Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1186, showing 50 records out of 59256 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

June 2020

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
Factors associated with irregular consumption of fruits and vegetables among health professionals in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) are an essential food group for humans and prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study is to know the level of consumption of F&Vs by health professionals in Ouagadougou and their determinants. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from May to August 2016 in the Central Region of Burkina Faso. It included 442 health workers according to...

Author(s): Yewayan Larba Berenger KABORE, Jean TESTA, Aristide Romaric BADO, Anyovi FOLLY and Souleymane KABORE  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Control of papaya fruits anthracnose by essential oils of medicinal plants associated to different coatings

Chemical pesticides have been commonly used for the control of various plant diseases. Although pathogens can be controlled with the application of these products, there are hazardous impacts in human health and environment. In parallel, essential oils have been shown to be effective in plant diseases management and can be safely incorporated as suitable alternatives for synthetic fungicides. Therefore, the aim of this...

Author(s): Bruna Leticia Dias, Priscila Fonseca Costa, Mateus Sunti Dakin, Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mou rao, Felipe Rocha Dias, Rosangela Ribeiro de Sousa, Ped ro Raym undo Argiielles Osorio, Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Fabricio Souza Campos and Gil Rod rigues Dos Santos  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
The effects of aqueous extract of Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth in the immune functions of thymocytes and B-lymphocytes

Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth (Fabaceae) is a tree species used in folk medicine against inflammatory disorders, and it is still unclear whether consumption of the B. virgilioides stem bark extract has any effect on immune cells. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of B. virgilioides stem bark extract (AEBv) on the functions of the thymus and B lymphocytes. The AEBv was obtained by decoction and administrated...

Author(s): Maria Danielma dos Santos Reis, Larissa Fernanda de Araújo Vieira, Altair Rogério Alves Brandão, Emiliano Barreto, and Salete Smaniotto,  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Hydroethanolic stem bark extract of Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Asteraceae) suppresses yeast-induced pyrexia and Plasmodium berghei malaria in murine models

Vernonia amygdalina has been widely utilized in Ghana and other West African states for numerous parasitic infections, diabetes and some inflammatory conditions. In this study we evaluated the antipyretic and antimalarial properties as well as in vitro antioxidant activities of an ethanolic stem bark extract of V. amygdalina (VAE). The antipyretic effect of VAE was assessed using Baker’s yeast-induced pyrexia and...

Author(s): Anna Kwarley Quartey, Yakubu Jibira, Arnold Forkuo-Donkor, Isaac Ayensu, Adwoa Agyakoma Oduro-Kwarteng, Sussana Emi-Reynolds Asuamah and Patience Noah  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial, cytotoxic, and schistosomicidal activities of the methanolic extract from Cassia grandis L.f. (Fabaceae) stem bark and its fractions

Cassia grandis L. (Fabaceae), a native tree from Amazon Forest, has been used in folk medicine against worms and intestinal parasites, and to treat stomach and respiratory problems, blood diseases, among others uses. This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, and schistosomicidal activities of the methanolic extract from C. grandis stem bark (CgME) and to elucidate the chemical profile of...

Author(s): Luciméri Paulino Machado Magalhães, Bárbara Azevedo Ramos, Márcia Vanusa da Silva, Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia, Kêsia Xisto Fonseca Ribeiro de Sena, Túlio Diego da Silva, André de Lima Aires, Mônica Camelo Pessôa de Azevedo Albuquerque, Gardênia Carmen Gadelha Militão, Teresinha Gonçalves da Silva, Renata Mendonça Araújo, Julianna Ferreira Cavalcanti de Albuquerque and Rafael Matos Ximenes  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Biological properties and therapeutic applications of cannabidiol

Cannabis sp. has important pharmacological activities, so it has been the focus of attention of the scientific community. Through the search for new drugs, it was found that cannabinoids present in the plant can modulate transient potential receptors (TPR). Cannabidiol (CBD), also known as “medical marijuana”, represents the second most abundant phytocannabinoid of the Cannabis plant and it is widely used in...

