Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1242, showing 50 records out of 62100 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

August 2022

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Characterization of native, acetylated and enzymatically modified amura starch (Tacca involucrata) for tablet binding

This research is aimed at producing alternative starch used for tablet binding from amura tuber. The microbiological load and physicochemical properties of native and modified amura starches were determined using plate counting method and standard method of BP. Amylose and amylopectin content of native and modified amura starches were determined using spectrophotometric method. Binding and disintegrant abilities of...

Author(s): Abubakar M., Dickson  M. A., Egwim C. E,., Bilkisu M. I.,  Murtala  Y., Lawal  I and Aliyu B. S  

August 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
The place of education in social development and its sociological foundations

Equipping people with desired behaviors, that is, educating them, has been the most important goal throughout the ages. Today, this phenomenon is becoming more and more complex and its effect is felt more intensely. However, unless a person's behavior develops in a valid and reliable way, it is not possible to reach a longed for life style. A person can be intertwined with all kinds of processes, from the most...

Author(s): Öztürk Eray, Kardas Mesut, Sapmaz Ali, Dönmez Ugur, Sahin Ìlhan  and Çölkesen Arif 

August 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Effects of Whatsapp group learning platform on senior secondary schools students’ learning outcomes in Science, Technology, and Mathematics (stm) in Ekiti State, Nigeria

The study investigated the effects of the WhatsApp Group Learning Platform (WGLP) on Senior Secondary School (SSS) Students' Learning Outcomes in Science, Technology, and Mathematics (STM) in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The sample comprised 100 SS II students from two public secondary schools in Ekiti State who were randomly selected from their classrooms. A multistage sampling technique was used to pick the sample. Data...

Author(s): Ajayi Lois Folasayo and Olajide Ibironke E.

August 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of termites as protein supplement for indigenous chicken on smallholder farms in Siaya County, Kenya

Smallholder indigenous chicken (IC) production systems have been associated with low productivity thereby contributing to food insecurity and reduced livelihoods.  Despite this scenario, smallholder IC producers have been harvesting and feeding termites supplementarily. This study determined the demographic characteristics that influence the use of termites as protein supplement for indigenous chicken by...

Author(s): Caroline Majuma, Reuben O. Mosi, Kenneth Otieno and Alpha Masemba  

August 2022

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Adoption of electronic commerce by agribusiness small medium enterprises in the upper east region of Ghana

Technological evolution has triggered more advanced market-based approaches to the transfer of goods, services, and information. In Ghana, Agribusiness small-medium enterprises' electronic commerce adoption is concentrated in Accra and Kumasi. This study spotting the research gap in Agribusiness small-medium enterprises' electronic commerce adoption selected the Upper East Region for the study. The study is...

Author(s): Selorm Omega, Selorm Akaba, and William Ghartey  

August 2022

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its metabolites in house dust, soil and selected food crops from indoor residual sprayed areas of Apac and Oyam Districts, Uganda

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) levels and its metabolites are reported in 75 soil and 75 vegetable samples from the vicinity of homesteads sprayed with DDT during indoor residual spraying (IRS) pilot exercise, carried out in 2008 in Apac and Oyam districts, Uganda as a measure to control malaria. The samples were randomly and conveniently collected in 2020 from selected villages of the districts, extracted using...

Author(s): Paul Mukasa, John Wasswa, Proscovia Namuyomba and Emmanuel Ntambi  

August 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Fathers looking after children in Türkiye in public settings

This study was conducted to determine the situation in Türkiye in terms of fathers looking after their children in public settings. For this purpose, natural observations of parents who came to playgrounds, movie theaters, stores, toy stores, and restaurants with their children aged 3–5 years were made in the study. Observational data were collected from 522 children and parents who came to the shopping mall...

Author(s): Tutkun Cansu 

August 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of the residual effect of bioslurry effluent on biological yield and nutritional content of swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L.)

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the residual effect of inorganic fertilizer and bioslurry application on biological yield and nutrient content of Swiss chard. The study was conducted at Döhne Agricultural Development Institute (DADI) (32°31’ 34.077” S; 27°27’ 37.473” E) in Stutterheim, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Following planting and harvesting of two Swiss chard cultivars...

