Articles

 

Articles

Page 11 of 1199, showing 50 records out of 59922 total, starting on record 501, ending on 550

July 2020

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
African compliance with state fragility to gain agency in the international system: A case study of Uganda

Most states in Africa, due to their unique history of state formation, do not satisfy the established (western-centric) pre-requisites of statehood. This incongruity results in Africa being framed as a place of fragile states with African agency discounted in the process. The discourse on state fragility is instrumental in insidiously granting legitimacy for western governmental interventions in Africa. Meanwhile, the...

Author(s): Anamika Madhuraj

July 2020

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
The politics of the coronavirus and its impact on international relations

Pandemic outbreaks are not a new phenomenon globally. There is plethora of evidence to substantiate this view. However, each epidemic has its own defining features, magnitude, and discernible impact. Societies are affected differently. The coronavirus or COVID-19 is not an incongruity. Although it is still active, thus making detailed empirical data inconclusive, it has already impacted societies in many ways - leaving...

Author(s): Bheki Richard Mngomezulu  

July 2020

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Critical success factors for public-private partnership in universal secondary education: Perspectives and policy lessons from Uganda

There is a dearth of phenomenological interpretive studies in public-private partnership (PPP) policy in education service delivery. The limited extant literature on PPPs in education hardly explores insights into how stakeholders understand them, and what they perceive as critical success factors (CSFs) for their implementation in the context of developing countries. The overarching purpose of this study is to explore...

Author(s): Ivan Kiiza Twinomuhwezi and Chaya Herman  

July 2020

Journal of African Studies and Development
Religious construction of disease: An exploratory appraisal of religious responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in Uganda

This article presents empirical analysis of religious attitudes and interpretation of pandemics in Uganda. The study sought to analyze the religious explanatory models of pandemics offered by the three major religions of Uganda: Christianity, Islam and African Traditional religious belief system. The COVID-19 pandemic which ravaged the whole world, Uganda inclusive, was used as a case study. Based on a qualitative...

Author(s): Alexander Paul Isiko

July 2020

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Learning and/or “Cure”? The notion of learning context in the health ambit

Mental health is not the object of study of only one discipline, but of different fields of knowledge including anthropology. If it is considered that (1) mental illness is related to learning and (2) learning happens in a relational context between the subject and his/her environment, it is possible to assume that a change in the context could mean changes in the subject’s health. Therefore, an approximation to...

Author(s): Héctor B. Lahitte and María de los A. Bacigalupe  

July 2020

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Attitudes of local leaders towards wildlife conservation in village areas in southern Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Karatu District, Tanzania

Understanding attitudes of local leaders towards conservation issues in village areas surrounding protected areas is vital for the success of sustainable biodiversity conservation. This is because of the need of designing effective conservation programs outside protected areas and to reduce resource-based conflicts involving local communities and protected areas. Twenty villages in Karatu district located between...

Author(s): Kwaslema Malle Hariohay, Joseph Gwandu Gambay and Eivin Røskaft  

July 2020

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi isolated from leaves of medicinal Plant Leucas martinicensis L. growing in a Kenyan tropical forest

Infectious diseases are major threat to public health; a problem that has been exacerbated by emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains. Finding alternative antimicrobial compounds from natural sources such as fungal endophytes and medicinal plants is crucial for addressing antimicrobial resistance. Thus, in this study search for endophytes with antibacterial activities from leaves of medicinal plant Leucas...

Author(s): Ruth Moraa Obare, Stephen A. Indieka and Josphat Matasyoh  

July 2020

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Study of the nutritional values and sanitary quality of soumbala collected from six regions of Burkina Faso

Soumbala is regularly consumed as a condiment in most households in Burkina Faso. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to assess its nutritional and sanitary quality. To achieve this purpose, samples of sombala have been analysed for the determination of pH, water and ash contents, biochemical parameters, mineral elements, and aflatoxin contents. Results showed that Fada N’Gourma soumbala had the highest...

