Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63455 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

June 2024

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Genetic diversity assessment of lowland and upland rice varieties of Mali using microsatellite markers

Rice (Oryza sativa) is a crucial staple food globally, and understanding the genetic diversity of both lowland and upland local rice varieties is essential for their effective management, conservation, and efficient utilization in varietal improvement programs. In the present study, a total of 58 rice varieties, comprising 9 uplands and 49 lowlands, were sourced from the Lowland Rice Breeding Program of the Regional...

Author(s): Sognan Dao, Diakaridia Traoré, Cheick Teketé, Adounigna Kassogué, Moctar Coulibaly, Oumar Ouattara, Drissa Konaté, Ibrahima Zan Doumbia, Rokiatou Fané, Amadou Hamadoun Babana and Oumarou Goïta

June 2024

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Assessment of the impact of socio- demographic status and maternal age on pregnancy outcomes: Cross sectional study in a major tertiary maternity hospital in Sudan over a two-year period

There is a relationship between adverse pregnancy outcome and low socio demographic status. However, maternal age alone is capable of affecting pregnancy outcome for both mothers and their newborn. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of socio- demographic status and maternal age on perinatal outcome in women who delivered in Omdurman Maternity Hospital (a major maternity unit in Sudan with over 30 thousand...

Author(s): Sarahdafa Alla, Babiker Rahamtalla, Zuhair Sharfi and Badreldeen Ahmed,

June 2024

African Journal of Marketing Management
Social media celebrities and materialism influence on compulsive buying behaviors

This study investigated the relationship between a consumer's celebrity worshiping and their values orientation for materialism and its role in shaping their tendency toward compulsive buying. The study sample of 336 consumers from different cities in Saudi Arabia was analyzed. Despite the significant research on the impact of social media on people's lives, little is known about the extent to which social media...

Author(s): Badrea Saleh Al Oraini

June 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Tolerance profile of therapeutics at the Abidjan Cardiology Institute (CÔTE D’IVOIRE)

Tolerance of treatments is an important factor in compliance and quality of care for various pathologies. The objective of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of adverse events observed in patients at the Abidjan Cardiology Institute (ACI).  This descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study involved 200 patients of all ages who were undergoing drug treatment for cardiovascular diseases or other...

Author(s): Manan Siméon YOBO-BI, Kanga Sita N&#;ZOUE, Mankoh Yves-Cédric KEE, Diemon Linda KPEA, Massiré TOURE, Cheick Oumar DIALLO and Mamadou KAMAGATE,

June 2024

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Lognormal distribution for social researchers: A probability classic

This academic article aims to present the lognormal distribution clearly, accompanied by an example applied to sexual behavior, facilitating understanding among social researchers. This distribution, characterized by positive skewness, thin shoulders, and heavy tails, serves as a robust probability model for various social and behavioral variables. It is developed from its two-parameter format, a location parameter...

Author(s): José Moral de la Rubia

June 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Estimating and forecasting red meat consumption and production in Saudi Arabia during 2022-2030

The study aims to predict domestic consumption and the production of three meat species (cattle, goats, and sheep) between 2022 and 2030. All series data in addition income per capita as exogenous variable are stationary at the first difference. So vector autoregressive model with exogenous variables  was applied, according to information criterion ( ) the  model of order  without an intercept term and a...

Author(s): Emad S. Aljohani, Abdul Aziz Al Duwais and Mahmoud Mohamed Mahmoud Alderiny

June 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of rhizobium and nitrogen fertilizer for the control of bacterial blight in green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties

Bacterial blight is a serious disease affecting green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), impacting all growth and yield parameters and potentially causing a yield loss of about 40%. Inadequate information exists on the evaluation of nitrogen fertilizer potential on bacterial blight diseases in green bean cultivars. The aim of this study was to assess the potential of nitrogen fertilizer in managing bacterial blight disease...

Author(s): Manju B. Evelyn, Ache T. Neh and Azah N. Bihwih  

June 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of vertical hydroponic structures compared to planting in soil under different light conditions

The aim of this research was to evaluate the performance of small-scale vertical hydroponic structures compared to indoor planting in soil under different light conditions. Fordhook Giant Swiss chard (Spinacea oleracea) was grown for 2 cropping seasons. It was hypothesized that there would be no significant difference in the biometric attributes of the plants grown hydroponically and those grown in soil under different...