Author(s): Elanne Costa Glória, Adriana Idalina Torcato de Oliveira, Juliana Fonseca Moreira da Silva and Raphael Sanzio Pimenta,  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition and biological potentials of Lebanese Cupressus sempervirens L. leaves’ extracts

The essential oils and defatted ethanolic extracts isolated from Cupressus sempervirens L. leaves collected from two geographically distinct regions in Lebanon; Beit El-Dein (mountain) and Jbeil (sea-side) were analysed for their chemical composition by GC/MS and qualitative phytochemical screening, respectively. These were then tested for their in-vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Fourteen and eighteen...

Author(s): Layal Anka, Hassan Rammal, Ahmad Kobeissi and Hamid Bou Saab  

May 2020

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Economic importance of termites and integrated soil and water conservation for the rehabilitation of termite-degraded lands and termite management in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, termites pose serious threat to a variety of agricultural crops, forestry, rangelands, houses and other wooden structures. Termite problem is particularly prevalent in the western part of the country, where it has persisted for many years and has received wide publicity. Termites appeared in the region for the first time in 1904 at a specific place called Bafano Koreche around Kiltu Kara town in West...

Author(s): Daniel Getahun Debelo  

May 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-nociceptive effects of the hydroethanolic extract of Alysicarpus ovalifolius in rodents

Alysicarpus ovalifolius commonly known as gadagi in Northern Nigeria is claimed to possess tonic effects. Substances that show stimulant properties have demonstrated analgesic effects. This study therefore aimed at investigating the anti-nociceptive effects of the hydroethanolic extract of A. ovalifolius (HEAo) in mice and rats. The activities of the extract on acetic acid induced abdominal writhing, formalin induced...

Author(s): Lucy B. John-Africa, Angela M. Danborno, Miriam G. Tikinade and Nazizi Kayinu  

May 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Elemental contents of some medicinal plants using energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF)

The presence of some elements in ten plants with anti-microbial potency was analysed using x-ray fluorescence technique. The results showed there were nineteen elements in these plants. They all contain Pb, a toxic heavy metal, except one that contains As.  K, S, Ca, Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Ni, Mn and Se elements were identified and their anti-microbial properties were discussed. Key words: Energy dispersive x-ray...

Author(s): Alfred Djoman Djama AGBO, Aka Joseph N’GOUAN and Georges Alain MONNEHAN  

May 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition and bioactivity of essential oil from Morinda citrifolia L. fruit

Morinda citrifolia has aroused the interest of several research institutions due to its pharmacological properties. The compounds biosynthesized can be explored as an alternative for control measures of plant pathogens causing leaf lesions in maize. The study aim at evaluating the potential effects of essential oil obtained from ripe fruits of M. citrifolia on Bipolaris maydis and Exserohilum turcicum isolated from...

Author(s): Ronice Alves Veloso, Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Bruna Letícia Dias, Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mourão, Renisson Neponuceno de Araújo Filho, Rhayk Sales Lira Glória, Alessandra Macedo Barros, Tatiani Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Vanessa Mara Chapla, Alex Sander Rodrigues Cangussu,  Stella de Castro Santos Machado and Gil Rodrigues dos Santos  

May 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Healing and topical anti-inflammatory activities of the total aqueous bark extract of Combretum glutinosum Perr. (Combretaceae)

Combretum glutinosum Perrot. Ex DCs (Combretaceae) is a plant used in Senegalese traditional medicine. Its trunk barks are used to treat burns and wounds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the healing effect and topical antiinflammatory activity of the aqueous bark extract of C. glutinosum in second degree burn and croton oil induced ear edema in mice. Phytochemically, the aqueous bark extract of C. glutinosum...

Author(s): Madièye Sène, Firmin Sylva Barboza, Abdou Sarr, Alioune Dior Fall, Yacine Ndione and Guata Yoro S. Y.  

May 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro cytotoxic and anti-herpesvirus properties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam., Moraceae) leaf extracts

The jackfruit tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) is considered one of the most versatile trees and is used from wood production to traditional medicine. In traditional medicine, leaves are used to treat asthma, wounds and abscesses, and prevent ringworm infection. Several biological activities have been documented for jackfruit extracts confirming its popular use; however, its in vitro cytotoxicity and...

