Articles

 

Articles

Page 11 of 1225, showing 50 records out of 61213 total, starting on record 501, ending on 550

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Career aspirations and decision making self efficacy: Secondary School Students’assessment based on KCSE exams in Kenya

The purpose of the study was to determine career decision making self efficacy by assessing career aspirations and attainment in National examinations. The objectives of the study were to: Find out the students sources of career information, assess career aspirations, and to determine career decision making self efficacy. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study population consisted of...

Author(s): Maureen Adhiambo Winga  

April 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Environmental and behavioural factors associated with Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in the district of Lalo in Benin: A case-control study

The mode of transmission of Buruli ulcer (BU) is not yet well understood. This study aimed to identify risk factors for BU in the district of Lalo in Benin. This is a case-control study taking into account all cases of BU detected from 2013 to 2018 and treated at the Buruli’s ulcer Screening and Treatment Center (CDTUB) of Lalo. For each case, two controls were matched according to age and sex. Conditional...

Author(s): Anagonou Gimatal Esaï, Sopoh Ghislain Emmanuel, Biaou Chabi Alphonse, Barogui Yves Thierry, Wadagni Anita Carolle, Gnimavo Sètondji Ronald, Ayelo Gilbert Adjimon, Saka Kora Eric, Houezo Jean Gabin and Johnson Roch Christian,  

April 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of tobacco use and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Maracha District, Uganda

Globally, tobacco use has become the largest public health threat that kills around 7 million people annually, of which about 6 million deaths are due to direct tobacco use, and 890,000 are attributed to passive smoking. This study assessed  prevalence and associated risk factors of tobacco use among pregnant women, 15 to 49 years.  Health facility-based  analytical cross-sectional study was conducted...

Author(s): John Bosco Alege, Russall Okudra Jurua, and Judith Drazidio  

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Seasonal impacts on antifungal activity and chemical composition of extracts from medicinal plants Turraea holstii and Clausena anisata

Curative dependence on season of harvest for medicinal plants is an alleged claim by traditional health practitioners. This study aimed to verify these claims by investigating antifungal activity and chemical profiles of two traditionally used medicinal plant species: Turraea holstii and Clausena anisata harvested in the rainy and dry seasons, with a view of establishing appropriate the season for optimal activity. The...

Author(s): Francis Machumi, Ester Innocent and Pius Yanda  

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-hyperglycemic effects of Stemonocoleus micranthus (Fabaceae) stem bark on alloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats

This study evaluated the anti-hyperglycemic potential of Stemonocoleus micranthus Harms. (Fabaceae) stem bark. Three models used in this study were: normoglycemic animal model, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and alloxan-induced hyperglycemic model for acute and prolonged administration. Five (5) groups of rats (n=5) were used for all models; group 1 served as the control (received 2 ml/kg of distilled water; p.o.),...

Author(s): Florence N. Mbaoji, Collins A. Onyeto, Okechukwu O. Ndu, Bonaventure C. Obi and Akachukwu M. Onwuka  

April 2021

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Human security and threats associated with the impacts of 2019 Hong Kong social unrest

Hong Kong has just experienced unprecedented social unrest that started in 2019. The unrest dragged the city into a chaotic situation that had not been seen in the last 50 years. Violence and crimes occurred across every corner of the territory, affecting every citizen’s livelihood. Several studies have been carried out, analyzing its social, economic, and political causes. However, most of them are limited to the...

Author(s): Bryan Tzu Wei LUK

April 2021

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Police officers’ perceptions about corruption in Zimbabwe: A case of police officers at a University

The study investigated police officers’ perceptions about corruption in Zimbabwe. The study was informed by Bourdieu’s theory of habitus. A case study design involving a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from sixty-four respondents sampled using a census method of sampling. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and presented on tables and pie charts. The study revealed that...