Author(s): Elie Kabré, Raoul Bazié, Moumouni Bandé, Thierry Sanou, Fulbert Nikiéma and Jean Sakandé,  

July 2020

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Moderating effects of social learning on the usage of formal financial services in Kampala, Uganda

The use of formal financial services has been associated with increased financial wellbeing and overall economic growth. Efforts to increase financial inclusion have emphasized financial literacy provided through formal training and education without due recognition that people’s financial behaviors and practices may be motivated by social interactions. The current study examines the moderating effects of social...

Author(s): Colin Agabalinda and Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh  

July 2020

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Two qualified models of learning by doing

Learning by doing (or learning curves) is a well-known law in economics and psychology, but no consensus has been achieved on the “qualified” models for more than a century. This article explores the expression of learning by doing in a way where the expression is not involved with changing the prime factors of a learning process. If one prime factor changes dramatically during the course of a learning...

Author(s): Samuel Huhui  

July 2020

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Transformations in Nigeria’s foreign policy: From Balewa to Obasanjo

This article re-examines and reassesses Nigeria’s foreign policy from 1960 to 1979. From independence in 1960, all the administrations in Nigeria had similar foreign policy objectives until 1975 when General Murtala Mohammed became the Head of State. General Mohammed was killed in a failed military coup d’état and General Olusegun Obasanjo, his deputy, became the head of state; hence, the usage of...

Author(s): Dele Jemirade  

July 2020

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Structural modification challenges facing the implementation of inclusive education policy in public secondary schools in Tharaka-Nithi County

Educational policy guidelines mandate that all learning institutions, adopt, design and embrace programs that are conducive to learners with disabilities. In spite of inclusive education policy guidelines, disability remains a major course of discrimination in Kenyan schools. This study therefore, examined the structural modification challenges on the implementation of inclusive education policy in schools. The study...

Author(s): Bibiana Ruguru Ireri, Madrine King’endo, Eric Wangila and Simon Thuranira

July 2020

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Elasticity and buoyancy of tax system in Cote d’Ivoire

This paper examines the productivity of revenue from the Ivorian tax system over the period 1984 to 2016. To do this, it estimates the buoyancy and elasticity of tax revenues over this period. It uses the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method to estimate the buoyancy and elasticity. The results show a buoyancy and elasticity less than one, reflecting the inelasticity of tax system. Furthermore, they reveal tax reforms...

Author(s): Soro Siongofolo Seydou  

July 2020

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Molecular characterization of viruses causing maize lethal necrosis disease in South-Rift region, Kenya

The first report of Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) disease in Africa was in Bomet, Kenya, nine years ago. It has since spread in East and Central African (ECA) countries, causing massive yield losses. Currently, 90% of the preferred commercial maize germplasm grown by farmers in Kenya is susceptible to MLN disease. As such, the disease has continued to pose a serious challenge to food security in the ECA region. This study...

Author(s): Robert K. Leitich, Jackson C. Korir, John O. Muoma, Anne Wangai, Kim Bong, Guri Johal and Sue Loesch-Fries  

July 2020

Journal of African Studies and Development
Neglect and discrimination: A tale of Zimbabwe’s inaccessible public transport system

Lack of disability accessible services is commonplace in many African countries. This includes health care, educational, recreational and transportation services amongst many others. In Zimbabwe in particular, the deteriorating socio-economic situation has exposed the glaring insufficiencies of the public transport system. The expression that best describes this situation is neglect and discrimination. This paper...

Author(s): Thembelihle Ndebele

July 2020

Journal of African Studies and Development
Curriculum reform in Zimbabwe: An analysis of early childhood development centers’ state of readiness to embrace the new curriculum

The study sought to investigate the readiness of mainstream early childhood development centres to actualize the updated preschool curriculum in Zimbabwe. The curriculum is one of the basic and central components of powerful educating and learning. Curriculum change assumes a significant role in rebranding instructive practices to make them receptive to contemporary national and individual needs. Keeping that in mind, a...

Author(s): Thelma Dhlomo and Phylis Mawere

June 2020

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
Factors associated with irregular consumption of fruits and vegetables among health professionals in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) are an essential food group for humans and prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study is to know the level of consumption of F&Vs by health professionals in Ouagadougou and their determinants. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from May to August 2016 in the Central Region of Burkina Faso. It included 442 health workers according to...

