Articles

 

Articles

Page 11 of 1239, showing 50 records out of 61916 total, starting on record 501, ending on 550

October 2021

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Dietary patterns and nutritional adequacy among the youth (aged 15-24 years) in Ruaka-Nairobi and The Technical University of Kenya

Malnutrition, in all its forms, is a problem of global proportions and requires urgent action. In many parts of the world, most adolescents receive inadequate nutrients needed to meet the body’s daily requirements in terms of quantity, frequency, and quality to survive, grow and develop to their full potential. Food systems are therefore important in addressing problems of malnutrition, food insecurity and...

Author(s): Catherine W. Kimani, Mukani Moyo, Lucy Mwaura and Tawanda Muzhingi  

October 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Comparative study of wild chamomile plants from the north-west of Morocco: Bioactive components and total antioxidant activity

Morocco presents numerous plants due its localization between the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean and the variability of its mountainous terrain, with a rich range of medicinal plants. Cladanthus mixtus (L.) Oberpr. & Vogt and Matricaria chamomilla L., two Asteraceae (Compositae) from Beni Hassane region in north-western Morocco are both used in traditional medicine for the treatment of different ailments. The...

Author(s): Amina EL MIHYAOUI, María Emilia Candela CASTILLO, Antonio CANO, Josefa HERNANDEZ-RUIZ, Ahmed LAMARTI and Marino Bañon ARNAO  

October 2021

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Competitive strategies for purchasing of cocoa by licensed buying companies in Ghana: The determinants and performance implications

This study explored the different competitive strategies used by the Licensed Buying Companies (LBC), the determinants of their choices and how it affected their performance. It also determined whether these strategies used influenced a farmer’s decision to sell the cocoa beans to the LBCs as well as the constraints faced by farmers and the LBCS in doing business. Primary data was used for this study. Descriptive...

Author(s): John-Eudes Bakang, Alexander Annor Frimpong, Seth Etuah, Enoch Kwame Tham-Agyekum, Isaac Nii Sowah, Emmanuel Amponsah Doodo, Mark Amponsah, Evelyn Kyeraa Boateng and Mariama Iddrisu  

October 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Pattern of refractive errors in persons with albinism in two states of North-Western Nigeria

Albinism is a heterogenous group of disorders of melanin synthesis or distribution that is genetically inherited. Refractive errors are common in participants with albinism and high values have been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of refractive errors in people living with albinism in North-Western Nigeria. This was a prospective hospital-based study, carried out over 12 months from April...

Author(s): Sadiq Hassan, Saudat G. Habib, Philips I. Ebisike, Rabi Y. Sani, Eiman Bashir, Saudat M. Umar and Lawan Abdu  

October 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Mode of inheritance for resistance to FOC Race 1 and fruit quality traits in Sukali Ndizi cultivar of Banana

Information on the genetic control of resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.cubense (FOC) race (1) and fruit quality traits in Sukali Ndizi cultivar of banana is key to its genetic improvement. The mode of resistance to Fusarium wilt in Sukali Ndizi was analyzed in 536 hybrids and 5 parental lines and quality attributes in 137 hybrids and two parental lines, grown in same environment. Fruit quality was assessed by...

Author(s): Henry Buregyeya,, Kashub S. Tumwesigye, Moses Matovu, Kephas Nowakunda, Priver Namanya, Wilberforce K. Tushemereirwe, Eldad Karamura and Patrick Rubaihayo  

October 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Performance evaluation of a cassava solar dryer in Busia County

Cassava roots are processed by peeling using knives, chopping into small pieces, then dried and milled into flour with dried maize, sorghum or millet. This traditional method of drying takes 7 to 14 days and is prone to contamination. The objective of this study was to add value to small scale farmers’ cassava in Busia County through solar drying. Fresh cassava roots were peeled and washed in running water and...

Author(s): Richard Njue and Noah Wawire  

October 2021

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Surgical management and long term postoperative follow-up of atrial septal defects in adults

The aim is to report an Ivorian experience of the surgical management of atrial septal defects in adulthood. Our retrospective study included 19 patients over 18 years old operated on for atrial septal defects (ASD) between January 2005 and December 2015 at the Abidjan Heart Institute (AHI). 13 women and 6 men with a mean age of 26±9.07 years were included. For each patient we noted the clinical and para-clinical...

