Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1206, showing 50 records out of 60283 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Financial inclusion: Is it a precursor to agricultural commercialization amongst smallholder farmers in Uganda? A comparative analysis between Lango and Buganda sub-regions

This study examines the contributions of financial inclusion in supporting agricultural commercialization amongst smallholder farmers in Uganda in Lango and Buganda sub-regions. The researcher adopted a comparative study and cross-sectional survey design where descriptive, bivariate and multivariate data analysis was used. Chi square procedure was run to test the hypothesis that financial inclusion does not affect...

Author(s): Marus Eton, Fabian Mwosi, Mary Ejang and Sammy Godfrey Poro

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Institutional factors of inclusive growth: Evidence from Côte d’ivoire

Economic growth is important but not sufficient to generate a sustainable increase in individual welfare. Inclusiveness attributes to growth, the dual virtue of widening the space of economic and social opportunities; while ensuring a better application of distributive equity. In this perspective, Ali and Son suggest that growth is inclusive when combined with high income and equity. This study tries to verify this...

Author(s): Wilfried Catin Botchuin

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Capital structure, credit risk management and financial performance of microfinance institutions in Uganda

The paper examines the relationship between capital structure, credit risk management and financial performance of microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Uganda based on agency theory. The study adopted a cross–sectional research design to examine 64 MFIs in Uganda. Correlation and multiple regression analysis were performed to analyze the data. The results reveal that credit risk management significantly contributes...

Author(s): Geresem Orichom and Michael Omeke

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Multidimensional measures of deprivation in Tunisia

The multidimensional apprehension of poverty is largely accepted today given the considerable contribution to understanding and acting against the manifestations of this phenomenon. Amartya Sen’s capability approach is the basis of the recent developments on the subject. In this perspective, the present work aims to study the application of multidimensional deprivation measures on Tunisian data. This paper...

Author(s): Oula Ben Hassine and Mohsen Sghairi

January 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
The trend of aetiologies of chronic emaciation in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis

Chronic emaciation reflects the severity and duration of the aetiologies associated with a disease condition. The primary aim of this investigation was to determine the trend and most significant causes of chronic emaciation and cachexia in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis and to evaluate the clinico-pathologic findings. The study was a prospective one. In this particular study, causative factors of chronic...

Author(s): Simon Akhaine , Jeremiah Olalekan Taiwo and Ameen Saliu Akanni  

January 2021

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Influence of extracellular calcium on in vitro uterine muscle contractions stimulated by acetone leaf extract of Anogeissus leiocarpa

The effect of extracellular calcium on isolated uterine muscle contractions stimulated by acetone leaf extract of Anogeissus leiocarpa was investigated in a rat. About 12 m segment of the uterine muscle strip was mounted initially in a thermostatically regulated organ bath (37°C) containing normal Physiological Salt Solution (PSS; De Jalon) and later inphysiological salt solution devoid of CaCl2. The extract...

Author(s): Mbursa Chiroma, Hannah Alim Madziga, Ijuptil Chiroma, Umar Tanko Mamza, Sanda Abba Kyari, Kwaru Mbursa Chiroma and Chukwuka Uchendu  

January 2021

Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research
Transient thermal analysis of different types of IC engine cylinder fins by varying thickness and introducing slots

Fins are extended surfaces used between two fluids for heat transfer between the hotter and colder fluid or between a solid and a fluid. There are various types of fins, viz. angular fins, circular fins, and rectangular fins. Engine piston chamber is the most precarious part of any automobile imperiled to extreme thermal shocks, hence prone to thermal stresses. Therefore, fins are introduced to cool the cylinder, which...

Author(s): A. N. Mohan Das, G. Harish, D. Purrab, J. Sachin and G. Suraj  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Status of parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) and its control options in Ethiopia

Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is an invasive herbaceous weed which belongs to the family Compositae. It is believed to have originated in tropical America and now occurs widely in Asia, Australia, Southern and east Africa. Parthenium has been observed to grow on road sides, gardens, waterways, in grasslands and crop fields both during the crop season and after harvest, as long as enough moisture is available....

Author(s): Zelalem Bekeko  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Makafaci and Wachangu improved doubled haploid rice (Oryza sativa) varieties recommended for lowland cultivation in Malawi

The study was conducted in 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 rainy seasons at Nanzolo, Domasi and Mkondezi in three replications using the RCBD following the Mother-Baby Trial Approach. The objective of the study was to evaluate grain yield of twelve high-yielding rice (Oryza sativa) varieties that were selected and shared from elite Doubled Haploid germplasms of a Collaborative Project of KAFACI (RDA) and AGRA at Suwon in Korea...

