Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61050 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

August 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of credit demand by smallholder farmers in Morogoro, Tanzania

Agriculture plays a great role in the economy of many countries including Tanzania where the majority depends on agriculture-based activities for their livelihoods. Access to agricultural credit is vital for growth and development of agricultural sector in Tanzania, hence financing agriculture is a key issue in rural development. Despite effort of the Government to make agricultural credit services available and...

Author(s): Lazaro Athanas Mwonge and Alexis Naho

August 2021

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Experimental investigation of flame propagation mitigation using woven wire and perforated metal meshes in circular pipe

Explosions due to gas leaks from accidents and human errors are major concerns faced in natural gas and related industries. Understanding its formation and dissociation mechanisms at field conditions is keys to its successful prevention and management. In the present study, two different meshes with different sized flow channels were proposed to prevent and control methane combustion in a circular gas pipeline. The...

Author(s): Abdullahi Alhaji Ahmadu

August 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Response of selected sorghum (sorghum bicolor (l.) moench) genotypes to striga hermonthica (del.) benth in western Kenya

Sorghum is an important staple food crop in Kenya, but its yield is low due to many constraints which include diseases, drought, soil fertility, and pests, notably parasitic weed Striga hermonthica. Twenty elite sorghum genotypes and one resistant check were evaluated in three replications in a complete randomized design in Agar Gel (AG) experiment and randomized complete block design on selected Striga hotspot farms at...

Author(s): Dauglas Claoudious Ochiel, Mathews M. Dida, Evans Ouma, P. Ayiecho Olweny, Samuel Gudu

August 2021

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Combining ability analysis in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) genotypes

Eight sunflower inbred lines were crossed in 8×8 diallel fashion (without reciprocal) and 28 F1 were developed at Oilseed Research Centre (ORC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Gazipur in Rabi season, 2018. All F1 and their parents were planted in Rabi season 2019 to estimate general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects for yield and yield attributes. The highly...

Author(s): Sheikh Hasna Habib, Md Abdul Latif Akanda, Kausar Hossain and Ashraful Alam

August 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Physicochemical Assessment of a Hand-dug Well and the Kamakubuna Stream in the Sella Limba Chiefdom, Kamakwie, Northern, Sierra Leone

This research accesses the physical and chemical parameters of Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security (MAFFS) hand dug well and the Kamakubuna Stream in the Sella Limba Chiefdom, Kamakwie Town. The physical parameters such as total dissolved solid (TDS), turbidity, pH, temperature, conductivity; and the chemical parameters such as residual chlorine, ammonium, ammonia, bromine, copper, fluoride, iron,...

Author(s): Augustine Cole, Mohamed Pujeh Junior, Yahaya Kudush Kawa and Jonathan Kpaka

August 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics of gallic acid following oral administration of Triphala formulation in rats

Triphala formulation is one of the most common traditional medicines used for several health conditions. The study investigated the pharmacokinetics of gallic acid following an oral dose administration in rats. The pharmacokinetics of gallic acid was investigated in rats following a daily oral dose of 1,000 and 5,000 mg/kg body weight (28 days). Plasma concentrations of gallic acid were measured using liquid...

Author(s): Piracha Jumpa-ngern, Tullayakorn Plengsuriyakarn, and Kesara Na-Bangchang,

August 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Factors affecting the vaccination status of under five children in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Immunization is the most cost effective of public health intervention geared towards reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. There has been a global increase in the rate of immunization coverage with its attendant decline in vaccine preventable deaths. The immunization coverage in developing countries like Nigeria has however been challenging due to some reasons. Therefore, this study determined the immunization...