Author(s): Zikhona Buyeye, Gareth Lagerwall, Aidan Senzanje and Sipho Sibanda

June 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Morphometrics and carcass production of Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) under intensive production system

The aim of this study was to determine the carcass production and obtain linear models for the estimation of live weight of Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus), reared under intensive system. Three-year-old crocodiles destined for slaughter were restrained, stunned and thereafter, the spinal cord severed instantly. The live weight of each crocodile was measured and the corresponding morphometric measurements were...

Author(s): Bob Mali, Lillian Owembabazi, Celsus Sente and Sam Okello

June 2024

Journal of Fine and Studio Art
Ceramic art exhibition and digital remediation: Reflections on the Iwo Awolo project in the time of COVID-19

This paper examines the challenges and prospects encountered in transforming a planned physical exhibition, Iwo Awolo, into a digital one using photos and videos. The art exhibition was a solo event held at the peak of the COVID-19 lockdown protocols in South Africa, featuring mainly installations comprised of ceramics. Tactility, three-dimensional viewership, and the construction and deconstruction of disparate art...

Author(s): May Okafor

June 2024

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Formulating efficient and affordable feeds for Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) based on locally available ingredients in Benin, West Africa

An affordable feed for the growth of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) juveniles was developed in Benin as an alternative to high-cost imported feed. Initially, locally available fish feed ingredients were inventoried. Subsequently, six feed formulas (Feeds 1 to 6) were developed using linear algebra software, and the feeds were pelleted using a locally built extruder. The protein content of the formulated feeds...

Author(s): Adékambi D. Adéyèmi, Adéchola P. P. Kayodé, Ifagbémi B. Chabi, Abdel-Fadel Alamou, Martinus J. R. Nout and Anita R. Linnemann

June 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Relationship between trace element concentration and condition index in bivalves from lagoons in Ghana

The study investigated the seasonal relationship between the Condition Index (CI) and concentrations of six trace metals in the tissues of three bivalves: Crassostrea tulipa (n = 275), Anadara (Senilia) senilis (n = 310) from two 'open' lagoons (Benya and Ningo), a 'closed' lagoon (Sakumo), and Perna perna (n = 155) from rocky shores adjacent to Benya and Sakumo. These bivalves were analyzed for their...

Author(s): Fred A. Otchere

June 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Phytochemical study and evaluation of the antimicrobial activities of three plants in the treatment of typhoid fever in Togo

Typhoid fever, an infectious disease impacting millions worldwide, has led to the utilization of a traditional medicine recipe in Togo consisting of Carica papaya, Cocos nucifera, and Persea americana. This study aimed to assess the phytochemical properties and antimicrobial activities of the traditional medicine recipe against typhoid fever. Qualitative tests, employing characterization reactions, were employed to...

Author(s): Yao HOINSOU, Luckman GBATI, Fo-doh Clefasse KOULA, Sossawè POLI, Ablam ALOGNON, Minyo Ega Sossa MONTANT, Tibangue DOUMONGUE, Akouétévi Gérard TOUDJI, Efui Holaly GBEKLEY, Bouraïma DJERI and Damintoti Simplice KAROU

June 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antimicrobial properties and antioxidant activities of pigeon pea seed protein hydrolysates

In recent times, the biological activities of enzymatic digests of plant and animal proteins have been investigated and have been shown to exhibit multidirectional effects against microorganisms involved in the pathophysiology of a number of diseases. The present study evaluated the antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of pigeon pea protein hydrolysates. Proteins were hydrolyzed using the enzymes pepsin, trypsin and...

Author(s): O. E. Ekun, W. K. Aribisala, R. G. Ekun, A. O. Olusola, S. O. Bada and O. S. Bakare

June 2024

Journal of African Studies and Development
Exploring women’s resilience in doing business during the covid-19 pandemic - A phenomenological study

The Covid-19 pandemic has led world governments to take measures in stopping its spread and minimize its victims. This has affected businesses of all categories, including that of women (micro business) of selling fruits and vegetables in Rwanda’s Kimironko markets. This study investigated how these women did business before, during, and after the lock down, the challenges they faced, the reasons for resilience,...