Author(s): Tapfuiwa James Katsinde

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Farmers’ awareness and ethno-veterinary practices regarding porcine cysticercosis in the province of Boulkiemde, Burkina Faso

Porcine cysticercosis is a major public health issue in Burkina Faso. This study investigated farmers’ awareness and ethno-veterinary practices regarding this disease in Boulkiemde province, Burkina Faso. A survey was done with 132 randomly selected pig farmers in 10 villages of two municipalities of Boulkiemde province, using a semi-structured questionnaire. The majority of interviewed farmers (54%) were from the...

Author(s): Laibané Dieudonné Dahourou, Almamy Konaté, Arnaud Stéphane Rayangnéwendé Tapsoba, Bénéwendé Aristide Kaboré, Adama Kabore, Hamidou Hamadou Tamboura and Amadou Traoré  

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antioxidant effect of Hymenaea courbaril L (Jatobá) sap on the healing of wounds on mice

The use of natural products with curative action is a common cultural practice in the Brazilian Amazon, but little explored scientifically. The effect of Hymenaea courbaril L sap extract and its contribution to wound healing in mice was evaluated. The antioxidant potential of the extract was studied using the radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrilhidrazil and 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethyl benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic) acid radical,...

Author(s): Ruth Silva Lima da Costa, David Smangoszevski Martins, Laan Diego Carvalho Peixoto, Bárbara Janaína Paula da Silva, Larissa Barbosa Borges, Emerson Silva Lima,  Hector Henrique Ferreira Koolen, Dionatas Ulises de Oliveira Meneguetti,  Ana Flávia Marçal Pessoa and Romeu Paulo Martins Silva  

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antiurolithiatic activity of selected plants extracts against calcium oxalate crystals

The present study was designed to evaluate the antiurolithiatic activity of selected plants extracts (Achyranthes aspera, Lawsonia inermis, Ficus benghalensis, Raphnus sativus and Macrotyloma uniflorum). The methanol extract of selected plants was analysed for in-vitro antiurolithiatic activity using nucleation, aggregation and growth assay of calcium oxalate (CaOX) monohydrate crystals. The nucleation, aggregation and...

Author(s): Sushant Aryal, Puspa Kuwar and Chhitij Thapa  

April 2021

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Analysis of wind distribution and potential wind energy in Senegal with a focus on Basse Casamance

This work uses the Weibull distribution for assessing the wind potential in Senegal; a country located in West Africa. In this study, data from the ERA5 reanalysis and the Ziguinchor station were used to characterize the spatio-temporal variability of wind and its available power density at 10 m and 100 m of altitude. The results showed that the wind potential was stronger on the coast and the north-western part of the...

Author(s): Hamady N. Sabaly, Jules Basse, Ibrahima Diba, Alioune B. Sarr and Moctar Camara  

April 2021

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Evaluation of PV performance prediction model in tropical environment in Senegal

Many authors in the literature have worked on models for producing PV module performance, but the question of a climate-specific model is problematic. Some studies have shown more appropriate models for any PV module technology, while others have highlighted models that are more appropriate for a given climate. The aim of this work is to evaluate our model which is based on the I-V characteristic and their accuracy was...

Author(s): Issa Faye, Ababacar Ndiaye, Diouma Kobor and Moustapha Thiame  

April 2021

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Potential of Moringa oleifera seeds and fuel wood ash as adsorbent of dye and organic matter in wastewater from batik producing enterprises

Treatment of effluents from batik producing enterprises to removal dyes and other impurities is inevitable as these enterprises are becoming ubiquitous in many cities in Tanzania. Wastewater from batik production processes are discharged haphazardly without treatment. In this study, preliminary results on adsorption potential of defatted Moringa oleifera crude seed extract (DMOCSE) and fuel wood ash (FWA) for dye and...

Author(s): Nancy Jotham Marobhe, Fredrick Salukele and Shadrack Mwita Sabai

April 2021

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Influence of a quasi-delegated management framework on sustainable distribution of quality drinking water in Umoja Innercore Estate, Nairobi

Managing drinking water in its distribution pathways is one of the main indicators of the quality of service provided to the consumer. Its quality management is important since human health and livelihoods depend on adequate, clean, reliable water supplies. Unfortunately, this is not true to many neighborhoods in developing countries and the quality of water distributed in Umoja Innercore is no exemption. This research...

