Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1192, showing 50 records out of 59588 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

September 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Protective effect of piperine from Piper chaba fruits on LPS-induced inflammation in human intestinal cell line

Piper chaba is a flowering vine in the family of piperaceae. It is a spicy plant widely used as food and herbal medicine in the South and Southeast Asian countries. The study evaluated anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities of a major alkaloid extract, piperine, from P. chaba fruits on human colonic epithelial cells. The effects of piperine extract on cell viability, pro-inflammatory cytokine inhibition, and...

Author(s): Anyanee Buagaew and Natwadee Poomipark  

September 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Larvicidal activity of Juniperus procera extract against anopheles mosquito in in vitro, North Western Ethiopia

Mosquitoes are the major health threat as they transmit plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Since mosquitoes developed resistances towards insecticides, investigators are searching for alternative control measures. Bioactive plant chemicals have been identified to serve as a defense mechanism against insects’ larvae. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate larvicidal activities of Juniperus procera...

Author(s): Wondimu Ersino, Hirpasa Teressa and Tadele Alemayo  

September 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Screening open source traditional Chinese medicine extracts for growth-inhibiting properties towards Acinetobacter baumannii

Infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii and other pathogenic bacteria are a worldwide concern due to their increasingly prevalent multidrug resistance. World leaders and health organizations across the globe have voiced their concerns over antibiotic resistance and the critical need for the development of novel antibiotics. Although the number of new antibiotic drugs entering the marketplace in recent years has...

Author(s): Lucas Poon, Thomas J. Langowski, Mozna H. Khraiwesh, Malik J. Raynor, Jesse P. Deluca, Jeffrey R. Livezey, Thomas G. Oliver, Susan Ensel, Tanja Grkovic, Barry R. O’Keefe, and Patricia J. Lee  

September 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial, total phenols, antioxidant, and fatty acids of the lyophilized body fat of Podocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812) from farm in Acre State, Brazil

Podocnemis expansa (Podocnemididae) is a chelonian of suborder Pleurodira and is popularly known as Amazon turtle. The animal’s body fat was removed from the farm in Xapuri city in Acre State, Brazil. The fat was lyophilized and the oil was extracted by the Soxhlet method using hexane, as a solvent. The fatty acids majority, identified and quantified by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector, were:...

Author(s): Brazil M. V. da S., Souza M. de B., Ferraz V. P., Martins B. A., De Carvalho Neto M. F., De Melo A. C. G. R., Ribeiro P. R. E. and De Melo-Filho A. A.

September 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commonly used in snakebites in North Western Nigeria

The incidence of snake bite in rural West Africa is reportedly high with an 11–17% mortality rate. Nigeria has one third of the cases for snake bite cases in this region.Thus, most tribes in North-western part of Nigeria depend on medicinal plants for snakebites. However, it appears that a gap exists on documentation of these plants especially tropical flora used in the management of snake bite. This led to...

Author(s): Ibrahim-Maigandi Hassan, Aishatu Shehu, Abdulkadir Umar Zezi, Mohammed Garba Magaji and Jamilu Ya’u  

September 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro antibacterial activity of Psidium guajava (Guava) leaves extract on carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae causing multi-drug resistant systemic infections

Systemic bacterial infections affect almost all part of the human body systems leading to infections such as urinary tract infections, septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia, peritonitis and gastritis. Carbapenems have been used as drug of choice in the treatment of systemic infections. Studies have indicated that Enterobacteriaceae are producing enzymes such as carbapenemases, which inactivate carbapenems.  There ...

Author(s): Henry Kwadwo Hackman, Reuben Essel Arhin, Bright Kojo Azumah, David Boateng, Blessing Nwosu and Mark Apenteng  

August 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of dried pods of Prosopis Africana

Evolving resistant microbial strains have posed a great challenge on antibacterial chemotherapy in recent times. Search for novel antimicrobial agents has therefore remained a highly prospective area of research, especially those of plant origin. To this end, Prosopis africana pod used in West Africa in traditional medicine was evaluated for phytochemical constituents using standard procedures. Antibacterial activity...