Author(s): Sarajudeen Bello, Ikrama Hassan, Taofik Ogunkunle, Olayinka Ibrahim, Abdulmumeen Lawal and Yahaya Issah

August 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Relationship between renal ultrasonographic, CD4 cell count and proteinuria findings in HIV infected adult patients in Jos, Nigeria

This study intends to describe renal sonographic outcomes in matured patients with HIV/AIDS in Plateau State capital Jos and relate the outcome with proteinuria and the subjects’ CD4 cell count. The 504 subjects were evaluated for renal ultrasound scan, CD4 cell counts and dipstick proteinuria (using Combi 10 Urinalysis strips) were obtained, and their findings recorded. Twenty-four (4.8%) of the patients had...

Author(s): P. M. Gwom, D. Atsukwei, E. D. Eze, E. O. Igoh, E. A. Gabkwet, M. D. Adams, K. M. Rabiu and I. Ezekiel

July 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antifungal and antibacterial activity of the different parts of mature Benincasa hispida against various microbial infectious agents

In this study we assayed on antimicrobial activity of peel, pulp, waxy coating of Benincasa hispida. Various parts of the plant are reported as antibacterial agents worldwide. Leaves, flower, root, seed are the most studied elements as antibacterial agent. Some fruits are also proved as antibacterial agent and used as herbal medicine as well as nutritional supplements during disease. Different parts of mature and...

Author(s): Md. Khasrul Alam, Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal, Morsed Ajam and Md. Rezuanul Islam

July 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular diagnosis of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis from culture-positive isolates using line probe assay in North Karnataka

The control of tuberculosis (TB) has become a global health challenge due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). This highlights the need for faster and more accurate detection of tuberculosis cases. The study aims to detect MDR-TB strains of pulmonary tuberculosis using resistance ratio method and to compare the diagnostic value of drug susceptibility...

Author(s): Reshma Bellad and Mahantesh Nagamoti

July 2021

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Can conservation incentives promote willingness to coexist with large carnivores in the eastern Serengeti ecosystem?

Communities living adjacent to protected areas tend to express more willingness to coexist with large carnivores in their areas when they receive tangible benefits. The aim of this study was to explore people’s willingness to coexist with large carnivores, including lions (Panthera leo), leopards (Panthera pardus), cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) and...

Author(s): Franco P. Mbise and Eivin Røskaft

July 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Disseminated tuberculosis with pulmonary and renal infections: A confirmed case in a severely immunocompromised HIV patient

Tuberculosis continues to be a major public health issue. The advent of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections led to a dramatic increase in extrapulmonary forms of tuberculosis, with a non-negligible number of cases with multifocal lesions. This study reports a disseminated tuberculosis case with pulmonary and renal localization in a severely immunocompromised HIV patient diagnosed by microscopic examination and...

Author(s): Alain Farra, Gaspard Tekpa, Gilles Ngaya, Hervé Gando and Alexandre Manirakiza  

July 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Back and upper body musculoskeletal pain and associated factors among medicine and nursing practicing students at university of Gondar, Ethiopia

Musculoskeletal pain are common problems for nursing and medicine students especially in developing countries. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of back and upper body musculoskeletal pain among nursing and medicine students at the University of Gondar. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted. Stratified simple random sampling technique and structured self-administered...

Author(s): Getasew Yirdaw, Yonas Lamore, Abate Lette and Sintayehu Daba  

July 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Preventing prematurity: The power of determining factors and challenges in a rural district hospital in Benin

Preterm births remain a major public health issue due to its weight in neonatal mortality and the significant socio-economic costs for its care. The aim of the current study was to identify factors associated with preterm births at Allada-Toffo-Zè zone hospital in Benin. This was a case-controlling study, which took place in April 2019. A total of 222 women's files were examined, including 74 cases and 148...

Author(s): SAIZONOU Jacques, MONGBO Virginie, AFFO Alphonse, MAKOUTODE Patrick and HOUESSOU Gad  

July 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Inheritance studies of grain shape and aroma traits of rice genotypes in Uganda rice germplasm

A study was conducted to determine the mode of inheritance for grain shape and aroma traits of lines in the Uganda rice germplasm. Five aromatic and four non-aromatic rice lines were crossed in screen house using North Carolina Design II at the National Crops Resources Research Institute, Uganda. The resulting F2 seeds and their parents were planted in the field using complete randomized block design in two...