Author(s): Nyakundi Victor, Munala Gerryshom, Makworo Micah, Shikuku James and Ali Muhammad

April 2021

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Analysis of the effects of climate variability on maize yields in Tano North District, Ahafo Region, Ghana

This study focuses on the effects of climate variability on maize yields in Tano North District for a 20-year period spanning 1995 to 2015. The Department for International Development model, the “Livelihood Sustainable Framework” was used to drive the tenets of the study which was informed by the Action Theory of Adaptation. Three farming communities namely; Duayaw Nkwanta, Yamfo and Tanoso were purposively...

Author(s): Ebenezer Oppong Amankwa and Daniel Buor

April 2021

Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations
Transition of soil-moisture estimation theory to practical application

Technology transition is an essential activity of engineering that bridges the gap between theory and reality. Computer engineering, for instance, takes the infinite accuracy of pure mathematics and applies it to practical situations. For precision irrigation and the calculation of ETc (estimated crop water use), we have the physics and mathematics expressed in the UN’s excellent documentation. A previous paper by...

Author(s): Peter George Raeth  

April 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Tackling poverty in era of Covid-19 pandemic: The contributory pension option

In December 2019, news broke out that a novel coronavirus has hit the city of Wuhan, China. It was reported that the SARS-CoV2 virus is responsible for the Covid-19 pandemic. The coronavirus pandemic has impacted severely on the country. As expected, the pandemic has worsened the fate of the poor and most vulnerable households in Nigeria. To cushion the impact, the federal government of Nigeria (FGN) has instituted...

Author(s): Onwuka Ifeanyi Onuka

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Evaluation of asynchronous piano education and training in the Covid-19 era

The aim of this study is to examine the success of music students in asynchronous piano education during the distance learning process in the spring semester of the 2019/2020 academic year in the Covid-19 outbreak. Participants of the study consisted of 34 students studying at Giresun University, 37 students studying at Nigde Ömer Halisdemir University and 32 students studying at Kirikkale University. Various...

Author(s): Izzet Yücetoker, Çigdem Eda ANGI and Tugçe KAYNAK  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of planting density on yield and yield components of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) at two agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

Use of optimum plant spacing (planting density) is one of the important agronomic practices to maximize the productivity of lettuce. A field experiment was conducted to assess the responses of two lettuce varieties to different plant spacing at Debrezeit and Holeta Agricultural Research Centers representing two different agro-ecologies in Ethiopia. Nine treatment combinations of three levels of inter-row and three...

Author(s): Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu, Getachew Tabor, Zebenay Dagne, Gizachew Atinafu and Fasil Tadesse Tewolde  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A comparative analysis of agrochemical use among agroforestry and non-agroforestry practicing farmers in South west Cameroon: The examples of insecticides, fungicides and herbicides

The abusive use of toxic agricultural chemicals (insecticides, fungicides and herbicides in particular) by farmers has attracted a lot of attention from environmentalists, scientists and policy makers.  The use of these toxic agricultural chemicals not only contributes to environmental deterioration but equally poses major health risks to farmers and the general public. It is therefore incumbent on policy makers to...

Author(s): Azembouh Roshinus Tsufac, Nyong Princely Awazi and Bernard Palmer Kfuban Yerima  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Demographic profiling and characterization of cattle and cattle farmers in Botswana

Most published data on Botswana’s cattle population neither represent demographics of cattle and cattle ownership nor capture political and gender factors that affect cattle farming. Decline in cattle population has largely been attributed to unthrifty climatic conditions of the predominantly semi-arid desert terrain of the nation. This demographic and characterization study estimated cattle population, its spread...