Author(s): Baturh Yarkwan  

August 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effect of Aloe resin on cell migration between Scratch and Boyden chamber assays

Effect of herbal medicine on cell migration is one of the therapeutic points. The objective of this study was to compare the Scratch assay with the Boyden chamber assay for evaluating cell migration with Aloe resin as the chemoattractant agent. Human gingival fibroblasts cells (2.5×105 cells/ml) were exposed to 0.02% (w/v) of Aloe resin in 6-well culture plates for the Scratch assay or in 24-transwell-culture...

Author(s): Suwanna Korsuwannawong, Ratchaporn Srichan and La-Ongthong Vajrabhaya  

August 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Determination of total phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and nutrients in Brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa H. B. K.)

Bertholletia excelsa is native to the Amazon, and it grows in the forests that border the great rivers of the Amazon. This tree brings interest in the commercialization of its fruit, which is called the urchin and almond. Bertholletia excelsa has antioxidant properties, and it is rich in phenolic compounds. In this research, the antioxidant capacity of the Brazilian nut from the city of São João da Baliza...

Author(s): Selvin Antonio Saravia Maldonado, Ismael Montero Fernández, Ricardo Santos Alemán, Jhunior Abrahan Marcia Fuentes and María da Conceição Campelo Ferreira  

August 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Medicinal plants used in ethnoveterinary practices in the Federal Capital Territory, North-Central Nigeria

A survey of medicinal plants used in ethnoveterinary practices (EVP) was conducted in Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria to document the indigenous use of this plant in the management of animal diseases. Data were collected from fifty informants which included seven traditional medical practitioners and 43 pastoralists using a structured questionnaire. A total of 31 plant species from 25 families were recorded from the...

Author(s): Lateef Ariyo Adeniran, Smart Okpi, Toba Samuel Anjorin and Olatunde Peter Ajagbonna

August 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Bioprospective potential in the traditional use of herbal medicines in an institution in Central Brazil

Medicinal plants are important natural goods for many different peoples, especially because of their use as herbal medicines resulting from the traditional knowledge emerged from the direct contact with nature. The great experience of regional, traditional communities on the management and use of plant resources available in their regions led different populations to create and use several medicines. Even though the...

Author(s): Klaus Abdala and Sena Carlos  

August 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Prevalence and gene sequencing of extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Salmonella enterica serovar. Typhi from South-East Nigeria

Enteric fever is a systemic disease classified into typhoid and paratyphoid fever. Fluoroquinolones and third generation cephalosporins are usually the drugs of choice in the management of Salmonella infections. Previous reports have indicated common occurrence of multi-drug resistance (MDR) including resistance to β-lactams and fluoroquinolones. However, there is paucity of information on the genetic determinants...

Author(s): Nathaniel Ejikeme Onyenwe, Nnabuike Didacus Nnamani, Jude Chidi Okoro, Chioma Nnenna Nwofor and Christiana Jesumirhewe  

August 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Assessment of acute and sub-chronic toxicity of Camellia hakodae Ninh leaves aqueous extracts in experimental animals

Camellia hakodae Ninh (CHN) is an ornamental plant of Vietnam, whose extracts is used as a potential phytotherapeutic beverage due to its good improvement in the immune system, reduction of inflammation and assisting the treatment of some chronic diseases. CHN production may be useful for health during this coronavirus epidemic period. This study aimed to evaluate the safety, acute and sub-chronic toxicity of aqueous...

Author(s): Hong Hanh Nguyen, Hoang Ngan Nguyen and Van Cuong Truong  

August 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antimalarial potential and phytochemical composition of fractions of Lippia kituiensis Vatke (Verbenaceae) growing in Northern Tanzania

Despite past decades of steady advances in the fight against Malaria, statistics show that the disease is still a threat to human health. Previous successes in the development of antimalarial drugs from medicinal plants have fuelled research in this area. However, antimalarial studies on fractionated extracts from such plants have progressed slowly. This study reports the antimalarial potential of fractions from Lippia...