Author(s): Elias Jeke, Tennyson Mzengeza, Kyung-Ho Kang, Lazarus Chapo, Mwai Malipa, Brian Boyce, Memory Kachingwe and Innocent Machira  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Factors affecting the adoption of mobile applications by farmers: An empirical investigation

In developing countries such as Nigeria, agriculture is the main source of livelihood with over 70% of the population engaged in farming. They are mostly smallholders and subsistence farmers with minimal use of technology and low productivity. The use of mobile applications in agriculture can potentially help smallholders access agricultural information and financial services, improve access to markets and enhance...

Author(s): Victor Okoroji, Nic J Lees and Xiaomeng Lucock  

January 2021

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Demystifying the Ivory tower syndrome in universities through the use of transformational leadership

One of the major criticisms of top management in universities in most African countries is arguably the isolation of both top management team and intellectuals from the real problems and issues of the real world and business of universities. This disconnect, often referred to as the Ivory tower syndrome, has become a source of concern. Based on experience, observations over the years on administrative practices of vice...

Author(s): V. F. Peretomode  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Supplemental value of exo-enzyme in the utilization of cassava fibre meal by broiler-chickens

This study assessed the supplemental value of Roxazyme® G2 in the utilization of cassava fibre meal (CFM) by broiler-chickens in a 56 day feeding trial. A batch of three hundred and sixty day-old Arbor acre broiler-chicks was allotted to twelve treatments replicated five times of six birds in a 4 × 3 factorial in complete randomization. Cassava fibre meal was substituted for maize at 0, 20, 40 and 60% levels...

Author(s): Simeon Ajibade Akinyele, Muyiwa Hilarious Ogunsipe and Oyewumi Nather Oyewole  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of cyanotoxins in germination, growth and DNA damages of Lettuce sativa (Lettuce) and Coriandrum sativum (Coriander)

The use of irrigation water containing cyanobacterial toxins can cause significant impacts in agricultural and consequently environmental health. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of cyanotoxins (microcystin-LR and saxitoxin) on germination, growth and micronuclei formation in lettuce (Lettuce sativa) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum). Seeds of lettuce and coriander were exposed during 7-9 days to...

Author(s): Janiele França Nery, Gleydson Kleyton Moura Nery, Adriana Guedes Magalhaes, Walclécio Lira and Salomão de Sousa Medeiros  

January 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Determinants of regional economic growth in Kenya

This research empirically explores the determinants of Kenya’s regional economic growth in the 47 counties over the period 2014 to 2017. Though economic policies aimed at enhancing regional growth were implemented, the economic performance has not been satisfactory hence the study seeks to find out what determines economic performance at the sub-national level. This research is based on the reduced Solow-Swan...

Author(s): Naftaly Gisore Mose

January 2021

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Modelling inter-urban trip flow pattern of selected cities in Niger State, Nigeria

Inter-urban travel forms one of the main spatial and economic features of any nation’s economic landscape. Understanding and forecasting inter-urban movement is a crucial input for urban and regional transportation planning. This study therefore was carried out to develop trip generation model of selected cities in Niger State. Questionnaire survey was carried in three main urban centres in the state namely;...

Author(s): OJEKUNLE Joel Ademola, OWOEYE Emmanuel and OWOEYE Adelanke Samuel

January 2021

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Measles outbreak investigation in Basso Liben District, Amhara Region, Ethiopia 2017

Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease caused by measles virus and transmitted primarily by respiratory droplets or airborne spray to mucous membranes in the upper respiratory tract or the conjunctiva. Measles is one of vaccine preventable diseases but the virus usually causes outbreaks especially among unvaccinated population.  The aim of this study was to investigate the outbreak and identify...

Author(s): Tesfaye Andualem, Sisay Awoke, Sofoniyas Getnet, Yimer Sied, Addisu Melese and Chalachew Genet

January 2021

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Genetic diversity of four populations of honey bee, Apis mellifera (Linnaeus, 1758) from two vegetation zones in Nigeria

Genetic diversity of four populations of honey bee, Apis mellifera from two vegetation zones in Nigeria namely; southwest rainforest and northcentral derived savanna was analysed using fifteen morphometric characters and five microsatellite loci. Discriminant function analysis (DFA) of the morphometric data revealed a considerable variation of morphological characters between the sampled localities while Principal...