Author(s): David Ocan, Richard Tusiime, Bill Williams Khizzah, Jimmy Lamo, Albert Chiteka and Patrick Rutimbanzigu Rubaihayo  

July 2021

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Influence of informal financial literacy training on financial knowledge and behavior of rural farmers: Evidence from Uganda

Financial literacy plays an important role in influencing financial behavior and knowledge of individuals. In this study, the impact of informal financial literacy training on rural smallholder farmers was assessed. Propensity score matching approach was used to assess training effects on distinct dimensions of financial knowledge. The study used a sample of farmers who are members of village savings and loans...

Author(s): Ntakyo Renzaho Proscovia, Johnny Mugisha, Robert Bangizi, Diana Namwanje and Robert Kalyebara  

July 2021

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Thick lenses systems

The matrix optics formalism is applied to show that a simple Gaussian equation is enough to relate object and image distances in an optical system consisting of an arbitrary number of thick lenses in cascade immersed in air. First, the case of a single thick lens was studied. Applying sequentially the optical matrixes corresponding to refraction and displacement of the optical ray, and imposing certain conditions on the...

Author(s): Fulvio Andres Callegari

July 2021

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Potential for anaerobic digestion by incubation and anaerobic fermentation of landfill waste: A case of the city of Lomé (Togo)

The objective of this work is to determine the methanogenic potential of landfill waste. To do this, two types of tests were carried out. The first one is the pre-test of anaerobic digestion by incubation carried out in a 500 mL flask in which 50 g of waste is placed in contact with 350 mL of water and the second one is the pre-test of the anaerobic digestion by fermentation also carried out under the same conditions as...

Author(s): Edem Komi Koledzi, Kokou Semeho Hundjoe and Nitale M’Balikine Krou

July 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Agromorphological characterization of scarlet eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.) grown in the Republic of Benin

The scarlet eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.) is an African traditional vegetable grown for its edibles leaves and fruits, which can contribute to food security in Republic of Benin. However, very little information is available on the genetic variability of this vegetable for varietal improvement purposes. Sixty accessions of scarlet eggplants collected throughout 52 villages in Benin republic were characterized using...

Author(s): Aguessy Scholastique, Idossou Roger, Loko Yêyinou Laura Estelle, Agre A. Paterne, Dassou Anicet, Dadonougbo Eric, Dansi Alexandre and Agbangla Clément

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Implementation of COVID-19 control measures: Effect on fertilizer supply and soil fertility in Africa

The unexpected outbreak of novel COVID-19 in late 2019 and continual spread across the world has disrupted the agricultural value chain. The World Health Organization (WHO) prescribed border closure, lockdown, social distancing, wearing a mask, and handwashing to combat the pandemic. These control measures, especially the closure of borders, have affected the importation and supply of fertilizer for crop production. The...

Author(s): Emmanuel Hanyabui, Samuel Obeng Apori, Selorm Akaba and Joseph Ssekandi

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phosphorus management issues for crop production: A review

Phosphorus (P) is an essential element for plant growth. On account of its low solubility in soil, P is often a limiting factor to optimum crop growth and therefore P fertilisation is an important aspect of nutrient management plans to ensure profitable and sustainable crop production. Plant P availability is controlled by sorption, desorption and precipitation of P from P released during weathering of P minerals and...

Author(s): T. Mardamootoo, C. C. du Preez and J. H. Barnard

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of farmers’ adoption decision of improved crop varieties in Ethiopia: Systematic review

Determinants of adoption decision have been studied by many researchers for a long time. This systematic review applied weight analysis method to summarize and synthesize the most common factors from twenty-one studies that determine the farmers’ adoption decision of improved crop varieties in a regular pattern in Ethiopia. Hence, the result revealed that factors like Access to credit, Participation in social...

