia

January 2013

The prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in dogs was investigated by faecal examination from 860 dogs employing direct smear, simple flotation and sedimentation techniques. A structured questionnaire was also completed by 476 owners to assess the public awareness of zoonotic helminthes transmitted by dogs. Of the 860 dogs examined 768 (89.3%) were found to be positive for different types of helminth eggs. The...

Author(s): Berhanu Mekbib, Alemayehu Regassa and Desie Sheferaw

Comparison of reverse line blot and β-tubulin targeted nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques in the detection of Theileria and Babesia piroplasms in cattle in Uganda

January 2013

Three hundred (300) blood samples from apparently healthy cattle were collected in areas around Lake Mburo National Park in Western Uganda. These were used in the comparison of the sensitivity and specificity of reverse line blot (RLB) and β-tubulin targeted nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the detection of tick-borne piroplasms in cattle. The sensitivity of RLB technique for the detection...

Author(s): Kalenzi David Atuhaire, Kokas Ikwap, Samuel Eyanu, Frank Norbert Mwiine, Micheal Ocaido, William Olaho-Mukani, Margaret Saimo and George William Lubega

Effect of the periparturient period on blood free amino acid concentration in dairy cows/healthy cows

December 2012

A negative energy balance (NEB) attributed to sugar and lipid metabolic disorders are common in periparturient cows. The relationship between periparturient disorders and amino acid metabolism is unclear. The present study was aimed to observe the kinetics of blood free amino acids healthy periparturient cows simultaneously with the concentrations of biochemical constituents in plasma. The changes in the concentrations...

Author(s): Yousuke Maeda, Hiromichi Ohtsuka and Masa-aki Oikawa

Effect of adding arginine in different concentrations on some physical properties of poor motile bull sperms during different months

December 2012

In order to investigate the effect of adding arginine on poor motile bull sperms, this study was conducted in Artificial Insemination Center, Iraq, from December, 2008 to July, 2009. 114 ejaculates with poor motile sperms estimated (30 to 55%) were collected by artificial vagina (AV) from 10 Holstein bulls and extended with Tris-yolk-fructose extender supplemented with different concentrations of arginine (0, 0.002,...

Author(s): Ahmed Saed AL-Ebady, Souhayla Oneeis Hussain, Kreem Iwaid AL-Badry and Basima Abd Rajab

The effects of vaccination, antibiotic and vitamin therapy on some clinical parameters associated with natural outbreak of fowlpox in chickens

December 2012

The management of field outbreak of fowlpox in chickens was studied in a batch of 1050, five weeks old white cockerels. Post infection or emergency vaccination and the oral administration of antibiotics, and vitamins were investigated on how they can reduce the clinical parameter associated with fowl pox infections in chickens. Natural outbreak of fowlpox was observed in the birds at the age of five weeks and clinical...

Author(s): Okwor, E. C., Eze, D. C. and Agbo, I. C.

Spatial distribution of tsetse flies in the Blue Nile State, Sudan

December 2012

The present study was carried out to spot the limit of tsetse fly belt in the Blue Nile State as the consecutive ecological changes tend to create significant modification in tsetse distribution. The survey was carried out for three weeks during March, 2011. Traps were placed in various vegetation types assumed to possibly harbor tsetse flies and were placed 200 m for three days at each site and harvested after 24 h....

Author(s): Mohammed A. Basheer, Yassir O. Mohammed, Mo,awia Mukhtar Hassan, Mohamed  A., Mohamed M. Mohamed-Ahmed and Intisar E. El Rayah

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha signaling: Regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor-dependent angiogenesis during ovarian corpus luteum development in mammals

November 2012

The corpus luteum (CL) is a temporary endocrine structure in mammals, which is the site of intense capillary network (angiogenesis). The angiogenesis is a process of vascular growth that is mainly limited to the reproductive system in healthy adult animals, which enables the hormone-producing cells to obtain the oxygen, nutrients and also precursors necessary to synthesize and release different hormones essential for...