Author(s): Azile Dumani, Tembakazi T. Silwana, Babalwa Mpambani, Retief P. Celliers and Mongezi M. Mbangcolo  

July 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
IFRS-9 adoption and income smoothing nexus: A comparison of the post-adoption effects between European and Sub-Saharan African Banks

This paper compares the post-adoption effects of IFRS 9 on the income smoothing behavior of banks in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa. The researchers extend their analysis to examine the effect of country-level governance on income smoothing. Using a sample of listed commercial banks in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa, the authors employ varying econometric tests and panel regressions to investigate the hypotheses. The...

Author(s): Taylor Daniel and Aubert François 

July 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using crude leaf extracts of Acacia nilotica, Azadirachta indica, Carissa spinarum, Melia azedarach, Senna didymobotrya and Warburgia ugandensis, and their antifungal activity against Sporisorium scitamineum

Bio-synthesised silver nanoparticles are effective in controlling several micro-organisms. They are correspondingly environmentally friendly, affordable, and easy to synthesise when compared with chemically synthesised silver nanoparticles. This study investigated the efficacy of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles against the fungus Sporisorium scitamineum, the causal agent of sugarcane smut. The reduction of silver...

Author(s): Nkhabindze Bongani Z., Wanyika Harrison N., Earnshaw Diana M. and Ateka Elijah M.,

July 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Vegetation dynamics in a fragile ecosystem in relation to land use: The case of the dune cordon of Namaro, southwestern Niger

In southeast Niger, the degradation of the environment led to the reactivation of moving dunes that threatens infrastructure, fields, and river with silting. To stabilize the dune cordon of Namaro, which is heavily cultivated and grazed, anti-erosion devices: living hedges and grassland has been developed. The objectives of this work are then to characterize the impact of grassland and hedges on floristic diversity and...

Author(s): IDE Issoufou, TOURE Amadou Abdourhamane, NOMA Halarou, RAJOT Jean Louis, HASSANE Bouba, TIDJANI Adamou Didier and  GARBA Zibo

July 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Waste-to-wealth; nutritional potential of five selected fruit peels and their health benefits: A review

Waste-to-wealth is a notion describing the process of transforming waste, an end product to get rid of, into potential value-added products. The total global food waste is predicted to be approximately one third of the edible parts of food manufactured for human consumption, amounting to about 1 - 3 billion tonnes per year, which is equivalent to the total food production in sub-Saharan Africa; 842 million...

Author(s): Gbenga-Fabusiwa Funmilayo Joy, Jeff-Agboola Yemisi A, Ololade Zacheeus Sunday, Akinrinmade Remilekun and Agbaje David Olusegun

July 2022

Journal of African Studies and Development
Time spent by women and men in households on economic and care activities during productive hours in Morogoro District, Tanzania

Using a cross sectional survey, this study investigated variations in time spent between men and women in economic productive and non-economic reproductive activities in a rural environment in Morogoro District in Tanzania. The study investigated 323 married or cohabiting women between the ages of 15 and 49 who lived in six villages across three wards. To determine the time expenditure disparity between men and women,...

Author(s): Kwigizile Edith T., Mahande Michael J. and Msuya John M.

July 2022

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Satisfaction with childbirth care: Correlations between SERVICEQUAL dimensions

The model known as SERVICEQUAL (SQ) examines the correlation between service satisfaction and the gaps that occur between customers’ expectations prior to service and perceptions after being served. The gaps are tested over five dimensions: tangibles of the service, assurance, empathy, reliability, and responsiveness of the service provider. This paper aims to examine the satisfaction of women with childbirth care...

Author(s): Iris Gertner Moryossef and Keren Or-Chen

July 2022

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and attitudes of health workers in bouake, Cote d’ivoire on zika virus disease in the context of a global epidemic

Since January, 2012, the Pacific region has faced a heavy burden of concurrent epidemics of dengue, chikungunya, and zika virus infections. In 2016, WHO developed a global response strategic framework to ensure that zika virus is a priority and accelerated area of public health research. This study conducted in Bouaké (Côte d'Ivoire) is part of this framework. The main objective was to assess the...