Author(s): Japheth K. Ng’etich, Hulda S. Swai, Joseph M. Njokah, Sabina W. Wachira, Lilian C. Koech and Jeremiah W. Gathirwa  

August 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Consensus level in the traditional management of diabetes and chemical potentiality of plants from north Sudanese, Burkina Faso

Diabetes, has become a public health problem whose prevalence is increasing in subsahelian Africa. The present study aimed to determine the consensus level of plant use and their antidiabetic potentiality. Thus, a semi-structured interview carried out from May 2014 to April 2018 with 120 traditional healers allowed retaining nine species after selection according to the frequency of citation and the bibliographic...

Author(s): Souleymane Compaore, Lazare Belemnaba, Moumouni Koala, René D. Magnini, Noufou Ouedraogo, Adjima Thiombiano and Sylvin Ouedraogo  

August 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Comparison of antioxidant role of methanol, acetone and water extracts of Andrographis paniculata Nees

Antioxidant properties of plants can help thwart a plethora of conditions including cancer, bronchitis, asthma, ulcers, coronary heart diseases, scabies, insomnia, senile debility, diabetes, dysentery, etc. In this study, Andrographis paniculata (Family: Acanthaceae) was investigated for antioxidant activity. 1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), reducing power assay, total antioxidant capacity, 2,2'-azino-bis...

Author(s): Monsur Ahmad, Nor Mohammad, Abdullah-Al-Maswood, Md. Abdul Aziz, Md. Ashraful Alam, Md. Shahadat Hossain, Md. Rakibul Islam and Md. Giash Uddin,  

August 2020

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Factors associated with child’s comorbid diarrhea and pneumonia in rural Democratic Republic of the Congo

Diarrhea and pneumonia are leading killers of the world’s youngest children. The toll is highly concentrated in the most disadvantaged children from 15 high-burden countries. The present research reports the factors associated with the comorbidity of the two killer diseases in the context of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), one of the 15 countries suffering the most from the blights. This analysis of...

Author(s): Manuel F. Manun’Ebo, and Choudelle Nkulu-wa-Ngoie  

August 2020

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Determinants of pre-cervical cancer among women visiting Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia: A case control study

Cervical cancer is the most common and lethal form of cancer occurring among women of sub- Saharan Africa and Ethiopia. Despite its wider occurrence, cervical cancer is preventable and curable if it is diagnosed and treated in its pre-cancerous stage. Recognizing the risk factors associated with pre- cervical cancer lesion is important to design appropriate strategies for prevention of cervical cancer. However, studies...

Author(s): Abiy Semunigus Dejene and Dejene Hailu  

August 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Comparative analysis of biopharmaceutic classification system (BCS) based biowaiver protocols to validate equivalence of a multisource product

Biopharmaceutic classification system (BCS) is a substantial part of drug designing and generic product development and has been accepted as a technique to renounce in-vivo pharmacokinetic evaluation (biowaiver). It appeared to be worthwhile and time-saving by means of in-vitro studies in the presence of biorelevant physiological mediums that mimic not only the predictable solubility but also permeability of the...

Author(s): Farah Khalid, Syed Muhammad Farid Hassan, Madiha Mushtaque, Rabia Noor, Sana Ghayas, Iyad Naeem Muhammad and Fouzia Hassan  

August 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Assessment of household knowledge, attitude and practices on disposal methods of expired and unused medicines among residents of Lusaka City, Zambia

Medicines play an important role in treating different diseases and conditions, but when left unused or to expire at home and improperly disposed, they may cause environmental pollution and can be hazardous to health. In this study, assessment of household knowledge attitude and practices on disposal methods of expired and unused medicines among residents was done in selected areas of Lusaka City, Zambia. This was...

Author(s): Martin Kampamba, Martin Nyirenda, Hanzooma Hatwiko, Davies Kampamba and Christabel Nangandu Hikaambo  

August 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of the microbiological quality of "mabokés" smothered fish and, proteolytic activity of bacteria of the genus Bacillus in Brazzaville, Congo

In order to assess the health risks related to the consumption of smothered fish "mabokés" sold in the markets of Brazzaville, samples of smothered fish sold in three markets in Brazzaville were analyzed for their microbiological quality. The different samples were cultured for isolation on solid media using conventional microbiological methods. The bacteria isolated were identified on the basis of...