Author(s): Zhenghong Zhang, Qianping Luo, Yong Cheng and Zhengchao Wang

Study on ovine fasciolosis: Prevalence and associated risk factors in North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia

November 2012

A cross sectional study was conducted from November to April, 2011 in three districts (Gondar town, Gondar Zuria, and Dembia) of North Gondar Administrative Zone (NGAZ). The objectives of the study, were to determine the prevalence ovine fasciolosis and to asses risk factors associated with fasciolosis in sheep. Coprological examinations, was used to collect fresh fecal samples directly from live sheep during the study...

Author(s): Mastewal Birhan Atanaw and Malede Birhan Atanaw

Prevalence and public health significance of ovine hydatidosis in Bahir Dar Town, Ethiopia

November 2012

Both cross-sectional and retrospective studies were conducted from October 2010 to April 2011 in Bahir Dar municipal abattoir and Azewa hotel to determine the prevalence and public health importance of hydatidosis in sheep. Hydatid cyst characterization was conducted based on routine meat inspection. Of the total of 400 sheeps examined by thorough meat inspection in Bahir Dar municipal abattoir and Azewa hotel, it was...

Author(s): Timketa Belina, Alula Alemayehu, Nebyou Moje, Azene Yechale and Sisay Girma

Study on prevalence of bovine mastitis and its major causative agents in West Harerghe zone, Doba district, Ethiopia

November 2012

A cross-sectional study was carried out in Doba district, West Harerghe, Eastern Oromiya State, Ethiopia from November 2010 to April 2011 with the aim of determining prevalence of mastitis in Zebu cows and to identify associated risk factors and major etiological agents. A total of 384 lactating Zebu cows were included in this study and out of these, 89 (23.18%) were found to be reactive by California mastitis test...

Author(s): Sisay Girma, Alo Mammo, Ketema Bogele, Teshale Sori, Fanos Tadesse and Tariku Jibat

Study on coprological prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in and around Woreta, Northwestern Ethiopia

October 2012

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November, 2009 to March, 2010 to determine the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in and around Woreta, Northwestern Ethiopia. A total of 384 fecal samples were examined and 159 (41.41%) were found to be positive for fasciolosis. Sex, age, peasant associations and breed were taken into consideration where 40 and 42.25% prevalence were recorded for young and adult animals,...

Author(s): Biniam Tsegaye, Hanna Abebaw and Sisay Girma

Seroprevalence of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia in Dire Dawa provisional administrative council, Eastern Ethiopia

October 2012

A cross-sectional study was conducted in and around Dire Dawa Provisional Administrative Council (DDPAC) from November, 2011 to March, 2012 to determine the seroprevalence of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) and to assess risk factors associated with seropositivity. In this study, 244 sera were collected from goats and subjected to complement fixation test. Out of the total sera tested, 12 (4.92%) were positive...

Author(s): Eskindir Yousuf, Achenef Melaku and Basaznew Bogale

Cystic hydatidosis in Ethiopia: A review

September 2012

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a cestode infection caused by the larval stage ofEchinocococcus granulosus. It is an important zoonoses, as humans get infected by ingesting eggs passed in the feces of dogs, and important cause of economic loss mainly due to organ condemnation and reducing the quality of meat, milk and wool production. Hydatidosis is prevalent in cattle and small ruminant population of Ethiopia in a range...

Author(s): Surafel Asrate

Prevalence of cattle tick infestation in and around Haramaya district, Eastern Ethiopia

September 2012

We conducted a survey to determine the prevalence of hard ticks, their predilection sites and relation to breed, sex, and age group of animals. Cattle coming to clinic from different localities found in Haramaya district were selected by systematic random sampling technique and then examined for tick infestation. A total of 560 animals were examined of which 186 (33.21%) were found infested with one or more ticks....

Author(s): Surafel Asrate and Amsalu Yalew

Economical and managerial analysis of effective managerial strategies for the prevention of milk fever in transition period in commercial dairy farms

August 2012

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of managerial strategies for the prevention of milk fever in transition period in Shahroud commercial dairy farms. For this purpose, all required information were collected by preparing a questionnaire. Relevant questions about applying managerial strategies for the prevention of milk fever in transition period were inserted in first part. These strategies...