Author(s): Michael Olufemi Awodiran, Temitope Esther Amoo and Temitope Olatayo Kehinde

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The preventive impact of vermicompost on bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) salinity resistance: An evaluation

This work aims to identify the impacts of vermicompost leachate (VCL) toward its salt resistance stress in plants. Young Capsicum annuum L seedlings were subjected to salinity (160 mM NaCl added to a nutrient solution) over a course of seven days during or following the adding of 7 mL L−1 VCL. The exposure to salt stress resulted in a notable decrease of dry and fresh leaf weights, K+ concentrations, and leaf...

Author(s): Naser Ahmadi and Elnaz Akbari,  

January 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Efficiency wage and work effort: Case study of a Brazilian multinational company

This research paper explores how employees of a multinational glass manufacturing company see the pay offered by the company and how it affects, directly or indirectly, their efforts to perform their duties. For this purpose, a case study was carried out in a glass manufacturing company located in the southernern region of Brazil throughout 2017. Literature review is focused on the theoretical model based on the idea...

Author(s): Marina Fritoli, Nathália Laffin, Carlos Alberto Bonacim, Luiz Eduardo Gaio and Rafael Gatsios

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of sixteen varieties of groundnut in two agro ecological zones in Burkina Faso for yield and tolerance to aflatoxin

In Burkina Faso, groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is produced in almost the entire country except the north. Its multiple uses make it a highly appreciated oil seeds and leguminous crop. However, the presence of aflatoxins in grains constitutes a public health risk and thus limits its marketing to international markets. The present study evaluated sixteen (16) short duration (90 days) groundnut varieties (15 varieties...

Author(s): Amos MININGOU, Sy Appolinaire TRAORE, Blaise KABRE and Sondé Ardjouma Lassina Moulaye KONATE  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Indigenous knowledge of Striga gesnerioides (Willd.) Vatke, in Burkina Faso

Striga gesnerioides is one of the major constraints to cowpea production in West Africa. In Burkina Faso, Striga is a national phenomenon despite the control measures proposed by research. This study aims to collect farmers' perceptions of S. gesnerioides. Thus, a survey was conducted among cowpea producers in 15 localities across the four agroclimatic zones of Burkina Faso. Data collected were related to...

Author(s): Pingawindé SAWADOGO, Nerbéwendé SAWADOGO, Tinga Jeremy OUEDRAOGO, Zakaria DIENI, Teyioué Benoit Joseph BATIENO, Hamadou ZONGO, Léandre PODA, Jean Baptiste De La Salle TIGNEGRE and Mahamadou SAWADOGO  

January 2021

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Manifest destiny and foreign relations: Examining the Nigeria-South Africa contradiction

This article analyses the dichotomy between potentials and capabilities with respect to Nigeria-South Africa relations and how this impinges on the leadership contest majorly involving the two countries. It observed that the international recognition accorded South Africa pitched it against Nigeria though, there are other contenders including Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia and Rwanda to mention a few for the leadership slot....

Author(s): ADETUNJI, Olumuyiwa Adebayo and ADEWUMI, Eyitayo Folasade

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of different vermicomposts and bioslurry on growth, yield and postharvest quality of statice

An experiment at Egerton University in Kenya studied effects of vermicomposts and bioslurry on growth, yield and postharvest quality in statice. Three vermicomposts prepared from Kitchen waste (V1), mowed lawn grass (V2) and Weed biomass (V3) were mixed at a rate of 40% by volume with garden soil and tested against the untreated control (V0). Bioslurry from a digester at Tatton Agricultural Park in the university was...

Author(s): Amos Nyakeyo, Mariam Mwangi and Jane Nyaanga  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Climate-Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices and its implications to food security in Siyadebrina Wayu District, Ethiopia

Climate change poses a major threat to agricultural production and food security in Ethiopia. Temperature rise and variability in rainfall patterns have had serious consequences on crop and livestock production. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is one of the solutions that simultaneously address the issues of food security, climate change and agricultural productivity. The objective of this study was to examine trends...

Author(s): Tekeste Kifle  

January 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Degradation of phytate in composite wheat/cassava/sorghum bread by activation of intrinsic cereal phytase

The objective of this study was to degrade the phytic acid content in composite wheat/cassava/ sorghum bread by activating intrinsic cereal phytases during the baking process. The aim was to reach a phytate:iron molar ratio <1 in order to achieve an enhanced iron absorption in humans. Means to activate the phytase included dough preparation at different pH values and temperature as well as pre-soaking of the sorghum...