Author(s): Yewayan Larba Berenger KABORE, Jean TESTA, Aristide Romaric BADO, Anyovi FOLLY and Souleymane KABORE  

June 2020

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Analysis of economic efficiency among smallholder sorghum producers in Kenya

This study used Cobb-Douglas Stochastic Profit Frontier to analyze economic efficiency of sorghum farmers in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya. Using a multi-stage stratified sample of 259 farmers, results depicted a wide range of profit efficiency between the best (0.96) and the worst (0.12) farmer with a mean of 0.17. The actual and potential profit was USD 164.88 ha-1 and USD 969.87 ha-1 respectively. This indicates that,...

Author(s): Backson Mwangi, Ibrahim Macharia and Eric Bett  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Control of papaya fruits anthracnose by essential oils of medicinal plants associated to different coatings

Chemical pesticides have been commonly used for the control of various plant diseases. Although pathogens can be controlled with the application of these products, there are hazardous impacts in human health and environment. In parallel, essential oils have been shown to be effective in plant diseases management and can be safely incorporated as suitable alternatives for synthetic fungicides. Therefore, the aim of this...

Author(s): Bruna Leticia Dias, Priscila Fonseca Costa, Mateus Sunti Dakin, Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mou rao, Felipe Rocha Dias, Rosangela Ribeiro de Sousa, Ped ro Raym undo Argiielles Osorio, Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Fabricio Souza Campos and Gil Rod rigues Dos Santos  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
The effects of aqueous extract of Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth in the immune functions of thymocytes and B-lymphocytes

Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth (Fabaceae) is a tree species used in folk medicine against inflammatory disorders, and it is still unclear whether consumption of the B. virgilioides stem bark extract has any effect on immune cells. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of B. virgilioides stem bark extract (AEBv) on the functions of the thymus and B lymphocytes. The AEBv was obtained by decoction and administrated...

Author(s): Maria Danielma dos Santos Reis, Larissa Fernanda de Araújo Vieira, Altair Rogério Alves Brandão, Emiliano Barreto, and Salete Smaniotto,  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Hydroethanolic stem bark extract of Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Asteraceae) suppresses yeast-induced pyrexia and Plasmodium berghei malaria in murine models

Vernonia amygdalina has been widely utilized in Ghana and other West African states for numerous parasitic infections, diabetes and some inflammatory conditions. In this study we evaluated the antipyretic and antimalarial properties as well as in vitro antioxidant activities of an ethanolic stem bark extract of V. amygdalina (VAE). The antipyretic effect of VAE was assessed using Baker’s yeast-induced pyrexia and...

Author(s): Anna Kwarley Quartey, Yakubu Jibira, Arnold Forkuo-Donkor, Isaac Ayensu, Adwoa Agyakoma Oduro-Kwarteng, Sussana Emi-Reynolds Asuamah and Patience Noah  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antibacterial, cytotoxic, and schistosomicidal activities of the methanolic extract from Cassia grandis L.f. (Fabaceae) stem bark and its fractions

Cassia grandis L. (Fabaceae), a native tree from Amazon Forest, has been used in folk medicine against worms and intestinal parasites, and to treat stomach and respiratory problems, blood diseases, among others uses. This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, and schistosomicidal activities of the methanolic extract from C. grandis stem bark (CgME) and to elucidate the chemical profile of...

Author(s): Luciméri Paulino Machado Magalhães, Bárbara Azevedo Ramos, Márcia Vanusa da Silva, Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia, Kêsia Xisto Fonseca Ribeiro de Sena, Túlio Diego da Silva, André de Lima Aires, Mônica Camelo Pessôa de Azevedo Albuquerque, Gardênia Carmen Gadelha Militão, Teresinha Gonçalves da Silva, Renata Mendonça Araújo, Julianna Ferreira Cavalcanti de Albuquerque and Rafael Matos Ximenes  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Biological properties and therapeutic applications of cannabidiol

Cannabis sp. has important pharmacological activities, so it has been the focus of attention of the scientific community. Through the search for new drugs, it was found that cannabinoids present in the plant can modulate transient potential receptors (TPR). Cannabidiol (CBD), also known as “medical marijuana”, represents the second most abundant phytocannabinoid of the Cannabis plant and it is widely used in...