Author(s): Dhierllate Ferreira de Sousa, Maria Judite Bittencourt Fernandes, Rosilene Aparecida de Oliveira, Pedro Costa Campos Filho, Luciana Debortoli Carvalho and  Aline Oliveira da Conceição  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Potential causes of postharvest losses, low-cost cooling technology for fresh produce farmers in Sub-Sahara Africa

The aim of this review was to identify the causes of postharvest losses (PHL) in fruit and vegetables in relation to small-scale farming in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The reduction of PHL can improve food security at household level. Farmers involved in small-scale production of fresh produce experience high PHL due to physiological deterioration associated with technical, biological and environmental factors and lack...

Author(s): Sipho Sibanda and Tilahun Seyoum Workneh  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Risk assessment of the economic efficiency of rubber production: Case of smallholder rubber production in QuangBinh Province, Vietnam

The paper reviews the economic risk of rubber production due to fluctuations of input factors, product price, natural disasters, epidemics, interest rates, and market demand. The data collected in this work were analyzed with accounting of production costs methods and accounting results and production efficiency method, benefit-cost analysis, sensitivity analysis and scenario analysis. QuangBinh, a province in Vietnam...

Author(s): Tu Luc Tran  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nitrogen value of stockpiled cattle manure for crop production

Cattle manure is a common source of fertilizer throughout Sub-Saharan Africa given problems with supply and pricing of inorganic fertilizers. The optimum rate of manure to use is often unknown and further compounded by variable N contents arising from long periods of stockpiling. This study investigated the rates of cattle manure required to optimize plant growth at different N contents arising from different storage...

Author(s): Innocent Muhereza, Deborah Pritchard, Roy Murray-Priorand David Collins  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Role of farmers’ organizations (FOs) in the strengthening of the technical and organizational capacities of farmers in Mezam Division of the North West Region of Cameroon

This study was carried out from January 2018 to March 2019 in Mezam Division of the North West Region of Cameroon on the role of farmers organization (FOs) in the strengthening of the technical and organizational capacities of farmers, particularly the case of the Program for the Improvement of Competiveness of Family Agro-pastoral Farms (PCP-ACEFA) and the North West Farmers’ Organization (NOWEFOR). The objective...

Author(s): Kenette FRU MBANGARI, Mathias Fru FONTEH and Guillaume Hensel FONGANG FOUEPE  

May 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
DPPH radical scavenging activity of extracts from Urtica urens (Urticaceae)

In this study, hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts from leaves, stem-bark and root of Urtica urens were evaluated for their antioxidant activity by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay. The hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts from leaves of U. urens showed scavenging activity ranging from 7.06±2.52 to 26.01±1.84, 10.86±1.81 to...

Author(s): Rets’epile Paul Matamane, Manoharan Karuppiah Pillai and Sibusisiwe Magama  

May 2020

International Journal of English and Literature
Hesitancy as an innate flaw in Hamlet's character: Reading through a psychoanalytic lens

This paper concentrated on hesitancy as a character's flaw from the Freudian psychoanalysis focal point. Hamlet's uncertainty is especially identified with his natural complex which frames his oblivious love for his mom and his lethal abhor for his dad. Freud's ideas of man's concealed want for annihilation and eradication may shape the reason for understanding Hamlet's craving for death and suicide...

Author(s): Abdul Mahmoud Idrees Ibrahim  

May 2020

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Hypoglycaemic activity of preheated (roasting) Aframomum citratum (C. Pereira) K. Schum and Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach & Thonn.) fruits beverage on Streptozotocin-induced rats

Tetrapleura tetraptera and Aframomum citratum fruits are used as spices and in the traditional pharmacopeia in Cameroon. They are mostly combined and preheated for many purposes while cooking. The effects of roasting on the phenolic content of spices, phenolic profile of a beverage made with the mix of roasted spices and its hypoglycaemic activity on diabetes complications were investigated. Aqueous extract (infusion:...

Author(s): Eyenga Manga, Takuissu N. G. R., Ziyyat A., Ngondi J. L. and Sindic M.,  

May 2020

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Usefulness of urinary fibronectin and laminin as biomarkers of glomerular injury in diabetics in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

About one-third of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients are complicated by diabetic nephropathy. It is even more challenging in type 2 DM in which this complication may occur before presentation. Microalbuminuria which is the traditional marker of early diabetic nephropathy is limited in its usefulness because it is detected when significant renal damage has already occurred. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare...