Author(s): S. I. Soumahoro, D. P. Kouassi, A. M. Sokodogo, M. Coulibaly, W. A. Tuo , A. D. Kouamé, S. Yéo and G. H. A. Yao,  

July 2022

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
The implementation of complementary subjects for English Course in teacher training institutes

In 2007, some curricular changes of teacher training system were initiated in Mozambique with teacher training course model 10+1. The changes included the teaching of English together with other new subjects that required the training of teachers capable of implementing them to meet the needs of primary education curriculum. In order to examine the implementation of the curricular changes in primary teachers’...

Author(s): Cuane Geraldo Joel 

July 2022

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research
FRET as a tool for the studies of structural changes in full-length bacterial phytochrome, Agp1

Bacteriophytochromes (BphPs) are light-regulated biliprotein photoreceptors widely occurring in bacteria. BphPs exists in two spectral distinct states: the red-light absorbing state (Pr) and the far-red light-absorbing state (Pfr). BphPs are composed of an N-terminal photosensory core module and a light-controlled C-terminal histidine kinase module. The detailed mechanism on how photoconversion, initiated by a...

Author(s): Njimona Ibrahim,, Ngah Yayah Emerencia, Mfopa Adamou and Nkengazong Lucia

July 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Fatty acid profiles in Chinese Maiwa yak milk across the lactation cycle

An experiment was conducted to determine fatty acid (FA) pro?les in Chinese Maiwa yak milk across the lactation cycle. Sixty-one healthy, similar weight, 4-7 years old, 3-6 parity Maiwa yaks with unrelated background were selected randomly from Hongyuan County, Sichuan province, in southwest of China (with the altitude over 3500 m). The yaks graze on natural pasture all year around without irrigation, fertilizer, or...

Author(s): Xie J. J., Zhu J. J., Ran R., and Jiang M. F.,

July 2022

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Combining local ecological knowledge and field investigations to assess diet composition and feeding habit of forest elephants in Campo-Ma’an National Park, Southern Cameroon

Forest elephants are nocturnal and elusive animals, making it difficult to perform direct observations on them. Data on elephants’ diet and feeding habit are lacking despite most forest elephants’ habitats being lost to anthropogenic activities; yet such knowledge may be important for their conservation, particularly in a human dominated landscape.  Local ecological knowledge and field investigations...

Author(s): Djoko Isaac Blaise, Weladji Robert Bertrand and Paré Patrick

July 2022

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Biochemical evaluation of autoclaved and solid state fermented tropical pasture grasses

Grass constitutes the nutritional basis for most livestock, whether domesticated or wildlife. The present study evaluates the enhancement of the nutritional value of five different pasture grasses: Palisade grass (Urochloa brizantha), Biscuit grass (Paspalum vaginatum), Giant star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus), Goose grass (Eleusine indica), and Stubborn grass (Sida acuta) for use as animal feeds and xylanase...

Author(s): Theresa Ezedom, Egoamaka Egbune, Marian Ehikordi, Nwabuaku Ezeugo, Favour Eledu, Juliet Esiete, Joan Eriamiator, Oluchukwu Ezeugo, Charity Friday, Chidiebere Egholenwa, Ernest Ekene, Success Efemevotor and Nyerhovwo Tonukari  

July 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effects of earnings management on firms’ market-adjusted return

Earnings announcement affects respective firms’ share prices based on their performances. Financial markets react to the bottom figure of the financial statements, which the authors believe include earnings management components. Similarly, earnings surprise also affects the market share. Therefore, they believe that there is a need for empirical analysis to understand the effects of earnings management and...

Author(s): QURESHI Qazi Ghulam Mustafa, MARD Yves and AUBERT Francois

July 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effect of individual CEOs’ characteristics on firms’ performance: Evidence from China

This paper investigates the effect of individual chief executive officers’ (CEOs’) characteristics on corporate performance. CEOs across 50 Chinese firms over time were selected and it was discovered that CEOs’ specific factors play a significant role in their firms’ performance. CEOs’ demographic characteristics include their legal background, dual position (that is, as both CEO and...