Author(s): Goodhead Okechukwu Uchendu, Njoku Ola Ama, Andrew Olatunbosun Aganga and Othusitse, Rick Madibela  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of phenotypic and biochemical responses of Pteris vittata during growth in arsenic contaminated soil and its effect on selected soil enzymes activity

Experiments were conducted with arsenic-hyperaccumulator, Pteris vittata, and non-hyperaccumulator, Pteris ensiformis, subjected to various arsenic toxicity levels (0 to 1500 mg As kg-1) in peat-moss or soil for up to 14 weeks, to evaluate phenotypic responses and total lipid with fatty acid profiles, and P. vittata influence on rhizosphere enzyme activities. P. ensiformis exhibited significant phenotypic toxicity...

Author(s): Osagie Idehen, Marceline Egnin, Ramble Ankumah and Raymon Shange  

April 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Marketing potential of improved dried sardine (Sardinella gibossa) and capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the Southern Kenyan coast

Traditional dried small fish are an important source of protein for low income people in many developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine marketing potential of improved dried sardine and capelin as new products in markets accustomed to traditional dried small fish. One hundred and twenty participants were recruited among shoppers at supermarkets and open-air markets in Kenya. Each participant received...

Author(s): Odoli Ogombe Cyprian, Kolbrun Sveinsdottir, Peter Michael Oduor-Odote and Sigurjon Arason,

April 2021

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Invertebrate fauna associated with the cultivation of Vernonia calvoana calvoana (Asteraceae) in Yaoundé (Center-Cameroon)

Vernonia calvoana is a culture spread across the world and prized for its culinary and medicinal virtues. The data was collected in Yaoundé, Central Cameroon region through manual harvesting at two stations from 2017 to 2019. A total of 168 species or morphospecies belonging to 47 families and 12 orders from two phyla were collected. The most abundant phylum was Arthropoda which represented 99.96% of the total...

Author(s): EBANGUE TITTI Oscar Giovanni William, MONY Ruth and NOLA Moïse

April 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and adherence to social distancing guidelines in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic

Social distancing refers to actions or steps taken by an individual or groups of individuals with the main purpose of reducing physical and social interaction to curb the spread of infectious disease. This study sought to determine Nigerians’ knowledge of social distancing and why most people do not adhere to the guidelines amid the COVID-19 pandemic. A non-probability sampling method was used for this study; data...

Author(s): Ebidor U. Lawani-Luwaji, Pere-ere F. T. Victor and Dorcas B. Esene  

April 2021

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Safuu: The indigenous Oromo moral thought

Human beings have diligently attempted to answer the question of “how one ought to live” since their existence as a social being. Every society and every individual has attempted to answer the question in accordance with their own particular problem and social structures. Different attempts have been made, and different moral systems have been developed by Western philosophers, among which consequentialism...

Author(s): Dasta Alamayo

April 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Awareness of sleeping sickness by the populations of the Bipindi historic focus: Lessons for ownership and sustainability of control interventions

Socio-economic and socio-demographic factors have been considered as critical in disease epidemiology and need to be taken into consideration when designing health interventions. It is therefore strongly recommended to investigate population ownership to ensure sustainability of a given intervention. To this end, a household-based cross sectional survey was conducted to assess knowledge and perceptions regarding...

Author(s): Guy R Njitchouang, André Domche, Laurentine Sumo, Jeanne C Sondi-Dissake, Cédric G. Lenou-Nanga , Alphonse Acho and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga,  

April 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Identification of best maize-legume based cropping systems under conservation agriculture practices for Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Cereal crops especially maize production in Ethiopian Central Rift Valley is affected by biotic and abiotic production. This study was conducted for two seasons (2015-2016) and the best cropping system was identified using Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The experiment had six treatments (1) Continuous mono-cropping under conventional practice (CN), (2) continuous mono cropping under...