Author(s): Abdurehman Mektel and Abdi Mohammed  

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Contribution of multi-nutritional blocks and treatment of roughage for the resilience of beneficiary of rural households in Niger

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of using multi-nutritional blocks and roughage processing as alternatives for the resilience of beneficiary households in the study area. The study was conducted in the rural communes of Sakoira and Kourtheye (Department of Tillaberi) through a survey of 32 producers of multi-nutritional blocks and treated straw. The structure by age class reveals, among the Peulh ethnic...

Author(s): Harouna ABDOU, Ibrahim ADAMOU KARIMOU, Abdoulkadri LAOUALI and Issa NOMAOU SANI

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
From yield to application: Nutrient requirement of maize (Zea maize) in Southeastern and Southwestern Ethiopia at zonal level

Optimal nutrient application is required for sustainable crop production and farm profitability in Ethiopian smallholder farmer. In this study, N, P and K requirement of maize was estimated for the current and future maize production levels in East Shewa and Jimma zones of Ethiopia. Current yield was assessed from Spatial Production Allocation Model (SPAM) database and yield responses and agronomic N, P and K use...

Author(s): Workneh Bekere

July 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiotic susceptibility and production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) of E. coli strains isolated from meat

The zoonotic potential of Escherichia coli from chicken and beef food products is well documented. The uses of antibiotics on agriculture encourage the development of resistance bacteria capable of causing human disease and passing resistance to human pathogens. This study aimed to detect the antibiotic susceptibility and production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) of E. coli strains isolated from meat. E....

Author(s): Omer A. S., Salwa E., Sanaa O. Y. and Elzubeir I. E. M.

July 2021

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Understanding levels and motivations of rural women engaging in Forest Management Institutions: Evidence from developing countries

Although studies emphasize that rural women are persistently being marginalized in forest governance in the Global South, some feminist scholars contend that women are still joining and engaging in forest management institutions. Drawing on the ‘Typology of Participation’ model and the ‘Gender Box’ framework, this article intends to widen our understanding of the levels and motivations of rural...

Author(s): Edwin A. B. Juma, Paul Omondi and Raphael W. Kareri

July 2021

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Influence of thermal and osmotic pressure on the growth and viability of Candida shehatae var shehatae

Environmental stresses can bring abrupt changes in microbes and it can affect its growth with a number of visible modifications. Although some studies emphasize on the bacterial and fungal cellular response against acute heat and mitochondrial substrate oxidative stresses, in case of yeast very few researches were conducted. Currently, Saccharomyces cerevisiae is only known yeast about their responses against...

Author(s): Sadia Afrin, Jannatul Sumaiya Promee, Meher Nahid, Mohammed A. Satter, Mohammad Amirul Haque, Ashish Kumar Sarker and Mohammad Nazrul Islam Bhuiyan  

July 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Growth, yield and phosphorus use efficiency of potato varieties propagated from apical rooted cuttings under variable phosphorus rates

This study determined effect of phosphorus (P) rates on growth, yield and phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) of potato varieties propagated from apical rooted cuttings. Experiments were conducted at Egerton University, Njoro and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research organization, Molo, in a split plot arrangement in randomized complete block design with three replicates. Main plot factors were four potato varieties...

Author(s): Pauline Aarakit, Josephine P. Ouma and Joyce J. Lelei

July 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Profiling of processors for baked and fried wheat based products in Nairobi Kenya

This study aimed at profiling bakers and fryers of wheat products in Nairobi to inform decisions leading towards incorporation of Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) puree in these products. An exhaustive sampling was carried out and 748 processors were interviewed in Nairobi County. The results indicate that even though there were more female processors than men, this difference was not significant (p>0.05). Majority...

Author(s): George Ooko Abong, Mukani Moyo, Elmah Odhiambo Geoffrey and Tawanda Muzhingi

July 2021

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Attributions for the culture of silence among victims of domestic violence: A case of married men in Kenya

The study examines attributions for the culture of silence among ever-married male victims of domestic violence in Kenya. This study targets ever-married men who had attained post-secondary education and working in public service. The study adopted a case study design that allows a combination of descriptive and explanatory strategies. The public institution was purposively selected from where 120 respondents were...