Author(s): Law Philip and Ningnan Wanggao

July 2022

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Entomopathogenic fungi (Aspergillus oryzae) as biological control agent of cattle ticks in Tanzania

Ticks are the most important ectoparasites that are responsible for severe economic losses in livestock industry. The use of chemical acaricides is the most common method used to control ticks in livestock. This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of Aspergillus oryzae as an alternative biological agent in controlling ticks to enhance livestock productivity. The efficacy of A. oryzae at different...

Author(s): Sylvia S. Msangi, Never Zekeya, Esther G. Kimaro, Lughano Kusiluka and Gabriel Shirima  

July 2022

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Impacts of cassava whitefly pests on the productivity of East and Central African smallholder farmers

A key constraint to smallholder cassava production systems in Africa is the cassava whitefly pest species. These pests are a group of several cryptic species within Bemisia tabaci that cause direct damage to cassava and vector viruses that cause disease. We employ a farm-level stochastic production frontier (SPF) model to determine the impacts of the cassava whitefly pests on the productivity and technical efficiency...

Author(s): Paul Mwebaze, Sarina Macfadyen, Paul De Barro, Anton Bua, Andrew Kalyebi, Fred Tairo, Donald Kachigamba, Christopher Omongo and John Colvin  

July 2022

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Galinsoga parviflora restored associated motor coordination through increased linear distribution of Purkinje Cells in mercury chloride-induced toxicity of mice’s cerebellum

Mercury (Hg) is a poisonous substance associated with diseases, such as ataxia and Joubert syndrome. Therefore, it is important to find a way to disrupt the process of Hg poisoning in the cerebellum, by exploring the medicinal value of local herb such as Galinsoga parviflora (GP). This study examined the effects of aqueous leaf extract of GP in HgCl2-induced cerebellar toxicity in adult male mice. Twenty-five adult male...

Author(s): John Tabakwot Ayuba, Akeem Ayodeji Okesina, Ibe Michael Usman, Michael Kunle Ajenikoko, Theophilus Pius, Nicholas Kusiima, Saidi Odoma, and Mario Fernandez Edgar  

July 2022

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Analysis of multi-country manufacturing value-added (MVA) using a dynamic panel model

Industrialization is required to increase an economy's competitiveness and living standards, as well as to catch up to more developed economies; while low and lower-middle-income countries' average performance over the last five decades has been disappointing at 6.7 and 17.4%, respectively. Fabrication exports account for 37.1% of total low-middle-income average exports and 9.6% of low income. As a result, this...

Author(s): Alemnew Mekonnen Wolde

July 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In vitro antibacterial activity of mixed Garcinia buchananii B. and Curcuma longa L. ethanolic extracts against Streptococcus pneumoniae

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the main bacterial cause of community-acquired pneumonia. In children, 22% of the deaths are due to pneumonia as the single leading cause of death. The local people in Uganda use herbs like Curcuma longa Linnaeus and Garcinia buchananii Baker to manage upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). The ethanolic extracts of the C. longa rhizome and G. buchananii stem bark have individually...

Author(s): Atuhaire Joan Keziah, Nabasumba Anzerea Joan, Munanura Edson Ireeta, Anyama Norbert G., Rubayiza Paul, Kaggwa Bruhan, Ndagire Margaret and Kyeyune Henry

July 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of agro-morphological diversity among plantains (Musa species AAB) in Benin Republic, West Africa

The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphological diversity of plantain accessions from three main plantain growing districts in Benin Republic. Sixteen descriptors were used including 5 quantitative. Overall, 31 cultivars were identified and associated with various names depending on the sociolinguistic groups. Results indicated the presence in each district of the three types of inflorescences (male...

Author(s): Fanou Alain AHOHOUENDO, Codjo Euloge TOGBE, Fernande Gbènato HONFO, Finagnon Robert AGBOVOEDO, Christophe Cocou TOSSOU and Bonaventure Cohovi AHOHUENDO  

July 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Understanding the role of finance in technology adoption among smallholder maize farmers in Nigeria

Maize is an important staple food in Nigeria; however, Nigeria’s local maize production only meets about 60% of its demand due to low yield (t/ha). The low maize yield has been linked to limited technology adoption, while finance has been identified to strongly impact technology adoption. Using a qualitative approach, data were collected through focus group discussions and interviews to identify the typology of...