Author(s): Goshime Muluneh Mekasha, Walter Tamuka Mupangwa, Solomon Admassu Seyoum, Alemayehu Zemede Lemma, Haimanot Beruk Senbeta, Mesele Haile Onu and Mamud Aman Tello  

April 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Canadian plant breeder opinions regarding changes to plant breeders’ rights

In 1991, Canada became a member of the International Union for the Protection of New Plant Varieties (UPOV). To further incentivize plant breeding research and development, Canada updated its plant breeders’ rights framework in 2015 to become compliant with UPOV-91 (the latest Act of the Treaty). This article reports the results of a survey assessing the impacts of UPOV-91 on Canadian plant breeders, and their...

Author(s): Chelsea Sutherland, Diego Macall and Stuart Smyth  

April 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Reproduction mode and apospory expressivity of selected hybrids of Paspalum notatum Flügge

Paspalum notatum Flüggé (bahiagrass) is the most important forage grass in the native grasslands of southern Brazil; the native germplasm is tetraploid and apomictic. Breeding to produce cultivars has been possible due to chromosome doubling of sexual diploid accessions, allowing hybridizations with apomictic genotypes, generating progenies with variability for agronomic traits and segregating for...

Author(s): Juliana Medianeira Machado, Karine Cristina Krycki, Roberto Luis Weiler, Carine Simioni and Miguel Dall´Agnol  

April 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Investigation of the anti-bacterial properties of mangrove fern, Acrostichum aureum in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

Mangroves render several ecosystem services globally, one of which is pharmacological products. This study was done to verify whether Acrostichum aureum, a species of mangrove, common in the Niger Delta has anti-bacterial property. Several leaf samples were plucked from the trees at Eagle Island and placed in a cooler and sent to the lab for further analysis. The leaves were dried and ground into fine powder with manual...

Author(s): Aroloye O. Numbere and Eberechukwu M. Maduike

April 2021

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Electoral institutions and management of elections in Nigeria and Ghana: A comparative assessment

Since the arrival of new democratic train in West Africa, elections have been characterized with naked violence and irregularities which have negatively manifested in economic underdevelopment and political instability. To this end, understanding the dominant nature and character of the electoral management bodies of Nigeria and Ghana to identify a body that is substantially functioning well is central to this paper....

Author(s): Lukman Olalekan Aliyu and Abdulrauf Ambali

April 2021

African Journal of Business Management
A review of the Management Science theory and its application in contemporary businesses

The Management Science theory is one of the theories of management that attributes management effectiveness to the application of scientific methods. It goes a step beyond the famous scientific management theory by applying operations research tools and techniques to solving practical problems. Its origin can be traced to the Second World War in Britain. Its method of expressing business factors in form of variables...

Author(s): Japhet Imhanzenobe  

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of corona virus related anxiety of students at faculty of sports science on their physical activity levels

This study aimed to examine the effect of Covid-19 anxiety on physical activity levels of the Faculty of Sports Sciences students. The information was obtained from 233 students of the Faculty of Sport Sciences. As a result of the reliability analysis of the scales, the Cronbach's Alpha value of the coronavirus anxiety scale in athletes was found to be 93; Cronbach's Alpha value of the cognitive behavioral...

Author(s): Alper Kartal

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Dyslexia in higher education

The number of students with learning disabilities in post-secondary institutions has grown substantially, and those with dyslexia compile the largest subgroup. This study explores the utility conceptualization of dyslexia by analyzing the subjective experiences of 30 students from two 2-year institutions. Interviews confirmed that these students exhibited dyslexic traits, and the study findings indicated that they used...

Author(s): Gregory Richardson  

April 2021

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Postpartum consultation attendance at the maternity ward in Sokoura, Côte d’Ivoire

This study investigates why postpartum women cannot or will not receive postpartum consultations at the maternity ward in Sokoura, Côte d’Ivoire. It aims to present the sociocultural, economic, infrastructural and organisational factors limiting new mothers’ access to postpartum care and to suggest ways to encourage them to seek out such care. A qualitative approach was adopted and data was collected...