Author(s): Michael Chinwe Orih and Christopher Chinedu Obiorah  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of maize (Zea mays L.) performance under minimum and conventional tillage practice in two distinct agroecological zones of Uganda

Maize is one of the major staple foods in Uganda, providing over 40% of Uganda’s daily calorie consumption. Tillage practice is one of the crucial factors that influence crop productivity through maintenance of soil health. The aim of this study therefore is to validate the effect of tillage practice on the vegetative growth and yield of maize in Uganda. The trial was established on-station at Ngetta Zonal...

Author(s): Bongomin Lawrence, Acipa Alexandrina, Wamani Sam, Sseremba Godfrey and Opio Samuel Morris  

May 2020

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Technical efficiency of rice farmers in Anambra State value chain development programme

The study is aimed at determining the technical efficiency of rice farmers in Anambra State value chain development programme. A well-structured questionnaire was administered to elicit information from 372 rice farmers from the five participating Local Government Areas (Ayamelum, Awka North, Anambra West, Anambra East, and Orumba North) after which only 337 respondents were fit for the study. Cobb Douglas stochastic...

Author(s): Obianefo Chukwujekwu A., Nwigwe Cecilia A., Meludu Theresa N. and Anyasie Ikechukwu C.  

May 2020

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Evaluation of forest litter mineralization capacity on the growth of Irvingia gabonensis in Ogwashi-Uku Forest Reserve, Delta State, Nigeria

The study evaluated litter production capacity of three forest plantation foliage litters as potential mineralization sources for the growth of Irvingiaga bonensis. Litter production capacity of Bamboo, Teak and Gmelina forest plantations was monitored for 70 days before Irvingia seeds were sown in open germination beds containing litters soil samples for vegetative development assessment. Data collected were analyzed...

Author(s): Egwunatum A. E., Dolor D. E. and Umeh P. C.  

May 2020

African Journal of Oral Health Sciences
Pregnancy epulis: Case series among pregnant women in Kaduna, Northern Nigeria

The aim of this work is to report the clinical presentation and management of pregnancy epulis (PE) among pregnant women that attended ante-natal clinic in Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna, Northern, Nigeria. Three hundred and twenty self-administered, structured questionnaires were administered to pregnant women that attended ante-natal clinic in Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna. Intraoral examination was...

Author(s): Omisakin O. O., Mohammed-Durosinolorun A., Fomete B. and Adze J.  

May 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Chemical characterization of seeds of Amazon fruits as nutritional contribution with functional medicinal potential

The fruit seeds of the Northern Amazon Region were evaluated bromatologically and nutritionally in terms of the level of macro- and micro-elements and fatty acids present in them. Bromatologically, the seeds of camu-camu (369.08 kcal 100 g-1) and biribá (364.78 kcal 100 g-1) have the highest energy value. In terms of the macroelements, the highest concentration was potassium (554.23 mg 100 g-1) seen in graviola,...

Author(s): Ismael Montero Fernández, Selvin Antonio Saravia Maldonado, Vany Perpetua Ferraz, Ricardo Santos Alemán, Jhunior Abrahan Marcia Fuentes and Antonio Alves de Melo Filho

May 2020

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Evaluation of kinetics and equilibrium studies of biosorption potentials of bamboo stem biomass for removal of Lead (II) and Cadmium (II) ions from aqueous solution

The discharged of lead and cadmium above maximum permissible limits into surface water and environment without any pre-treatment methods has caused severe heath challenges to humanity. In other to minimize the reoccurrence, this research aim to ascertain biosorption capacity of bamboo stem biomass to remove lead and cadmium from aqueous solution. Batch experiment and data evaluation under optimum removal conditions...

Author(s): Olayinka John Akinyeye, Tope Babatunde Ibigbami, Olubunmi Oluwakayode Odeja and Omoniyi Moses Sosanolu  

May 2020

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Vitellaria paradoxa fruit pulp bioethanol production potential: A review

In the last decade, bioethanol has become a powerful biofuel for the improvement of environmental pollution such as reduction in greenhouse gas levels. Yet, the source and type of substrate material plays a crucial role in the bioethanol production process due to the different compositional characteristics and availability of monomeric sugars. Different substrates of first, second and third generation fuel sources exist...

Author(s): Abdul-Mumeen Iddrisu, Zakpaa Hilary D., Felix Charles Mills-Robertson and Lowor Samuel T.  