Author(s): Oluwamayokun A. Fadeyi, Rajendra Adhikari and Ammar A. Aziz  

July 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agriculture in sub-Sahara Africa developing countries and the role of government: Economic perspectives

Recent agricultural and economic growth has been impressive in sub Saharan Africa (SSA), and explained in part by decades of donor investments. Sustaining recent progress will hence require a fundamental reshaping of SSA host country government policy priorities, which traditionally underinvest in agricultural research. This article investigates country-specific factors that explain government’s tendencies towards...

Author(s): Patrick Kanza, Jeffrey Vitale, Pilja Park Vitale  

July 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of Ca CaCl2 dipping on postharvest quality and shelf life of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. California Wonder)

Bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) experiences significant loss during postharvest handling. This study aimed to provide an alternative postharvest handling technology for the vegetable. The factor studied was Ca CaCl2 at 4 levels: 0% (distilled water), 3, 6 and 9%. Weight loss and total soluble solids were determined at an interval of 3 days whereas total chlorophyll, Fe, ascorbic acid and Ca content were determined at...

Author(s): Maurine Atieno Aloo, Arnold Mathew Opiyo and Mwanarusi Saidi  

July 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
A research on the levels of perceived stress and quality of life of physical education teachers: A pilot study in Türkiye

The study focuses on the classification of occupational stressors perceived by physical training teachers in Turkey and the correlations of these stressors between some workload, biographic and quality of life variables. This research was conducted face to face among physical education teachers in public and private schools in the cities of Bal?kesir, Kocaeli, Bursa, Kütahya, Osmaniye, Yalova, Ankara, Antalya,...

Author(s): Alpay Numan 

July 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Technical efficiency of pineapple production and challenges in Southern Benin

The need to improve the productivity and quality of pineapple produced to meet demand and supply with international standards necessitates exploring production potentials. So, assessing the technical efficiency of pineapple producers is essential to avoid waste of resources and above all to target advices for improving the productivity of the pineapple producers. Studies conducted on pineapple in Benin have paid less...

Author(s): Moïse K. B. Sodjinou, Alidou Assouma-Imorou, and Ambaliou O. Olounlade,  

July 2022

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Dynamics of herbal medicine processing and production in Benue State Nigeria

The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge base of traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) in Benue State in relation to current good manufacturing practice for effective quality, safety, and increased economic value. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the TMPs using questionnaire. Information such as practice area, type of herbal medicine preparations, water quality, preservatives as well as...

Author(s): Obi P. Adigwe, Philip F. Builders, John Alfa and Peter Oladosu  

July 2022

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Bacterial load reduction efficacy, acceptability and cost benefit of a locally produced Hand sanitizer in a tertiary Hospital in Uyo, Nigeria

Local production of hand hygiene products result in increased availability and compliance with hand hygiene in healthcare settings and significant cost saving to hospitals if effective and acceptable. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness, acceptability, and cost benefit of a locally produced hand sanitizer to commercial hand sanitizer products. This was a comparative cross sectional study carried out...

Author(s): Ekuma, Agantem E., Oloyede, Iso P., Akinjogunla, Olajide J., and Akpan, Richard  

July 2022

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Surveillance of plasmepsin 2 copy number gene in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Senegal

The development of resistance to antimalarial drugs is a major challenge for global malaria control. Full Plasmodium falciparum resistance to dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine treatment has been reported recently in Cambodia. These events were directly associated with increased copy number variations (CNVs) in the plasmepsin system, including the PfPlasmepsin 2 gene. Pfplasmepsin 2 copy number was the most...