Author(s): Cyr Jonas Morabandza, Tarcisse Baloki Ngoulou, Valentin Dibangou, Saphia Jemylah Galekoua Ndjiwa Empilo, Armel Faly Soloka Mabika, Christian Ngo - Itsouhou, Rachel Moyen and Gabriel Ahombo  

August 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of micro-fungi associated with leaf spot of Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. in Southern Nigeria

Fruit of Allanblackia floribunda is an active ingredient in the pharmaceutical industry. Fruit production in the species is hindered by incidence of pathogenic fungi leading to economic loss. This study was conducted to investigate micro-fungi species associated with leaf spot of A. floribunda. Field surveys were carried out in natural stands containing matured  A. floribunda trees  located at Owu Ikija, Ogun...

Author(s): Olusola O. Olasupo Adebola O. Adegeye and Samuel O. Olajuyigbe  

August 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of scattered tree species on the diversity, abundance and biomass of pastures in a sedentary grazing system in South-western Uganda

Tree species play a significant role in sustaining the productivity of grazing lands. However, information on appropriate species to use in restoring degraded grazing areas is limited. This study used 120 trees to assess the effect of 8 tree species on pasture diversity, abundance and biomass. This was done in a total of 960 quadrats of 1 m2 established under tree canopies and 5 m away from the edge of tree canopies. In...

Author(s): Dina Nabasumba, Halid Kirunda, Robert Muzira, Gershom Tugume, Steven Natuha and Geoffrey Akiiki Beyihayo  

August 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of distance between plants and pruning of axillary buds on morphological and productive characteristics of tomato plants

This research was carried out for 120 days in the horticulture area of the Universidad Nacional de Concepción, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias to evaluate how morphological and productive characteristics of tomato plants were influenced by the distance between plants and the pruning of axillary buds. The design used in the experiment was the randomized block method with factorial arrangement (3x3); factor A was the...

Author(s): Oscar Caballero Casuriaga, Eulalio Morel López, Pabla Arguello Arguello, Amílcar Isidro Servín Niz, Modesto Osmar DaSilva Oviedo, Wilfrido Lugo Pereira, Derlys Fernando López Ávalos, Adolfo Leguizamón and Ruth Pistilli de Franco

August 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Participatory upland rice (Oryza sativa L.) seed rate determination for row method of sowing under irrigated eco-system

A field experiment was conducted in 2013 cropping season at Bedloale and Werer sites in Amibara district, Afar Regional State, to determine optimum seeding rate for row method of sowing for productivity of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under irrigated ecosystem. The experiment was conducted with five levels of seed rate treatments (50, 60, 70, and 80 kg ha-1 and local practice) laid out in a randomized complete block design...

Author(s): Fikeremariam Tegegn, Tamiru Dejen, Brehanu Woldu, Getnet Belay and Adem Kedir  

August 2020

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Effect of stocking density on growth and survival of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, Linnaeus 1758) under cage culture in Lake Albert, Uganda

In Uganda fish is a great source of animal dietary protein, however, natural stocks continue to decline. Therefore, aquaculture provides a viable option to bridge the increasing fish supply-demand gap. Accordingly, a study was conducted from March to August 2016 to investigate the effect of stocking density on the growth performance, and survival of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in floating net-cages to...

Author(s): Ivan Abaho, Thaddeus Zaabwe, Andrew Izaara, Howard N. Kasigwa, Norman Mushabe, Steven Byenkya, Mujibu Nkambo, Sylvester D. Baguma, David L. N. Hafashimana and Jackson Efitre  

August 2020

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Assessment of selected soil physicochemical properties on different land-use systems and landscape positions at Hamesa watershed, Wolayita zone, Southern Ethiopia

The investigation was undertaken at Hamesa watershed of Wolayita Zone with the aim to assess the consequences of land-use systems and topography on the physical and chemical properties of selected soils. Surface soil samples taken at 0-15 and 15-30 cm depths from three land-use systems (enset, grassland and maize fields) were collected under three slope positions (upper, middle and lower). Both the clay and bulk density...