Author(s): Ciriaka Muriithi Gitonga

July 2021

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Career decision making among young adults in Ghanaian secondary schools using super’s career choice theory as a lens

This study focused on analysis of Donald Super’s Theory of Career Choice among young adults in Ghanaian Secondary Schools. This study indicates that, decisions made at tender age may relate to nothing but fantasy because they are likely to learn more on needs and wants of self rather than reality factor and also the inability of young adults to choose a good career for their lives is lack of career information and...

Author(s): Alfred Alunga Anovunga, John N-yelbi and Joseph Akpadago

July 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Stock returns, inflation and interest rate In Nigeria

The generalized Fisher effect has attracted a great deal of controversy around the world. This is similar in the Nigerian scenario as study established that there exist no long-run relationship between stock returns and inflation while some studies reported that only a unidirectional causation of returns on stocks with money flow exist as the variation in the flow of money will alter returns on stocks significantly, but...

Author(s): Ogbebor, Peter Ifeanyi, Awonuga Adesola, Oyamendan Nathaniel, and Oamen Gregory

July 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
The economic impact of unemployment and inflation on output growth in South Africa

Unemployment is not only pertinacious to output growth, but it has other social costs. As economies seek to develop through elimination of inequalities, alleviating poverty and ensuring output growth, inflation and unemployment stand as scarecrows to investors. This research aims to evaluate the economic effects of unemployment and inflation on output growth in South Africa. An ARDL model was employed to estimate...

Author(s): Leward Jeke and Lazarus Zungwe Wanjuu

July 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Standard heterosis and heterotic grouping of highland adapted maize (Zea Mays L.) inbred lines in Ethiopia

The current study was initiated to estimate the magnitude of standard heterosis for grain yield and yield related traits in a line x tester hybrids and to classify the inbred lines into different heterotic groups. Fifty entries consisting of 48 testcrosses developed from 12 inbred lines and 4 testers using line x tester design and two commercial check hybrids used in the study. The experiment was conducted using alpha...

Author(s): Dufera Tulu, Demissew Abakemal, Zeleke Keimeso, Tefera Kumsa, Worknesh Terefe, Legesse Wolde and Abenezer Abebe

July 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Metabolic profile of wistar rats after consumption of flour prepared with grains and fruits

The occurrence of chronic and degenerative diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer is increasing sharply. In the last years, there has been an increase in interest in the consumption of foods with functional properties that are related to weight loss and disease prevention. For these reasons, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of flour prepared with grains and fruits on the...

Author(s): Barbara Bucalem, Barbara Geraldo Amaro, Bruna Gomes Prado, Julia Novacki, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Élen Landgraf Guiguer, Maricelma da Silva Soares de Souza, Manuela dos Santos Bueno, Adriano Cressoni Araújo and Patrícia Cincotto dos Santos Bueno,

July 2021

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil survey and characterization of soil of Argo- Gedilala Sub Watershed in Dugda District, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

A detailed study on soil resources characterization based on the understanding of the soil system is not available at Dugda district. With the cognizance of this fact, the present study was conducted to characterize the morphological and physicochemical properties of soils, classify the soils according to World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) of Argo-Gedilala Subwatershed in Dugda District of Oromia Regional...

Author(s): Bekele Abebe , Lemma Wogi and Samuel Feyissa

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agricultural zoning and recommendations for the seeding of wheat (Triticum species) in the Central-Southern Mesoregion of Parana State in Brazil

Wheat is one of the most cultivated cereals and is essential for human and animal feeding. Since it is a sensible species to the meteorologic conditions, the climate changes can alter all its cultivation areas and practices known in the present agriculture. This paper aims to make the zoning of climatic risk for agriculture for the wheat crop (Triticum species) and recommend the planting window for the central-southern...