Author(s): Kouassi Antonin SOUAGA, Jean Calaire DEGRÉ, Koutouan Eric KATCHÉ, Yoboua Aimé KIRIOUA-KAMENAN, Kwadjau Anderson AMANI, Gnamien Randolph NIAVA, Kouadio Joseph KOUAME, Landry KOHOU-KONE, Yves N&#;GORAN, Kouassi Flavien KENDJA, Michel KANGAH

October 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of fertilizer placement on storage root yield and leaf elemental concentration of ‘Whatley/Loretan’ sweetpotato variety

Field studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of various fertilizer placements on nutrient uptake, growth responses, storage root yield and leaf elemental concentration of Whatley/Loretan sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.]. The fertilizer placement treatments comprised broadcast (Br), banded at two different widths (Ba), side dressing (Sd) or applied in various combinations of the above, and an untreated...

Author(s): Daniel S. Ahiabor, Desmond G. Mortley, Conrad K. Bonsi and Eunice A. Bonsi  

October 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Clinical pharmacists education and counselling in patients with co-morbid hypertension and diabetes in a Municipal hospital in Ghana

Hypertension and diabetes co-morbidity are very common chronic diseases in today’s world. Patients with such conditions may have medication related problems. Assessment was made on the impact of clinical pharmacists’ led education and counselling in patients with co-morbid hypertension and diabetes in a hospital setting. This study was done at the medical outpatient department (OPD) of a Municipal Hospital...

Author(s): Kwakye A. O., Buabeng K. O., Opare-Addo N. A. M. and Owusu-Dabo E.  

October 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Molecular characterization of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine resistant malaria parasites among pregnant women in Anambra State, Nigeria

The study determined the prevalence of malaria parasitemia among pregnant women using Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) and assessed Plasmodium falciparum dihydropteroate reductase (Pfdhfr) and dihydropteroate synthetase (Pfdhps) resistance genes among the subjects. Three hundred and ninety consenting pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria...

Author(s): Isaac Okezie Godwin, Ifeoma Mercy Ekejindu, George Uchenna Eleje, Christian Chibuzo Ibeh, Dorothy Amauche Ezeagwuna, Chigozie Geoffrey Okafor and Ahaneku Iherue Osuji  

October 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Spatio-temporal distribution of Naididae tubificids species and bio-evaluation of the quality of some surface water bodies of Yaoundé, Cameroon

Despite their great interest for the integrated management of water resources, information on the ecology of aquatic oligochaetes is still sketchy in Cameroon. The present study aims at contributing to the knowledge on the distribution, microhabitat and life history of Naididae tubificids taxa in some eight water bodies of the city of Yaoundé. A total of 132 samples were analysed and the morphospecies Branchiura...

Author(s): Moussima Yaka Diane Armelle, Ajeagah Gideon Aghaindum and Bilong Bilong Charles Félix

October 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessing and plugging the missing links for effective community participation in the Strategic Environmental Assessment and Land Use Plan of Yala Wetland, Kenya

Wetlands are one of the world’s most important environmental assets but currently face complex challenges. Wetlands’ long-term sustainability require participation of the riparian communities in their management, yet this involvement in seeking solutions to wetland’s resources use remains a grave challenge. Yala Wetland, Kenya is a very important resource whose challenges revolve around land and water...

Author(s): Douglas Ouma Odero and Victor A. O. Odenyo

October 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Application of renewable technology for mitigating environmental hazards of palm oil industry: Strategy for climate change and adaptation

Improper disposal and burning of agricultural residues are commonly practiced in some developing countries in which harmful gaseous products released into the atmosphere and some are depleted and reacted with the soil causing environmental pollution. Renewable technology can therefore be introduced for the utilization of the residues and ensure proper storage medium of the residues. An investigation was carried out on...

Author(s): Onifade T. B., Akanni A. O., Wandiga S. O. and Harvey P. J.

October 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Uses and microbiological quality of fresh cow's milk sold in three markets in South Benin

The aim of this study was to determine the common uses and evaluate the microbiological safety of raw milk sold in southern Benin. To determine the different uses of raw milk, 345 individuals were surveyed in three locations (Allada, Ouidah, and Zongo). Per location, 115 individuals were randomly sampled. For the microbial analysis, milk samples were collected from the three targeted locality in southern Benin (Allada,...