Author(s): Elanne Costa Glória, Adriana Idalina Torcato de Oliveira, Juliana Fonseca Moreira da Silva and Raphael Sanzio Pimenta,  

June 2020

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition and biological potentials of Lebanese Cupressus sempervirens L. leaves’ extracts

The essential oils and defatted ethanolic extracts isolated from Cupressus sempervirens L. leaves collected from two geographically distinct regions in Lebanon; Beit El-Dein (mountain) and Jbeil (sea-side) were analysed for their chemical composition by GC/MS and qualitative phytochemical screening, respectively. These were then tested for their in-vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Fourteen and eighteen...

Author(s): Layal Anka, Hassan Rammal, Ahmad Kobeissi and Hamid Bou Saab  

June 2020

International Journal of Livestock Production
Comparative effects of Moringa oleifera powder and soybean meal on the zootechnical parameters of the ISA Brown pullet

Poultry farming is an important sector of the Beninese agriculture. But this sector is facing economic difficulties. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Moringa oleifera powder and soybean meal on zootechnical parameters in the ISA Brown pullet. For this purpose, the experiment was carried out on a total of 250 day-old chicks with an initial average weight of 40 ± 1 g. Among these chicks, 25...

Author(s): Jacques S. Adouko, Bienvenu O. M. Koutonin, Kévin S. Kassa, Arnaud S. S. Soha, Fréjus O. H. Ohouko and Jacques T. Dougnon  

June 2020

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effect of nutritional flushing on reproductive and body weight performance of Abergelle goat does

This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of flushing on the reproductive and body weight change on Abergelle breed does. The study indicated that a mix of 300 or 450 g wheat bran (WB) with 50 g noug seed cake (NSC) flushed per day improved the does’ conception rate (70 to 80%) and kidding rate (70%); while does flushed with low concentrate level (150 g WB plus 50 g NSC) or those not flushed had poor and reduced...

Author(s): Minister Birhanie, Mulalem Zenebe and Hailai Hagos  

June 2020

International Journal of Livestock Production
The last of us? An online survey among German farm veterinarians about the future of veterinary training, livestock farming and the profession in general

This online survey investigated how German farm veterinarians perceive the future of their profession. According to the participants, the following topics should play a greater role in veterinary training: Economics, herd health management, practical education, agricultural knowledge and animal welfare issues. The top answer indicates that knowledge about entrepreneurship is seen as a crucial competence of...

Author(s): Christian Dürnberger  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Production of liquid fertilizer by fermented livestock liquid and application on crops

The livestock liquid commonly contains humic acid, amino acids and minerals; hence, it can be used for the fertilization of crops. These studies were conducted to examine the use of livestock fermented liquid in producing liquid fertilizers and irrigation application on two kinds of crops (tomato and wax apple). The experiments were designed as common liquid fertilizer and diluted by groundwater (CF), fermented...

Author(s): Yong-Hong Lin, Yi-Lang Wei, Juei-Yu Chiu, Tai-Yuan Chen and Chih-Hang Chang  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of combined salt and flooding stresses on the growth and physiological behavior of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

The present work focused on evaluation of the physiological and metabolic behavior of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L., var. Siriver), when faced with two important ecosystems constraints, namely salinity and flooding-associated hypoxia. After germination, seedlings in symbiosis with Sinorhizobium meliloti were grown on different salt concentrations (0, 20 and 50 mM NaCl). At four weeks post-germination, plants were...

Author(s): Hajer Sghaier, Achref Aloui, Ayda Khadri, Samira Aschi-Smiti and Renaud Brouquisse  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Promotion of rice growth and productivity as a result of seed inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense

The present study refers to the results obtained in four experiments carried out in the 2015/2016 crop: Toledo/PR; Palotina/PR; Cascavel/PR; and São Miguel do Iguaçu/PR. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the agronomic efficiency of Azospirillum brasilense (pest strains Ab-V5 and Ab-V6) in four distinct rice culture regions (Oryza sativa L.). The tests were performed to meet the...