May 2020

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Evaluationof in vivo toxicity of rice husk used as fuel for cooking in households

This study meant to assess the toxicological impact of nourishment cooked or water overflowed with a fan-helped top-lit-updraft rice husk fuelled gasifier stove named Paul Olivier 150 (PO150). Refined water was bubbled for 1 h utilizing this stove in an opened pot and shut room. This water was then cooled to room temperature before being managed to the rodents with body loads going from 70 to 110 g. Two kinds of tests...

Author(s): Mbassi Josiane Emilie Germaine, Sali Atanga Ndindeng, Achu Mercy Bih Loh, Dimo Théophile and Mbacham Fon Wilfred  

May 2020

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Allelic variability of oil palm inter-population progenies based on simple sequence repeats markers

The genetic structure and variability was described among 52 oil palm inter-population crosses after two selection cycles using simple sequence repeats markers (SRR). The 10 sets of SSR markers covering 62.5% of the oil palm genome showed a high level of polymorphism (average number of alleles per locus = 6.7; unbiased expected heterozygosity = 0.655; G”st = 0.346) across the oil palm samples. On the basis of...

Author(s): Okoye Maxwell N.,, Uguru M. I., Bakoumé C. and Singh R.  

May 2020

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Assessing the impact of ecotourism on livelihood of the local population living around the Campo Ma’an National Park, South Region of Cameroon

Ecotourism has been reported as a sustainable measure of bridging conservation goals and livelihood sustenance around protected areas, with very little information on the Campo Ma’an National Park (CMNP). This study was initiated to assess the impact of ecotourism activities on the livelihood of the local population living around the CMNP. Data were collected with questionnaires through household surveys and focus...

Author(s): Gadinga W. Forje, Tchamba N. Martin, Barnabas N. Nfornkah, Nyong P. Awazi Chimi C. Djomo, Diabe E. Sone and Reeves M. Fokeng  

May 2020

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Potential of ten wild diploid cotton species for the improvement of fiber fineness of upland cotton through interspecific hybridization

Cotton is the highest source of natural fiber in textile industry worldwide. With the modern spinning technologies, the demand for cotton fiber with higher quality has increased, making the genetic improvement of fiber quality one of the main challenges for cotton breeders. In cotton breeding, wild species are important source of several desirable genes for genetic improvement of the main cultivated cotton Gossypium...

Author(s): N’Guessan Olivier KONAN, Jean Pierre BAUDOIN and Guy MERGEAI  

May 2020

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Establishment of an early selection method (criteria) for breeding in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

Populations with high genetic variability are targeted by breeders as they create opportunity for selection and genetic improvement. To achieve this, multiple populations are created, but resources are often scarce. This calls for identification of populations with the desired traits at early generation. The study was carried out at MUARIK in seasons 2017A and 2017B on 135 F2 and 40 F3 cowpea populations respectively...

Author(s): Avosa Oside Millicent, Orawu Martin, Ongom Obia Patrick, Dramadri Onziga Isaac, Rutayisire Amandin, Osundwa Cynthia, Paul Gibson and Edema Richard  

May 2020

Journal of Cancer Research and Experimental Oncology
Prevalence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and its associated factors among women attending healthcare services in Eastern Uganda

Cervical malignancy is still the leading cause of death for middle-aged women in the developing world. In Uganda, literature has shown that, cervical cancer incidence and death rates was 45.6 and 25 per 100,000 women respectively. However, the actual magnitude of cervical malignancy in Uganda might be higher since most of the cases are never reported. This study assessed the prevalence of cervical intraepithelial...

Author(s): Emmanuel Eilu, Adamu Almustapha Aliero, Martin Odoki, Julius Tibyangye, Saheed Adekunle Akinola, Ibrahim Ntulume, Okweny David, Matilda Angella Okech, and Charles Drago Kato,  

May 2020

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Customs and traditional management practices of coastal marine natural resources in Lower Casamance: Perspectives of valorisation of endogenous knowledge

In southern Senegal, specifically in Lower Casamance, many marine and coastal resources are of significant sociological importance for Jola populations. They are essential both for worship and for sustenance. Thus, through different customs and practices, the Jola helps to preserve their natural environment, even if their primary motivations were hardly conservation. Perceptions, beliefs, and avoidance practices with...