Author(s): Oumarou DJOBO, Haziz SINA, Pocoun Damè KOMBIENOU, Wilfrande Morenikè DJENONTIN, Virgile AHYI, Issaka Youssao Abdou KARIM, Adolphe ADJANOHOUN, Manuel RENDUELES and Lamine BABA-MOUSSA  

October 2021

African Journal of Business Management
A meta-synthesis of trade logistics influence on international trade

Logistics systems are inexplicably linked to trade and investment, and their significance in describing a country’s competitiveness in an increasingly globalized world is growing. Improved trade logistics, in conjunction by a way of more economic liberalization climate, increased volume and size of trade, as well as reach in distribution and production activities. With careful reviews, the study discussed a...

Author(s): Yekini Ojenya Salawu and Seyed Mohammadreza Ghadiri

October 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Environmental factors influencing the presence of the Stone Partridge (Ptilopachus petrosus) and phytoecological characterization of its habitat in Benin, Western Africa

Understanding the habitat preference of the Stone Partridge (Ptilopachus petrosus) is a crucial step for its conservation and management across different ecosystems. This study was focused on the environmental factors and the vegetation data of the species habitat which were collected from 60 plots surveyed along 6 perpendiculars transects. Binary logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between the...

Author(s): Christelle Sevenou Aimee CODJIA, Anselm Ego ONYIMONYI, Toussaint Olou LOUGBEGNON and Jean Timothée Claude CODJIA

October 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Simultaneous selection for grain yield and stability of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] genotypes in Northeast Ethiopia

Sorghum is an important crop in Ethiopia. However, its productivity is low owing to lack of farmer-preferred and stable improved varieties. To identify suitable cultivars, multi-environment evaluation of sorghum genotypes was carried out at four locations for two years. The result of AMMI ANOVA showed that genotype (G), environment (E) and genotype-environment interaction (G×E) significantly (P<0.01) affected...

Author(s): Fisseha Worede, Fasil Tarekegn and Kebede Teshome  

October 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of the parasite load of lettuce, tomato and cucumber from some large vegetables production sites in Mali

Fresh vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet. Consumed raw, they could be agents of transmission of intestinal parasites. The frequency and variability of parasites eggs on thirty-two samples each of lettuce, tomato and cucumber form irrigated vegetable farms in Bamako, Kati, Baguineda, Samanko, Sikasso and Niono were evaluated. The parasite load was assessed using Uga et al. method, which consist the...

Author(s): Sanata Traoré, Mamadou Weleba Bagayoko, Fassé Samaké, and Amadou Hamadoun Babana  

October 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Rabies virus in biting dogs and behaviour at risk of zoonotic transmission of rabies in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Rabies is an infectious, viral disease, usually inoculable by dog bite and common to humans and other mammals. It is a major zoonosis but neglected especially in Africa. However, it is the most serious and feared zoonosis in the world because once declared it leads inevitably to death. The objective of this study was to search for rabies virus in biting dogs received in 2020 at the veterinary clinic of the National...

Author(s): Dieudonné Tialla,  

October 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Characterization of bacterial strains from bacterial culture collection of rice sheath in Burundi highlights an Alcaligenes species strain with antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas fuscovaginae rice pathogen

The sheath rot rice disease is known to be associated to Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and a recent study on the symptomatic of sheath rot revealed that this bacterial pathogen is abundant in highland rice ecology cultivation in Burundi. From asymptomatic samples of sheath rice, a collection of bacterial isolates and culturable microbiome have been carried out. A comparison between the culturable microbiome and total...

Author(s): Musonerimana Samson, , Cristina Bez, Habarugira Georges, Bigirimana Joseph and Vittorio Venturi  

October 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Biosafety, bacteriological quality and strategy of biopreservative administration for controlling spoilage bacteria in Thai traditional dried seafood products

Biosafety has currently become an important public health issue in seafood industry of Thailand. In order to enhance quality of seafood products, three phases of study were established. In the first phase, biosafety of traditional processed squid sold in Chon Buri province, Thailand compiled from literatures between 2002 and 2019 was evaluated. The squid products represented a health hazard due to 86.5% samples, having...