Author(s): Hamed Kashfi, Ahmadreza Yazdani and Mehrdad Latifi

Ticks and mange mites infesting camels of Boran pastoral areas and the associated risk factors, southern Ethiopia

August 2012

A cross-sectional study was conducted on selected camel herds of Borana lowland, southern Ethiopia. From a total of 560 camels examined, 97.7 and 25.9% were found infested with ticks of various species and Sarcoptes species. A total of 4636 adult tick species were collected from half-body regions of selected camels. The tick species identified and their relative abundance were as follows: Rhipicephalus...

Author(s): Bekele Megersa, Abreham Damena, Jemere Bekele, Bedane Adane and Desie Sheferaw

A survey on helminth parasites of dogs in Benin city, Edo State, Nigeria

May 2012

Dogs are the most common pet animals worldwide. A study of the gastrointestinal helminth parasites of dogs (Canis familiaris) in three veterinary clinics in Benin City, Nigeria, was conducted between June and December 2010. Faecal samples collected from 150 dogs were processed by floatation and direct faecal smear methods, and then examined for helminth eggs. Coprological examination revealed that 28.0% of the dogs...

Author(s): Edosomwan, E. U. and Chinweuba C. R.

Seroprevalence of small ruminant brucellosis and its public health awareness in selected sites of Dire Dawa region, Eastern Ethiopia

May 2012

Between November 2010 and April 2011, a serological study was conducted on small ruminants to determine the prevalence of brucellosis and factors affecting its frequency in these animals. Out of 384 sheep and goats sera tested using Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and complement fixation test (CFT), 36 (9.38%) reacted positively using RBPT. Of these reactant sera, 35 also tested positive using CFT, giving an overall...

Author(s): Efa Negash, Shihun Shimelis and Desta Beyene

Posterior paresis in pregnant gilts experimentally infected with Trypanosoma brucei

April 2012

The effect of Trypanosoma brucei infection on reproductive efficiency in gilts (n=12) was conducted. The gilts were bought as piglets aged eight weeks from piggeries in Samaru village in Zaria, Nigeria. On attaining puberty, the gilts were divided into experimental and control groups, each group containing six animals. All the gilts were subsequently bred by fertile boars and they were confirmed pregnant. The...

Author(s): Lushaikyaa Allam, David Ogwu, Rowland Ibrahim Shehu Agbede and Anthony Kojo Bedu Sackey

Prevalence study of bovine trypanosomosis and tsetse density in selected villages of Arbaminch, Ethiopia

April 2012

A cross-sectional study was carried out with aimed at determining the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and apparent tsetse density in two selected villages of Arba Minch Woreda, from November, 2009 to April, 2010. Blood samples were collected from 384 randomly selected cattle to detect the prevalence of trypanosomes using buffy coat method. The overall infection rate 4.43% (N=17) was recorded. The cattle are...

Author(s): Wondewosen Teka, Dechasa Terefe and Anteneh Wondimu

Prevalence and financial loss estimation of hydatidosis of cattle slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoirs enterprise

April 2012

The study was undertaken from November, 2009 to April, 2010, at Addis Ababa Abattoir Enterprise with the aim of determining the prevalence of bovine hydatidosis and to have realistic estimate of the financial loss attributed to organ condemnation as a result of hydatidosis disease. Of the 484 examined animals, 196 (40.5%) harbored hydatid cysts. Observation during the survey period also revealed that the infection rate...

Author(s): Dechassa Terefe. Kibrusfaw Kebede, Desta Beyene and Anteneh Wondimu

Helminthosis of sheep and goats in and around Haramaya, Southeastern Ethiopia

April 2012

A cross-sectional study was carried out in sheep and goats kept under extensive management system in and around Haramaya, Southeastern Ethiopia, during the period from July 2010 to June 2011 with the aim of determining the prevalence, and the status of gastrointestinal (GIT) helminthosis and the risk factors associated with it. For this purpose 768 fecal samples were collected from 384 sheep and 384 goats....

Author(s): Tesfaheywet Zeryehun

A prevalence study of internal parasites infecting Boer goats at Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia

March 2012

This study determined the prevalence and intensity of internal parasites infecting pure- and cross-bred Boer goats, and to determine the risk factors associated with the parasites at Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia. The study covered five months from November 2009 to March 2010. During this period, faecal samples from 192 goats (104 pure Boer goats and 88 cross-bred goats) were examined using several...