Author(s): Ana Paula Ferreira Dominoni⊃, Nathan Felipe da Silva Caldana⊃, Leonardo Rodrigues⊃, Bruno Wismeck Negrão⊃, Vitor Rampazzo Favoretto⊃, Victor Ricardo Bodnar⊃ and Marcelo Augusto de Aguiar e Silva⊃

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Profitability analysis of smallholder cocoa production in South West Region of Cameroon

Over the years, cocoa production in Cameroon has served as a source of employment for many smallholder farmers. However, aging trees amongst other factors is a limiting factor in the productivity of cocoa. The study compared the economic performances of different crop ages of smallholder cocoa production using primary data obtained by means of semi-structured questionnaires. Multi-stage random sampling was adopted to...

Author(s): Norbert N. Ngwang and Majory O. Meliko

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impact of row spacing on soybean morphological parameters and yield

The variable distribution of soybean seeds in rows can reduce the final stand and compromise grain yield. This article assesses the impact of seed distribution on the morphological characteristics of some plants and on the final yield of soybeans. The study was carried out in the experimental area of ??the federal university of Santa Maria, Frederico Westphalen campus, in the state of rio grande do sul, Brazil, in a...

Author(s): Claudir José Basso, Willian Bizarro Pertile, Mateus Junior Rodrigues Sangiovo, Fernanda Marcolan de Souza and Diecson Ruy Orsolin da Silva

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Antioxidant activity of Capsicum frutescens and its effect on sensory and carcass traits of local chickens

This study determined the antioxidant activity of Capsicum frutescens powder and its effect on sensory and carcass characteristics of local chickens fed with either cotton seed cake or sunflower seed diets for thirty seven days. The birds were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments (0, 1.1, 2.2 and 4.4%) of C. frutescens powder. For cotton seed cake diets, 15 birds were replicated thrice per treatment whereas the...

Author(s): Sebulime Peregrine, Ocaido Michael and Okello Samuel

July 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth efficiency and profitability indices of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings fed with different levels of Adansonia digitata (Baobab) seed meal

The effects of diet with different inclusion levels of baobab seed meal inclusions on the growth and gross margin analysis of Clarias gaiepinus fingerlings was evaluated under a controlled laboratory condition. Five inclusion levels of Baobab Seed Meal (BSM) to replace soya bean meal were studied at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% dietary protein. The experimental diets were uniform by targeting 40% crude protein with energy level...

Author(s): Ajibade Akinniyi Oyetunji, Adeosun Olubunmi, Sule Okanlawon Sakiru, Adedokun Mathew Adewale and Adesina Babatunde Taiwo

July 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of using word processor in teaching writing skill among secondary students in schools in Jordan

The study aims to identify the effect of using word processor in teaching writing skill among secondary students in private schools in Jordan, clear out the differences in writing skill between the control group taught in the ordinary method and the experimental group taught using word processor. The study follows the descriptive and experimental approach to identify the effect of using word processor in teaching...

Author(s): Yaser Aladwan

July 2021

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Potential of camel production and management Practices in Ethiopia: Review

The camel is one of the most vital domestic animals species for pastoralist livelihood as much as their blood circulation. The annual camel milk production of Ethiopia in 2018 is estimated to be 176113 tones. Camel produces considerable amount of milk and for long period of time than other milk producing animals under harsh conditions. Meat quality is largely age dependent and as other animals, good meat is from young...

Author(s): Kibebew Babege, Sale Wandara and Latamo Lameso

July 2021

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Multi-criteria SWOT-AHP analysis for the enhancement of agricultural extension services in Kano State, Nigeria

The study analysed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) for the enhancement of agricultural extension services in Kano State, Nigeria. Agricultural extension officers (head of units and their deputies) were purposively selected for the study due to their responsibilities as administrators and planners. In this paper, the SWOT-AHP methodology was employed to assess and prioritize management...