Author(s): Subuntith Nimrat, Pornpimon Soodsawaeng, Nanticha Rattanamangkalanon, Traimat Boonthai and Verapong Vuthiphandchai

October 2021

Journal of African Studies and Development
Examining the fragments and causes of increasing out-of-school children in Nigeria

In spite of various policy initiatives and institutional frameworks, a good number of school-age children roam the streets of Nigeria. Nigeria unduly tops the rank in the total number of out-of-school children in the global scene. Now, about 16 million Out-Of-School Children (OOSC) live in Nigeria, and this means that about one out of five OOSC in the world relate to Nigeria. The number has increased from 8.7 million in...

Author(s): Mohammed Manzuma-Ndaaba Ndanusa, Quadri Kolapo Abayomi and Yoshifumi Harada

October 2021

Journal of African Studies and Development
Urbanization in Africa: Integrating multiculturalism in urban development in Uganda

This paper demonstrates the need to integrate multiculturalism in urban development in Uganda with some policy proposals on how multiculturalism can be integrated into urban development. Through a qualitative research in Arua city in Uganda, findings showed that the city like other cities in Uganda is a culturally diverse city and minority ethnic groups or tribes are at the risk of exclusion if multiculturalism is not...

Author(s): Paul Ogwang Tulibaleka, Keneth Tumwesigye and Lillian Ssunga Nakayima

October 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of water requirement for rice crop at Cyabayaga wetland in Nyagatare District, Eastern Province, Rwanda

The overall objective of this present research is assessment of rice-water requirement in Cyabayaga wetland of Nyagatare District in Rwanda. Specific objectives of this research project were to collect and analyze weather parameters, of soil physical properties, crop-water requirements and to recommend efficient water management of the study area. Research design, data collection and field observations were made during...

Author(s): Valens Nkundabashaka, Sylvestre Habimana, Rose Niyonkuru, Claude Kayijuka, Antoine Karangwa, Saidi  Rumanzi Mbaraka, Fabrice Rwalinda Musana, Eularie Mutamuliza and Marie Chantal Mutimawurugo

October 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Factors affecting the internal audit effectiveness in local government institutions in Ghana

The paper examines the factors that affect the effectiveness of internal auditing in local government institutions in Ghana. Questionnaires were administered to the Internal Audit staff and Audit Committee members of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly in the Greater Accra region. Factor analyses were used to answer the closed-ended questions whilst the open-ended type was analysed based on recurring themes. It was found...

Author(s): Daniel Kofi Quampah, Hussein Salia, Karim Fusheini and Nicholas Adoboe-Mensah

October 2021

UNIZIK Journal of Educational Research and Policy Studies
Effect of gender on Basic Science students’ academic achievement in secondary schools in Enugu Education Zone, Enugu State, Nigeria

Junior secondary schools’ achievement in Basic Science continues to fall below expectations, despite several interventions by multiple stakeholders. Hence, there is need to research more on gender effects on the delivery of Basic Science curricula content. This study, therefore, examined the effect of gender on Basic Science students’ academic achievement in secondary school. A pre-test, post-test,...

Author(s): Ani I. Mercy, Obodo C. Abigail, Ikwueze C. Chikodiri and Festus I. Tafi  

October 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Analysis of the activities used in English textbooks regarding the multiple intelligences theory in Jordan

This study analyzes the activities used in the English series of Action Pack textbooks in accordance with multiple intelligences theory. This series is used in teaching the English language for grades nine, ten and twelve in Jordan. The researcher analyzed 608 activities to decide which type of multiple intelligences is more common in the targeted activities. The results indicate that the linguistic and spatial...

Author(s): Hamza Mohammad Ali Al Maharma

October 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Ownership structure, financing constraints and inefficient investment: empirical analyses of Chinese data

Using the data of A-share listed companies in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges from 2008 to 2017, this paper empirically tests the moderating role of ownership structure between financing constraints and inefficient investment. The study found that rational use of the moderating effect of ownership structure is of great significance to improve the investment efficiency of enterprises. When there are financing...

Author(s): Hong-xing Tu  

October 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Local economic development in Nelson Mandela Bay and Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipalities: An empirical investigation

Albeit in its infancy, South Africa’s LED practice is a benchmark of a large number of African countries in general and southern African countries in particular. The practice stand out for its massive and growing LED budgets, robust legal and a variety of  LED governance structures, amongst others. This study seeks to answer three critical questions: What LED facets (particular aspects) are available in...