Author(s): Patrick Gatsinzi and Livingstone Byandaga

June 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Analysis of the determinants of asymmetric cost behavior: Theoretical foundation and implications

This paper investigates the foundational theories and empirical evidence surrounding cost behavior and asymmetric cost behavior, exploring their implications for managerial decision-making, budgeting procedures, performance evaluation systems, and overall organizational performance. Through a thorough review of relevant literature and theoretical frameworks, as well as an analysis of empirical evidence, the study...

Author(s): Sadri Lohrasp

June 2024

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
The heart of transformative operations: How to sustain institutional change

This paper distills the heart of transformative operations into four core values, essential for sustaining institutional change over the long term. With reference to institutions in Africa, an overview of the transformation achieved since the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 was provided. The researcher then observes that while transformational leadership facilitated the establishment of modern nations in the relatively...

Author(s): Allan D. M. Bukusi

June 2024

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Performance evaluation of three selected dryland maize cultivars under different agronomic practices in the Amahlathi Local Municipality, Amathole district, Eastern Cape: A synergetic approach

Despite the availability of numerous genetically improved maize cultivars, farmers in the Amahlathi Local Municipality (ALM) frequently grow locally available and inexpensive cultivars due to financial constraints and lack of agronomic skills and knowledge, resulting in low maize productivity. Consequently, an on-farm experiment was conducted in Donqaba village to evaluate the performance of three selected dryland maize...

Author(s): Azile Dumani, Simphiwe Mhlontlo, Sibongiseni Silwana, Tembakazi T. Silwana and Awonke Sonandi

May 2024

African Journal of Food Science
Effectiveness of household-installed bio-sand water filters in Morogoro, Tanzania

This study assessed the handling and effectiveness of Bio-Sand-Filters (BSFs) in filtering water for human drinking purposes in households within Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania. Water microbiological parameters (such as Escherichia coli, total viable counts (TVC), and total coliforms) and physico-chemical properties (including turbidity and pH) were analyzed before and after filtration. Escherichia coli levels were...

Author(s): Jamal Bakari Kussaga and Neema Moirana

May 2024

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Okun's law using structural change with threshold approach: Empirical evidence from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

This paper employs the structural change with threshold approach to empirically verify Okun's law in the DRC. Utilizing quarterly data, the findings robustly support the existence of Okun's law in the DRC, albeit with a coefficient lower than that originally proposed by Okun. Moreover, the results reveal that the Okun coefficient in the DRC fluctuates significantly over time, irrespective of the economy's...

Author(s): Morisho Mwanabingo Nene, and Minane Mpore Matthieu

May 2024

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Adoption of online reservation systems (ORS) among star-rated hotels in Accra: A cross-sectional study

This study was conducted to identify the forms of Online Reservation Systems (ORS) adopted by star-rated hotels in Accra Metropolis, Ghana. A cross-sectional design and questionnaire were used to gather data from 183 reservation/front office managers of the star-rated hotels through a census. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test of independence, Factor analysis, and Binary logistic regression were used for the...

Author(s): Peace Ankor, Moses Kwaku Golly, Awusiedu Reginald and Adam Issahaku

May 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Clinical and parasitological evaluation of cutaneal lesions in Mesocricetus auratus infected with Leishmania amazonensis

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is an infectious-parasitic disease that is vector-transmitted by female Phlebotomus species through a blood meal. The drugs recommended by the Ministry of Health show moderate efficacy and numerous adverse reactions, making it necessary to develop new drugs. However, it is essential to establish new and vibrant diagnostic techniques detecting and quantifying the parasites in experimental animals...