Author(s): Dechassa Terefe, Daniel Demissie, Desta Beyene and Samuel Haile

Studies on farmer awareness on caprine abortion and the presence of Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis in selected flocks in an arid zone of Nigeria

March 2012

A survey was conducted to evaluate farmer’s awareness on caprine abortion and the occurrence of Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis in flocks in the arid zone of Nigeria. The survey revealed that 80% of the flocks studied had a mean kidding rate of 3 per 2 years, while 19% had a rate of 1 per year. The result also showed that 47% of the farmers use deep burial, 11% discards aborted...

Author(s): M. Adamu, G. D. Mshelia, N. Adamu, L. Ouda and G. O. Egwu

Population dynamics of cattle ectoparasites in Western Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia

March 2012

Skin diseases are one of the major causes of considerable economic loss from defective skin and hide export. Skin diseases caused by lice, ticks and mange mites, are among the major diseases of cattle causing serious economic loss to the farmer, the tanning industry and the country as a whole. The study was carried out from November 2009 to June 2010 to determine ectoparasites infestations and diversity in Awi zone,...

Author(s): Nigatu Kebede and Teshome Fetene

Identification of tick species and their preferred site on cattle’s body in and around Mizan Teferi, Southwestern Ethiopia

February 2012

A cross-sectional study was conducted to identify tick species and their preferred sites on cattle’s body in and around Mizan Teferi, Southwestern Ethiopia. Three hundred seventy five cows were brought to Mizan Teferi Gacheb veterinary clinic during the study period from areas where mixed crop-livestock farming is the dominant production system. Out the total number of the animals brought to clinic, 272 animals...

Author(s): Fanos Tadesse, Gezali Abadfaji, Sisay Girma, Bersissa kumsa and Tariku Jibat

Prevalence, gross pathological lesions and economic losses of bovine fasciolosis at Jimma Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia

February 2012

This study reports the prevalence of fasciolosis in slaughtered cattle at abattoirs of Ethiopia. A total of 761 cattle were randomly sampled and examined after slaughter of which 407 (53.48%) were positive for fasiolosis. Depending on the degree of pathological lesions, 110 (27.03%), 220 (54.05%), and 77 (18.92%), were lightly, moderately and severely affected respectively. There was a...

Author(s): Dechasa Terefe, Anteneh Wondimu and Dechasa Fekadu Gachen

Serological and molecular study of Newcastle disease virus circulating in village chickens of Fars province, Iran

December 2011

The epidemiology of circulating Newcastle disease virus in village chickens, using hemagglutination inhibition, RT-PCR and real-time RT-PCR was conducted by using systematic random sampling design for collection of samples. Total 1050 sera samples and 1820 tracheal and cloacal swabs were tested from chickens in 21 villages in Fars province, Iran. Samples were collected in January and February 2010. Hemagglutination...

Author(s): Ghasem Rezaeianzadeh, Habibolah Dadras, Ali Safar. Maken Ali and Mohammad Hossein Nazemshirazi

Potentials of essential oils and plant extracts as bio-antimicrobials on Gram-negative indicator bacterial pathogens of poultry origin

December 2011

Increasing antibiotic resistance of veterinary importance is of global health significance and concerns, due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria originating from animals; therefore, easily obtainable and cheap alternatives to antibiotic use in prophylaxis and also as growth promoters are imperative. Antibiotic resistance of 73 and 51 gram-negative, indicator bacterial strains isolated from 68 crop and 51 gizzard contents...

Author(s): Ogunshe, Adenike A. O. Emikpe, B. O. Olayiwola, J. O. and Adeyeri, S. O.

Morphological studies of the appendicular skeleton of the African giant pouched rat (Cricetomys gambianus) Part (i) pectoral limb

November 2011

The pectoral limb of the African giant rat (Cricetomys gambianus) was studied using 12 adult rats of both sexes. Characteristics of the bones were studied by gross observation after preparation. Measurements of manus and pectoral limb (articulated) were also taken. The bones of the pectoral limb were found to be generally similar in both structure and number to other rodent species. Variation came only in the size of...