Author(s): Amy Gaye, Tolla Ndiaye, Mouhamad Sy, Awa B. Deme, Baba Dieye, Yaye Die Ndiaye,  Mamadou Samb Yade, Mamadou Alpha Diallo, Khadim Diongue, Mamane N. Garba, Amy Bei, Ibrahima Mbaye Ndiaye, Aita Sene, Abdoulaye Tine, Sarah K. Volkman, Aida Sadikh Badiane and Daouda Ndiaye  

July 2022

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Excess refractive indices and validation of mixing rules using binary mixture of methyl laurate + Pentan-2-ol at various temperatures (298.15, 303.15, 308.15, 313.15, and 318.15K)

Refractive index is a characteristic parameter of fluids with numerous industrial uses. The values of refractive indices of many pure liquids are known or can be found in the literature. However, when experimental values of the liquid mixtures are not available then refractive indices of binary mixtures and multi-component liquids are frequently assessed from the pure constituents using mixing rules. The refractive...

Author(s): Sunita Rani, Nisha Sangwan and Rajesh K. Siwach  

July 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Emergence of Diarrhoeagenic Klebsiella pneumoniae Carrying astA and senB genes in Nigeria

Klebsiella pneumoniae is increasingly being isolated from the stool of Nigerian patients. K. pneumoniae was isolated from stool samples submitted to two clinical laboratories in Nigeria from patients presenting with various symptoms of gastrointestinal tract infections, including diarrhoea. The authors characterized the virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes of these K. pneumoniae strains. Sixteen pure cultures of...

Author(s): Ogbolu David Olusoga, Akinlabi Akinwale Majeed, Oluremi Adeolu Sunday, Oke Adewale Adegboyega and Webber Mark Alexander,

July 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Environmental implications of pesticide use and application practice on beekeeping: Evidence from Gudeya Bila Woreda of East Wollega Zone in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

The existence of honeybees within the ecosystem is crucial in worldwide agricultural production. Exposure of these insects to residues of many contaminants or poisonous materials like plant protection products (pesticides) causes death or reduces their activity. This study aims to assess the status of pesticide application, its use and possible impacts on bee communities in East Wollega Zone of Oromia Regional State,...

Author(s): Gadissa Abaya Alemu, Damene Shimeles and Teklu Berhan Mellese

July 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of propolis obtained from Gboko, Nigeria

The use of propolis for the treatment of various ailments in which inflammation and pain is involved is cross-cultural. This report was designed to investigate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of propolis obtained from Gboko, Benue State using hexane, ethyl acetate, and ethanol solvents. Propolis sample obtained from beehives was homogenized, extracted and dried at 40°C. The dry extract was prepared in...

Author(s): IPAV Selumun Solomon, IGOLI John Ogbaji, TOR-ANYIIN Terrumun Amom and ANYAM John Vershima

July 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of different concentrations of plant growth hormones on callus induction and regeneration of Shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa)

The slow natural regeneration pattern of the Shea tree due to the long gestation period and intense harvest has limited the domestication and genetic improvement of this tree. These limitations have necessitated the need for an alternative method of conserving the Shea tree outside the natural habitat. The propagation of the Shea tree by the in-vitro clonal technique presents such an alternative method. The purpose of...

Author(s): Aguwa  I., Gana A. S., Salaudeen M. T., Tolorunse K. D., Nmadu J. N., Baba K. M., Osunde Z. D. and Okafor J. O.

July 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Reflection of policy documents in early years’ educational settings during the COVID-19 pandemic

This study investigates the implementation of policy documents in early years’ educational settings during the COVID-19 pandemic. Governments over the entire world declared and created new disapplication to provide a clear understanding on how they can manage the pandemic process. Likewise, Turkish ministries created policy documents which help teachers keep children and themselves healthy and safe, which is the...

Author(s): Ozbay Ipek and Karaoglu Sevim

July 2022

African Journal of Plant Science
Identification and relative quantitative comparison of compounds in bottle gourds [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.]

To study the diversity and cultivar-specific of phytochemicals in bottle gourd, Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based untargeted metabolomics method was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of two groups of bottle gourd cultivars exhibiting different tastes and flavors: fresh and slightly bitter (BBGs) / fragrant and sweet (SBG). A total of 155 metabolites (16 differential metabolites and 139...

Author(s): Zhaohui Zhang, Xuan Du, Na Liu and Chunhong Chen

July 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of lime, NPK fertilizer and intercropping on selected properties of an acid mollic andosol in potato (solanum tuberosum) production systems

This study investigated the effects of intercropping, liming, and NPK fertilizer application on soil pH, available soil phosphorus (P), and total soil nitrogen (N) in potato production system during a two season’s field experiment in Molo sub-county, Kenya. A randomized complete block design with a split-split plot arrangement of treatments and three replicates was used. Main plot factors were NPK fertilizer...