Author(s): Bruno Bezerra Jensen, Claudia Dantas Comandolli-Wyrepkowski, José Fernando Marques Barcellos, Aline Fagundes da Silva, Paula Figliuolo da Cruz Borges, Rebecca Sayuri Barbosa Hanada, Francimeire Gomes Pinheiro, and Antonia Maria Ramos Franco  

May 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
An in vitro evaluation of the antileishmanial and cytotoxic activity of methyl gallate associated with conventional treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a non-contagious infectious-parasitic disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania sp. It is considered a neglected tropical disease and involves public health issues because it affects socially vulnerable populations. The therapy recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Health as the standard treatment for CL presents numerous challenges. Therefore, it is necessary to look for...

Author(s): Rebecca Sayuri Barbosa Hanada, Bruno Bezerra Jensen, Richaelly Pinheiro dos Santos, Paula Figliuolo da Cruz Borges, Francimeire Gomes Pinheiro, Mayara Arguello da Silva, Ana Caroline dos Santos Castro, Juliana Maria de Morais and Antonia Maria Ramos Franco  

May 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Evaluation and validation of limited sampling strategy for estimating individual exposure of mycophenolic acid in renal transplant children receiving concomitant tacrolimus

Limited sampling strategies (LSS) for estimating the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in renal transplant children receiving concomitant tacrolimus have been developed, but they have not yet undergone full validation. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the predictive performance of previously published LSS of MPA in an independent pediatric population and to...

Author(s): BROU Nguessan Aimé, TE BONLE Leynouin Franck-Olivier, BALAYSSAC Eric, N’ZOUE Kanga Sita and SANGBEU Bertrand

May 2024

Journal of African Studies and Development
Religious indoctrination and poor resource management: A critical examination of the Nigerian and African context

The religious landscape in Nigeria, characterized by the dominance of Islam and Christianity, has witnessed a surge in religious indoctrination, driven by extreme interpretations of religious texts. This phenomenon has implications for social cohesion, exacerbating existing tensions along ethnic and religious lines. Additionally, the questionable management of resources by religious leaders further complicates the...

Author(s): Adams E. Ukeyima

May 2024

International Journal of English and Literature
Exploring the effects of integrating a research-led activity in the English pronunciation class: An evaluative study with Argentinian pre-service teachers

The present study aimed to examine the effect of implementing a Research-Led Activity (RLA) on the development of phonological awareness in students of a university-level English course in an English teaching program in Mar del Plata, Argentina. Seventeen students, aged between 19 and 26 years, with English language proficiency levels ranging from B2+ to C1, participated in the study. At the time of the research,...

Author(s): Pedro Luis Luchini and Debora Galante

May 2024

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Initial greenhouse observations on use of coal char as a soil amendment: Influences on plant growth and soil water holding capacity

A greenhouse study was conducted to begin testing the use of coal char (CC) as a soil amendment. CC is a solid, porous activated carbon material resulting from high-temperature pyrolysis of coal. The objectives of this preliminary trial were to evaluate the impacts of different concentrations of CC added to the soil (0% (control), 1, 5, and 10% (v/v)) on plant biomass yield and soil water holding capacity (WHC). The...

Author(s): Resham B. Thapa, Sean X. Tang and Peter D. Stah

May 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of incorporating the pulp of the fruit of Detarium microcarpum Guill & Perr. on the quality of the traditional malt-based drinks in West Africa

Detarium microcarpum is a forest plant widely used in West Africa. However, it is little known and used for food. This study aims to assess the beneficial effect of incorporating the pulp of the fruit of D. microcarpum on the quality of the traditional malt-based drinks. Thus, the objective was to produce traditional drinks based on composite flour of D. microcarpum pulp and malt, then to characterize these drinks on...

Author(s): Akouloukihi Damien TCHATCHA, Andriano Jospin DJOSSOU, Dossou Awokou OKOUMASSOU, Yann MADODE, Kifouli ADEOTI, Fidèle Paul TCHOBO, Guy Alain ALITONOU, Frédéric HOUNDONOUGBO and Mansourou Mohamed SOUMANOU

May 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Optimization of the sensorial quality of Saka Saka, a dish made from cassava leaves

The goal was to improve Saka Saka's sensory quality. The study analyzed Saka Saka samples by pre-treating cassava leaves, mixing ingredients, and optimizing color, odor, and taste. The data was analyzed using Minitab 17.3.1 software, with replicates varying. The sensory evaluation of Saka Saka samples showed acceptable characteristics, with scores ranging from 5 to 8. The most appreciated characteristic was color,...