Author(s): Salami Sulaiman Olawoye, Onwuama Kenechukwu Tobechukwu, Maidawa Men Sunday, Imam Jibril and Ojo Samuel Adeniyi

Morphological studies of the appendicular skeleton of the African giant pouched rat (Cricetomysgambianus) part (ii) pelvic limb

November 2011

The pelvic limb of the African giant pouched rat (Cricetomysgambianus) was studied using 12 adult rats of both sexes. Characteristics of the bones were studied by gross observation after preparation. Measurement of different segments of the Pelvic limb (articulated) was also taken. The bones of the pelvic limb were found to be generally similar in both structure and number to other rodent species that has been studied....

Author(s): Sulaiman Olawoye Salami, Kenechukwu Tobechukwu Onwuama, ObadiahByanet, Samuel Chikera Ibe and Samuel AdeniyiOjo

Influence of pregnancy and lactation on the parasitological and clinico-pathological responses of out-bred albino mice to Heligmosomoides bakeri infection administered at different trimesters of pregnancy

November 2011

Influence of pregnancy and lactation on the parasitological and some clinico-pathological responses of out-bred albino mice to single doses of Heligmosomoides bakeri (H.b) were studied. Fifty six pregnant and ten non-pregnant mice were used for the study. The pregnant mice were either infected in the first, second or third trimester depending on the experimental group and were either allowed to suckle or not following...

Author(s): Ngongeh L. A., Chiejina S. N.  and Fakae B. B.

Management of surgical wounds using crude neem oil in one year old ram: A successful report

October 2011

Wound healing effect of crude neem (Azadirachta indica Juss) oil, processed locally from the seed kernel was assessed on septic surgical wound in a one year old Uda ram. A wound approximately 7 cm in diameter created as a result of surgical drainage of abscess on the left caudal part of the elbow joint was flushed with the crude neem oil. A single application of the crude neem oil to the sutured wound resulted in a...

Author(s): Bwala D. G., Elisha I. L., Habu K. A., Dogonyaro B. B. and Kaikabo A. A.

Use of formalin and modified gravity-feed embalming technique in veterinary anatomy dissection and practicals

October 2011

Gravity feed embalming technique was used to preserve cadavers for teaching of gross anatomy and practicals. Six white Fulani cattle were used. The gravity feed technique was employed to embalm through the right common carotid artery. The right external jugular vein was used to drain blood from the vascular system concurrently. Complete embalming was achieved in about 10 h using an embalming fluid constituted of a...

Author(s): Itopa E. Ajayi, James C. Shawulu, Abdurrahman Ghaji, Gabriel K. Omeiza⊃ and Okwoche J. Ode⊃

On-farm diagnosis of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in nomadic herds using latex agglutination test (LAT)

September 2011

Three outbreaks of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Kafur Local Government Area of Katsina State, involving a total of 250 animals were reported. All the animals were examined thoroughly and based on the clinical signs exhibited, 120 (group A, n= 51, B, n=29 and C, n=40) animals were selected for latex agglutination test (LAT), using serum from each of the animal. The results indicate infection rates of 11.8%...

Author(s): Okaiyeto S. O., Danbirni S. , Allam L., Akam E. Pewan S. B. and Kudi A. C.

A study on the prevalence, distribution and economic importance of Cysticercus tenuicollis in visceral organs of small ruminants slaughtered at an abattoir in Ethiopia

September 2011

This study reports on detection and prevalence of Cysticercus tenuicollis in slaughtered sheep and goats at abattoirs of Ethiopia. A total of 1152 sheep and goats (576 sheep and 576 goats) were randomly sampled and examined postmortem after slaughter for presence of C. tenuicollis in the visceral organs of the animals using standard meat inspection procedures. Out of 1152 animals examined 127 livers...

Author(s): Anteneh Wondimu, Daniel Abera and Yacob Hailu

Hepatoprotective activity of Solanum nigrum extracts on chemically induced liver damage in rats

August 2011

The hepatoprotective effects of Solanum nigrum water and methanolic extracts were studied in rats injected with 0.2 ml/kg carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 10 consecutive days. S. nigrum water extract (250 to 500 mg/kg) was administered to rats injected with CCl4 for 10 days. The water extracts showed a hepatoprotective effect against CCl4-induced liver damage, which was evident by the decrease in...