Author(s): Mativenga Ngatiane, Noluntu. S. Dyubhele and Hendrik Lloyd

October 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Corporate governance and voluntary disclosure: The case of listed firms on the Athens Stock Exchange

This paper explores the effect of corporate governance on voluntary disclosure. The investigation of the research question was based on hand-collected data from annual reports for a sample of 93 non-financial listed firms on the Athens Stock Exchange for 2017. Using several items to create a voluntary disclosure index, the authors investigate the arguments that ownership structure, board of directors (board) and audit...

Author(s): Christina Vadasi, Stergios Tasios and Michalis Bekiaris

October 2021

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Profile of CA 15-3 and CEA during breast cancer chemotherapy at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Biomarkers are considered as an innovative tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of breast cancer. The aim of the study was to assess the profile of circulating tumour markers CA 15-3 and CEA in patients under chemotherapy for breast cancer in Ouagadougou. This is a prospective cross-sectional study with a descriptive and analytical aims which was done from July to November 2020. Patients with histologically confirmed...

Author(s): Fabienne Marie SOUDRE, Alice KIBA, Arnaud KOURAOGO, Raoul KARFO, Aboubacar BAMBARA, Arsène KAGAMBEGA, Elie KABRE, and Jean SAKANDE,

October 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritive value of common housefly (Musca domestica) prepupae reared on broiler by-products as source of animal feed

Common housefly (Musca domestica) is one of the insects that is found in almost all parts of the world, it is found in diverse habitats making its life cycle stages such as larvae and pupae readily available for foraging poultry on free range systems. Large commercial poultry farms world-wide are experiencing low supply of animal based proteins and excess organic wastes generated from the farms. Common housefly prepupae...

Author(s): O. P. Eddy, C. O. Olweny and W. R. Mukabana  

October 2021

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Pipe irregularities mapping using tomographic instrumentation system

Formation of irregularities on the inner surface of pipes is a common phenomenon that leads to corrosion and affects the functionality in the processing industries. Ultrasonic is known as one of the non-destructive means to address the formation of irregularities inside pipes. In this study, an ultrasonic measurement system is developed to detect the presence of internal irregularities in a pipe. An ultrasonic sensor...

Author(s): Z. Zakaria, M. Idroas, M. K. N. Ramli, H. Abu Bakar, A. Samsuri and I. Ismail  

October 2021

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Secession and border disputes in Africa: The case of Sudan and South Sudan border

Conflicts in Africa are increasingly becoming violent and endemic. Many of these conflicts are related to crises of identities, struggles for resources and power contestations. A few of these conflicts escalate to self-determination, separatist movements, and secession. These conflicts mostly transcend national borders and trigger the alteration and redesigning of national borders, which itself becomes a source of...

Author(s): Abubakar Mohammed and Yahaya T. Baba

October 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors influencing smallholder farmers to participate in farmer-led research of agro-ecological practices in selected areas, Tanzania

Declining crop productivity is a great challenge facing smallholder farmers in Tanzania. Agro-ecological practices can improve crop productivity in a sustainable way and produce healthy food among smallholder farmers. Initiation of “Farmer-Led Research of Agro-Ecological Practices” (FLRAG) may enhance farmers’ capacities for innovation and co-develop suitable agro-ecological practices. This study aimed...

Author(s): Luambano Kihoma, Ayubu J. Churi, Camilius A. Sanga and Eugenio Tisselli  

October 2021

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Black carbon accumulation in extrapulmonary human tissues

Black carbon is a product of incomplete combustion and is associated with a number of adverse health outcomes in epidemiologic studies. To date, anatomic studies investigating the pathogenic mechanisms of black carbon in humans have confirmed black carbon particles accumulate in the lung and in the placenta of pregnant women, and are excreted in urine. In this feasibility study, the presence of black carbon particles...