Author(s): Bertin MIKOLO, Fanny GANONGO-PO, Michel ELENGA and Kedar TSOUMOU

May 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Pathogenic and molecular characterization of Pseudocercospora griseola, the causal agent of angular leaf spot of common bean, in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

Angular leaf spot (ALS) caused by Pseudocercospora griseola is the most economically damaging common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) foliar disease in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and elsewhere in Eastern and Central Africa. Information regarding pathotypes distribution and genetic structure that would enable development of appropriate control measures is still lacking in DRC. The study aimed to investigate the...

Author(s): Kijana Ruhebuza, Mathew Abang, Richard Edema, Clare Mukankusi, Fred Kato and Robin Buruchara

May 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phenology and growth response of maize and groundnut to different spatial arrangement and intercropping systems

Field trials were carried out at the research field of AAMUSTED in two cropping seasons (2021 and 2022) to determine the effect of intercropping groundnut varieties with maize using different spatial arrangements on phenology and growth. A 3 x 3 factorial experiment arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD), plus four sole crops replicated four times, was used. The treatments were: (i) groundnut varieties...

Author(s): Isaac Ntekor, Margaret Esi Essilfie, Harrison Kwame Dapaah, and Samuel Ebo Owusu

May 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of manure and variety on growth and yield of maize under managed water stress at Salima in Malawi

Drought and low soil fertility are the primary constraints to maize productivity in Malawi. An experiment was conducted at Lifuwu Agricultural Research Station in Malawi during the 2016 dry season under furrow irrigation to evaluate the impact of goat manure application and drought on the growth and grain yield of the hybrid DKC8053 variety and the synthetic ZM523 variety. These varieties share a maturity period ranging...

Author(s): S. K. Nambuzi, V. H. Kabambe, W. G. Mhango, M. F. A. Maliro and J. M. Bokosi  

May 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Adaptability evaluation of US-developed soybean recombinant inbred lines in Rwandan conditions

About 70% of the Rwandan population live on agriculture-related activities. Soybean is among the selected priority crops that are supported by the government through the agriculture sector subsidy program. However, the national production and yields per hectare remain very low compared to other countries such as the USA. Yet demand for soybean products and byproducts is increasing. On the list factors limiting soybean...

Author(s): Daniel Niykiza, Tarek Hewezi, Tom Gill, Carl Sams, Tessa Burch-Smith and Vince Pantalone  

May 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The impact of organic fertilizer on maize, field beans, and cabbages within the agricultural landscape of Kenya: An assessment of efficacy on sustainable development goals

The study aimed to address the reduced production in agriculture and offer better opportunities to farmers for a sustainable future through organic farming aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals. Data were collected on the growth performance and yield of three crops (cabbage, field beans, and maize) from six sites: Mau Narok, Mwea, Limuru, Molo, and Njabini, between April and October, 2017. The results of the...

Author(s): Eunsung Lee and Ibrahim Tirimba Ondabu  

May 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of partial substitution of Noug (Guizotia abyssinica) seed cake with graded levels of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) hay on growth performance and carcass characteristics of yearling rams

A feeding trial was conducted using sainfoin hay at 0, 10, 20 and 30% on a dry matter basis of inclusion to yearling rams placed on, T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively, to substitute Noug seed cake in concentrate (wheat bran + Noug seed cake + common salt + wheat straw as a basal diet). Yearling 24 rums were selected on the basis of age and weight similarity and randomly assigned to the four treatments in...

Author(s): Dinku Getu, Solomon Demeke, Taye Tolemariam and Mesfin Dejene  

May 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Honeybee pests, predators and diseases in the selected districts of Bench-Maji and Sheka zones, Southwest Ethiopia

This study evaluates the honeybee pests, predators and diseases in the selected districts of Sheka and Bench Maji zones. A cross sectional study design was used in the study. Four hundred and twenty households were involved in the study and 35 were randomly selected using stratified random sampling techniques from each purposively selected twelve kebeles. Specimens were collected from a hive of 72 households for...