Author(s): Ibrahim Tafida and Raphael Foli Fiagbomeh

July 2021

International Journal of Livestock Production
Inappropriate antibacterial use in layer poultry farms in Gombe Metropolis, Northeast Nigeria, may constitute public health challenges

Antibacterial is extensively used in poultry to enhance productivity. Inappropriate use could yield unsafe edible poultry products. The study aimed to investigate the pattern of antibacterial use in commercial layer poultry farms in Gombe metropolis. Semi-structured questionnaire was designed and validated. The questionnaire was administered to 38 layer poultry farms to obtain information on poultry farm practices. Data...

Author(s): Paul Leonard Mela, Balogun Sulayman Tunde, Shamaki Bala Usman

July 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspectives of English as foreign language students

This study aimed at exploring the advantages and disadvantages of the online learning system implemented during COVID-19 Pandemic from English as foreign language (EFL) students’ perspective. To achieve the objectives of the study, qualitative approach was used. The sample of the study consisted of 20 students who were chosen purposely from the World Islamic Sciences and Education University in Amman, Jordan. A...

Author(s): Talal Alodwan

July 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Assessment of the physicochemical qualities and microbiological profile of Idah River, Kogi State, Nigeria

Analysis of water bodies, such as rivers and lakes can provide an insight into their intrinsic composition and potential impact on the environment. Water samples collected from four designated sites in Idah River, were assessed for their physicochemical parameters and microbial diversity using standard procedures. The temperature from all sites was 26.00°C and the pH ranged from 6.93 to 7.08. Turbidity values ranged...

Author(s): Deborah Ebunoluwa Adedire, Adijat Ozohu Jimoh, Zainab Kashim-Bello, Bilyaminu Adam Wase Shuaibu, Oluwabukola Atinuke Popoola, Kabiru Isa Pate, Onyinyechi Stainless Uzor, Eno Etingwa, Jumoke Florence Joda, Oyetola Olanrewaju Opaleye, Kehinde Rukayyat Adeniran, Ene Elizabeth Francis, Gbadebo Barnabas Olukotun and Oyekanmi Nashiru,

July 2021

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
What influences uptake of alternative pest management practices by potato farmers? Evidence from six counties in Kenya

Potato pest and disease management has been dominated by chemical pesticides, despite their potential undesirable effects on the environment, food safety and human health. This study explores factors influencing intensity of uptake of alternative pest management practices among potato farmers in Kenya, through a survey of 1,002 farmers in six main potato growing counties in the country. A Poisson count model was used to...

Author(s): Idah Mugambi, Lucy Karanja, Isaac Macharia, Wachira Kaguongo, George Ngundo, Ruth Amata, Fernadis Makale, Jane Wanjiku, Duncan Chacha, Moses Nyongesa, John Wangai Kimenju, Willis Ochilo and Joseph Mulema

July 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Changes in some behavioral, hematological and biochemical indices of air-breathing Clarias gariepinus [BUCHELL, 1822] exposed to pharmaceutical effluent

This work aimed at evaluating the behavioral, biochemical and hematological effects of pharmaceutical effluent in laboratory population of Clarias gariepinus using a static renewal bioassay system. Fish specimens were collected and exposed to five (0.04, 0.06, 0.08, 0.10 and 0.12 mgL-1) sublethal concentrations of the effluent including a control experiment. Different dose dependent behavioral responses such as erratic...

Author(s): Ogundiran M. A. and Ayandiran T. A.

July 2021

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Sustainable dryland management strategy in Buleleng Regency of Bali, Indonesia

The research objective was to formulate a sustainable dryland management strategy in Buleleng Regency, Bali Province. The results showed that the effective strategies were namely: (1) Utilizing available dryland to increase the quantity and quality of agricultural production; (2) Utilizing the research results of research institutes of the Ministry and University related to dryland; (3) Attracting investors to invest in...

Author(s): Made Sri Sumarniasih and Made Antara

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