Author(s): Serafina Lídia Vilanculos, and Ulf Svanberg

January 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Women, start your engines: US and UK media portrayal of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia women driving ban

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) was the only country to ban women from driving until a royal decree changed this in June 2018. The controversy before and after the ban gained media attention and is the foundation for this study, examining how US and UK media covered the women driving ban. Framing theory and thematic analysis were used to examine 80 articles randomly chosen from 10 prominent and most trusted US and UK...

Author(s): Saud A. Alsulaiman, and Terry L. Rentner

January 2021

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Greenhouse assessment of microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen as influenced by compaction, Bradyrhizobium inoculation and nitrogen fertilizer application in maize-soybean cropping systems

Soil microbial biomass (SMB) is the main driving force in nutrient cycling and good indicator of soil productivity. A greenhouse experiment was designed to assess the effect of soil compaction, cropping system [sole maize, rotation 1 (inoculated soybean-maize), rotation 2 (un-inoculated soybean-maize) and intercrop 1(inoculated soybean-maize)and intercrop 2(un-inoculated soybean-maize)] and nitrogen fertilizeron soil...

Author(s): Omeke J. O., Yusuf A. A., Yakubu A. A and Umar F. G.  

January 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
News worthiness and Public trust in sub-Sahara African: Examining the impact of tabloid journalism in Zambia

This study set out to understand the role of tabloid news content in establishing public news trust in Zambia. The study compared tabloid news stories (usually frowned upon as unprofessional by most African journalists and scholars) to professional news writing styles, which are rooted in Western journalism education. Drawing from studies that critique tabloid journalism as consumed by people lacking critical abilities...

Author(s): Gregory Gondwe

January 2021

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of adoption of sustainable land management practice choices among smallholder farmers in Abay Basin of Oromia, Ethiopia

Land degradation mainly caused by soil erosion, and shades an ominous threat to the livelihood development prospects of Ethiopian smallholder farmers. In response to this, the government of Ethiopia introduced a Sustainable Land Management Program (hereafter referred as ‘SLM’), even though the adoption by smallholder farmers has been low. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the adoption of...

Author(s): Wondimu Legesse, Jema Haji, Mengistu Ketema and Bezabih Emana  

January 2021

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Effect of malaria on income of cocoa farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria

This study investigated the economic effects of malaria on cocoa farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria using the ordinary least square regression technique. Descriptive statistics were used to identify strategies to reduce malaria infection among cocoa farmers. The sample frame for the study was derived from secondary data obtained from records of Ondo State Ministry of Health on registered cocoa farmers who had malaria during...

Author(s): Eniafe David Olakunle and Oseni Joseph Olumide  

January 2021

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Severity of household food insecurity and coping strategies in Analemmo Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Hunger and undernourishment are the main challenges of today’s world. The objective of this study is to assess severity of household food insecurity and local coping strategies in the study area. Three-stage sampling technique was used to select sampled household in Analemmo woreda Hadiya Zone. A total of 200 households were selected by using systematic random sampling with proportional to population size. Both...

Author(s): Mesfin Melese and Mebratu Alemu  

January 2021

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Diversity and local use of ornamental horticultural flora in the Bangui and Begoua communes/districts, Central African Republic

Ornamental plants are still one of the components of plant biodiversity, due to their beautiful flowers or folia, fruits and, shape that are of aesthetic, economic and cultural interest for people. The purpose of this study is to make an inventory of ornamental plants and their local uses in the municipalities of Bangui and Bégoua areas that can be used to establish a database of horticultural flora of Central...

Author(s): Kosh-Komba E., Semboli O., Touckia G. I., Oualengbe K. L., Mololi A. and Akpagana K.  

January 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnomedical survey of plants used for the management of HIV and AIDS-related conditions in Mbulu District, Tanzania

The aim of this Study was to document medicinal plants used in the management of HIV and AIDS-related conditions in Mbulu District. An ethnomedical survey was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire. The main HIV and AIDS-related conditions considered during this study were; cough, frequent fevers, diarrhea, weight loss, oral thrush, genital warts, candidiasis, abscesses, skin rashes, shingles and venereal...

Author(s): Alphonce Ignace Marealle, Mainen Moshi, Ester Innocent, Michael Qwarse and Kerstin Andrae-Marobela  

January 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical study of selected medicinal plants used for the treatment of respiratory diseases in Southern Brazil

This survey explored the ethnobotanical uses of selected medicinal plants; Adiantum raddianum C. Presl. (Pteridaceae), Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Brown (Verbenaceae) and Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae) used for respiratory diseases in Southern Santa Catarina (Brazil). This is timely as the incidence of respiratory disease is increasing in this state. Information was obtained through both interviews using a...