Author(s): Rebecca Florsheim, Joseph P. Bressler, Gwendolyn Tsai, Natalia Drichko and Charles Steenbergen    

October 2021

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Evaluation of practices favoring the development of mycotoxigenic molds in rice sold in the retail markets of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

Mycotoxins constitute a real problem of public health because of their highly toxic effects for the populations. This study aims to evaluate the practices that favor aflatoxins and ochratoxin A development in rice sold on the markets of Abidjan (Cote d’Ivoire). A food consumption survey was conducted among 45 traders and 135 consumers of rice in three markets in Abobo and Cocody communes. A simple, open-ended...

Author(s): Ahou Léticia LOUKOU, Aholia Jean-Baptiste ADEPO, Atsé N&#;sa Romaric ALLOH and Kouakou BROU  

October 2021

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Compared efficiency of a commercial Neem oil (TopBio) and synthetic insecticide (Antouka Super®) in the management of Dinoderus porcellus Lesne (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) infesting yam chips

Dinoderus porcellus Lesne is the main pest of stored yam chips in West Africa. Despite their negative impact on the environment and human health, synthetic chemical pesticides are the main control method used by farmers for yam chips protection. This study aims to evaluate the biological effects of different doses (2.5 and 5%) of a commercial Neem oil (TopBio) and the chemical insecticide, Antouka Super® (Permethrin...

Author(s): Joelle Toffa, Yeyinou Laura Estelle Loko, Elie Ayitondji Dannon, Karim Zanzana, Josky Adikpeto, Noel Bada and Appolinaire Adandonon  

October 2021

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Exploring challenges of engaging in socio-economic activities due to traffic congestion in Sekondi-Takoradi

Undoubtedly traffic congestion continues to be a challenge that negatively impacts socio-economic activities in most cities in the world. It does not only hinder the smooth movement of people but also freight and services. Admittedly, there have been a number of studies that have examined the causes and effects of traffic congestion in Ghanaian cities; nonetheless, these studies have largely concentrated on the larger...

Author(s): Emmanuel Panin Acheampong, Louis Kusi Frimpong and & Jacob Doku Tetteh

October 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Analysis of the influence of precipitation patterns on wetland sizes in South-Eastern Zimbabwe

In this paper, the hypothesis that rainfall variability has an impact on wetland loss is tested. There is limited research in Zimbabwe that recognises the influence of rainfall variability on wetland loss. The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of rainfall variability on wetland size over time. Topographical maps, for the period 1972 to 2008, provided data on wetland locations and their changes in...

Author(s): Fidelis Makarati, Ruhiiga T. M. and Palamuleni L. G.

October 2021

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Association of hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Dakar

The association between hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome (MS) has been reported in many studies. The authors performed this cross-sectional study to determine the association between hyperuricemia and the MS among diabetic patients in Dakar. Type 2 diabetic patients received as part of their follow-up at the Marc Sankalé Center of Abass Ndao Hospital in Dakar were enrolled. For each patient, blood samples and...

Author(s): Nènè Oumou Kesso Barry, Moustapha Djite, Pape Matar Kandji, El Hadji Malick Ndour, Michel Assane Ndour, Demba Diedhiou, Gueye-Tall Fatou, Alix Palanga Koboyo, Ndeye Marieme Thioune, Najah Fatou Coly, Dominique Doupa, Maimouna Ndour Mbaye, Aynina Cisse, Pape Amadou Diop, Philomène Lopez Sall, Papa Madieye Gueye,

October 2021

Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews
A review on benefits of mass spectrometry for the small molecule drug discovery

The drug discovery is a very much time consuming as well as costly procedure. The Mass Spectrometry (MS) technology offers the aptitude for characterization, identification, as well as quantification of a target entity in a complex matrix and has settled into a leading analytical tool in the field of medicinal chemistry and drug discovery. However, by using specific MS-based techniques including personalized sample...

Author(s): Iqra Bano, Usman Dawood Butt, Ali Hafiz Akbar, Syed Agha Hasnain Mohsan and Safia Arbab

October 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Correlation of body mass index (BMI) with hematological indices and procoagulants among people with obesity in Sapele, Southern Nigeria

Obesity occurs when Body Mass Index (BMI) of an individual is above 30.0 with several effects on hematological indices and procoagulants hence, this study aims to evaluate correlation of BMI with hematological indices and procoagulants among people with obesity. This was a cross sectional and descriptive study carried out at Central Hospital, Sapele, General Hospital, Oghara and Biomed Diagnostic Centre, Sapele in...