Author(s): R. A. M. Elhag, S. M. A. El Badwi, A. O. Bakhiet and M. Galal

Therapeutic effects of Tephrosia vogelii ointment in the treatment of bovine dermatophilosis

August 2011

The therapeutic effect of a cream ointment prepared from the leaves of Tephrosia vogelii Hook F., was tested for the treatment of bovine dermatophilosis in four local cows of the Sokoto Gudali breed and two 50% Holstein Friesian crosses in Jos, Plateau State Nigeria. All the selected animals used in this study were naturally infected by the Dermatophilus congolensis organism. The selected animals all...

Author(s): Makoshi M. S. and Arowolo R. O. A.

Serologic detection of Avian influenza H5 antibodies using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

August 2011

A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) for Avian influenza (AI) H5 specific antibody detection was previously developed. In this study, additional serum samples from infected and vaccinated birds were tested and the results were compared to other serological tests. Using the samples from experimentally infected chickens, the H5 cELISA was shown to be comparable to other serological assays. Using...

Author(s): Ming Yang, Alfonso Clavijo, John Pasick, Tim Salo, Zhiliang Wang, Yanling Zhao, Dongxia Zheng and Yohannes Berhane

The effects of diabetes mellitus on the pathogenicity of trypanosomosis in rats

July 2011

Alloxan monohydrate was used to induce diabetes in rats, and then followed post infection with Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma brucei to determine the impact of diabetes on the course of trypanosome infection. Significant (P<0.05) hyperglycaemia occurred in the alloxan treated rats starting on day seven to the end of the experiment. Trypanosome infection did not affect the glycaemic status...

Author(s): Ukwueze Stanley Chigozie and Anene Boniface Maduka

Bovine colostrum: A veterinary nutraceutical

July 2011

A total of 116 adult frogs were captured from Moniya area of Ibadan and University of Ibadan Fish Farm, Oyo State of Nigeria between 31st March and 8th June 2009 and investigated for blood parasites by microscopic examination of stained blood films. Some haematological parameters were estimated. The mean packed cell volume, haemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelet count, mean cell volume, mean cell...

Author(s): N. N. Pandey, A. A. Dar, D. B. Mondal and Nagaraja L.

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in farm animals (camels, cattle, and sheep) in Sudan

July 2011

Infection with Toxoplasma gondii in human was increased in last years in Sudan particularly, in pregnant women. The infection may lead to devastating consequences to newborns therefore, the present study, designed to study the role of domestic animals in transmission of the disease to human. Serum samples from 200 cattle, sheep, and lactating camels from Khartoum State, Sudan were researched for T....

Author(s): Khalil M. Khalil and Intisar E. Elrayah

Haematology and prevalence of blood parasites of the common frog (Rana temporaria) in the tropical environment

June 2011

A total of 116 adult frogs were captured from Moniya area of Ibadan and University of Ibadan fish farm, Oyo State of Nigeria between 31st March and 8th June 2009 and investigated for blood parasites by microscopic examination of stained blood films. Some haematological parameters were estimated. The mean packed cell volume, haemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelet count, mean cell volume, mean cell...

Author(s): Omonona A. O. and Ekpenko V.

A cross-sectional study of equine trypanosomosis and its vectors in Wolayta zone, Southern Ethiopia

June 2011

A study was conducted between October 2008 and April 2009 in Humbo, Kindo Koysha and Sodo Zuria districts (southern Ethiopia) to investigate the infection by trypanosomes in equines and the fly vectors present in these areas. A total of 214 donkeys, 20 horses and 60 mules were examined by a dark ground/phase contrast buffy coat technique and microscopy of blood smears. Trypanosomes were observed in 10.7% of the donkeys...

Author(s): Addisu Eyob, Solomon Mekuria, Alemayehu Regassa and Rahmeto Abebe

Parsing demographic effects of canine parvovirus on a Minnesota wolf population

June 2011

We examined 35 years of relationships among wolf (Canis lupus) pup survival, population change and canine parvovirus (CPV) seroprevalence in Northeastern Minnesota to determine when CPV exerted its strongest effects. Using correlation analysis of data from five periods of 7-years each from 1973 through 2007, we learned that the strongest effect of CPV on pup survival (r = -0.73) and on wolf population change (r = -0.92)...

Author(s): L. David Mech, and Sagar M. Goyal

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