Author(s): Marília Schutz Borges, Michele Darós Freitas, Paula da Silva Cardoso, Vanilde Citadini- Zanette, Silvia Dal Bó and Patrícia de Aguiar Amaral  

January 2021

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Resource sharing among academic law libraries in Nigeria: Exploring the practicability so far

Nigerian law libraries, despite the intervention of Council of Legal education, are still not endowed with every resource needed to satisfy information needs of diverse users. This is coupled with the fact that Nigerian universities are still struggling to manage insufficient funds normally received from government. Resource sharing as a means through which organisations interchange and share their meagre resources for...

Author(s): OGBA, Chidinma Onwuchekwa and IKEAZOTA, Onyedikachi Lilian

January 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Pre-hospital management of childhood convulsions in Ilesa, South-west, Nigeria

Convulsion evokes a lot of fear in mothers and caregivers whenever it occurs. They even think that their child is dying. Many interventions are  often carried out because of anxiety and limited knowledge. The aim of this study is to examine the interventions instituted by caregivers for children with convulsions before presentation in the hospital for treatment. We prospectively studied all the 276 children that...

Author(s): Olubosede Omolayo Adebukola, Oseni Saheed Babajide, Aladekomo Theophilus Adesola, Bello Olaseinde Emmanuel , Akinlosotu Morenike and Okunnuga Ndidi Aishat  

January 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Investigation of high school students' internet addiction levels using various variables: The case of Giresun Province

The aim of this study is to investigate the internet addiction levels of high school students using various variables. The research consists of a total of 962 students (452 girls and 410 boys) studying at different high schools in Giresun in the fall semester of the 2019 to 2020 academic year. The research data were obtained using the general survey model. The questionnaire consists of 6 items used to determine the...

Author(s): Temel Topal

January 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Physico-chemical properties of selected Irish potato varieties grown in Kenya

Potatoes have attracted great interest as a feasible solution to food insecurity and climate change in Kenya. Many varieties have been developed but their nutritional value and suitability for domestic and industrial use are not sufficiently studied. A comparative study of physical attributes (tuber weight, size, shape, eye depth and number, specific gravity, colour) and nutrient composition (proximate, minerals,...

Author(s): Evelyne N. Gikundi, Daniel N. Sila, Irene N. Orina and Ariel K. Buzera,

January 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Alcohol yield from various combinations of cassava and sweet potato flours

The use of cassava and sweet potato separately as raw materials for ethanol production in the recent past has been demonstrated. The search for the optimum processing conditions to hydrolyse and ferment sugars from the starches in cassava and sweet potato is well studied. The effects of substrate, temperature, enzyme types and concentrations, the reaction times of saccharification and fermentation were investigated for...

Author(s): Komlaga G. A., Oduro I., Ellis W. O., Dziedzoave N. T. and Djameh C.

January 2021

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Raw, activated and modified biosorbents for the speciation of C. I. acid red 2 from aqueous solutions: An adsorption study

Adsorptive removal of C. I. Acid Red 2 dye in the aqueous solution has been carried out on the various surfaces. This study describes the comparative adsorption of dye using mustard cakes (MC), sugarcane bagasse ash (SBA) and leaves of water hyacinth (WH) in different forms. The effects of initial adsorbate concentration, contact time, adsorbent dosage, temperature and pH of the medium on the adsorption of C. I. Acid...

Author(s): Richa Sharma, Soami P. Satsangee, Sudhir K. Verma  

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Gender differences in urbanization willingness: Evidence from Henan, China

In this work, Henan is taken as a typical study area to assess the level of gender differences of urbanization willingness in China; Henan population structure is a small representation of the whole country. Using data of Henan migrant workers' citizenization research in 2017, the evaluation index system of Henan migrant workers' urban integration degree was established based on the Maslow's demand theory....

Author(s): Zhiyong Chang and Pingjun Hou

January 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Comparison of chemical composition of fruit pulp of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) Benth from differents ecoregions

Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) Benth commonly called néré in French-speaking Africa is a semi-domesticated indigenous tree with a multi-purpose and highly appreciated use. Its pod-shaped fruits contain a yellowish floury pulp, eaten raw or used to make drinks, couscous and for raw or cooked dough. The objective of this study was to determine the profiles of minerals (Fe, K, Mg, Zn, Ca), beta-carotene, protein,...