Author(s): Vandeir Francisco Guimarães, Jeferson Klein, Marcos Barbosa Ferreira and Débora Kestring Klein  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Severity and prevalence of the destructive fall armyworm on maize in Uganda: A case of Bulambuli District

Maize kernel contains a large quantity of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, oils, fats and competes favorably with root and tuber crops as a rich energy source. In Uganda, the per capita consumption ranges from 28 to 125 kg per annum. However, the yields remain low, fluctuating around 1.5 tons per hectare. Although some losses to maize production occur through the post-harvest period, pre-harvest factors such as biotic...

Author(s): Buteme Sharon, Masanza Michael and Masika Fred Bwayo  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Potential of reduced agricultural lime application rates to increase yield and profitability of maize through microdosing in central Malawi - A short note

Maize (Zea mays L.) is a staple food crop in Malawi, with average yields of 1.8 -2.2 t ha-1 compared to potential yields of 5 to 10 t ha-1. In some areas, soil acidity is a serious constraint in crop production. The current recommendation is to apply 2.0 t ha-1 of lime as pre-plant broadcast and incorporated into soils with pHW < 5.5. A pilot study was conducted during 2015/2016 season at Bunda Campus (14° 35...

Author(s): Martin Lolani and Vernon H. Kabambe  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Role of leaf rolling on agronomic performances of durum wheat subjected to water stress

In arid and semi-arid climates characterized by low rainfall with a great annual and inter-annual irregularity, drought can occur at any time inducing large losses in crop yield. Leaf rolling is one of the adaptive morphological responses to the water deficit observed in a number of species including cereals. It reduces the leaf area exposed to sunlight and transpiration. The aim of the present work was to characterize...

Author(s): Amal Ben-Amar, Anne-Aliénor Véry, Hervé Sentenac, Abdelaziz Bouizgaren, Said Mahboub, Nasser Elhaq Nsarellah and Keltoum El Bouhmadi  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Fertilizer-nitrogen use optimization for Tef in South Wollo Zone of Ethiopia

Tef [Eragrotis tef] is a major staple cereal crop in Ethiopia but yields are low due to inadequate nutrient supply and other constraints. A field study was conducted in 2014 and 2015 in Jamma district of South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region to determine the economic optimum rate of fertilizer-N for tef. Fertilizer-N rates of 0, 23, 46, 69, 92, 115 and 138 kg ha-1 were evaluated. The randomized complete block design with...

Author(s): Abebe Getu Asfaw, Samuel Adissie Gedamu, Habtemariam Teshome Abushe, Tilahun Taye Mekonen, Seid Belay Muhamed and Tadesse Hailu Shibeshi  

June 2020

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Selection of drought tolerant genotypes in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) using indices

A study was carried out to evaluate the effect of drought stress on pod yield and other traits of groundnut genotypes to select the ten best performing genotypes using indices. Ninety six genotypes including 90 F2:3 progenies, 4 parents and 2 checks were planted under well-watered (WW) and water-stressed (WS) conditions at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ICRISAT, Mali. Six selection...

Author(s): Ousmane Sanogo, Pangirayi B. Tongoona, Kwadwo Ofori and Haile Desmae  

June 2020

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Validation of blended NPSB fertilizer rates on yield, yield components of Teff [Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter] at vertisols of Hatsebo, Central Tigray, Ethiopia

Application of unbalanced nutrition was the main yield limiting factor in the study area. Hence, an experiment was conducted during the 2017 cropping season on farmers’ fields to validate and determine optimum blended fertilizer rate for teff production. Eight levels of NPSB (0, 25, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 kg ha-1) and recommended NP (100 kg ha-1 urea and 100 kg ha-1TSP) were used as treatments and set in...