Author(s): Markos Mathewos  

August 2020

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Acclimatization and performance evaluations of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) on yield and yield components in different agro-ecologies of Northern Ethiopia

The study is aimed at evaluating the genotype by environment interactions (GEI) on acclimatization of sweetpotato genotypes to the farmers’ field conditions. A field evaluation was done on six sweetpotato genotypes planted in RCBD, three replications in three different agro-ecologies. These genotypes were previously (2012, 2014) tested for yield performance in the same environment. Data collected were subjected to...

Author(s): Gloria Peace LAMARO  

August 2020

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Land suitability for cocoa production in Idanre, Ondo State, Nigeria

In Nigeria, cocoa is an important cash crop that contributes to wealth creation and poverty alleviation. This study combined a Geographic Information System (GIS) application and Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) to assess land suitability for cocoa cultivation.  Based on the FAO rating standard Landsat ETM (2002) and Landsat 8 (2015) images, AsterDEM data, rainfall data, soil map, and the administrative map of...

Author(s): P. E. Tenkap and B. O. Balogun  

August 2020

International NGO Journal
Relationship between municipal performance (service delivery) and communities’ rejection/acceptance of demarcations

This paper is an assessment of the relationship between perceived municipal performance (in rendering basic needs) and communities’ rejection/acceptance of amalgamations. The research attempts to answer the question “is there a correlation between municipal demarcation disputes and service delivery provision”. Data for this study was obtained using a quantitative approach. The findings indicate that...

Author(s): Ntombana Luvuyo and Khowa Thandeka

August 2020

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Assessing the effectiveness of nonwoven fabric pollination tents for improved grass breeding

The practices of using isolation and distance in the seed production of open pollinated crops are fundamental concepts to ensure seed purity. We uniquely examined the effectiveness of replacing isolation plots for seed production and grass breeding with different sizes of novel nonwoven synthetic fabric pollination control tents (PCTs). Two fabrics, DWB10 and DWB24, were used along with multiple genotypes of tall fescue...

Author(s): Michael Trammell, Dusty G. Pittman, Daljit Singh Virk and Hannah Senior  

August 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
A comparison of antibacterial efficacy of some household detergents available in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, against 16 ATCC bacterial strains and clinical isolates

The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant microorganisms are threats to public health due to its related increasing rates of morbidity and mortality in the world. Routine disinfection practices do not eliminate many of these resistant species and may contribute to the development in their resistance. Therefore, the current study evaluates the effectiveness of some popular detergents labelled as antibacterial and...

Author(s): Hamdi M. Al-Said and Sami S. Ashgar

August 2020

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
Evaluating the erosive effect of sour candy on human

The radical increase in consumption of acidic (sour) candies amongst children and teenagers is considered a significant public health concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the erosive potential of sour candy in comparison with their regular counterparts at different exposure times. Sixteen prepared tooth samples were randomly assigned into four groups, namely: sour candy (n=8), regular candy (n=8); each of...

Author(s): Lesley Sebastian Naidoo, Stanley Chibuzor Onwubu, Nelisha Murugan, Karin Pruessner and Shenuka Singh  

August 2020

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Heavy metal soil contamination in cocoa plantations in South West Region, Cameroon

The status of heavy metal contamination of surface soils in two cocoa plantations of approximately 30 years in Cameroon was evaluated. The bioavailable fractions of Fe, Cu, Zn, Cd and Cr were used to assess the extent of heavy metal contamination using a selection of contamination indices. In addition, other physicochemical properties including organic matter, particle size, CEC and pH were assessed. One of the farms...

Author(s): Veronica Ebot Manga, Bridget Ngeminy Fru and Godwin Yinda Sendze  

August 2020

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
The role of rural women in natural resources management and utilization: A case of Delanta District, South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia

Natural resources provide any material from the natural environment that can be used by people for support and sustenance of life on earth with its ecological value and manifold resources. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of rural women in natural resources management and utilization in Ethiopia by taking Delanta as the case. The research design was descriptive survey using stratified random sampling...

Author(s): Nahusenay Abate

August 2020

Educational Research and Reviews
Exploring challenges of preparing authentic English language tests in secondary and preparatory schools: The case of Gamo, Gofa and Konso zones in Southern Ethiopia

The main objective of this research was to study challenges of preparing authentic English language tests in Ethiopian six secondary schools. The focus was to assess current challenges in the preparation of authentic and communicative language tests. To this end, interviews and FGD with English language teachers were made and hence, 61 teachers were taken as the sample for the study from six secondary schools: Arba...