Author(s): Dao Aboubacar Sidiki, Parkouda Charles, Traoré MA Esther, Aimée WDB Guissou, Barbara Vinceti, Céline Termote, Mattia Manica and Bassolé Imael Henri Nestor

January 2021

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis and associated risk factors among patients living in “Vallée du Kou” in Burkina Faso one year after treatment

In Burkina Faso, most reported Schistosoma infections are related to urinary schistosomiasis and focus on school-aged children. Here, we aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis and associated risk factors among patients in “Vallée du Kou” in Burkina Faso one year after treatment with praziquantel. A longitudinal study involving 980 participants of both sexes aged 6 to 80 years...

Author(s): Nina Gouba, Issaka Zongo, Hermann Sorgho, Alassane Haro, Coulibaly Sié Bienvenu Franck, Olivier O. Sombié and Jean Bosco Ouédraogo    

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A comparative economic analysis of aquaculture production systems in Southern Agricultural Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria

This study was undertaken to determine the factors that influence the output of aquaculture production and the profitability of three production systems (concrete tank, earthen pond, and mobile tank) in Southern Agricultural Zone of Cross River State. A multi-stage stratified random sampling technique was used to select 140 farmers from three LGAs in the study area. Structured questionnaire was used for data...

Author(s): Etuk, Ekanem Abasiekong, Ogban, Gloria Onette and Idiong, Christopher Idiong  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The effect of multi-component fertilizer and lime application on yield of common bean in Western Kenya

Soil acidity and micronutrient deficiency is a major constraint affecting common bean production in Western Kenya. Farmers in the region have access to the two fertilizers Mavuno and Sympal fortified with different micronutrients and recommended for legumes; however, the performance of beans in the region remains low. A field experiment was, therefore, conducted in two sites in Nandi county, western Kenya, to determine...

Author(s): Shadrack C. Kipngetich, Samuel M. Mwonga and John O. Ojiem  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A review of food buffer system for urban areas: Case study of Jakarta

Food is a human basic need and its provision should be secured by the government. In this regard, the government must control the stability of food price particularly in urban areas in which its food demand depends mostly on food supply from surrounding areas as a food buffer. However, the current food buffer system for urban areas has not been able to stabilize food price volatility experienced every year. This is...

Author(s): Agung Hendriadi, Benny Rachman and Arif Syaifudin  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth, phenology, yield and yield attributes of rice as influenced by tillage, residue and nitrogen management practice in Chitwan, Nepal

A field experiment was conducted in three factorial strip-split-plot design to evaluate the effect of two establishment methods (EM) [transplanted in puddled soil (PuTPR) and direct seeded in zero tillage (ZT-DSR)], two residue levels [residue kept at 3 t ha-1 (RK) and residue removed (RR)] with two nitrogen doses [recommended dose (100 kg N ha-1) (RD) and farmers' dose (50 kg N ha-1) (FD)] with six replications on...

Author(s): Arjun Bastola, Tika Karki, Santosh Marahatta and Lal Prasad Amgain  

January 2021

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Prevalence of substance abuse and use among Australian youth: A literature review

The frequency of abusing substance and its use is a pervasive one. The study sought to ascertain the burden of using substance and abuse among the Australian youth. Secondary sources were employed, offering a vivid representation of the non-ending problem of using substance and abuse among the Australian youth. A literature review was conducted using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...

Author(s): Edmund John Kwadjo Adjei and Keith Wilhite

January 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
The potential effect of depression on academic outcomes of students in higher educational institutions of northwest Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study

The purpose of this study was to document potential effect of depression on academic outcomes. We collected a cross sectional data from 710 pre-engineering university students in northwestern part of Ethiopia using cluster sampling. Depressive symptoms were assessed using a locally validated version of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) at a cut off 5-9 and 10 or more indicating mild and major depressive symptoms,...

Author(s): Tesera Bitew and Wohabie Birhan

January 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Mobile phone technology for increasing banana productivity among smallholder farmers in Uganda

This study aimed at assessing the level of mobile phone use in Ugandan agricultural extension, and to establish the extent to which mobile phone Viamo’s 3-2-1 service, hosted by Airtel Uganda, was being accessed and how the facility can be improved to boost banana productivity. The results of the study indicate that use of mobile phones for increased banana productivity were dependent on age, gender, household...

Author(s): William Tinzaara, Elias Oyesigye, Christophe Bocquet, Jamie Arkin, and Vincent Johnson  

Page 1 of 1206, showing 50 records out of 60283 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50