Author(s): Adou Serge Judicaël Anoua, Akissi Bernadette Kouadio, Kouamé Frédéric Signo and Yao Vincent Dibi

April 2021

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Practices and challenges of visitor management implementation for sustainable tourism development in Fasil Ghebbi, Ethiopia

Visitor management is a practical tool for promoting sustainable tourism development through regulating visitor activities to minimize negative impacts on the site. The main purpose of this study was to investigate visitor management as a tool for sustainable tourism development in Fasil Ghebbi, Ethiopia. The study employed descriptive design in line with mixed research approach. Consequently, 246 international and...

Author(s): Alubel Workie Eyassu, Geetachew Melesse Asefa and Asnakew Atlug

April 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of harvest age of cassava roots and sweet potato tubers on alcohol yield

Several studies have been conducted in the past using cassava and sweet potato as feedstock to optimise the yield of alcohol. Harvest age of cassava and sweet potato may have some effects on the fermentable carbohydrates quantity. This study aims to establish the best harvest age of cassava and sweet potato for alcohol production. Two varieties of cassava (Sika bankye and Ampong) cultivated and harvested at 8, 10 and 12...

Author(s): Komlaga, G. A., Oduro, I., Ellis, W. O. and Dziedzoave, N. T.

April 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Pharmacognostic and phytochemical characterization of Maerua angolensis DC.

Maerua angolensis DC is a medicinal plant widely used in ethnomedicine in northern Nigeria. It is used to treat disease conditions like skin infections, sexually transmitted diseases, peptic ulcers and wounds amongst others. The plant is well known in Fulani Fulfude as leggal baali (or leggal mbaali). The plant was subjected to pharmacognostic and physicochemical characterization to establish standard profiles for...

Author(s): Obi Peter Adigwe, Jemilat Aliyu Ibrahim, Aisha Halilu Buhari, Kamal Abdurrahman Muhammed, Rukaiyatu Abdullahi Kirim, Abubakar Mustapha Danraka  and Henry Omoregie Egharevba

April 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibacterial activity of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) juice extract on selected bacteria

Plants have potentials to be developed into many new drugs yet to be discovered because of the countless chemical compositions in them. The investigation is targeted at the antibacterial activity of sweet orange juice extract on some bacteria using ethanol and ethyl ethanoate solvent to extract juice. Ditch method was used for the sensitivity testing against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae...

Author(s): Hassan I. A., Ekum M. I. and Ogunsanya A.S.

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Investigating the relationship between innovation competencies of school principals and innovation level of schools

The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between level of innovation competence of school principals and innovation level of schools with the opinions of teachers working in Vocational and Technical Anatolian High Schools. The research was designed with the correlational survey model. The research population consists of 306 teachers working in the Vocational and Technical Anatolian High Schools in the...

Author(s): Rahman Cakir

April 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
A cross-sectional evaluation of aflatoxin B1 and M1 contaminations of dairy cattle production in Northern Nigeria

In Nigeria, dairy industry holds monumental prospects in the management of protein deficiencies among the timid Nigerian populace. Emergence of metabolic products of some important fungi, Aflatoxins B1 and M1 (AFB1 and AFM1), may hamper such potentials and poses public health threat to the consumers of dairy products. Hence, the need to undertake a study with the view of evaluating AFB1 and AFM1 levels in dairy cattle...

Author(s): Omeiza Gabriel Kehinde, Kabir Junaidu, Kwaga Jacob, Mwanza Mulunda, Nafarnda Wesley Daniel, Enem Simon Ikechukwu, Adamu Andrew, Godwin Enid, Adeiza AbdulRahman, Okoli Chinwe and Kwaja Elisha Zailani  

April 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Bacteriology and cytology of the non-gravid one-humped camel genitalia

This study evaluates the cytology and prevalence of bacteria in the genital tract of non-pregnant dromedary camels at the main abattoir of Kano through a cross-sectional design with convenience sampling. Results revealed that Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were isolated with E. coli and S. aureus being the most prevalent....