Author(s): Mohammed Shure Wado and Abdurehman Osman Seid

August 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Pharmacognostic and toxicological evaluation of the leaves of Piper guineense Schum. and Thonn (Piperaceae)

The leaves of Piper guineense Schum. and Thonn (Piperaceae) are used in ethnomedicine for the management/treatment of various diseases. The objective of this study was to establish the pharmacognostic and toxicological profiles of P. guineense to help practitioners in making choices, and to assist scientists involved in the research of the Piper genus. The fresh leaves were examined for their macroscopic and microscopic...

Author(s): Tavs A. Abere ⃰, Mumuni Sumaila and Obi Ifeoma Stephanie  

August 2020

African Journal of Business Management
Environmental reporting, accountability and governance of local governments: An Italian multiple case study

This article aims to investigate the complex interrelationship existing between reporting, accountability and governance of municipalities. More in detail, the paper attempts to identify the internal and external conditions inducing municipalities to keep environmental reports (Research Question 1) and to assess the impact of environmental reporting on the accountability of the municipalities’ governance (Research...

Author(s): Aurelio Tommasetti, Luca Del Bene, Gennaro Maione and Giulia Leoni  

August 2020

Educational Research and Reviews
Development of the choir team perception scale

The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable scale to measure the team perception levels of choir members. In the first step, a draft scale comprising 54-items was administered to 332 choir members. With the KMO (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin) test for sampling adequacy, KMO value was found to be 0.936. Factor analysis on the scale items showed that the scale comprised 34 items and 5 factors, namely choir and...

Author(s): Duygu Piji Küçük  

August 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Toxicological potential of ethanol extract of stem bark and Croton heliotropiifolius (Euphorbiaceae)

Croton heliotropiifolius is an endemic specie in northeast of Brazil. It is renowned for its medicinal properties, larvicidal, insecticidal and cytotoxic activity. This study evaluated the phytochemical screening of ethanolic extract stem bark of C. heliotropiifolius (EECroton) and the toxicological potential in Swiss albino mice. Phytochemical analysis were performed by thin-layer chromatography. The EECroton at 2000...

Author(s): Willams Alves da Silva, Kristiana Cerqueira Mousinho, Mary Anne Medeiros Bandeira, Marcos Aurélio Santos da Costa, Renatha Claudia Barros Sobreira, Tainá Maria Santos Silva, José Gildo da Silva, Sandrine Maria de Arruda Lima, Luciano Souza de Lima, Roberta M Leite Lima and Sônia Pereira Leite  

August 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Prescribing pattern of medications prescribed to outpatients based on WHO prescribing indicators in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Poor prescribing pattern is observed and become a serious problem in the world including developing countries. In Ethiopia, several studies showed that health care institutions did not meet WHO prescribing indicators and the prescribing pattern is not satisfactory in the health care institutions. This study aimsto review the prescribing pattern of medications prescribed to outpatients based on WHO prescribing indicators...

Author(s): Wondim Ayenew, Getahun Asmamaw and Atsede Getaneh  

August 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
A survey of the aflatoxin level and molecular identification of fungal contaminants in poultry feed mills from different geopolitical zones of Nigeria

Aflatoxin contamination of poultry feeds in Nigeria is a common problem in most feed mills. A survey on the distribution of aflatoxin in feed mills from different parts of Nigeria was carried out. The aflatoxin concentration in most feed mills from the North-western part of Nigeria was low compared to the concentration in the feed mills from the South-eastern part. The total aflatoxin level in three feed mills (B, C and...

Author(s): Anthony C. Mgbeahuruike, Emmanuela I. Nwoko and Onwumere O. S. Idolor  

August 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiotic resistance and genotypic detection of extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing pathogens in catheter associated urinary tract infection at a teaching facility in Kumasi, Ghana

This study determines the antibiotic resistance pattern of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing pathogens responsible for catheter associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) and the genes associated with the resistance. The study used 35 ESBL-producing pathogens isolated from urine and biofilm found in CAUTI from June 2018 to November 2018. Pathogens were confirmed phenotypically for ESBL production with...