Author(s): Tewolde Berhe, Gebreyohannes Girmay and Abrha Kidanemariam  

June 2020

Scientific Research and Essays
Impact of some heavy metals on bacterial utilization of kerosene in liquid medium

Potential petroleum degrading bacteria, Pseudomonas aerogenosa and Micrococcus sp. was isolated from petroleum contaminated soil in petroleum microbiology laboratory, Department of Microbiology University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Hydrocarbon utilization in liquid media was assessed through time – course optical density measurement. Concentrations of the heavy metals ranging from 50 to 200 mg/L were introduced into 100...

Author(s): Okobo Uchenna Jude, Chibuzor Nwadibe Eze and Akpi Uchenna Kalu  

June 2020

International Journal of Livestock Production
The performance of artificial insemination delivery system in Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and Tigray Regions of Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples and Tigray regions of the country to provide information on the performance of Artificial Insemination (AI) service delivery system, its seasonality and effectiveness. Semi-structured questionnaire was prepared to interview AI technicians (on their performance and related issues) and farmers (about the outcome of AI services). Data on...

Author(s): Kassahun Melesse, Ashenafi Mengistu and Driba Geleti  

June 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
GC-MS analysis of bioactive compounds and evaluation of antimicrobial activity of the extracts of Daedalea elegans: A Nigerian mushroom

Phytochemicals are naturally occurring compounds present in varying levels in plants and help significantly in protecting them against pathogens. The chemical composition of acetone and ethanolic extracts of Daedalea elegans were determined using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Twenty-eight and fourty-four compounds were identified in the acetone and ethanolic extracts respectively. Only four compounds were found...

Author(s): Grace Oluwatoyin Mensah-Agyei, Kolawole IfeOluwa Ayeni and Cajethan Onyebuchi Ezeamagu  

June 2020

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Risky sexual behaviors and substance use among youths in post-conflict Liberia

Sexually transmitted infections pose a public health crisis globally and in low and middle-income countries, and substance use has been linked to an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual behaviors among youths. This work aims to explore the relationship between substance use and risky sexual behaviors among school-based youths in Liberia. An 86-question survey was developed to collect information about substance...

Author(s): Temitope Ogundare, Senait Ghebrehiwet, Benjamin L. Harris, Babawale Ojediran, Alison M. Duncan, Haniya S. Syeda, David C. Henderson,  and Christina P. C. Borba,  

June 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated with cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) growing in the Far-North region of Cameroon

The present study was carried out with the aim of highlighting the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated with the rhizosphere of cotton grown in the Far-North region of Cameroon. To achieve this, composite soil and root samples were taken in six fields, chosen according to edapho-climatic conditions and types of cultural practices. After entrapping the glomales in the greenhouse, the roots of the...

Author(s): Ismael Haman Ramza, Honore Issa Koulagna, Abaka Abba Said, Philippe Kosma and Clautilde Megueni  

June 2020

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and awareness of pregnant women on HIV and AIDS in Butwal, Nepal

This study examined knowledge and awareness regarding HIV and AIDS among pregnant women in Butwal, Nepal. Pregnant women were selected using a systematic random sampling method from the antenatal care registry at every 5th and 10th interval. Although 80% of women mentioned unprotected sexual contact as the major route of HIV transmission, only 36.7% women knew that HIV can be transmitted from the infected mothers to...

Author(s): Rudra Dahal, Khimananda Bhandari and Kamala Adhikari  

June 2020

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Association of glycaemia control, age and duration of morbidity with the quality of life in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus attending the tertiary care hospital in field practice area of Ottapalam Palakad

Diabetes is a chronic progressive endocrine disease characterized by elevation of blood glucose level. This disease is associated with decreased life expectancy; increased morbidity and diminished quality of life. The objective of the study is to assess the correlation of glycaemic control, age and duration of disease with quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  The present cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Arjit Kumar and Singh Amit Kumar  

June 2020

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Efficacy of Newcastle disease vaccines and vaccination protocols commonly used in Mali, West Africa

Newcastle disease, caused by Avian paramyxovirus -1 (APMV-1), is a devastating disease of poultry that is endemic in many countries worldwide. Several commercial vaccines and protocols are available against the disease and in most cases, they provide good clinical protection. However, despite vaccination, cases of Newcastle disease are often seen in some countries, including Mali in West Africa. Although there is only...