Author(s): Claudette Soumbane Diatta, Amadou Abdoul Sow and Malick Diouf  

May 2020

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Tree’s spatial pattern, diversity and distribution in sub humid mountains ecosystems in south-west Togo

West African Guinean forests are among the most diverse and threatened ecosystems in the world. The study aims to provide new insights about tree species patterns, abundance, and diversity for better management in Togo. Species diversity and density of trees were assessed in 170 plots randomly selected in the study area. Each tree with DBH >10 cm was identified and measured. Stem density, basal area, and diversity...

Author(s): Fifonsi A. DANGBO, Komla E. ABOTSI, Kossi ADJOSSOU, Atsu K. Dogbeda HLOVOR, Kouami KOKOU and Juergen BLASER  

May 2020

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Causes of organ condemnations in cattle at slaughter and associated financial losses in Siaya County, Kenya

Cattle production is an important economic activity worldwide. Its potential, however, is not fully maximized owing to disease conditions, some causing condemnation and wastage of edible organs at slaughter and a threat of zoonoses. This work aimed at establishing definitive causes of organ condemnation and financial losses in cattle from three slaughterhouses (Kaumara, Siaya, and Ugunja) in Siaya County, Kenya, through...

Author(s): A. M. Achollah, D. N. Karanja, C. J. Ng’ang’a and L. C. Bebora  

May 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Comparative effect on liver fibrosis of bicyclol and silymarin

Bicyclol and silymarin are widely used in the treatment of various liver diseases; however, there is no report on comparative effect of them on liver fibrosis. To compare their liver protective effect, liver fibrosis rats induced by bile duct ligation (BDL) were orally treated with 100 mg/kg bicyclol and 100 mg/kg silymarin respectively for 4 weeks. Liver index, liver function activities, inflammatory biomarkers,...

Author(s): Liping Wang, Li Zhang, Kelan Gan, Xiaoping Hua, Ying Xiao, Yikun Shi and Zhenghuai Tan  

May 2020

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Heavy metal pollution status and risk assessment on area with artisanal mining activities

This study was undertaken to re-evaluate the heavy contamination level of Bagega community which recorded acute lead poisoning in 2010 and was reclaimed between 2010 and 2012. The levels of the following heavy metals (Zn, Pb, Hg, As and Cd) was measured in sixteen sampling sites around Bagega and its environs using Varian AA240 Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The assessment of pollution was achieved using the...

Author(s): Uzoekwe Anayo Stephen and Mbamalu Maryann  

May 2020

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Performance analysis of Nigerian agricultural credit guarantee scheme: Bounds test approach to cointegration

This study examined the performance of the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme (ACGS) which is the major credit policy of the Federal Government of Nigeria. It was established in 1977 but started operation in 1978. Time series data from 1978-2014, extracted from the 2014 bulletin of the National Bureau Statistics were used for the study. Total volume and number of loans given were used to proxy the strength of the...

Author(s): Akinrinola, O. O. and Okunola, A. M.  

May 2020

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Ebola and its yet unproven therapeutic regimens

Ebola is a viral disease transmitted by bats and a species of rat to human. It was discovered in Zaire and latter spread to Zambia, Congo, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. The outbreak of Ebola in some parts of African countries posed therapeutic challenges, due to lack of ideal therapeutic agent against Ebola. In view of this, molecular and cellular pathogenesis of Ebola virus, therapeutic modalities as well as...

Author(s): Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan  

May 2020

Clinical Reviews and Opinions
Multiple primary malignancies: Vigilance is paramount in identification

Ever since it was first described by Billroth, there is an increasing incidence of multiple primary malignancies cases, due to increase in the survival rate of cancer patients and improvement of diagnostic tools. Incidence of second malignancies in cancer patients is 10 to 20%. A total of 10 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included. All the 10 patients’ case sheets were pursued, and the...

Author(s): Pradeep Balineni, Rekha Arcot, Sandeep Pathivada and Bharath Narayanasami  

May 2020

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil conservation techniques among arable crop farmers in Odo Otin local government area, Osun state: A multinomial logit approach

The study investigated the soil conservation techniques among the arable farmers in Odo Otin local government area of Osun State. Two-stage sampling procedure was employed for the study. Primary data were collected from 120 arable crop farmers in the Local Government Area. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics; multinomial logit regression model. Result shows that most the respondents were aware of...