Author(s): Alexander Bekoe, Roland Azorliade, Anthony Ablordey and Matthew Glover Addo

August 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Water quality index (WQI) and bacteriological assessment of some selected hand-dug wells in the Adenta municipality, Ghana

Water quality was assessed from 11 hand dug wells in the Adentan Municipality using Water Quality Index (WQI) and bacteriological load as indicators. The sampling was conducted during the months of July to September, 2019. A total of 33 samples were taken from 11 hand dug wells at monthly intervals. Weighted Average Water Quality Index (WAWQI) was used to compute parameters which include temperature, pH, conductivity,...

Author(s): Phillip Adu-Gyamfi, John Asiedu Larbi and Matthew Glover Addo

August 2020

African Journal of Business Management
Social and environmental practices in the carboniferous industry: An analysis of the perceptions of agents impacted from the perspective of social capital

In the Brazilian contemporaneous context, there is evidence of society's demands for companies to carry out their activities in a responsible manner in the social and environmental spheres. In the coal mining industry, the debate is even more eminent because of the significant environmental impacts generated by the mining activity. The present study aims to analyze the determinants of socio-environmental practices...

Author(s): Eduardo Netto Zanette and Silvio Parodi Oliveira Camilo

August 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Performance of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) varieties grown under broomrape (Orobanche spp.) infestation in South Tigray, Ethiopia

Broomrapes (Orobanche spp.) are the serious roots parasitic weed to legumes crop production in many countries. In Ethiopia, Orobanche crenata is a dominant parasite and a major constraint to faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cultivation, especially in the Northern parts of the country. Presently, it reduces crop production and has forced farmers to stop growing faba bean crop. Thus, it is necessary to find new sources of...

Author(s): Lemma Diriba, Firew Mekbib and Mussa Jarso  

August 2020

Scientific Research and Essays
Effects of biochar and manure on soil properties and growth of Casuarina equisetifolia seedlings at the coastal region of Kenya

This study investigated the effects of biochar and manure applied singly or together on soil biochemical properties, Casuarina equisetifolia seedling growth and seedling quality. Therefore, a nursery experiment consisting of Prosopis juliflora biochar and cattle manure treatments at 0% (control), 10% biochar, 20% biochar, 10% manure, 10% biochar + 10% manure, and 20% biochar + 10% manure was conducted. Generally,...

Author(s): Riziki Umazi Mwadalu, Benson Mochoge and Benjamin Danga  

August 2020

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Viral suppression and predictors among adolescents receiving care for HIV/AIDS in a tertiary health centre in Uyo, South-South, Nigeria

Viral suppression assesses the success of HIV/AIDS treatment and can avert or reduce transmission of infection. Several factors contribute to viral suppression and may vary in different settings and age groups, hence the need to study the associated factors in different populations. The aim of the research was to study the level of viral suppression and its predictors among adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), who knew...

Author(s): Dixon-Umo Ofonime Tony  

July 2020

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Examining motivation theory in higher education among tenured and non-tenured faculty: Scholarly activity and academic rank

The pursuit of tenure in higher education is arguably the dominant focus of tenure track faculty throughout the United States’ higher education environment, if not a world-wide phenomenon. By applying Vroom’s Expectancy theory of motivation, this study intends to investigate the relationship between research productivity and motivation to conduct such activities at higher education institutes by examining...

Author(s): Niloofar Nickol Agah, Theodore Kaniuka and Miriam Chitiga  

July 2020

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Bank credit access trends among farmers in Hurungwe District of Mashonaland West Province in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe’s economic progress is hinged on the performance of the agricultural sector, which supports the majority of the population. Bank credit empowers farmers to adopt inputs and technologies that are key for enhancing productivity and income. This study sought to establish the bank credit access trends among farmers in the Hurungwe District of Mashonaland West Province in Zimbabwe, comparing the current...

Author(s): Blessing Ropafadzo Chigunhah and Ezekia Svotwa  

Page 1 of 1192, showing 50 records out of 59588 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50