Author(s): Marthin Dakouo, Patricia Gil, Mamadou Fofana, Mamadou Niang, Moussa Kongossia Coulibaly, Kassim Samaké, Abdallah Traoré, Boubacar O. Diallo, Emmanuel Albina, Flabou Bougoudougou, and Renata Servan de Almeida,  

June 2020

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Clinicians’ perception and assessment of risk factors for surgical site infections in small animal practice in South-West, Nigeria

This study evaluated the prevalence of Surgical Site Infections (SSIs), the enhancing risk factors in small animal hospitals and clinics, and clinicians’ perception of SSIs in South-west, Nigeria. Ten years (2007-2017) surgical patients’ case records from four government veterinary hospitals were initially studied. Fifty-seven copies of structured pre-tested questionnaires were further administered to...

Author(s): Eyarefe O. D. and Adeyemi I. M.  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Perception and uptake of aquaculture technologies in Kogi state, central Nigeria: imperative for Improved Management practices for sustainable aquaculture development

The drivers of perception and adoption of aquaculture innovations were studied. Data obtained from 300 aquaculture operators, were analyzed using Heckman Probit sample selection model. Results revealed that perception and adoption of aquaculture innovations were high. Education (a=0.281), extension contact (a=0.149), experience (a=0.021), gender (a=0.440) and information source (a=0.145) increased the likelihood of...

Author(s): Unekwu Onuche, Mojisola Abosede Oladipo, Tina Enize and Ogala Daikwo  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of pre-rice cassava/legume intercrops and weed management practices on weed dynamics and yield of low land rice in Badeggi, Nigeria

The effects of cassava/legume intercrop-rice relay and weed management practices on weed infestation, growth and yield of rice were investigated at Badeggi, Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria in 2011 to 2013 cropping seasons. The treatments consisted of factorial combination of cassava (IIT 427) intercrop with: Mucuna or Velvet bean [Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.], Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.], Soybean [Glycine max...

Author(s): A. U. Gbanguba, E. Daniya, M. G. M. Kolo, P. A. Ibrahim, U. Ismaila and A. Umar  

June 2020

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysing chicken meat production comparative advantage of South Africa

The study examined the relative efficiency of producing chicken meat in South Africa, in 2017, and its comparative advantage in chicken meat production in Southern African Development Community (SADC). The study used the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) to calculate the net financial and economic profitability, Nominal Protection Coefficient of output (NPCO), Nominal Protection Coefficient of input (NPCI), Effective...

Author(s): K. V. Pilusa, A. Belete and V. A. Baloi  

June 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
Responses of soybeans (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) associated with variable plant density stress applied at different phenological stages: Plasticity or elasticity?

The study evaluated developmental responses associated with plant population density stress applied at different phenological phases and effects on grain yield in determinate and indeterminate soybean (Glycine max L.). A split-split plot design with four replications, with variety (main plot), plant density (sub plot) and thinning time (sub-subplot) was adopted. Two determinate genotypes (Lukanga and SC Semeki) and an...

Author(s): Noah Manda and Mebelo Mataa  

June 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Phenotypic detection of extended spectrum β-lactamase and Metallo β-lactamase production by Gram negative uropathogens after exposure to gamma radiation

Eighty-five uropathogen isolates were collected and differentiated on the basis of their Gram stain reaction. Among the collected isolates, 25 (29.4%) were Gram positive cocci and 60 (70.6%) were Gram negative bacilli. Antibiotic susceptibility profile towards 15 different antibiotics concluded that impenime (IMP), amikacin (AK) and Pipperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) were the most effective against Gram negative; while...

Author(s): Yehia Ahmed El-Zawahry, Lotfy Abd-El-Rehem Mousa, Eman Araby and Salma Abd El Monsef-Elnahass  

Page 11 of 1199, showing 50 records out of 59922 total, starting on record 501, ending on 550