Author(s): Musa Bello, Halima Aliyu, Muhammad Bashar Usman, Nasiru Magaji Sadiq and Abdussamad Muhammad Abdussamad  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Seed germination and morphological characterization of traditional leafy vegetables

Traditional leafy vegetables provide affordable sources of micronutrients to many people in Zimbabwe. They are produced by smallholder farmers with limited knowledge on the agronomic value of high-quality seed and the seed is rarely tested to determine its quality. This study was therefore conducted to evaluate the germination of seeds of three traditional leafy vegetables sourced from five different farmers and the...

Author(s): Praxedis Dube and Paul C. Struik

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Diversity and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in maize (Zea mays) cropping fields in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo

Arbuscular Mycorhizal Fungi (AMF) occur naturally in agroecosystems and interact symbiotically with crops, facilitating nutrition. This study aimed at assessing the occurrence, abundance and diversity of AMF communities in the maize cropping system and their relation to soils properties in two agroecological zones in South Kivu, eastern DR Congo. Soil samples were collected from eight sites, with 4 sites in highland at...

Author(s): Réussite Bugale Malembaka, Richard Onwonga, Joyce Jefwa, Fredrick Ayuke and Leon Nabahungu

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Wage labor in rice cultivation areas near Lake Victoria in Western Kenya

Rice is now the most rapidly growing food commodity in sub-Saharan Africa. This growth is mainly driven by urbanization. There is substantial research on the wage labor dynamics in rice production in Asia, but in Africa, there is limited analysis of the labor used in rice cultivation-the attributes, numbers, and costs which make it difficult to understand the actual market, such as how products are procured. This study...

Author(s): Yuko Yamane

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutrients balance approach with emphasis on base cations and ratios concepts as a decisions-support tool in optimizing fertilizers use

Thirty-six soil samples collected from 24 sites were used to investigate the relationships between cation-ratio concepts and sufficiency level approaches in plant nutrition. Based on threshold values, about 25.0% of the soils had calcium:magnesium (Ca:Mg)-ratio fallen outside developed favorable range, despite the sufficient levels of individual elements in soils, violating the base cation ratio concept. Similarly,...

Author(s): Assefa Menna

April 2021

International Journal of English and Literature
Mimicry, rebellion and subversion of Western beliefs in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah

Migration is a global issue that entails the movement of people from one place to another. Edward Said states that “our age, with its modern warfare, imperialism and the quasi, theological ambitions of totalitarian rulers is indeed the age of the refugee, the displaced person, mass migration” (2002: 138). The crossing of transnational borders and entry into the receiving country presents various challenges...

Author(s): Mark O. Ighile and Charity Oghogho Oseghale

April 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Harvesting, postharvest handling, hygiene knowledge and practices of guava fruit farmers: A comparative study of two counties of Kenya

The guava (Psidium guajava) grows on farms or in the bush in many parts of Kenya, including Kitui and Taita Taveta, and remains virtually unattended. Guava fruit value chain is commercially disorganized and standard postharvest handling and storage procedures are not practiced as there is no bulk handling.  This study evaluated the harvesting and postharvest handling practices of the guava fruit in two counties of...

Author(s): Judith N. Katumbi, Jasper K. Imungi, George O. Abong, Charles K. Gachuiri, Agnes W. Mwang’ombe, Duke G. Omayio and Joshua O. Owade

April 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Litterfall production, nutrient input and soil fertility in yerba-mate agroforestry systems

Adoption of agroforestry systems (AFS) for yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.) production contributes to improvement of soil quality due to intense litterfall input. This study aimed (i) to quantify the litterfall input and its nutrients, as well as soil fertility attributes in yerba mate AFS (ii) to discriminate which soil fertility attributes and litterfall nutrients enabled differentiation of yerba mate AFS and...

Author(s): Neuri Carneiro Machado, Adriel Ferreira da Fonseca, Francisco Paulo Chaimsohn and Flavia Biassio Riferte

Page 11 of 1225, showing 50 records out of 61213 total, starting on record 501, ending on 550