Author(s): Naom K. Mose, Joyce J. Lelei and Josephine P. Ouma  

July 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Investigating the resistance of barnyard grass populations to pretilachlor in direct-seed rice in the Central Region of Vietnam

Barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.) is a major weed widely distributed across the world and causes serious damage to rice production. Yield loss due to barnyard grass was estimated at about 7 to 27% in Vietnam. This study aimed to investigate the rice production, weed impacts, herbicide usage and herbicide resistance in the Central Region of Vietnam. A survey of farmers producing rice and yield loss due...

Author(s): Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy, Tran Thi Anh Tuyet, Paul Kristiansen and Nguyen Vinh Truong  

July 2022

Scientific Research and Essays
The role of iron on the growth and development of the seedlings of Rhizophora mangle L.

Iron is an essential element, and its deficiency and excess result in negative effects on the growth and physiology of plants. Heavy metals are the highest anthropic pollutants that affect mangrove ecosystem. This study aimed to analyze the development of Rhizophora mangle seedlings in response to excess Fe under controlled conditions. Seedlings of R. mangle previously established were transferred to the culture...

Author(s): Barcelos Ully Depolo, Andreia Barcelos Passos Lima Gontijo, Adriano Alves Fernandes⊃, Antelmo Ralph Falqueto, Sávia Soares Pascoalini, Dielle Meire de Santana Lopes⊃, Edilson Romais Schmildt, Samira Leite⊃ and Mônica Maria Pereira Tognella  

July 2022

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health
Neuroprotective activity of Conyza aegyptiaca hydroethanolic extract against ethanol-induced neurodegeneration in adolescent Wistar rat’s brain

Alcohol consumption is a common well-known source of brain damages. This work aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of Conyza aegyptiaca against ethanol-induced neurodegeneration in a Wistar rat binge drinking model. Animals, pretreated orally once a day during 3 days with the hydroethanolic extract of C. aegyptiaca (HECA 250 and 500 mg/kg), received daily intraperitoneally 7 g/kg of ethanol for 3 more days,...

Author(s): Yendubé T. Kantati,  Kanfitine Digbandjoa, Mabozou Kpemissi, Aboudoulatif Diallo, Simplice D. Karou, Povi Lawson-Evi, Kossi Metowogo, and Kwashie Eklu-Gadegbeku  

July 2022

African Journal of Plant Science
Effects of grain spawn and substrates on growth and yield of oyster mushroom grown under different cropping shelters

Limited access to oyster mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus) substrates and the high cost of production are among the constraints affecting mushroom farming in Kenya. In an effort to solve the above problem, a study was carried out in Egerton University to determine the effect of grain spawn and substrates on growth and yield of oyster mushroom grown under different cropping shelters. The study was laid out as...

Author(s): Hakizimana Modeste, Gesimba Robert M. and Muthamia Japhet M.

July 2022

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Creating a psychological paradigm shift in students’ choice in tertiary education in Sri Lanka through education vertical integration

Tertiary education is a turning point in anybody's life. Students' choice of tertiary education is crucial for them, their family members, and the country. All parents would like to see their children reach the heights in education and develop many career prospects. In Sri Lanka, critical job profiles are limited to medical doctors, engineers, accountants, and lawyers. However, the fact remains that this type of...

Author(s): Edirisinghe Lalith, Siriwardena Sampath and Ranwala Lakshmi 

July 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of resource allocation on service delivery by Water Works Development Agencies in Kenya

The Kenyan government strives for every Kenyan to have access to water and sanitation services, primarily through Water Works Development Agencies (WWDAs). This paper sought to understand the effect of resource allocation on service delivery by WWDAs in Kenya. A census of all the agencies in Kenya was done, while a sample of 80 employees across these agencies responded to the questionnaire. Primary data were collected...

Author(s): Duncan Mulandi Mutambuki and Anne Christine Kabui

Page 1 of 1242, showing 50 records out of 62100 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50