Author(s): Teshome Gemechu, Elias Bayou and Tirusew Teshale

May 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Resistance profile of bacteria isolated from Broncho alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with severe acute lung disease at the University Hospital Center of Cocody in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

This study aimed to characterize the microorganisms responsible for severe acute respiratory infections in adult patients hospitalized at the University Hospital Center of Cocody in Abidjan. The biological material consisted of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Isolation and identification of bacterial strains, along with susceptibility testing, were performed using standard microbiological techniques. The bacteria...

Author(s): Sopi Anne-Michèle Sandrine N’chott, Victoire Gadou, Marc Olivier Koffi, Abalé Anatole Toty, Kigninlman Horo, Adèle Kacou-N’douba, Allico Joseph Djaman, and Hortense Faye-Kette,

May 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
A metagenomic analysis reveals changes in the bacterial community structure due to infection by the rice yellow mottle virus

This research aimed to explore the pathobiome to enhance the understanding of the roles played by disease-associated microbes. A comparative analysis of microbiomes in rice samples was conducted to shed light on the potential impact of the rice yellow mottle virus on microbiome composition. Forty samples were collected from rice fields of the Office du Niger in Mali. Bacterial DNA was extracted at the LaboREM-Biotech...

Author(s): Kangaye Amadou Diallo, Mamadou Wele, Doulaye Dembele, Thomas Shier, Trevor Gould, Sognan Dao, Aïssé Bah and Amadou Hamadoun Babana

May 2024

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Pollen extracts from the Soconusco region: Chemical profile and effect against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Pollen has been widely known to have beneficial properties for humans, including fighting harmful microorganisms. On the other hand, bacterial resistance is an obvious global problem that has increased over the years. For this reason, the study of the antimicrobial properties of substances such as pollen could play an important role in this area. The present work focused on evaluating the antimocrobial effect of pollen...

Author(s): Eduardo Lozano Guzmán, Luis Ángel Morán Núñez, Maribel Cervantes Flores, Adolfo Padilla Mendiola, María Guadalupe Nieto Pescador, Gerardo Alfonso Anguiano Vega, Víctor Jesús Albores Flores, Alfonso López García and Julieta Grajales Conesa  

May 2024

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical profile and quality control of complex herbal mixtures used to prepare slimming drinks, commercialized in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil

Traditional herbal products with multiple associated plant species and weight loss claims are widely consumed. The inadequacy of these resources to health standards, the lack of supervision, and the analytical obstacles involved in their investigation are challenges and reasons for this research. In this sense, this study aimed to characterize the profiles: Phytochemical, physical, physicochemical, and microbiological,...

Author(s): Ferdinando Lucas Góis, Danilo Moreira Vilas Boas, Gislane Oliveira Ribeiro, Gildeon Silva Marques, Luciano Morais Lião, Mariângela Vieira Lopes Silva, Ademir Evangelista do Vale and Erika Maria de Oliveira Ribeiro  

May 2024

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antioxidant, urobactericidal, and antibiotic modulating activity of a parasitic medicinal plant: Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.

The therapeutic potential of age-old Indian herbal remedies needs immediate scientific validation against urogenital problems. This study investigates the antibacterial efficacy of the methanolic extract of Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. stem through multiple diffusion techniques and the zones of inhibition (ZOIs) are expressed in millimeters. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is found to be 1.25 mg/mL against...

Author(s): S. Rani Tripathy, N. Susmita Pradhan and Sarita Das

May 2024

Educational Research and Reviews
Classroom teachers' perceptions of their own digital literacy

Starting from early childhood, children require proper guidance for their spiritual, physical, and mental development, as well as for fostering awareness of digital environments and achieving academic success.Classroom teachers play an important role in helping students become aware of digital environments and acquire effective digital literacy skills. The data of this study, which was conducted to examine the...

Author(s): Hatice Degirmenci Gündogmus

May 2024

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Spatial distribution of Chinese churches in the early 21st century

The development of Christianity in China has garnered significant interest from scholars across various disciplines, including religion, sociology, economics, and political science. This paper examines the spatial distribution of Chinese churches in the early 21st century using 10,579 samples collected from WebGIS. Two methods for analyzing spatial patterns, kernel density estimation, and spatial autocorrelation, are...