Author(s): Agboola Timothy Olusola, Balogun Olubunmi Lawrence, Ayantoye Kayode, Akinwole Oladele Timothy and Ayo-Bello Taofeek Ayodeji  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment and characterization of mung bean (Vigna radiata) bacterial brown spot in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia

Mung bean is one of the major early maturing pulse crop grown all over the world including Ethiopia.  The production of the crop in Ethiopia, however, suffers from many diseases caused by bacteria. The study aims to assess the intensity and identify the major foliar bacterial and fungal pathogens of the crop. Purposively, 3 districts and randomly 90 mung bean fields were surveyed during the study period....

Author(s): Besfat Belay Teferie, Merkuz Abera Admasu and Gezahegne Getaneh Damessa  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agro-morphological response of some groundnut genotypes (Arachis hypogaea L.) in water deficit conditions

Groundnut is a crop that can be grown under varied production conditions (in intercropping or rotation with cereals). In Niger, the production of groundnut is decreasing over the year due to drought and low soil nutrients. In this work, an agro-morphological evaluation of five groundnut genotypes (55-437, ICG12697, ICG4750, JL24 and ICG8751) under water deficit was carried out in order to identify the best performing...

Author(s): TOUDOU DAOUDA Abdoul Karim, ATTA Sanoussi, INOUSSA Maman Maârouhi, HAMIDOU Falalou and BAKASSO Yacoubou  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phytophthora seedling blight disease of cacao and its control measures

Symptoms of Phytophthora seedling blight disease of cacao were found on 3 weeks old cacao seedlings at the nursery of Seed Production Division of Ghana Cocoa Board in New Tafo-Akim during routine surveys of cacao diseases in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Survey of seedlings in the nursery was conducted to determine disease incidence (DI). Heat sterilization of soil and drenching with Ridomil Gold plus 66 WP (6%...

Author(s): Asare Eric Kumi, Ishmael Amoako-Attah and Yahaya Bukari  

May 2020

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Watershed delineation and morphometric analysis using remote sensing and GIS mapping techniques in Qena-Safaga-Bir Queh, Central Eastern Desert

The development of drainage basins to raise aquifer potentiality is considering the major target in Qena-Safaga-Bir Queh (central Eastern Desert). It is attributed to drought, scarce groundwater resource, expansion of agriculture, growth population, infrastructures, and civilization. Geological, hydrogeological, and morphometric information is used to prepare the drainage development plan and strategy. The morphometric...

Author(s): Mohamed ElKashouty,  

May 2020

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Evaluation of a novel ionic demulsifier in the treatment of selected Niger Delta crude oil emulsions

Emulsion treatment is one of the major challenges in crude oil production, transportation and processing. It has great impact crude oil quality, refining costs and environment. The use of chemical demulsifiers is a widely accepted procedure in the industry. However, demulsifiers used in treatment of crude oil emulsions in Nigeria industries are imported. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a new...

Author(s): E. B. Mepaiyeda, A. A. Ofoegbu, S. O. Isehunwa and A. A. Akinola  

May 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Selenium in Caprine feeding, its transference to the milk and relation with other minerals

The experiment was performed in the campus of the State University of Alagoas, in Santana do Ipanema, in the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil. This work is aimed at studying the transferences of Se from animals’ food to milk in various levels of offers and its correlations with Ca, P, Mg and soluble Fe. The work also analyzed the somatic cells counts, total bacteria count and chemical composition of milk: Fat,...

Author(s): José Crisólogo de Sales Silva, Luiz Carlos Caetano, Fabio Sales de Albuquerque Cunha, Conceição Maria Dias de Lima and André Maia Gomes Lages  

May 2020

Educational Research and Reviews
Context-specific inclusive education: A local perspective on the enterprise

Inclusive education is moulded by local factors. A qualitative case study was used to explore professionals’ perceptions of inclusive education (IE) practice in local schools along with interventions for a support model in the schools. Observations, focus group interviews and individual interviews were used to collect data from teachers, school principals, curriculum advisors and psychologists in Capricorn South...

Author(s): Leuba Mphahlele

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