Author(s): Kingsley Chukwuka Amaihunwa, Emmanuel Asuquo Etim, Everista Odaburhine Osime and Zacchaeus Awortu Jeremiah

October 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Spatial and regional directory of wild Auricularia species found in the forest of Southwest Nigeria

The African forest, which was and still is the heart of biodiversity, is fast losing its bio-components due to natural disasters and human encroachment. A catalogue of the bio-components of the African forest is imminent so that conservation programs can be established to safeguard rare germplasm(s) from extinction. The population density of wild Auricularia (Mushroom) of Southwestern Nigeria was the focus of this...

Author(s): Victor S. Ekun, Clementina O. Adenipekun, Omena B. Ojuederie and Peter M. Etaware

October 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidative and anti-aging activities of Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai extracts fermented with lactobacillus plantarum and lactobacillus brevis

Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai is a deciduous shrub that belongs to Oleaceae Abeliophyllum and grows only in Korea. In this study, the antioxidative activity, cytotoxicity, anti-aging activity, and levels of acteoside and isoacteoside were compared between non-fermented and fermented (using Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus brevis) extracts of A. distichum Nakai. The cytotoxicity of these extracts, along with...

Author(s): KiBeom Lee, Ju Hyun Park and Yun Sung Kim  

October 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
RAPD-based evaluation revealed genetically diverse populations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus lytic bacteriophages isolated in urban sewage and Ebrie Lagoon, Côte d’Ivoire

The application of bacteriophages biocontrol requires the formulation of genetically distinct bacteriophages in a phage cocktail. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) - PCR is considered a cheap, reproducible, and readily applicable tool in detecting phage diversity compared to other molecular techniques such as whole-genome sequencing. We used in this study the RAPD-PCR technique to assess the genetic diversity of...

Author(s): Audrey A. Addablah, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Eric E. Akpa, Emmanuella Adioumani, Fred M’Bourou Ndombi, Serge Aoussi and Mireille Dosso

October 2021

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
From the end of history to the end of neo-liberalism: From Fukuyama to Fukuyama

The emergence of neo-liberalism as a hegemonic ideological doctrine followed both the awkwardness of social democracy and the demise of communism, during the 1970s and 1990s. The main objective of neo-liberalism was to achieve socioeconomic development and political stability; using its unique instruments of liberalization, deregulation and privatization policies. To achieve these objectives, ideological indoctrination...

Author(s): Sibuh Gebeyaw Tareke

October 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Screening of rice endophytic natives biofertilizers with plant growth-promoting characteristics

In Mali, rice cultivation is faced with declining yields due to insufficient soil nutrients and diseases with yield losses of up to 80%. The use of endophytic bacteria and fungi is a more ecological and effective alternative compared to chemicals. This study aims to select at least one endophytic rice bacterium in combination with mycorrhizal fungi to improve the rice production in Mali and effectively control the...

Author(s): Amadou Hamadoun Dicko, Djeneba Nantoume, Djeneba Ouattara, Adounigna Kassogue, Rokiatou Fane, Ibrahima Malle, Bakaye Doumbia, Amadou Hamadoun Babana and Linda L. Kinkel  

October 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidant effects of ginger, garlic and onion aqueous extracts on 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (2-TBARS) and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) content in chevon and pork during frozen storage

The study investigated the effect of 10% aqueous extracts of ginger, garlic and onion on the quality and shelf life of frozen chevon and pork as reflected by changes in values of 2-thiobartituric acid reactive substances (2-TBARS) and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) over a 14 day storage under frozen conditions.  The pH, 2-TBARS and TVB-N of chevon and pork were measured from frozen storage at -20°C after...

Author(s): Lesten Eliez Chisomo Chatepa, Kingsley George Masamba and Jonathan Tanganyika

October 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Q fever in Tunisia, an underestimated infection

Q fever is a common zoonosis with almost a worldwide distribution caused by Coxiella burnetii. Farm animals and pets are the main reservoirs of infection and transmission to humans is usually via inhalation of contaminated aerosols. Infection in humans is often asymptomatic, but it can manifest as an acute disease (usually a self-limited flu-like illness, pneumonia or hepatitis) or as a chronic form (mainly...

Author(s): Naoufel Kaabia and Abdelkarim Bahloul

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