Author(s): Kun Zhang and Songlin Zhang

May 2024

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Sentinel-2 visible and near-infrared reflectance signature data for mapping potential geolocations of curb cuts in Hillsborough County, Florida

A curb cut is a ramp that connects the sidewalk to a street crossing, thereby making it accessible for physically disabled pedestrians. Initially, ArcGIS Pro and machine learning algorithms in Python was utilized to classify a dataset of curb cut spectral signatures, leveraging Sentinel-2 imagery with a 10-m resolution. Initially, multispectral visible and near-infrared (NIR) Sentinel-2 sensors, along with machine...

Author(s): Heather McDonald, Namit Choudhari, Kayleigh Murray, Leomar White, Brooke Yost, Joseph Bohn and Benjamin Jacob

May 2024

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Estimation of porosity and specific yield from vertical electrical sounding (VES) measurements in Anambra State, Southeastern Nigeria

Estimation of porosity and specific yield was carried out from Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) measurements in Anambra State, Southeastern Nigeria. The study area lies within longitudes 06° 38I 00IIE and 007° 15I 00IIE and latitudes 05° 42I 00IIN and 006° 45I 00IIN with an area extent of about 4844 km2 (1870 ml2), underlain by formations within two geological basins. It falls within the Anambra River...

Author(s): Austin C. OKONKWO, Chidiebere H. NNAMANI, Anthonia N. NWOBODO, Ejiofor C. EZIKE, Chigozie I. AGANIGBO and Victor O. MBAH.  

May 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Micro and nanobubbles aided membrane processes

The efficacy of micro and nanobubbles (MNBs) in membrane processes, particularly in the realms of cleaning and foul control, has been previously established. However, a comprehensive review of the distinctive attributes and mechanisms that render MNBs effective in these tasks remains unclear, hindering their optimization for enhanced performance and widespread application across membrane types. This critical review...

Author(s): Nachael Mwanga, Li Pan, Salum Kamota and Chanuka Maheshani

May 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Sources of organ mineral and mineral fertilization on production components of soybean crop

Climbing large productions/productivity is the result of assertive management, primarily associated with plant nutrition through soil fertilization. Another bottleneck in agricultural production, not yet fully elucidated in the literature, is the most appropriate method of fertilizer application, aiming to reduce environmental degradation, lower production costs, enhance nutrient absorption in the soil, and achieve high...

Author(s): Filipe Ribeiro da Mata, Cristiane Ribeiro da Mata, Roberto Gomes Vital and Zeuxis Rosa Evangelista

May 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Robot taxation: The scrapping of automated checkout machines

This paper examines the recent trend among major retailers to scrap self-checkout machines in favor of returning to human cashiers, exploring the underlying reasons beyond customer dissatisfaction and inventory shrinkage. Through quantitative analysis of tax incentive reversals and their impact on capital investment decisions, we investigate the role of tax policy changes, specifically the expiration of accelerated...

Author(s): Bret Bogenschneider

May 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Predictors and measurement of tax management behavior: A conceptual paper

This study aims to develop a conceptual model demonstrating the predictors and measures for tax management behavior. The study also proposes the mediating role of management accounting systems in the model. A deductive approach was utilized to propose that board effectiveness, managerial competencies, and management accounting systems are predictors of tax management, while strategic responses serve as construct...

Author(s): Zainabu Tumwebaze, Stephen K. Nkundabanyanga, Laura Orobia and Irene Nalukenge

May 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
COVID-19 induced economic uncertainty and value relevance of accounting information: European evidence

This study aims to investigate the impact of the pandemic-induced economic uncertainties on the relevance of earnings among European firms. Using the explanatory power approach, we ascertain the change in explanatory power as a measure of a change in value relevance of earnings before and during the pandemic. Alternative methodology involving the use of an interaction term is used to ensure the robustness of the...

Author(s): Eunice Yaa Cudjoe and Isaac S. Awuye

Page 1 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63455 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50